1. 1-24 of 380 1 2 3 4 ... 14 15 16 »
    1. An overview of optical coherence tomography for ovarian tissue imaging and characterization

      An overview of optical coherence tomography for ovarian tissue imaging and characterization

      Ovarian cancer has the lowest survival rate among all the gynecologic cancers because it is predominantly diagnosed at late stages due to the lack of reliable symptoms and efficacious screening techniques. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an emerging technique that provides high-resolution images of biological tissue in real time, and demonstrates great potential for imaging of ovarian tissue. In this article, we review OCT studies for visualization and diagnosis of human ovaries as well as quantitative extraction of ovarian tissue optical properties for classifying normal and malignant ovaries. OCT combined with other imaging modalities to further improve ovarian tissue diagnosis ...

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    2. Interocular symmetry of retinal nerve fibre layer thickness in healthy eyes: a spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic study

      Interocular symmetry of retinal nerve fibre layer thickness in healthy eyes: a spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic study

      Purpose This study was performed to investigate the interocular symmetry of peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness, as measured by Cirrus high-definition spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT), in healthy eyes. A wide range of subject ages and refractive errors was examined. Methods The retinal nerve fibre layer thickness was measured in 1,234 healthy eyes from 617 subjects using OCT. Interocular differences (right eye minus left eye) in global area and quadrant nerve fibre layer thicknesses were measured. The effect of age and refractive error on interocular nerve fibre layer thickness difference was also examined. Results Means (and standard ...

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    3. The usefulness of multimodal imaging for differentiating pseudopapilloedema and true swelling of the optic nerve head: a review and case series

      The usefulness of multimodal imaging for differentiating pseudopapilloedema and true swelling of the optic nerve head: a review and case series

      Ophthalmic practitioners have to make a critical differential diagnosis in cases of an elevated optic nerve head. They have to discriminate between pseudopapilloedema (benign elevation of the optic nerve head) and true swelling of the optic nerve head. This decision has significant implications for appropriate patient management. Assessment of the optic disc prior to the advanced imaging techniques that are available today (particularly spectral domain optical coherence tomography and fundus autofluorescence), has mainly used diagnostic tools, such as funduscopy and retinal photography. As these traditional methods rely on the subjective assessment by the clinician, evaluation of the elevated optic nerve ...

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    4. Three-Dimensional High Definition-Optical Coherence Tomography Image Acquisition Procedure For Basal Cell Carcinoma

      Three-Dimensional High Definition-Optical Coherence Tomography Image Acquisition Procedure For Basal Cell Carcinoma

      We read with great interest the paper "Histopathological correlates of basal cell carcinoma in slice and en-face imaging modes of high-definition optical coherence tomography" by Gambichler et al. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) seems an interesting technology to study skin tumours. In particular it has been found helpful for basal cell carcinoma (BCC) diagnosis in several investigations. 

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    5. Coronary artery wall imaging

      Coronary artery wall imaging

      Like X-Ray contrast angiography, MR coronary angiograms show the vessel lumens rather than the vessels themselves. Consequently, outward remodeling of the vessel wall, which occurs in subclinical coronary disease before luminal narrowing, cannot be seen. The current gold standard for assessing the coronary vessel wall is intravascular ultrasound, and more recently, optical coherence tomography, both of which are invasive and use ionizing radiation. A noninvasive, low-risk technique for assessing the vessel wall would be beneficial to cardiologists interested in the early detection of preclinical disease and for the safe monitoring of the progression or regression of disease in longitudinal studies ...

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    6. Optical coherence tomography imaging of the patent ductus arteriosus: First known uses in congenital heart disease

      Optical coherence tomography imaging of the patent ductus arteriosus: First known uses in congenital heart disease

      Background: Angiography is used to assess ductal morphology and caliber during interventional closure of the ductus arteriosus. We are evaluating the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to evaluate ductal anatomy given the potential benefit of superior resolution and lower radiation. Methods: Standard angiograms were performed on two patients with patent ductus arteriosus prior to device occlusion. OCT was then used to obtain high-resolution three-dimensional vessel reconstructions. Devices were chosen based on angiographic measurements. Results: OCT resulted in excellent three-dimensional anatomic definition, with elliptical narrowest lumenal measurements of 2.2 x 3.1 mm and 1.6 x 2.3 ...

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    7. Senile scleral plaques imaged with enhanced depth optical coherence tomography

      Senile scleral plaques imaged with enhanced depth optical coherence tomography

      Purpose Senile scleral plaques (SSP) are sharply demarcated greyish areas located just anterior to the insertions of the horizontal rectus muscles and thus are frequently encountered during transscleral intravitreal injections. The aim of this study was to characterize SSP using enhanced depth imaging spectral domain anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) in a cohort of patients attending intravitreal injection clinics. Methods Prospective cross-sectional study of 380 patients attending the clinic for intravitreal injections at the Department of Ophthalmology at the Bern University Hospital. Thirty-two patients with SSP were identified and the anatomical features were assessed using anterior segment OCT. Results ...

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    8. Novel optical coherence tomography classification of torpedo maculopathy

      Novel optical coherence tomography classification of torpedo maculopathy

      Background Torpedo maculopathy is a rare condition with a twofold clinical significance. Firstly, it is a differential of atypical congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium. Secondly, visual field loss has been reported. We demonstrate the spectrum of structural abnormality of torpedo maculopathy as seen on optical coherence tomography, and correlate this with age of presentation, fundus autofluorescence, retinal sensitivity loss and visual field abnormality. Design A retrospective, observational case series. Participants Five Australian patients seen between 2008 and 2013. Methods Fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence and visual field analysis. One patient underwent fluorescein angiography. Main Outcome Measures ...

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    9. Endoscopy for diagnosis and treatment in esophageal cancers: high-technology assessment

      Endoscopy for diagnosis and treatment in esophageal cancers: high-technology assessment

      The following, from the 12th OESO World Conference: Cancers of the Esophagus, includes commentaries on the endoscopic tools to recognize squamous cell dysplasia; confocal laser endomicroscopy for Barrett's esophagus; confocal microscopy in the cancer patient; optical coherence tomography in the assessment of subsquamous Barrett's metaplasia; endoscopic mucosal resection for high-grade dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus; HALO in the treatment of squamous dysplasia; and the use of fluorescence in situ hybridization to detect dysplasia and adenocarcinoma in patients with Barrett's esophagus.

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    10. High-definition optical coherence tomography of melanocytic skin lesions

      High-definition optical coherence tomography of melanocytic skin lesions

      High-definition optical coherence tomography and the corresponding vertically sectioned histology of a compound naevus. High-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT) scanners have recently been developed. We assessed micromorphological HD-OCT correlates of benign naevi (BN) and malignant melanoma (MM). 28 BN and 20 MM were studied using HD-OCT and histology. Epidermal honeycomb/cobblestone pattern, regular junctional cell nests, and edged papillae are more often observed in BN, whereas fusion of rete ridges, pagetoid cells and junctional and/or dermal nests with atypical cells are more frequently seen in MM. A high overlap of HD-OCT features in BN and MM was observed and ...

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    11. Differences determined by optical coherence tomography volumetric analysis in non-culprit lesion morphology and inflammation in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and stable angina pectoris patients

      Differences determined by optical coherence tomography volumetric analysis in non-culprit lesion morphology and inflammation in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and stable angina pectoris patients

      Background: While the current methodology for determining fibrous cap (FC) thickness of lipid plaques is based on manual measurements of arbitrary points, which could lead to high variability and decreased accuracy, it ignores the three-dimensional (3-D) morphology of coronary artery disease. Objective: To compare, utilizing optical coherence tomography (OCT) assessments, volumetric quantification of FC and macrophage detection using both visual assessment and automated image processing algorithms in non-culprit lesions of STEMI and stable angina pectoris (SAP) patients. Methods: Lipid plaques were selected from 67 consecutive patients (1 artery/patient). FC was manually delineated by a computer-aided method and automatically classified ...

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    12. Imaging of collagen deposition disorders using optical coherence tomography

      Imaging of collagen deposition disorders using optical coherence tomography

      Background Collagen deposition disorders such as hypertrophic scars, keloids and scleroderma can be associated with significant stigma and embarrassment. These disorders often constitute considerable impairment to quality of life, with treatment posing to be a substantial challenge. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides a non-invasive, easily applicable bedside optical imaging method for assessment of the skin. It is hypothesized that OCT imaging may be useful in assessing fibrosis to avoid additional biopsies that could potentially worsen the scarring. Method Thirty-three patients with ordinary scars, hypertrophic scars, keloid scarring, lichen sclerosus et atrophicus and localized or systemic scleroderma were recruited for this ...

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    13. Using Optical Coherence Tomography to Examine Additives in Chinese Song Jun Glaze

      Using Optical Coherence Tomography to Examine Additives in Chinese Song Jun Glaze

      We use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to acquire microstructure images of Chinese Song Jun glaze to reveal the copper and quartz additives used and, in two typical samples, we show that the amount added is considerable. Focusing on these two additives, including the species, amount and granule (particle) size added in the glaze, the objective of the present study is to explore how they functioned in relation to the Jun glaze's visual characteristics, opalescence and sky-blue colour, attributed to the unique liquid–liquid phase separation that occurs in Jun glaze.

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    14. Functional optical coherence tomography of pigmented lesions

      Functional optical coherence tomography of pigmented lesions

      Background Cutaneous melanomas are diagnosed worldwide in 231 130 patients per year. The sensitivity and specificity of melanoma diagnosis expresses the need for an additional diagnostic method. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has shown that it allows morphological (qualitative) description of image features and quantitative analysis of pathology related light scattering by means of the attenuation coefficient (μ oct ). Objective We hypothesize that OCT images of nevi will differ qualitatively and quantitatively from melanomas. Methods Forty lesions from 33 consecutive patients were imaged with OCT. After data acquisition, excision was performed. Epidermal layer thickness was measured and values of μ oct were extracted ...

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    15. Megalopapilla in children: a spectral domain optical coherence tomography analysis

      Megalopapilla in children: a spectral domain optical coherence tomography analysis

      Purpose To compare various optic nerve head (ONH) parameters and peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (pRNFL) thickness between megalopapilla cases and normal control using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in children. Methods Fifty eyes with megalopapilla and 80 normal control eyes of totally 130 children between the ages of 6 and 15 were examined using SD-OCT. Optic nerve head parameters including disc diameter, cup-to-disc ratio, disc area, cup area, rim area, cup volume and rim volume, and pRNFL thickness were analysed and compared between two groups. Results Megalopapilla group presented larger optic disc diameter, disc and cup area, cup-to-disc ...

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    16. Optical coherence tomography-based predictors for creatine kinase-myocardial band elevation after elective percutaneous coronary intervention for in-stent restenosis

      Optical coherence tomography-based predictors for creatine kinase-myocardial band elevation after elective percutaneous coronary intervention for in-stent restenosis

      Objectives We evaluated whether morphological characteristics of neointimal tissue of in-stent restenosis (ISR) lesions assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) affect periprocedural elevation of creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB). Background The impact of neointimal characteristics of ISR lesions on periprocedural myocardial injury has not been sufficiently investigated. Methods A total of 125 patients with ISR lesions underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and pre-PCI OCT examination. Measurements of CK-MB were performed upon hospitalization, before PCI, and every 8 hr for 24 hr after PCI. CK-MB elevation was defined as levels above the 99th percentile of the upper reference limit. Neoatherosclerosis was ...

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    17. A survey of current and anticipated use of standard and specialist equipment by UK optometrists

      A survey of current and anticipated use of standard and specialist equipment by UK optometrists

      Purpose To investigate current and anticipated use of equipment and information technology (IT) in community optometric practice in the UK, and to elicit optometrists' views on adoption of specialist equipment and IT. Methods An anonymous online questionnaire was developed, covering use of standard and specialist diagnostic equipment, and IT. The survey was distributed to a random sample of 1300 UK College of Optometrists members. Results Four hundred and thirty-two responses were received (response rate = 35%). Enhanced (locally commissioned) or additional/separately contracted services were provided by 73% of respondents. Services included glaucoma repeat measures (30% of respondents), glaucoma referral refinement ...

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    18. Evaluation of two quantitative analysis methods of optical coherence tomography for detection of enamel demineralization and comparison with microhardness

      Evaluation of two quantitative analysis methods of optical coherence tomography for detection of enamel demineralization and comparison with microhardness

      Background and Objective We aimed to evaluate in the same study two quantitative methods for quantification of incipient caries in human dental enamel by using optical coherence tomography (OCT): the optical attenuation coefficient and the area under the A-scan signal, and to compare their results with those obtained from microhardness analysis. Study Design/Materials and Methods One hundred and sixty samples were obtained from 40 sound human third molars, which had their crowns sectioned. Simulated caries were created by a pH cycling method. OCT measurements were performed on the samples, before and after the induced demineralization. We determined the total ...

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    19. New Insights on acute expansion and longitudinal elongation of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds In-Vivo and at bench test: A note of caution on reliance to compliance charts and nominal length

      New Insights on acute expansion and longitudinal elongation of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds In-Vivo and at bench test: A note of caution on reliance to compliance charts and nominal length

      Objectives : We performed systematic optical coherence tomography (OCT) analyses after BVS implantation in a “real world” setting aiming at evaluating scaffold expansion and longitudinal integrity. Background : A comprehensive elucidation of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds´ (BVS) acute performance in the “real-world” setting is lacking Methods : Acute BVS expansion compared with compliance chart information and longitudinal integrity were assessed in 29 patients (32 lesions) by OCT. In addition, bench experiments with 4 scaffolds were performed with different combinations of deployment pressures and tube stiffness. Results : Scaffold underexpansion, using compliance chart information as reference, was observed in 97% of OCT cross-sections in vivo; however ...

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    20. Dynamic dark-light changes in anterior chamber and iris parameters in angle closure patients with novel automatic algorithm using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT)

      Dynamic dark-light changes in anterior chamber and iris parameters in angle closure patients with novel automatic algorithm using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT)

      Purpose To describe the dynamic dark-light changes in anterior chamber (AC) measurements and iris parameters in angle closure patients compared to normal angle patients using a fully automatic algorithm developed for anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Methods 10 patients (17 eyes with closed angles) and 8 patients (15 eyes with normal angles) on gonioscopic grading were recruited. We acquired images in both dark and light conditions using Visante OCT. Custom software analyzed the images using the iris rim as the landmark instead of the sclera spur. The parameters analyzed included angle opening distance and angle recess area, at 750 ...

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    21. Swept source optical coherence tomography artifacts in glaucoma patients

      Swept source optical coherence tomography artifacts in glaucoma patients

      Purpose To demonstrate the frequency and the type of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS –OCT) imaging artifacts in patients being evaluated glaucoma and to present common artifacts examples Methods The SS–OCT images of 101 glaucoma suspect and glaucoma patients were used to evaluate image artifacts. We used a 3 dimensional imaging data set of 6x6mm raster scan centered on the optic disc (3D disc scan) and a 3 dimensional imaging data set of 12 mm horizontal line scan centered between optic disc and the fovea (3D side scan). For each scan, both printout report and the source image of ...

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