1. 1-24 of 439 1 2 3 4 ... 17 18 19 »
    1. Endoscopic optical coherence tomography enables morphological and subnanometer vibratory imaging of the porcine cochlea through the round window

      Endoscopic optical coherence tomography enables morphological and subnanometer vibratory imaging of the porcine cochlea through the round window

      A highly phase stable hand-held (HH) endoscopic system has been developed for optical coherence tomography and vibrometry. Designed to transit the ear canal to the middle ear space and peer through the round window (RW), it is capable of imaging the vibratory function of the cochlear soft tissues with subnanometer scale sensitivity. A side-looking, 9 cm long rigid endoscope with a distal diameter of 1.2 mm, was able to fit within the RW niche and provide imaging access. The phase stability was achieved in part by fully integrating a Michelson interferometer into the HH device. Ex vivo imaging of ...

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    2. Sub-clinical assessment of atopic dermatitis severity using angiographic optical coherence tomography

      Sub-clinical assessment of atopic dermatitis severity using angiographic optical coherence tomography

      Measurement of sub-clinical atopic dermatitis (AD) is important for determining how long therapies should be continued after clinical clearance of visible AD lesions. An important biomarker of subclinical AD is epidermal hypertrophy, the structural measures of which often make optical coherence tomography (OCT) challenging due to the lack of a clearly delineated dermal-epidermal junction in AD patients. Alternatively, angiographic OCT measurements of vascular depth and morphology may represent a robust biomarker for quantifying the severity of clinical and sub clinical AD. To investigate this, angiographic data sets were acquired from 32 patients with a range of AD severities. Deeper vascular ...

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    3. Robust wavenumber and dispersion calibration for Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography

      Robust wavenumber and dispersion calibration for Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography

      Many Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) systems sample the interference fringes with a non-uniform wavenumber ( k ) interval, introducing a chirp to the signal that depends on the path length difference underlying each fringe. A dispersion imbalance between sample and reference arms also generates a chirp in the fringe signal which, in contrast, is independent of depth. Fringe interpolation to obtain a signal linear in k and compensate dispersion imbalance is critical to achieving bandwidth-limited axial resolution. In this work, we propose an optimization-based algorithm to perform robust and automated calibration of FD-OCT systems, recovering both the interpolation function and the ...

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    4. Multispectral analog-mean-delay fluorescence lifetime imaging combined with optical coherence tomography

      Multispectral analog-mean-delay fluorescence lifetime imaging combined with optical coherence tomography

      The pathophysiological progression of chronic diseases, including atherosclerosis and cancer, is closely related to compositional changes in biological tissues containing endogenous fluorophores such as collagen, elastin, and NADH, which exhibit strong autofluorescence under ultraviolet excitation. Fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) provides robust detection of the compositional changes by measuring fluorescence lifetime, which is an inherent property of a fluorophore. In this paper, we present a dual-modality system combining a multispectral analog-mean-delay (AMD) FLIm and a high-speed swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) to simultaneously visualize the cross-sectional morphology and biochemical compositional information of a biological tissue. Experiments using standard fluorescent solutions showed ...

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    5. Compact akinetic swept source optical coherence tomography angiography at 1060 nm supporting a wide field of view and adaptive optics imaging modes of the posterior eye

      Compact akinetic swept source optical coherence tomography angiography at 1060 nm supporting a wide field of view and adaptive optics imaging modes of the posterior eye

      Imaging of the human retina with high resolution is an essential step towards improved diagnosis and treatment control. In this paper, we introduce a compact, clinically user-friendly instrument based on swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). A key feature of the system is the realization of two different operation modes. The first operation mode is similar to conventional OCT imaging and provides large field of view (FoV) images (up to 45° × 30°) of the human retina and choroid with standard resolution. The second operation mode enables it to optically zoom into regions of interest with high transverse resolution using adaptive ...

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    6. Circumferential-scanning endoscopic optical coherence tomography probe based on a circular array of six 2-axis MEMS mirrors

      Circumferential-scanning endoscopic optical coherence tomography probe based on a circular array of six 2-axis MEMS mirrors

      We present a novel circumferential-scan endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) probe by using a circular array of six electrothermal microelectromechanical (MEMS) mirrors and six C-lenses. The MEMS mirrors have a 0.5 mm × 0.5 mm mirror plate and a chip size of 1.5 mm × 1.3 mm. Each MEMS mirror can scan up to 45° at a voltage of less than 12 V. Six of those mirrors have been successfully packaged to a probe head; full circumferential scans have been demonstrated. Furthermore, each scan unit is composed of a MEMS mirror and a C-lens and the six scan ...

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      Mentions: Huikai K. Xie
    7. Automated spectroscopic retinal oximetry with visible-light optical coherence tomography

      Automated spectroscopic retinal oximetry with visible-light optical coherence tomography

      Accurate, quantitative assessment of retinal blood oxygen saturation ( sO 2 ) may provide a useful early indicator of pathophysiology in several ocular diseases. Here, with visible-light optical coherence tomography (OCT), we demonstrate an automated spectroscopic retinal oximetry algorithm to measure the sO 2 within the retinal arteries (A- sO 2 ) and veins (V- sO 2 ) in rats by automatically detecting the vascular posterior boundary on cross-sectional structural OCT. The algorithm was validated in vitro with flow phantoms and in vivo in rats by comparing the sO 2 results, respectively, to those obtained using a blood gas analyzer and pulse oximetry. We ...

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    8. White light polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography for sub-micron axial resolution and spectroscopic contrast in the murine retina

      White light polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography for sub-micron axial resolution and spectroscopic contrast in the murine retina

      A white light polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography system has been developed, using a supercontinuum laser as the light source. By detecting backscattered light from 400–700 nm, an axial resolution of 1.0 µm in air was achieved. The system consists of a free-space interferometer and two homemade spectrometers that detect orthogonal polarization states. Following system specifications, images of a healthy murine retina as acquired by this non-contact system are presented, showing high resolution reflectivity images as well as spectroscopic and polarization sensitive contrast. Additional images of the very-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor (VLDLR) knockout mouse model were acquired. The high resolution allows ...

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    9. Unified description of three-dimensional optical diffraction microscopy: from transmission microscopy to optical coherence tomography: tutorial

      Unified description of three-dimensional optical diffraction microscopy: from transmission microscopy to optical coherence tomography: tutorial

      In this tutorial, we present a general model linking the data provided by any optical diffraction microscope to the sample permittivity. Our analysis is applicable to essentially all microscope configurations, in transmission or reflection mode, using scanning or full-field illumination, with or without interferometric measurements. We include also a generalization of our analysis to vector fields.

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    10. Point-cloud noncontact metrology of freeform optical surfaces

      Point-cloud noncontact metrology of freeform optical surfaces

      Full Article Figures (16) Tables (2) Equations (14) References (52) Cited By (0) Back to Top Get PDF Abstract In this paper, we demonstrate the development of a point-cloud metrology method for the noncontact, high resolution, high precision testing of freeform surfaces. The method leverages swept source optical coherence tomography together with a common-path setup in the sample arm configured to mitigate the axial jitter caused by scanning and environmental perturbations. The lateral x-y scanning field was also rigorously evaluated for the sampling step, linearity, straightness, and orthogonality. Based on the finely engineered system hardware, a comprehensive system model was ...

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    11. Miniaturized single-fiber-based needle probe for combined imaging and sensing in deep tissue

      Miniaturized single-fiber-based needle probe for combined imaging and sensing in deep tissue

      The ability to visualize structure while simultaneously measuring chemical or physical properties of a biological tissue has the potential to improve our understanding of complex biological processes. We report the first miniaturized single-fiber-based imaging + sensing imaging+sensing probe capable of simultaneous optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging and temperature sensing. An OCT lens is fabricated at the distal end of a double-clad fiber, including a thin layer of rare-earth-doped tellurite glass to enable temperature measurements. The high refractive index of the tellurite glass enables a common-path interferometer configuration for OCT, allowing easy exchange of probes for biomedical applications. The simultaneous imaging ...

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    12. Imaging of cortical structures and microvasculature using extended-focus optical coherence tomography at 1.3  μm

      Imaging of cortical structures and microvasculature using extended-focus optical coherence tomography at 1.3  μm

      Extended-focus optical coherence tomography (xf-OCT) is a variant of optical coherence tomography (OCT) wherein the illumination and/or detection modes are engineered to provide a constant diffractionless lateral resolution over an extended depth of field (typically 3 to 10 × 10× the Rayleigh range). xf-OCT systems operating at 800 nm have been devised and used in the past to image brain structures at high-resolution in vivo , but are limited to ∼ 500    μm ∼500  μm in penetration depth due to their short illumination wavelength. Here we present an xf-OCT system optimized to an image deeper within the cortex by using a longer ...

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    13. KTN-based high-speed axial and lateral scanning technique for an optical coherence tomography system and application to dental imaging

      KTN-based high-speed axial and lateral scanning technique for an optical coherence tomography system and application to dental imaging

      A high-speed 840 nm based polarization-sensitive time domain optical coherence tomography (PSOCT) technique is proposed and demonstrated based on the quadratic electro-optic property of potassium tantalate niobate (KTN) crystals. A longitudinal (axial) scanning depth of ≈ 10    μm ≈10  μm is obtained for an applied AC voltage of 600 V, at 1000 Hz and temperature maintained around 40°C. The OCT system with the KTN-based electro-optic delay line combined with a linear actuation is extended to image an early dental demineralization. For enhanced contrast by the elimination of the strong surface reflection from the sample and high-speed imaging, the quadratic electro-optically ...

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    14. Assessment and removal of additive noise in a complex optical coherence tomography signal based on Doppler variation analysis

      Assessment and removal of additive noise in a complex optical coherence tomography signal based on Doppler variation analysis

      In this study, we investigate and validate a novel approach to assess and remove additive noise for optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. Our method first generates a map of additive noise for the OCT image through Doppler variation analysis. We then remove the additive noise from the real and imaginary parts of the complex OCT signal through pixelwise Wiener filtering. Our results show that the method described in this manuscript improves the sensitivity of OCT imaging and preserves the spatial resolution without the need to modify the imaging apparatus and data acquisition protocol.

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      Mentions: Xuan Liu
    15. Wide-field quantitative micro-elastography of human breast tissue

      Wide-field quantitative micro-elastography of human breast tissue

      Currently, 20-30% of patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery require a second surgery due to insufficient surgical margins in the initial procedure. We have developed a wide-field quantitative micro-elastography system for the assessment of tumor margins. In this technique, we map tissue elasticity over a field-of-view of ~46 × 46 mm. We performed wide-field quantitative micro-elastography on thirteen specimens of freshly excised tissue acquired from patients undergoing a mastectomy. We present wide-field optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, qualitative (strain) micro-elastograms and quantitative (elasticity) micro-elastograms, acquired in 10 minutes. We demonstrate that wide-field quantitative micro-elastography can extend the range of tumors visible using OCT-based ...

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    16. Point-spread function manipulation of the swept-source optical coherence tomography through temporal phase modulation

      Point-spread function manipulation of the swept-source optical coherence tomography through temporal phase modulation

      Recent breakthroughs in microscopy have surpassed Abbe’s spatial diffraction limit, especially in the regime of fluorescence imaging. Microcopy’s depth-imaging relative tomography is, however, still confined to basic imaging quality, which is limited by the Fourier bandwidth. In this paper, we explore the analogy between spatial microscopy and temporal tomography based on the space-time duality, and hence enlighten the advancement of tomography. As a proof-of-principle demonstration, an all-optical manipulation of the point-spread function (PSF) of a swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) is performed based on temporal phase modulation. Although the axial resolving power remains the same, much sharper sketch ...

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    17. Quantifying optical properties with visible and near-infrared optical coherence tomography to visualize esophageal microwave ablation zones

      Quantifying optical properties with visible and near-infrared optical coherence tomography to visualize esophageal microwave ablation zones

      Microwave ablation is a minimally invasive image guided thermal therapy for cancer that can be adapted to endoscope use in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Microwave ablation in the GI tract requires precise control over the ablation zone that could be guided by high resolution imaging with quantitative contrast. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides ideal imaging resolution and allows for the quantification of tissue scattering properties to characterize ablated tissue. Visible and near-infrared OCT image analysis demonstrated increased scattering coefficients ( μ s ) in ablated versus normal tissues (Vis: 347.8%, NIR: 415.0%) and shows the potential for both wavelength ranges to ...

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    18. Quantitative discrimination of pearls using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Quantitative discrimination of pearls using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      We propose a robust method that can quantitatively discriminate genuine pearls from imitation ones by introducing the concept of entropy in the polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). Qualitatively, by examining the birefringence properties of the nacre region of pearls with PS-OCT, the genuine pearls can be easily discriminated. To quantify the amount of birefringence formation, however, the concept of phase retardation entropy is introduced, which is expected to have a higher value when a PS-OCT tomogram has more diverse phase retardation values in its histogram. Experimental confirmation demonstrated that the phase retardation entropy of a genuine pearl was always higher ...

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    19. Wavefront measurement using computational adaptive optics

      Wavefront measurement using computational adaptive optics

      In many optical imaging applications, it is necessary to correct for aberrations to obtain high quality images. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides access to the amplitude and phase of the backscattered optical field for three-dimensional (3D) imaging samples. Computational adaptive optics (CAO) modifies the phase of the OCT data in the spatial frequency domain to correct optical aberrations without using a deformable mirror, as is commonly done in hardware-based adaptive optics (AO). This provides improvement of image quality throughout the 3D volume, enabling imaging across greater depth ranges and in highly aberrated samples. However, the CAO aberration correction has a ...

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    20. Combination of structural and vascular optical coherence tomography for differentiating oral lesions of mice in different carcinogenesis stages

      Combination of structural and vascular optical coherence tomography for differentiating oral lesions of mice in different carcinogenesis stages

      Differentiating between early malignancy and benign lesions in oral cavities is difficult using current optical tools. As has been shown in previous studies, microvascular changes in squamous epithelium can be regarded as a key marker for diagnosis. We propose the combination of structural and vascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging for the investigation of disease related changes. Progressive thickness changes of epithelium and the destruction of underlying lamina propria was observed during cancer development in a 4- nitroquinoline-1-oxide (inc4NQO) mouse model. At the same time, microvascular changes in hyperplasia, dysplasia, carcinoma in situ and advanced cancer were observed. Findings from ...

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    21. Unfolding displacement measurement method for the aliasing interferometer signal of a wavelength-comb-swept laser

      Unfolding displacement measurement method for the aliasing interferometer signal of a wavelength-comb-swept laser

      We demonstrate an unfolding displacement measurement method to overcome the aliasing problem of wavelength-comb-swept laser (WCSL). Compared to the conventional wavelength-swept laser (WSL), the WCSL exhibits an extended coherence length, owing to the narrowing spectral linewidth of the etalon filter. However, the aliasing interference signal induces an unexpected back-bounced phenomenon during displacement measurement because of the discretely distributed comb-like periodic spectra of the etalon filter. By using the dual-reference interferometry method, the back-bounced displacement measurement can be successfully unfolded to extend the measurement range by two times. In addition, we demonstrate a longer-range surface profiling image over 18 mm within ...

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    22. Quantitative biometry of zebrafish retinal vasculature using optical coherence tomographic angiography

      Quantitative biometry of zebrafish retinal vasculature using optical coherence tomographic angiography

      The zebrafish is a robust model for studying human ophthalmic function and disease because of its fecundity, life-cycle, and similarities between its retinal structure and the human retina. Here, we demonstrate longitudinal in vivo imaging of retinal structure using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and noninvasive retinal vascular perfusion imaging using OCT angiography (OCT-A) in zebrafish. In addition, we present methods for retinal vascular segmentation and biometry to quantify vessel branch length, curvature, and angle. We further motivate retinal vascular biometry as a novel method for noninvasive zebrafish identification and demonstrated 99.9% accuracy for uniquely identifying eyes from a set ...

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    23. Design and implementation of a low-cost, portable OCT system

      Design and implementation of a low-cost, portable OCT system

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a widely used biomedical imaging tool, primarily in ophthalmology to diagnose and stage retinal diseases. In order to increase access for a wider range of applications and in low resource settings, we developed a portable, low-cost OCT system that has comparable imaging performance to commercially available systems. Here, we present the system design and characterization and compare the system performance to other commercially available OCT systems. In addition, future cost reductions and potential additional applications of the low-cost OCT system are discussed.

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    24. Eye-motion-corrected optical coherence tomography angiography using Lissajous scanning

      Eye-motion-corrected optical coherence tomography angiography using Lissajous scanning

      To correct eye motion artifacts in en face optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) images, a Lissajous scanning method with subsequent software-based motion correction is proposed. The standard Lissajous scanning pattern is modified to be compatible with OCT-A and a corresponding motion correction algorithm is designed. The effectiveness of our method was demonstrated by comparing en face OCT-A images with and without motion correction. The method was further validated by comparing motion-corrected images with scanning laser ophthalmoscopy images, and the repeatability of the method was evaluated using a checkerboard image. A motion-corrected en face OCT-A image from a blinking case is ...

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    1-24 of 439 1 2 3 4 ... 17 18 19 »
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