1. 1-24 of 379 1 2 3 4 ... 14 15 16 »
    1. Ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thickness by swept-source optical coherence tomography in healthy Korean children: Normative data and biometric correlations

      Ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thickness by swept-source optical coherence tomography in healthy Korean children: Normative data and biometric correlations

      The purpose of this study was to identify the normative values of ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness in healthy Korean children using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and to investigate the correlations of age, refractive error, axial length (AL), retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and cup-to-disc (C/D) ratio with GCIPL thickness. Children aged between 3 and 17 who had visited our pediatric ophthalmology clinic were enrolled. Each subject underwent full ophthalmic examinations including RNFL thickness, C/D ratio and GCIPL thickness measurement by SS-OCT as well as AL measurement by partial-coherence interferometry. A total of 254 eyes ...

      Read Full Article
    2. Channel dispersed Fourier transform spectrometer

      Channel dispersed Fourier transform spectrometer

      The high signal throughput of Fourier transform spectroscopy has proved a boon to overcoming the difficulties of otherwise overwhelming detector noise in chemical infrared spectroscopy and near-infrared Raman spectroscopy, and is desirable for in situ measurement. Here we introduce a stationary channel dispersed Fourier transform (CDFT) spectrometer that efficiently utilizes two-dimensional imagers to obtain high-resolution input spectra in low-pixel-density imagers. By angularly dispersing a vertical one-dimensional interference pattern along a horizontal axis, an array of bandlimited interferogram channels is measured with reduced sampling constraints in each channel. CDFT spectrometers can use existing imagers to measure spectra with 0.0025 cm ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: UCSD
    3. High-resolution imaging of photoreceptors in healthy human eyes using an adaptive optics retinal camera

      High-resolution imaging of photoreceptors in healthy human eyes using an adaptive optics retinal camera

      Purpose To determine the effects of age on perifoveal cone density in healthy subjects using adaptive optics. Methods Healthy subjects of various ages were imaged using an adaptive optics retinal camera (RTX-1 ® Imagine Eyes, Orsay, France). All patients underwent a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination and retinal imaging using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (Spectralis ® , Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany). Cone density together with cone spacing and cone mosaic packing were measured in the nasal and temporal area 450 µm from the fovea. A multivariate analysis was performed to determine which of the following parameters were related to a decrease in cone density: age ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: Imagine Eyes
    4. Short-term Dynamics after Single- and Three-piece Acrylic Intraocular Lens Implantation: A Swept-source Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Short-term Dynamics after Single- and Three-piece Acrylic Intraocular Lens Implantation: A Swept-source Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Accurate alignment of an intraocular lens (IOL) is indispensable for achieving accurate postoperative refractive outcomes. Thus, we evaluated decentration and tilt of single- and three-piece IOLs, as well as anterior chamber depth (ACD), at 3 hours, 24 hours, 2 weeks, and 4 weeks after cataract surgery, using swept-source anterior segment optical coherence tomography. There was no significant difference in postoperative visual acuity between eyes with single- or three-piece IOLs. Absolute values of IOL decentration at 24 hours and 2 weeks after surgery were significantly larger ( P  = 0.008 and 0.046, respectively) in eyes with the single-piece IOL than in ...

      Read Full Article
    5. Objective evaluation of size and shape of superficial foveal avascular zone in normal subjects by optical coherence tomography angiography

      Objective evaluation of size and shape of superficial foveal avascular zone in normal subjects by optical coherence tomography angiography

      This study was conducted to investigate the size and shape of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) determined by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and the relationship of the size and shape to the clinical findings in normal subjects. This was a cross-sectional study with seventy eyes of 70 volunteers. The size of the superficial FAZs were assessed by its area, length of perimeter, and Feret’s diameter, and the shape by the circularity, axial ratio, roundness, and solidity. The correlations between each parameter and the clinical findings were statistically determined. The coefficients of variation (CV) of the parameters of FAZ ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: Taiji Sakamoto
    6. Lacrimal Canaliculus Imaging Using Optical Coherence Tomography Dacryography

      Lacrimal Canaliculus Imaging Using Optical Coherence Tomography Dacryography

      Lacrimal canaliculus (LC) has a key role in tear drainage, but it is difficult to evaluate the LC in detail, using the existing examinations. In this study, our novel LC imaging technique provided the high-resolution images of LC in a non-invasive manner. Three-dimensional images of LC were acquired via the palpebral conjunctiva from 20 healthy volunteers (20 eyes) and 10 patients with various lacrimal disorders (10 eyes), using optical coherence tomography (OCT) dacryography (OCTD). The LC images showed morphological differences between the vertical and horizontal segments. The function of LC could be evaluated by measuring the intralumen signal intensity over ...

      Read Full Article
    7. Relationship between Optical Intensity on Optical Coherence Tomography and Retinal Ischemia in Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion

      Relationship between Optical Intensity on Optical Coherence Tomography and Retinal Ischemia in Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion

      Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) may be complicated with retinal ischemia in some cases. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the relationship between optical intensity on optical coherence tomography (OCT) and retinal ischemia in BRVO. Twenty-seven eyes diagnosed with BRVO without macular edema were classified into two groups based on the presence or absence of retinal ischemia. The optical intensity of inner retinal layers and photoreceptor inner segment ellipsoid zone/retinal pigment epithelium layer (ISe/RPE) in the affected and unaffected regions were measured on OCT. Their ratio (Optical intensity ratio, OIR) was calculated and compared between ...

      Read Full Article
    8. Estimation of intraocular lens position from full crystalline lens geometry: towards a new generation of intraocular lens power calculation formulas

      Estimation of intraocular lens position from full crystalline lens geometry: towards a new generation of intraocular lens power calculation formulas

      In a cataract surgery, the opacified crystalline lens is replaced by an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). To optimize the visual quality after surgery, the intraocular lens to be implanted must be selected preoperatively for every individual patient. Different generations of formulas have been proposed for selecting the intraocular lens dioptric power as a function of its estimated postoperative position. However, very few formulas include crystalline lens information, in most cases only one-dimensional. The present study proposes a new formula to preoperatively estimate the postoperative IOL position (ELP) based on information of the 3-dimensional full shape of the crystalline lens, obtained ...

      Read Full Article
    9. Distinct Retinal Capillary Plexuses in Normal Eyes as Observed in Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Axial Profile Analysis

      Distinct Retinal Capillary Plexuses in Normal Eyes as Observed in Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Axial Profile Analysis

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) allows the retinal microvasculature to be visualized at various retinal depths. Previous studies introduced OCTA axial profile analysis and showed regional variations in the number and location of axially distinct vascular retinal plexuses. OCTA acquisition and processing approaches, however, vary in terms of their resulting transverse and axial resolutions, and especially the latter could potentially influence the profile analysis results. Our study imaged normal eyes using the Spectralis OCT2 with a full-spectrum, probabilistic OCTA algorithm, that, in marked contrast to split-spectrum approaches, preserves the original high OCT axial resolution also within the resulting OCTA signal ...

      Read Full Article
    10. Effect of age on the morphologies of the human Schlemm’s canal and trabecular meshwork measured with swept‑source optical coherence tomography

      Effect of age on the morphologies of the human Schlemm’s canal and trabecular meshwork measured with swept‑source optical coherence tomography

      Purpose We aimed to measure the sizes of Schlemm’s canal (SC) and the trabecular meshwork (TM) in healthy individuals and to evaluate variations with age from childhood to old age by using swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods Anterior chamber angle imaging of the superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal regions of the right and left eyes was performed with swept-source OCT. The diameter and area of SC and TM width and thickness were measured manually from OCT images. Results A total of 114 healthy individuals were enrolled and included 48 male subjects and 66 female subjects; their ages ranged ...

      Read Full Article
    11. Decorrelation Signal of Diabetic Hyperreflective Foci on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Decorrelation Signal of Diabetic Hyperreflective Foci on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Diabetic hyperreflective foci in the outer retinal layers are a clinically relevant finding on optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, although their characteristics remain to be elucidated. Here we investigated the decorrelation signal around hyperreflective foci on OCT angiography (OCTA) images in diabetic retinopathy (DR). We retrospectively reviewed sufficient quality OCTA images from 102 eyes of 66 patients that were obtained using split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography algorithm. Most confluent hyperreflective foci were randomly deposited or appeared in a radiating array on the en-face structural OCT images in the inner nuclear layer (INL) or Henle’s fiber layer (HFL), respectively. Within the INL ...

      Read Full Article
    12. Photonic force optical coherence elastography for three-dimensional mechanical microscopy

      Photonic force optical coherence elastography for three-dimensional mechanical microscopy

      Optical tweezers are an invaluable tool for non-contact trapping and micro-manipulation, but their ability to facilitate high-throughput volumetric microrheology of biological samples for mechanobiology research is limited by the precise alignment associated with the excitation and detection of individual bead oscillations. In contrast, radiation pressure from a low-numerical aperture optical beam can apply transversely localized force over an extended depth range. Here we present photonic force optical coherence elastography (PF-OCE), leveraging phase-sensitive interferometric detection to track sub-nanometer oscillations of beads, embedded in viscoelastic hydrogels, induced by modulated radiation pressure. Since the displacements caused by ultra-low radiation-pressure force are typically obscured ...

      Read Full Article
    13. Quantifying birefringence in the bovine model of early osteoarthritis using polarisation-sensitive optical coherence tomography and mechanical indentation

      Quantifying birefringence in the bovine model of early osteoarthritis using polarisation-sensitive optical coherence tomography and mechanical indentation

      Recent studies have shown potential for using polarisation sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) to study cartilage morphology, and to be potentially used as an in vivo , non-invasive tool for detecting osteoarthritic changes. However, there has been relatively limited ability of this method to quantify the subtle changes that occur in the early stages of cartilage degeneration. An established mechanical indenting technique that has previously been used to examine the microstructural response of articular cartilage was employed to fix the bovine samples in an indented state. The samples were subject to creep loading with a constant compressive stress of 4.5 ...

      Read Full Article
    14. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) with 2 nm axial resolution using a compact laser plasma soft X-ray source

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) with 2 nm axial resolution using a compact laser plasma soft X-ray source

      We present optical coherence tomography (OCT) with 2 nm axial resolution using broadband soft X-ray radiation (SXR) from a compact laser plasma light source. The laser plasma was formed by the interaction of nanosecond laser pulses with a gaseous target in a double stream gas puff target approach. The source was optimized for efficient SXR emission from the krypton/helium gas puff target in the 2 to 5 nm spectral range, encompassing the entire “water-window” spectral range from 2.3 nm to 4.4 nm wavelength. The coherence parameters of the SXR radiation allowed for the OCT measurements of a ...

      Read Full Article
    15. OCT-Angiography reveals reduced vessel density in the deep retinal plexus of CADASIL patients

      OCT-Angiography reveals reduced vessel density in the deep retinal plexus of CADASIL patients

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) represents the most recent tool in ophthalmic imaging. It allows for a non-invasive, depth-selective and quantitative visualization of blood flow in central retinal vessels and it has an enormous diagnostic potential not only in ophthalmology but also with regards to neurologic and systemic diseases. Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a hereditary vascular small-vessel disease caused by Notch3 mutations and represents the most common form of hereditary stroke disorder. In this study, CADASIL patients prospectively underwent OCT-A imaging to evaluate retinal and choriocapillaris blood flow as well as blood flow ...

      Read Full Article
    16. An optical coherence tomography study of residual subfoveal fluid after successful pars plana vitrectomy in patients with diabetic tractional macular detachment

      An optical coherence tomography study of residual subfoveal fluid after successful pars plana vitrectomy in patients with diabetic tractional macular detachment

      Purpose To analyze the prevalence of residual subfoveal fluid (RSF) after pars plana vitrectomy in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy complicated by tractional detachment of the macula and the effect of RSF on the postoperative visual outcome. Methods This study was a prospective observational case study of the optical coherence tomography (OCT) records of 23 patients (24 eyes) with macula-off diabetic tractional retinal detachment (TRD) who underwent successful 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy between July 2012 and December 2015. Results The prevalence of RSF on OCT examination was 100% at 1 and 2 months, 91.7% at 3 months, 70.8 ...

      Read Full Article
    17. Comparison of glaucoma-diagnostic ability between wide-field swept-source OCT retinal nerve fiber layer maps and spectral-domain OCT

      Comparison of glaucoma-diagnostic ability between wide-field swept-source OCT retinal nerve fiber layer maps and spectral-domain OCT

      Purpose To compare the diagnostic ability of wide-field swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) maps with spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) maps for detection of preperimetric (PPG) and early glaucoma (EG). Patients and methods One hundred and forty-six eyes, including 37 healthy eyes, 38 eyes with PPG, and 71 eyes with EG, were analyzed. The patients underwent both SD-OCT (Cirrus HD-OCT; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA, USA) and wide-field SS-OCT scanning (DRI-OCT-1 Atlantis; Topcon, Tokyo, Japan). By SD-OCT, circumpapillary RNFL and macular ganglion cell analyses were performed. SS-OCT provides a wide-field RNFL thickness map and a SuperPixel map ...

      Read Full Article
    18. Comparison of intensity, phase retardation, and local birefringence images for filtering blebs using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Comparison of intensity, phase retardation, and local birefringence images for filtering blebs using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) allows the recording of depth-resolved polarimetric measurements. It has been reported that phase retardation and local birefringence images can noninvasively detect fibrotic area in blebs after glaucoma surgery. Evaluation of scar fibrosis in blebs is important not only for predicting bleb function, but also for planning revision trabeculectomy. Herein, we characterize the intensity, phase retardation, and local birefringence images of blebs using PS-OCT. A total of 85 blebs from 85 patients who had undergone trabeculectomy were examined. Both phase retardation and local birefringence images detected fibrotic changes in blebs after glaucoma surgery. Phase retardation images ...

      Read Full Article
    19. Evaluation of vascular changes with optical coherence tomography angiography after ruthenium-106 brachytherapy of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma

      Evaluation of vascular changes with optical coherence tomography angiography after ruthenium-106 brachytherapy of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma

      Purpose To describe the vascular changes of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma (CCH) after ruthenium-106 brachytherapy using optical coherence tomography angiography (angio-OCT). Methods Seven eyes of 7 patients diagnosed with symptomatic CCH who underwent ruthenium-106 plaque radiotherapy were included in the study. Patients underwent complete ophthalmic examination, bulbar echography and angio-OCT. The same protocol was applied 1 year after ruthenium-106 brachytherapy. Results At baseline, the mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in affected eyes was 0.67 ± 0.14 logMAR, and the mean tumor thickness was 4.46 ± 0.91 mm measured by standardized A-scan echography. After ruthenium-106 plaque treatment, the mean BCVA ...

      Read Full Article
    20. Microperimetry and optical coherence tomography imaging in the fellow eye of patients with unilateral focal ischaemic glaucoma

      Microperimetry and optical coherence tomography imaging in the fellow eye of patients with unilateral focal ischaemic glaucoma

      Purpose To determine whether microperimetry or optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging can detect early disease in the fellow eye of patients with unilateral focal ischaemic glaucoma. Methods Thirty-seven consecutive adult patients with unilateral focal ischaemic glaucoma with a unilateral split-fixation visual field defect on standard automated perimetry (SAP) with normal SAP in the fellow eye were selected. All patients underwent microperimetry (MAIA, CenterVue, Italy) of the central 10 degrees and OCT imaging (Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering, Germany) of the retinal nerve fibre layer of both eyes. The main outcome measures were reduced retinal sensitivity on microperimetry and/or retinal nerve fibre ...

      Read Full Article
    21. The effect of trabeculectomy surgery on the central visual field in patients with glaucoma using microperimetry and optical coherence tomography

      The effect of trabeculectomy surgery on the central visual field in patients with glaucoma using microperimetry and optical coherence tomography

      Purpose To determine the functional and structural effects of trabeculectomy surgery on patients with advanced glaucoma and central visual field defects in the early post-operative period. Methods Thirty consecutive adult subjects with advanced glaucoma requiring trabeculectomy surgery and an established visual field defect within 10° of fixation underwent microperimetry (MAIA MP-1, CenterVue, Padova, Italy) and optic disc optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging (Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering, Germany) pre-operatively, and 1 month and 3 months following trabeculectomy surgery. Main outcome measures were post-trabeculectomy change in mean threshold on microperimetry and nerve fibre layer thickness on OCT. Fellow eyes were used as controls ...

      Read Full Article
    22. Near-infrared and mid-infrared semiconductor broadband light emitters

      Near-infrared and mid-infrared semiconductor broadband light emitters

      Semiconductor broadband light emitters have emerged as ideal and vital light sources for a range of biomedical sensing/imaging applications, especially for optical coherence tomography systems. Although near-infrared broadband light emitters have found increasingly wide utilization in these imaging applications, the requirement to simultaneously achieve both a high spectral bandwidth and output power is still challenging for such devices. Owing to the relatively weak amplified spontaneous emission, as a consequence of the very short non-radiative carrier lifetime of the inter-subband transitions in quantum cascade structures, it is even more challenging to obtain desirable mid-infrared broadband light emitters. There have been ...

      Read Full Article
    23. Group Leader Position in Ophthalmic Imaging

      Group Leader Position in Ophthalmic Imaging

      The Institute of Molecular and Clinical Ophthalmology Basel ( IOB ) invites applications for a Group Leader position in Ophthalmic Imaging. A competitive start-up, core funding, and access to all core facilities necessary to conduct state-of-the-art biomedical research are provided. We are seeking an outstanding individual who will establish an ambitious research program to develop methods for imaging the human eye, with an emphasis on optical coherence tomography ( OCT ) and two photon laser microscopy. Applications for tenure-track and tenured Group Leader positions are considered. The position will allow to combine research with clinical care in case the applicant is a fully trained ...

      Read Full Article
    1-24 of 379 1 2 3 4 ... 14 15 16 »
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks