1. 1-11 of 11
    1. Artificial Intelligence in Diabetic Eye Disease Screening

      Artificial Intelligence in Diabetic Eye Disease Screening

      Systematic or national screening programs for diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic macular edema (DME), using digital fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT), are currently implemented at primary care level, aiming to provide timely referral for vision-threatening DR and DME to ophthalmologists for timely treatment and vision loss prevention. However, interpretation of retinal images requires specialized knowledge and expertise in diabetic eye disease. Furthermore, current DR screening programs are capital- and labor-intensive, which makes it difficult to rapidly scale up and expand diabetic eye screening to meet the needs of this growing global epidemic. Deep learning (DL), a new branch ...

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    2. Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography: Applications for Clinical Care and Scientific Research

      Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography: Applications for Clinical Care and Scientific Research

      Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) is a non-contact imaging technique that produces high-resolution images and quantitative measurements of the anterior segment and its anatomical structures. There has been rapid development of OCT technology over the past 2 decades, with the transition from time-domain to Fourier-domain OCT devices. By integrating these advancements in OCT technology, AS-OCT devices have evolved into versatile clinical and research tools for studies of the anterior segment and ocular surface. The primary purpose of this article was to review OCT technology and AS-OCT devices as well as applications of AS-OCT for clinical practice and scientific research ...

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    3. Artificial Intelligence and Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging

      Artificial Intelligence and Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging

      This review article aimed to highlight the application and use of artificial intelligence (AI) in optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging in ophthalmology. Artificial intelligence programs seek to simulate intelligent human behavior in computers. With an abundance of patient data, especially with the advent and growing use of imaging modalities such as OCT, AI programs provide us with the unique opportunity to analyze this plethora of information and assist in making clinical decisions in the field of ophthalmology. Groups around the world have developed and evaluated AI programs that gather data from diagnostic modalities, such as OCT, that assist in the ...

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    4. Optical Coherence Tomography for the Diagnosis and Monitoring of Glaucoma

      Optical Coherence Tomography for the Diagnosis and Monitoring of Glaucoma

      Since its introduction to the field of ophthalmology, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been markedly improved in terms of imaging protocols, algorithms, and new parameters that have enhanced its utility for the diagnosis and assessment of glaucoma progression. In this review, we examine the clinical utility of OCT in the diagnosis of glaucoma and monitoring of its progression, and emphasize the technological advances that facilitate both glaucoma research and the formulation of clinical management strategies.

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    5. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Glaucoma: A Brief Review

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Glaucoma: A Brief Review

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a new modality in ocular imaging which provides non-invasive assessment and measurement of the vascular structures in the retina and optic nerve head. This technique provides useful information in glaucoma, such as quantitative assessment of vessel density. Vessel density measurement can be affected by various subject-related, eye-related, and diseaserelated factors. Overall, OCTA has good repeatability and reproducibility, and can differentiate glaucoma eyes from normal eyes. It can also help detect early glaucoma, reach a floor effect at a more advanced disease stage than optical coherence tomography (OCT), and adds information about glaucoma patients at ...

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    6. Advances in Whole-Eye Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging

      Advances in Whole-Eye Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging

      Contemporary anterior segment and retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) systems only image their particular designated region of the eye and cannot image both areas of the eye at once. This separation is due to the differences in optical system design needed to properly image the front or back of the eye and also due to limitations in the imaging depth of current commercial OCT systems. More recently, research and commercial OCT systems capable of "whole-eye" imaging have been described. These whole-eye OCT systems enable applications such as ocular biometry for cataract surgery, ocular shape analysis for myopia, and others. Further ...

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    7. New Concepts in Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy Imaging: A Focus on Optical Coherence Tomography and Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      New Concepts in Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy Imaging: A Focus on Optical Coherence Tomography and Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is a variant of neovascular age-related macular degeneration. It is characterized by polypoidal dilatations at the terminus of branching vascular network located beneath the retinal pigment epithelium. These polypoidal lesions are best visualized on indocyanine green angiography. With recent advances in ocular imaging, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA) have been increasingly used to aid in the diagnosis and monitoring of treatment responses in PCV. This review provides a summary of the current status of various imaging modalities in PCV, with special focus on OCT and OCTA.

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    8. The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in Differentiating Optic Disc Drusen from Optic Disc Edema

      The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in Differentiating Optic Disc Drusen from Optic Disc Edema

      An elevated optic nerve head can be an ominous sign, sometimes signifying an underlying basis for raised intracranial pressure. Alternatively, patients may harbor a different mechanism for this optic nerve head appearance, including optic disc drusen (ODD), which does not confer any life-threatening implications. It is important to refine the approach to distinguishing ODD from papilledema because this is a relatively common, and important, conundrum encountered in clinical practice. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive, readily accessible, and cost-effective ocular imaging technique that can improve the diagnostic accuracy for detecting ODD; or, instead, increase the index of suspicion for ...

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    9. Optical Coherence Tomography of Small Retinoblastoma

      Optical Coherence Tomography of Small Retinoblastoma

      Purpose: To investigate hand-held optical coherence tomography (HHOCT) characteristics of small (<1 mm thickness) retinoblastoma. Design: Retrospective observational case series. Methods: Patient and tumor data were extracted from the medical record and analyzed along with HH-OCT scans. Determination of tumor layer of origin was performed using a layer-by-layer analysis of HH-OCT data and specific HH-OCT–related features were described. Results: There were 20 sub-millimeter retinoblastomas from 16 eyes of 15 patients. Mean largest tumor basal diameter by HH-OCT was 2.2 mm (median, 1.9; range, 0.7–4.1 mm), and mean tumor thickness was 468 µm (median, 441 ...

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    10. The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in the Acute Management of Neuro-Ophthalmic Diseases

      The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in the Acute Management of Neuro-Ophthalmic Diseases

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can provide highspeed and high-resolution images of the anatomical structures of the optic nerve head and macula. However, in neuro-ophthalmic conditions that present acutely, structural changes lag functional deficits, and the role of OCT in the acute setting has been challenged. This review aims to summarize the recent literature and evidence supporting the use of OCT in the acute management of some common neuro-ophthalmic scenarios, including the differential diagnosis of optic disc swelling, and in patients with suspected papilledema, optic neuritis, ischemic optic neuropathies, and Leber hereditary optic neuropathy. The limitations of OCT are also discussed.

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    11. Peripapillary Perfused Capillary Density in Exfoliation Syndrome and Exfoliation Glaucoma versus POAG and Healthy Controls: An OCTA Study

      Peripapillary Perfused Capillary Density in Exfoliation Syndrome and Exfoliation Glaucoma versus POAG and Healthy Controls: An OCTA Study

      PURPOSE: To compare the peripapillary perfused capillary density (PCD) among eyes with exfoliation syndrome (XFS), exfoliation glaucoma (XFG), primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), and controls. DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images (4.5×4.5 mm) of the optic nerve head were obtained using a commercial spectral domain OCTA system (AngioVue Avanti RTVue-XR, OptoVue, Fremont, CA). Two concentric circles with 1.95-mm (inner) and 3.45-mm (outer) diameters were placed manually, producing an annulus of width 0.75 mm centered at the optic disc. PCD was calculated as the ratio of pixels associated with capillaries to ...

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    1-11 of 11
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