1. 1-24 of 81 1 2 3 4 »
    1. Diagnostic Accuracy of Imaging Devices in Glaucoma: A Meta-Analysis

      Diagnostic Accuracy of Imaging Devices in Glaucoma: A Meta-Analysis

      Imaging devices such as the Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph (HRT3), scanning laser polarimetry (GDx), and optical coherence tomography (OCT), play an important role in glaucoma diagnosis. A system a tic search for evidence-based data was performed for prospective studies evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of HRT3, GDx and OCT. The diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) was calculated. To compare the accuracy among instruments and parameters, a meta-analysis considering the hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic (H-SROC) model was performed. The risk of bias was assessed using quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS-2). Studies in the context of screening programs were used for qualitative ...

      Read Full Article
    2. Choroidal neovascularization in Malattia Leventinese diagnosed using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Choroidal neovascularization in Malattia Leventinese diagnosed using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Purpose To compare Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCT-A) with traditional multimodal imaging in patients with Malattia Leventinese Design Retrospective case series. Methods Eight eyes of four consecutive patients with Malattia Leventinese were retrospectively studied. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination including color fundus photography, fluorescein and indocyanine green angiographies, Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography and Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography. Results The choriocapillaris segmentation of OCT-A revealed the presence of a hyperflow signal corresponding to active choroidal neovascularization in 3 eyes and inactive choroidal neovascularization in one eye. Traditional multimodal imaging did not show each vascular layer and any leakage ...

      Read Full Article
    3. Study of the Radial Peripapillary Capillary Network in Congenital Optic Disc Anomalies with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Study of the Radial Peripapillary Capillary Network in Congenital Optic Disc Anomalies with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Abstract Purpose To evaluate the radial peripapillary capillary network with optical coherence tomography angiography (angio-OCT) in morning glory syndrome (MGS), optic disc colobomas and optic disc pits, and to explore possible correlations between the neural vascular structure and the pathogenesis of congenital optic disc anomalies. Design Prospective observational comparative case series. Methods Fifteen eyes of 15 patients with congenital optic disc anomalies were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent angio-OCT. The scans were centered on optic discs. Results The mean age at presentation was 33 years (range: 19–50 years). Congenital optic disc anomalies were identified in all 15 ...

      Read Full Article
    4. Difference in Vascular Response between Sirolimus-eluting- and Everolimus-eluting Stents in Ostial Left Circumflex Artery after Unprotected Left Main as Observed by

      Difference in Vascular Response between Sirolimus-eluting- and Everolimus-eluting Stents in Ostial Left Circumflex Artery after Unprotected Left Main as Observed by

      Background Kissing-balloon technique (KBT) is commonly performed during percutaneous coronary intervention of distal unprotected left main coronary artery (ULM) aiming at obtaining optimal opening of the side branch (left circumflex artery; LCX) ostium. Nonetheless, detailed evaluation of vascular response to stents in LCX ostium is lacking. We therefore evaluated the vascular response to different drug-eluting stents (DES) in ostial LCX after ULM by means of optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods We prospectively enrolled 38 consecutive patients with ULM disease, whom were treated with single-stent procedure using DES, crossover the ULM-left anterior descending artery (LAD) following by KBT. Twelve patients were ...

      Read Full Article
    5. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and retinal microvascular ramification in AMN and PAMM

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and retinal microvascular ramification in AMN and PAMM

      The recent review by Bhavsar and colleagues 2 on Acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) makes important points drawing on the availability of new multimodal imaging modalities. We agree with the concept that capillary plexus ischemia causes AMN and Paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM). In this context the authors make a convincing point for the future role optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography (OCTA) likely will play in the diagnostic work up.

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: Axel Petzold
    6. Insights into epiretinal membranes: presence of ectopic inner foveal layers and a new optical coherence tomography staging scheme

      Insights into epiretinal membranes: presence of ectopic inner foveal layers and a new optical coherence tomography staging scheme

      Abstract Purpose To describe the presence of continuous ectopic inner foveal layers associated with epiretinal membranes (ERMs) and to present a new optical coherence tomography (OCT) staging system of ERMs. Design Retrospective multicenter observational case series. Methods Clinical charts and Spectral-Domain OCT images of 194 eyes of 172 consecutive patients diagnosed with ERMs were reviewed and analyzed. Results The presence of continuous ectopic inner foveal layers was identified in 63 out of 194 eyes (32.5%) and this morphology was significantly associated with lower visual acuity. ERMs were divided in four stages. Stage 1 (43 out of 194 eyes, 22 ...

      Read Full Article
    7. Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography–Derived Characteristics of Bruch Membrane Opening in a Young Adult Australian Population

      Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography–Derived Characteristics of Bruch Membrane Opening in a Young Adult Australian Population

      Purpose To characterize and quantify Bruch membrane opening (BMO)-based optic nerve head (ONH) parameters in a large, young and healthy, predominantly white population. Design Cross-sectional study and reliability analysis. Methods The ONH of 1344 predominantly white subjects were imaged with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). A customized script, coded in Matlab, was used to manually segment and measure multiple BMO-based parameters of the ONH. Measurements were compared to those obtained with confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (Heidelberg Retina Tomograph; HRT). Regression analysis was performed to assess the relationship between BMO parameters and other ocular and demographic variables. Results Mean BMO ...

      Read Full Article
    8. Optic Nerve Head Drusen Prevalence and Associated Factors in Clinically Normal Subjects Measured Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Optic Nerve Head Drusen Prevalence and Associated Factors in Clinically Normal Subjects Measured Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Aim: The purpose of this study is to establish a normative database of subfoveal choroidal thickness (CT) in healthy young Indians using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT). Evaluation and comparison of CT of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and fellow eyes were also performed. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective, cross-sectional, and observational study. It included 112 normal eyes of 112 healthy volunteers who had no evidence of ocular or systemic disease, 84 CSC eyes with acute, treatment-naïve CSC, and 69 fellow eyes with no evidence of neurosensory detachment or pigment epithelium detachment on SD OCT. Complete ...

      Read Full Article
    9. Estimating OCT Structural Measurement Floors to Improve Detection of Progression In Advanced Glaucoma

      Estimating OCT Structural Measurement Floors to Improve Detection of Progression In Advanced Glaucoma

      Purpose “Floor effects” in retinal imaging are defined as the points at which no further structural loss can be detected. We estimated the measurement floors for spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) measurements and compared global change over time in advanced glaucoma eyes. Design Validity study to investigate measurement floors. Methods A longitudinal “Variability Group” of 41 eyes with moderate to advanced glaucoma (SAP MD ≤ -8 dB) was used to estimate measurement floors. Minimum rim width (MRW), ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thickness (GC-IPLT) and circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (cpRNFLT) were determined. Floors were defined as the average image area ...

      Read Full Article
    10. Quantification of Diabetic Macular Ischemia Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Its Relationship with Visual Acuity

      Quantification of Diabetic Macular Ischemia Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Its Relationship with Visual Acuity

      Purpose To quantify foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area and macular vascular density objectively using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and to examine correlations with visual acuity in eyes with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the absence of diabetic macular edema. Design Retrospective observational case series. Participants Eighty-four eyes from 55 patients with DR and 34 control eyes from 27 age-matched healthy participants. Methods All eyes underwent OCTA (RTVue-XR Avanti; Optovue, Inc, Fremont, CA). Integrated automated algorithms were used to quantify FAZ area and macular vascular density. Main Outcome Measures FAZ area, vessel area density (VAD), vessel length density (VLD), and visual ...

      Read Full Article
    11. Choroidal neovascularization secondary to Best vitelliform macular dystrophy detected by optical coherence tomography angiography

      Choroidal neovascularization secondary to Best vitelliform macular dystrophy detected by optical coherence tomography angiography

      Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (VMD) is a hereditary condition that causes childhood-onset macular dystrophy. In rare cases, VMD is accompanied by formation of a choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM). We report a case of CNVM secondary to Best VMD in a 10-year-old boy that was detected using optical coherence tomography angiography, a new noninvasive diagnostic modality that detects motion contrast in repeated B-scans to identify blood flow within vessels.

      Read Full Article
    12. En face Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging for the Detection of Nascent Geographic Atrophy

      En face Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging for the Detection of Nascent Geographic Atrophy

      Purpose To determine if en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging can identify nascent geographic atrophy (nGA) in eyes with intermediate age-related macular degeneration (iAMD). Design Retrospective observational case series. Methods Patients with iAMD from the COMPLETE study at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute were evaluated to determine if nGA was present at baseline and at follow-up using high density Spectralis OCT B-scans and en face OCT images from the Cirrus OCT instrument. If available, additional en face OCT images and B-scans were analyzed at follow-up times beyond the 52-week period. Results A total of 37 eyes (27 patients) were ...

      Read Full Article
    13. Comparison between Widefield En Face Swept-Source OCT and Conventional Multimodal Imaging for the Detection of Reticular Pseudodrusen

      Comparison between Widefield En Face Swept-Source OCT and Conventional Multimodal Imaging for the Detection of Reticular Pseudodrusen

      Purpose The ability to detect reticular pseudodrusen (RPD)/subretinal drusenoid deposits (SDDs) using 12×12-mm widefield en face swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) imaging was compared with conventional multimodal imaging (color, fundus autofluorescence (FAF), and infrared reflectance [IR] imaging) in eyes with nonexudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Design Cross-sectional study. Participants Patients with nonexudative AMD were prospectively enrolled in an SS-OCT imaging study at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute. Methods On the same day, all participants underwent color, FAF, and IR fundus imaging, as well as imaging with a prototype Zeiss 100 kHz SS-OCT instrument (Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc, Dublin ...

      Read Full Article
    14. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Characteristics of Iris Melanocytic Tumors

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Characteristics of Iris Melanocytic Tumors

      Purpose To evaluate tumor vasculature with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in malignant iris melanomas and benign iris lesions. Design Cross-sectional observational clinical study. Participants Patients with iris lesions and healthy volunteers. Methods Eyes were imaged using OCTA systems operating at 1050- and 840-nm wavelengths. Three-dimensional OCTA scans were acquired. Iris melanoma patients treated with radiation therapy were imaged again after I-125 plaque brachytherapy at 6 and 18 months. Main Outcome Measures OCT and OCTA images, qualitative evaluation of iris and tumor vasculature, and quantitative vessel density. Results One eye each of 8 normal volunteers and 9 patients with iris ...

      Read Full Article
    15. Safety of optical coherence tomography in pediatric heart transplant patients

      Safety of optical coherence tomography in pediatric heart transplant patients

      Background Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a crucial problem after heart transplantation, in adults as well as in children. CAV is the main risk factor for a reduced long-term graft survival. The early diagnosis and treatment of CAV is essential for a successful long-term preservation of the donor heart. However, asymptomatic progression of CAV and concentric hyperplasia of the coronary arteries may complicate the early diagnosis by conventional measures. Intravascular imaging, such as are intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography (OCT), enables the diagnosis of early stage CAV. To date, there is little known about OCT in children. We present ...

      Read Full Article
    16. Comparison of two different sampling intervals for optical coherence tomography evaluation of neointimal healing response after coronary stent implantation

      Comparison of two different sampling intervals for optical coherence tomography evaluation of neointimal healing response after coronary stent implantation

      Optical coherence tomogra Background/Objectives Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is widely used for evaluation of healing response to stent implantation. We sought to test the agreement between the 1-mm and 0.6-mm sampling intervals for assessment of the percentage of uncovered and malapposed struts by OCT. Methods Thirty­eight patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome were randomized to receive either a titanium­nitride­oxide­coated stent (n = 19) or an everolimus­eluting stent (n = 19). Neointimal strut coverage and strut apposition were evaluated by OCT at 2­month follow­up. Two independent investigators performed offline OCT image analysis at 1 ...

      Read Full Article
    17. Mechanical abnormalities associated with first and second-generation drug eluting stent thrombosis analyzed by optical coherence tomography in the national PESTO French registry

      Mechanical abnormalities associated with first and second-generation drug eluting stent thrombosis analyzed by optical coherence tomography in the national PESTO French registry

      Background and objectives DES thrombosis may be triggered by different mechanisms that are difficult to identify by angiography alone. This work aimed to investigate and compare the characteristics of stent thrombosis (ST) between 1 st and 2 nd generation drug eluting stents (DES) among a large cohort of patients explored by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and results The PESTO study was a prospective national registry involving 29 French catheterization facilities. Patients with acute coronary syndromes were prospectively screened for presence of definite ST and analyzed by OCT after culprit lesion deocclusion The analysis involved 71 subjects including 34 patients ...

      Read Full Article
    18. Validating the usefulness of the 'Random Forests’ classifier to diagnose early glaucoma with optical coherence tomography

      Validating the usefulness of the 'Random Forests’ classifier to diagnose early glaucoma with optical coherence tomography

      Purpose To validate the usefulness of the 'Random Forests’ classifier to diagnose early glaucoma with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Method Design: Comparison of diagnostic algorithms Setting: multiple institutional practice Study participants Training dataset included 94 eyes of 94 open angle glaucoma (OAG) patients and 84 eyes of 84 normal subjects and testing dataset included 114 eyes of 114 OAG patients and 82 eyes of 82 normal subjects. In both groups, OAG eyes with mean deviation (MD) values better than -5.0 dB were included. Observation Procedure Using the training dataset, classifiers were built to discriminate between glaucoma and ...

      Read Full Article
    19. Enhanced Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography of Optic Nerve Head Drusen

      Enhanced Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography of Optic Nerve Head Drusen

      Purpose Enhanced depth imaging (EDI) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT) has been recognized as the most sensitive tool to diagnose optic nerve head drusen (ONHD). The relationship between OCT characteristics and visual loss has not been well documented. This study compares EDI SD OCT–determined morphologic characteristics of drusen in eyes with or without visual field (VF) defects. Design Descriptive study of patients attending the neuro-ophthalmology service of Moorfields Eye Hospital between January 2013 and October 2014. Subjects Patients with diagnosed ONHD and EDI SD OCT imaging of the optic nerve head. Methods Eyes with and without VF defects ...

      Read Full Article
    20. Automated segmentation errors when using optical coherence tomography to measure retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in glaucoma

      Automated segmentation errors when using optical coherence tomography to measure retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in glaucoma

      Purpose To characterize the error of optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness when using automated retinal layer segmentation algorithms without manual refinement. Design: cross-sectional study Methods Setting: glaucoma clinical practice. Study Population: 3490 scans from 412 eyes of 213 individuals with a diagnosis of glaucoma or glaucoma suspect. Observational Procedures: We used spectral domain OCT (Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) to measure RNFL thickness in a 6-degree peripapillary circle, and exported the native 'automated segmentation only' results. In addition, we exported the results after 'manual refinement' to correct errors in the automated segmentation of ...

      Read Full Article
    21. Optical Coherence Tomography Reflective Drusen Substructures Predict Progression to Geographic Atrophy in Age-related Macular Degeneration

      Optical Coherence Tomography Reflective Drusen Substructures Predict Progression to Geographic Atrophy in Age-related Macular Degeneration

      Purpose Structural and compositional heterogeneity within drusen comprising lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins have been previously described. We sought to detect and define phenotypic patterns of drusen heterogeneity in the form of optical coherence tomography–reflective drusen substructures (ODS) and examine their associations with age-related macular degeneration (AMD)–related features and AMD progression. Design Retrospective analysis in a prospective study. Participants Patients with intermediate AMD (n = 349) enrolled in the multicenter Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 (AREDS2) ancillary spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT) study. Methods Baseline SD OCT scans of 1 eye per patient were analyzed for the presence of ...

      Read Full Article
    22. Prediction of Postoperative Intraocular Lens Position with Angle-to-Angle Depth Using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

      Prediction of Postoperative Intraocular Lens Position with Angle-to-Angle Depth Using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose To evaluate the accuracy of a new formula for predicting postoperative anterior chamber depth (ACD) with preoperative angle-to-angle (ATA) depth using anterior segment (AS) optical coherence tomography (OCT) and to compare it with established methods. Design Retrospective consecutive case series. Participants Three hundred four eyes (276 patients) implanted with acrylic intraocular lenses (IOLs) were divided randomly into a training set (152 eyes) and a validation set (152 eyes). Methods Based on the training set data, the postoperative ACD measured 1 month after surgery was analyzed via multiple linear regression analysis with 5 preoperatively measured variables: ATA depth, ATA width ...

      Read Full Article
    23. Deep Retinal Layer Microvasculature Dropout Detected by the Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Glaucoma

      Deep Retinal Layer Microvasculature Dropout Detected by the Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Glaucoma

      Purpose To investigate factors associated with dropout of the parapapillary deep retinal layer microvasculature assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in glaucomatous eyes. Design Cross-sectional study. Participants Seventy-one eyes from 71 primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients with β-zone parapapillary atrophy (βPPA) enrolled in the Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study. Methods Parapapillary deep-layer microvasculature dropout was defined as a complete loss of the microvasculature located within the deep retinal layer of the βPPA from OCTA-derived optic nerve head vessel density maps by standardized qualitative assessment. Circumpapillary vessel density (cpVD) within the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) also was calculated using ...

      Read Full Article
    24. Optical coherence tomography: The next ACE in CTO interventions?

      Optical coherence tomography: The next ACE in CTO interventions?

      When used to guide percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), intracoronary imaging is associated with improved clinical outcomes [1–4]. Intracoronary imaging guidance during PCI reduces in-stent restenosis and repeat revascularization after bare-metal stent placement [1] and has been shown to reduce major adverse cardiac events (MACE), stent thrombosis, target vessel myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization after drug-eluting stent (DES) placement [2–4]. These benefits have been attributed to the use of larger diameter stents and more aggressive post-dilation when intracoronary imaging is used to guide PCI, thus achieving larger lumen areas within the stent than are achieved with angiographic guidance ...

      Read Full Article
    1-24 of 81 1 2 3 4 »
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks