1. Articles from journals.aps.org

  2. 1-4 of 4
    1. Extended Coherence Length and Depth Ranging Using a Fourier-Domain Mode-Locked Frequency Comb and Circular Interferometric Ranging

      Extended Coherence Length and Depth Ranging Using a Fourier-Domain Mode-Locked Frequency Comb and Circular Interferometric Ranging

      Fourier-domain mode locking has been a popular laser design for high-speed optical-frequency-domain imaging (OFDI), but achieving long coherence lengths, and therefore imaging range, has been challenging. The narrow linewidth of a Fourier-domain mode-locked (FDML) frequency-comb (FC) laser could provide an attractive platform for high-speed as well as long-range OFDI. Unfortunately, aliasing artifacts arising from signals beyond the principal measurement depth of the free spectral range have prohibited the use of an FDML FC laser for imaging so far. To make the increased coherence length of an FDML FC laser available, methods to manage such artifacts are required. Recently, coherent circular ...

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    2. Density-Driven Flows in Evaporating Binary Liquid Droplets

      Density-Driven Flows in Evaporating Binary Liquid Droplets

      In the evaporation of microlitre liquid droplets, the accepted view is that surface tension dominates and the effect of gravity is negligible. We report, through the first use of rotating optical coherence tomography, that a change in the flow pattern and speed occurs when evaporating binary liquid droplets are tilted, conclusively showing that gravitational effects dominate the flow. We use gas chromatography to show that these flows are solutal in nature, and we establish a flow phase diagram demonstrating the conditions under which different flow mechanisms occur.

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    3. Velocity gradients in spatially resolved laser Doppler flowmetry and dynamic light scattering with confocal and coherence gating

      Velocity gradients in spatially resolved laser Doppler flowmetry and dynamic light scattering with confocal and coherence gating

      Dynamic light scattering (DLS) is widely used to characterize diffusive motion to obtain precise information on colloidal suspensions by calculating the autocorrelation function of the signal from a heterodyne optical system. DLS can also be used to determine the flow velocity field in systems that exhibit mass transport by incorporating the effects of the deterministic motion of scatterers on the autocorrelation function, a technique commonly known as laser Doppler flowmetry. DLS measurements can be localized with confocal and coherence gating techniques such as confocal microscopy and optical coherence tomography, thereby enabling the determination of the spatially resolved velocity field in ...

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    4. Dispersion cancellation in high-resolution two-photon interference

      Dispersion cancellation in high-resolution two-photon interference

      The dispersion cancellation observed in Hong-Ou-Mandel (HOM) interference between frequency-entangled photon pairs has been the basis of quantum optical coherence tomography and quantum clock synchronization. Here we explore the effect of phase dispersion on ultranarrow HOM dips. We show that the higher-order dispersion, the linewidth of the pump laser, and the spectral shape of the parametric fluorescence have a strong effect on the dispersion cancellation in the high-resolution regime with several experimental verifications. Perfect dispersion cancellation with a linewidth of 3 μ m is also demonstrated through 25 mm of water.

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    1-4 of 4
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