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    1. Central perpendicular line in macular spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in five eyes

      Central perpendicular line in macular spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in five eyes

      Purpose: The aim of this study is to report a rare spectral-domain optical coherence tomography finding in the macula. Methods: This is a descriptive consecutive case series. Patients diagnosed with hyperreflective central perpendicular line in the macular spectral-domain optical coherence tomography were included. Best-corrected visual acuity assessment, standard Amsler grid test, biomicroscopic examination and macular spectral-domain optical coherence tomography were performed. Results: We examined three men and one woman, aged 56 to 91 years (average age: 75.25 years). Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography showed a hyperreflective central perpendicular line in five eyes accompanied by vitreofoveal adhesion in all of them ...

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    2. Reproducibility of macular and optic nerve head vessel density measurements by swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography

      Reproducibility of macular and optic nerve head vessel density measurements by swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose: To assess the reproducibility of swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) for macular and optic nerve head (ONH) vessel density (VD). Methods: Cross-sectional study using the Triton OCTA (Topcon, Tokyo, Japan), for VD (%) measurements in 40 eyes of 40 healthy subjects on two 6 × 6 mm scans of the macula and ONH across five subfields (central, superior, inferior, temporal, and nasal) at different segmentation levels: superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus (DCP), outer retina, and choriocapillaris. Reproducibility values were summarized as intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and coefficients of variations (CV). Results: ICCs for the macular VD measurements in ...

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    3. Optic coherence tomography angiography follow-up in a case of Purtscher-like retinopathy due to atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome

      Optic coherence tomography angiography follow-up in a case of Purtscher-like retinopathy due to atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome

      Purpose: To report a case of Purtscher-like retinopathy due to atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and the changes seen in the optical coherence tomography angiography before and after treatment with eculizumab. Case description: A 22-year-old man with an unremarkable medical history presented with acute, bilateral blurred vision and headache of 1-week duration. Best corrected visual acuity of 20/50 and 20/40, respectively, in the patient’s right eye and left eye. Funduscopy revealed multiple cotton-wool spots associated with intrarretinal fluid. Swept source optical coherence tomography revealed multifocal retinal detachments with increased choroidal thickness. Optical coherence tomography angiography showed areas of ...

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    4. Correlation analysis of fundus autofluorescence, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, and visual function in patients with diabetic macular oedema treated with intravitreal ziv-aflibercept

      Correlation analysis of fundus autofluorescence, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, and visual function in patients with diabetic macular oedema treated with intravitreal ziv-aflibercept

      Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlations between fundus autofluorescence and morphologic parameters as well as visual function in patients with diabetic macular oedema treated with intravitreal ziv-aflibercept. Methods: A total of 34 eyes of 20 patients with untreated diabetic macular oedema received an intravitreal injection of ziv-aflibercept at baseline, and 1 and 2 months later. The baseline, 1-month, and two-month best corrected visual acuity determination, contrast sensitivity, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, mean central macular thickness, mean macular cube volume, mean macular cube average thickness, and fundus autofluorescence (decreased, normal, or increased; and single or ...

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    5. Evaluation of choroidal thickness in amblyopia using optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of choroidal thickness in amblyopia using optical coherence tomography

      Objective: To investigate the choroidal thickness in children with amblyopia through spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Methods: A total of 31 children with unilateral amblyopia and 31 right eyes of controls with normal vision were enrolled in the study. The choroidal thickness was measured directly below the fovea and at 12 other locations: 1, 2 and 3 mm superior, temporal, inferior, and nasal to the fovea. All the parameters were compared between amblyopic eyes, fellow eyes, and control eyes. Results: The mean subfoveal choroidal thickness was 398.03 ± 74.60, 354.13 ± 81.78, and 328.12 ± 65.93 μm in ...

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    6. Utility of optical coherence tomography angiography in detecting vascular retinal damage caused by arterial hypertension

      Utility of optical coherence tomography angiography in detecting vascular retinal damage caused by arterial hypertension

      Objective: To evaluate the potential utility of perfusion density measurements to discriminate patients with arterial hypertension by cardiovascular risk category. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, one eye per subject was evaluated (N = 73). The study cohort was divided into three groups according to the clinical criteria established by the European Guidelines for Arterial Hypertension: 26 controls, 24 patients with low cardiovascular risk, and 23 patients with very high cardiovascular risk. All patients were examined using RS-3000 Advance optical coherence tomography angiography to analyze macular and peripapillary perfusion density. Results: There were no differences among the three risk groups by sex ...

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    7. Evolution of retinal changes measured by optical coherence tomography in the assessment of hydroxychloroquine ocular safety in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

      Evolution of retinal changes measured by optical coherence tomography in the assessment of hydroxychloroquine ocular safety in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

      Objective The objective of this report is to analyse retinal changes over a five-year period, assessed by spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), in patients from the Lupus-Cruces cohort treated with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ). Methods SD-OCT screening was performed annually between 2012 and 2017. Average macular thickness (AMT), ganglion cell layer thickness (GCLT) and qualitative data of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and external retina (ExtR) were collected prospectively. We compared data from 2012 (first) and 2017 (second) SD-OCT. Results We studied 110 patients and 195 eyes. No cases of HCQ toxicity were detected. At the time of the second SD-OCT, 99% patients ...

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    8. Dynamic Optical Coherence Tomography Is a New Technique for Imaging Skin Around Lower Extremity Wounds

      Dynamic Optical Coherence Tomography Is a New Technique for Imaging Skin Around Lower Extremity Wounds

      Chronic wounds such as venous leg ulcers invariably heal slowly and recur. In the case of venous leg ulcers, poor healing of chronic wounds is variously attributed to ambulatory hypertension, impaired perfusion and diffusion, presence of chronic inflammation at wound sites, lipodermatosclerosis, and senescence. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a new technique, optical coherence tomography (OCT), which permits imaging of blood capillaries in the peri-wound skin, can provide new insights into the pathology. OCT and its recent variant, dynamic OCT, permit rapid noninvasive depth-resolved imaging of the capillaries in the superficial dermis via a handheld probe ...

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    9. Optical Coherence Tomography and Retinal Thickness Analyzer Features of Spontaneous Resolution of Vitreomacular Traction Syndrome: A Case Report

      Optical Coherence Tomography and Retinal Thickness Analyzer Features of Spontaneous Resolution of Vitreomacular Traction Syndrome: A Case Report

      Purpose To report optical coherence tomography (OCT) and retinal thickness analyzer (RIA) findings in a case of spontaneous resolution of vitreomacular traction syndrome. METHODS Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the macular region was performed with OCT and RTA. Results In the left eye of a 34-year-old woman with blurred vision, OCT and RTA examination showed a discrete linear signal anterior to the retina with attachment at the macula and secondary cystoid macular changes. OCT and RTA examination showed an increase in macular thickness (350 μm). Six months later the patient showed a spontaneous complete recovery of visual acuity. Vitreomacular traction ...

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    10. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography foveal morphology as a prognostic factor for vision performance in congenital aniridia

      Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography foveal morphology as a prognostic factor for vision performance in congenital aniridia

      Background: Patients with congenital aniridia usually have some degree of foveal hypoplasia, thus representing a limiting factor in the final visual acuity achieved by these patients. The purpose of this study was to analyze whether the foveal morphology assessed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography may serve as a prognostic indicator for best-corrected visual acuity in congenital aniridia patients. Methods: Observational two-center study performed between January 2012 and March 2017 in the pediatric ophthalmology department at Vissum Alicante and Vissum Madrid, Spain. A total of 31 eyes from 19 patients with congenital aniridia were included. After a complete ophthalmological examination, a ...

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    11. Spinal cord and infratentorial lesions in radiologically isolated syndrome are associated with decreased retinal ganglion cell/inner plexiform layer thickness

      Spinal cord and infratentorial lesions in radiologically isolated syndrome are associated with decreased retinal ganglion cell/inner plexiform layer thickness

      Background: The role of retinal imaging with optical coherence tomography (OCT) in assessing individuals with radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS) remains largely unexplored. Objective: To assess retinal layer thicknesses in RIS and examine their associations with clinical features suggestive of increased risk for conversion to multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: A total of 30 RIS subjects and 60 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent retinal imaging with spectral-domain OCT, followed by automated segmentation of retinal layers. Results: Overall, retinal layer thicknesses did not differ between RIS and HC. However, RIS subjects with spinal cord (SC) lesions had lower ganglion cell + inner ...

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    12. Inter-relationship between retinal and choroidal vasculatures using optical coherence tomography angiography in normal eyes

      Inter-relationship between retinal and choroidal vasculatures using optical coherence tomography angiography in normal eyes

      Purpose: To quantify vascular and structural macular variables in healthy eyes and to investigate correlations between these variables and age using optical coherence tomography angiography. Materials and methods: A total of 261 eyes of 261 subjects with normal fundus were included. Central macular thickness, ganglion cell layer to inner plexiform layer thickness, outer retina layer thickness, subfoveal choroidal thickness, and choroidal vascularity index were measured using optical coherence tomography. Foveal avascular zone area, vascular density, and flow void area were measured using optical coherence tomography angiography. Results: Vascular density in the superficial capillary plexus was correlated with central macular thickness ...

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      Mentions: Korea University
    13. Functional optical coherence tomography of retinal photoreceptors

      Functional optical coherence tomography of retinal photoreceptors

      Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of severe vision loss and legal blindness. It is known that retinal photoreceptors are the primary target of AMD. Therefore, a reliable method for objective assessment of photoreceptor function is needed for early detection and reliable treatment evaluation of AMD and other eye diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa that are known to cause photoreceptor dysfunctions. Stimulus-evoked intrinsic optical signal (IOS) changes promise a unique opportunity for objective assessment of physiological function of retinal photoreceptor and inner neurons. Instead of a comprehensive review, this mini-review is to provide a brief summary of our ...

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      Mentions: Xincheng Yao
    14. Visible-light optical coherence tomography-based multimodal system for quantitative fundus autofluorescence imaging

      Visible-light optical coherence tomography-based multimodal system for quantitative fundus autofluorescence imaging

      Fundus autofluorescence (FAF) imaging is commonly used in ophthalmic clinics for diagnosis and monitoring of retinal diseases. Lipofuscin in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), with A2E as its most abundant component and a visual cycle by-product, is the major fluorophore of FAF. Lipofuscin accumulates with age and is implicated in degenerative retinal diseases. The amount of lipofuscin in RPE can be assessed by quantitative measurement of FAF. However, the currently available FAF imaging technologies are not capable of quantifying the absolute intensity of FAF, which is essential for comparing images from different individuals, and from the same individual over time ...

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    15. Detection of Age-Related Macular Degeneration by Portable Optical Coherence Tomography Operated by Nonexpert Personnel: Potential Use for Screenings

      Detection of Age-Related Macular Degeneration by Portable Optical Coherence Tomography Operated by Nonexpert Personnel: Potential Use for Screenings

      Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the sensitivity and specificity of detecting age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using portable optical coherence tomography (OCT) operated by nonexpert photographers on undilated patients. Methods: In this case-control study, 92 individuals were recruited from the glaucoma and retina clinics at the Wilmer Eye Institute (Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD). Using the portable iVue (Optovue, Inc, Fremont, CA) spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT), 2 nonexpert photographers acquired retina map scans on undilated eyes of all participants. In total, 33 AMD eyes and 105 control eyes were evaluated and graded by ophthalmologists masked to the diagnoses ...

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    16. Optical coherence tomography: Translation from 3D-printed vascular models of the anterior cerebral circulation to the first human images of implanted surface modified flow diverters

      Optical coherence tomography: Translation from 3D-printed vascular models of the anterior cerebral circulation to the first human images of implanted surface modified flow diverters

      Background The new generation of flow diverters includes a surface modification with a synthetic biocompatible polymer, which makes the device more biocompatible and less thrombogenic. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can be used to visualize perforators, stent wall apposition, and intra-stent thrombus. Unfortunately real world application of this technology has been limited because of the limited navigability of these devices in the intracranial vessels. In this report, we share our experience of using 3D-printed neurovascular anatomy models to simulate and test the navigability of a commercially available OCT system and to show the application of this device in a patient treated ...

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    17. Association Between Insulin Resistance and Coronary Plaque Vulnerability in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes: Insights From Optical Coherence Tomography

      Association Between Insulin Resistance and Coronary Plaque Vulnerability in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes: Insights From Optical Coherence Tomography

      We investigated the correlation between insulin resistance (IR) and optical coherence tomography and identified culprit plaque characteristics in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Patients with ACS who underwent selective coronary intervention were prospectively enrolled. A total of 159 culprit lesions were identified in 145 patients. Culprit plaque characteristics, including thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) and spotty calcification, were analyzed. The IR was assessed using the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR). Patients were divided into 4 interquartile ranges (IQRs) according to HOMA-IR values. The prevalence rates of TCFA were significantly different among the 4 groups (17.5% [IQR1 group] vs 17 ...

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    18. A comparison of two optical coherence tomography–angiography devices in pseudoexfoliation glaucoma versus primary open-angle glaucoma and healthy subjects

      A comparison of two optical coherence tomography–angiography devices in pseudoexfoliation glaucoma versus primary open-angle glaucoma and healthy subjects

      Purpose: To compare peripapillary vascular parameters derived from two optical coherence tomography angiography devices in pseudoexfoliation glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, and healthy controls and to evaluate their diagnostic accuracy. Methods: Observational, cross-sectional study. In total, 20 eyes with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma, 20 primary open-angle glaucoma eyes matched by peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, and 20 control eyes were recruited. Participants underwent standard automated perimetry and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer analysis by Optovue and Cirrus optical coherence tomography. Vascular parameters provided by Angiovue and Angioplex optical coherence tomography angiography were compared. Their diagnostic accuracy and correlation with structural and functional ...

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    19. The effect of tunnel length and position on postoperative corneal astigmatism: An optical coherence tomographic study

      The effect of tunnel length and position on postoperative corneal astigmatism: An optical coherence tomographic study

      Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of variation in tunnel length of same-sized clear corneal phacoemulsification incisions on the generation of surgically induced astigmatism and corneal astigmatism. Methods: A total of 126 cataract patients treated in four study groups based on location and tunnel length of the clear corneal incisions (superior long, superior short, temporal long, temporal short) were reviewed. In the short tunnel groups, a 2.8 mm keratome was used with a motion parallel to the iris surface, while in the long tunnel groups, the same keratome was advanced in the corneal stroma ...

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    20. Intraoperative Optical Coherence Tomographic Imaging During Internal Limiting Membrane Retracting-Door Technique for Macular Hole

      Intraoperative Optical Coherence Tomographic Imaging During Internal Limiting Membrane Retracting-Door Technique for Macular Hole

      A 44-year-old man noticed a reduction in his vision that our examination showed was due to a myopic macular hole. The internal limiting membrane (ILM) retracting-door technique was used to successfully close the macular hole. A large flap of the ILM was created on the nasal side of the macular hole with the ILM forceps, and it was carried temporally over the macular hole. Unfortunately, the ILM flap shrank and wadded due to contraction of an epiretinal membrane (ERM). Viscoelastic material was injected onto the ILM flap to stabilize it and draped back to cover the macular hole, which was ...

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    21. Comparison of two biometers: A swept-source optical coherence tomography and an optical low-coherence reflectometry biometer

      Comparison of two biometers: A swept-source optical coherence tomography and an optical low-coherence reflectometry biometer

      Purpose: The technological improvements in optical biometers have made cataract surgery evolve to the level of refractive surgery. This study assessed the correlation and agreement between a biometer using swept-source optical coherence tomography technology (IOLMaster 700; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany) and a biometer using optical low-coherence reflectometry (Lenstar; Haag Streit, Koeniz, Switzerland). Procedures: Optical biometric measurements were taken with the IOLMaster 700 and the Lenstar on 129 eyes of 129 patients referred for cataract surgery. We compared biometric data (axial length, mean keratometry, central pachymetry, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, and horizontal white-to-white measurement) and the emmetropic intraocular lens ...

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    22. Optical coherence tomography angiography findings in a case with acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy

      Optical coherence tomography angiography findings in a case with acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy

      Twenty-six-year-old male patient admitted to the outpatient clinic with a complaint of decreased vision in both eyes. Visual acuity was 2/10 in the right and 7/10 in the left eye. Fundus examination revealed bilateral yellow-white subretinal lesions involving the macula. Fluorescein angiography showed hypofluorescent lesions in early and hyperflourescent lesions in the late phase. Optical coherence tomography angiography performed in the acute phase showed bilateral hypofluorescency at the choriocapillary level. A diagnosis of acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy was given. After steroid treatment, visual acuity was improved to 10/10 and earlier lesions in optical coherence tomography ...

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    23. Interpretation of Optical Coherence Tomography Images for Breast Tissue Assessment

      Interpretation of Optical Coherence Tomography Images for Breast Tissue Assessment

      Purpose . Initial studies have shown that optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an effective margin-evaluation tool for breast-conserving surgery, but methods for the interpretation of breast OCT images have not been directly studied. In this work, breast pathologies were assessed with a handheld OCT probe. OCT images and corresponding histology were used to develop guidelines for the identification of breast tissue features in OCT images. Methods . Mastectomy and breast-conserving surgery specimens from 26 women were imaged with a handheld OCT probe. During standard pathology specimen dissection, representative 1-cm × 1-cm tissue regions were grossly identified, assessed with OCT, inked for orientation and ...

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    24. The optical coherence tomography angiography findings of rheumatoid arthritis patients taking hydroxychloroquine

      The optical coherence tomography angiography findings of rheumatoid arthritis patients taking hydroxychloroquine

      Purpose: The aim of this study is to measure retinal vessel density and thickness of the macula by optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with rheumatoid arthritis taking hydroxychloroquine. Methods: The study included 40 patients with rheumatoid arthritis taking hydroxychloroquine and 20 age-, gender-, and axial length-matched control subjects. Patients were divided into two groups according to the duration of hydroxychloroquine use. Twenty four of the patients were taking hydroxychloroquine for more than 5 years (Group 1), and the rest of 16 were taking hydroxychloroquine for less than 5 years (Group 2). A total of 20 age- and gender-matched volunteers ...

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    1-24 of 64 1 2 3 »
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