1. 25-48 of 394 « 1 2 3 4 5 ... 15 16 17 »
    1. Molecular Contrast Optical Coherence Tomography and Its Applications in Medicine

      Molecular Contrast Optical Coherence Tomography and Its Applications in Medicine

      The growing need to understand the molecular mechanisms of diseases has prompted the revolution in molecular imaging techniques along with nanomedicine development. Conventional optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a low-cost in vivo imaging modality that provides unique high spatial and temporal resolution anatomic images but little molecular information. However, given the widespread adoption of OCT in research and clinical practice, its robust molecular imaging extensions are strongly desired to combine with anatomical images. A range of relevant approaches has been reported already. In this article, we review the recent advances of molecular contrast OCT imaging techniques, the corresponding contrast agents ...

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    2. Morphology and Vessel Density of the Macula in Preterm Children Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Morphology and Vessel Density of the Macula in Preterm Children Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Background: Retinal morphology changes may be associated with prematurity and can lead to visual impairment. Optical coherence tomography angiography may contribute to understanding the pathomechanism of structural and vascular retinal impairment in premature children. The aim of this study was to assess an influence of prematurity, neonatal clinical characteristics, and a history of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) on the morphology and retinal vascularity of macula in children. Methods: A case-control study of 123 preterm children and 86 full-term children was performed. The age of the subjects was 10.45 years (IQR: 8.12-12.77), while the age of the control ...

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      Mentions: Visionix
    3. Application of Keratograph and Fourier-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Measurements of Tear Meniscus Height

      Application of Keratograph and Fourier-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Measurements of Tear Meniscus Height

      To compare the interoperator repeatability of tear meniscus height (TMH) measurements obtained with a keratograph and Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) and to assess the agreement between the methods.Forty-seven eyes with DED and 41 healthy eyes were analyzed using the Schirmer test I and tear breakup time test (TBUT). The TMH was measured three times with each device. The repeatability of measurements was assessed by within-subject standard deviation (Sw), repeatability (2.77 Sw), coefficient of variation (CoV) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Efficacy in detecting DED was evaluated in terms of the area under the curve (AUC). The TMHs ...

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    4. OCT Angiography Fractal Analysis of Choroidal Neovessels Secondary to Central Serous Chorioretinopathy, in a Caucasian Cohort

      OCT Angiography Fractal Analysis of Choroidal Neovessels Secondary to Central Serous Chorioretinopathy, in a Caucasian Cohort

      Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) can be complicated by different types of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) features of CSCR-related CNVs. Methods: This was a retrospective multicenter study including 102 eyes of 102 Caucasian patients with acute or complex CSCR. All patients underwent a comprehensive ophthalmological examination. Quantitative OCT-A parameters, including vascular perfusion density (VPD), fractal dimension (FD), and lacunarity (LAC), were measured in CNV eyes. Results: Forty eyes (39.2%) had acute CSCR, whereas the remaining sixty-two (60.8%) had complex CSCR. CNV was observed ...

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    5. OCT Retinal and Choroidal Layer Instance Segmentation Using Mask R-CNN

      OCT Retinal and Choroidal Layer Instance Segmentation Using Mask R-CNN

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the posterior segment of the eye provides high-resolution cross-sectional images that allow visualization of individual layers of the posterior eye tissue (the retina and choroid), facilitating the diagnosis and monitoring of ocular diseases and abnormalities. The manual analysis of retinal OCT images is a time-consuming task; therefore, the development of automatic image analysis methods is important for both research and clinical applications. In recent years, deep learning methods have emerged as an alternative method to perform this segmentation task. A large number of the proposed segmentation methods in the literature focus on the use of ...

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    6. Detection of Vulnerable Coronary Plaques Using Invasive and Non-Invasive Imaging Modalities

      Detection of Vulnerable Coronary Plaques Using Invasive and Non-Invasive Imaging Modalities

      Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) mostly arises from so-called vulnerable coronary plaques, particularly prone for rupture. Vulnerable plaques comprise a specific type of plaque, called the thin-cap fibroatheroma (TFCA). A TCFA is characterized by a large lipid-rich necrotic core, a thin fibrous cap, inflammation, neovascularization, intraplaque hemorrhage, microcalcifications or spotty calcifications, and positive remodeling. Vulnerable plaques are often not visible during coronary angiography. However, different plaque features can be visualized with the use of intracoronary imaging techniques, such as intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), potentially with the addition of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), or optical coherence tomography (OCT). Non-invasive imaging techniques, such as computed ...

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    7. Comparison Study of the Two Biometers Based on Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Technology

      Comparison Study of the Two Biometers Based on Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Technology

      This research aimed to investigate the potential differences in the parameters, including axial length (AL), central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness (LT), flat keratometry (Kf), steep keratometry (Ks), mean keratometry (Km), astigmatism, white-to-white (WTW) distance, acquired rate, and intraocular lens (IOL) power, between the two swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) biometers, the ANTERION (biometer A) and IOLMaster 700 (biometer B). In a prospective observational comparative case series study, we enrolled 198 eyes undergoing cataract surgery. The AL, CCT, ACD, LT, Kf, Ks, Km, astigmatism, WTW, acquired rate, and IOL power were assessed. McNemar tests compared the ...

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    8. Line-Field Confocal Optical Coherence Tomography: A New Tool for the Differentiation between Nevi and Melanomas?

      Line-Field Confocal Optical Coherence Tomography: A New Tool for the Differentiation between Nevi and Melanomas?

      Until now, the clinical differentiation between a nevus and a melanoma is still challenging in some cases. Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography (LC-OCT) is a new tool with the aim to change that. The aim of the study was to evaluate LC-OCT for the discrimination between nevi and melanomas. A total of 84 melanocytic lesions were examined with LC-OCT and 36 were also imaged with RCM. The observers recorded the diagnoses, and the presence or absence of the 18 most common imaging parameters for melanocytic lesions, nevi, and melanomas in the LC-OCT images. Their confidence in diagnosis and the image ...

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    9. Textural Feature Analysis of Optical Coherence Tomography Phantoms

      Textural Feature Analysis of Optical Coherence Tomography Phantoms

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging technique based on interferometry of backscattered lights from materials and biological samples. For the quantitative evaluation of an OCT system, artificial optical samples or phantoms are commonly used. They mimic the structure of biological tissues and can provide a quality standard for comparison within and across devices. Phantoms contain medium matrix and scattering particles within the dimension range of target biological structures such as the retina. The aim was to determine if changes in speckle derived optical texture could be employed to classify the OCT phantoms based on their structural composition. Four groups ...

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    10. Semi-Automated Quantification of Retinal and Choroidal Biomarkers in Retinal Vascular Diseases: Agreement of Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography with and without Enhanced Depth Imaging Mode

      Semi-Automated Quantification of Retinal and Choroidal Biomarkers in Retinal Vascular Diseases: Agreement of Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography with and without Enhanced Depth Imaging Mode

      Background: We compared with and without enhanced depth imaging mode (EDI) in semi-automated quantification of retinal and choroidal biomarkers in optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) or retinal vein occlusion (RVO) complicated by macular edema. We chose to study three OCT biomarkers: the numbers of hyperreflective foci (HF), the ellipsoid zone reflectivity ratio (EZR) and the choroidal vascularity index (CVI), all known to be correlated with visual acuity changes or treatment outcomes. Methods: In a single examination, one eye of each patient ( n = 60; diabetic retinopathy: n = 27, retinal vein occlusion: n = 33) underwent macular 870 ...

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    11. OCT-Guided Surgery for Gliomas: Current Concept and Future Perspectives

      OCT-Guided Surgery for Gliomas: Current Concept and Future Perspectives

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been recently suggested as a promising method to obtain in vivo and real-time high-resolution images of tissue structure in brain tumor surgery. This review focuses on the basics of OCT imaging, types of OCT images and currently suggested OCT scanner devices and the results of their application in neurosurgery. OCT can assist in achieving intraoperative precision identification of tumor infiltration within surrounding brain parenchyma by using qualitative or quantitative OCT image analysis of scanned tissue. OCT is able to identify tumorous tissue and blood vessels detection during stereotactic biopsy procedures. The combination of OCT with ...

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    12. Retinal Vascularization Abnormalities Studied by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA) in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Moderate Diabetic Retinopathy

      Retinal Vascularization Abnormalities Studied by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA) in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Moderate Diabetic Retinopathy

      Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most severe and frequent retinal vascular disease that causes significant visual loss on a global scale. The purpose of our study was to evaluate retinal vascularization in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP), the deep capillary plexus (DCP) and the choriocapillaris (CC) and changes in the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) by optical tomography angiography (OCTA) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) with moderate DR but without diabetic macular oedema (DME). Fifty-four eyes of DM2 with moderate DR (level 43 in the ETDRS scale) and without DME and 73 age-matched healthy eyes were evaluated using ...

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    13. Glaucoma Detection Using Support Vector Machine Method Based on Spectralis OCT

      Glaucoma Detection Using Support Vector Machine Method Based on Spectralis OCT

      Spectralis optical coherence tomography (OCT) provided more detailed parameters in the peripapillary and macular areas among the OCT machines, but it is not easy to understand the enormous information (114 features) generated from Spectralis OCT in glaucoma assessment. Machine learning methodology has been well-applied in glaucoma detection in recent years and has the ability to process a large amount of information at once. Here we aimed to analyze the diagnostic capability of Spectralis OCT parameters on glaucoma detection using Support Vector Machine (SVM) classification method in our population. Our results showed that applying all OCT features with the SVM method ...

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    14. A Novel Computer-Aided Diagnostic System for Early Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy Using 3D-OCT Higher-Order Spatial Appearance Model

      A Novel Computer-Aided Diagnostic System for Early Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy Using 3D-OCT Higher-Order Spatial Appearance Model

      Early diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy (DR) is of critical importance to suppress severe damage to the retina and/or vision loss. In this study, an optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) method is proposed to detect DR early using structural 3D retinal scans. This system uses prior shape knowledge to automatically segment all retinal layers of the 3D-OCT scans using an adaptive, appearance-based method. After the segmentation step, novel texture features are extracted from the segmented layers of the OCT B-scans volume for DR diagnosis. For every layer, Markov-Gibbs random field (MGRF) model is used to extract the ...

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    15. The Value of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCT-A) in Neurological Diseases

      The Value of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCT-A) in Neurological Diseases

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) was commercially introduced in 2014. OCT-A allows a fast, non-invasive, three-dimensional analysis of the retinal vasculature from the vitreoretinal interface to the choriocapillaris. The results can be evaluated separately in automated or custom-defined retinal layers. Since its introduction, OCT-A has also been used in patients with neurological diseases in order to find and characterize retinal biomarkers. Many neurological diseases have retinal manifestations, often preceding the key symptoms of the neurological disease. Anatomically and developmentally, the retina is a part of the brain. In contrast to the brain, the retina is easily accessible for imaging methods ...

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    16. Line-Field Confocal Optical Coherence Tomography Increases the Diagnostic Accuracy and Confidence for Basal Cell Carcinoma in Equivocal Lesions: A Prospective Study

      Line-Field Confocal Optical Coherence Tomography Increases the Diagnostic Accuracy and Confidence for Basal Cell Carcinoma in Equivocal Lesions: A Prospective Study

      Diagnosing clinically unclear basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) can be challenging. Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography (LC-OCT) is able to display morphological features of BCC subtypes with good histological correlation. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of LC-OCT in diagnosing clinically unsure cases of BCC compared to dermoscopy alone and in distinguishing between superficial BCCs and other BCC subtypes. Moreover, we addressed pitfalls in false positive cases. We prospectively enrolled 182 lesions of 154 patients, referred to our department to confirm or to rule out the diagnosis of BCC. Dermoscopy and LC-OCT images were evaluated by two ...

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    17. Efficacy of Myopia Control and Distribution of Corneal Epithelial Thickness in Children Treated with Orthokeratology Assessed Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Efficacy of Myopia Control and Distribution of Corneal Epithelial Thickness in Children Treated with Orthokeratology Assessed Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      The association between myopia control efficacy in children treated with orthokeratology and corneal epithelial thickness is still unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the corneal epithelial thickness and its association with axial length changes in children treated with orthokeratology. This retrospective cohort study enrolled children aged from 9 to 15 years who had received orthokeratology for myopia control and had been followed up for at least 1 year. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography was performed to generate wide epithelial thickness maps of the patients. Annual axial length changes were calculated from the axial length at 6 months ...

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    18. Double-Clad Fiber-Based Multifunctional Biosensors and Multimodal Bioimaging Systems: Technology and Applications

      Double-Clad Fiber-Based Multifunctional Biosensors and Multimodal Bioimaging Systems: Technology and Applications

      Optical fibers have been used to probe various tissue properties such as temperature, pH, absorption, and scattering. Combining different sensing and imaging modalities within a single fiber allows for increased sensitivity without compromising the compactness of an optical fiber probe. A double-clad fiber (DCF) can sustain concurrent propagation modes (single-mode, through its core, and multimode, through an inner cladding), making DCFs ideally suited for multimodal approaches. This study provides a technological review of how DCFs are used to combine multiple sensing functionalities and imaging modalities. Specifically, we discuss the working principles of DCF-based sensors and relevant instrumentation as well as ...

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    19. Assessing Choroidal Nevi, Melanomas and Indeterminate Melanocytic Lesions Using Multimodal Imaging—A Retrospective Chart Review

      Assessing Choroidal Nevi, Melanomas and Indeterminate Melanocytic Lesions Using Multimodal Imaging—A Retrospective Chart Review

      Using multimodal imaging, the literature proposed the following risk factors for choroidal nevus growth into melanoma: increased tumor thickness, subretinal fluid, decreased visual acuity, presence of orange pigment, ultrasound acoustic hollowness, and increased tumor diameter. This study investigated the presence of the mentioned risk factors in choroidal nevi, choroidal melanomas, and indeterminate choroidal melanocytic lesions. This retrospective, single-center chart review assessed choroidal melanocytic tumors with multimodal imaging. We defined our primary outcome as the cumulative presence of mentioned risk factors. Further, we evaluated various optical coherence tomography (OCT), ultrasound, and autofluorescence findings. We analyzed 51 tumors from 49 patients during ...

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    20. Soft-Tissue Material Properties and Mechanogenetics during Cardiovascular Development

      Soft-Tissue Material Properties and Mechanogenetics during Cardiovascular Development

      During embryonic development, changes in the cardiovascular microstructure and material properties are essential for an integrated biomechanical understanding. This knowledge also enables realistic predictive computational tools, specifically targeting the formation of congenital heart defects. Material characterization of cardiovascular embryonic tissue at consequent embryonic stages is critical to understand growth, remodeling, and hemodynamic functions. Two biomechanical loading modes, which are wall shear stress and blood pressure, are associated with distinct molecular pathways and govern vascular morphology through microstructural remodeling. Dynamic embryonic tissues have complex signaling networks integrated with mechanical factors such as stress, strain, and stiffness. While the multiscale interplay between ...

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    21. Needle-Probe Optical Coherence Tomography for Real-Time Visualization of Veress Peritoneal Needle Placement in a Porcine Model: A New Safety Concept for Pneumoperitoneum Establishment in Laparoscopic Surgery

      Needle-Probe Optical Coherence Tomography for Real-Time Visualization of Veress Peritoneal Needle Placement in a Porcine Model: A New Safety Concept for Pneumoperitoneum Establishment in Laparoscopic Surgery

      The safe establishment of pneumoperitoneum is a critical step in all laparoscopic surgeries. A closed pneumoperitoneum is usually obtained by inserting a Veress needle into the peritoneal cavity. However, there is no definite measure to visually confirm the position of the Veress needle tip inside the peritoneal cavity. This study aimed to describe a method of real-time visual detection of peritoneal placement of the Veress needle using an incorporated optical coherence tomography (OCT) probe in a porcine model. A 14-gauge Veress needle was incorporated with a miniature fiber probe to puncture the piglet’s abdominal wall into the peritoneal cavity ...

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    22. The In Vivo Quantitative Assessment of the Effectiveness of Low-Dose Photodynamic Therapy on Wound Healing Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      The In Vivo Quantitative Assessment of the Effectiveness of Low-Dose Photodynamic Therapy on Wound Healing Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      The effect of low-dose photodynamic therapy on in vivo wound healing was investigated using optical coherence tomography. This work aims to develop an approach to quantitative assessment of the wound’s state during wound healing including the effect of low-dose photodynamic therapy using topical application of two different photosensitizers, 5-aminolevulinic acid and methylene blue, and two laser doses of 1 J/cm 2 and 4 J/cm 2 . It was concluded that the laser dose of 4 J/cm 2 was better compared to 1 J/cm 2 and allowed the wound healing process to accelerate.

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    23. Exploiting Nanomaterials for Optical Coherence Tomography and Photoacoustic Imaging in Nanodentistry

      Exploiting Nanomaterials for Optical Coherence Tomography and Photoacoustic Imaging in Nanodentistry

      There is already a societal awareness of the growing impact of nanoscience and nanotechnology, with nanomaterials (with at least one dimension less than 100 nm) now incorporated in items as diverse as mobile phones, clothes or dentifrices. In the healthcare area, nanoparticles of biocompatible materials have already been used for cancer treatment or bioimaging enhancement. Nanotechnology in dentistry, or nanodentistry, has already found some developments in dental nanomaterials for caries management, restorative dentistry and orthodontic adhesives. In this review, we present state-of-the-art scientific development in nanodentistry with an emphasis on two imaging techniques exploiting nanomaterials: optical coherence tomography (OCT) and ...

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    24. Assessment of the Effectiveness of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment Using Optical Coherence Tomography to Evaluate Retinal Findings

      Assessment of the Effectiveness of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment Using Optical Coherence Tomography to Evaluate Retinal Findings

      Retinal findings may change in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The present study aims to evaluate several retinal findings, such as macula layer thickness, the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer, and the optic nerve head in patients with OSAS, using optical coherence tomography (OCT); it also aims to monitor the result of several types of treatment of OSAS with OCT. A prospective comparative study was designed. Patients were recruited at a Sleep Unit of a University Hospital and underwent comprehensive ophthalmological examinations. Following exclusion criteria, fifty-two patients with OSAS were finally included. Patients were examined by OCT twice ...

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