1. Articles in category: Textbooks

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    1. Optical Coherence Tomography (Book Chapter)

      Optical Coherence Tomography (Book Chapter)

      OCT is an interferometry based three-dimensional imaging modality that can be used on scattering media, including several types of body tissues. It provides physicians with in-situ image data in micrometer resolution within seconds. OCT’s working principle is similar to ultrasound but uses light instead of sound waves and is also free of potentially harmful ionizing radiation while being non-invasive. OCT in ophthalmology (the branch of medicine concerned with the eyes) has been pioneered by David Huang, Eric Swanson, and James G. Fujimoto and has since become a standard modality and is widely used by clinicians on a daily basis ...

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    2. Role of Intravascular Imaging in Primary PCI (Book Chapter)

      Role of Intravascular Imaging in Primary PCI (Book Chapter)

      Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is always targeted on the angiographically identified culprit lesion. However, the actual culprit lesion may not compromise the lumen and can be located proximally or distally to the angiographic target lesion. As a result, the risk of incomplete lesion coverage can be high when the PPCI is guided solely by angiography. Furthermore, stent implantation must be optimized, as incomplete apposition and/or edge dissection may result in in-stent restenosis or acute thrombotic events. Thus, invasive coronary imaging using intravascular ultrasound or optical coherence tomography can be useful to guide the PPCI procedure by locating the ...

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    3. Anatomy of the Eye and Orbit—The Clinical Essentials (Textbook)

      Anatomy of the Eye and Orbit—The Clinical Essentials (Textbook)

      Master the Clinical Essentials of ocular and orbital anatomy for clinical practice! The eye is an organ of great complexity. Anatomy of the Eye and Orbit: The Clinical Essentials achieves the impressive task of presenting ophthalmology residents, optometry residents, and optometry students with the clinical essentials of ocular anatomy as a foundation for patient care. It emphasizes the aspects of eye and orbit anatomy that are most relevant to clinicians in training, providing the practical, real-world foundation necessary for practice. Focus on the clinically relevant information you really need to know about all ocular structures and tissues. View anatomy from ...

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    4. Pigmented Lesions: Biopsy Methods and Emerging Non-invasive Imaging Techniques (Book Chapter)

      Pigmented Lesions: Biopsy Methods and Emerging Non-invasive Imaging Techniques (Book Chapter)

      Melanoma incidence has been increasing in the US population, with early detection and treatment leading to decreased morbidity and mortality. The first steps in diagnosis are clinical examination and skin biopsy. Various methods of skin biopsy exist and the appropriate choice can be challenging. In this chapter, we review various biopsy techniques including excisional, scoop (saucerization), incisional or punch, shave, biopsy of special sites, and emerging noninvasive imaging techniques for pigmented lesions including reflectance confocal microscopy, optical coherence tomography, digital multispectral dermoscopy, and tape stripping mRNA.

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    5. Multimodality Imaging to Detect Vulnerable Plaque in Coronary Arteries and Its Clinical Application (Book Chapter)

      Multimodality Imaging to Detect Vulnerable Plaque in Coronary Arteries and Its Clinical Application (Book Chapter)

      Postmortem studies have described the association between the thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) and the occurrence of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Both noninvasive and invasive techniques have been refined and used as a research tool to visualize the plaque at a high risk of disruption. There has been a considerable effort to develop the imaging modalities that offer detailed visualization of coronary pathology and accurately predict the adverse cardiac outcomes. This chapter provides an overview of the current and experimental coronary imaging methods to detect vulnerable plaque and discuss the potential implication of multimodality imaging in clinical practice.

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    6. Optical Coherence Tomography for Brain Imaging (Book Chapter)

      Optical Coherence Tomography for Brain Imaging (Book Chapter)

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging technique based on the detection of light back-reflected or backscattered by tissue. Based on the principles of low-coherence interferometry, OCT provides rapid volumetric imaging with micrometer-scale resolution. OCT has been massively successful in ophthalmology where it became a routine tool for retinal diagnostics. In recent years, however, OCT has also been applied to other fields including—amongst others—cardiovascular imaging, endoscopy of the gastrointestinal tract, and neuroimaging. In the brain and other neural tissues, OCT provides contrast for tissue microstructures and enables noninvasive in vivo and in vitro imaging with high resolution. Novel ...

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      Mentions: Bernhard Baumann
    7. Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography A Color Atlas (Textbook)

      Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography A Color Atlas  (Textbook)

      This book is written for retinal specialists and clinicians with a special interest in retinal diseases. It presents a collection of images and brief annotations of the microstructures of both the normal and diseased eye captured on swept source optical coherence tomography. The swept-source OCT is a relatively new form of imaging and is able to capture structures and details which previous generations of OCT machines cannot. This type of imaging represents the forefront in ocular imaging.

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    8. Coronary Stent Thrombosis (Book Chapter)

      Coronary Stent Thrombosis (Book Chapter)

      Stent thrombosis is a rare complication of percutaneous coronary intervention and carries a poor prognosis. Recent improvements in stent technology and new antiplatelet therapies have reduced the incidence of stent thrombosis. Coronary stent thrombosis has been defined by the Academic Research Consortium criteria. Four types of thrombosis are defined according to the time of occurrence from stent implantation: acute (<24 h), subacute (<30 days), late (between 1 month and 1 year), and very late (>1 year). Management consists primarily of urgent restoration of antegrade coronary flow. The concurrent management of platelet aggregation is of paramount importance; compliance with the regimen ...

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    9. Handbook of 3D Machine Vision: Optical Metrology and Imaging (Textbook)

      Handbook of 3D Machine Vision: Optical Metrology and Imaging (Textbook)

      With the ongoing release of 3D movies and the emergence of 3D TVs, 3D imaging technologies have penetrated our daily lives. Yet choosing from the numerous 3D vision methods available can be frustrating for scientists and engineers, especially without a comprehensive resource to consult. Filling this gap, Handbook of 3D Machine Vision: Optical Metrology and Imaging gives an extensive, in-depth look at the most popular 3D imaging techniques. It focuses on noninvasive, noncontact optical methods (optical metrology and imaging). The handbook begins with the well-studied method of stereo vision and explains how random speckle patterns or space-time varying patterns substantially ...

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    10. Atlas of Ocular Optical Coherence Tomography (Textbook)

      Atlas of Ocular Optical Coherence Tomography (Textbook)

      (1) Basics and principles of optical coherence tomography (OCT), which briefly discuss the mechanisms and operation of OCT systems and a comparison of old and new systems (time domain vs. spectral domain) and their reproducibility. It concisely explains the swept-source OCT mechanism and OCT angiography as well. (2) Normal OCT, which describes normal findings and variations that are expected on normal OCT images, and the layers of the normal retina and in different parts of the posterior segment. (3) Enhanced-depth imaging (EDI)-OCT and its applications and indications in various diseases such as choroidal tumors, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy ...

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    11. Lacrimal Pathologies and Optical Coherence Tomography (Book Chapter)

      Lacrimal Pathologies and Optical Coherence Tomography (Book Chapter)

      Ocular coherence tomography is being increasingly utilized to study disorders of the proximal lacrimal drainage system [1–5]. OCT can be useful for diagnosis and monitoring treatments for numerous conditions like the punctal stenosis, punctal agenesis, incomplete punctal canalization, punctal keratinizing cyst, and canaliculus. Typical FD-OCT features described for IPC include a hyper-reflective membrane covering the punctal surface with distinctly identifiable and normal lumen of the vertical canaliculus beneath. Membranotomy is the preferred modality of managing IPC with very high success rates where normal appearing wide punctum can be seen on OCT. Punctal stenosis is characterized by near total or ...

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    12. Normal Lacrimal Optical Coherence Tomography (Book Chapter)

      Normal Lacrimal Optical Coherence Tomography (Book Chapter)

      Ocular coherence tomography is rapidly gaining foothold as an important imaging modality for the punctum and vertical canaliculus. It works on the principle of low coherence interferometry. The technique involves positioning the patient with their chin on the OCT chin rest and their forehead against the upper support. With the eyes open, the lower eyelid margin is gently everted using a cotton bud placed below the punctum just enough to get the punctum into a plane perpendicular to the light source. The long axis of scan is aligned approximately parallel to the lid margin, and line scan is captured. A ...

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    13. Multimodal Imaging in Uveitis (Textbook)

      Multimodal Imaging in Uveitis (Textbook)

      This book is a comprehensive guide to the imaging techniques that have revolutionized the diagnosis and management of uveitis during the past decade, including optical coherence tomography (OCT), enhanced depth imaging, fundus autofluorescence, and wide-field angiography. In addition, the current role of the traditional (invasive) gold standard techniques, fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography, is described. Among the newer imaging modalities, detailed attention is paid to the various OCT technologies such as spectral domain OCT, enhanced-depth imaging OCT, and enface swept-source OCT. Further individual chapters focus on imaging using adaptive optics, multiview OCT, and OCT angiography. Uveitis can affect virtually ...

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    14. Optical Coherence Tomography in Macular Diseases and Glaucoma - Basic Knowledge (Textbook)

      Optical Coherence Tomography in Macular Diseases and Glaucoma - Basic Knowledge (Textbook)

      OCT has shed a discerning light on conditions related to vitreo-retinal interface such as vitreo-macular traction and macular holes. Another significant use of OCT is in its ability to enhance long follow ups of various retinal conditions in a quantitative and non -invasive manner. OCT images contain much information on the retina structure and have an important role in the evaluation of the disease progression and the response to therapy.

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    15. Early Cancer Detection (Book Chapter)

      Early Cancer Detection (Book Chapter)

      Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide as the majority of patient shave advanced disease at diagnosis.  Detection and early treatment of pre-invasive and minimally invasive lung cancer can significantly improve the current 5-year survival of <18%,  Endoscopic optical imaging (such as autoflourescence imaging), NBI, and OCT provide sensitive means to rapidly scan the central airways , in order to detect early lung cancer for biopsy confirmation and delineation of the extent of the tumor spread to guide treatment.

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    16. Inspection of the Human Retina by Optical Coherence Tomography (Book Chapter)

      Inspection of the Human Retina by Optical Coherence Tomography (Book Chapter)

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-resolution, three-dimensional, noninvasive imaging modality to examine the human retina. Since the introduction of spectral domain (SD-) OCT—the currently most used variant of OCT—previously unknown details of in vivo retinal morphology of a broad variety of pathologies have become visible. This chapter explains the basic principles of the OCT technology, deals with possible pitfalls in OCT examination or analysis, and hints at the use of OCT technology in functional imaging.

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    17. Optical Coherence Tomography: A Review (Book Chapter)

      Optical Coherence Tomography: A Review (Book Chapter)

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT), with polarization-sensitive (PS), Doppler, and autofluorescence (AF) capabilities, is emerging as a promising bronchoscopic diagnostic tool. In the upper and central airways, it allows accurate real-time airway measurements to assist bronchoscopic assessment of obstructive sleep apnea, severity of tracheomalacia, airway stenosis, or extent of tumor involvement into the bronchial wall or distally beyond the bronchoscopic view. OCT can visualize cellular and extracellular structures at and below the tissue surface with near histologic resolution as well as to provide three-dimensional imaging of the airways. Blood vessels in the bronchial wall or peribronchial space can be displayed using ...

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    18. Coronary Imaging and Physiology (Textbook)

      Coronary Imaging and Physiology (Textbook)

      Although the guideline of the European Society of Cardiology has recommended that optical coherence tomography (OCT) may be considered in selected patients during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) [1], data regarding OCT guidance are limited (Table 14.1). In this chapter, clinical evidences and benefits of OCT-guided PCI will be discussed. This book is intended as a guide for all cardiologists who are interested in coronary imaging and physiology, a sound understanding of which is vital for the optimal performance of appropriate coronary interventions. The basics of each relevant modality are presented, with clear explanation of clinical utility and evaluation of ...

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    19. OCT Made Easy (Textbook)

      OCT Made Easy (Textbook)

      This book, written by premier authors in the field of OCT intravascular imaging, covers the best practices for using OCT to provide high resolution cross-sectional viewing for atherosclerotic plaque assessment, stent strut coverage and apposition, assessment in stent restenosis evaluation, and PCI guide and optimization. Fully illustrated thorughout in a handy, cath-lab side handbook supplemented by online movie clips, OCT Made Easy includes case studies, angiography, CT correlations, and simple techniques for getting the best image.

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    20. OCT Angiography (Textbook)

      OCT Angiography (Textbook)

      OCT Angiography by David R. Chow and a cadre of renowned authors is an authoritative, richly illustrated guide on a groundbreaking new ophthalmic imaging technique. Optical coherence tomography angiography is revolutionizing ophthalmologic diagnosis and management of retinal disease. The technology is transforming the ocular disease diagnostic paradigm - from the retina to the choroid - enabling precision-tailored patient management. Noninvasive and more sophisticated than fluorescein angiography, OCTA obviates the need for dye and yields an unprecedented level of detail. The layered visualization of the retina and choroid vasculature delivers greater understanding of retinal disease. From sight-robbing eye diseases affecting millions such as ...

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    21. Atlas of Coronary Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography (Textbook)

      Atlas of Coronary Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography (Textbook)

      This atlas is a practical and fully illustrated guide to the use of intravascular OCT in diagnosis and treatment of coronary artery disease. It consists of two parts. The first part of the book provides a systematic introduction to coronary imaging with OCT. It describes how to interpret images and describes abnormal findings seen in atherosclerosis, complications after intervention, and stent assessment. The second part of the book presents real-life case studies that show how OCT is used in clinical practice in Mount Sinai to assess the disease, select appropriate treatment, and evaluate complications and results. Each case includes a ...

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    22. Swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography : A Color Atlas (Textbook)

      Swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography : A Color Atlas (Textbook)

      This book is written for retinal specialists and clinicians with a special interest in retinal diseases. It presents a collection of images and brief annotations of the microstructures of both the normal and diseased eye captured on swept source optical coherence tomography. The swept-source OCT is a relatively new form of imaging and is able to capture structures and details which previous generations of OCT machines cannot. This type of imaging represents the forefront in ocular imaging.

      Read Full Article
    23. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of the Eye (Textbook)

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of the Eye (Textbook)

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography is an important new imaging modality that is already being used by ophthalmologists in retina centers worldwide. It uses motion as intrinsic contrast, thus obviating the need to inject any intravenous dye. It uses infrared light that is invisible to the patient, and only requires few seconds per scan. This makes it both easier to use and much better tolerated by patients than traditional dye-based fluorescein angiography (FA) and indocyanine green (ICG) angiography. Inside Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of the Eye Drs. David Huang, Bruno Lumbroso, Yali Jia, and Nadia Waheed include detailed information on ...

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    24. Atlas of Retinal OCT: Optical Coherence Tomography (Textbook)

      Atlas of Retinal OCT: Optical Coherence Tomography (Textbook)

      Optical Coherence Tomography has revolutionized today’s eye care. This remarkable non-invasive scanning technology is unparalleled for aiding diagnosis of retinal disease and recording disease progression. Atlas of Retinal OCT: Optical Coherence Tomography provides expert guidance in this rapidly evolving area with high-quality, oversized images that show precise detail and assist with rapid, accurate clinical decision making.

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    1-24 of 171 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 »
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    1. (1 articles) David Huang
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