1. Articles from Journals

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    1. Serial changes in the side-branch ostial area after main-vessel stenting with kissing balloon inflation for coronary bifurcation lesions, assessed by 3D optical coherence tomography

      Serial changes in the side-branch ostial area after main-vessel stenting with kissing balloon inflation for coronary bifurcation lesions, assessed by 3D optical coherence tomography

      Aims We evaluated the influence of the jailing configuration and guidewire rewiring position in front of the side-branch (SB) ostium before kissing balloon inflation (KBI) against side-branch ostial area (SBOA) at follow-up using 3D optical coherence tomography (3D-OCT). Methods and results We retrospectively analysed the cases of the 37 consecutive patients who underwent main-vessel (MV) stenting with KBI for coronary bifurcation lesion under OCT guidance and the follow-up OCT 6–12 months. We divided the patients into two groups, considering both the jailing configuration and the rewiring position by 3D-OCT. We defined the cases that achieved both the distal rewiring ...

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      Mentions: Takayuki Okamura
    2. Coronary optical coherence tomography-derived virtual fractional flow reserve (FFR): anatomy and physiology all-in-one | European Heart Journal

      Coronary optical coherence tomography-derived virtual fractional flow reserve (FFR): anatomy and physiology all-in-one | European Heart Journal

      Most invasive coronary imaging modalities only provide anatomical information from which physiologic significance is inferred. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) and other physiologic indices of lesion severity are more reliable methods to identify physiologically significant lesions. Currently, accomplishing both anatomic and physiologic interrogation of an intermediate coronary stenosis requires the use of multiple devices within the coronary artery. Coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and FFR were performed in a left anterior descending artery harbouring an intermediate lesion. Quantitative coronary angiography (QAngio XA 7.3, Medis, the Netherlands) and OCT analysis were performed (QIvus 3.0, Medis, the Netherlands). Angiography and ...

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    3. Impact of coronary lumen reconstruction on the estimation of endothelial shear stress: in vivo comparison of three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography and three-dimensional fusion combining optical coherent tomography

      Impact of coronary lumen reconstruction on the estimation of endothelial shear stress: in vivo comparison of three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography and three-dimensional fusion combining optical coherent tomography

      Aims It is not clearly elucidated how the fusion technique improves the accuracy of endothelial shear stress (ESS) prediction, in comparison with that of three-dimensional (3D) quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) alone. We aimed to evaluate the difference in geometric measurements and haemodynamic estimation between 3D QCA and a 3D fusion model combining 3D QCA and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and results Computational fluid dynamics was assessed in the coronary models of 20 patients. In the plane-per-plane comparison, the difference and agreement were assessed using a generalized linear mixed model and concordance correlation coefficient (CCC), respectively. The haemodynamic feature around ...

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    4. Performance characteristics of optical coherence tomography in assessment of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal cancer: systematic review

      Performance characteristics of optical coherence tomography in assessment of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal cancer: systematic review

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can generate high-resolution images of the esophagus that allows cross-sectional visualization of esophageal wall layers. We conducted a systematic review to assess the utility of OCT for diagnosing of esophageal intestinal metaplasia (IM; Barrett's esophagus BE)), dysplasia, cancer and staging of early esophageal cancer. English language human observational studies and clinical trials published in PubMed and Embase were included if they assessed any of the following: (i) in-vivo features and accuracy of OCT at diagnosing esophageal IM, sub-squamous intestinal metaplasia (SSIM), dysplasia, or cancer, and (ii) accuracy of OCT in staging esophageal cancer. Twenty-one of ...

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    5. Report of an ESC-EAPCI Task Force on the evaluation and use of bioresorbable scaffolds for percutaneous coronary intervention: executive summary

      Report of an ESC-EAPCI Task Force on the evaluation and use of bioresorbable scaffolds for percutaneous coronary intervention: executive summary

      BRS require careful lesion assessment, to determine the need and extent of lesion preparation, as well as to select the appropriate size and length of the device. The use of pre-and post-procedural intracoronary imaging (Intravascular ultrasound, optical coherence tomography), as well as online quantitative coronary angiography, is encouraged to optimize device implantation. The use of BRS in heavily calcified vessels is strongly discouraged. Bioresorbable scaffolds should be avoided in stenoses with reference diameter smaller than 2.5 mm and in ostial lesions.

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    6. Optical coherence tomography or intravascular ultrasound to optimize coronary stent implantation

      Optical coherence tomography or intravascular ultrasound to optimize coronary stent implantation

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides high-resolution tomographic images of the coronary arteries. 1 , 2 Spatial resolution of OCT (∼15 μm) is 10 times better than that of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) (∼150 μm). 1 , 2 However, OCT needs complete blood clearance from the coronary lumen and, therefore, requires the use of contrast media. 1 , 2 OCT is unable to penetrate and see throughout red thrombus (that casts major dorsal shadowing) whereas IVUS is unable to see through heavily calcified plaques. IVUS has a deeper penetration on the vessel wall and, therefore, is better suited to detect...

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    7. Non-Newtonian pulsatile shear stress assessment: a method to differentiate bioresorbable scaffold platforms

      Non-Newtonian pulsatile shear stress assessment: a method to differentiate bioresorbable scaffold platforms

      In-vitro and in-sili co studies have shown that the implantation of coronary stent or scaffold induces changes in local haemodynamic microenvironment. Coronary angiography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) data were used to perform three-dimensional reconstruction of the right coronary of two healthy mini pigs after implantation of a 3.0 × 18 mm Absorb BVS with strut thickness of 157 µm (Abbott Vascular, USA) and 3.0 × 14 mm ArterioSorb with strut thickness of 95 µm (Arterius, UK) ( Figure ). Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) techniques were implemented to simulate pulsatile coronary blood flow. Quemada equation was implemented for shear-thinning blood rheology which ...

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    8. Cholangioport for optical coherence tomography imaging and photodynamic therapy of the cholangiocarcinoma

      Cholangioport for optical coherence tomography imaging and photodynamic therapy of the cholangiocarcinoma

      Introduction: Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is technology which can be used as criteria efficiency of Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) for cholangiocarcinoma. The prognosis of patients with cholangiocarcinomas is very poor and the first symptom is mechanical jaundice. The percutaneous transhepatic drainage is used in the first stage of treatment. It seemed to be an attractive idea to deliver light directly through the drainage. For doing that it was necessary to determine the possibility of tumor radiation by the semiconductor laser through the catheter wall. Methods: The aim of the first stage of research was to estimate the optimum transmission spectra and ...

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    9. Optical frequency domain imaging vs. intravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary intervention (OPINION trial): one-year angiographic and clinical results

      Optical frequency domain imaging vs. intravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary intervention (OPINION trial): one-year angiographic and clinical results

      Aims Optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) is a recently developed, light-based, high-resolution intravascular imaging technique. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a widely used, conventional imaging technique for guiding percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We aimed to demonstrate the non-inferiority of OFDI-guided PCI compared with IVUS-guided PCI in terms of clinical outcomes. Methods and results We did a prospective, multicentre, randomized (ratio 1:1), active-controlled, non-inferiority study to compare head-to-head OFDI vs. IVUS in patients undergoing PCI with a second generation drug-eluting stent. The primary endpoint was target vessel failure defined as a composite of cardiac death, target-vessel related myocardial infarction, and ischaemia-driven ...

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    10. Effects of statins on plaque rupture assessed by optical coherence tomography in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes: insights from the optical coherence tomography (OCT)-FORMIDABLE registry

      Effects of statins on plaque rupture assessed by optical coherence tomography in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes: insights from the optical coherence tomography (OCT)-FORMIDABLE registry

      Aims Chronic pre-treatment with statins may reduce mortality and morbidity in patients experiencing acute coronary syndromes (ACS), but mechanisms accounting for these findings are not completely understood. Methods and results The optical coherence tomography (OCT)-Formidable registry retrospectively enrolled 285 consecutive patients with ACS undergoing OCT in 9 European centres. Mean age was 60.4 ± 12.8 years, 148 (51.9%) patients had hyperlipemia, 45 (15.8%) diabetes mellitus and 142 (49.8%) presented with ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). Patients were stratified according to statin prescription: 150 (52.6%) were on chronic pre-treatment with statins before ACS and ...

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    11. Optical coherence tomography for strategy planning and staged optimization of spontaneous coronary artery dissection

      Optical coherence tomography for strategy planning and staged optimization of spontaneous coronary artery dissection

      A 49-year-old non-pregnant female, taking no hormonal replacement therapy, smoker, and with a family history of myocardial infarction, was admitted with inferior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Angiography of the right coronary artery demonstrated a diffuse tubular narrowing in the proximal segment ( A ). A spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD), type 2A, was suspected. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) demonstrated a large dissection, with the presence of a false double lumen and an associated diffuse circular haematoma, resulting in the compression of the true lumen ( B – C – D ). Because of ongoing ischaemia (ST-elevation and severe chest pain), the decision to stent the dissection ...

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    12. You can’t judge a book by its cover: a trivial angiographic image, an optical coherence tomography run and a surprising ending

      You can’t judge a book by its cover: a trivial angiographic image, an optical coherence tomography run and a surprising ending

      A 75 year-old man was hospitalized for recent onset of low-threshold effort dyspnoea and moderate reduction of the left ventricular ejection fraction (39%, 2 weeks before it measured 55%) with infero-postero-lateral ipokinesia and severe mitral regurgitation. His medical history included three-vessel coronary artery disease treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and implantation of drug eluting stents (DES) on the mid left anterior descending coronary artery, the mid left circumflex coronary artery and the distal right coronary artery (RCA).

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    13. Predictive value of plaque morphology assessed by frequency-domain optical coherence tomography for impaired microvascular perfusion after elective stent implantation: the intracoronary electrocardiogram study

      Predictive value of plaque morphology assessed by frequency-domain optical coherence tomography for impaired microvascular perfusion after elective stent implantation: the intracoronary electrocardiogram study

      Aims This study was undertaken to assess the association between plaque features at culprit lesions assessed by frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) and impaired microvascular perfusion estimated by intracoronary electrocardiogram (IcECG) after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Furthermore, we investigated whether IcECG could predict future cardiac events. Methods and results This study consisted of 84 patients who underwent both FD-OCT and IcECG during PCI. Patients were classified into two groups based on ST-segment elevation (ST-E) on IcECG after the procedure; ST-E (−) group ( n  = 53) and ST-E (+) group ( n  = 31). Minimum fibrous cap thickness was significantly thinner in the ST-E (+) group ...

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    14. Bas-relief in three dimensional optical coherence tomography: a novel sign after subintimal scaffolding in a chronic total occlusion

      Bas-relief in three dimensional optical coherence tomography: a novel sign after subintimal scaffolding in a chronic total occlusion

      A 69-years-old female with stable angina underwent percutaneous intervention of a chronic total occlusion (CTO) in the proximal right coronary artery (RCA) ( Panel A, Supplementary material online , Video S1 ). Septal collaterals supplied the distal vessel (Rentrop 3, CC1) ( Supplementary material online , Video S2 ).

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    15. Fate of post-procedural malapposition of everolimus-eluting polymeric bioresorbable scaffold and everolimus-eluting cobalt chromium metallic stent in human coronary arteries: sequential assessment with optical coherence tomography in ABSORB Japan trial

      Fate of post-procedural malapposition of everolimus-eluting polymeric bioresorbable scaffold and everolimus-eluting cobalt chromium metallic stent in human coronary arteries: sequential assessment with optical coherence tomography in ABSORB Japan trial

      Aims The natural course of post-procedural incomplete strut apposition (ISA) after the implantation of bioresorbable scaffolds (BVS) remains unknown. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the fate of post-procedural ISA after everolimus-eluting Absorb BVS in comparison with the second-generation everolimus-eluting cobalt chromium stent (CoCr-EES). Methods and results Fate of post-procedural ISA was evaluated by serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the ABSORB Japan randomized trial [OCT-1 subgroup: 110 paired lesions of post-procedure and 2-year follow-up (BVS 73 lesions vs. CoCr-EES 37 lesions)] with respect to ISA distance. Post-procedure ISA struts were categorized into either ‘resolved’ or ‘persistent ...

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    1-15 of 15
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