1. 1-5 of 5
    1. Longitudinal optical imaging of tumor metabolism and hemodynamics

      Longitudinal optical imaging of tumor metabolism and hemodynamics
      An important feature of tumor hypoxia is its temporal instability, or “cycling hypoxia.” The primary consequence of cycling hypoxia is increased tumor aggressiveness and treatment resistance beyond that of chronic hypoxia. Longitudinal imaging of tumor metabolic demand, hemoglobin oxygen saturation, and blood flow would provide valuable insight into the mechanisms and distribution of cycling hypoxia in tumors. Fluorescence imaging of metabolic demand via the optical redox ratio (fluorescence intensity of FAD/NADH), absorption microscopy of hemoglobin oxygen saturation, and Doppler optical coherence tomography of vessel morphology and blood flow are combined to noninvasively monitor changes in oxygen supply and demand ...
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    2. Application of intravital microscopy in studies of tumor microcirculation

      Application of intravital microscopy in studies of tumor microcirculation
      To grow and progress, solid tumors develop a vascular network through co-option and angiogenesis that is characterized by multiple structural and functional abnormalities, which negatively influence therapeutic outcome through direct and indirect mechanisms. As such, the morphology and function of tumor blood vessels, plus their response to different treatments, are a vital and active area of biological research. Intravital microscopy (IVM) has played a key role in studies of tumor angiogenesis, and ongoing developments in molecular probes, imaging techniques, and postimage analysis methods have ensured its continued and widespread use. In this review we discuss some of the primary advantages ...
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    3. Frequency tracking in optical Doppler tomography using an adaptive notch filter

      Optical Doppler tomography is a valuable functional extension of optical coherence tomography (OCT) that can be used to study subsurface blood flows of biological tissues. We propose a novel frequency estimation technique that uses an adaptive notch filter (ANF) to track the depth-resolved Doppler frequency. This new technique is a minimal-parameter filter and works in the time domain without the need of Fourier transformation. Therefore, the algorithm has a computationally efficient structure that may be well suited for implementation in real-time ODT systems. Our simulations and imaging results also demonstrate that this filter has good performance in terms of noise ...
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    4. Hybrid positron detection and optical coherence tomography system: design, calibration, and experimental validation with rabbit atherosclerotic models

      We evaluate the performance of our novel hybrid optical coherence tomography (OCT) and scintillating probe, demonstrate simultaneous OCT imaging and scintillating detection, and validate the system using an atherosclerotic rabbit model. Preliminary data obtained from the rabbit model suggest that our prototype positron probe detects local uptake of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) labeled with 18F positron (beta) radionuclide emitter, and the high-uptake regions correlate with sites of injury and extensive atherosclerosis areas. Preliminary data also suggest that coregistered high-resolution OCT images provide imaging of detailed plaque microstructures, which cannot be resolved by positron detection.
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    5. Digital signal processor-based real-time optical Doppler tomography system

      We present a real-time data-processing and display unit based on a custom-designed digital signal processor (DSP) module for imaging tissue structure and Doppler blood flow. The DSP module is incorporated into a conventional optical coherence tomography system. We also demonstrate the flexibility of embedding advanced Doppler processing algorithms in the DSP module. Two advanced velocity estimation algorithms previously introduced by us are incorporated in this DSP module. Experiments on Intralipid flow demonstrate that a pulsatile flow of several hundred pulses per minute can be faithfully captured in M-scan mode by this DSP system. In vivo imaging of a rat's ...
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    1-5 of 5
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