1. Articles from opticsinfobase.org

  2. 1-24 of 1063 1 2 3 4 ... 43 44 45 »
    1. In vivo imaging of functional microvasculature within tissue beds of oral and nasal cavities by swept-source optical coherence tomography with a forward/side-viewing probe

      In vivo imaging of functional microvasculature within tissue beds of oral and nasal cavities by swept-source optical coherence tomography with a forward/side-viewing probe

      We report three-dimensional (3D) imaging of microcirculation within human cavity tissues in vivo using a high-speed swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) at 1300 nm with a modified probe interface. Volumetric structural OCT images of the inner tissues of oral and nasal cavities are acquired with a field of view of 2 mm × 2 mm. Two types of disposable and detachable probe attachments are devised and applied to the port of the imaging probe of OCT system, enabling forward and side imaging scans for selective and easy access to specific cavity tissue sites. Blood perfusion is mapped with OCT-based microangiography from ...

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    2. Multiwavelength phase unwrapping and aberration correction using depth filtered digital holography

      Multiwavelength phase unwrapping and aberration correction using depth filtered digital holography

      In this Letter, we present a new approach to processing data from a standard spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) system using depth filtered digital holography (DFDH). Intensity-based OCT processing has an axial resolution of the order of a few micrometers. When the phase information is used to obtain optical path length differences, subwavelength accuracy can be achieved, but this limits the resolvable step heights to half of the wavelength of the system. Thus there is a metrology gap between phase- and intensity-based methods. Our concept addresses this metrology gap by combining DFHD with multiwavelength phase unwrapping. Additionally, the measurements ...

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    3. Gabor-based anisotropic diffusion for speckle noise reduction in medical ultrasonography

      Gabor-based anisotropic diffusion for speckle noise reduction in medical ultrasonography

      In ultrasound (US), optical coherence tomography, synthetic aperture radar, and other coherent imaging systems, images are corrupted by multiplicative speckle noise that obscures image interpretation. An anisotropic diffusion (AD) method based on the Gabor transform, named Gabor-based anisotropic diffusion (GAD), is presented to suppress speckle in medical ultrasonography. First, an edge detector using the Gabor transform is proposed to capture directionality of tissue edges and discriminate edges from noise. Then the edge detector is embedded into the partial differential equation of AD to guide the diffusion process and iteratively denoise images. To enhance GAD’s adaptability, parameters controlling diffusion are ...

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      Mentions: Fudan University
    4. Numerical focusing methods for full field OCT: a comparison based on a common signal model

      Numerical focusing methods for full field OCT: a comparison based on a common signal model

      In this paper a theoretical model of the full field swept source (FF SS) OCT signal is presented based on the angular spectrum wave propagation approach which accounts for the defocus error with imaging depth. It is shown that using the same theoretical model of the signal, numerical defocus correction methods based on a simple forward model (FM) and inverse scattering (IS), the latter being similar to interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy (ISAM), can be derived. Both FM and IS are compared quantitatively with sub-aperture based digital adaptive optics (DAO). FM has the least numerical complexity, and is the fastest in ...

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    5. Multifocal interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy

      Multifocal interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy

      There is an inherent trade-off between transverse resolution and depth of field (DOF) in optical coherence tomography (OCT) which becomes a limiting factor for certain applications. Multifocal OCT and interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy (ISAM) each provide a distinct solution to the trade-off through modification to the experiment or via post-processing, respectively. In this paper, we have solved the inverse problem of multifocal OCT and present a general algorithm for combining multiple ISAM datasets. Multifocal ISAM (MISAM) uses a regularized combination of the resampled datasets to bring advantages of both multifocal OCT and ISAM to achieve optimal transverse resolution, extended effective ...

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    6. Bayesian maximum likelihood estimator of phase retardation for quantitative polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Bayesian maximum likelihood estimator of phase retardation for quantitative polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      This paper presents the theory and numerical implementation of a maximum likelihood estimator for local phase retardation (i.e., birefringence) measured using Jones-matrix-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography. Previous studies have shown conventional mean estimations of phase retardation and birefringence are significantly biased in the presence of system noise. Our estimator design is based on a Bayes’ rule that relates the distributions of the measured birefringence under a particular true birefringence and the true birefringence under a particular measured birefringence. We used a Monte-Carlo method to calculate the likelihood function that describes the relationship between the distributions and numerically implement ...

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    7. Motion artifact and background noise suppression on optical microangiography frames using a naïve Bayes mask

      Motion artifact and background noise suppression on optical microangiography frames using a naïve Bayes mask

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a technique that allows for the three-dimensional (3D) imaging of small volumes of tissue (a few millimeters) with high resolution ( ∼ 10     μ m ). Optical microangiography (OMAG) is a method of processing OCT data, which allows for the extraction of the tissue vasculature with capillary resolution from the OCT images. Cross-sectional B-frame OMAG images present the location of the patent blood vessels; however, the signal-to-noise-ratio of these images can be affected by several factors such as the quality of the OCT system and the tissue motion artifact. This background noise can appear in the en face projection ...

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    8. Perspectives of mid-infrared optical coherence tomography for inspection and micrometrology of industrial ceramics

      Perspectives of mid-infrared optical coherence tomography for inspection and micrometrology of industrial ceramics

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising tool for detecting micro channels, metal prints, defects and delaminations embedded in alumina and zirconia ceramic layers at hundreds of micrometers beneath surfaces. The effect of surface roughness and scattering of probing radiation within sample on OCT inspection is analyzed from the experimental and simulated OCT images of the ceramic samples with varying surface roughnesses and operating wavelengths. By Monte Carlo simulations of the OCT images in the mid-IR the optimal operating wavelength is found to be 4 µm for the alumina samples and 2 µm for the zirconia samples for achieving sufficient ...

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    9. Adaptive optics optical coherence tomography with dynamic retinal tracking

      Adaptive optics optical coherence tomography with dynamic retinal tracking

      Adaptive optics optical coherence tomography (AO-OCT) is a highly sensitive and noninvasive method for three dimensional imaging of the microscopic retina. Like all in vivo retinal imaging techniques, however, it suffers the effects of involuntary eye movements that occur even under normal fixation. In this study we investigated dynamic retinal tracking to measure and correct eye motion at KHz rates for AO-OCT imaging. A customized retina tracking module was integrated into the sample arm of the 2nd-generation Indiana AO-OCT system and images were acquired on three subjects. Analyses were developed based on temporal amplitude and spatial power spectra in conjunction ...

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    10. Coherence revival multiplexed, buffered swept source optical coherence tomography: 400  kHz imaging with a 100  kHz source

      Coherence revival multiplexed, buffered swept source optical coherence tomography: 400  kHz imaging with a 100  kHz source

      The effective speed of a swept source optical coherence tomography (SSOCT) imaging system was quadrupled using efficient sweep buffering along with coherence revival and spatial multiplexing. A polarizing beam splitter and fold mirror assembly were used to create a dual spot sample arm with a common objective designed for near-diffraction-limited retinal imaging. Using coherence revival, a variable optical delay line allowed for separate locations within a sample to be simultaneously imaged and frequency encoded by carefully controlling the optical path length of each sample path. This method can be used to efficiently quadruple the imaging speed of any SSOCT system ...

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    11. Fiber-optic polarization diversity detection for rotary probe optical coherence tomography

      Fiber-optic polarization diversity detection for rotary probe optical coherence tomography

      We report a polarization diversity detection scheme for optical coherence tomography with a new, custom, miniaturized fiber coupler with single mode (SM) fiber inputs and polarization maintaining (PM) fiber outputs. The SM fiber inputs obviate matching the optical lengths of the X and Y OCT polarization channels prior to interference and the PM fiber outputs ensure defined X and Y axes after interference. Advantages for this scheme include easier alignment, lower cost, and easier miniaturization compared to designs with free-space bulk optical components. We demonstrate the utility of the detection system to mitigate the effects of rapidly changing polarization states ...

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    12. Analysis of macular OCT images using deformable registration

      Analysis of macular OCT images using deformable registration

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the macula has become increasingly important in the investigation of retinal pathology. However, deformable image registration, which is used for aligning subjects for pairwise comparisons, population averaging, and atlas label transfer, has not been well–developed and demonstrated on OCT images. In this paper, we present a deformable image registration approach designed specifically for macular OCT images. The approach begins with an initial translation to align the fovea of each subject, followed by a linear rescaling to align the top and bottom retinal boundaries. Finally, the layers within the retina are aligned by a deformable ...

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    13. GPU-accelerated non-uniform fast Fourier transform-based compressive sensing spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      GPU-accelerated non-uniform fast Fourier transform-based compressive sensing spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      We implemented the graphics processing unit (GPU) accelerated compressive sensing (CS) non-uniform in k-space spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT). Kaiser-Bessel (KB) function and Gaussian function are used independently as the convolution kernel in the gridding-based non-uniform fast Fourier transform (NUFFT) algorithm with different oversampling ratios and kernel widths. Our implementation is compared with the GPU-accelerated modified non-uniform discrete Fourier transform (MNUDFT) matrix-based CS SD OCT and the GPU-accelerated fast Fourier transform (FFT)-based CS SD OCT. It was found that our implementation has comparable performance to the GPU-accelerated MNUDFT-based CS SD OCT in terms of image quality while ...

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    14. Optical coherence micro-elastography: mechanical-contrast imaging of tissue microstructure

      Optical coherence micro-elastography: mechanical-contrast imaging of tissue microstructure

      We present optical coherence micro-elastography, an improved form of compression optical coherence elastography. We demonstrate the capacity of this technique to produce en face images, closely corresponding with histology, that reveal micro-scale mechanical contrast in human breast and lymph node tissues. We use phase-sensitive, three-dimensional optical coherence tomography (OCT) to probe the nanometer-to-micrometer-scale axial displacements in tissues induced by compressive loading. Optical coherence micro-elastography incorporates common-path interferometry, weighted averaging of the complex OCT signal and weighted least-squares regression. Using three-dimensional phase unwrapping, we have increased the maximum detectable strain eleven-fold over no unwrapping and the minimum detectable strain is 2 ...

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    15. Variations in optical coherence tomography resolution and uniformity: a multi-system performance comparison

      Variations in optical coherence tomography resolution and uniformity: a multi-system performance comparison

      Point spread function (PSF) phantoms based on unstructured distributions of sub-resolution particles in a transparent matrix have been demonstrated as a useful tool for evaluating resolution and its spatial variation across image volumes in optical coherence tomography (OCT) systems. Measurements based on PSF phantoms have the potential to become a standard test method for consistent, objective and quantitative inter-comparison of OCT system performance. Towards this end, we have evaluated three PSF phantoms and investigated their ability to compare the performance of four OCT systems. The phantoms are based on 260-nm-diameter gold nanoshells, 400-nm-diameter iron oxide particles and 1.5-micron-diameter silica ...

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    16. Speckle statistics in OCT images: Monte Carlo simulations and experimental studies

      Speckle statistics in OCT images: Monte Carlo simulations and experimental studies

      The speckle pattern of an optical coherence tomography (OCT) image carries potentially useful sample information that may assist in tissue characterization. Recent biomedical results in vivo indicate that the distribution of signal intensities within an OCT tissue image is well described by a log-normal-like (Gamma) function. To fully understand and exploit this finding, an OCT Monte Carlo model that accounts for speckle effects was developed. The resultant Monte Carlo speckle statistics predictions agree well with experimental OCT results from a series of control phantoms with variable scattering properties; the Gamma distribution provides a good fit to the theoretical and experimental ...

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    17. Noncontact quantitative biomechanical characterization of cardiac muscle using shear wave imaging optical coherence tomography

      Noncontact quantitative biomechanical characterization of cardiac muscle using shear wave imaging optical coherence tomography

      We report on a quantitative optical elastographic method based on shear wave imaging optical coherence tomography (SWI-OCT) for biomechanical characterization of cardiac muscle through noncontact elasticity measurement. The SWI-OCT system employs a focused air-puff device for localized loading of the cardiac muscle and utilizes phase-sensitive OCT to monitor the induced tissue deformation. Phase information from the optical interferometry is used to reconstruct 2-D depth-resolved shear wave propagation inside the muscle tissue. Cross-correlation of the displacement profiles at various spatial locations in the propagation direction is applied to measure the group velocity of the shear waves, based on which the Young ...

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    18. Gradient index lens based combined two-photon microscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Gradient index lens based combined two-photon microscopy and optical coherence tomography

      We report a miniaturized probe-based combined two-photon microscopy (TPM) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. This system is to study the colorectal cancer in mouse models by visualizing both cellular and structural information of the colon in 3D with TPM and OCT respectively. The probe consisted of gradient index (GRIN) lenses and a 90° reflecting prism at its distal end for side-viewing, and it was added onto an objective lens-based TPM and OCT system. The probe was 2.2 mm in diameter and 60 mm in length. TPM imaging was performed by raster scanning of the excitation focus at the ...

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    19. Microscope-integrated intraoperative OCT with electrically tunable focus and heads-up display for imaging of ophthalmic surgical maneuvers

      Microscope-integrated intraoperative OCT with electrically tunable focus and heads-up display for imaging of ophthalmic surgical maneuvers

      We present novel optical and mechanical designs for a microscope-integrated intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT) system with enhanced function and ergonomics for visualization of ophthalmic surgical maneuvers. Integration of an electrically tunable lens allows rapid focal plane adjustment and iOCT imaging of both anterior and posterior segment tissue microstructures while maintaining parfocality with the ophthalmic surgical microscope. We demonstrate novel visualization of instrument positions relative to tissue layers of interest as colormap overlays onto en face OCT data, which may provide integrative display of volumetric information during surgical maneuvers. Finally, we implement a heads-up display system to provide real-time feedback ...

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    20. Optical palpation: optical coherence tomography-based tactile imaging using a compliant sensor

      Optical palpation: optical coherence tomography-based tactile imaging using a compliant sensor

      We present optical palpation, a tactile imaging technique for mapping micrometer- to millimeter-scale mechanical variations in soft tissue. In optical palpation, a stress sensor consisting of translucent, compliant silicone with known stress–strain behavior is placed on the tissue surface and a compressive load is applied. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used to measure the local strain in the sensor, from which the local stress at the sample surface is calculated and mapped onto an image. We present results in tissue-mimicking phantoms, demonstrating the detection of a feature embedded 4.7 mm below the sample surface, well beyond the depth ...

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    21. Three-dimensional printing of tissue phantoms for biophotonic imaging

      Three-dimensional printing of tissue phantoms for biophotonic imaging

      We have investigated the potential of tissue phantoms fabricated with thermosoftening- and photopolymerization-based three-dimensional (3D) printers for use in evaluation of biophotonic imaging systems. The optical properties of printed polymer samples were measured and compared to biological tissues. Phantoms with subsurface channels as small as 0.2 mm in diameter were fabricated and imaged with microscopy, x-ray microtomography, and optical coherence tomography to characterize morphology. These phantoms were then implemented to evaluate the penetration depth of a hyperspectral reflectance imaging system used in conjunction with a near-infrared contrast agent. Results indicated that 3D printing may provide a suitable platform for ...

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    22. Photothermal optical coherence tomography based on the localized surface plasmon resonance of Au nanoring

      Photothermal optical coherence tomography based on the localized surface plasmon resonance of Au nanoring

      The conventional optical coherence tomography (OCT) images based on enhanced scattering and the photothermal (PT) images based on enhanced absorption of the localized surface plasmon (LSP) resonance of Au nanorings (NRIs) in a bio-tissue sample are demonstrated with the scans of an OCT system (1310-nm system), in which the spectral range covers the LSP resonance peak wavelength, and another OCT system (1060-nm system), in which the spectral range is away from the LSP resonance peak wavelength. A PT image is formed by evaluating the modulation frequency (400 Hz) response of an excitation laser with its wavelength (1308 nm) close to ...

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    23. Optofluidic needle probe integrating targeted delivery of fluid with optical coherence tomography imaging

      Optofluidic needle probe integrating targeted delivery of fluid with optical coherence tomography imaging

      We present an optofluidic optical coherence tomography (OCT) needle probe capable of modifying the local optical properties of tissue to improve needle-probe imaging performance. The side-viewing probe comprises an all-fiber-optic design encased in a hypodermic needle (outer diameter 720 μm) and integrates a coaxial fluid-filled channel, terminated by an outlet adjacent to the imaging window, allowing focal injection of fluid to a target tissue. This is the first fully integrated OCT needle probe design to incorporate fluid injection into the imaging mechanism. The utility of this probe is demonstrated in air-filled sheep lungs, where injection of small quantities of saline ...

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    24. In vivo imaging of nanoparticle delivery and tumor microvasculature with multimodal optical coherence tomography

      In vivo imaging of nanoparticle delivery and tumor microvasculature with multimodal optical coherence tomography

      Current imaging techniques capable of tracking nanoparticles in vivo supply either a large field of view or cellular resolution, but not both. Here, we demonstrate a multimodality imaging platform of optical coherence tomography (OCT) techniques for high resolution, wide field of view in vivo imaging of nanoparticles. This platform includes the first in vivo images of nanoparticle pharmacokinetics acquired with photothermal OCT (PTOCT), along with overlaying images of microvascular and tissue morphology. Gold nanorods (51.8 ± 8.1 nm by 15.2 ± 3.3 nm) were intravenously injected into mice, and their accumulation into mammary tumors was non-invasively imaged in ...

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    1-24 of 1063 1 2 3 4 ... 43 44 45 »
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