1. Articles from opticsinfobase.org

  2. 1-24 of 1073 1 2 3 4 ... 43 44 45 »
    1. Investigation of temporal vascular effects induced by focused ultrasound treatment with speckle-variance optical coherence tomography

      Investigation of temporal vascular effects induced by focused ultrasound treatment with speckle-variance optical coherence tomography

      Focused ultrasound (FUS) can be used to locally and temporally enhance vascular permeability, improving the efficiency of drug delivery from the blood vessels into the surrounding tissue. However, it is difficult to evaluate in real time the effect induced by FUS and to noninvasively observe the permeability enhancement. In this study, speckle-variance optical coherence tomography (SVOCT) was implemented for the investigation of temporal effects on vessels induced by FUS treatment. With OCT scanning, the dynamic change in vessels during FUS exposure can be observed and studied. Moreover, the vascular effects induced by FUS treatment with and without the presence of ...

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    2. Optical coherence elastography for measuring the deformation within glass fiber composite

      Optical coherence elastography for measuring the deformation within glass fiber composite

      Optical coherence elastography (OCE) has been applied to the study of microscopic deformation in biological tissue under compressive stress for more than a decade. In this paper, OCE has been extended for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, to deformation measurement in a glass fiber composite in the field of nondestructive testing. A customized optical coherence tomography system, combined with a mechanical loading setup, was developed to provide pairs of prestressed and stressed structural images. The speckle tracking algorithm, based on 2D cross correlation, was used to estimate the local displacements in micrometer scale. The algorithm was ...

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    3. Biomedical applications of holographic microspectroscopy

      Biomedical applications of holographic microspectroscopy

      The identification and quantification of specific molecules are crucial for studying the pathophysiology of cells, tissues, and organs as well as diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Recent advances in holographic microspectroscopy, based on quantitative phase imaging or optical coherence tomography techniques, show promise for label-free noninvasive optical detection and quantification of specific molecules in living cells and tissues (e.g., hemoglobin protein). To provide important insight into the potential employment of holographic spectroscopy techniques in biological research and for related practical applications, we review the principles of holographic microspectroscopy techniques and highlight recent studies.

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    4. Histology validation of mapping depth-resolved cardiac fiber orientation in fresh mouse heart using optical polarization tractography

      Histology validation of mapping depth-resolved cardiac fiber orientation in fresh mouse heart using optical polarization tractography

      Myofiber organization in cardiac muscle plays an important role in achieving normal mechanical and electrical heart functions. An imaging tool that can reveal microstructural details of myofiber organization is valuable for both basic research and clinical applications. A high-resolution optical polarization tractography (OPT) was recently developed based on Jones matrix optical coherence tomography (JMOCT). In this study, we validated the accuracy of using OPT for measuring depth-resolved fiber orientation in fresh heart samples by comparing directly with histology images. Systematic image processing algorithms were developed to register OPT with histology images. The pixel-wise differences between the two tractographic results were ...

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    5. Single input state polarization sensitive swept source optical coherence tomography based on an all single mode fiber interferometer

      Single input state polarization sensitive swept source optical coherence tomography based on an all single mode fiber interferometer

      We present a newly developed single mode fiber based swept source polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography system using a single input state at 1040 nm. Two non-polarizing fiber based beam splitters are combined to form a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, while two polarizing beam splitters are used to obtain a polarization sensitive detection. Both types of beam splitters solely feature conventional single mode fibers. Polarization control paddles are used to set and maintain the polarization states in the fibers of the interferometer and detection unit. By use of a special paddle alignment scheme we are able to eliminate any bulk optic wave ...

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    6. Inverse scattering solutions using low-coherence light

      Inverse scattering solutions using low-coherence light

      We present a new wave-vector-space approach for solving inverse scattering problems. In our formulation, the theories for diffraction tomography and coherence gating are combined to explain 3D reconstruction with low-coherence light. Specifically, we apply this method to solve the scattering problem with broadband fields for transmission and reflection measurements. Our results can be applied to any interferometric measurements with low-coherence light, including optical coherence tomography, angle-resolved low-coherence interferometry, and white-light diffraction tomography.

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    7. Automatic dynamic tear meniscus measurement in optical coherence tomography

      Automatic dynamic tear meniscus measurement in optical coherence tomography

      An image processing algorithm is developed for quantitative assessment of tear meniscus dynamics from continuous optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements. Clinical utility of dynamic OCT tear meniscus measurement is assessed in studies of tear meniscus parameters. The results indicate that any apparent changes in the early post-blink phase meniscus parameters are essentially related to the longitudinal movements of the eye and not to the formation of tear meniscus corresponding to tear film build-up. Dynamic acquisition of tear film meniscus is essential for providing reliable estimates of its parameters such as height, depth, and area.

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    8. Generic pixel-wise speckle detection in Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography images

      Generic pixel-wise speckle detection in Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography images

      We present a generic phase-domain processing method for detecting speckles in Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. The physics behind the interferometry is revisited and analytically along with simulation results it indicates that the speckle formation comes with phase distortion to the complex OCT signal. The first and the second derivatives of phase along the imaging depth are then calculated for speckle identification. The phase-domain processing method was applied to images acquired by both spectral-domain OCT and swept-source OCT systems, and the experimental results show that this method enables pixel-wise speckle identification.

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    9. Applying RGB LED in full-field optical coherence tomography for real-time full-color tissue imaging

      Applying RGB LED in full-field optical coherence tomography for real-time full-color tissue imaging

      A conventional handheld skin camera is suitable for 2D inspection of shallow skin. Due to its high resolution and noninvasiveness, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become a popular medical-imaging technology. Among OCT schemes, full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) is suitable for rapid en face imaging, as it uses a 2D imaging device for pixel processing of a sample plane. Because of its wide bandwidth and long lifetime, an RGB LED was chosen in an FF-OCT system among three source candidates in this study. A full-color tissue image and real-time video were obtained from the system to demonstrate the potential of ...

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    10. Dynamics of a short cavity swept source OCT laser

      Dynamics of a short cavity swept source OCT laser

      We investigate the behaviour of a short cavity swept source laser with an intra cavity swept filter both experimentally and theoretically. We characterise the behaviour of the device with real-time intensity measurements using a fast digital oscilloscope, showing several distinct regimes, most notably regions of mode-hopping, frequency sliding mode-locking and chaos. A delay differential equation model is proposed that shows close agreement with the experimental results. The model is also used to determine important quantities such as the minimum and maximum sweep speeds for the mode-locking regime. It is also shown that by varying the filter width the maximum sweep ...

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    11. In vivo imaging of functional microvasculature within tissue beds of oral and nasal cavities by swept-source optical coherence tomography with a forward/side-viewing probe

      In vivo imaging of functional microvasculature within tissue beds of oral and nasal cavities by swept-source optical coherence tomography with a forward/side-viewing probe

      We report three-dimensional (3D) imaging of microcirculation within human cavity tissues in vivo using a high-speed swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) at 1300 nm with a modified probe interface. Volumetric structural OCT images of the inner tissues of oral and nasal cavities are acquired with a field of view of 2 mm × 2 mm. Two types of disposable and detachable probe attachments are devised and applied to the port of the imaging probe of OCT system, enabling forward and side imaging scans for selective and easy access to specific cavity tissue sites. Blood perfusion is mapped with OCT-based microangiography from ...

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    12. Multiwavelength phase unwrapping and aberration correction using depth filtered digital holography

      Multiwavelength phase unwrapping and aberration correction using depth filtered digital holography

      In this Letter, we present a new approach to processing data from a standard spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) system using depth filtered digital holography (DFDH). Intensity-based OCT processing has an axial resolution of the order of a few micrometers. When the phase information is used to obtain optical path length differences, subwavelength accuracy can be achieved, but this limits the resolvable step heights to half of the wavelength of the system. Thus there is a metrology gap between phase- and intensity-based methods. Our concept addresses this metrology gap by combining DFHD with multiwavelength phase unwrapping. Additionally, the measurements ...

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    13. Gabor-based anisotropic diffusion for speckle noise reduction in medical ultrasonography

      Gabor-based anisotropic diffusion for speckle noise reduction in medical ultrasonography

      In ultrasound (US), optical coherence tomography, synthetic aperture radar, and other coherent imaging systems, images are corrupted by multiplicative speckle noise that obscures image interpretation. An anisotropic diffusion (AD) method based on the Gabor transform, named Gabor-based anisotropic diffusion (GAD), is presented to suppress speckle in medical ultrasonography. First, an edge detector using the Gabor transform is proposed to capture directionality of tissue edges and discriminate edges from noise. Then the edge detector is embedded into the partial differential equation of AD to guide the diffusion process and iteratively denoise images. To enhance GAD’s adaptability, parameters controlling diffusion are ...

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      Mentions: Fudan University
    14. Numerical focusing methods for full field OCT: a comparison based on a common signal model

      Numerical focusing methods for full field OCT: a comparison based on a common signal model

      In this paper a theoretical model of the full field swept source (FF SS) OCT signal is presented based on the angular spectrum wave propagation approach which accounts for the defocus error with imaging depth. It is shown that using the same theoretical model of the signal, numerical defocus correction methods based on a simple forward model (FM) and inverse scattering (IS), the latter being similar to interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy (ISAM), can be derived. Both FM and IS are compared quantitatively with sub-aperture based digital adaptive optics (DAO). FM has the least numerical complexity, and is the fastest in ...

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    15. Multifocal interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy

      Multifocal interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy

      There is an inherent trade-off between transverse resolution and depth of field (DOF) in optical coherence tomography (OCT) which becomes a limiting factor for certain applications. Multifocal OCT and interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy (ISAM) each provide a distinct solution to the trade-off through modification to the experiment or via post-processing, respectively. In this paper, we have solved the inverse problem of multifocal OCT and present a general algorithm for combining multiple ISAM datasets. Multifocal ISAM (MISAM) uses a regularized combination of the resampled datasets to bring advantages of both multifocal OCT and ISAM to achieve optimal transverse resolution, extended effective ...

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    16. Bayesian maximum likelihood estimator of phase retardation for quantitative polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Bayesian maximum likelihood estimator of phase retardation for quantitative polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      This paper presents the theory and numerical implementation of a maximum likelihood estimator for local phase retardation (i.e., birefringence) measured using Jones-matrix-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography. Previous studies have shown conventional mean estimations of phase retardation and birefringence are significantly biased in the presence of system noise. Our estimator design is based on a Bayes’ rule that relates the distributions of the measured birefringence under a particular true birefringence and the true birefringence under a particular measured birefringence. We used a Monte-Carlo method to calculate the likelihood function that describes the relationship between the distributions and numerically implement ...

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    17. Motion artifact and background noise suppression on optical microangiography frames using a naïve Bayes mask

      Motion artifact and background noise suppression on optical microangiography frames using a naïve Bayes mask

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a technique that allows for the three-dimensional (3D) imaging of small volumes of tissue (a few millimeters) with high resolution ( ∼ 10     μ m ). Optical microangiography (OMAG) is a method of processing OCT data, which allows for the extraction of the tissue vasculature with capillary resolution from the OCT images. Cross-sectional B-frame OMAG images present the location of the patent blood vessels; however, the signal-to-noise-ratio of these images can be affected by several factors such as the quality of the OCT system and the tissue motion artifact. This background noise can appear in the en face projection ...

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    18. Perspectives of mid-infrared optical coherence tomography for inspection and micrometrology of industrial ceramics

      Perspectives of mid-infrared optical coherence tomography for inspection and micrometrology of industrial ceramics

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising tool for detecting micro channels, metal prints, defects and delaminations embedded in alumina and zirconia ceramic layers at hundreds of micrometers beneath surfaces. The effect of surface roughness and scattering of probing radiation within sample on OCT inspection is analyzed from the experimental and simulated OCT images of the ceramic samples with varying surface roughnesses and operating wavelengths. By Monte Carlo simulations of the OCT images in the mid-IR the optimal operating wavelength is found to be 4 µm for the alumina samples and 2 µm for the zirconia samples for achieving sufficient ...

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    19. Adaptive optics optical coherence tomography with dynamic retinal tracking

      Adaptive optics optical coherence tomography with dynamic retinal tracking

      Adaptive optics optical coherence tomography (AO-OCT) is a highly sensitive and noninvasive method for three dimensional imaging of the microscopic retina. Like all in vivo retinal imaging techniques, however, it suffers the effects of involuntary eye movements that occur even under normal fixation. In this study we investigated dynamic retinal tracking to measure and correct eye motion at KHz rates for AO-OCT imaging. A customized retina tracking module was integrated into the sample arm of the 2nd-generation Indiana AO-OCT system and images were acquired on three subjects. Analyses were developed based on temporal amplitude and spatial power spectra in conjunction ...

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    20. Coherence revival multiplexed, buffered swept source optical coherence tomography: 400  kHz imaging with a 100  kHz source

      Coherence revival multiplexed, buffered swept source optical coherence tomography: 400  kHz imaging with a 100  kHz source

      The effective speed of a swept source optical coherence tomography (SSOCT) imaging system was quadrupled using efficient sweep buffering along with coherence revival and spatial multiplexing. A polarizing beam splitter and fold mirror assembly were used to create a dual spot sample arm with a common objective designed for near-diffraction-limited retinal imaging. Using coherence revival, a variable optical delay line allowed for separate locations within a sample to be simultaneously imaged and frequency encoded by carefully controlling the optical path length of each sample path. This method can be used to efficiently quadruple the imaging speed of any SSOCT system ...

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    21. Fiber-optic polarization diversity detection for rotary probe optical coherence tomography

      Fiber-optic polarization diversity detection for rotary probe optical coherence tomography

      We report a polarization diversity detection scheme for optical coherence tomography with a new, custom, miniaturized fiber coupler with single mode (SM) fiber inputs and polarization maintaining (PM) fiber outputs. The SM fiber inputs obviate matching the optical lengths of the X and Y OCT polarization channels prior to interference and the PM fiber outputs ensure defined X and Y axes after interference. Advantages for this scheme include easier alignment, lower cost, and easier miniaturization compared to designs with free-space bulk optical components. We demonstrate the utility of the detection system to mitigate the effects of rapidly changing polarization states ...

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    22. Analysis of macular OCT images using deformable registration

      Analysis of macular OCT images using deformable registration

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the macula has become increasingly important in the investigation of retinal pathology. However, deformable image registration, which is used for aligning subjects for pairwise comparisons, population averaging, and atlas label transfer, has not been well–developed and demonstrated on OCT images. In this paper, we present a deformable image registration approach designed specifically for macular OCT images. The approach begins with an initial translation to align the fovea of each subject, followed by a linear rescaling to align the top and bottom retinal boundaries. Finally, the layers within the retina are aligned by a deformable ...

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    23. GPU-accelerated non-uniform fast Fourier transform-based compressive sensing spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      GPU-accelerated non-uniform fast Fourier transform-based compressive sensing spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      We implemented the graphics processing unit (GPU) accelerated compressive sensing (CS) non-uniform in k-space spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT). Kaiser-Bessel (KB) function and Gaussian function are used independently as the convolution kernel in the gridding-based non-uniform fast Fourier transform (NUFFT) algorithm with different oversampling ratios and kernel widths. Our implementation is compared with the GPU-accelerated modified non-uniform discrete Fourier transform (MNUDFT) matrix-based CS SD OCT and the GPU-accelerated fast Fourier transform (FFT)-based CS SD OCT. It was found that our implementation has comparable performance to the GPU-accelerated MNUDFT-based CS SD OCT in terms of image quality while ...

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    24. Optical coherence micro-elastography: mechanical-contrast imaging of tissue microstructure

      Optical coherence micro-elastography: mechanical-contrast imaging of tissue microstructure

      We present optical coherence micro-elastography, an improved form of compression optical coherence elastography. We demonstrate the capacity of this technique to produce en face images, closely corresponding with histology, that reveal micro-scale mechanical contrast in human breast and lymph node tissues. We use phase-sensitive, three-dimensional optical coherence tomography (OCT) to probe the nanometer-to-micrometer-scale axial displacements in tissues induced by compressive loading. Optical coherence micro-elastography incorporates common-path interferometry, weighted averaging of the complex OCT signal and weighted least-squares regression. Using three-dimensional phase unwrapping, we have increased the maximum detectable strain eleven-fold over no unwrapping and the minimum detectable strain is 2 ...

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    1-24 of 1073 1 2 3 4 ... 43 44 45 »
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