1. 1-24 of 520 1 2 3 4 ... 20 21 22 »
    1. Cellular-scale evaluation of induced photoreceptor degeneration in the living primate eye

      Cellular-scale evaluation of induced photoreceptor degeneration in the living primate eye

      Progress is needed in developing animal models of photoreceptor degeneration and evaluating such models with longitudinal, noninvasive techniques. We employ confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and high-resolution retinal imaging to noninvasively observe the retina of non-human primates with induced photoreceptor degeneration. Photoreceptors were imaged at the single-cell scale in three modalities of adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscopy: traditional confocal reflectance, indicative of waveguiding; a non-confocal offset aperture technique visualizing scattered light; and two-photon excited fluorescence, the time-varying signal of which, at 730 nm excitation, is representative of visual cycle function. Assessment of photoreceptor structure and function using ...

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    2. Megahertz-rate optical coherence tomography angiography improves the contrast of the choriocapillaris and choroid in human retinal imaging

      Megahertz-rate optical coherence tomography angiography improves the contrast of the choriocapillaris and choroid in human retinal imaging

      Angiographic imaging of the human eye with optical coherence tomography (OCT) is becoming an increasingly important tool in the scientific investigation and clinical management of several blinding diseases, including age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. We have observed that OCT angiography (OCTA) of the human choriocapillaris and choroid with a 1.64 MHz A-scan rate swept-source laser yields higher contrast images as compared to a slower rate system operating at 100 kHz. This result is unexpected because signal sensitivity is reduced when acquisition rates are increased, and the incident illumination power is kept constant. The contrast of angiography images generated ...

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    3. Complex master-slave for long axial range swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Complex master-slave for long axial range swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Using complex master-slave interferometry, we demonstrate extended axial range optical coherence tomography for two commercially available swept sources, well beyond the limit imposed by their k -clocks. This is achieved without k -domain re-sampling and without engaging any additional Mach-Zehnder interferometer providing a k -clock signal to the digitizer. An axial imaging range exceeding 17 mm with an attenuation of less than 30 dB is reported using two commercially available swept sources operating at 1050 nm and a 100 kHz repetition rate. This procedure has more than trebled the range achievable using the k -clock signal provided by the manufacturers ...

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    4. 70  μm diameter optical probe for common-path optical coherence tomography in air and liquids

      70  μm diameter optical probe for common-path optical coherence tomography in air and liquids

      We investigate and validate a novel method to fabricate ultrathin optical probes for common-path optical coherence tomography (CP-OCT). The probes are obtained using a 65 μm barium titanate microsphere inserted into an inward concave cone chemically etched at the end of a single-mode fiber. We demonstrate that the high refractive index (

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    5. Three-dimensional endoscopic OCT using sparse sampling with a miniature magnetic-driven scanning probe

      Three-dimensional endoscopic OCT using sparse sampling with a miniature magnetic-driven scanning probe

      We propose to apply sparse sampling and compressive sensing (CS) reconstruction in three-dimensional (3D) endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) to reduce the amount of data required in the imaging process. We used a homemade miniature side-imaging magnetic-driven scanning probe with an outer diameter of 1.4 mm in a 1310 nm swept-source OCT system to acquire two-dimensional (2D) circumferential cross-sectional images of an ex vivo pigeon trachea sample. 3D imaging is then achieved by reconstruction from the multiple 2D images acquired while pulling the sample with a translation stage. Given a total translation distance, we achieved sparse sampling by randomizing ...

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    6. Assessing the biomechanical properties of the porcine crystalline lens as a function of intraocular pressure with optical coherence elastography

      Assessing the biomechanical properties of the porcine crystalline lens as a function of intraocular pressure with optical coherence elastography

      In this study, we investigated the relationship between the biomechanical properties of the crystalline lens and intraocular pressure (IOP) using a confocal acoustic radiation force (ARF) and phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography (OCE) system. ARF induced a small displacement at the apex of porcine lenses in situ at various artificially controlled IOPs. Maximum displacement, relaxation rate, and Young’s modulus were utilized to assess the stiffness of the crystalline lens. The results showed that the stiffness of the crystalline increased as IOP increased, but the lens stiffening was not as significant as the stiffening of other ocular tissues such as the ...

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    7. Quantification of cerebral vascular perfusion density via optical coherence tomography based on locally adaptive regional growth

      Quantification of cerebral vascular perfusion density via optical coherence tomography based on locally adaptive regional growth

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography is a noninvasive imaging modality that produces volumetric views of blood flow perfusion in vivo with resolution at capillary level, which has been widely adopted to monitor cerebral perfusion status after stroke in experimental settings. Accurate quantification of cerebral perfusion from OCT angiograms is important for understanding the cerebral vascular pathophysiology and assessing the treatment of ischemic stroke. Quantification of blood vessels from OCT angiography faces some problems; one is uneven backscatter (which causes some blood vessels to be very bright, some very dark), and the other is that the brightness in the same blood ...

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      Mentions: Yi Wang
    8. Depolarization characteristics of spatial modes in imaging probe using short multimode fiber

      Depolarization characteristics of spatial modes in imaging probe using short multimode fiber

      Optical coherence tomography is one of the standard imaging modalities at present, widely used in the medical and biological fields to obtain three-dimensional (3D) images with high spatial resolution. However, the depth up to which the 3D images can be directly obtained is limited to within 3 mm. Therefore, the suitability of many kinds of catheters and needles has been considered for minimally invasive imaging. We have examined the utility of a short multimode fiber (SMMF) using graded index optical fibers for minimal invasive imaging of deeper areas, up to 6–8 mm. The diameter and length of the SMMF ...

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    9. 250 kHz, 1.5 µm resolution SD-OCT for in-vivo cellular imaging of the human cornea

      250 kHz, 1.5 µm resolution SD-OCT for in-vivo cellular imaging of the human cornea

      We present the first spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system that combines an isotropic imaging resolution of ~1.5 µm in biological tissue with a 250 kHz image acquisition rate, for in vivo non-contact, volumetric imaging of the cellular structure of the human cornea. OCT images of the healthy human cornea acquired with this system reveal the cellular structure of the corneal epithelium, cellular debris and mucin clusters in the tear film, the shape, size and spatial distribution of the sub-basal corneal nerves and keratocytes in the corneal stroma, as well as reflections from endothelial nuclei. The corneal images ...

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    10. Buffer-averaging super-continuum source based spectral domain optical coherence tomography for high speed imaging

      Buffer-averaging super-continuum source based spectral domain optical coherence tomography for high speed imaging

      In super-continuum (SC) source based spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SC-SDOCT), the stability of the power spectral density (PSD) has a significant impact on OCT system sensitivity and image signal to noise ratio (SNR). High speed imaging decreases the camera's exposure time, thus each A-scan contained fewer laser pulse excited SC wideband emissions, resulting in a decrease of SNR. In this manuscript, we present a buffer-averaging SC-SDOCT (BASC-SDOCT) to improve the system's performance without losing imaging speed, taking advantage of the excess output power from typical SC sources. In our proposed technique, the output light from SC was ...

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    11. Clinical feasibility of optical coherence micro-elastography for imaging tumor margins in breast-conserving surgery

      Clinical feasibility of optical coherence micro-elastography for imaging tumor margins in breast-conserving surgery

      It has been demonstrated that optical coherence micro-elastography (OCME) provides additional contrast of tumor compared to optical coherence tomography (OCT) alone. Previous studies, however, have predominantly been performed on mastectomy specimens. Such specimens typically differ substantially in composition and geometry from the more clinically relevant wide-local excision (WLE) specimens excised during breast-conserving surgery. As a result, it remains unclear if the mechanical contrast observed is maintained in WLE specimens. In this manuscript, we begin to address this issue by performing a feasibility study of OCME on 17 freshly excised, intact WLE specimens. In addition, we present two developments required to ...

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    12. Retinal optical coherence tomography image enhancement via deep learning

      Retinal optical coherence tomography image enhancement via deep learning

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of the retina are a powerful tool for diagnosing and monitoring eye disease. However, they are plagued by speckle noise, which reduces image quality and reliability of assessment. This paper introduces a novel speckle reduction method inspired by the recent successes of deep learning in medical imaging. We present two versions of the network to reflect the needs and preferences of different end-users. Specifically, we train a convolution neural network to denoise cross-sections from OCT volumes of healthy eyes using either (1) mean-squared error, or (2) a generative adversarial network (GAN) with Wasserstein distance and ...

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    13. Supercontinuum source-based multi-contrast optical coherence tomography for rat retina imaging

      Supercontinuum source-based multi-contrast optical coherence tomography for rat retina imaging

      This study proposed an ultrahigh-resolution multi-contrast optical coherence tomography system integrated with fundus photography for in vivo retinal imaging of rodents. A supercontinuum light source was used in the system, providing an axial resolution of less than 3 µm within 1.8 mm (in the tissue). Three types of tissue contrast based on backscattered intensity, phase retardation, and microvasculature at a capillary level can be simultaneously obtained using the proposed system. Pigmented Long-Evans, non-pigmented (albino) Sprague Dawley, and Royal College of Surgeons rats were imaged and compared. In vivo imaging results were validated with histology.

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    14. Attenuation correction assisted automatic segmentation for assessing choroidal thickness and vasculature with swept-source OCT

      Attenuation correction assisted automatic segmentation for assessing choroidal thickness and vasculature with swept-source OCT

      Swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) is being used more widely in clinical studies to investigate the choroid due to its deeper penetration under the retinal pigment epithelium and improved image quality compared with spectral domain OCT. However, automatic methods to reliably assess choroidal thickness and vasculature are still limited. This paper reports an approach that applies attenuation correction on SS-OCT structural scans to facilitate accurate automatic segmentation of the choroid and provides visualization of the choroidal vasculature without the necessity of OCT angiography. After attenuation correction, enhanced interlayer contrast at the choroidal-scleral interface was observed (from 0.13 ± 0 ...

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    15. Assessment of microvasculature flow state with a high speed all-optic dual-modal system of optical coherence tomography and photoacoustic imaging

      Assessment of microvasculature flow state with a high speed all-optic dual-modal system of optical coherence tomography and photoacoustic imaging

      We propose a high speed all-optic dual-modal system that combines spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) and photoacoustic imaging (PAI) to evaluate microvasculature flow states. A homodyne interferometer was used to remotely detect the surface vibration caused by photoacoustic (PA) waves. The PA excitation, PA probing and SDOCT probing beams share the same X-Y galvanometer scanner to perform fast two-dimensional scanning. In addition, we introduced multi-excitation, dual-channel acquisition and sensitivity compensation to improve the imaging speed of the PAI sub-system. The total time for imaging a sample with 256 × 256 pixels is less than 1 minute. The performance of the ...

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      Mentions: Yi Wang
    16. Heterogeneous Computation on Mobile Processor for Real-time Signal Processing and Visualization of Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      Heterogeneous Computation on Mobile Processor for Real-time Signal Processing and Visualization of Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      We have developed a high-performance signal-processing and image-rendering heterogeneous computation system for optical coherence tomography (OCT) on mobile processor. In this paper, we reveal it by demonstrating real-time OCT image processing using a Snapdragon 800 mobile processor, with the introduction of a heterogeneous image visualization architecture (HIVA) to accelerate the signal-processing and image-visualization procedures. HIVA has been designed to maximize the computational performances of a mobile processor by using a native language compiler, which targets mobile processor, to directly access mobile-processor computing resources and the open computing language (OpenCL) for heterogeneous computation. The developed mobile image processing platform requires only ...

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      Mentions: Korea University
    17. Multi-wavelength, en-face photoacoustic microscopy and optical coherence tomography imaging for early and selective detection of laser induced retinal vein occlusion

      Multi-wavelength, en-face photoacoustic microscopy and optical coherence tomography imaging for early and selective detection of laser induced retinal vein occlusion

      Multi-wavelength en face photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) was integrated with a spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) to evaluate optical properties of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and retinal neovascularization (RNV) in living rabbits. The multi-wavelength PAM of the RVO and RNV were performed at several wavelengths ranging from 510 to 600 nm. Rose Bengal-induced RVO and RNV were performed and evaluated on eight rabbits using color fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, OCT, and spectroscopic en face PAM. In vivo experiment demonstrates that the spectral variation of photoacoustic response was achieved. The location and the treatment margins of the occluded vasculature as well ...

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      Mentions: Wei Zhang
    18. Rodent retinal circulation organization and oxygen metabolism revealed by visible-light optical coherence tomography

      Rodent retinal circulation organization and oxygen metabolism revealed by visible-light optical coherence tomography

      Visible light optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT) is an emerging label-free and high-resolution 3-dimensional imaging technique that can provide retinal oximetry, angiography, and flowmetry in one modality. In this paper, we studied the organization of the arterial and venous retinal circulation in rats using vis-OCT. Arterioles were found predominantly in the superficial vascular plexus whereas veins tended to drain capillaries from the deep capillary plexus. After that, we determined the oxygen metabolic rate supported by retinal microcirculation by combining retinal vessel oxygen saturation and blood flow measurements. The ability to visualize and monitor retinal circulation organization and oxygen metabolism by vis-OCT ...

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    19. Depth-multiplexed optical coherence tomography dual-beam manually-actuated distortion-corrected imaging (DMDI) with a micromotor catheter

      Depth-multiplexed optical coherence tomography dual-beam manually-actuated distortion-corrected imaging (DMDI) with a micromotor catheter

      We present a new micromotor catheter implementation of dual-beam manually-actuated distortion-corrected imaging (DMDI). The new catheter called a depth-multiplexed dual-beam micromotor catheter, or mDBMC, maintains the primary advantage of unlimited field-of-view distortion-corrected imaging along the catheter axis. The mDBMC uses a polarization beam splitter and cube mirror to create two beams that scan circularly with approximately constant separation at the catheter surface. This arrangement also multiplexes both imaging channels into a single optical coherence tomography channel by offsetting them in depth, requiring half the data bandwidth compared to previous DMDI demonstrations that used two parallel image acquisition systems. Furthermore, the ...

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    20. Full-depth compressive sensing spectral-domain optical coherence tomography based on a compressive dispersion encoding method

      Full-depth compressive sensing spectral-domain optical coherence tomography based on a compressive dispersion encoding method

      By combining the advantages of compressive sensing optical coherence tomography (OCT) and full-depth OCT in terms of imaging time and imaging depth, we demonstrate how compressive sampling and dispersion encoding can be simultaneously used to reconstruct a full-depth OCT image. Moreover, by considering the image processing speed, we propose a two-step compressive dispersion encoding (TCDE) method, in which a large dispersion imbalance is introduced between the reference arm and the sample arm and two iterations are performed. The first iteration selects the signals with higher intensity and then removes their conjugate items and incoherent aliasing artifacts caused by undersampling based ...

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    21. Robust reconstruction of local optic axis orientation with fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Robust reconstruction of local optic axis orientation with fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      It is challenging to recover local optic axis orientation from samples probed with fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). In addition to the effect of preceding tissue layers, the transmission through fiber and system elements, and imperfect system alignment, need to be compensated. Here, we present a method to retrieve the required correction factors from measurements with depth-multiplexed PS-OCT, which accurately measures the full Jones matrix. The correction considers both retardation and diattenuation and is applied in the wavenumber domain, preserving the axial resolution of the system. The robustness of the method is validated by measuring a birefringence phantom with ...

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    22. Optic axis mapping with catheter-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Optic axis mapping with catheter-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Birefringence offers an intrinsic contrast mechanism related to the microstructure and arrangement of fibrillary tissue components. Here we present a reconstruction strategy to recover not only the scalar amount of birefringence, but also its optic axis orientation as a function of depth in tissue from measurements with catheter-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography. A polarization symmetry constraint, intrinsic to imaging in the backscatter direction, facilitates the required compensation for wavelength-dependent transmission through the system elements, the rotating catheter, and overlying tissue layers. Applied to the intravascular imaging of coronary atherosclerosis in human patients, the optic axis affords refined interpretation of plaque ...

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    23. Mapping the phase and amplitude of ossicular chain motion using sound-synchronous optical coherence vibrography

      Mapping the phase and amplitude of ossicular chain motion using sound-synchronous optical coherence vibrography

      The sound-driven vibration of the tympanic membrane and ossicular chain of middle-ear bones is fundamental to hearing. Here we show that optical coherence tomography in phase synchrony with a sound stimulus is well suited for volumetric, vibrational imaging of the ossicles and tympanic membrane. This imaging tool — OCT vibrography — provides intuitive motion pictures of the ossicular chain and how they vary with frequency. Using the chinchilla ear as a model, we investigated the vibrational snapshots and phase delays of the manubrium, incus, and stapes over 100 Hz to 15 kHz. The vibrography images reveal a previously undescribed mode of motion ...

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    24. Automated identification of cone photoreceptors in adaptive optics optical coherence tomography images using transfer learning

      Automated identification of cone photoreceptors in adaptive optics optical coherence tomography images using transfer learning

      Automated measurements of the human cone mosaic requires the identification of individual cone photoreceptors. The current gold standard, manual labeling, is a tedious process and can not be done in a clinically useful timeframe. As such, we present an automated algorithm for identifying cone photoreceptors in adaptive optics optical coherence tomography (AO-OCT) images. Our approach fine-tunes a pre-trained convolutional neural network originally trained on AO scanning laser ophthalmoscope (AO-SLO) images, to work on previously unseen data from a different imaging modality. On average, the automated method correctly identified 94% of manually labeled cones when compared to manual raters, from twenty ...

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    1-24 of 520 1 2 3 4 ... 20 21 22 »
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