1. 1-24 of 46 1 2 »
    1. Measurable Range of Subfoveal Choroidal Thickness With Conventional Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Measurable Range of Subfoveal Choroidal Thickness With Conventional Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose : We investigate the measurable range of subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) with conventional spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in normal healthy eyes. Methods : All subjects underwent an SD-OCT horizontal line scan centered at the fovea with standard and enhanced depth imaging (EDI) techniques. Two independent observers manually measured SFCT on standard and EDI-OCT images, if two choroidal borders were identified. The rate of successful measurement with standard OCT was evaluated. Inter- and intraclass correlation coefficients and Bland-Altman plots were used for analysis. Results : OCT images of 724 normal healthy eyes from 374 subjects were evaluated. Although the inner choroidal ...

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    2. Variability of Foveal Avascular Zone Metrics Derived From Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Images

      Variability of Foveal Avascular Zone Metrics Derived From Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Images

      Purpose : To characterize sources of inter- and intrasubject variability in quantitative foveal avascular zone (FAZ) metrics. Methods : Two 3×3-mm optical coherence tomography angiography scans (centered on the fovea) were acquired in both eyes of 175 subjects. An image of the superficial plexus was extracted from each scan and segmented twice by a single observer. Four quantitative FAZ morphology metrics (area, axis ratio, acircularity, major horizontal axis angle) were calculated, and a variance components analysis was performed. Results : Mean (±SD) age was 27.9 ± 11.9 years, and 55% were female. Area had the largest amount of variance resulting from ...

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    3. Quantification of the Posterior Cornea Using Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Quantification of the Posterior Cornea Using Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose : We define optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurement parameters of the corneal endothelium/Descemet's membrane (DM) complex and peripheral transition zone (TZ) and describe these measurements in an ethnically Chinese population. Methods : OCT images of the anterior segment and iridocorneal angle were obtained from 129 healthy Chinese subjects (129 eyes), aged 40 to 81 years. The scleral spur (SS) and Schwalbe's line (SL) were identified in each image. Endothelium/DM diameter, referred to as endothelial arc length (EAL), is the SL-to-SL distance. The SS-to-SL distance encompasses the TZ and trabecular meshwork (TM). Since the TZ cannot be visualized ...

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    4. Imaging Melanin Distribution in the Zebrafish Retina Using Photothermal Optical Coherence Tomography

      Imaging Melanin Distribution in the Zebrafish Retina Using Photothermal Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose : To demonstrate and validate that photothermal optical coherence tomography (PT-OCT) can image melanin in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and can observe light-driven melanosome translocation in the zebrafish retina. Methods : A commercial spectral domain OCT system was modified to perform both OCT and PT-OCT. Four adult tyrosinase-mosaic zebrafish with varying levels of melanin expression across their retinas were imaged, and the PT-OCT signal for pigmented and nonpigmented regions were compared. Wild-type dark-adapted ( n = 11 fish) and light-adapted ( n = 10 fish) zebrafish were also imaged with OCT and PT-OCT. Longitudinal reflectivity and absorption profiles were generated from B-scans to compare ...

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    5. Comparative Study of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Phase-Resolved Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography for Measurement of Retinal Blood Vessels Caliber

      Comparative Study of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Phase-Resolved Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography for Measurement of Retinal Blood Vessels Caliber

      Purpose : To compare the accuracy of Doppler optical coherence tomography (DOCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA) for measuring retinal blood vessel caliber at different flow rates. Methods : A research-grade 1060-nm OCT system with 3.5-μm axial resolution in retinal tissue and 92,000 A scan/s image acquisition rate was used in this study. DOCT and OCTA measurements were acquired both from a flow phantom and in vivo from retinal blood vessels in six male Brown Norway rats. The total retinal blood flow (TRBF) was modified from baseline to 70% and 20% of baseline by reducing the ocular perfusion pressure ...

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    6. In Vivo Evaluation of the Limbus Using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

      In Vivo Evaluation of the Limbus Using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purposes : To investigate the limbal structure using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and compare the difference between a Chinese Han population and a Caucasian population. Methods : Sixty healthy Chinese Han subjects (109 eyes, Chinese group) and 32 healthy Caucasian subjects (51 eyes, Caucasian group) were included in this comparative cross-sectional study. The central cornea and the superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal limbal regions of each subject underwent Fourier-domain AS-OCT. The following parameters were measured: corneal epithelial thickness (CET), maximum limbal epithelial thickness (LET), the mean LET, the width of limbus, distance between scleral spur and the location where limbal ...

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    7. Safety and Feasibility of a Novel Sparse Optical Coherence Tomography Device for Patient-Delivered Retina Home Monitoring

      Safety and Feasibility of a Novel Sparse Optical Coherence Tomography Device for Patient-Delivered Retina Home Monitoring

      Purpose : To study a novel and fast optical coherence tomography (OCT) device for home-based monitoring in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a small sample yielding sparse OCT (spOCT) data and to compare the device to a commercially available reference device. Methods : In this prospective study, both eyes of 31 participants with AMD were included. The subjects underwent scanning with an OCT prototype and a spectral-domain OCT to compare the accuracy of the central retinal thickness (CRT) measurements. Results : Sixty-two eyes in 31 participants (21 females and 10 males) were included. The mean age was 79.6 years (age range, 69 ...

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    8. Parafoveal Nonperfusion Analysis in Diabetic Retinopathy Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Parafoveal Nonperfusion Analysis in Diabetic Retinopathy Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Purpose : To describe a new technique for mapping parafoveal intercapillary areas (PICAs) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and demonstrate its utility for quantifying parafoveal nonperfusion in diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods : Nineteen controls, 15 diabetics with no retinopathy (noDR), 15 with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), and 15 with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) were imaged with 10 macular OCTA scans. PICAs were automatically delineated on the averaged superficial OCTA images. Following creation of an eccentricity-specific reference database from the controls, all PICAs greater than 2 SD above the reference means for PICA area and minor axis length were identified as nonperfused ...

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    9. High-Performance Virtual Reality Volume Rendering of Original Optical Coherence Tomography Point-Cloud Data Enhanced With Real-Time Ray Casting

      High-Performance Virtual Reality Volume Rendering of Original Optical Coherence Tomography Point-Cloud Data Enhanced With Real-Time Ray Casting

      Purpose : Feasibility testing of a novel volume renders technology to display optical coherence tomography data (OCT) in a virtual reality (VR) environment. Methods : A VR program was written in C++/OpenGL to import and display volumetric OCT data in real time with 180 frames per second using a high-end computer and a tethered head-mounted display. Following exposure, participants completed a Simulator Sickness Questionnaire (SSQ) to assess for nausea, disorientation, and oculomotor disturbances. A user evaluation study of this software was conducted to explore the potential utility of this application. Results : Fifty-seven subjects completed the user testing (34 males and 23 ...

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    10. Macular Choroidal Thickening in Keratoconus Patients: Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Macular Choroidal Thickening in Keratoconus Patients: Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Purpose : To determine the choroidal thickness (CT) profile in keratoconus (KC) patients using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Methods : This was a prospective, cross-sectional study. One hundred two eyes of 52 KC patients were studied using Pentacam and SS-OCT. The macular CT profile was created by manually measuring the distance between the retinal pigment epithelium and the choroid-sclera junction on horizontal b-scans at nine different macular locations. The results were compared to 93 eyes of 93 healthy controls. Results : Mean age of the KC group was 34.9 ± 13.5 years and mean axial length (AL) was 24.1 ± 1 ...

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    11. Comparison of Widefield and Circumpapillary Circle Scans for Detecting Glaucomatous Neuroretinal Thinning on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Comparison of Widefield and Circumpapillary Circle Scans for Detecting Glaucomatous Neuroretinal Thinning on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose : Our purpose was to compare the effectiveness of detecting progressive retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness changes using widefield scans compared to circumpapillary circle scans derived from optic disc volume scans when using a manual region-of-interest (ROI) approach . Methods : In a prospective observational study, a total of 125 eyes diagnosed clinically with glaucoma or suspected glaucoma that had both widefield (12 × 9 mm) and optic disc (6 × 6 mm) scans obtained at least one year apart were included. Changes in the RNFL thickness between the two visits were evaluated within region(s) of observed or suspected glaucomatous damage, which ...

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    12. Dynamic Assessment of Light-Induced Vaulting Changes of Implantable Collamer Lens With Central Port by Swept-Source OCT: Pilot Study

      Dynamic Assessment of Light-Induced Vaulting Changes of Implantable Collamer Lens With Central Port by Swept-Source OCT: Pilot Study

      Purpose : To assess dynamic variations in vault induced by changes in brightness in eyes implanted with phakic collamer intraocular lens (pIOL) with central port for correction of myopia, defining new parameters of vaulting measurement. Methods : We used a noninvasive Fourier-domain swept-source anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) system to dynamically evaluate the shifts between the pIOL and anterior chamber structures under changing light conditions. For each eye assessed, we measured vault interval (VI), which we define based on central vault values in maximum mydriasis and in maximum miosis after light-induced changes in pupil diameter, and vault range (VR), which we define ...

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    13. Evaluation of a Qualitative Approach for Detecting Glaucomatous Progression Using Wide-Field Optical Coherence Tomography Scans

      Evaluation of a Qualitative Approach for Detecting Glaucomatous Progression Using Wide-Field Optical Coherence Tomography Scans

      Purpose : To determine the effectiveness of detecting glaucomatous progression by a qualitative evaluation of wide-field (12 × 9 mm) scans on optical coherence tomography imaging. This method was compared to a conventional quantitative analysis of the global circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) thickness. Methods : A total of 409 eyes with a clinical diagnosis of glaucoma or suspected glaucoma for which two wide-field scans were obtained at least 1 year apart ( n = 125) and within one session ( n = 284) were included to determine the sensitivity of detecting progression at 95% specificity. Qualitative OCT evaluation was performed in a similar manner to ...

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    14. Evaluation of a Region-of-Interest Approach for Detecting Progressive Glaucomatous Macular Damage on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Evaluation of a Region-of-Interest Approach for Detecting Progressive Glaucomatous Macular Damage on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose : To evaluate a manual region-of-interest (ROI) approach for detecting progressive macular ganglion cell complex (GCC) changes on optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. Methods : One hundred forty-six eyes with a clinical diagnosis of glaucoma or suspected glaucoma with macular OCT scans obtained at least 1 year apart were evaluated. Changes in the GCC thickness were identified using a manual ROI approach (ROI M ), whereby region(s) of observed or suspected glaucomatous damage were manually identified when using key features from the macular OCT scan on the second visit. Progression was also evaluated using the global GCC thickness and an automatic ...

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    15. Validation of the UNC OCT Index for the Diagnosis of Early Glaucoma

      Validation of the UNC OCT Index for the Diagnosis of Early Glaucoma

      Purpose : To independently validate the performance of the University of North Carolina Optical Coherence Tomography (UNC OCT) Index in diagnosing and predicting early glaucoma. Methods : Data of 118 normal subjects (118 eyes) and 96 subjects (96 eyes) with early glaucoma defined as visual field mean deviation (MD) greater than −4 decibels (dB), aged 40 to 80 years, and who were enrolled in the Full-Threshold Testing Size III, V, VI comparison study were used in this study. CIRRUS OCT average and quadrants' retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL); optic disc vertical cup-to-disc ratio (VCDR), cup-to-disc area ratio, and rim area; and average ...

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    16. Volumetric Measurement of Subretinal Blebs Using Microscope-Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography

      Volumetric Measurement of Subretinal Blebs Using Microscope-Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose : We advance studies of subretinal treatments by developing a microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography (MIOCT) image-based method for measuring the volume of therapeutics delivered into the subretinal space. Methods : A MIOCT image-based volume measurement method was developed and assessed for accuracy and reproducibility by imaging an object of known size in model eyes. This method then was applied to subretinal blebs created by injection of diluted triamcinolone. Bleb volumes obtained from MIOCT were compared to the intended injection volume and the surgeon's estimation of leakage. Results : Validation of the image-based volume measurement method showed accuracy to ±1.0 μL ...

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    17. Detecting Glaucomatous Progression With a Region-of-Interest Approach on Optical Coherence Tomography: A Signal-to-Noise Evaluation

      Detecting Glaucomatous Progression With a Region-of-Interest Approach on Optical Coherence Tomography: A Signal-to-Noise Evaluation

      Purpose : To compare two region-of-interest (ROI) approaches and a global thickness approach for capturing progressive circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) changes on optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. Methods : Progressive cpRNFL thickness changes were evaluated in 164 eyes with a clinical diagnosis of glaucoma or suspected glaucoma; all eyes underwent optic disc OCT imaging on two visits at least 1 year apart. Such changes were evaluated with a manual ROI approach (ROI M ), which involved manual identification of region(s) of observed or suspected glaucomatous damage. The ROI M was compared with an automatic ROI approach (ROI A ), where regions ...

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    18. Nerve Fiber Flux Analysis Using Wide-Field Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Nerve Fiber Flux Analysis Using Wide-Field Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose : To devise a method to quantify nerve fibers over their arcuate courses over an extended peripapillary area using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods : Participants were imaged with 8 × 8-mm volumetric OCT scans centered at the optic disc. A new quantity, nerve fiber flux (NFF), represents the cross-sectional area transected perpendicular to the nerve fibers. The peripapillary area was divided into 64 tracks with equal flux. An iterative algorithm traced the trajectory of the tracks assuming that the relative distribution of the NFF was conserved with compensation for fiber connections to ganglion cells on the macular side. Average trajectory was ...

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    19. Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy on Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography with Variable Interscan Time Analysis

      Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy on Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography with Variable Interscan Time Analysis

      Purpose : To use a novel optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) algorithm termed variable interscan time analysis (VISTA) to evaluate relative blood flow speeds in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). Methods : Prospective cross-sectional study enrolling patients with confirmed diagnosis of PCV. OCTA of the retina and choroid was obtained with a prototype swept-source OCT system. The acquired OCT volumes were centered on the branching vascular network (BVN) and polyps as determined by indocyanine-green angiography (ICGA). The relative blood flow speeds were characterized on VISTA-OCTA. Results : Seven eyes from seven patients were evaluated. Swept-source OCTA enabled detailed enface visualization of the BVN and ...

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    20. Characterization of Long Working Distance Optical Coherence Tomography for Imaging of Pediatric Retinal Pathology

      Characterization of Long Working Distance Optical Coherence Tomography for Imaging of Pediatric Retinal Pathology

      Purpose : We determined the feasibility of fovea and optic nerve head imaging with a long working distance (LWD) swept source optical coherence tomography (OCT) prototype in adults, teenagers, and young children. Methods : A prototype swept source OCT system with a LWD (defined as distance from the last optical element of the imaging system to the eye) of 350 mm with custom fixation targets was developed to facilitate imaging of children. Imaging was performed in 49 participants from three age groups: 26 adults, 16 children 13 to 18 years old (teenagers), and seven children under 6 years old (young children) under ...

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    21. Human Factor and Usability Testing of a Binocular Optical Coherence Tomography System

      Human Factor and Usability Testing of a Binocular Optical Coherence Tomography System

      Purpose : To perform usability testing of a binocular optical coherence tomography (OCT) prototype to predict its function in a clinical setting, and to identify any potential user errors, especially in an elderly and visually impaired population. Methods : Forty-five participants with chronic eye disease (mean age 62.7 years) and 15 healthy controls (mean age 53 years) underwent automated eye examination using the prototype. Examination included ‘whole-eye' OCT, ocular motility, visual acuity measurement, perimetry, and pupillometry. Interviews were conducted to assess the subjective appeal and ease of use for this cohort of first-time users. Results : All participants completed the full suite ...

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    22. Algorithms for the Automated Analysis of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Biomarkers on Optical Coherence Tomography: A Systematic Review

      Algorithms for the Automated Analysis of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Biomarkers on Optical Coherence Tomography: A Systematic Review

      Purpose : To assess the quality of optical coherence tomography (OCT) grading algorithms for retinal biomarkers of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods : Following a systematic review of the literature data on detection and quantification of AMD retinal biomarkers by available algorithms were extracted and descriptively synthesized. Algorithm quality was assessed using a modified version of the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 checklist with a focus on accuracy against established reference standards and risk of bias. Results : Thirty five studies reporting computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) tools for qualitative analysis or algorithms for quantitative analysis were identified. Compared with manual assessment in ...

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    23. Assessing the Accuracy of Foveal Avascular Zone Measurements Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography: Segmentation and Scaling

      Assessing the Accuracy of Foveal Avascular Zone Measurements Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography: Segmentation and Scaling

      Purpose : The foveal avascular zone (FAZ) is altered in numerous diseases. We assessed factors (axial length, segmentation method, age, sex) impacting FAZ measurements from optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography images. Methods : We recruited 116 Caucasian subjects without ocular disease, and acquired two 3 × 3 mm AngioVue scans per each right eye (232 total scans). In images of the superficial plexus, the FAZ was segmented using the AngioVue semiautomatic nonflow measurement tool and ImageJ manual segmentation. In images from the full retinal thickness, the FAZ was segmented using the AngioAnalytics automatic FAZ tool. Repeatability, reliability, and reproducibility were calculated for FAZ ...

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    24. Optical Coherence Tomography Reveals Changes to Corneal Reflectivity and Thickness in Individuals with Tear Hyperosmolarity

      Optical Coherence Tomography Reveals Changes to Corneal Reflectivity and Thickness in Individuals with Tear Hyperosmolarity

      Purpose : To investigate whether tear hyperosmolarity, a feature of dry eye disease (DED), affects central corneal thickness (CCT), corneal light reflectivity, and/or tear film reflectivity. Methods : This prospective, cross-sectional study involved 48 participants (38 with hyperosmolar tears and 10 controls with normo-osmolar tears). Symptoms and signs of DED (tear osmolarity, sodium fluorescein tear break-up time, ocular surface staining, Schirmer test) were assessed. CCT, and the reflectivity of the cornea and the tear-epithelial interface were quantified relative to background noise using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). Results : CCT of eyes with severe tear hyperosmolarity, defined as eyes in the upper ...

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    1-24 of 46 1 2 »
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