1. Articles in category: Dermatology

    1-24 of 647 1 2 3 4 ... 25 26 27 »
    1. The Use of Noninvasive Optical Coherence Tomography to Monitor the Treatment Progress of Vismodegib and Imiquimod 5% Cream in a Transplant Patient with Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Nose

      The Use of Noninvasive Optical Coherence Tomography to Monitor the Treatment Progress of Vismodegib and Imiquimod 5% Cream in a Transplant Patient with Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Nose

      Immunosuppressed transplant recipients have increased risk for the development of basal cell carcinoma skin cancers. While oral vismodegib therapy has been successful in treating locally advanced basal cell tumors, few studies document its use and efficacy in organ transplant patients. In this immunocompromised population, topical imiquimod 5% cream has been shown to be an effective and well-tolerated option for superficial and nodular basal cell carcinomas. To the authors' knowledge, no data documents the use of optical coherence tomography, a noninvasive imaging technique, to monitor progress of such combined therapies on in vivo skin. The authors report the successful treatment of ...

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    2. New fingerprinting technology will aid law enforcement

      New fingerprinting technology will aid law enforcement

      The CSIR has unveiled a new-generation fingerprint sensing technology to aid in law enforcement and forensic areas. The device, funded by the Department of Science and Technology, is the first prototype, and the next step will be to reduce its size to a hand-held gadget and prepare it for commercialisation. The system is capable of exploring the internal features of an object. Laser scientist Ann Sigh said optical coherence tomography used light to capture in 3D the finest of details from biological tissue and could be likened to ultrasound but using light. She said it was important to note that ...

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    3. Paws, print, detect, arrest

      Paws, print, detect, arrest

      South African researchers revealed a prototype fingerprint-sensing device at the CSIR in Pretoria yesterday.  The new technology, the first of its kind in Africa, will be linked to police and Home Affairs fingerprint databases. Through the use of lasers it processes fingerprints taken from crime scenes and from people in under three seconds. Researchers are now hard at work to make the device portable. It is currently the size of a big shoebox and can be fitted to a police vehicle. Co-designer Ameeth Sharman said that in the initial design the technology had been geared towards the collection of "live ...

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    4. Compact Imaging to Demonstrate Sub-dermal Fingerprint for Presentation Attack Detection At GIS2016 in Tampa

      Compact Imaging to Demonstrate Sub-dermal Fingerprint for  Presentation Attack Detection At GIS2016 in Tampa

      Compact Imaging, Inc., a Silicon Valley company developing small, low-cost optical sensors for the rapidly growing biometric security, personal health monitoring and non-destructive testing (NDT) markets, today announced that it will demonstrate its MRO™ subsurface scanning technology at the Global Identity Summit 2016 (GIS2016), Sept. 19-22, in Tampa. Compact Imaging's breakthrough MRO™ (Multiple Reference OCT) technology brings non-invasive OCT (optical coherence tomography) depth scanning to high volume field applications that require small size and low cost, such as biometric collection systems. Previously, OCT had been limited by its large size, high cost and extreme complexity in clinical and laboratory ...

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    5. Master/slave optical coherence tomography imaging of eyelid basal cell carcinoma

      Master/slave optical coherence tomography imaging of eyelid basal cell carcinoma

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is fast emerging as an additional non-interventional modality for skin tumor detection and diagnosis. A master/slave flying spot OCT configuration was assembled to detect periocular basal cell carcinomas (BCC). A swept source at 1300 nm and sweeping speed of 50 kHz were used. A three-step process was involved. First, 384 channeled spectra using a mirror were stored for 384 optical path differences at the master stage. Then, the stored channeled spectra (masks) were correlated with the channeled spectrum from the BCC tissue to produce 384 en face OCT images ( 200 × 200 pixels) for the optical ...

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    6. Classification of basal cell carcinoma in human skin using machine learning and quantitative features captured by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Classification of basal cell carcinoma in human skin using machine learning and quantitative features captured by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      We report the first fully automated detection of basal cell carcinoma (BCC), the most commonly occurring type of skin cancer, in human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). Our proposed automated procedure entails building a machine-learning based classifier by extracting image features from the two complementary image contrasts offered by PS-OCT, intensity and phase retardation (PR), and selecting a subset of features that yields a classifier with the highest accuracy. Our classifier achieved 95.4% sensitivity and specificity, validated by leave-one-patient-out cross validation (LOPOCV), in detecting BCC in human skin samples collected from 42 patients. Moreover, we show the ...

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    7. Optical Coherence Tomography for Skin Cancer

      Optical Coherence Tomography for Skin Cancer

      Skin cancer is the most common malignancy worldwide, and non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) in particular, including basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and squamous cell carcinomas, constitute around 80 percent of all skin cancers. It is estimated that approximately 3.5 million new cases of NMSC occur every year in the U.S., exceeding that of all other cancers combined. Despite the high prevalence of NMSC, they can be effectively treated and cured with low recurrence when detected at an early stage. BCCs are known to be slow growing and rarely metastasize to other parts of the body; however, if left untreated ...

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    8. Morphologic features of basal cell carcinoma using the en-face mode in frequency domain optical coherence tomography

      Morphologic features of basal cell carcinoma using the en-face mode in frequency domain optical coherence tomography

      Background Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become a valuable non-invasive tool in the in vivo diagnosis of non-melanoma skin cancer, especially of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Due to an updated software-supported algorithm, a new en-face mode – similar to the horizontal en-face mode in high-definition OCT and reflectance confocal microscopy – surface-parallel imaging is possible which, in combination with the established slice mode of frequency domain (FD-)OCT, may offer additional information in the diagnosis of BCC. Objectives To define characteristic morphologic features of BCC using the new en-face mode in addition to the conventional cross-sectional imaging mode for three-dimensional imaging of ...

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    9. Dermoscopy, confocal microscopy and optical coherence tomography for the diagnosis of bedbug infestation

      Dermoscopy, confocal microscopy and optical coherence tomography for the diagnosis of bedbug infestation

      Letter to the editor: A 33 year-old woman suffering from rosacea presented with outbreaks of itchy plaques on her face and limbs that curiously improved when she was far from home during summer holidays (Fig. 1). Dermoscopy (FotoFinder Systems GmbH, Bad Birnbach, Germany) showed petechiae (Fig. 2A) and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM; Vivascope 3000 ® , Caliber, New York, USA, distributed in Europe by MAVIG GmbH, München, Germany) showed intraepidermal vesicles (Fig. 2B) suggesting parasite bites. RCM found Demodex folliculorum (Fig. 2C) that could have been responsible for rosacea. However, a careful examination with dermoscopy identified a brown oval-shaped wingless insect ...

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      Mentions: AGFA Healthcare
    10. Diagnostic accuracy of optical coherence tomography in actinic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma

      Diagnostic accuracy of optical coherence tomography in actinic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma

      Background Early diagnosis of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is potentially possible using optical coherence tomography (OCT) which provides non-invasive, real-time images of skin with micrometre resolution and an imaging depth of up to 2 mm. OCT technology for skin imaging has undergone significant developments, improving image quality substantially. The diagnostic accuracy of any method is influenced by continuous technological development making it necessary to regularly re-evaluate methods. Objective The objective of this study is to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of OCT in basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and actinic keratosis (AK) as well as differentiating these lesions from normal skin. Methods ...

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    11. Combined multi-modal photoacoustic tomography, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography system with an articulated probe for in vivo human skin structure and vasculature imaging

      Combined multi-modal photoacoustic tomography, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography system with an articulated probe for in vivo human skin structure and vasculature imaging

      Cutaneous blood flow accounts for approximately 5% of cardiac output in human and plays a key role in a number of a physiological and pathological processes. We show for the first time a multi-modal photoacoustic tomography (PAT), optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography system with an articulated probe to extract human cutaneous vasculature in vivo in various skin regions. OCT angiography supplements the microvasculature which PAT alone is unable to provide. Co-registered volumes for vessel network is further embedded in the morphologic image provided by OCT. This multi-modal system is therefore demonstrated as a valuable tool for comprehensive non-invasive ...

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    12. Physical Sciences Incorporated Receives NIH Grant for Hand-Held RCM/OCT Probe for Skin Cancer Laser Therapy Guidance

      Physical Sciences Incorporated Receives NIH Grant for Hand-Held RCM/OCT Probe for Skin Cancer Laser Therapy Guidance

      Physical Sciences Incorporated Receives a 2016 NIH Grant for $475,423 for Hand-Held RCM/OCT Probe for Skin Cancer Laser Therapy Guidance. The principal investigator is Nicusor Iftimia. The program began in 2011 and ends in 2017. Below is a summary of the proposed work. Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI), in collaboration with Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and Caliber Imaging & Diagnostics Inc. (Caliber ID), proposes to develop a hand-held reflectance confocal microscopy - optical coherence tomography (RCM-OCT) imaging probe and clinically evaluate its potential use for guiding laser ablation therapy of BCC basal cell carcinoma (BCC). While RCM provides en ...

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    13. Study of Imaging Characteristics OCT of Skin Lesions Requiring Biopsy / Resection (OCTSKIN)

      Study of Imaging Characteristics OCT of Skin Lesions Requiring Biopsy / Resection (OCTSKIN)

      The diagnosis of cutaneous lesions often involves the use of surgical and invasive procedures such as biopsy or excision in order to analyze the structure and appearance of the fabric pathologists. With recent advances in optical and electronic fields, considerable efforts were produced to build high-performance optical instruments, able to transcribe the internal structure of the skin with varying degrees of depth and variable resolution. The imagery is now an area of great interest for medical diagnosis: non-invasive, quick, and in real time. This area is booming and new optical instruments are created to eventually be able to offer a ...

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    14. High-definition optical coherence tomography: Contribution to the non-invasive near infrared optical imaging techniques of the skin (Thesis)

      High-definition optical coherence tomography: Contribution to the non-invasive near infrared optical imaging techniques of the skin (Thesis)

      Background. The development of non-invasive imaging techniques has been stimulated by the shortcomings of histopathology. Currently the only valid diagnostic technique in dermatology is skin biopsy which remains a painful, invasive intervention for the patient. Moreover, this approach is not always convenient for monitoring and follow-up of a skin disease. Optical imaging technologies could solve these shortcomings as they are fast, precise, repeatable and painless. There are four established non-invasive skin imaging techniques used in daily practice: dermoscopy, high-frequency ultrasound, reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) and conventional optical coherence tomography (C-OCT). In imaging there is a trade-off between resolution and penetration ...

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    15. Ethyl cellulose nanocarriers and nanocrystals differentially deliver dexamethasone into intact, tape-stripped or sodium lauryl sulfate-exposed ex vivo human skin - assessment by intradermal microdialysis and extraction from the different skin layers

      Ethyl cellulose nanocarriers and nanocrystals differentially deliver dexamethasone into intact, tape-stripped or sodium lauryl sulfate-exposed ex vivo human skin - assessment by intradermal microdialysis and extraction from the different skin layers

      Understanding penetration not only in intact, but also in lesional skin with impaired skin barrier function is important, in order to explore the surplus value of nanoparticle-based drug delivery for anti-inflammatory dermatotherapy. Herein, short-term ex vivo cultures of (i) intact human skin, (ii) skin pretreated with tape-strippings and (iii) skin pre-exposed to sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) were used to assess the penetration of dexamethasone (Dex). Intradermal microdialysis was utilized for up to 24 h after drug application as commercial cream, nanocrystals or ethyl cellulose nanocarriers applied at the therapeutic concentration of 0.05%, respectively. In addition, Dex was assessed in ...

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    16. Apparatus and method for capturing a vital vascular fingerprint

      Apparatus and method for capturing a vital vascular fingerprint

      A method using optical coherence tomography to capture the microvascular network of the superficial layer of the finger skin for the purpose of fingerprint authentication and liveness detection. At the dermal papilla region, the vascular pattern follows the same pattern of the fingerprint and this vascular pattern forms a live vascular fingerprint. This live vascular fingerprint provides for ultrahigh security and a unique way for fingerprint-based personal verification. Because the system is based on blood flow, which only exists in a living person, the technique is robust against spoof attaching. After performing non-contact in-vivo imaging of a human fingertip, a ...

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    17. Dynamic Optical Coherence Tomography Capillaroscopy A New Imaging Tool in Autoimmune Connective Tissue Disease

      Dynamic Optical Coherence Tomography Capillaroscopy A New Imaging Tool in Autoimmune Connective Tissue Disease

      Importance Vasculopathy characterized by functional and structural abnormalities of the microcirculation plays an important role in systemic sclerosis and dermatomyositis. Although there are several advantages in using capillaroscopy, the method does not offer insight on the skin architecture, flow status, or morphology of the deeper dermal vessels. Dynamic optical coherence tomography (D-OCT) is a recently developed OCT technique that enables detection of high-speed changes in back-scattered light caused by moving cells in vessels. The high resolution of OCT enables the detection of the papillary loops. Objective To explore the potential for OCT capillaroscopy of the nailfolds using D-OCT. Design, Setting ...

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    18. OCT Technology Improves Diagnosis of Skin Cancer

      OCT Technology Improves Diagnosis of Skin Cancer

      As part of an ongoing series of occasional article on cancer prevention, Dr. Markowitz from The Mount Sinai Hospital discusses skin cancer and the use Optical Coherence Tomography in skin cancer diagnosis and treatment. MedicalResearch.com: How common is the problem of non-melanoma skin cancer? Are they difficult to detect and treat? Dr. Markowitz: Skin cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States. Non melanoma skin cancers, including basal cell carcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas, are the most common malignancies of the skin, constituting around 80 percent of all skin cancers. The annual cost of treating skin ...

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      Mentions: Orit Markowitz
    19. In vivo measurement of skin surface strain and sub-surface layer deformation induced by natural tissue stretching

      In vivo measurement of skin surface strain and sub-surface layer deformation induced by natural tissue stretching

      Stratum corneum and epidermal layers change in terms of thickness and roughness with gender, age and anatomical site. Knowledge of the mechanical and tribological properties of skin associated with these structural changes are needed to aid in the design of exoskeletons, prostheses, orthotics, body mounted sensors used for kinematics measurements and in optimum use of wearable on-body devices. In this case study, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and digital image correlation (DIC) were combined to determine skin surface strain and sub-surface deformation behaviour of the volar forearm due to natural tissue stretching. The thickness of the epidermis together with geometry changes ...

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    20. A new algorithm for the discrimination of actinic keratosis from normal skin and squamous cell carcinoma based on in vivo analysis of optical properties by high-definition optical coherence tomography

      A new algorithm for the discrimination of actinic keratosis from normal skin and squamous cell carcinoma based on in vivo analysis of optical properties by high-definition optical coherence tomography

      Background High-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT) features of actinic keratosis (AK) may aid in its diagnosis and therapeutic strategy. A diagnostic algorithm permitting discrimination of AK from squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and normal skin has been proposed. However, diagnostic accuracy strongly depends on the experience of physicians. In two recent studies, it was demonstrated that HD-OCT permits to quantify in vivo optical properties such as light attenuation in intrinsic ageing skin, in melanocytic lesions and in basal cell carcinoma. This approach seems to permit a semiautomated classification of lesions easier to handle by non-experts. Objectives The aim of this paper ...

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    21. Assessment of edema volume in skin upon injury in a mouse ear model with optical coherence tomography

      Assessment of edema volume in skin upon injury in a mouse ear model with optical coherence tomography

      Accurate measurement of edema volume is essential for the investigation of tissue response and recovery following a traumatic injury. The measurements must be noninvasive and repetitive over time so as to monitor tissue response throughout the healing process. Such techniques are particularly necessary for the evaluation of therapeutics that are currently in development to suppress or prevent edema formation. In this study, we propose to use optical coherence tomography (OCT) technique to image and quantify edema in a mouse ear model where the injury is induced by a superficial-thickness burn. Extraction of edema volume is achieved by an attenuation compensation ...

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    22. Utilization of Optical Coherence Tomography in the Evaluation of Cherry Hemangiomas

      Utilization of Optical Coherence Tomography in the Evaluation of Cherry Hemangiomas

      Cherry hemangiomas are common vascular proliferative lesions that can be concerning from a cosmetic perspective. Laser therapy is often used to eradicate cherry hemangiomas, but some lesions require multiple treatments or do not resolve at all. The suboptimal response to laser treatment may be due to limitations in penetration depth by vascular lasers such as the pulsed dye laser. Optical coherence tomography is a low-energy, light-based imaging device that can evaluate the depth and extent of vascular lesions such as cherry hemangiomas by allowing visualization of tissue structure and blood vessel architecture, which cannot be appreciated by clinical or dermatoscopic ...

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    1-24 of 647 1 2 3 4 ... 25 26 27 »
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