1. 25-48 of 164 « 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 »
    1. Mean-Subtraction Method for De-shadowing of Tail Artifacts in Cerebral OCTA Images: A Proof of Concept

      Mean-Subtraction Method for De-shadowing of Tail Artifacts in Cerebral OCTA Images: A Proof of Concept

      When imaging brain vasculature with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), volumetric analysis of cortical vascular networks in OCTA datasets is frequently challenging due to the presence of artifacts, which appear as multiple-scattering tails beneath superficial large vessels in OCTA images. These tails shadow underlying small vessels, making the assessment of vascular morphology in the deep cortex difficult. In this work, we introduce an image processing technique based on mean subtraction of the depth profile that can effectively reduce these tails to better reveal small hidden vessels compared to the current tail removal approach. With the improved vascular image quality, we ...

      Read Full Article
    2. Changes in Iris Perfusion Following Scleral Buckle Surgery for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment: An Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (AS-OCTA) Study

      Changes in Iris Perfusion Following Scleral Buckle Surgery for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment: An Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (AS-OCTA) Study

      Purpose: To investigate iris vasculature changes following scleral buckling (SB) surgery in eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) with anterior-segment (AS) optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: In this prospective study, enrolled subjects were imaged with an SS-OCTA system (PLEX Elite 9000, Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc., Dublin, CA, USA). Image acquisition of the iris was obtained using an AS lens and a manual focusing adjustment in the iris using the retina imaging software. The quantitative analysis was performed in eight different iris regions: (i) superior, (ii) supero-temporal, (iii) supero-nasal, (iv) nasal, (v) temporal, (vi) inferior, (vii) infero-temporal, (viii) infero nasal ...

      Read Full Article
    3. Correlation between Lesion Progression and Depolarization Assessed by Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography

      Correlation between Lesion Progression and Depolarization Assessed by Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography

      The detection of early stages of caries is still one of the major challenges in preservative dentistry. Since it is known from polarized light microscopy (PLM) that intrinsic enamel birefringence is affected by demineralization, polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PSOCT) could facilitate the noninvasive detection and assessment of early carious lesions. The present study aims to correlate enamel lesion progression and depolarization measurements based on PSOCT in an artificial demineralization model. A total of 18 enamel slabs were prepared from bovine incisor teeth and demineralized in an acetic buffer solution for up to 49 days. The degree of polarization (DOP)—indicating ...

      Read Full Article
    4. Spectrally Sparse Tensor Reconstruction in Optical Coherence Tomography Using Nuclear Norm Penalisation

      Spectrally Sparse Tensor Reconstruction in Optical Coherence Tomography Using Nuclear Norm Penalisation

      Reconstruction of 3D objects in various tomographic measurements is an important problem which can be naturally addressed within the mathematical framework of 3D tensors. In Optical Coherence Tomography, the reconstruction problem can be recast as a tensor completion problem. Following the seminal work of Candès et al., the approach followed in the present work is based on the assumption that the rank of the object to be reconstructed is naturally small, and we leverage this property by using a nuclear norm-type penalisation. In this paper, a detailed study of nuclear norm penalised reconstruction using the tubal Singular Value Decomposition ...

      Read Full Article
    5. Optical Interferometric Fringe Pattern-Incorporated Spectrum Calibration Technique for Enhanced Sensitivity of Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Optical Interferometric Fringe Pattern-Incorporated Spectrum Calibration Technique for Enhanced Sensitivity of Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Depth-visualizing sensitivity can be degraded due to imperfect optical alignment and non-equidistant distribution of optical signals in the pixel array, which requires a measurement of the re-sampling process. To enhance this depth-visualizing sensitivity, reference and sample arm-channeled spectra corresponding to different depths using mirrors were obtained to calibrate the spectrum sampling prior to Fourier transformation. During the process, eight interferogram patterns corresponding to point spread function (PSF) signals at eight optical path length differences were acquired. To calibrate the spectrum, generated intensity points of the original interferogram were re-indexed towards a maximum intensity range, and these interferogram re-indexing points were ...

      Read Full Article
    6. Multi-modal Anterior Eye Imager Combining Ultra-High Resolution OCT and Microvascular Imaging for Structural and Functional Evaluation of the Human Eye

      Multi-modal Anterior Eye Imager Combining Ultra-High Resolution OCT and Microvascular Imaging for Structural and Functional Evaluation of the Human Eye

      To establish complementary information for the diagnosis and evaluation of ocular surface diseases, we developed a multi-modal, non-invasive optical imaging platform by combining ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography (UHR-OCT) with a microvascular imaging system based on slit-lamp biomicroscopy. Our customized UHR-OCT module achieves an axial resolution of ≈2.9 μm in corneal tissue with a broadband light source and an A-line acquisition rate of 24 kHz with a line array CCD camera. The microvascular imaging module has a lateral resolution of 3.5 μm under maximum magnification of ≈187.5× with an imaging rate of 60 frames/s, which is ...

      Read Full Article
    7. Intraretinal Fluid Pattern Characterization in Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      Intraretinal Fluid Pattern Characterization in Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) has become a relevant image modality in the ophthalmological clinical practice, as it offers a detailed representation of the eye fundus. This medical imaging modality is currently one of the main means of identification and characterization of intraretinal cystoid regions, a crucial task in the diagnosis of exudative macular disease or macular edema, among the main causes of blindness in developed countries. This work presents an exhaustive analysis of intensity and texture-based descriptors for its identification and classification, using a complete set of 510 texture features, three state-of-the-art feature selection strategies, and seven representative classifier strategies ...

      Read Full Article
    8. Changes in the Retinal Microvasculature Measured Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography According to Age

      Changes in the Retinal Microvasculature Measured Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography According to Age

      In this cross-sectional study, we examined age-related changes in the retinal vessels of 100 healthy participants, aged from 5 to 80 years, and divided into four groups (G1, under 20 years of age; G2, from 20 to 39 years of age; G3, from 40 to 59 years of age; G4, age 60 years or older). All subjects underwent swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA). The vascular density (VD) of the superficial (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP), and choriocapillaris (CCP) were measured using OCTA. The vascular density of each capillary layer, foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, ganglion ...

      Read Full Article
    9. Diagnosis of Occlusal Caries with Dynamic Slicing of 3D Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      Diagnosis of Occlusal Caries with Dynamic Slicing of 3D Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      Detecting the extent of occlusal caries is a clinically important but challenging task required for treatment decision making. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic power of 3D swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) for evaluation of occlusal caries in comparison with X-ray radiography. Extracted human molars not exhibiting American Dental Association (ADA) criteria advanced caries were mounted in a silicone block and digital dental radiographs were captured from the buccal side. Subsequently, occlusal surfaces were scanned with a prototype Yoshida Dental OCT. Thirteen examiners evaluated the presence and extent of caries on radiographs and dynamically sliced 3D ...

      Read Full Article
    10. Special Issue "Development and Application of Imaging Analysis in Ocular Diseases"

      Special Issue "Development and Application of Imaging Analysis in Ocular Diseases"

      Dear Colleagues, The eye is a complex organ that is capable of turning light into sight, allowing us to interpret our surroundings by working similarly to the conventional camera, which gathers, focuses, and transmits light through a lens. Various analyses relying on image-processing algorithms have been proposed to efficiently examine subtle changes in the eye to diagnose ocular diseases. Also, numerous studies have shown that the vessels and neural layers in the eye reflect what is going on in other organs, specifically the heart and brain. Images from the eye have become enormous troves of data for algorithm development in ...

      Read Full Article
    11. Short-Term Effects of Dark Chocolate on Retinal and Choriocapillaris Perfusion in Young, Healthy Subjects Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Short-Term Effects of Dark Chocolate on Retinal and Choriocapillaris Perfusion in Young, Healthy Subjects Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      (1) Aim: Contrasting results have been published on the effect of dark chocolate on visual function. The aim of this study was to evaluate retinal and choriocapillaris perfusion, using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A), and visual function in healthy subjects following dark chocolate ingestion. (2) Methods: This prospective randomized study was carried out on 18 healthy young subjects at the St. Andrea Hospital, Sapienza, University of Rome. Visual acuity assessment and a complete ophthalmologic examination were carried out at baseline. In session one, each subject was randomized to eat either a 100 g dark chocolate bar or a 100 g ...

      Read Full Article
    12. Parafoveal and Peripapillary Perfusion Predict Visual Field Recovery in Chiasmal Compression due to Pituitary Tumors

      Parafoveal and Peripapillary Perfusion Predict Visual Field Recovery in Chiasmal Compression due to Pituitary Tumors

      Background: To evaluate the potential of vessel density alterations for predicting postoperative visual field (VF) improvement in chiasmal compression using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). Methods: The study investigated 57 eyes of 57 patients diagnosed with pituitary tumors and 42 eyes of 42 age and refractive error matched controls. All eyes with chiasmal compression for which preoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT-A, and pre- and postoperative VF data were available. Preoperative vessel densities of superficial retinal capillary plexus (SRCP), deep retinal capillary plexus (DRCP), and radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) segment were utilized by OCT-A. Results: Preoperative peripapillary retinal nerve ...

      Read Full Article
    13. MDAN-UNet: Multi-Scale and Dual Attention Enhanced Nested U-Net Architecture for Segmentation of Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      MDAN-UNet: Multi-Scale and Dual Attention Enhanced Nested U-Net Architecture for Segmentation of Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical high-resolution imaging technique for ophthalmic diagnosis. In this paper, we take advantages of multi-scale input, multi-scale side output and dual attention mechanism and present an enhanced nested U-Net architecture (MDAN-UNet), a new powerful fully convolutional network for automatic end-to-end segmentation of OCT images. We have evaluated two versions of MDAN-UNet (MDAN-UNet-16 and MDAN-UNet-32) on two publicly available benchmark datasets which are the Duke Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) dataset and the RETOUCH dataset, in comparison with other state-of-the-art segmentation methods. Our experiment demonstrates that MDAN-UNet-32 achieved the best performance, followed by MDAN-UNet-16 with smaller ...

      Read Full Article
    14. Choroidal Vascularity Index: An In-Depth Analysis of This Novel Optical Coherence Tomography Parameter

      Choroidal Vascularity Index: An In-Depth Analysis of This Novel Optical Coherence Tomography Parameter

      Remarkable improvements in optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology have resulted in highly sophisticated, noninvasive machines allowing detailed and advanced morphological evaluation of all retinal and choroidal layers. Postproduction semiautomated imaging analysis with dedicated public-domain software allows precise quantitative analysis of binarized OCT images. In this regard, the choroidal vascularity index (CVI) is emerging as a new imaging tool for the measurement and analysis of the choroidal vascular system by quantifying both luminal and stromal choroidal components. Numerous reports have been published so far regarding CVI and its potential applications in healthy eyes as well as in the evaluation and management ...

      Read Full Article
    15. Fourier-Domain OCT Imaging of the Ocular Surface and Tear Film Dynamics: A Review of the State of the Art and an Integrative Model of the Tear Behavior during the Inter-Blink Period and Visual Fixation

      Fourier-Domain OCT Imaging of the Ocular Surface and Tear Film Dynamics: A Review of the State of the Art and an Integrative Model of the Tear Behavior during the Inter-Blink Period and Visual Fixation

      In the last few decades, the ocular surface and the tear film have been noninvasively investigated in vivo, in a three-dimensional, high resolution, and real-time mode, by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Recently, OCT technology has made great strides in improving the acquisition speed and image resolution, thus increasing its impact in daily clinical practice and in the research setting. All these results have been achieved because of a transition from traditional time-domain (TD) to Fourier-domain (FD) technology. FD-OCT devices include a spectrometer in the receiver that analyzes the spectrum of reflected light on the retina or ocular surface and transforms ...

      Read Full Article
    16. Tandem Mach Zehnder Directional Coupler Design and Simulation on Silicon Platform for Optical Coherence Tomography Applications

      Tandem Mach Zehnder Directional Coupler Design and Simulation on Silicon Platform for Optical Coherence Tomography Applications

      We design and compare the splitting ratio wavelength flatness of directional coupler (DC), Mach-Zehnder directional coupler (MZDC), and tandem MZDC. All coupler responses are analyzed, and tandem MZDC performance is the best in the wavelength insensitivity compared with the other two. An MZDC with any coupling ratio could be utilized to match the maximum flatness in a 40-nm wavelength range. To extend a broad flatness range, the tandem MZDC is proposed and still follows the Mach Zehnder structure taking two MZDCs as couplers connected through a decoupled region. Unlike DC, MZDC with the flat wavelength response has a non-linear output ...

      Read Full Article
    17. Highly Stable All-Fiber-Ring Short-Cavity Continuously Tuned Swept Source

      Highly Stable All-Fiber-Ring Short-Cavity Continuously Tuned Swept Source

      In this study, we present a swept source that can intelligently control its sweeping speed while satisfying the commercial stability and miniaturization standards. The source’s central wavelength of the output spectrum is 1300 nm and spectral width is greater than 100 nm. Meanwhile, the scan frequency can be adjusted to range from 20 to 100 kHz, and the stability degree of the optical capacity is less than 0.34%. Additionally, this study establishes a numerical model for the swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS–OCT) system and introduces a numerical simulation of the signal produced during the OCT imaging process ...

      Read Full Article
    18. Angiographic Imaging of an In Vivo Mouse Brain as a Guiding Star for Automatic Digital Refocusing in OCT

      Angiographic Imaging of an In Vivo Mouse Brain as a Guiding Star for Automatic Digital Refocusing in OCT

      A method allows the extraction of the recovery factor that maximizes the image contrast of OCT (optical coherence tomography) and/or OCTA (OCT angiography) of a living subject is proposed in this study. Due to the finite depth of focus in imaging optics, the volume OCT imaging suffers from blurriness in the lateral resolution. By utilizing the digital hologram method or angular spectrum method, the blurred image can be refocused. However, for in vivo OCT imaging, evaluation of the image focus is not easy, owing to the cloudy structure of the brain. In the proposed method, the blood flow signals ...

      Read Full Article
    19. Post-Processing Method for Image Reconstruction Enhancement in Integrating-Bucket-Based Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography

      Post-Processing Method for Image Reconstruction Enhancement in Integrating-Bucket-Based Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography

      An integrating-bucket method is widely used as a reconstruction tool for full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT). However, it requires high-precision adjustments of the phase modulation parameters. If the parameters are not optimal, the reconstructed tomogram will incur severe artifacts. We propose a post-processing method for removing or reducing such artifacts by utilizing a correction factor extracted from a pre-reconstructed tomogram. FF-OCT imaging created using a coin verifies the effectiveness of the method not only for a single en face image but also for an entire 3-D image. It is expected that the proposed method will expand the application of FF-OCT ...

      Read Full Article
    20. Functional and Structural Reliability of Optic Nerve Head Measurements in Healthy Eyes by Means of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Functional and Structural Reliability of Optic Nerve Head Measurements in Healthy Eyes by Means of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Background and Objectives : the aim of the study was to evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of optical microangiography (OMAG)-based optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in the optic nerve head (ONH) and radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) perfusion assessment of healthy eyes. Materials and Methods : in this observational study, a total of 40 healthy subjects underwent ONH evaluation, using an OMAG-based OCTA system at baseline (T 0 ), after 30 min (T 1 ), and after 7 days (T 2 ). The main outcome measures were the vessel density (VD) and flux index (FI) of the RPCs, as well as peri-papillary retinal nerve fibre ...

      Read Full Article
    21. Infracyanine Green vs. Brilliant Blue G in Inverted Flap Surgery for Large Macular Holes: A Long-Term Swept-Source OCT Analysis

      Infracyanine Green vs. Brilliant Blue G in Inverted Flap Surgery for Large Macular Holes: A Long-Term Swept-Source OCT Analysis

      Background and Objectives: To compare the long-term toxicity of infracyanine green (IFCG) to brilliant blue G (BBG) in inverted internal limiting membrane flap surgery (I-ILMFS) for large, full-thickness macular holes (FTMHs). Materials and Methods: Prospective randomized study including 39 eyes with ≥ 400 µm idiopathic FTMH who underwent I-ILMFS with either IFCG or BBG. Postoperative 6- and 12-month corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), closure rate, and swept-source optical coherence tomography parameters, including ellipsoid zone (EZ) and external limiting membrane (ELM) mean defect length, central foveal thicknesses (CFT), parafoveal macular thickness (MT), ganglion cells and inner plexiform layer (GCL++) thickness, and peripapillary ...

      Read Full Article
    22. Morpho-Functional Evaluation of Full-Thickness Macular Holes by the Integration of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Microperimetry

      Morpho-Functional Evaluation of Full-Thickness Macular Holes by the Integration of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Microperimetry

      (1) Objective: To use optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and microperimetry (MP) to evaluate the correlation between retinal structure and function in patients with idiopathic, full-thickness macular holes (FTMHs) (2) Methods: This prospective, observational study included 11 eyes of 10 patients with FTMHs evaluated before surgery using OCTA and MP. MP sensitivity maps were superimposed and registered on slabs corresponding to superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) on OCTA, and on the outer plexiform layer (OPL) and the Henle fiber layer (HFL) complex in en face OCT. On these maps, mean retinal sensitivity was calculated at 2 ...

      Read Full Article
    23. Widefield Swept Source OCTA in Retinitis Pigmentosa

      Widefield Swept Source OCTA in Retinitis Pigmentosa

      1) Background: To evaluate superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus (DCP), choriocapillaris (CC), perfusion density (PD), and vessel length density (VLD) in macular and near/mid periphery regions in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) using widefield swept source optical coherence tomography angiography (WSS-OCTA). (2) Methods: Twelve RP patients (20 eyes) and 20 age-matched subjects (20 eyes) were imaged with the SS-OCTA system (PLEX Elite 9000, Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc., Dublin, CA, USA). Quantitative analysis was performed in the macular and peripheral regions. The main outcome measures were SCP, DCP, CC, PD, and VLD in central and peripheral areas. (3 ...

      Read Full Article
    24. Demonstration of Optical Coherence Tomography Guided Big Bubble Technique for Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (DALK)

      Demonstration of Optical Coherence Tomography Guided Big Bubble Technique for Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (DALK)

      Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) is a highly challenging procedure for cornea transplant that involves removing the corneal layers above Descemet’s membrane (DM). This is achieved by a “big bubble” technique where a needle is inserted into the stroma of the cornea down to DM and the injection of either air or liquid. DALK has important advantages over penetrating keratoplasty (PK) including lower rejection rate, less endothelial cell loss, and increased graft survival. In this paper, we successfully designed and evaluated the optical coherence tomography (OCT) distal sensor integrated needle for a precise big bubble technique. We successfully used ...

      Read Full Article
    25-48 of 164 « 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 »
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks