1. Articles from jstage.jst.go.jp

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    1. Clinical Impact of Irregular Protrusion Angle After Coronary Stenting at Culprit Lesions With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction - An Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Clinical Impact of Irregular Protrusion Angle After Coronary Stenting at Culprit Lesions With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction - An Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background: A recent optical coherence tomography (OCT) registry showed that the presence of irregular protrusion (IP) after coronary stenting was a predictor of worse 1-year cardiovascular events. This study evaluated the clinical impact of OCT-detected IP after coronary stenting at ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) culprit lesions. Methods and Results: In all, 139 consecutive STEMI patients with OCT-detected IP after stenting were analyzed retrospectively. The maximum IP angles were measured and patients with IP were divided into 2 groups (large IP, maximum IP angle ≥180°; small IP, 0°<angle<180°). The primary endpoints were cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, target ...

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    2. Complementary Assessment by Hybrid Intravascular Ultrasound-Optical Coherence Tomography Catheter After Implantation of a New-Generation Drug-Eluting Stent

      Complementary Assessment by Hybrid Intravascular Ultrasound-Optical Coherence Tomography Catheter After Implantation of a New-Generation Drug-Eluting Stent

      A 26-year-old male with a history of substance abuse presented with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI; Figure A) and a complication of left ventricular thrombus. He was treated with a 4.0-mm drugeluting stent in the proximal left anterior descending artery and warfarin as well as dual antiplatelet therapy. Three weeks later, he again presented with similar chest pain and was diagnosed with non-STEMI. Urgent coronary angiography revealed vasospastic changes in the proximal right coronary artery without apparent angiographic changes within the stent (Figure B). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was considered suitable to evaluate possible plaque erosion resulting from coronary artery ...

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    3. Using Optical Coherence Tomography to Identify Lipid and Its Impact on Interventions and Clinical Events

      Using Optical Coherence Tomography to Identify Lipid and Its Impact on Interventions and Clinical Events

      Background: Optical coherence tomographic (OCT) imaging has enabled identification of lipid, with increasing interest in how it may affect coronary interventions and clinical outcomes. This review summarizes the available evidence around OCT identification of lipid and its effect on interventions, clinical events, and the natural history of coronary disease.Methods and Results:We conducted a scoping review using the Medline, HealthStar, and Embase databases for articles published between 1996 and 2021. We screened 1,194 articles and identified 51 for inclusion in this study, summarizing the key findings. The literature supports a common OCT definition of lipid as low-signal regions ...

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    4. Prevention of acidic attack on tooth enamel surfaces using polishing paste containing ion-releasing filler

      Prevention of acidic attack on tooth enamel surfaces using polishing paste containing ion-releasing filler

      The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of polishing paste containing surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) filler to prevent acidic attack on tooth enamel surfaces. Resin composites were filled in the standardized cavities and finished with silicon carbide paper. These specimens were divided into three groups: the unpolished “control” group, the “PRG” group polished with S-PRG paste, and the “DDP” group polished with diamond-containing polishing paste. Following polishing, the specimens were immersed in a lactic acid buffer solution for 28 days. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) signals were measured to obtain the signal intensity and width at 1/e ...

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    5. Prognostic Impact of Calcified Plaque Morphology After Drug Eluting Stent Implantation: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Prognostic Impact of Calcified Plaque Morphology After Drug Eluting Stent Implantation: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has the potential to characterize the detailed morphology of calcified coronary plaques. This study examined the prognostic impact of calcified plaque morphology in patients with coronary artery calcification (CAC) who underwent newer-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation.Methods and Results:In all, 251 patients with moderate to severe CAC who underwent OCT-guided DES implantation were reviewed retrospectively and divided into 3 groups according to OCT findings of the target lesion: 25 patients (10.0%) with calcified nodules (CN), 69 patients (27.5%) with calcified protrusion (CP) without CN, and 157 patients (62.5%) with superficial calcific ...

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    6. Comparative evaluation of the spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and microhardness for remineralization of enamel caries lesions

      Comparative evaluation of the spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and microhardness for remineralization of enamel caries lesions

      This study aimed to evaluate the Cirrus high-definition (HD) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) for the remineralization of artificial enamel caries and to compare it with the comparison surface microhardness (SMH) analysis. Artificial caries lesions were produced on forty human enamel samples. Then, three different remineralization agents containing casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate; casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate; calcium glycerophosphate, magnesium chloride, and xylitol; and remineralization solution (control) were applied with pH cycling for six days. The optical depth of backscattered light and microhardness of enamel were measured using SD-OCT and SMH. All remineralization agents were significantly efficient in ...

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    7. Vascular Responses to First-Generation Sirolimus-Eluting Stents and Bare-Metal Stents Beyond 10 Years

      Vascular Responses to First-Generation Sirolimus-Eluting Stents and Bare-Metal Stents Beyond 10 Years

      Background: There are limited data regarding differences in vascular responses between first-generation sirolimus-eluting stents (1G-SES) and bare-metal stents (BMS) >10 years after implantation. Methods and Results: We retrospectively investigated 223 stents (105 1G-SES, 118 BMS) from 131 patients examined by optical coherence tomography (OCT) >10 years after implantation. OCT analysis included determining the presence or absence of a lipid-laden neointima, calcified neointima, macrophage accumulation, malapposition, and strut coverage. Neoatherosclerosis was defined as having lipid-laden neointima. OCT findings were compared between the 1G-SES and BMS groups, and the predictors of neoatherosclerosis were determined. The median stent age at the time of ...

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    8. Analysis of Industry-Related Flows by Optical Coherence Tomography—A Review

      Analysis of Industry-Related Flows by Optical Coherence Tomography—A Review

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a light-based imaging method capable of simultaneously capturing the internal structure and motion (1D, 2D or 3D) of various opaque and turbid materials with a micron-level spatial resolution. Depending on the OCT technology, axial scanning rates can vary in a range of tens to hundreds of kHz. The actual imaging depth significantly depends on the optical properties of the material and can vary from micrometers to a few millimeters. From the viewpoint of industrial applications, OCT technology is very appealing. Due to its resolution, speed, and ability to deal with opaque materials, it fills an ...

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    9. Healed Erosion: The Role of Pre-interventional Optical Coherence Tomography in a Patient Clinically Suspected of Having Unstable Angina with Coronary Spasm

      Healed Erosion: The Role of Pre-interventional Optical Coherence Tomography in a Patient Clinically Suspected of Having Unstable Angina with Coronary Spasm

      A 46-year-old man complained of chest pain at rest for the past three months. His symptoms gradually exacerbated and were suspected of being due to unstable angina. A coronary angiogram revealed focal tight stenosis at the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery with gross spastic coronary findings. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) revealed layered low-intensity structures with microvessels and the accumulation of macrophages, which indicated progressive stenosis with multiple-layered organized thrombus caused by coronary erosion. We treated the stenosis using a drug-coated balloon instead of drug-eluting stents. There was no restenosis, and OCT revealed good plaque healing at follow-up. This case ...

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    10. Diagnostic Performance of High-Resolution Intravascular Ultrasound for Abnormal Post-Stent Findings After Stent Implantation ― A Comparison Study Between High-Resolution Intravascular Ultrasound and Optical Coherence Tomography ―

      Diagnostic Performance of High-Resolution Intravascular Ultrasound for Abnormal Post-Stent Findings After Stent Implantation ― A Comparison Study Between High-Resolution Intravascular Ultrasound and Optical Coherence Tomography ―

      Background: High-resolution intravascular ultrasound (HR-IVUS) is the most recently developed IVUS technology, which allows the detailed assessment of intravascular structures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of HR-IVUS in the detection of abnormal post-stent findings. Methods and Results: Patients with acute coronary syndrome underwent both HR-IVUS and optical coherence tomography (OCT) for post-stent evaluations. Quantitative measurements for stented segments and qualitative assessments for abnormal post-stent findings (stent edge dissection, intrastent tissue protrusion, and incomplete stent apposition [ISA]) were performed. Forty-seven patients underwent both HR-IVUS and OCT after stent implantation. HR-IVUS identified a larger minimal lumen ...

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    11. Post-Stent Optical Coherence Tomography Findings at Index Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - Characteristics Related to Subsequent Stent Thrombosis

      Post-Stent Optical Coherence Tomography Findings at Index Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - Characteristics Related to Subsequent Stent Thrombosis

      Background: The association between unfavorable post-stent optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings and subsequent stent thrombosis (ST) remains unclear. This study investigated the ST-related characteristics of post-stent OCT findings at index percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods and Results:Fifteen patients with ST onset after OCT-guided PCI (ST group) were retrospectively enrolled. Post-stent OCT findings in the ST group were compared with those in 70 consecutive patients (reference group) without acute coronary syndrome onset for at least 5 years after OCT-guided PCI. The incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was higher in the ST than reference group (60.0% vs. 17.1 ...

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    12. Predictors of Coronary Plaque Erosion in Current and Non-Current Smokers With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction ― An Optical Coherence Tomography Study ―

      Predictors of Coronary Plaque Erosion in Current and Non-Current Smokers With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction ― An Optical Coherence Tomography Study ―

      Background: Smoking is an important risk factor of plaque erosion. This study aimed to investigate the predictors of plaque erosion in current and non-current smokers presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods and Results: A total of 1,320 STEMI patients with culprit plaque rupture or plaque erosion detected by pre-intervention optical coherence tomography were divided into a current smoking group (n=715) and non-current smoking group (n=605). Plaque erosion accounted for 30.8% (220/715) of culprit lesions in the current smokers and 21.2% (128/605) in the non-current smokers. Multivariable analysis showed age <50 years ...

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    13. Three-dimensional live imaging of bovine embryos by optical coherence tomography

      Three-dimensional live imaging of bovine embryos by optical coherence tomography

      While embryo transfer (ET) is widely practiced, many of the transferred embryos fail to develop in cattle. To establish a more effective method for selecting bovine embryos for ET, here we quantified morphological parameters of living embryos using three-dimensional (3D) images non-invasively captured by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Seven Japanese Black embryos produced by in vitro fertilization that had reached the expanded blastocyst stage after 7 days of culture were transferred after imaged by OCT. Twenty-two parameters, including thickness and volumes of the inner cell mass, trophectoderm, and zona pellucida, and volumes of blastocoel and whole embryo, were quantified from ...

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    14. Impact of Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging on Decision-Making During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients Presented With Acute Coronary Syndromes

      Impact of Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging on Decision-Making During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients Presented With Acute Coronary Syndromes

      Background: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides valuable information to guide percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) regarding lesion preparation, stent sizing, and optimization. The aim of the present study was to compare lumen expansion of stent-treated lesions immediately after the procedure for ACS between OCT-guided PCI and angiography-guided PCI.Methods and Results:This study investigated stent-treated lesions immediately after PCI for ACS by using quantitative coronary angiography in 390 patients; 260 patients with OCT-guided PCI and 130 patients with angiography-guided PCI. Before stenting, the frequency of pre-dilatation and thrombus aspiration were not different between the OCT-guided and ...

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    15. Morphological Characteristics of Eroded Plaques with Noncritical Coronary Stenosis: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Morphological Characteristics of Eroded Plaques with Noncritical Coronary Stenosis: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Aims: Recent studies suggested plaque erosion with noncritical stenosis could be treated distinctly from that with critical stenosis, but their morphological features remained largely unknown. The present study aimed to investigate morphological features of eroded plaques with different lumen stenosis using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: A total of 348 ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction patients with culprit OCT-defined plaque erosion (OCT-erosion) were analyzed. Based on the severity of lumen area stenosis, all patients with OCT-erosions were divided into the following three groups: Group A (area stenosis <50%, n=50); Group B (50% ≤area stenosis <75%, n=146); Group C (area ...

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    16. Evaluation of choroidal thickness in children with type 1 diabetes: the role of optical coherence tomography in diabetic retinopathy screening

      Evaluation of choroidal thickness in children with type 1 diabetes: the role of optical coherence tomography in diabetic retinopathy screening

      The present study aimed to evaluate choroidal changes and alternations within the structure of the retina prior to visible morphologic signs of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in pediatric type 1 diabetes (T1D) cases. Two hundred and six eyes of 103 pediatric patients with T1D without DR and 88 eyes of 44 healthy controls were enrolled. They underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic examination and optical coherence tomography evaluation. Choroidal thickness (ChT) measurements were performed manually on macular and peripapillary regions. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of age, intraocular pressure, and axial length (p > 0.05). ChT measurements ...

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    17. Optical Coherence Tomography Images of an Occluded Pulmonary Vein After Atrial Fibrillation Ablation

      Optical Coherence Tomography Images of an Occluded Pulmonary Vein After Atrial Fibrillation Ablation

      A 44-year-old man who had undergone paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation 3 times at another hospital underwent endovascular treatment (EVT) for left superior pulmonary vein occlusion (LSPVO) due to hemoptysis following the administration of dabigatran (300 mg/day). At the initial EVT, dilatations using a 6-mm×20-mm balloon restored blood flow in the LSPV ( Figure A ). However, at the 3-month follow-up, enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed the recurrence of LSPVO, so secondary EVT was performed to prevent recurrent hemoptysis. Serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) images after dilatation with a 2-mm balloon ( Figure B–E ) revealed a hyperplastic neointima, mimicking a ...

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    18. Observation of the Suspected Sharp Structure Caused a Pinhole Balloon Rupture Using Optical Coherence Tomography and Coronary Angioscopy

      Observation of the Suspected Sharp Structure Caused a Pinhole Balloon Rupture Using Optical Coherence Tomography and Coronary Angioscopy

      Both optical coherence tomography (OCT) and coronary angioscopy (CAS) are excellent modalities to observe intracoronary structures. Although most coronary artery structures are identifiable by both modalities, some difficulty to assess structures may be present. We report a case of a 76-year-old male who presented with effort angina. Coronary angiography revealed a severe stenotic lesion in the distal right coronary artery (RCA), and hence, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to the lesion was performed. We additionally performed post-dilatation with a noncompliant balloon after stenting, resulting in the balloon rupturing at only 4 atm. When observing the balloon, a pinhole rupture was confirmed ...

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    19. Comparison of Optical Flow Ratio and Fractional Flow Ratio in Stent-Treated Arteries Immediately After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

      Comparison of Optical Flow Ratio and Fractional Flow Ratio in Stent-Treated Arteries Immediately After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

      Background: Optical flow ratio (OFR) is a recently developed method for functional assessment of coronary artery disease based on computational fluid dynamics of vascular anatomical data from intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between OFR and fractional flow reserve (FFR) in stent-treated arteries immediately after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and Results: The OFR and FFR were measured in 103 coronary arteries immediately after successful PCI with a stent. An increase in the OFR and FFR values within the stent was defined as in-stent ∆OFR and ∆FFR, respectively. The values of ...

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    20. In Vivo Evaluation of Tissue Protrusion by Using Optical Coherence Tomography and Coronary Angioscopy Immediately After Stent Implantation

      In Vivo Evaluation of Tissue Protrusion by Using Optical Coherence Tomography and Coronary Angioscopy Immediately After Stent Implantation

      Background: The relationship between the characteristics of tissue protrusion detected by using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the findings of coronary angioscopy (CAS) immediately after stent implantation were evaluated. Methods and Results: A total of 186 patients (192 stents) underwent OCT before and after stenting and were observed by using CAS immediately after stenting and at the chronic phase. Patients were assigned to irregular protrusion, smooth protrusion, and disrupted fibrous tissue protrusion groups according to OCT findings. Serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were measured before and after stent implantation. The grade of yellow color (YC) and neointimal coverage (NC ...

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    21. Very Late Stent Thrombosis 89 Months after Implantation of Durable Polymer Everolimus-Eluting Stent due to Late Acquired Stent Malapposition and Uncovered Struts Observed by Optical Coherence Tomography, Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Coronary Angioscopy

      Very Late Stent Thrombosis 89 Months after Implantation of Durable Polymer Everolimus-Eluting Stent due to Late Acquired Stent Malapposition and Uncovered Struts Observed by Optical Coherence Tomography, Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Coronary Angioscopy

      Very late stent thrombosis (VLST) is a potentially life-threatening complication in coronary angioplasty patients. The patient was a 95-year-old man who had been implanted with a durable polymer everolimus-eluting stent (DP-EES, 3.5 × 23 mm) at the restenosis site in the proximal part of the left descending artery using only plain balloon angioplasty for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) 27 months earlier. Final intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) evaluation had shown no stent malapposition and adequate stent expansion. However, he presented to our hospital due to vomiting and fatigue 89 months after the implantation. An electrocardiogram showed ST-elevation in V2-6 leads, we therefore ...

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    22. Monitoring fatigue damage in different CAD/CAM materials: A new approach with optical coherence tomography.

      Monitoring fatigue damage in different CAD/CAM materials: A new approach with optical coherence tomography.

      Purpose: To investigate fatigue damage over time, monolithic posterior computer-aided-designed/computer-aided-manufactured (CAD/CAM) crowns were artificially aged in a mouth-motion-simulator, and damage was monitored with optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Forty-eight crowns were milled of six different CAD/CAM-materials (n=8), including 3Y-TZP (Lava Plus,‘3Y’), 4Y-PSZ (Pritidentamultidisc,‘4Y’), 5Y-PSZ (Prettauanterior,‘5Y’), zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (CeltraDuo,‘ZLS’), hybrid ceramic (Vita Enamic,‘VE’),and resin composite (BrilliantCrios,‘COM’), and were adhesively luted on CAD/CAM-milled human molars. Specimens were artificially aged in a mouth-motion-simulator (50-500N, 2Hz, 37°C) for a period of 1 million cycles. Before loading and every 250,000 ...

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    23. Incidence and Predictors of Neoatherosclerosis in Patients with Early In-Stent Restenosis Determined Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Incidence and Predictors of Neoatherosclerosis in Patients with Early In-Stent Restenosis Determined Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Summary In-stent restenosis (ISR) still exists after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, even up to one year. The incidence and risk factors for neoatherosclerosis in patients with early ISR have not yet been elucidated. Here, we used optical coherence tomography (OCT) to evaluate the incidence and predictors of neoatherosclerosis in patients with early ISRs. OCT was performed on ISR lesions in 185 patients in order to detect neoatherosclerosis. The median follow-up was 180 days, and neoatherosclerosis was detected in 37% of early ISR lesions. According to the presence of neoatherosclerosis, patients with ISR were divided into two groups: neoatherosclerosis (group A ...

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    1-24 of 143 1 2 3 4 5 6 »
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