1. Articles in category: Neurology

    25-48 of 708 « 1 2 3 4 5 ... 28 29 30 »
    1. OCT Angiography and NRAI in Dementia

      OCT Angiography and NRAI in Dementia

      Optical coherence tomography is a non-invasive imaging technology that provides cross-sectional images of tissues in micron-scale resolution. The angiography component of this device allows for evaluation of blood vessel and blood flow changes in the eye. The RTVue-XR device with AngioVue software will be used to detect these blood vessel and flow changes as well as protein deposits in the retinal layers. Subjects will take oral curcumin supplements to hyperfluoresce and improve detection of the amyloid proteins within the retinal layers.

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    2. Quantification of cerebral vascular perfusion density via optical coherence tomography based on locally adaptive regional growth

      Quantification of cerebral vascular perfusion density via optical coherence tomography based on locally adaptive regional growth

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography is a noninvasive imaging modality that produces volumetric views of blood flow perfusion in vivo with resolution at capillary level, which has been widely adopted to monitor cerebral perfusion status after stroke in experimental settings. Accurate quantification of cerebral perfusion from OCT angiograms is important for understanding the cerebral vascular pathophysiology and assessing the treatment of ischemic stroke. Quantification of blood vessels from OCT angiography faces some problems; one is uneven backscatter (which causes some blood vessels to be very bright, some very dark), and the other is that the brightness in the same blood ...

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      Mentions: Yi Wang
    3. Optical coherence tomography for intracranial aneurysms: a new method for assessing the aneurysm structure

      Optical coherence tomography for intracranial aneurysms: a new method for assessing the aneurysm structure

      Background There is a lack of precise methods for predicting the risk of aneurysm rupture. Therefore, prophylactic treatment is used, which leads to unnecessary potential complications. A new modality enabling a more accurate risk assessment is needed. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a new-generation imaging technology that has astonishing resolution for vascular imaging. In this study, OCT was used for the evaluation of intracranial aneurysms. Methods In vivo OCT imaging was performed for aneurysms induced in 6 rabbits and in 9 intracranial aneurysm patients. Catheters were cut short to prevent any extra length from damaging aneurysms and tissues. Images of ...

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      Mentions: Fudan University
    4. Optical Coherence Tomography in Disorders of the Central Nervous System

      Optical Coherence Tomography in Disorders of the Central Nervous System

      Retinal changes and visual symptoms are present in several inflammatory, degenerative and tumorous disorders of the central nervous system (CNS). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a method that can be used in clinical practice to detect and quantify the structural correlates of these visual symptoms in neurological disorders. OCT is a non-invasive imaging technique, based on interferometry, which can create high-resolution images of the retina and measure the thickness and volume of the different retinal layers. The combined ganglion cell- and inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) and the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (pRNFL) are of particular interest in the field ...

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    5. Color vision testing versus pattern visual evoked potentials and optical coherence tomography parameters in subclinical optic nerve involvement in multiple sclerosis

      Color vision testing versus pattern visual evoked potentials and optical coherence tomography parameters in subclinical optic nerve involvement in multiple sclerosis

      Acute idiopathic demyelinating optic neuritis is frequently the initial manifestation of multiple sclerosis (MS). We aimed to discuss the value of color vision testing to detect possible optic nerve involvement in patients with MS who had no history of optic neuritis. We evaluated color vision with Farnsworth-Munsell 100 (FM-100) hue test. Total error scores (TES), partial error scores for the red-green axis (RGS) and blue-yellow axis (BYS) were calculated. Topographic optic disc parameters (RNFL, RA, DA, CV, RV, and vertical C/D ratio), total macular volume (TMV), central macular thickness (CMT), and retinal ganglion cell layer (RGCL) were determined using ...

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    6. Ability of Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography to Detect Retinal and Choroidal Changes in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

      Ability of Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography to Detect Retinal and Choroidal Changes in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

      Purpose . To evaluate the ability of new swept-source (SS) optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology to detect changes in retinal and choroidal thickness in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods . A total of 101 healthy and 97 MS eyes underwent retinal and choroidal assessment using SS Triton OCT (Topcon). Macular thickness and peripapillary data (retinal, ganglion cell layer (GCL+, GCL++) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness) were analyzed, including choroidal thickness evaluation. Results . Significant macular thinning was observed in all ETDRS areas ( ) in MS patients. Peripapillary retinal, RNFL, and GCL ++ thickness showed a significant reduction in patients in all sectors ...

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    7. The role of optical coherence tomography in the evaluation of compressive optic neuropathies

      The role of optical coherence tomography in the evaluation of compressive optic neuropathies

      Purpose of review Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive imaging tool routinely used in ophthalmology that provides cross-sectional images of the retina. Compression of the anterior visual pathways results in progressive thinning of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular ganglion cell complex (GCC) and this review will highlight the utility of OCT in evaluating patients with this condition. Recent findings The RNFL and macular GCC have been found to highly correlate with visual function in patients with compressive optic neuropathies. Preoperative RNFL and macular GCC thickness have emerged as the most reliable and consistent prognostic factors for ...

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    8. Optical Coherence Tomography and Corpus Callosum Index in Cognitive Assessment of Multiple Sclerosis Patients

      Optical Coherence Tomography and Corpus Callosum Index in Cognitive Assessment of Multiple Sclerosis Patients

      Background: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative disease of central nervous system. Different approaches have been developed to study MS progression and cognitive dysfunction as the major symptom of the disease. The current study compared Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Corpus Callosum Index (CCI) for the early evaluation of cognitive dysfunction in MS patients. Objectives: The aim of this study is to compare OCT with CCI in early evaluation of cognitive dysfunction in MS patients. Materials & Methods: In this study, a total number of 30 patients with relapsing-remitting MS referring to outpatient clinic of Shafa Hospital (Kerman, Iran) were selected ...

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    9. The International Multiple Sclerosis Visual System Consortium: Advancing Visual System Research in Multiple Sclerosis

      The International Multiple Sclerosis Visual System Consortium: Advancing Visual System Research in Multiple Sclerosis

      Background: The International Multiple Sclerosis Visual System Consortium (IMSVISUAL) was formed in November 2014 with the primary goal of improving research, care, and education regarding the role of the visual system in multiple sclerosis (MS) and related disorders. Methods: In this review, we describe the formation, goals, activities, and structure of IMSVISUAL, as well as the relationship of IMSVISUAL with the Americas Committee for Treatment and Research in MS (ACTRIMS). Finally, we provide an overview of the work IMSVISUAL has completed to date, as well as an outline of research projects ongoing under the auspices of IMSVISUAL. Results: IMSVISUAL has ...

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    10. Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography in Different Clinical Subtypes of Multiple Sclerosis

      Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography in Different Clinical Subtypes of Multiple Sclerosis

      Background Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS) with axonal degeneration as major determinant of neurological disability. Assessment of unmyelinated retinal nerve fibers using optical coherence tomography (OCT) may be useful for diagnosing the onset and rate of progression of neurodegeneration. Objective To assess the incidence and severity of damage of the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in two different MS subtypes: non-progressive [Prog(-)MS] and progressive [Prog(+)MS]. Methods 48 patients (96 eyes) with MS were included: 13 males, 35 females; aged 22-62 years (mean 38.8; SD ±10 ...

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    11. Fully automated dual-resolution serial optical coherence tomography aimed at diffusion MRI validation in whole mouse brains

      Fully automated dual-resolution serial optical coherence tomography aimed at diffusion MRI validation in whole mouse brains

      An automated dual-resolution serial optical coherence tomography (2R-SOCT) scanner is developed. The serial histology system combines a low-resolution (25  μm  /  voxel) 3  ×   OCT with a high-resolution (1.5  μm  /  voxel) 40  ×   OCT to acquire whole mouse brains at low resolution and to target specific regions of interest (ROIs) at high resolution. The 40  ×   ROIs positions are selected either manually by the microscope operator or using an automated ROI positioning selection algorithm. Additionally, a multimodal and multiresolution registration pipeline is developed in order to align the 2R-SOCT data onto diffusion MRI (dMRI) data acquired in the same ex vivo mouse brains ...

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    12. Feasibility Assessment of Optical Coherence Tomography-Guided Laser Labeling in Middle Cranial Fossa Approach

      Feasibility Assessment of Optical Coherence Tomography-Guided Laser Labeling in Middle Cranial Fossa Approach

      Introduction: Different approaches have been developed to find the position of the internal auditory canal (IAC) in middle cranial fossa approach. A feasibility study was performed to investigate the combination of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and laser ablation to assist a surgeon in a middle cranial fossa approach by outlining the internal auditory canal (IAC). Materials and Methods: A combined OCT laser setup was used to outline the position of IAC on the surface of the petrous bone in cadaveric semi-heads. The position of the hidden structures, such as IAC, was determined in MATLAB software ...

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    13. Optical coherence tomography features in brothers with aspartylglucosaminuria

      Optical coherence tomography features in brothers with aspartylglucosaminuria

      Aspartylglucosaminuria is a lysosomal storage disorder enriched in Finland. We report on a pair of non‐Finnish siblings with aspartylglucosaminuria with autofluorescent inclusion bodies on optical coherence tomography, a finding not previously reported in this disorder. We performed a record review, neurological and neuropsychological evaluation, brain MRI, and optical coherence tomography for each patient. They are compound heterozygous for a 34‐kb deletion and a c.365C>A novel variant of the AGA gene. Autofluorescent inclusion bodies were found on optical coherence tomography in the older, more severely affected brother. We hypothesize the finding represents a noninvasive biomarker of disease ...

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    14. Ability of swept source OCT to detect retinal changes in patients with bipolar disorder

      Ability of swept source OCT to detect retinal changes in patients with bipolar disorder

      Purpose To evaluate the ability of swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) to detect retinal changes in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). Methods Twenty-three patients with BD and 23 controls underwent retinal evaluation using SS deep range imaging (DRI) Triton OCT. Full retinal thickness, the ganglion cell layer (GCL), the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and choroidal thickness were evaluated with automated segmentation software. Results Patients with BD were shown to have significant thinning of the macular full retinal thickness in the center ( p  = 0.049), inner temporal ( p  = 0.045), inner nasal ( p  = 0.016), and inner inferior ( p ...

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    15. Evidence Mounts That an Eye Scan May Detect Early Alzheimer's Disease

      Evidence Mounts That an Eye Scan May Detect Early Alzheimer's Disease

      Results from two studies show that a new, non-invasive imaging device can see signs of Alzheimer's disease in a matter of seconds. The researchers show that the small blood vessels in the retina at the back of the eye are altered in patients with Alzheimer's. Even patients who have a family history of Alzheimer's but have no symptoms show these telltale signs. And they showed that they can distinguish between people with Alzheimer's and those with only mild cognitive impairment. Results from these studies are being presented at AAO 2018, the 122 nd Annual Meeting of ...

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      Mentions: Duke University
    16. Multiple sclerosis: is it all black and white in optical coherence tomography?

      Multiple sclerosis: is it all black and white in optical coherence tomography?

      This scientific commentary refers to ‘Brain and retinal atrophy in African-Americans versus Caucasian-Americans with multiple sclerosis: a longitudinal study’, by Gonzalez Caldito et al. (doi: 10.1093/brain/awy245 ). ... Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the CNS. Histopathologically, degenerative processes have also been identified early in the disease course and independent of the demyelinating white matter disease. MRI of brain atrophy is currently the gold standard to assess neurodegeneration in vivo . However, longitudinal MRI of brain atrophy is difficult at the individual level owing to great interscan variability. Thus, alternative proxies for neurodegenerative processes that can predict future ...

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    17. Colocalization of neurons in optical coherence microscopy and Nissl-stained histology in Brodmann’s area 32 and area 21

      Colocalization of neurons in optical coherence microscopy and Nissl-stained histology in Brodmann’s area 32 and area 21

      Optical coherence tomography is an optical technique that uses backscattered light to highlight intrinsic structure, and when applied to brain tissue, it can resolve cortical layers and fiber bundles. Optical coherence microscopy (OCM) is higher resolution (i.e., 1.25 µm) and is capable of detecting neurons. In a previous report, we compared the correspondence of OCM acquired imaging of neurons with traditional Nissl stained histology in entorhinal cortex layer II. In the current method-oriented study, we aimed to determine the colocalization success rate between OCM and Nissl in other brain cortical areas with different laminar arrangements and cell packing ...

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    18. Topcon's Harmony imaging platform users in Europe now have access to IDx-DR

      Topcon's Harmony imaging platform users in Europe now have access to IDx-DR

      Topcon Healthcare Solutions (THS) announced today that it has partnered with IDx, a privately held AI diagnostics company, to expand the Harmony imaging platform to include IDx-DR, a state-of-the art AI system that detects diabetic retinopathy in digital fundus images, for its European customers. IDx-DR is the first AI-based diagnostic system with U.S. FDA clearance and a Class IIa CE mark for the autonomous detection of diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes and a leading cause of blindness. In addition to being available as a stand-alone image-analysis solution, IDx-DR is now accessible in Europe via Topcon Harmony , THS’ solution ...

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    19. Multimodal Ocular Imaging in Neurodegeneration

      Multimodal Ocular Imaging in Neurodegeneration

      Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are two of the most common types of age-related neurodegenerative disorders. Identifying at-risk patients and gauging disease progression in a non-invasive manner would be invaluable. Early and correct diagnosis is crucial for coordinating supportive care, patient expectations, caregiver arrangements and family planning. In addition, as treatments become available, beginning therapy early in the disease before symptoms become severe will be important. Multimodal ocular imaging (MOI) includes an ophthalmic (eye) exam and eye photographs to evaluate different layers of the retina, which is the light sensing layer of the eye. Newer technologies make ...

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    20. Optical coherence tomography of spontaneous basilar artery dissection in a patient with acute ischemic stroke

      Optical coherence tomography of spontaneous basilar artery dissection in a patient with acute ischemic stroke

      The diagnosis of intracranial arterial dissection (IAD) may be challenging and multimodal imaging techniques are often needed to confirm the diagnosis. Previous studies have based their criteria for diagnosis of IAD on conventional angiography, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. We report a case with acute ischemic stroke due to spontaneous basilar artery dissection in which intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to show features of IAD. A 59-year-old woman presented with symptoms of acute ischemic stroke. Thrombosis related to basilar artery (BA) stenosis was assumed on conventional angiography; however, no clot was retrieved after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) and ...

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    21. Monitoring Acute Stroke in Mouse Model Using Laser Speckle Imaging-Guided Visible-Light Optical Coherence Tomography

      Monitoring Acute Stroke in Mouse Model Using Laser Speckle Imaging-Guided Visible-Light Optical Coherence Tomography

      Objective: Monitoring hemodynamic and vascular changes in the acute stages of mouse stroke models is invaluable in studying ischemic stroke pathophysiology. However, there lacks a tool to simultaneously and dynamically investigate these changes. Methods: We integrated laser speckle imaging (LSI) and visible-light optical coherence tomography (Vis-OCT) to reveal dynamic vascular responses in acute stages in the distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (dMCAO) model in rodents. LSI provides full-field, real-time imaging to guide Vis-OCT imaging and monitor the dynamic cerebral blood flow (CBF). Vis-OCT offers depth-resolved angiography and oxygen saturation (sO 2 ) measurements. Results: Our results showed detailed CBF and vasculature ...

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    25-48 of 708 « 1 2 3 4 5 ... 28 29 30 »
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