1. 1-24 of 416 1 2 3 4 ... 16 17 18 »
    1. Spectral contrast optical coherence tomography angiography enables single-scan vessel imaging

      Spectral contrast optical coherence tomography angiography enables single-scan vessel imaging

      Optical coherence tomography angiography relies on motion for contrast and requires at least two data acquisitions per pointwise scanning location. We present a method termed spectral contrast optical coherence tomography angiography using visible light that relies on the spectral signatures of blood for angiography from a single scan using endogenous contrast. We demonstrate the molecular sensitivity of this method, which enables lymphatic vessel, blood, and tissue discrimination. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive optical imaging modality that provides micron-scale resolution of three-dimensional (3D) tissue morphology 1 . In addition to providing structural information, enhanced processing of an OCT signal can ...

      Read Full Article
    2. Repeatability and Reproducibility of Quantification of Superficial Peri-papillary Capillaries by four Different Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Devices

      Repeatability and Reproducibility of Quantification of Superficial Peri-papillary Capillaries by four Different Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Devices

      This study was performed to test the repeatability and reproducibility of measurements of peri-papillary capillaries from four optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) devices. 109 healthy eyes were imaged with four OCTA devices (Spectralis, Optovue, Triton and Cirrus). A 3 × 3 mm scan pattern centered on the disc was repeated twice by each device. En face images of superficial capillary plexus were screened and processed for calculation. Vessel length density (VLD) was calculated on four equally divided parts of a ring between two concentric circles manually centered on the disc. General linear model (GLM) was used to test the impact of ...

      Read Full Article
    3. High-resolution, in vivo multimodal photoacoustic microscopy, optical coherence tomography, and fluorescence microscopy imaging of rabbit retinal neovascularization

      High-resolution, in vivo multimodal photoacoustic microscopy, optical coherence tomography, and fluorescence microscopy imaging of rabbit retinal neovascularization

      Photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) is an emerging imaging technology that can non-invasively visualize ocular structures in animal eyes. This report describes an integrated multimodality imaging system that combines PAM, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and fluorescence microscopy (FM) to evaluate angiogenesis in larger animal eyes. High-resolution in vivo imaging was performed in live rabbit eyes with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced retinal neovascularization (RNV). The results demonstrate that our multimodality imaging system can non-invasively visualize RNV in both albino and pigmented rabbits to determine retinal pathology using PAM and OCT and verify the leakage of neovascularization using FM and fluorescein dye ...

      Read Full Article
    4. Akinetic swept-source optical coherence tomography based on a pulse-modulated active mode locking fiber laser for human retinal imaging

      Akinetic swept-source optical coherence tomography based on a pulse-modulated active mode locking fiber laser for human retinal imaging

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive imaging modality that can provide high-resolution, cross-sectional images of tissues. Especially in retinal imaging, OCT has become one of the most valuable imaging tools for diagnosing eye diseases. Considering the scattering and absorption properties of the eye, the 1000-nm OCT system is preferred for retinal imaging. In this study, we describe the use of an akinetic swept-source OCT system based on a pulse-modulated active mode locking (AML) fiber laser at a 1080-nm wavelength for in-vivo human retinal imaging. The akinetic AML wavelength-swept fiber laser was constructed with polarization-maintaining fiber that has an average ...

      Read Full Article
    5. A two-year study of diffused retinal pigment epitheliopathy treated with half-dose photodynamic therapy guided by simultaneous angiography and optical coherence tomography

      A two-year study of diffused retinal pigment epitheliopathy treated with half-dose photodynamic therapy guided by simultaneous angiography and optical coherence tomography

      Objectives Diffused retinal pigment epitheliopathy (DRPE) is not necessarily the same as chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), but a severe subgroup under the umbrella of chronic CSC. This study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of half-dose PDT treating DRPE. Methods A retrospective case series design was used. Forty-eight consecutive patients (48 eyes) with DRPE treated with half-dose PDT underwent follow-up at baseline, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months and 24 months. Simultaneous FA, ICGA and OCT were used for the treatment and follow-up. The primary outcomes were the subretinal fluid and best-corrected visual acuity in optical coherence tomography ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: Fudan University
    6. Optical coherence tomography angiography characteristics in diabetic patients without clinical diabetic retinopathy

      Optical coherence tomography angiography characteristics in diabetic patients without clinical diabetic retinopathy

      Purpose The purpose of this study is to measure optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA)-defined retinal vascular and choriocapillaris parameters in diabetic patients without clinically evident diabetic retinopathy. Methods Retrospective case series of eyes in patients with a documented history of either type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus without any clinical signs of diabetic retinopathy seen at the Vanderbilt Eye Institute. All eyes underwent dilated funduscopic examination along with OCTA. OCTA analytics were performed to calculate vessel density, flow area, and foveal avascular zone size. Results Thirty-seven eyes of 20 patients were included in the analysis. The mean glycated ...

      Read Full Article
    7. Cost-effectiveness of digital surveillance clinics with optical coherence tomography versus hospital eye service follow-up for patients with screen-positive maculopathy

      Cost-effectiveness of digital surveillance clinics with optical coherence tomography versus hospital eye service follow-up for patients with screen-positive maculopathy

      Background Annually 2.7 million individuals are offered screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR) in England. Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) has the potential to relieve pressure on NHS services by correctly identifying patients who are screen positive for maculopathy on two-dimensional photography without evidence of clinically significant macular oedema (CSMO), limiting the number of referrals to hospitals. We aim to assess whether the addition of SDOCT imaging in digital surveillance clinics is a cost-effective intervention relative to hospital eye service (HES) follow-up. Methods We used patient-level data from the Gloucestershire Diabetic Eye Screening Service linked to the local digital surveillance ...

      Read Full Article
    8. Clinical Utility of Intraoperative Tympanomastoidectomy Assessment Using a Surgical Microscope Integrated with an Optical Coherence Tomography

      Clinical Utility of Intraoperative Tympanomastoidectomy Assessment Using a Surgical Microscope Integrated with an Optical Coherence Tomography

      Significant technical and optical advances are required for intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) to be utilized during otological surgeries. Integrating OCT with surgical microscopy makes it possible to evaluate soft tissue in real-time and at a high resolution. Herein, we describe an augmented-reality, intraoperative OCT/microscope system with an extended working distance of 280 mm, providing more space for surgical manipulation than conventional techniques. We initially performed ex vivo experiments to evaluate system performance. In addition, we validated the system by performing preliminary clinical assessments of tympanomastoidectomy outcomes in six patients with chronic otitis media. The system evaluated residual inflammation ...

      Read Full Article
    9. Optical coherence tomography angiography analysis of changes in the retina and the choroid after haemodialysis

      Optical coherence tomography angiography analysis of changes in the retina and the choroid after haemodialysis

      The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of haemodialysis on perfused vessel density, choroidal thickness (CT), and retinal thickness in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). We studied twenty-nine eyes of 29 ESRD patients by ophthalmologic examination and SS-OCTA before and after haemodialysis. The colour-coded perfusion density maps were generated and perfused vessel density was calculated. Changes in systemic and other ocular parameters such as retinal and choroidal thickness were measured and analysed. Total perfused vessel density decreased significantly after haemodialysis in the choriocapillaris; it was not significantly different in the superficial ...

      Read Full Article
    10. Changes in retinal flow density measured by optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with carotid artery stenosis after carotid endarterectomy

      Changes in retinal flow density measured by optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with carotid artery stenosis after carotid endarterectomy

      The aim of the study presented here was to evaluate retinal and optic nerve head (ONH) perfusion in patients with severe asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (CAS) compared with healthy controls and to analyze the impact of carotid endarterectomy using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). 25 eyes of 25 patients with CAS (study group) and 25 eyes of 25 healthy controls (control group) were prospectively included in this study. OCT-A was performed using RTVue XR Avanti (Optovue, Inc, Fremont, California, USA). The flow density data in the superficial and deep retinal OCT-angiogram of the macula and in the radial peripapillary capillary ...

      Read Full Article
    11. Macular microvasculature features before and after vitrectomy in idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane: an OCT angiography analysis

      Macular microvasculature features before and after vitrectomy in idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane: an OCT angiography analysis

      Purpose To evaluate pre-operative and post-operative morphologic characteristics in idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane (ERM) by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods Thirty-three subjects with unilateral idiopathic ERM were enrolled and the contralateral eyes served as controls. Vascular parameters including superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus (DCP), outer capillary plexus (OCP), and choroidal capillary plexus (CCP) were evaluated by OCTA. Results The superficial foveal avascular zone (FAZ) was significantly smaller in eyes with ERM ( P  < 0.0001). The vessel densities (VDs) were significantly increased in the fovea but dramatically decreased in the parafovea in SCP and DCP of ERM eyes ...

      Read Full Article
    12. Recovering distance information in spectral domain interferometry

      Recovering distance information in spectral domain interferometry

      This work evaluates the performance of the Complex Master Slave (CMS) method, that processes the spectra at the interferometer output of a spectral domain interferometry device without involving Fourier transforms (FT) after data acquisition. Reliability and performance of CMS are compared side by side with the conventional method based on FT, phase calibration with dispersion compensation (PCDC). We demonstrate that both methods provide similar results in terms of resolution and sensitivity drop-off. The mathematical operations required to produce CMS results are highly parallelizable, allowing real-time, simultaneous delivery of data from several points of different optical path differences in the interferometer ...

      Read Full Article
    13. Usefulness of peripapillary nerve fiber layer thickness assessed by optical coherence tomography as a biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease

      Usefulness of peripapillary nerve fiber layer thickness assessed by optical coherence tomography as a biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease

      The use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been suggested as a potential biomarker for Alzheimer’s Disease based on previously reported thinning of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in Alzheimer’s disease’s (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). However, other studies have not shown such results. 930 individuals (414 cognitively healthy individuals, 192 probable amnestic MCI and 324 probable AD) attending a memory clinic were consecutively included and underwent spectral domain OCT (Maestro, Topcon) examinations to assess differences in peripapillary RNFL thickness, using a design of high ecological validity. Adjustment by age, education, sex and OCT image ...

      Read Full Article
    14. Biophotonic approach for the characterization of initial bitter-rot progression on apple specimens using optical coherence tomography assessments

      Biophotonic approach for the characterization of initial bitter-rot progression on apple specimens using optical coherence tomography assessments

      The tremendous advances achieved in the biophotonics technologies have intensified the necessity for non-invasive modalities that can characterize diverse biological materials with increased sensitivity and resolution. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is one of the techniques that has been applied for biological applications in medicine and agriculture to identify structural properties. Herein, we report the successful incorporation of OCT for the identification of morphological changes that occur as a result of the bitter rot disease, through continuous detection of structural changes. Detailed inner morphological structural changes occurring in fruit specimens were precisely analyzed as a function of the disease incubation period ...

      Read Full Article
    15. Ability of swept source OCT to detect retinal changes in patients with bipolar disorder

      Ability of swept source OCT to detect retinal changes in patients with bipolar disorder

      Purpose To evaluate the ability of swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) to detect retinal changes in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). Methods Twenty-three patients with BD and 23 controls underwent retinal evaluation using SS deep range imaging (DRI) Triton OCT. Full retinal thickness, the ganglion cell layer (GCL), the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and choroidal thickness were evaluated with automated segmentation software. Results Patients with BD were shown to have significant thinning of the macular full retinal thickness in the center ( p  = 0.049), inner temporal ( p  = 0.045), inner nasal ( p  = 0.016), and inner inferior ( p ...

      Read Full Article
    16. The diagnostic accuracy of OCT angiography in naive and treated neovascular age-related macular degeneration: a review

      The diagnostic accuracy of OCT angiography in naive and treated neovascular age-related macular degeneration: a review

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a non-invasive retinal imaging innovation that has been gaining popularity for the evaluation of the retinal vasculature. Of clinical importance is its current use either as an alternative or in conjunction with conventional dye-based angiography in neovascular age-related macular degeneration. OCTA is not without limitations and these include image artefact, a relatively small field of view and failure of the segmentation algorithms, which can confound the interpretation of findings. While there are numerous publications on OCTA in neovascular AMD, few have examined the diagnostic accuracy of this new technology compared with the accepted gold ...

      Read Full Article
    17. Visualizing large choroidal blood flow by subtraction of the choriocapillaris projection artifacts in swept source optical coherence tomography angiography in normal eyes

      Visualizing large choroidal blood flow by subtraction of the choriocapillaris projection artifacts in swept source optical coherence tomography angiography in normal eyes

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) seems not to image the choroidal blood flow pattern in the normal individual because of the OCT light attenuation. Our purpose in the current study was to visualize the large choroidal blood flow pattern after subtraction of the choriocapillaris projection artifact in normal eyes non-invasively by swept source (SS) OCTA. Sixty-one eyes of 45 individuals (19 men, 26 women) without ocular disease were examined by SS-OCTA (AngioPlex Elite 9000, Zeiss, Germany). A 12 × 12 mm macular area was scanned. Subfoveal choroidal thickness (SCT) was measured, and the choroidal blood flow pattern in a slab of ...

      Read Full Article
    18. Foveal avascular zone area measurements with optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with nanophthalmos

      Foveal avascular zone area measurements with optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with nanophthalmos

      Purpose To compare the area of the superficial foveal avascular zone (SFAZ) and deep foveal avascular zone (DFAZ) between patients with nanophthalmos and age matched controls. Methods This prospective and comparative study included 19 eyes from 11 patients with nanophthalmos (study group) and 19 eyes from 19 healthy subjects (control group). SFAZ and DFAZ were measured with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). All participants underwent a standardised ocular examination including best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central macular thickness (CMT), subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) anterior chamber depth (ACD), axial length (AL), and refractive error (RE) measurements. Results Mean SFAZ and DFAZ ...

      Read Full Article
    19. Changes in volume of various retinal layers over time in early and intermediate age-related macular degeneration

      Changes in volume of various retinal layers over time in early and intermediate age-related macular degeneration

      Purpose To evaluate longitudinally volume changes in inner and outer retinal layers in early and intermediate age-related macular degeneration (AMD) compared to healthy control eyes using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods 71 eyes with AMD and 31 control eyes were imaged at two time points: baseline and after 2 years. Automated OCT layer segmentation was performed using Orion TM . This software is able to measure volumes of retinal layers with distinct boundaries including Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer (RNFL), Ganglion Cell-Inner Plexiform Layer (GCIPL), Inner Nuclear Layer (INL), Outer Plexiform Layer (OPL), Outer Nuclear Layer (ONL), Photoreceptors (PR) and Retinal Pigment ...

      Read Full Article
    20. Biomedical Engineering & Ophthalmological Imaging

      Biomedical Engineering & Ophthalmological Imaging

      The Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Ophthalmology at The Johns Hopkins University seek exceptional applicants for a tenure-track faculty position in Biomedical Engineering & Ophthalmological Imaging. Outstanding candidates will be considered at all academic ranks and across all areas of functional and structural Biomedical Imaging. Candidates with expertise in developing and advancing state-of-the-art imaging technologies and medical devices for ocular research and clinical applications―e.g., multiphoton fluorescence or Raman microscopy, second and higher harmonics generation microscopy, super resolution microscopy, optical coherence tomography, adaptive optics, and laser-assisted surgical technologies―will be particularly competitive. Applicants specializing in the development of sensors, robotics ...

      Read Full Article
    21. Two-photon polymerisation 3D printed freeform micro-optics for optical coherence tomography fibre probes

      Two-photon polymerisation 3D printed freeform micro-optics for optical coherence tomography fibre probes

      Miniaturised optical coherence tomography (OCT) fibre-optic probes have enabled high-resolution cross-sectional imaging deep within the body. However, existing OCT fibre-optic probe fabrication methods cannot generate miniaturised freeform optics, which limits our ability to fabricate probes with both complex optical function and dimensions comparable to the optical fibre diameter. Recently, major advances in two-photon direct laser writing have enabled 3D printing of arbitrary three-dimensional micro/nanostructures with a surface roughness acceptable for optical applications. Here, we demonstrate the feasibility of 3D printing of OCT probes. We evaluate the capability of this method based on a series of characterisation experiments. We report ...

      Read Full Article
    22. En Face and Cross-sectional Corneal Tomograms Using Sub-micron spatial resolution Optical Coherence Tomography

      En Face and Cross-sectional Corneal Tomograms Using Sub-micron spatial resolution Optical Coherence Tomography

      Accurate diagnosis of corneal pathology and morphological identification of different corneal layers require clear delineation of corneal three-dimensional structures and en face or cross-sectional imaging of palisade of Vogt (POV), neovascularization (NV) or corneal nerves. Here we report a prototype of full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) system with isotropic sub-micron spatial resolution in the en face and cross-sectional views. It can also provide three-dimensional reconstructed images and a large field of view (FOV) by stitching tomograms side by side. We validated the imaging power of this prototype in in vivo rat and rabbit eyes, and quantified anatomical characteristics such as ...

      Read Full Article
    23. Comprehensive intravascular imaging of atherosclerotic plaque in vivo using optical coherence tomography and fluorescence lifetime imaging

      Comprehensive intravascular imaging of atherosclerotic plaque in vivo using optical coherence tomography and fluorescence lifetime imaging

      Comprehensive imaging of both the structural and biochemical characteristics of atherosclerotic plaque is essential for the diagnosis and study of coronary artery disease because both a plaque’s morphology and its biochemical composition affect the level of risk it poses. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) are promising optical imaging methods for characterizing coronary artery plaques morphologically and biochemically, respectively. In this study, we present a hybrid intravascular imaging device, including a custom-built OCT/FLIm system, a hybrid optical rotary joint, and an imaging catheter, to visualize the structure and biochemical composition of the plaque in an ...

      Read Full Article
    24. Optical coherence tomography angiography features of choroidal neovascularization secondary to angioid streaks

      Optical coherence tomography angiography features of choroidal neovascularization secondary to angioid streaks

      Purpose To characterize the features of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to angioid streaks (AS) with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) and to assess its sensitivity in CNV detection in this particular context. Methods Consecutive patients, both with treatment-naïve and recurrent CNV associated with angioid streaks were prospectively analyzed. All patients underwent macular imaging by fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), spectral-domain (SD)-OCT, and OCT-A (AngioVue, Optovue, Optovue Inc., Freemont, CA, USA). OCT-A detection rate of CNV associated to AS was evaluated by two independent observers. We studied the association between OCT-A feature and either exudative or active ...

      Read Full Article
    1-24 of 416 1 2 3 4 ... 16 17 18 »
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks