1. 1-14 of 14
    1. “Bringing on the light” in a complex clinical scenario: Optical coherence tomography–guided discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy in cancer patients with coronary artery disease (PROTECT-OCT registry)

      “Bringing on the light” in a complex clinical scenario: Optical coherence tomography–guided discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy in cancer patients with coronary artery disease (PROTECT-OCT registry)

      Background Cancer patients with recently placed drug-eluting stents (DESs) often require premature dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) discontinuation for cancer-related procedures. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can identify risk factors for stent thrombosis such as stent malapposition, incomplete strut coverage and in-stent restenosis and may help guide discontinuation of DAPT. Methods We conducted a single-center prospective study in cancer patients with recently placed (1-12 months) DES who required premature DAPT discontinuation. Patients were evaluated with diagnostic coronary angiogram and OCT. Individuals with appropriate stent strut coverage, expansion, apposition, and absence of in-stent restenosis or intraluminal masses were considered low risk and transiently ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: Emerson Perin
    2. “Bringing on the light” in a complex clinical scenario - Optical coherence tomography-guided discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy in cancer patients with coronary artery disease (PROTECT-OCT registry)

      “Bringing on the light” in a complex clinical scenario - Optical coherence tomography-guided discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy in cancer patients with coronary artery disease (PROTECT-OCT registry)

      Background Cancer patients with recently placed drug-eluting stents (DESs) often require premature dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) discontinuation for cancer-related procedures. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can identify risk factors for stent thrombosis such as stent malapposition, incomplete strut coverage and in-stent restenosis and may help guide discontinuation of DAPT. Methods We conducted a single-center prospective study in cancer patients with recently placed (1–12 months) DES who required premature DAPT discontinuation. Patients were evaluated with diagnostic coronary angiogram and OCT. Individuals with appropriate stent strut coverage, expansion, apposition, and absence of in-stent restenosis or intraluminal masses were considered low risk and ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: Emerson Perin
    3. Accuracy of intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography in identifying functionally significant coronary stenosis according to vessel diameter: A meta-analysis of 2,581 patients and 2,807 lesions

      Accuracy of intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography in identifying functionally significant coronary stenosis according to vessel diameter: A meta-analysis of 2,581 patients and 2,807 lesions

      Introduction Accuracy of intracoronary imaging to discriminate functionally significant coronary stenosis according to vessel diameter remains to be defined. Methods PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar were systematically searched for studies assessing diagnostic accuracy (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC], the primary end point) and sensitivity and specificity (the secondary end points) of minimal luminal area (MLA) or of minimal luminal diameter (MLD) derived from intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) or optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect functionally significant stenosis as determined with fractional flow reserve (FFR). Results Fifteen studies were included, 2 with 110 patients analyzing only left main (LM ...

      Read Full Article
    4. Suboptimal stent deployment is associated with subacute stent thrombosis: Optical Coherence Tomography insights from a multicenter matched study. From the CLI Foundation investigators: the CLI-THRO study

      Suboptimal stent deployment is associated with subacute stent thrombosis: Optical Coherence Tomography insights from a multicenter matched study. From the CLI Foundation investigators: the CLI-THRO study

      Background Acute or sub-acute stent thrombosis (ST) is a well described complication usually causing acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and in the worst case scenario sudden cardiac death. In this study we aimed at exploring the potential role of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the understanding of the mechanism of ST. Methods Twenty-one consecutive patients, after ACS due to a definite sub-acute ST, were assessed with OCT and matched 1:2 with 42 patients undergoing OCT for scheduled follow-up. OCT assessment was focused on features indicative of non-optimal stent deployment: under-expansion, malapposition, edge dissection and reference lumen narrowing. Results OCT revealed ...

      Read Full Article
    5. Spatial Heterogeneity of Neoatherosclerosis, and its Relationship with Neovascularization and Adjacent Plaque Characteristics: Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Spatial Heterogeneity of Neoatherosclerosis, and its Relationship with Neovascularization and Adjacent Plaque Characteristics: Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background Development of neoatherosclerosis (NA) has been reported to be a potential cause of late stent failure. However, the distribution of NA and its relationship with neovascularization (NV) and adjacent plaque characteristics remain unclear. Methods We investigated 167 stents (40 bare-metal stents, 84 sirolimus-eluting stents, and 43 everolimus-eluting stents) with optical coherence tomography. Each stent was divided into the proximal section (PS), mid section (MS) and distal section (DS). NA was defined as lipid-laden neointima or calcification inside stent. Adjacent plaque characteristics were evaluated within 5 mm proximal and distal reference segments. Results NA was more frequent in PS and ...

      Read Full Article
    6. Quantitative angiography and optical coherence tomography for the functional assessment of nonobstructive coronary stenoses: Comparison with fractional flow reserve

      Quantitative angiography and optical coherence tomography for the functional assessment of nonobstructive coronary stenoses: Comparison with fractional flow reserve

      Background The purpose was to compare 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA) with optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the functional assessment of nonobstructive coronary stenoses, as evaluated by fractional flow reserve (FFR). Methods Fifty-five nonobstructive coronary stenoses (30%-50% diameter stenosis by visual estimation) were assessed in 36 patients using FFR, 2-dimensional QCA (2D-QCA), 3D-QCA, and OCT. Results Angiographic stenosis severity by 2D-QCA was 34% ± 13% diameter stenosis, and minimal lumen diameter (MLD) was 1.77 ± 0.58 mm. Fractional flow reserve values were 0.85 ± 0.10. Correlation coefficients between FFR and MLD or minimal lumen area (MLA) were highly ...

      Read Full Article
    7. Tissue coverage and neointimal hyperplasia in overlap versus nonoverlap segments of drug-eluting stents 9 to 13 months after implantation: In vivo assessment with optical coherence tomography

      Tissue coverage and neointimal hyperplasia in overlap versus nonoverlap segments of drug-eluting stents 9 to 13 months after implantation: In vivo assessment with optical coherence tomography

      Background: Histologic experimental studies have reported incomplete neointimal healing in overlapping with respect to nonoverlapping segments in drug-eluting stents (DESs), but these observations have not been confirmed in human coronary arteries hitherto. On the contrary, angiographic and optical coherence tomography studies suggest that DES overlap elicits rather an exaggerated than an incomplete neointimal reaction.Methods: Optical coherence tomography studies from 2 randomized trials including sirolimus-eluting, biolimus-eluting, everolimus-eluting, and zotarolimus-eluting stents were analyzed at 9- to 13-month follow-up. Coverage in overlapping segments was compared versus the corresponding nonoverlapping segments of the same stents, using statistical pooled analysis.Results: Forty-two overlaps were ...

      Read Full Article
    8. ComparisOn of neointimal coVerage betwEen zotaRolimus-eluting stent and everolimus-eluting stent using Optical Coherence Tomography (COVER Oct)

      ComparisOn of neointimal coVerage betwEen zotaRolimus-eluting stent and everolimus-eluting stent using Optical Coherence Tomography (COVER Oct)

      Background Data on strut surface coverage of second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) are limited. We investigated stent strut coverage of resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES-R) or everolimus-eluting stent (EES) at 9 months after implantation using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods ComparisOn of neointimal coVerage betwEen zotaRolimus-eluting stent and everolimus-eluting stent using Optical Coherence Tomography (COVER OCT) is a prospective, randomized, multicenter trial comparing ZES-R to EES using OCT at 9 months after stent implantation. The primary end point was the rate of stent strut coverage at 9 months. Results A total of 51 patients were randomized to receive either ZES-R (ZES-R group ...

      Read Full Article
    9. Effect of strut thickness on neointimal atherosclerotic change over an extended follow-up period (≥4 years) after bare-metal stent implantation: Intracoronary optical coherence tomography examination

      Effect of strut thickness on neointimal atherosclerotic change over an extended follow-up period (≥4 years) after bare-metal stent implantation: Intracoronary optical coherence tomography examination

      Background Neointima inside the bare-metal stents (BMSs) can transform into atherosclerotic tissue during an extended follow-up because of a persistent inflammatory reaction to the metal. We sought to investigate whether strut thickness may impact on the atherosclerotic change in neointima 4 years or more after BMS implantation using optical coherence tomography. Methods Forty-six stented lesions of 41 patients with BMS ≥4 years after implantation who underwent optical coherence tomography were enrolled in the study. The strut was defined as thin when less than 100 μm and thick when ≥100 μm. According to these criteria, stents were divided into 2 groups ...

      Read Full Article
    10. Long-term tissue coverage of a biodegradable polylactide polymer–coated biolimus-eluting stent: Comparative sequential assessment with optical coherence tomography until complete resorption of the polymer

      Long-term tissue coverage of a biodegradable polylactide polymer–coated biolimus-eluting stent: Comparative sequential assessment with optical coherence tomography until complete resorption of the polymer

      Background: Biolimus-eluting stents (BESs) with a biodegradable polymer in abluminal coating achieve more complete coverage at 9 months compared with sirolimus-eluting stents (SESs) with a durable polymer, as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Whether this advantage persists or augments after complete resorption of the polymer (>12 months) is unknown.Methods: The LEADERS trial compared the performance of BES with that of SES. Patients were randomly allocated to a sequential angiographic follow-up, including OCT in selected sites, at 9 and 24 months. Struts coverage was compared using Bayesian hierarchical models as the primary outcome for the OCT substudy.Results: Fifty-six ...

      Read Full Article
    11. New insights by optical coherence tomography into the differences and similarities of culprit ruptured plaque morphology in non–ST-elevation myocardial infarction and ST-elevation myocardial infarction

      New insights by optical coherence tomography into the differences and similarities of culprit ruptured plaque morphology in non–ST-elevation myocardial infarction and ST-elevation myocardial infarction

      BackgroundPlaque rupture is the most common pathology associated with non–ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, limited data are available regarding ruptured plaque morphology and its relationship with the clinical syndrome. This study aimed (1) to provide a morphologic description of ruptured culprit lesions by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and (2) to investigate whether ruptured plaque morphology differs between NSTEMI and STEMI.MethodsWe included 84 consecutive patients with NSTEMI and STEMI undergoing OCT study of the culprit lesion. We identified patients with plaque rupture in the OCT study and used them as the study population. Qualitative ...

      Read Full Article
    12. Qualitative assessment of neointimal tissue after drug-eluting stent implantation: Comparison between follow-up optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound

      Qualitative assessment of neointimal tissue after drug-eluting stent implantation: Comparison between follow-up optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound

      BackgroundCharacterization of neointimal tissue is essential to understand the pathophysiology of in-stent restenosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. We compared the morphological characteristics of neointimal tissue as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in patients treated with DES.MethodsA total of 243 patients (250 lesions) underwent follow-up OCT and IVUS after DES implantation. Results Mean time interval from DES implantation to follow-up OCT/IVUS was 12.0 ± 9.3 (range 2.8-68.5) months. Percent neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) cross-sectional area (CSA) was calculated as (NIH CSA/stent CSA) × 100 for receiver-operating characteristic analysis of NIH detection ...

      Read Full Article
    13. Intracoronary thrombus formation after drug-eluting stents implantation: Optical coherence tomographic study

      Intracoronary thrombus formation after drug-eluting stents implantation: Optical coherence tomographic study
      Background: Intracoronary thrombus formation after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is not sufficiently evaluated.Methods: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed in 226 patients (total DES n = 244, sirolimus-eluting stent [SES] n = 95, paclitaxel-eluting stent [PES] n = 62, zotarolimus-eluting stent [ZES] n = 87) after implantation (mean 11 months, range 3-66 months). Using OCT, we investigated the incidence and determinants of intracoronary thrombus.Results: Intracoronary thrombus was detected in 35 (14%) cases (27 SES [28%], 7 PES [11%], and 1 ZES [1%], P
      Read Full Article
    14. Optical coherence tomography patterns of stent restenosis

      Background Stent restenosis is an infrequent but poorly understood clinical problem in the drug-eluting stent era. The aim of the study was to evaluate the morphologic characteristics of stent restenosis by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods Patients (n = 24, 25 vessels) presenting with angiographically documented stent restenosis were included. Quantitative OCT analysis consisted of lumen and stent area measurement and calculation of restenotic tissue area and burden. Qualitative restenotic tissue analysis included assessment of tissue structure, backscattering and symmetry, visible microvessels, lumen shape, and presence of intraluminal material. Results By angiography, restenosis was classified as diffuse, focal, and at the ...

      Read Full Article
    1-14 of 14
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks