1. Articles in category: Microscopy

    1-24 of 447 1 2 3 4 ... 17 18 19 »
    1. Microscope-Integrated OCT Feasibility and Utility With the EnFocus System in the DISCOVER Study

      Microscope-Integrated OCT Feasibility and Utility With the EnFocus System in the DISCOVER Study

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and utility of a novel microscope-integrated intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The DISCOVER study is an investigational device study evaluating microscope-integrated intraoperative OCT systems for ophthalmic surgery. This report focuses on subjects imaged with the EnFocus prototype system (Leica Microsystems/Bioptigen, Morrisville, NC). OCT was performed at surgeon-directed milestones. Surgeons completed a questionnaire after each case to evaluate the impact of OCT on intraoperative management. RESULTS: Fifty eyes underwent imaging with the EnFocus system. Successful imaging was obtained in 46 of 50 eyes (92%). In eight cases (16%), surgical ...

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    2. 3D wide field-of-view Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy advancing real-time in-vivo imaging and metrology

      3D wide field-of-view Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy advancing real-time in-vivo imaging and metrology

      Real-time volumetric high-definition wide-field-of-view in-vivo cellular imaging requires micron-scale resolution in 3D. Compactness of the handheld device and distortion-free images with cellular resolution are also critically required for onsite use in clinical applications. By integrating a custom liquid lens-based microscope and a dual-axis MEMS scanner in a compact handheld probe, Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy (GD-OCM) breaks the lateral resolution limit of optical coherence tomography through depth, overcoming the tradeoff between numerical aperture and depth of focus, enabling advances in biotechnology. Furthermore, distortion-free imaging with no post-processing is achieved with a compact, lightweight handheld MEMS scanner that obtained a 12-fold reduction ...

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    3. White matter segmentation by estimating tissue optical attenuation from volumetric OCT massive histology of whole rodent brains

      White matter segmentation by estimating tissue optical attenuation from volumetric OCT massive histology of whole rodent brains

      A whole rodent brain was imaged using an automated massive histology setup and an Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) microscope. Thousands of OCT volumetric tiles were acquired, each covering a size of about 2.5x2.5x0.8 mm3 with a sampling resolution of 4.9x4.9x6.5 microns. This paper shows the techniques for reconstruction, attenuation compensation and segmentation of the sliced brains. The tile positions within the mosaic were evaluated using a displacement model of the motorized stage and pairwise coregistration. Volume blending was then performed by solving the 3D Laplace equation, and consecutive slices were assembled using the cross-correlation ...

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    4. Optical coherence microscopy with extended focus for in vivo embryonic imaging

      Optical coherence microscopy with extended focus for in vivo embryonic imaging

      Optical coherence microscopy (OCM) has unique advantages of high-resolution volumetric imaging without relying on exogenous labels or dyes. It combines the coherence-gated depth discrimination of optical coherence tomography (OCT) with the high lateral resolution of confocal microscopy, offering an excellent balance between the resolutions and imaging depth. However, as the lateral resolution becomes higher, the imaging depth of OCM decreases and its three-dimensional imaging capability is greatly degraded. To overcome this limitation, we used amplitude apodization to create quasi-Bessel beam illumination in order to extend the depth of focus. The lateral and axial resolutions of our OCM system were measured ...

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    5. Optical coherence tomography technique

      Optical coherence tomography technique

      An optical coherence tomography device comprises a light generator, a dispersive medium, an optical coupler and a detector. The light generator is adapted to generate a series of input pulses of coherent light, each input pulse having an input pulse width. The dispersive medium has an input that is optically coupled to the light generator and an output for output pulses. The dispersive medium is adapted to stretch the input pulse width to an output pulse width of each of the output pulses by chromatic dispersion. The optical coupler is adapted to couple the output pulses into a reference arm ...

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      Mentions: Henning Wisweh
    6. Measurement of dynamic cell-induced 3D displacement fields in vitro for traction force optical coherence microscopy

      Measurement of dynamic cell-induced 3D displacement fields in vitro for traction force optical coherence microscopy

      Traction force microscopy (TFM) is a method used to study the forces exerted by cells as they sense and interact with their environment. Cell forces play a role in processes that take place over a wide range of spatiotemporal scales, and so it is desirable that TFM makes use of imaging modalities that can effectively capture the dynamics associated with these processes. To date, confocal microscopy has been the imaging modality of choice to perform TFM in 3D settings, although multiple factors limit its spatiotemporal coverage. We propose traction force optical coherence microscopy (TF-OCM) as a novel technique that may ...

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    7. Articular Cartilage Surface Topography and Roughness in Frozen Tissue Samples Using Optical Coherence Microscopy

      Articular Cartilage Surface Topography and Roughness in Frozen Tissue Samples Using Optical Coherence Microscopy

      This paper describes a method to visualize the topography of the surface of cartilage. Optical Coherence Microscopy (OCM) technique has been used to get two dimensional images of frozen tissue samples of bovine articular cartilage. Optical Coherence Microscopy (OCM) is a combination of optical coherence tomography and confocal microscopy. Coherence gate from OCT and confocal gate from confocal microscopy can achieve higher resolution and deeper penetration depth. The precise three-dimensional topography of the cartilage surfaces has been obtained. The full-image roughness, for frozen samples has been obtained.

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    8. Microscope-less wide field-of-view surgical OCT visualization system

      Microscope-less wide field-of-view surgical OCT visualization system

      A surgical imaging system can comprise a light source, configured to generate an imaging light beam; a beam guidance system, configured to guide the imaging light beam from the light source; a beam scanner, configured to receive the imaging light from the beam guidance system, and to generate a scanned imaging light beam; a beam coupler, configured to redirect the scanned imaging light beam; and a wide field of view (WFOV) lens, configured to guide the redirected scanned imaging light beam into a target region of a procedure eye.

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      Mentions: Lingfeng Yu
    9. En face coherence microscopy [Invited]

      En face coherence microscopy [Invited]

      En face coherence microscopy or flying spot or full field optical coherence tomography or microscopy (FF-OCT/FF-OCM) belongs to the OCT family because the sectioning ability is mostly linked to the source coherence length. In this article we will focus our attention on the advantages and the drawbacks of the following approaches: en face versus B scan tomography in terms of resolution, coherent versus incoherent illumination and influence of aberrations, and scanning versus full field imaging. We then show some examples to illustrate the diverse applications of en face coherent microscopy and show that endogenous or exogenous contrasts can add ...

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    10. Postdoctoral Research Fellowships in In Vivo Microscopy at Massachusetts General Hosptial

      Postdoctoral Research Fellowships in In Vivo Microscopy at Massachusetts General Hosptial

      Employer Description Until recently, visualizing the architectural and cellular morphology of human tissue has required histopathological examination. Samples would be excised from the patient, processed, sectioned, stained and viewed under a microscope. In addition to being invasive, time consuming and costly, the static nature of conventional pathology prohibits the study of biological dynamics and function. The Tearney Laboratory at Massachusetts General Hospital has led the way in transforming the current diagnostic paradigm through the invention and translation of new noninvasive, high-resolution optical imaging modalities that enable disease diagnosis from living patients without excising tissues from the body. Led by Guillermo ...

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    11. Introducing 3-D OCT to live surgery

      Introducing 3-D OCT to live surgery

      No doubt the commercialization of optical coherence tomography (OCT) has forever changed the clinical management of retinal disorders. Its introduction into the surgical realm may be a game changer in its own right, said Pravin U. Dugel, MD. Modern microscopes limit the surgeon’s view, and “axial information must be inferred from instrument shadowing and other indirect cues.” 1 As advances in OCT technology have increased the ability of these devices to image ocular structures better, the category as a whole has moved into a wide variety of applications, including the ability to assess subretinal fluid, pigment epithelial detachments, and ...

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    12. Imaging Microscopic Features of Keratoconic Corneal Morphology

      Imaging Microscopic Features of Keratoconic Corneal Morphology

      Purpose: To search for gold-standard histology indicators using alternative imaging modalities in keratoconic corneas. Methods: Prospective observational case–control study. Fourteen keratoconic corneas and 20 normal corneas (10 in vivo healthy subjects and 10 ex vivo donor corneas) were examined. Images of corneas were taken by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) before keratoplasty. The same removed corneal buttons were imaged after keratoplasty with full-field optical coherence microscopy (FFOCM) and then fixed and sent for histology. Controls consisted of normal subjects imaged in vivo with IVCM and donor corneas imaged ex vivo with FFOCM ...

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    13. Using light to map the circuitry of the brain

      Using light to map the circuitry of the brain

      Lehigh University bio-engineers are first to explore the use of highly-sensitive, non-invasive optical coherence tomography (OCT) to examine neuron-to-neuron communication in live tissue. Scientific progress has provided a solid understanding of the anatomy of the brain. However, there is still no reliable way to examine neuron to neuron communication, as it happens--a key to understanding the correlation between brain structure and brain function. Chao Zhou , assistant professor of bioengineering at Lehigh University, likens our current brain-mapping ability to a Global Positioning System (GPS) that can help a user locate a city, but cannot offer a street-level view. With current imaging ...

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    14. Intracellular dynamics measurements with full field optical coherence tomography suggest hindering effect of actomyosin contractility on organelle transport

      Intracellular dynamics measurements with full field optical coherence tomography suggest hindering effect of actomyosin contractility on organelle transport

      Intracellular motion can be quantitatively monitored in tissues using coherence-gated microscopic techniques. With full-field optical coherence tomography (FFOCT), the use of high numerical aperture microscope objectives provides a high resolution mapping of intracellular dynamics that are probed with subwavelength sensitivity. In the upper temporal bandwidth that we have used (1-6 Hz) the main contribution to the dynamic signal arises from the overall dynamical, optically heterogeneous cytoplasm. We propose a method to specifically study the impact of actomyosin contractility on the intracellular dynamic signal by performing high throughput, comparative measurements of multicellular aggregates with and without blebbistatin action, a selective inhibitor ...

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    15. Method and apparatus for automated scanning probe microscopy

      Method and apparatus for automated scanning probe microscopy

      This invention concerns scanning probe microscopes and related instruments ("SPMs") when used to investigate or measure large samples whose size is a multiple of the typical operational scanning area of an SPM, say 150 .mu.m.times.150 .mu.m at most. To avoid frequent readjustments or other time-consuming human interaction and errors when focusing the SPM, a multi-step, automated method for the SPM-scanning of large samples is disclosed, comprising a "coarse", i.e. low resolution, non-SPM scanning or mapping step adapted to scan a large sample and providing an integral map of the sample, followed by a preferably mathematical ...

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    16. Optical measurement apparatus and optical measurement method

      Optical measurement apparatus and optical measurement method

      A small and inexpensive optical measurement apparatus is provided in which noise due to optical interference such as inter-layer crosstalk or speckle is suppressed. The optical measurement apparatus includes a light source to emit laser light, a high-frequency superimposing unit to superimpose a high-frequency current on a driving current to drive the light source, a light branching element to branch the laser light into signal light and reference light, an objective lens to condense and irradiate the signal light on a measurement object, a condensing position scanning unit to scan a condensing position of the signal light, a light path ...

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    17. Optical coherence photoacoustic microscopy

      Optical coherence photoacoustic microscopy

      A system and method for providing an optical coherence photoacoustic (OC-PAM) microscopy. An OC-PAM microscope includes a light source that outputs light, a scanner, a detector, a transducer, and an image processing module. The scanner receives the light and scans the light across a sample. The detector receives reflected light from the sample in response to the scanned light. The transducer detects photoacoustic waves induced in the sample by the scanned light. The image processing module receives output from the detector and the transducer and generates a photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) image and an optical coherence tomography (OCT) image based on ...

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    18. Optical Coherence Tomography for Skin Cancer

      Optical Coherence Tomography for Skin Cancer

      Skin cancer is the most common malignancy worldwide, and non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) in particular, including basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and squamous cell carcinomas, constitute around 80 percent of all skin cancers. It is estimated that approximately 3.5 million new cases of NMSC occur every year in the U.S., exceeding that of all other cancers combined. Despite the high prevalence of NMSC, they can be effectively treated and cured with low recurrence when detected at an early stage. BCCs are known to be slow growing and rarely metastasize to other parts of the body; however, if left untreated ...

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    19. Dermoscopy, confocal microscopy and optical coherence tomography for the diagnosis of bedbug infestation

      Dermoscopy, confocal microscopy and optical coherence tomography for the diagnosis of bedbug infestation

      Letter to the editor: A 33 year-old woman suffering from rosacea presented with outbreaks of itchy plaques on her face and limbs that curiously improved when she was far from home during summer holidays (Fig. 1). Dermoscopy (FotoFinder Systems GmbH, Bad Birnbach, Germany) showed petechiae (Fig. 2A) and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM; Vivascope 3000 ® , Caliber, New York, USA, distributed in Europe by MAVIG GmbH, München, Germany) showed intraepidermal vesicles (Fig. 2B) suggesting parasite bites. RCM found Demodex folliculorum (Fig. 2C) that could have been responsible for rosacea. However, a careful examination with dermoscopy identified a brown oval-shaped wingless insect ...

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      Mentions: AGFA Healthcare
    20. Velocity gradients in spatially resolved laser Doppler flowmetry and dynamic light scattering with confocal and coherence gating

      Velocity gradients in spatially resolved laser Doppler flowmetry and dynamic light scattering with confocal and coherence gating

      Dynamic light scattering (DLS) is widely used to characterize diffusive motion to obtain precise information on colloidal suspensions by calculating the autocorrelation function of the signal from a heterodyne optical system. DLS can also be used to determine the flow velocity field in systems that exhibit mass transport by incorporating the effects of the deterministic motion of scatterers on the autocorrelation function, a technique commonly known as laser Doppler flowmetry. DLS measurements can be localized with confocal and coherence gating techniques such as confocal microscopy and optical coherence tomography, thereby enabling the determination of the spatially resolved velocity field in ...

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    21. Heads up displays for optical coherence tomography integrated surgical microscopes

      Heads up displays for optical coherence tomography integrated surgical microscopes

      Surgical microscope systems are provided including an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system; an objective lens; oculars for direct viewing of a subject distal to the objective lens; a heads up display module configured to direct an optical image through the oculars to be visible to a user of at least one ocular; and a coupling element connected to the surgical microscope coupling the OCT system, the heads up display module and the objective lens. The coupling element has first and second faces, the first face positioned toward the oculars of the surgical microscope and the second face positioned toward the ...

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    1-24 of 447 1 2 3 4 ... 17 18 19 »
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