1. Articles from jcdr.net

  2. 1-10 of 10
    1. Evaluation of Retinal Thickness in Neurodegenerative Diseases using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Evaluation of Retinal Thickness in Neurodegenerative Diseases using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Introduction: Neurodegenerative diseases are characterised by axonal lesions throughout the central nervous system, including the eye with changes in macular thickness and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL) on histopathologic evaluation. Optical coherence tomography facilitates retina as a surrogate measure of neurodegenerative disease activity. Aim: To evaluate macular thickness and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in patients with neurodegenerative diseases using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Materials and Methods: An analytical observational case control study was carried out over a period of two years. Cases consisted of patients (n=20) with neurodegenerative disorders and controls were age and sex matched ...

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    2. Morphometric Analysis of Peripapillary Thickness in Hypertensives and Normotensives using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

      Morphometric Analysis of Peripapillary Thickness in Hypertensives and Normotensives using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

      Introduction: Hypotension following antihypertensive treatment is associated with retinal nerve fibre loss. There are studies that have reported the changes in RNFL in hypertensives. Aim: To compare the Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer (RNFL) thickness using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) in hypertensive and normotensive individuals. Materials and Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2012 to September 2014 to compare the RNFL thickness using SD OCT in hypertensive {no other ocular or systemic co-morbidity, vision better or equal to 6/9 (n=30)} and normotensive (n=30) individuals. Results: Statistically significant RNFL loss was detected in hypertensives (98.31 ± 7 ...

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    3. Study of Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer Thickness in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Using Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Study of Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer Thickness in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Using Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Introduction: Diabetic retina undergoes degenerative changes in retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in addition to vascular changes. Loss of RNFL with changes in inner retina and their association with metabolic control have been studied with varied results in diabetic patients. Aim: To compare the RNFL thickness between diabetic patients and age matched healthy controls and to correlate the thickness to metabolic control. Materials and Methods: One hundred and sixty five patients were enrolled in the study out of which 50 served as controls, 58 patients were diabetic without retinopathy and 57 patients had diabetic retinopathy. Both eyes of all patients ...

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    4. Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography for Tear Meniscus Evaluation and its Correlation with other Tear Variables in Healthy Individuals

      Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography for Tear Meniscus Evaluation and its Correlation with other Tear Variables in Healthy Individuals

      Introduction: Dry eye is one of the most common ocular diseases in this cyber era. Despite availability of multiple tests, no single test is accurate for the diagnosis of dry eye. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography is the recent tool which can be added in the armentarium of dry eye tests. Aim: To evaluate tear meniscus with anterior segment optical coherence tomography and its correlation with other tear variables in normal healthy individuals. Materials and Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional observational study right eye of 203 consecutive patients were studied. All the patients were divided into three groups Group 1 ...

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    5. Correlation of Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness and Axial Length on Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Correlation of Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness and Axial Length on Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Introduction: The assessment of the peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL) thickness has been an important tool for evaluating and diagnosing glaucoma and its progression. Literature suggests that myopic eyes are at an increased risk for developing glaucoma. This study gives an insight into the relationship of RNFL thickness to the axial length in normal population. Aim: To correlate the RNFL thickness and the axial length in normal individuals with Fourier domain Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Materials and Methods: In the current study, 298 eyes of 149 normal individuals (10 years or older) with or without refractive error were recruited ...

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    6. Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in Assessing Anterior Chamber Angles

      Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in Assessing Anterior Chamber Angles

      Introduction: Gonioscopy is the gold standard in assessing anterior chamber angles. However, interobserver variations are common and there is a need for reliable objective method of assessment. Aim: To compare the anterior chamber angle by gonioscopy and Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) in individuals with shallow anterior chamber. Materials and Methods: This comparative observational study was conducted in a rural tertiary multi-speciality teaching hospital. A total of 101 eyes of 54 patients with shallow anterior chamber on slit lamp evaluation were included. Anterior chamber angle was graded by gonioscopy using the shaffer grading system. Angles were also assessed by ...

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    7. Evaluation of Choroidal Thickness and Volume during the Third Trimester of Pregnancy using Enhanced Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography: A Pilot Study

      Evaluation of Choroidal Thickness and Volume during the Third Trimester of Pregnancy using Enhanced Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography: A Pilot Study

      Background During pregnancy the maternal choroid is exposed to the multiple haemodynamic and hormonal alterations inherent to this physiological condition. These changes may influence choroidal anatomy. In this study a quantitative assessment of overall choroidal structure is performed, by constructing a 3-dimensional topographic map of this vascular bed. Purpose To compare the thickness and volume of the maternal choroidal in the third trimester of pregnancy with that of an age-matched control group of women. Materials and Methods Twenty-four eyes of 12 pregnant women in the last trimester and 12 age-matched healthy controls (24 eyes) were included. Optical coherence tomography in ...

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    8. Effect of Refractive Status and Axial Length on Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer Thickness: An Analysis Using 3D OCT

      Effect of Refractive Status and Axial Length on Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer Thickness: An Analysis Using 3D OCT

      Background: Accurate measurement of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) is now possible with the high resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT). Effect of refractive status of the eye on RNFL thickness may be relevant in the diagnosis of glaucoma and other optic nerve diseases. Aim: To assess the RNFL thickness and compare its correlation with refractive status and axial length of the eye. Material and Methods: Three hundred eyes of 150 patients were included in this study, who underwent RNFL analysis using TOPCON 3D OCT 2000. Analysis of variance has been used to find the significance of study parameters between the ...

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    9. Evaluation of Choroidal Thickness and Volume during the Third Trimester of Pregnancy using Enhanced Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography: A Pilot Study

      Evaluation of Choroidal Thickness and Volume during the Third Trimester of Pregnancy using Enhanced Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography: A Pilot Study

      Background: During pregnancy the maternal choroid is exposed to the multiple haemodynamic and hormonal alterations inherent to this physiological condition. These changes may influence choroidal anatomy. In this study a quantitative assessment of overall choroidal structure is performed, by constructing a 3-dimensional topographic map of this vascular bed. Purpose: To compare the thickness and volume of the maternal choroidal in the third trimester of pregnancy with that of an age-matched control group of women. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four eyes of 12 pregnant women in the last trimester and 12 age-matched healthy controls (24 eyes) were included. Optical coherence tomography in ...

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    10. Optical Coherence Tomography Assisted Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer Thickness Profile in High Myopia

      Optical Coherence Tomography Assisted Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer Thickness Profile in High Myopia

      Introduction: To evaluate the association of high myopia with retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness by Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (FD OCT). Materials and Methods: Fifty highly myopic eyes (25 patients) and forty emmetropic eyes (20 Normal subject) were randomly selected after excluding concomitant ophthalmic disorder and RNFL thickness measured using the Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (FD OCT). Results: The overall mean RNFL thickness in the myopic groups and control were 87.89 µm and 111.64 µm respectively. The mean retinal nerve fibre thickness was significantly less in myopic eyes as compared to control group (p =0 ...

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    1-10 of 10
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