1. 1-24 of 109 1 2 3 4 5 »
    1. Vascular changes with optical coherence tomography angiography during aura of migraine: A case report

      Vascular changes with optical coherence tomography angiography during aura of migraine: A case report

      Purpose: To demonstrate macular and optic disk vessel changes by optical coherence tomography angiography during and after a migraine attack with aura Methods: Case report Results: A 34-year-old healthy female patient was evaluated by optical coherence tomography angiography imaging during visual aura with phosphenes in the left visual field. Optical coherence tomography angiography imaging showed diffuse narrowing of the retinal vessels, decreased radial peripapillary capillary density, and decreased superficial and deep foveal vessel density in the right eye. These changes improved 3 hours after visual aura. The patient suffered from right eye pain and right-sided headache, which are typical for ...

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    2. Optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetes: A review

      Optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetes: A review

      Diabetic retinopathy is a common diabetes complication representing a heavy burden in terms of visual impairment and heath expenditure. Optical coherence tomography angiography is a relatively new imaging method and has proven to be a powerful tool in the analysis of diabetic retinopathy common features, including microaneurysms, intraretinal microvascular abnormalities, or neovascularization, as well as in research field, challenging the gold standard of fluorescein angiography. Many studies underlined the vascular impairment observed through optical coherence tomography angiography and its typical parameters such as vessel length density, foveal avascular zone, and fractal dimension. Choriocapillaris involvement in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy ...

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    3. Quantitative analysis of optical coherence tomography angiography metrics in diabetic retinopathy

      Quantitative analysis of optical coherence tomography angiography metrics in diabetic retinopathy

      Purpose: To evaluate the correlation of the visual acuity and diabetic retinopathy stage using optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography metrics. Methods: In this prospective study, optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography images of patients with different stages of diabetic retinopathy were obtained. In optical coherence tomography angiography images, the size of foveal avascular zone, central macular thickness, and vessel density at superficial and deep capillary layers of the macula were measured. In optical coherence tomography images, the presence of intraretinal cyst, disorganization of retinal inner layer, and ellipsoid zone and external limiting membrane disruption were ...

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    4. In vivo evaluation of posterior eye elasticity using shaker-based optical coherence elastography

      In vivo evaluation of posterior eye elasticity using shaker-based optical coherence elastography

      Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a progressive retinal disease and becomes the leading cause of blindness. It is well established that early detection is the key to preservation of functional vision. However, it is very difficult to diagnose AMD in very early stages, before structural changes are evident. Consequently, investigating the biomechanical properties of the retina maybe essential for understanding its physiological function. In this study, we present a shear wave-based quantitative method for estimating the elasticity of the posterior eye using shaker-based optical coherence elastography. This technique has been developed and validated on both a homogeneous phantom and a ...

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    5. Optical coherence tomography angiography findings in young β-thalassemia patients

      Optical coherence tomography angiography findings in young β-thalassemia patients

      Purpose: The purpose was to evaluate retinal vascular parameters by optical coherence tomography angiography in β-thalassemia major patients. Methods: Thirty-three patients with β-thalassemia major (study group) and 29 healthy children (control group) were enrolled in the study. All subjects underwent a complete ocular examination. The mean foveal avascular zone, non-flow area, foveal avascular zone perimeter, acircularity index of foveal avascular zone, foveal density, the superficial capillary plexus, and deep capillary plexus were scanned using 6 × 6 mm optical coherence tomography angiography scans centered on the macula. Superficial capillary plexus and deep capillary plexus were also scanned centered on the optic ...

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    6. Integrating photoacoustic microscopy, optical coherence tomography, OCT angiography, and fluorescence microscopy for multimodal imaging

      Integrating photoacoustic microscopy, optical coherence tomography, OCT angiography, and fluorescence microscopy for multimodal imaging

      We have developed a multimodal imaging system, which integrated optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy, optical coherence tomography, optical coherence tomography angiography, and confocal fluorescence microscopy in one platform. The system is able to image complementary features of a biological sample by combining different contrast mechanisms. We achieved fast imaging and large field of view by combining optical scanning with mechanical scanning, similar to our previous publication. We have demonstrated the capability of the multimodal imaging system by imaging a mouse ear in vivo .

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    7. Optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy

      Optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy

      Purpose: To investigate a subset of diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy with optical coherence tomography angiography, assessing the differences in macular perfusion between diseased eyes and healthy controls. Methods: Monocentric cross-sectional study, including 86 eyes from 43 diabetic patients with no clinical signs of diabetic retinopathy and 78 eyes from 39 controls. Patients underwent 3.0 × 3.0 mm and 4.5 × 4.5 mm swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography. Vessel density (%), foveal avascular zone area (mm 2 ), and avascular density (%) were provided for the superficial capillary plexus and the deep capillary plexus. Results: The foveal avascular zone area at ...

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    8. High-resolution 3D tractography of fibrous tissue based on polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      High-resolution 3D tractography of fibrous tissue based on polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Abstract Fibrous tissues play important roles in many parts of the body. Their highly organized directional structure is essential in achieving their normal biomechanical and physiological functions. Disruption of the typical fiber organization in these tissues is often linked to pathological changes and disease progression. Tractography is a specialized imaging method that can reveal the detailed fiber architecture. Here, we review recent developments in high-resolution optical tractography using Jones matrix polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography. We also illustrate the use of this new tractography technology for visualizing depth-resolved, three-dimensional fibrous structures and quantifying tissue damages in several major fibrous tissues. Impact ...

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    9. Comparison of optical coherence tomography angiography results of adult patients with Familial Mediterranean fever and healthy individuals

      Comparison of optical coherence tomography angiography results of adult patients with Familial Mediterranean fever and healthy individuals

      Purpose: The aim of this study is to assess the macular ultrastructure measuring by optical coherence tomography angiography in adult patients with Familial Mediterranean fever. Methods: Participants were 62 Familial Mediterranean fever patients and 54 healthy individuals in control group with similar age and sex. The superficial and deep vascular plexus structures covering the central fovea in an area of 6 mm × 6 mm were measured using AngioVue images taken with optical coherence tomography angiography. Vasculature structure, foveal avascular zone, acircularity index of foveal avascular zone (the ratio of the perimeter of foveal avascular zone and the perimeter of a ...

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    10. An optical coherence tomography-based grading of diabetic maculopathy proposed by an international expert panel: The European School for Advanced Studies in Ophthalmology classification

      An optical coherence tomography-based grading of diabetic maculopathy proposed by an international expert panel: The European School for Advanced Studies in Ophthalmology classification

      Aims: To present an authoritative, universal, easy-to-use morphologic classification of diabetic maculopathy based on spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Methods: The first draft of the project was developed based on previously published classifications and a literature search regarding the spectral domain optical coherence tomography quantitative and qualitative features of diabetic maculopathy. This draft was sent to an international panel of retina experts for a first revision. The panel met at the European School for Advanced Studies in Ophthalmology headquarters in Lugano, Switzerland, and elaborated the final document. Results: Seven tomographic qualitative and quantitative features are taken into account and scored ...

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    11. An Attachment Including a +20-D Lens to Gain Extended Field Images in Wide-Angle Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      An Attachment Including a +20-D Lens to Gain Extended Field Images in Wide-Angle Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Purpose: This article evaluates the clinical usefulness of an attachment involving a +20-D lens to gain extended field images on wide-angle optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: An attachment with a +20-D lens was developed to take OCTA images of anterior segments, and it was used to obtain extended field images of the posterior segment in this study. Ten eyes of 5 individuals who did not have a history of ocular or systemic disease underwent wide-angle OCTA with a 12 × 12-mm center field using the PLEX Elite 9000 with and without the attachment. The ratio of the area of the ...

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    12. Evaluation of the choroidal features in pachychoroid spectrum diseases by optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography

      Evaluation of the choroidal features in pachychoroid spectrum diseases by optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose: To evaluate choroidal area, stroma/lumen ratio, choriocapillaris vessel density, and choriocapillaris flow area in eyes with central serous chorioretinopathy, uncomplicated pachychoroid, and pachychoroid pigment epitheliopathy using enhanced depth imaging-optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study analyzed enhanced depth imaging-optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography scans of 142 eyes of 92 patients with central serous chorioretinopathy, uncomplicated pachychoroid, and pachychoroid pigment epitheliopathy. The choroidal area and stroma/lumen ratio were measured by binarization of enhanced depth imaging-optical coherence tomography images. Choriocapillaris vessel density and choriocapillaris flow area were measured at ...

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    13. Optical coherence tomography and neurodegeneration in epilepsy

      Optical coherence tomography and neurodegeneration in epilepsy

      Purpose: To compare optical coherence tomography measurements; central macular thickness, ganglion cell complex, and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in patients with epilepsy versus healthy controls. Methods: We evaluated 28 eyes of 28 patients with epilepsy and 34 eyes of 34 healthy subjects. Central macular thickness, ganglion cell complex, and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements were performed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Results: Superior and superotemporal quadrant ganglion cell complex, average, and superior quadrant retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements were significantly lower in epilepsy group compared to healthy control subjects. Central macular thickness was significantly lower in polytherapy ...

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    14. Structural and optical coherence tomography angiography in myopic choroidal neovascularization: Agreement with conventional fluorescein angiography

      Structural and optical coherence tomography angiography in myopic choroidal neovascularization: Agreement with conventional fluorescein angiography

      Purpose: To evaluate the agreement between fluorescein angiography and structural optical coherence tomography in diagnosing and monitoring the activity of myopic choroidal neovascularization and to provide a comparative analysis with optical coherence tomography angiography. Methods: Thirteen patients with active myopic choroidal neovascularization were prospectively enrolled. At the baseline, 2-month, and 6-month visits, each patient underwent a complete ophthalmological examination, including best-corrected visual acuity assessment, fundus examination, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography with structural and angiographic assessment. Sensitivity and specificity for all optical coherence tomography parameters were evaluated taking fluorescein angiography as the reference examination. Results: At the baseline, fluorescein ...

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    15. Optical coherence tomography angiography and arterial hypertension: A role in identifying subclinical microvascular damage?

      Optical coherence tomography angiography and arterial hypertension: A role in identifying subclinical microvascular damage?

      Introduction: To evaluate retinal microvasculature modifications by means of optical coherence tomography angiography in human subjects diagnosed with arterial hypertension and to assess potential clinical relevance for early diagnosis. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 30 subjects affected by arterial hypertension compared to a matched cohort of healthy patients was conducted. Patients were evaluated by the Outpatient Clinic for Hypertension and the Retina Center, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy. Patients were divided into three groups: Group 1—healthy subjects, Group 2—patients first diagnosed with hypertension, and Group 3—patients with treated hypertension. Optical coherence tomography angiography was performed applying different ...

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    16. Assessment of Anterior Chamber by Ultrasound Biomicroscopy and Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients with Inflammatory Glaucoma

      Assessment of Anterior Chamber by Ultrasound Biomicroscopy and Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in Patients with Inflammatory Glaucoma

      Objective To investigate the clinical indications of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in eyes with inflammatory glaucoma. Methods Sixteen patients (16 eyes) with inflammatory glaucoma were analysed retrospectively. All of the subjects underwent UBM and AS-OCT scans, measuring the following parameters: central corneal thickness (CCT), central anterior chamber depth (ACD), angle-opening distance (AOD500), and trabecular-iris angle (TIA500) in four quadrants. Results Both the UBM and AS-OCT generated detailed, high-resolution images of the anterior segments of the eyes with inflammatory glaucoma. Moreover, the UBM and AS-OCT exhibited statistically similar measurement results for all of the indices ...

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    17. Optical Coherence Tomography, Fluorescein Angiography, and Electroretinography Features of Niacin Maculopathy: New Insight Into Pathogenesis

      Optical Coherence Tomography, Fluorescein Angiography, and Electroretinography Features of Niacin Maculopathy: New Insight Into Pathogenesis

      Purpose: We describe the features of niacin maculopathy in a 61-year old man using ocular coherence tomography (OCT), fluorescein angiography, and electroretinography (ERG). Methods: A case report is presented. Results: A 61-year-old male presented with decreased visual acuity. Cirrus OCT revealed bilateral cystic macular edema, without leakage on fluorescein angiography. Dark-adapted maximal-flash ERG demonstrated an absent b-wave. Light-adapted flicker responses revealed diminished amplitude and delayed implicit time (IT). Multifocal ERG demonstrated diffusely decreased amplitudes. Two months after discontinuation of niacin, OCT demonstrated complete resolution of the macular edema. Dark-adapted maximal-flash ERG showed improvement in the b-wave. Light-adapted flicker responses improved ...

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    18. Pattern electroretinogram changes in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma in correlation with visual field and optical coherence tomography changes

      Pattern electroretinogram changes in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma in correlation with visual field and optical coherence tomography changes

      Purpose: To study the pattern electroretinogram changes in primary open-angle glaucoma patients in correlation with visual field changes and optical coherence tomography measurements of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in the peripapillary region in an attempt to evaluate the clinical value of pattern electroretinogram as an objective test of functional deficit in glaucoma. Patients and Methods: The study included 81 eyes of 81 participants: 50 primary open-angle glaucoma patients, 16 primary open-angle glaucoma suspects, and 15 controls. All subjects underwent visual field testing using 24-2 Humphrey standard automated perimetry, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer average thickness using the 3.4-mm ...

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    19. Optical coherence tomography and multiple sclerosis: Update on clinical application and role in clinical trials

      Optical coherence tomography and multiple sclerosis: Update on clinical application and role in clinical trials

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has emerged as a fast, non-invasive, inexpensive, high-resolution imaging technique in multiple sclerosis (MS). Retinal layer quantification by OCT facilitates a ‘window’ into not only local retinal pathology but also global neurodegenerative processes, recognised to be the principal substrates of disability accumulation in MS. While OCT measures in MS have been demonstrated to reflect visual function, inflammatory activity outside of the visual pathways, disability measures including the prediction of disability progression, whole brain atrophy, and the differential neuroprotective effects of disease-modifying therapies, debate continues regarding the clinical utility of OCT in everyday practice. This review presents ...

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    20. Evaluation of acquired punctal stenosis using anterior segment optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of acquired punctal stenosis using anterior segment optical coherence tomography

      Background/objectives: The aim of this article was to study the lower punctum parameters in patients with acquired punctal stenosis using spectral-domain anterior segment optical coherence tomography. Subjects/methods: This was a prospective nonrandomized study that included two groups. Group 1 was composed of 32 puncta from 32 subjects (11 males and 21 females, aged 40–62 years) with epiphora and clinically diagnosed punctal stenosis. Group 2 (control group) included 30 puncta from 30 normal subjects (10 males and 20 females, aged 43–63 years). Anterior segment optical coherence tomography was employed to evaluate lower punctum parameters in all subjects ...

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    21. Retinal Vascular Changes on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Ultra-widefield Fluorescein Angiography in Patients With Chronic Leukemia

      Retinal Vascular Changes on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Ultra-widefield Fluorescein Angiography in Patients With Chronic Leukemia

      Purpose: This article describes pathological retinal vascular changes on multimodal imaging in patients with chronic leukemia. Methods: A prospective, observational study was conducted. Patients with chronic leukemia and concurrent leukocytosis were recruited from a tertiary-referral, academic medical center. Eligible patients received complete ophthalmic examinations and multimodal retinal imaging: spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography (UWF FA). Results: Six patients (11 eyes) were consecutively enrolled. At presentation, mean age was 56.9 years, median visual acuity was Snellen 20/20, and median leukocyte count was 114.5 K/mm 3 (upper limit of ...

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    22. Does Projection Artifact Removal Improve Visualization of Images in Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography?

      Does Projection Artifact Removal Improve Visualization of Images in Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography?

      Purpose: This study assesses the frequency of projection artifacts in optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) en face images and compares images before and after applying a 3-dimensional projection artifact removal (3D-PAR) algorithm. Methods: This is a single-center, retrospective study that included consecutive patients with any underlying diagnosis who had OCTA obtained from January to March 2017. Patients with various retinal diseases and also healthy eyes were included. All participants underwent imaging with a scan area of 3 mm × 3 mm. The 4 default en face slabs were analyzed: superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus (DCP), outer retina (OR), and ...

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    23. Subclinical neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder revealed by optical coherence tomography

      Subclinical neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder revealed by optical coherence tomography

      Background: Neuroretinal atrophy is associated with whole-brain atrophy and disease activity in multiple sclerosis (MS). Recent findings support that subclinical visual pathway involvement might also occur in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs). Objective: The objective of this study is to assess retinal thinning in MS and NMOSD and its association with disease activity. Methods: In total, 27 NMOSD and 54 propensity-score-matched MS patients underwent optical coherence tomography, visual acuity, and visual-evoked potentials at 2.4 years apart, in addition to routine clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessment. We excluded eyes with acute optic neuritis. Results: In NMOSD, we detected ...

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    24. Enhanced depth imaging in swept-source optical coherence tomography: Improving visibility of choroid and sclera, a masked study

      Enhanced depth imaging in swept-source optical coherence tomography: Improving visibility of choroid and sclera, a masked study

      Purpose To compare enhanced depth imaging in swept-source optical coherence tomography and non–enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography in their ability to capture choroidal and scleral details. Methods Averaged foveal B-Scans were obtained from 40 eyes of 20 healthy volunteers by swept-source optical coherence tomography with and without enhanced depth imaging. Visibility and contrast of vascular details within the choroid, choroidoscleral junction, and sclera were evaluated by masked readers using an ordinal scoring scale. Outcomes were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed rank-sum test. Results Visibility of the choroidal vascular details ( Z  = 5.94, p  < .001), the choroidoscleral junction ( Z ...

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