1. 1-24 of 389 1 2 3 4 ... 15 16 17 »
    1. Deformation velocity imaging using optical coherence tomography and its applications to the cornea

      Deformation velocity imaging using optical coherence tomography and its applications to the cornea

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can monitor human donor corneas non-invasively during the de-swelling process following storage for corneal transplantation, but currently only resultant thickness as a function of time is extracted. To visualize and quantify the mechanism of de-swelling, we present a method exploiting the nanometer sensitivity of the Fourier phase in OCT data to image deformation velocities. The technique was demonstrated by non-invasively showing during de-swelling that osmotic flow through an intact epithelium is negligible and removing the endothelium approximately doubled the initial flow at that interface. The increased functional data further enabled the validation of a mathematical model ...

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      Mentions: Yalin Zheng
    2. Multi-directional optical coherence tomography for retinal imaging

      Multi-directional optical coherence tomography for retinal imaging

      We introduce multi-directional optical coherence tomography (OCT), a technique for investigation of the scattering properties of directionally reflective tissue samples. By combining the concepts of multi-channel and directional OCT, this approach enables simultaneous acquisition of multiple reflectivity depth-scans probing a mutual sample location from differing angular orientations. The application of multi-directional OCT in retinal imaging allows for in-depth investigations on the directional reflectivity of the retinal nerve fiber layer, Henle’s fiber layer and the photoreceptor layer. Major ophthalmic diseases (such as glaucoma or age-related macular degeneration) have been reported to alter the directional reflectivity properties of these retinal layers ...

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    3. Characterizing the optical properties of human brain tissue with high numerical aperture optical coherence tomography

      Characterizing the optical properties of human brain tissue with high numerical aperture optical coherence tomography

      Quantification of tissue optical properties with optical coherence tomography (OCT) has proven to be useful in evaluating structural characteristics and pathological changes. Previous studies primarily used an exponential model to analyze low numerical aperture (NA) OCT measurements and obtain the total attenuation coefficient for biological tissue. In this study, we develop a systematic method that includes the confocal parameter for modeling the depth profiles of high NA OCT, when the confocal parameter cannot be ignored. This approach enables us to quantify tissue optical properties with higher lateral resolution. The model parameter predictions for the scattering coefficients were tested with calibrated ...

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    4. Common-path phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography provides enhanced phase stability and detection sensitivity for dynamic elastography

      Common-path phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography provides enhanced phase stability and detection sensitivity for dynamic elastography

      Phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography (PhS-OCE) is an emerging optical technique to quantify soft-tissue biomechanical properties. We implemented a common-path OCT design to enhance displacement sensitivity and optical phase stability for dynamic elastography imaging. The background phase stability was greater in common-path PhS-OCE (0.24 ± 0.07nm) than conventional PhS-OCE (1.60 ± 0.11μm). The coefficient of variation for surface displacement measurements using conventional PhS-OCE averaged 11% versus 2% for common-path PhS-OCE. Young’s modulus estimates showed good precision (95% CIs) for tissue phantoms: 24.96 ± 2.18kPa (1% agar), 49.69 ± 4.87kPa (1.5% agar), and 116.08 ...

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    5. Automated detection of photoreceptor disruption in mild diabetic retinopathy on volumetric optical coherence tomography

      Automated detection of photoreceptor disruption in mild diabetic retinopathy on volumetric optical coherence tomography

      Diabetic retinopathy is a pathology where microvascular circulation abnormalities ultimately result in photoreceptor disruption and, consequently, permanent loss of vision. Here, we developed a method that automatically detects photoreceptor disruption in mild diabetic retinopathy by mapping ellipsoid zone reflectance abnormalities from en face optical coherence tomography images. The algorithm uses a fuzzy c-means scheme with a redefined membership function to assign a defect severity level on each pixel and generate a probability map of defect category affiliation. A novel scheme of unsupervised clustering optimization allows accurate detection of the affected area. The achieved accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were about 90 ...

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    6. Multi-shaping technique reduces sidelobe magnitude in optical coherence tomography

      Multi-shaping technique reduces sidelobe magnitude in optical coherence tomography

      Shaping methods that are commonly used in Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) can suppress sidelobe artifacts in the axial direction, but they typically broaden the mainlobe of the point spread function (PSF) and reduce the axial resolution. To improve OCT image quality without this tradeoff, we have developed a multi-shaping technique that reduces the axial sidelobe magnitude dramatically and achieves better axial resolution than conventional shaping methods. This technique is robust and compatible in various FD-OCT imaging systems. Testing of multi-shaping in three experimental settings shows that it reduced the axial sidelobe contribution by more than 8 dB and improved ...

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    7. Q-switch-pumped supercontinuum for ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography

      Q-switch-pumped supercontinuum for ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography

      In this Letter, we investigate the possibility of using a commercially available Q-switch-pumped supercontinuum (QS-SC) source, operating in the kilohertz regime, for ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography (UHR-OCT) in the 1300 nm region. The QS-SC source proves to be more intrinsically stable from pulse to pulse than a mode-locked-based SC (ML-SC) source while, at the same time, is less expensive. However, its pumping rate is lower than that used in ML-SC sources. Therefore, we investigate here specific conditions to make such a source usable for OCT. We compare images acquired with the QS-SC source and with a current state-of-the-art ...

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    8. Measurement of the absolute velocity of blood flow in early-stage chick embryos using spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Measurement of the absolute velocity of blood flow in early-stage chick embryos using spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive imaging modality that provides quantitative flow information with high spatial and temporal resolution. However, it is only sensitive to the flow velocity vector parallel to the incident beam. To calculate the absolute velocity, it is necessary to obtain the angle between the incident beam and flow field. In this paper, we describe a practical method to measure the Doppler angle based on the structural information of blood vessels extracted from spectral domain OCT images. In this method, a normal sectional scan of the vessel is performed where the probe beam is perpendicular ...

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    9. Serial optical coherence scanning reveals an association between cardiac function and the heart architecture in the aging rodent heart

      Serial optical coherence scanning reveals an association between cardiac function and the heart architecture in the aging rodent heart

      Normal aging is accompanied by structural changes in the heart architecture. To explore this remodeling, we used a serial optical coherence tomography scanner to image entire mouse hearts at micron scale resolution. Ex vivo hearts of 7 young (4 months) and 5 old (24 months) C57BL/6 mice were acquired with the imaging platform. OCT of the myocardium revealed myofiber orientation changing linearly from the endocardium to the epicardium. In old mice, this rate of change was lower when compared to young mice while the average volume of old mice hearts was significantly larger (p<0.05). Myocardial wall thickening ...

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    10. Quantitative measurement of subsurface damage with self-referenced spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Quantitative measurement of subsurface damage with self-referenced spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      In this work, we present the three-dimensional reconstruction of the subsurface damage (SSD) within the optical components at the level of several microns with a self-referenced spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) system, from which the quantitative information, including the maximum depth, the cluster depth, the shape, the size and the damage density, can be acquired. First, to compare the actual maximum depths with the ones computed by the formulas for predicting the maximum depth, the theoretical and empirical formulas proposed so far were summarized. The values of the maximum depths of SSD within eight samples were then measured. It ...

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    11. Automated drusen detection in dry age-related macular degeneration by multiple-depth, en face optical coherence tomography

      Automated drusen detection in dry age-related macular degeneration by multiple-depth, en face optical coherence tomography

      We introduce a method to automatically detect drusen in dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) from optical coherence tomography with minimum need for layer segmentation. The method is based on the en face detection of drusen areas in C-scans at certain distances above the Bruch’s membrane, circumventing the difficult task of pathologic retinal pigment epithelium segmentation. All types of drusen can be detected, including the challenging subretinal drusenoid deposits (pseudodrusen). The high sensitivity and accuracy demonstrated here shows its potential for detection of drusen onset in early AMD.

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    12. Noninvasive structural and microvascular anatomy of oral mucosae using handheld optical coherence tomography

      Noninvasive structural and microvascular anatomy of oral mucosae using handheld optical coherence tomography

      In this study, we demonstrated the feasibility of using a handheld optical coherence tomography (OCT) for in vivo visualizations of the microstructural and microvascular features of various oral mucosal types. To scan arbitrary locations of the oral mucosa, a scanning probe was developed, composed of a probe body fabricated by a 3D printer, miniaturized two-axis galvanometer, relay lenses, and reflective prism. With a 3D printing technique, the probe weight and the system volume were greatly reduced, enabling the effective improvement of imaging artifacts from unconscious motion and system complexity. Additionally, in our design, the distal end of the probe can ...

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    13. Effect of tissue frozen on quantitative optical properties using optical coherence tomography

      Effect of tissue frozen on quantitative optical properties using optical coherence tomography

      The purpose is to demonstrate the optical charactering concerning nasopharyngeal tissue of pig by fresh sections and frozen correlating sections with optical coherence tomography (OCT). After being imaged on a fresh specimen, samples are then stored in low temperature refrigerators ( − 80 ° C −80°C ) for one year for the second OCT measurement. The OCT structure of the epithelium, lamina propria, and the basement membrane are still resolvable; the median scattering coefficients and anisotropy factors fitting from OCT images based on the multiple scattering effects for epithelium are 27.6    mm − 1 27.6  mm−1 [interquartile range (IQR) 23.6 ...

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    14. Frequency-constrained robust principal component analysis: a sparse representation approach to segmentation of dynamic features in optical coherence tomography imaging

      Frequency-constrained robust principal component analysis: a sparse representation approach to segmentation of dynamic features in optical coherence tomography imaging

      Sparse representation theory is an exciting area of research with recent applications in medical imaging and detection, segmentation, and quantitative analysis of biological processes. We present a variant on the robust-principal component analysis (RPCA) algorithm, called frequency constrained RPCA (FC-RPCA), for selectively segmenting dynamic phenomena that exhibit spectra within a user-defined range of frequencies. The algorithm lacks subjective parameter tuning and demonstrates robust segmentation in datasets containing multiple motion sources and high amplitude noise. When tested on 17 ex-vivo , time lapse optical coherence tomography (OCT) B-scans of human ciliated epithelium, segmentation accuracies ranged between 91–99% and consistently out-performed traditional ...

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    15. Improving lateral resolution and image quality of optical coherence tomography by the multi-frame superresolution technique for 3D tissue imaging

      Improving lateral resolution and image quality of optical coherence tomography by the multi-frame superresolution technique for 3D tissue imaging

      The multi-frame superresolution technique is introduced to significantly improve the lateral resolution and image quality of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Using several sets of low resolution C-scan 3D images with lateral sub-spot-spacing shifts on different sets, the multi-frame superresolution processing of these sets at each depth layer reconstructs a higher resolution and quality lateral image. Layer by layer processing yields an overall high lateral resolution and quality 3D image. In theory, the superresolution processing including deconvolution can solve the diffraction limit, lateral scan density and background noise problems together. In experiment, the improved lateral resolution by ~3 times ...

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    16. Automated segmentation and quantification of airway mucus with endobronchial optical coherence tomography

      Automated segmentation and quantification of airway mucus with endobronchial optical coherence tomography

      We propose a novel suite of algorithms for automatically segmenting the airway lumen and mucus in endobronchial optical coherence tomography (OCT) data sets, as well as a novel approach for quantifying the contents of the mucus. Mucus and lumen were segmented using a robust, multi-stage algorithm that requires only minimal input regarding sheath geometry. The algorithm performance was highly accurate in a wide range of airway and noise conditions. Mucus was classified using mean backscattering intensity and grey level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) statistics. We evaluated our techniques in vivo in asthmatic and non-asthmatic volunteers.

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    17. ELHnet: a convolutional neural network for classifying cochlear endolymphatic hydrops imaged with optical coherence tomography

      ELHnet: a convolutional neural network for classifying cochlear endolymphatic hydrops imaged with optical coherence tomography

      Detection of endolymphatic hydrops is important for diagnosing Meniere’s disease, and can be performed non-invasively using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in animal models as well as potentially in the clinic. Here, we developed ELHnet, a convolutional neural network to classify endolymphatic hydrops in a mouse model using learned features from OCT images of mice cochleae. We trained ELHnet on 2159 training and validation images from 17 mice, using only the image pixels and observer-determined labels of endolymphatic hydrops as the inputs. We tested ELHnet on 37 images from 37 mice that were previously not used, and found that the ...

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    18. Vascular patterning of subcutaneous mouse fibrosarcomas expressing individual VEGF isoforms can be differentiated using angiographic optical coherence tomography

      Vascular patterning of subcutaneous mouse fibrosarcomas expressing individual VEGF isoforms can be differentiated using angiographic optical coherence tomography

      Subcutaneously implanted experimental tumors in mice are commonly used in cancer research. Despite their superficial location, they remain a challenge to image non-invasively at sufficient spatial resolution for microvascular studies. Here we evaluate the capabilities of optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography for imaging such tumors directly through the murine skin in-vivo. Data sets were collected from mouse tumors derived from fibrosarcoma cells genetically engineered to express only single splice variant isoforms of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF); either VEGF120 or VEGF188 (fs120 and fs188 tumors respectively). Measured vessel diameter was found to be significantly (p<0.001) higher for ...

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    19. Comparison and combination of rotational imaging optical coherence tomography and selective plane illumination microscopy for embryonic study

      Comparison and combination of rotational imaging optical coherence tomography and selective plane illumination microscopy for embryonic study

      Several optical imaging techniques have been applied for high-resolution embryonic imaging using different contrast mechanisms, each with their own benefits and limitations. In this study, we imaged the same E9.5 mouse embryo with rotational imaging optical coherence tomography (RI-OCT) and selective plane illumination microscopy (SPIM). RI-OCT overcomes optical penetration limits of traditional OCT imaging that prohibit full-body imaging of mouse embryos at later stages by imaging the samples from multiple angles. SPIM enables high-resolution, 3D imaging with less phototoxicity and photobleaching than laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) by illuminating the sample with a focused sheet of light. Side by ...

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    20. Automatic spectral calibration for polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Automatic spectral calibration for polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Accurate wavelength assignment is important for Fourier domain polarizationsensitive optical coherence tomography. Incorrect wavelength mapping between the orthogonal horizontal (H) and vertical (V) polarization channels leads to broadening the axial point spread function and generating polarization artifacts. To solve the problem, we propose an automatic spectral calibration method by seeking the optimal calibration coefficient between wavenumber kH and kV. The method first performs a rough calibration to get the relationship between the wavelength λ and the pixel number x of the CCD for each channel. And then a precise calibration is taken to bring both polarization interferograms in the same k ...

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    21. Simultaneous, label-free, multispectral fluorescence lifetime imaging and optical coherence tomography using a double-clad fiber

      Simultaneous, label-free, multispectral fluorescence lifetime imaging and optical coherence tomography using a double-clad fiber

      We present a novel fiber-based imaging platform that allows simultaneous fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) using a double-clad fiber. This platform acquires co-registered images showing structural and compositional contrast in unlabeled biological samples by scanning the fiber tip across the sample surface. In this Letter, we report a characterization of each modality and show examples of co-registered FLIm and OCT images acquired from a lemon segment and a section of human coronary artery. The close comparison between the combined FLIm and OCT images and a co-registered histology section provides a qualitative validation of the technique and ...

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    22. Endoscopic optical coherence tomography with a focus-adjustable probe

      Endoscopic optical coherence tomography with a focus-adjustable probe

      We present a focus-adjustable endoscopic probe for optical coherence tomography (OCT), which is able to acquire images with different focal planes and overcome depth-of-focus limitations by image fusing. The use of a two-way shape-memory-alloy spring enables the probe to adjust working distance over 1.5 mm, providing a large scanning range with high resolution and no sensitivity loss. Equipped with a homemade hollow-core ultrasonic motor, the probe is capable of performing an unobstructed 360 deg field-of-view distal scanning. Both the axial resolution and the best lateral resolution are ∼ 4    μm ∼4  μm , with a sensitivity of 100.3 dB. Spectral-domain ...

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    23. Generation and optimization of superpixels as image processing kernels for Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Generation and optimization of superpixels as image processing kernels for Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Jones matrix-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (JM-OCT) simultaneously measures optical intensity, birefringence, degree of polarization uniformity, and OCT angiography. The statistics of the optical features in a local region, such as the local mean of the OCT intensity, are frequently used for image processing and the quantitative analysis of JM-OCT. Conventionally, local statistics have been computed with fixed-size rectangular kernels. However, this results in a trade-off between image sharpness and statistical accuracy. We introduce a superpixel method to JM-OCT for generating the flexible kernels of local statistics. A superpixel is a cluster of image pixels that is formed by ...

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    24. Dual-beam manually-actuated distortion-corrected imaging (DMDI) with micromotor catheters

      Dual-beam manually-actuated distortion-corrected imaging (DMDI) with micromotor catheters

      e present a new paradigm for performing two-dimensional scanning called dual-beam manually-actuated distortion-corrected imaging (DMDI). DMDI operates by imaging the same object with two spatially-separated beams that are being mechanically scanned rapidly in one dimension with slower manual actuation along a second dimension. Registration of common features between the two imaging channels allows remapping of the images to correct for distortions due to manual actuation. We demonstrate DMDI using a 4.7 mm OD rotationally scanning dual-beam micromotor catheter (DBMC). The DBMC requires a simple, one-time calibration of the beam paths by imaging a patterned phantom. DMDI allows for distortion ...

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    1-24 of 389 1 2 3 4 ... 15 16 17 »
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