1. Articles in category: Gastroenterology

    505-528 of 531 « 1 2 ... 19 20 21 22 23 »
    1. Endoscope system

      An endoscope system is provided with a light guide including a plurality of optical paths, and a low-coherent light source that emits a low-coherent light beams. The low-coherent light source is provided at a proximal end side of the light guide. The light beams emitted by the low-coherent light source are incident on the plurality of optical paths, respectively. The endoscope system is further provided with an interferometer unit. The interferometer unit includes a beam splitting element that splits each of the low-coherent beams emitted from the distal end of the light guide and emits split one of each of ...
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      Mentions: Pentax
    2. Endoscope system, scanning optical system and polygon mirror

      An endoscope system which can obtain a tomographic image in accordance with optical coherence tomography (OCT). An OCT section of the endoscope system comprises a first optical fiber, a second optical fiber, an optical coupler, a super-luminescent diode (SLD), a photodetector, and a reference mirror. The first optical fiber is opposed to the SLD at its proximal end. The second optical fiber is opposed to the photodetector at its proximal end. The optical coupler establishes optical connection between the optical fibers. The reference mirror is arranged movable in front of the distal end of the second optical fiber. The distal ...
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      Mentions: Pentax
    3. Miniature Endoscope for Simultaneous Optical Coherence Tomography and Laser-Induced Fluorescence Measurement

      We have designed a multimodality system that combines optical coherence tomography (OCT) and laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) in a 2.0-mm-diameter endoscopic package. OCT provides ~18-μm resolution cross-sectional structural information over a 6-mm field. LIF spectra are collected sequentially at submillimeter resolution across the same field and provide histochemical information about the tissue. We present the use of a rod prism to reduce the asymmetry in the OCT beam caused by a cylindrical window. The endoscope has been applied to investigate mouse colon cancer in vivo.
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    4. Endoscope apparatus for setting a scanning area

      An endoscope apparatus that has an OCT function and can efficiently obtain an optical tomographic image is provided. An image of an area within a body cavity is displayed on a monitor, and an operator uses a pen-type input to specify a point thereon. An aiming-light is projected onto the body cavity and displayed on said monitor as a bright point, and a coated tube of an OCT probe is slid and rotated by a scanning controller so as to align the aiming-light with the point. A scanning-area setting means sets a ring shaped scanning area when the aiming-light and ...
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    5. Method and apparatus for obtaining an optical tomographic image of a sentinel lymph node

      An apparatus for obtaining a cellular image to be used in performing a test for pathology of the sentinel lymph node, which is the first lymph node a cancer metastasizes to. The gamma radiation emitted from a near-infrared fluorescent colorant injected in advance into the vicinity of a tumor is detected by use of a gamma-probe. A fiber coupler separates the low-coherence light emitted from the light source of an OCT portion (Optical Coherence Tomography) into a signal-light to be projected onto the sentinel lymph node and a reference-light whose wavelength is slightly shifted. The signal-light is projected onto the ...
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    6. Optical imaging device

      An Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) device irradiates a biological tissue with low coherence light, obtains a high resolution tomogram of the inside of the tissue by low-coherent interference with scattered light from the tissue, and is provided with an optical probe which includes an optical fiber having a flexible and thin insertion part for introducing the low coherent light. When the optical probe is inserted into a blood vessel or a patient's body cavity, the OCT enables the doctor to observe a high resolution tomogram. In a optical probe, generally, a fluctuation of a birefringence occurs depending on a ...
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    7. Optical coherent tomography apparatus, fiberoptic lateral scanner and method for studying biological tissues in vivo

      The present invention relates to the analysis of the internal structures of objects using optical means. According to the invention there were designed an apparatus suited for optical coherence tomography (OCT), an optical fiber lateral scanner (15), which is a part of said apparatus and is incorporated into an optical fiber probe (8), and a method for studying biological tissue in vivo, which allows for making a diagnostics of the biological tissue under, study on basis of the state of the basal membrane (46). The moving part of lateral scanner (15) of sampling arm (4) of interferometer (2) is arranged ...
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    8. Fiber bundle and endoscope apparatus

      A fiber bundle for image transmission includes pluralities of first optical fibers and a plurality of second optical fibers. Both pluralities of optical fibers being tied at their distal ends to form a composite bundle portion. The first optical fibers being tied at their proximal ends to form a first branched bundle portion and the second optical fibers being tied at their proximal ends to form a second branched bundle portion.
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      Mentions: Pentax
    9. Apparatus for in vivo imaging of the respiratory tract and other internal organs

      Apparatus for acquiring in vivo images of a site of interest within the internal organs of a body. The apparatus includes an elongate, flexible catheter. The catheter is introducible into the body and has a first end that remains external to the body and a second and positionable adjacent the site of interest. A movable scanning unit having at least one sensor for acquiring images is housed adjacent the second end of the catheter. There is a drive mechanism to control movement of the movable scanning unit from the first external end of the catheter to acquire multiple images of ...
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    10. Endoscope System

      An endoscope system capable of obtaining a normal light image and/or fluorescent light image is further provided with an a low-coherent light source arranged on a proximal end side of one of first and second light guides. A scanning unit is provided to cause the low-coherent light beam emerged from a tip of the first light guide to scan on the object. The low-coherent light reflected by the object is directed to the first light guide by the scanning unit as detecting light. A mirror is provided to reflect the low-coherent light beam emerged from a tip of the ...
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      Mentions: Pentax
    11. Fiber optic imaging endoscope interferometer with at least one faraday rotator

      Fiber optic imaging endoscope interferometer with at least one faraday rotator
      An imaging system for performing optical coherence tomography includes an optical radiation source; a reference optical reflector; a first optical path leading to the reference optical reflector; and a second optical path coupled to an endoscopic unit. The endoscopic unit preferably includes an elongated housing defining a bore; a rotatable single mode optical fiber having a proximal end and a distal end positioned within and extending the length of the bore of the elongated housing; and an optical system coupled to the distal end of the rotatable single mode optical fiber, positioned to transmit the optical radiation from the single ...
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    12. Endocope System

      An endoscope system is provided with a light guide including a plurality of optical paths, and a low-coherent light source that emits a low-coherent light beams. The low-coherent light source is provided at a proximal end side of the light guide. The light beams emitted by the low-coherent light source are incident on the plurality of optical paths, respectively. The endoscope system is further provided with an interferometer unit. The interferometer unit includes a beam splitting element that splits each of the low-coherent beams emitted from the distal end of the light guide and emits split one of each of ...
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      Mentions: Pentax
    13. Methods and apparatus for forward-directed optical scanning instruments

      Methods and apparatus for forward-directed optical scanning instruments
      An imaging system for performing forward scanning imaging for application to therapeutic and diagnostic devises used in medical procedures. The imaging system includes forward directed optical coherence tomography (OCT), and non-retroreflected forward scanning OCT. Also interferometric imaging and ranging techniques and fluorescent, Raman, two-photon, and diffuse wave imaging can be used. The forward scanning mechanisms include a cam attached to a motor, pneumatic devices, a pivoting device, piezoelectric transducers, electrostatic driven slides for substantially transverse scanning; counter-rotating prisms, and offset lenses are used for arbitrary scanning. The imaging system of the invention is applied to hand held probes including probes ...
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    14. Ultra-small optical probes, imaging optics, and methods for using same

      Ultra-small optical probes comprising a single-mode optical fiber and a lens which has substantially the same diameter as the optical fiber. The optical fiber and lens are positioned in a probe housing which is in the form of an insertional medical device such as a guidewire. Connector elements are provided to facilitate the attachment of the probe to an optical system and the quick disconnection of the probe from the optical system. The probe is used to obtain optical measurements in situ in the body of an organism and can be used to guide interventional procedures by a surgeon.

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    15. Endoscopic optical coherence tomography based on a microelectromechanical mirror

      Endoscopic optical coherence tomography based on a microelectromechanical mirror
      An endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) system based on a microelectromechanical mirror to facilitate lateral light scanning is described. The front-view OCT scope, adapted to the instrument channel of a commercial endoscopic sheath, allows real-time cross-sectional imaging of living biological tissue via direct endoscopic visual guidance. The transverse and axial resolutions of the OCT scope are roughly 20 and 10.2μm, respectively. Cross-sectional images of 500×1000 pixels covering an area of 2.9 mm×2.8 mm can be acquired at ~5 frames/s and with nearly 100-dB dynamic range. Applications in thickness measurement and bladder tissue imaging are ...
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    16. Light scanning devices of a water-tight structure to be inserted into a body cavity to obtain optical information on inside of a biological tissue

      A light scanning device has a tip structure which includes a light scanning part connected to a light source, and which is insertable into a body cavity and is formed so as to be water-tight. A controlling part controls the light scan through the tip structure, and the tip structure and the controlling part are also connected to each other in a water-tight manner by a slender tube through which a plurality of electrical cables pass. An electric connector is fixed with the proximal end portion of the tube in a water-tight manner, and is electrically connectable so as to ...
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      Mentions: Olympus
    17. Optical focusing, collimating and coupling systems for use with single mode optical fiber

      Coupling devices for coupling a lens to a single mode optical fiber are disclosed. In one aspect, a lens alignment assembly is the coupling device and includes a single mode optical fiber, a lens, and a locating tube. The locating tube includes a hollow bore having an internal diameter such that the lens and single mode optical fiber are held in a tight, sliding fit within the locating tube. In another aspect, the device includes a single mode optical fiber located adjacent to a cylindrically shaped lens. The lens includes an angled facet having a reflective surface for directing light ...
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    18. Method and apparatus for performing optical measurements using a fiber optic imaging guidewire, catheter or endoscope

      Method and apparatus for performing optical measurements using a fiber optic imaging guidewire, catheter or endoscope
      An imaging system for performing optical coherence tomography includes an optical radiation source; a reference optical reflector; a first optical path leading to the reference optical reflector; and a second optical path coupled to an endoscopic unit. The endoscopic unit preferably includes an elongated housing defining a bore; a rotatable single mode optical fiber having a proximal end and a distal end positioned within and extending the length of the bore of the elongated housing; and an optical system coupled to the distal end of the rotatable single mode optical fiber, positioned to transmit the optical radiation from the single ...
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    19. Optical imaging apparatus which radiates a low coherence light beam onto a test object, receives optical information from light scattered by the object, and constructs therefrom a cross-sectional image of the object

      A low coherence beam emitted by a low coherence light source is split into two portions. One portion is transmitted from the outward end of a first single mode fiber via a detachable connector to a beam scanning probe, and then to a biological tissue; and the other is transmitted from an optical coupler placed midway along the light path via a second single mode fiber to a light path modifier. The light path modifier includes a galvanometer mirror to modify the light path length in accordance with a scan range, and a uniaxial stage to adjust the light path ...
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      Mentions: Olympus
    20. Optical biopsy forceps system and method of diagnosing tissue

      A biopsy forceps device is provided for obtaining tissue samples at a site within the body, while maintaining access to the site through an access lumen of the biopsy forceps. The device includes an elongate tubular body for introduction into the body and navigation to an area of interest. An inner tubular member having a lumen, or a plurality of lumens, extends through or adjacent the outer tubular member, from the proximal end to the distal end, where cutting jaws are provided. The cutting jaws are rotatably mounted at the distal end of the device and are controlled by movement ...
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    21. Catheter system and drive assembly thereof

      A system (2) includes broadly a catheter assembly (6) and a drive assembly (4). The catheter assembly includes a hollow sheath (20) housing a connecting element, typically a drive cable (22), with an operative element, such as a transducer (24), towards its distal end (26). The drive assembly is adapted to move the connecting element longitudinally within the hollow sheath. The drive assembly includes a main body (8) to which a proximal assembly, such as a rotary drive assembly (16), connected to the proximal end (28) of the connecting element, is mounted for longitudinal movement along the main body. The ...
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    505-528 of 531 « 1 2 ... 19 20 21 22 23 »
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