1. Articles in category: Gastroenterology

    1-24 of 585 1 2 3 4 ... 23 24 25 »
    1. Measuring Barrett’s Epithelial Thickness with Volumetric Laser Endomicroscopy as a Biomarker to Guide Treatment

      Measuring Barrett’s Epithelial Thickness with Volumetric Laser Endomicroscopy as a Biomarker to Guide Treatment

      Background Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) treatment outcomes vary for unknown reasons. One hypothesis is that variations in Barrett’s epithelial thickness (BET) are associated with reduced RFA efficacy for thicker BET and strictures for thinner BET. Volumetric laser endomicroscopy (VLE) is an imaging modality that acquires high-resolution, depth-resolved images of BE. However, the attenuation of light by tissue and the lack of layering in Barrett’s tissue challenge BET measurements and the study of relationships between thickness and RFA outcomes. We aimed to quantify BET and compared the reliability of standard and contrast-enhanced VLE images. Methods Baseline VLE scans from BE ...

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    2. Faster 3-D imaging could aid diagnosis of cardiovascular, gastrointestinal disease

      Faster 3-D imaging could aid diagnosis of cardiovascular, gastrointestinal disease

      Researchers have developed a faster way to acquire 3-D endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. With further development, the new approach could be useful for early detection and classification of a wide range of diseases. The new method uses computational approaches that create a full 3-D image from incomplete data. In the Optical Society journal Applied Optics , the researchers report that useful 3-D images could be constructed using 40 percent less data than traditional 3-D OCT approaches, which would decrease imaging time by 40 percent. OCT is a biomedical imaging technique that has seen expanding clinical use in recent years ...

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    3. Three-dimensional endoscopic OCT using sparse sampling with a miniature magnetic-driven scanning probe

      Three-dimensional endoscopic OCT using sparse sampling with a miniature magnetic-driven scanning probe

      We propose to apply sparse sampling and compressive sensing (CS) reconstruction in three-dimensional (3D) endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) to reduce the amount of data required in the imaging process. We used a homemade miniature side-imaging magnetic-driven scanning probe with an outer diameter of 1.4 mm in a 1310 nm swept-source OCT system to acquire two-dimensional (2D) circumferential cross-sectional images of an ex vivo pigeon trachea sample. 3D imaging is then achieved by reconstruction from the multiple 2D images acquired while pulling the sample with a translation stage. Given a total translation distance, we achieved sparse sampling by randomizing ...

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    4. Computer-Aided Analysis of Gland-Like Subsurface Hyposcattering Structures in Barrett’s Esophagus Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Computer-Aided Analysis of Gland-Like Subsurface Hyposcattering Structures in Barrett’s Esophagus Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      (1) Background: Barrett’s esophagus (BE) is a complication of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease and is a precursor to esophageal adenocarcinoma. The clinical implication of subsurface glandular structures of Barrett’s esophagus is not well understood. Optical coherence tomography (OCT), also known as volumetric laser endomicroscopy (VLE), can assess subsurface glandular structures, which appear as subsurface hyposcattering structures (SHSs). The aim of this study is to develop a computer-aided algorithm and apply it to investigate the characteristics of SHSs in BE using clinical VLE data; (2) Methods: SHSs were identified with an initial detection followed by machine learning. Comprehensive SHS ...

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    5. NinePoint Medical Announces FDA Clearance of an Artificial Intelligence Software Upgrade for the NvisionVLE Imaging System

      NinePoint Medical Announces FDA Clearance of an Artificial Intelligence Software Upgrade for the NvisionVLE Imaging System

      NinePoint Medical, Inc., a transformative medical device company pioneering the use of a real-time imaging platform for gastrointestinal applications, announced today that it has received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) clearance to market its Intelligent Real-time Image Segmentation™ (IRIS) software upgrade for its flagship product, the NvisionVLE Imaging System. IRIS, an artificial intelligence-based platform for image feature segmentation, is the first tool of its kind approved for use in imaging of esophageal tissue. The NvisionVLE Imaging System allows physicians to perform a Volumetric Laser Endomicroscopy (VLE) procedure that produces real-time, high-resolution cross-sectional images. This system enables gastroenterologists to ...

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    6. Super‐achromatic Optical Coherence Tomography Capsule for Ultrahigh‐resolution Imaging of Esophagus

      Super‐achromatic Optical Coherence Tomography Capsule for Ultrahigh‐resolution Imaging of Esophagus

      Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive technology allowing for imaging of tissue microanatomies of luminal organs in real time. Conventional endoscopic OCT operates at 1,300 nm wavelength region with a sub‐optimal axial resolution limited to 8‐20 μm. In this paper we present the first ultrahigh‐resolution tethered OCT capsule operating at 800 nm and offering about 3‐4 fold improvement of axial resolution (plus enhanced imaging contrast). The capsule uses diffractive optics to manage chromatic aberration over a full ~200 nm spectral bandwidth centering around 830 nm, enabling to achieve super‐achromaticity and an axial ...

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    7. Feature Of The Week 10/08/2018: Clinical Utility of Ultrahigh-Speed Endoscopic Optical Coherence Tomography in Gastroenterology

      Feature Of The Week 10/08/2018: Clinical Utility of Ultrahigh-Speed Endoscopic Optical Coherence Tomography in Gastroenterology

      Barrett’s esophagus (BE) surveillance is limited by biopsy sampling error. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) enables microscopic resolution, high speed, volumetric imaging and is commercially available as volumetric laser endomicroscopy (VLE, NinePoint Medical). Studies investigated cross-sectional OCT dysplasia features, including a diagnostic algorithm (VLE-DA), however, many VLE studies used ex vivo specimens due to challenges in registering biopsy with OCT. We previously demonstrated ultrahigh-speed endoscopic OCT >10x faster than commercial instruments, enabling depth-resolved en face and cross-sectional imaging. This study investigated volumetric en face and cross-sectional OCT for identifying neoplasia. 74 OCT datasets with correlated biopsy/endoscopic mucosal resection histology ...

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    8. Assessment of Barrett’s esophagus and dysplasia with ultrahigh-speed volumetric en face and cross-sectional optical coherence tomography

      Assessment of Barrett’s esophagus and dysplasia with ultrahigh-speed volumetric en face and cross-sectional optical coherence tomography

      Background  This study aimed to evaluate the use of ultrahigh-speed volumetric en face and cross-sectional optical coherence tomography (OCT) with micromotor catheters for the in vivo assessment of Barrett’s esophagus and dysplasia. Methods  74 OCT datasets with correlated biopsy/endoscopic mucosal resection histology (49 nondysplastic Barrett’s esophagus [NDBE], 25 neoplasia) were obtained from 14 patients with Barrett’s esophagus and a history of dysplasia and 30 with NDBE. The associations between irregular mucosal patterns on en face OCT, absence of mucosal layering, surface signal > subsurface, and > 5 atypical glands on cross-sectional OCT vs. histology and treatment history were ...

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    9. Swept-source optical coherence tomography microsystem with an integrated Mirau interferometer and electrothermal micro-scanner

      Swept-source optical coherence tomography microsystem with an integrated Mirau interferometer and electrothermal micro-scanner

      In the rapid evolution of gastrointestinal endomicroscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has found many diverse applications. Until recently, the micro-opto–electro-mechanical systems (MOEMS) technology has been playing a key role in shaping the miniaturization of these components. We report here, to the best of our knowledge, a novel endoscopic microsystem. It is based on a spectrally tuned MOEMS Mirau micro-interferometer integrated with micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) electro-thermal micro-scanner, operating in the regime of swept-source (SS) OCT imaging. This Letter validates our initial proof-of-concept toward the development of such MOEMS probe and the presentation of experimental performances of the resulting SS-OCT microsystem. .

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    10. Predict Recurrence of Barrett's Esophagus After Complete Eradication of Intestinal Metaplasia

      Predict Recurrence of Barrett's Esophagus After Complete Eradication of Intestinal Metaplasia

      Patients with Barrett's Esophagus (BE) undergoing endoscopic therapy through our Barrett's Esophagus Unit will be approached for study enrollment. Patients with no endoscopic evidence of BE will be considered for the study. Surveillance biopsies will be obtained per standard clinical protocol and reviewed to confirm absence of intestinal metaplasia. Patients who have achieved complete eradication of intestinal metaplasia (CRIM) will be enrolled in the study and will undergo the Nvision® Imaging System (VLE). Patients enrolled in the study will undergo clinical follow-up consisting of surveillance endoscopy every 3 months for 1 year. Surveillance endoscopy intervals may be prolonged ...

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    11. Assessment and Diagnosis of Human Ovarian and Colorectal Cancer using Optical and Photoacoustic Imaging (Thesis)

      Assessment and Diagnosis of Human Ovarian and Colorectal Cancer using Optical and Photoacoustic Imaging (Thesis)

      Optical imaging modalities have the advantage of high resolution, label free, rapid, low cost imaging for both in vivo and ex vivo diagnosis of biological tissues. Optical scattering, which is the main contrast of optical coherence tomography (OCT), is related to elastic scattering components, mainly stromal collagen. Tissue elasticity has recently emerged as an important diagnostic parameter associated with tumor development and progression and is also related to the distribution of structural components such as tissue collagen. We have used an optical coherence tomography elastography (OCTE) system for characterizing the differences in the micro-mechanical properties of benign and malignant human ...

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    12. Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to detect radiation-induced fibrosis and residual cancer extent after neoadjuvant chemo-radiation therapy: an ex vivo study

      Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to detect radiation-induced fibrosis and residual cancer extent after neoadjuvant chemo-radiation therapy: an ex vivo study

      Treatment of resectable esophageal cancer includes neoadjuvant chemo-radiation therapy (nCRT) followed by esophagectomy in operable patients. High-risk surgery may have been avoided in patients with a pathological complete response (pCR). We investigated the feasibility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect residual cancer and radiation-induced fibrosis in 10 esophageal cancer patients that underwent nCRT followed by esophagectomy. We compared our OCT findings with histopathology. Overall, OCT was able to differentiate between healthy tissue, fibrotic tissue, and residual cancer with a sensitivity and specificity of 79% and 67%, respectively. Hence, OCT has the potential to add to the assessment of a ...

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    13. Nano-optic endoscope for high-resolution optical coherence tomography in vivo

      Nano-optic endoscope for high-resolution optical coherence tomography in vivo

      Acquisition of high-resolution images from within internal organs using endoscopic optical imaging has numerous clinical applications. However, difficulties associated with optical aberrations and the trade-off between transverse resolution and depth of focus significantly limit the scope of applications. Here, we integrate a metalens, with the ability to modify the phase of incident light at subwavelength level, into the design of an endoscopic optical coherence tomography catheter (termed nano-optic endoscope) to achieve near diffraction-limited imaging through negating non-chromatic aberrations. Remarkably, the tailored chromatic dispersion of the metalens in the context of spectral interferometry is utilized to maintain high-resolution imaging beyond the ...

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    14. NinePoint Medical Appoints Eman Namati, Ph.D., to Chief Executive Officer

      NinePoint Medical Appoints Eman Namati, Ph.D., to Chief Executive Officer

      NinePoint Medical, Inc, a transformative medical device company pioneering the use of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for gastrointestinal applications, is pleased to announce the appointment of Eman Namati, Ph.D., to President and Chief Executive Officer. Dr. Namati succeeds Christopher von Jako, Ph.D., who will continue to serve on the Board of Directors as an independent member. Dr. Namati will assume day-to-day leadership at NinePoint Medical while working in collaboration with Merit Medical Systems Inc. (NASDAQ:MMSI), who now manages the sales distribution and customer service for the NvisionVLE®Imaging System. "With the recent strategic partnership NinePoint entered into ...

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    15. Optical Coherence Tomography for Barrett Esophagus

      Optical Coherence Tomography for Barrett Esophagus

      G&H Can you provide a brief overview of optical coherence tomography? VK Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an advanced imaging technology that was developed in the 1990s. Its application in the endoscopic realm began in the late 1990s. Approximately 5 years ago, a second-generation, advanced OCT technology known as volumetric laser endomicroscopy (VLE; NvisionVLE Imaging System, NinePoint Medical) became available in the US market. Since then, VLE has been the main commercially available OCT-platform product approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the purpose of advanced endoscopic imaging. The mechanism by which OCT technology works is by ...

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    16. Innovative Endoscopies to Be Clinically Used in the Near Future

      Innovative Endoscopies to Be Clinically Used in the Near Future

      In contrast to traditional single-lens endoscopies, recently introduced full-spectrum endoscopy (FUSE) scopes include multiple lenses providing a much wider field of view. In many studies, FUSE was shown to be feasible, effective, and safe, and FUSE colonoscopy yielded higher polyp (PDR), adenoma (ADR), and diverticular (DDR) detection rates than did traditional colonoscopy, without therapeutic failure or complications. Moreover, using FUSE gastroscopy, the prevalence of duodenal peri-ampullary diverticula (DPAD) in the general population could be analyzed without using ERCP. In the future, the next generation of modified FUSE system is expected to be useful in direct peroral cholangioscopy and in simultaneous ...

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    17. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Editorial Board top 10 topics: advances in GI endoscopy in 2017

      Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Editorial Board top 10 topics: advances in GI endoscopy in 2017

      Much effort during the past 2 decades has focused on developing novel imaging techniques to enable real-time “optical biopsy” during endoscopy. The ASGE’s Preservation and Incorporation of Valuable Endoscopic Innovations initiative recommends appropriate thresholds for application of novel imaging, particularly narrow-band imaging, when trained endoscopists evaluate BE and small colon polyps.40,41 Although narrow-band imaging has been available in most endoscopy units for many years, its application for management of BE in routine practice is still unclear. In 2017, a retrospective analysis of BE detection before and after the institution of a novel imaging– directed biopsy program did ...

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    18. Multimodality endoscopic optical coherence tomography and fluorescence imaging technology for visualization of layered architecture and subsurface microvasculature

      Multimodality endoscopic optical coherence tomography and fluorescence imaging technology for visualization of layered architecture and subsurface microvasculature

      Endoscopic imaging technologies, such as endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) and near-infrared fluorescence, have been used to investigate vascular and morphological changes as hallmarks of early cancer in the gastrointestinal tract. Here we developed a high-speed multimodality endoscopic OCT and fluorescence imaging system. Using this system, the architectural morphology and vasculature of the rectum wall were obtained simultaneously from a Sprague Dawley rat in vivo . This multimodality imaging strategy in a single imaging system permits the use of a single imaging probe, thereby improving prognosis by early detection and reducing costs.

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    19. NinePoint Medical, Inc. Enters Into A Strategic Partnership and Worldwide Distribution with Merit Medical Systems, Inc.

      NinePoint Medical, Inc. Enters Into A Strategic Partnership and Worldwide Distribution with Merit Medical Systems, Inc.

      NinePoint Medical, Inc., a transformative medical device company pioneering the use of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for gastrointestinal applications, today announced a long-term strategic partnership with Merit Medical Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: MMSI ). This partnership includes a strategic investment and a worldwide distribution agreement with Merit Medical’s endoscopic division, Merit Medical Endotek® (Endotek), for NinePoint Medical’s NvisionVLE® Imaging System with Real-time Targeting™. This partnership combines the world-class Gastrointestinal (GI) and Pulmonary medical devices from Endotek with the ground-breaking Advanced OCT platform from NinePoint Medical. This OCT platform has, in a short period of time, become a primary imaging device ...

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    20. Feasibility of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for Intra-Operative Detection of Blood Flow during Gastric Tube Reconstruction

      Feasibility of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for Intra-Operative Detection of Blood Flow during Gastric Tube Reconstruction

      In this study; an OCT-based intra-operative imaging method for blood flow detection during esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction is investigated. Change in perfusion of the gastric tube tissue can lead to ischemia; with a high morbidity and mortality as a result. Anastomotic leakage (incidence 5–20%) is one of the most severe complications after esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction. Optical imaging techniques provide for minimal-invasive and real-time visualization tools that can be used in intraoperative settings. By implementing an optical technique for blood flow detection during surgery; perfusion can be imaged and quantified and; if needed; perfusion can be improved ...

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    21. Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to detect acute radiation-induced esophageal damage in small animal models

      Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to detect acute radiation-induced esophageal damage in small animal models

      Lung cancer survival is poor, and radiation therapy patients often suffer serious treatment side effects. The esophagus is particularly sensitive leading to acute radiation-induced esophageal damage (ARIED). We investigated the feasibility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for minimally invasive imaging of the esophagus with high resolution (10  μm) to detect ARIED in mice. Thirty mice underwent cone-beam computed tomography imaging for initial setup assessment and dose planning followed by a single-dose delivery of 4.0, 10.0, 16.0, and 20.0 Gy on 5.0-mm spots, spaced 10.0 mm apart in the esophagus. They were repeatedly imaged using ...

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    22. Incremental yield of dysplasia detection in Barrett’s esophagus using volumetric laser endomicroscopy with and without laser marking compared with a standardized random biopsy protocol

      Incremental yield of dysplasia detection in Barrett’s esophagus using volumetric laser endomicroscopy with and without laser marking compared with a standardized random biopsy protocol

      Background and Aims Volumetric laser endomicroscopy (VLE) is a new wide-field advanced imaging technology for Barrett’s esophagus (BE). No data exist on incremental yield of dysplasia detection. Our aim is to report the incremental yield of dysplasia detection in BE using VLE. Methods This is a retrospective study from a prospectively maintained database from 2011 to 2017 comparing the dysplasia yield of 4 different surveillance strategies in an academic BE tertiary care referral center. The groups were (1) random biopsies (RB), (2) Seattle protocol random biopsies (SP), (3) VLE without laser marking (VLE), and (4) VLE with laser marking ...

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