1. 1-24 of 294 1 2 3 4 ... 11 12 13 »
    1. Agreement of total corneal power between 2 swept-source optical coherence tomography and Scheimpflug tomography in normal and keratoconic patients

      Agreement of total corneal power between 2 swept-source optical coherence tomography and Scheimpflug tomography in normal and keratoconic patients

      Purpose To evaluate agreement of total corneal power (TCP) measured by swept-source anterior segment optical coherence tomography (CASIA 2), Scheimpflug tomography (Pentacam AXL), and swept-source optical biometer (IOLMaster 700) in normal and keratoconic patients. Methods This is a prospective observational study conducted at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Biometric values were measured by each device for three times by two operators to evaluate repeatability and reproducibility of TCP. The agreement of TCP and other parameters including total corneal astigmatism, anterior keratometry, anterior corneal astigmatism, posterior keratometry, posterior corneal astigmatism, anterior chamber depth, white-to-white corneal diameter (WTW), central corneal thickness ...

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    2. Outer retinal features in OCT predict visual recovery after primary macula-involving retinal detachment repair

      Outer retinal features in OCT predict visual recovery after primary macula-involving retinal detachment repair

      Purpose To find predictive markers for the visual potential in optical coherence tomography (OCT) one month after surgical repair of macula-involving rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (miRD) with and without internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling. Methods This retrospective single-center, single-surgeon cohort study included 74 patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for primary miRD between January 2013 and August 2020 with follow-up examinations for at least 6 months. Patients developing recurrent detachments, media opacities, or with an axial length over 27 mm were excluded from the analysis. LogMAR visual (VA) and LogRAD reading acuity (RA) ± standard deviation (SD), and OCT measurements 6 ...

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    3. Spectral-domain OCT measurements in obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis

      Spectral-domain OCT measurements in obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis

      Background Previous studies proposed possible applications of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) measurements in prognosticating pathologies observed in overweight/obesity, including ocular, vascular, and neurologic consequences. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the changes in the in SD-OCT measurements of the patients with higher body mass index (BMI) compared to normal weight individuals. Materials and methods We conducted a systematic search on PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. The search results underwent two-phase title/abstract and full-text screenings. We then analyzed SD-OCT measurements differences in patients with high BMI and controls, and performed meta-regression, sub-group analysis, quality assessment ...

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    4. Morphology of foveal hypoplasia: Hyporeflective zones in the Henle fiber layer of eyes with high-grade foveal hypoplasia

      Morphology of foveal hypoplasia: Hyporeflective zones in the Henle fiber layer of eyes with high-grade foveal hypoplasia

      Background Foveal hypoplasia is characterized by the persistance of inner retinal layers at the macular center. We evaluated using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) morphological parameters of the macular center of eyes with foveal hypoplasia and describe the presence of hyporeflective zones in the Henle fiber layer (HFL) of eyes with high-grade foveal hypoplasia. Methods Eyes with foveal hypoplasia were classified into two groups: high-grade foveal hypoplasia with thick inner retinal layers at the macular center (thickness above 100 μm; 16 eyes of 9 subjects) and low-grade foveal hypoplasia with thinner inner retinal layers at the macular center (thickness below ...

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    5. Thrombus characteristics evaluated by acute optical coherence tomography in ST elevation myocardial Infarction

      Thrombus characteristics evaluated by acute optical coherence tomography in ST elevation myocardial Infarction

      Aims ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is caused by an occlusive thrombosis of a coronary artery. We wanted to assess if the thrombus can be characterized according to erythrocyte content and age using intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) in a clinical setting. Methods and results We performed manual thrombus aspiration in 66 STEMI patients. OCT was done of the thrombus remnants after aspiration. A light intensity ratio was measured through the thrombus. Forty two of the aspirates had thrombus which could be analyzed histomorphologically for analysis of erythrocyte and platelet content, and to determine the age of thrombus as fresh ...

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    6. Evaluation of ocular biometry in primary angle-closure disease with two swept source optical coherence tomography devices

      Evaluation of ocular biometry in primary angle-closure disease with two swept source optical coherence tomography devices

      Purpose To investigate agreement between 2 swept source OCT biometers, IOL Master700 and Anterion, in various ocular biometry and intraocular lens (IOL) calculations of primary angle-closure disease (PACD). Setting Rajavithi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Design Prospective comparative study. Methods This study conducted in a tertiary eye care center involving biometric measurements obtained with 2 devices in phakic eye with diagnosis of PACD. Mean difference and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) with confidence limits were assessed, and calculations of estimated residual refraction of the IOL were analysed using Barrett’s formula. Results Sixty-nine eyes from 45 PACD patients were enrolled for the study ...

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    7. Utilization of deep learning to quantify fluid volume of neovascular age-related macular degeneration patients based on swept-source OCT imaging: The ONTARIO study

      Utilization of deep learning to quantify fluid volume of neovascular age-related macular degeneration patients based on swept-source OCT imaging: The ONTARIO study

      Purpose: To evaluate the predictive ability of a deep learning-based algorithm to determine long-term best-corrected distance visual acuity (BCVA) outcomes in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nARMD) patients using baseline swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and OCT-angiography (OCT-A) data. Methods: In this phase IV, retrospective, proof of concept, single center study, SS-OCT data from 17 previously treated nARMD eyes was used to assess retinal layer thicknesses, as well as quantify intraretinal fluid (IRF), subretinal fluid (SRF), and serous pigment epithelium detachments (PEDs) using a novel deep learning-based, macular fluid segmentation algorithm. Baseline OCT and OCT-A morphological features and fluid measurements were ...

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    8. Feasibility, reproducibility and characteristics of coronary bifurcation type assessment by three-dimensional optical coherence tomography

      Feasibility, reproducibility and characteristics of coronary bifurcation type assessment by three-dimensional optical coherence tomography

      Aim To investigate the characteristics of coronary artery bifurcation type (parallel or perpendicular type) using three-dimensional (3D) optical coherence tomography (OCT), and determine the feasibility, reproducibility, assessment time and correlation with bifurcation angles measured by 3D quantitative coronary angiography (QCA). Methods and results We evaluated 60 lesions at the coronary bifurcation that were treated by main vessel (MV) stenting with kissing balloon inflation (KBI) under OCT/optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) guidance. Inter- and intra-observer agreement regarding the assessment of 3D bifurcation types were 0.88 and 0.94, respectively. The assessment times of 3D-OCT bifurcation type with OCT and ...

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    9. Capillary density and caliber as assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography may be significant predictors of diabetic retinopathy severity

      Capillary density and caliber as assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography may be significant predictors of diabetic retinopathy severity

      Purpose To validate retinal capillary density and caliber associations with diabetic retinopathy (DR) severity in different clinical settings. Methods This cross-sectional study assessed retinal capillary density and caliber in the superficial retinal layer of 3-mm OCTA scans centered on the fovea. Images were collected from non-diabetic controls and subjects with mild or referable DR (defined DR worse than mild DR) between February 2016 and December 2019 at secondary and tertiary eye care centers. Vessel Skeleton Density (VSD), a measure of capillary density, and Vessel Diameter Index (VDI), a measure of vascular caliber, were calculated from these images. Discriminatory performance of ...

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    10. Optical coherence tomography for identification of malignant pulmonary nodules based on random forest machine learning algorithm

      Optical coherence tomography for identification of malignant pulmonary nodules based on random forest machine learning algorithm

      Objective: To explore the feasibility of using random forest (RF) machine learning algorithm in assessing normal and malignant peripheral pulmonary nodules based on in vivo endobronchial optical coherence tomography (EB-OCT). Methods: A total of 31 patients with pulmonary nodules were admitted to Department of Respiratory Medicine, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, and underwent chest CT, EB-OCT and biopsy. Attenuation coefficient and up to 56 different image features were extracted from A-line and B-scan of 1703 EB-OCT images. Attenuation coefficient and 29 image features with significant p-values were used to analyze the differences between normal and malignant samples. A RF classifier was ...

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    11. The diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of OCT for the evaluation of the visual function in children with a brain tumour

      The diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of OCT for the evaluation of the visual function in children with a brain tumour

      Purpose To systematically review the evidence on the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect visual acuity (VA) or visual field (VF) loss in children with a brain tumour. Methods PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases were searched from inception to February 2021. We included studies evaluating retinal OCT and standard visual function parameters (VA and or VF) in children with a brain tumour. Two authors independently extracted data from each included study. They also assessed the methodological quality of the studies using the QUADAS-2 or QUIPS tool. The diagnostic accuracy of OCT was ...

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    12. OCTAVA: An open-source toolbox for quantitative analysis of optical coherence tomography angiography images

      OCTAVA: An open-source toolbox for quantitative analysis of optical coherence tomography angiography images

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) performs non-invasive visualization and characterization of microvasculature in research and clinical applications mainly in ophthalmology and dermatology. A wide variety of instruments, imaging protocols, processing methods and metrics have been used to describe the microvasculature, such that comparing different study outcomes is currently not feasible. With the goal of contributing to standardization of OCTA data analysis, we report a user-friendly, open-source toolbox, OCTAVA (OCTA Vascular Analyzer), to automate the pre-processing, segmentation, and quantitative analysis of en face OCTA maximum intensity projection images in a standardized workflow. We present each analysis step, including optimization of filtering ...

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    13. Relationship between the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio and the optical coherence tomographic features of chorioretina in patients with preeclampsia

      Relationship between the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio and the optical coherence tomographic features of chorioretina in patients with preeclampsia

      This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between ophthalmologic factors and the serologic indicator soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1): placental growth factor (PlGF) ratio in patients with preeclampsia using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCT-A). A total of 52 pregnant patients (104 eyes) diagnosed with preeclampsia were recruited during their hospital stay. The associations between the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio and chorioretinal measurements, including the choroidal thickness (CT), foveal avascular zone, vascular density, and ganglion cell layer+ were evaluated. Central and nasal subfield CT of the left eye (p = 0.039; p = 0.010) and nasal subfield CT ...

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    14. The role of OCT- angiography in predicting anatomical and functional recovery after endoscopic endonasal pituitary surgery: A 1-year longitudinal study

      The role of OCT- angiography in predicting anatomical and functional recovery after endoscopic endonasal pituitary surgery: A 1-year longitudinal study

      Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in structural spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), OCT Angiography (OCTA) parameters, and visual acuity, 1 year after endoscopic endonasal approach for the removal of an intra-suprasellar pituitary adenoma compressing optic chiasm and compare outcomes with 48 hours postoperative data. Methods: Sixteen eyes of eight patients (4 males, 4 females, mean age 52 ± 11 years) were enrolled in this prospective study. The primary outcome was to evaluate the changes over time before and after surgery, analyzing the Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA), Ganglion Cell Complex (GCC), Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer ...

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    15. Correlations among age, sex, axial length, and subfoveal choroidal thickness in the choriocapillaris structure analyzed using multiple en face image averaging optical coherence tomography angiography

      Correlations among age, sex, axial length, and subfoveal choroidal thickness in the choriocapillaris structure analyzed using multiple en face image averaging optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose To analyze the structure of the choriocapillaris in healthy eyes by using averaged en face images acquired using swept source optical coherence tomography angiography and to examine the changes in the macular profile in relation to age, sex, axial length, and choroidal thickness. Methods This prospective, cross-sectional study included 81 eyes of 81 subjects without ophthalmologic or systemic diseases who underwent a full ophthalmologic examination, including 3 × 3-mm macular optical coherence tomography angiography. Four to nine choriocapillaris en face images were registered and averaged. The averaged images were then binarized and analyzed. Results The averaged choriocapillaris images showed a ...

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    16. Impact of stent edge dissection detected by optical coherence tomography after current-generation drug-eluting stent implantation

      Impact of stent edge dissection detected by optical coherence tomography after current-generation drug-eluting stent implantation

      Background Stent edge dissection (SED) is a well-known predictor of worse clinical outcomes. However, impact of SED after current-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation remains unknown since there was no study using only current-generation DES to assess impact of SED. This study aimed to investigate a relationship between SED detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and clinical outcomes after current-generation DES implantation. Methods This study enrolled 175 patients receiving OCT after current-generation DES implantation. The SED group was compared with the non-SED group in terms of the primary study endpoints which was the cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiac event (MACE ...

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    17. Impact of image averaging on vessel detection using optical coherence tomography angiography in eyes with macular oedema and in healthy eyes

      Impact of image averaging on vessel detection using optical coherence tomography angiography in eyes with macular oedema and in healthy eyes

      Purpose: To assess the repeatability of multiple automatic vessel density (VD) measurements and the effect of image averaging on vessel detection by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: An observational study was conducted in a series of healthy volunteers and patients with macular oedema. Five sequential OCTA images were acquired for each eye using the OptoVue HD device. The effect of the averaging of the 5 acquisitions on vessel detection was analysed quantitatively using a pixel-by-pixel automated analysis. In addition, two independent retina experts qualitatively assessed the change in vessel detection in averaged images segmented in 9 boxes and compared ...

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      Mentions: Visionix
    18. Racial and ethnic differences in foveal avascular zone in diabetic and nondiabetic eyes revealed by optical coherence tomography angiography

      Racial and ethnic differences in foveal avascular zone in diabetic and nondiabetic eyes revealed by optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine whether racial and ethnic differences in retinal microvasculature are detectable with quantitative measures derived from optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods OCTA scans and fundus photography were obtained in 447 eyes from 271 patients with and without diabetes between April and October 2018. Fundus photos were graded by the hospital reading center for diabetic retinopathy (DR) severity. Eight OCTA parameters relating to the foveal avascular zone (FAZ), superficial vascular perfusion, and deep vascular perfusion were analyzed for significant differences between race and ethnicity groups, self-reported by patients and organized according to ...

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    19. Effect of axial length on peripapillary microvasculature: An optical coherence tomography angiography study

      Effect of axial length on peripapillary microvasculature: An optical coherence tomography angiography study

      Objective To investigate the effects of axial length (AL) on the peripapillary microvascular density acquired from optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods Retrospective observational study. A total of 111 eyes from 111 normal healthy subjects were examined. The subjects were divided into three groups according to the AL: Group 1 (AL: < 24.0 mm; 35 eyes), Group 2 (AL: 24.0–25.99 mm; 37 eyes), and Group 3 (AL: ≥ 26 mm; 39 eyes). Peripapillary OCTA images were acquired using 6× 6 mm angiography scans, and vessel density (VD) and perfusion density (PD) of the superficial capillary plexus were calculated ...

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    20. Total venous nature of retinal deep capillary plexus inferred by continuity of prominent middle limiting membrane sign in optical coherence tomography

      Total venous nature of retinal deep capillary plexus inferred by continuity of prominent middle limiting membrane sign in optical coherence tomography

      This study aimed to theoretically identify the vascular nature of the deep capillary plexus (DCP) by examining patients presenting with both paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) and prominent middle limiting membrane (p-MLM) sign and p-MLM sign alone in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). A retrospective review of the medical records of patients with retinal vein or artery occlusion from two tertiary medical centers was performed. Consecutive patients with a clinical diagnosis of all categories of retinal artery occlusion (RAO) and retinal vein occlusion (RVO) (branch or central and ischemic or non-ischemic) who had undergone SD-OCT imaging from January 2015 to ...

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    21. Swept-source OCT reduces the risk of axial length measurement errors in eyes with cataract and epiretinal membranes

      Swept-source OCT reduces the risk of axial length measurement errors in eyes with cataract and epiretinal membranes

      Aims To compare the biometric data from partial coherence interferometry (PCI) and swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) in patients with age-related cataract and epiretinal membrane (ERM): ERM, ERM with foveoschisis and macular pseudohole. Methods 49 eyes of 49 subjects including 36 ERM, 9 ERM foveoschisis and 4 macular pseudohole were analysed to evaluate the axial length (AL) measurements and the presence of AL measurement errors, defined basing on the shape of the biometric output graphs and on the concordance of AL values between instruments. Eyes with ERM were divided in four stages according to OCT features (i.e. presence/absence of the ...

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    22. Total venous nature of retinal deep capillary plexus inferred by continuity of prominent middle limiting membrane sign in optical coherence tomography

      Total venous nature of retinal deep capillary plexus inferred by continuity of prominent middle limiting membrane sign in optical coherence tomography

      This study aimed to theoretically identify the vascular nature of the deep capillary plexus (DCP) by examining patients presenting with both paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) and prominent middle limiting membrane (p-MLM) sign and p-MLM sign alone in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). A retrospective review of the medical records of patients with retinal vein or artery occlusion from two tertiary medical centers was performed. Consecutive patients with a clinical diagnosis of all categories of retinal artery occlusion (RAO) and retinal vein occlusion (RVO) (branch or central and ischemic or non-ischemic) who had undergone SD-OCT imaging from January 2015 to ...

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    23. Changes in entropy on polarized-sensitive optical coherence tomography images after therapeutic subthreshold micropulse laser for diabetic macular edema: A pilot study

      Changes in entropy on polarized-sensitive optical coherence tomography images after therapeutic subthreshold micropulse laser for diabetic macular edema: A pilot study

      Purpose To investigate the dynamics of the healing process after therapeutic subthreshold micropulse laser (SMPL) for diabetic macular edema (DME) using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). Methods Patients with treatment-native or previously-treated DME were prospectively imaged using PS-OCT at baseline, 1, 2, 3, and 6 months. The following outcomes were evaluated: changes in the entropy value per unit area (pixel 2 ) in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) on the B-scan image; changes in the entropy value in each stratified layer (retina, RPE, choroid) based on the ETDRS grid circle overlaid with en face entropy mapping, not only the whole ETDRS ...

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    24. Detection of retinal changes with optical coherence tomography angiography in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease patients: A meta-analysis

      Detection of retinal changes with optical coherence tomography angiography in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease patients: A meta-analysis

      Objective To assess retinal microvascular network impairments in the eyes of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods A literature search was conducted in the PubMed and EMBASE databases to identify relevant studies detecting retinal microvascular attenuation among AD, MCI patients and cognitively healthy controls (HCs) by OCTA. Data were extracted by Review Manager V.5.4 and Stata V.14.0. Results Eight investigations were included in this meta-analysis, with 150 AD patients, 195 MCI patients and 226 HCs were eligible for meta-analysis. Evidence ...

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