1. Articles in category: Probes

    1-24 of 625 1 2 3 4 ... 24 25 26 »
    1. Few-mode fiber endoscope

      Few-mode fiber endoscope

      Disclosed herein are configurations for few-mode fiber optical endoscope systems employing distal optics and few-mode, double-clad or other optical fiber wherein the systems directing an optical beam to a sample via the optical fiber; collecting light backscattered from the sample; direct the backscattered light to a detector via the optical fiber; and detect the backscattered light; wherein the directed optical beam is single mode and the collected light is one or more higher order modes.

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    2. Multi-MHz MEMS-VCSEL swept-source optical coherence tomography for endoscopic structural ...

      Multi-MHz MEMS-VCSEL swept-source optical coherence tomography for endoscopic structural ...

      Swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) enables volumetric imaging of subsurface structure. However, applications requiring wide fields of view (FOV), rapid imaging, and higher resolutions have been challenging because multi-MHz axial scan (A-scan) rates are needed. We describe a microelectromechanical systems vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (MEMS-VCSEL) SS-OCT technology for A-scan rates of 2.4 and 3.0 MHz. Sweep to sweep calibration and resampling are performed using dual channel acquisition of the OCT signal and a Mach Zehnder interferometer signal, overcoming inherent optical clock limitations and enabling higher performance. We demonstrate ultrahigh speed structural SS-OCT and OCT angiography (OCTA) imaging ...

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    3. Modeling, optimization, and validation of an extended-depth-of-field optical coherence tomography probe based on a mirror tunnel

      Modeling, optimization, and validation of an extended-depth-of-field optical coherence tomography probe based on a mirror tunnel

      The diagnostic capability of high-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) may be enhanced by using extended depth-of-field (EDOF) imaging that retains high transverse resolution over long depths. A recently developed mirror-tunnel optical probe design (single-mode fiber to multimode fiber to lens structure) that generates coaxially focused modes has been previously shown to enable EDOF for endoscopic OCT applications. Here, we present ray-tracing optical modeling of this optical configuration, which has the potential to guide performance improvement through optimization. The Huygens wave propagation of the field was traced through probe components with initial lengths. The irradiance along the

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    4. Long-term in vivo monitoring of gliotic sheathing of ultrathin entropic coated brain microprobes with fiber-based optical coherence tomography

      Long-term in vivo monitoring of gliotic sheathing of ultrathin entropic coated brain microprobes with fiber-based optical coherence tomography

      Microfabricated neuroprosthetic devices have made possible important observations on neuron activity; however, long-term high-fidelity recording performance of these devices has yet to be realized. Tissue-device interactions appear to be a primary source of lost recording performance. The current state of the art for visualizing the tissue response surrounding brain implants in animals is Immunohistochemistry + Confocal Microscopy, which is mainly performed after sacrificing the animal. Monitoring the tissue response as it develops could reveal important features of the response which may inform improvements in electrode design. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), an imaging technique commonly used in ophthalmology, has already been adapted ...

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    5. Tethered capsule provides high-quality images for Barrett’s esophagus

      Tethered capsule provides high-quality images for Barrett’s esophagus

      Researchers were able obtain high-quality images of Barrett’s esophagus using tethered capsule endomicroscopy, according to study results. Guillermo Tearney , MD, PhD, from the Wellman Center for Photomedicine at Massachusetts General Hospital, and colleagues wrote that the capsule, which uses optical coherence tomography, (OCT-TCE) provides 3D microscopic images of the esophagus for BE. “OCT-TCE does not require sedation, obtains microscopic images of the entire esophagus, and is a faster and more convenient procedure,” they wrote. “Our group and others have successfully conducted OCT-TCE in pilot, single-center studies showing exemplary images that demonstrate the potential of this technology to improve upper ...

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    6. Optical measurement system using multicore optical fiber

      Optical measurement system using multicore optical fiber

      An optical-fiber measurement system includes an optical system that generates light and a spatial optical switch that is coupled to the optical system that processes the light generated by the optical system and generates light at a plurality of spatially distributed optical ports. A respective one of a plurality of optical cores at a first end of a multicore optical fiber is positioned to receive light from a respective one of the plurality of spatially distributed optical ports, where the light generated at the plurality of spatially distributed optical ports propagates through the multicore optical fiber. Distal optics is positioned ...

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    7. Fiber optic rotary joints and methods of using and manufacturing same

      Fiber optic rotary joints and methods of using and manufacturing same

      One or more fiber optic rotary joints (FORJ), free space beam combiners, OCT, SEE and/or fluorescence devices and systems for use therewith, methods of manufacturing same and storage mediums are provided. One or more embodiments of FORJs may be used with numerous applications in the optical field, including, but not limited to, OCT and fluorescence applications. Examples of such applications include imaging, evaluating and diagnosing biological objects, such as, but not limited to, for Gastro-intestinal, cardio and/or ophthalmic applications, and being obtained via one or more optical instruments.

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    8. Fast simulation and design of the fiber probe with a fiber-based pupil filter for optical coherence tomography using the eigenmode expansion approach

      Fast simulation and design of the fiber probe with a fiber-based pupil filter for optical coherence tomography using the eigenmode expansion approach

      Fiber probes for optical coherence tomography (OCT) recently employ a short section of step-index multimode fiber (SIMMF) to generate output beams with extended depth of focus (DOF). As the focusing region of the output beam is generally close to the probe end, it is not feasible to adopt the methods for bulk-optics with spatial pupil filters to the fiber probes with fiber-based filters. On the other hand, the applicable method of the beam propagation method (BPM) to the fiber probes is computationally inefficient to perform parameter scan and exhaustive search optimization. In this paper, we propose the method which analyzes ...

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    9. Stick-slip nonuniform rotation distortion correction in distal scanning optical coherence tomography catheters

      Stick-slip nonuniform rotation distortion correction in distal scanning optical coherence tomography catheters

      We present a robust and fiducial-marker-free algorithm that can identify and correct stick-slip distortion caused by nonuniform rotation (or beam scanning) in distally scanned catheters for endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. This algorithm employs spatial frequency analysis to select and remove distortions. We demonstrate the feasibility of this algorithm on images acquired from ex vivo rat colon with a distally scanned DC motor-based endoscope. The proposed algorithm can be applied to general endoscopic OCT images for correcting nonuniform rotation distortion.

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    10. Fiber-Needle Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography for the Real-Time Visualization of the Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Procedure in a Swine Model

      Fiber-Needle Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography for the Real-Time Visualization of the Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Procedure in a Swine Model

      Background: Fascia blocks (eg, the transversus abdominis plane [TAP] block) target the intermuscular fascia layers. Ultrasound techniques have allowed peripheral blocks to be performed with accuracy and safety, however, with limitations. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is based on low-coherence interferometry. In this study, we examined the ability of OCT to identify the TAP. Methods: A swept-source OCT probe was placed in a 17-gauge needle to obtain imaging. The needle was inserted within 2 different angle ranges (0°-30° and 30°-60°) on a slice of pork belly to assess imaging characteristics. A series of real-time OCT imaging of the muscle ...

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    11. Micro-motor based swept wavelength optical components

      Micro-motor based swept wavelength optical components

      Optical spectroscopy is a widely used method to identify the chemical composition of materials and the characteristics of optical signals. Silicon based integrated photonics offers a platform for many optical functions through microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and microoptoelectromechanical systems (MOEMS), silicon waveguides, integrated CMOS electronics and hybrid integration of compound semiconductor elements for optical gain. Accordingly, it would be beneficial to provide advanced optical tools for techniques such as optical spectroscopy and optical tomography exploiting MOEMS to provide swept filters that offer improved performance, increased integration, reduced footprint, reduced power consumption, increased flexibility, reconfigurability, and lower cost. Further, such MOEMS elements ...

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    12. Feasibility of combined optical coherence tomography and autofluorescence imaging for visualization of needle biopsy placement

      Feasibility of combined optical coherence tomography and autofluorescence imaging for visualization of needle biopsy placement

      Significance: Diagnosis of suspicious lung nodules requires precise collection of relevant biopsies for histopathological analysis. Using optical coherence tomography and autofluorescence imaging (OCT-AFI) to improve diagnostic yield in parts of the lung inaccessible to larger imaging methods may allow for reducing complications related to the alternative of computed tomography-guided biopsy. Aim: Feasibility of OCT-AFI combined with a commercially available lung biopsy needle was demonstrated for visualization of needle puncture sites in airways with diameters as small as 1.9 mm. Approach: A miniaturized OCT-AFI imaging stylet was developed to be inserted through an 18G biopsy needle. We present design considerations ...

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    13. Optical probe

      Optical probe

      An optical probe includes an optical source that generates an optical beam that propagates from a proximal end to a distal end of an optical fiber that imparts a transformation of a spatial profile of the optical beam. An optical control device imparts a compensating spatial profile on the optical beam that at least partially compensates for the transformation of the spatial profile of the optical beam imparted by the optical fiber in response to a control signal from a signal processor. A distal optical source generates a calibration light that propagates through the one or more optical waveguides from ...

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    14. Miniaturized all fiber probe for optical coherence tomography and pH detection of biological tissue

      Miniaturized all fiber probe for optical coherence tomography and pH detection of biological tissue

      We present a novel all‐fiber probe with 710‐μm outside diameter for combined optical coherence tomography and pH detection. In cancer surgery, a significant challenge is how to completely remove the malignant tumor without cutting too much normal tissue. The difference between cancer tissue and normal tissue not only lies in morphology and structure but also in tissue pH, where malignant tissue has a lower pH. This dual‐modality probe combined optical coherence tomography and pH detection of biological tissue, is expected to determine whether the tissue is cancerous quickly and accuporcine ely. The probe utilizes a typical three ...

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    15. Feasibility Study to Assess a Trans-nasal Intestinal Potential Difference Probe

      Feasibility Study to Assess a Trans-nasal Intestinal Potential Difference Probe

      Increased gastrointestinal (GI) permeability is associated to several GI conditions that affect millions of people worldwide. Healthy intestinal walls limit only specific molecules to cross into the body. "Leaky gut" is a condition of unregulated and increased gut permeability that allows unwanted antigens, pathogens and microbial toxins into the bloodstream(1). This in turn leads to a subsequent immune response that includes the production of inflammatory mediators. Leaky gut is a key feature in celiac disease, Crohn's disease, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and environmental enteropathy and have been associated with systemic diseases including type 1 diabetes, autoimmune hepatitis, and ...

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    16. Tethered capsule en face optical coherence tomography for imaging Barrett’s oesophagus in unsedated patients

      Tethered capsule en face optical coherence tomography for imaging Barrett’s oesophagus in unsedated patients

      Objective Barrett’s oesophagus (BE) screening outside the endoscopy suite can identify patients for surveillance and reduce mortality. Tethered capsule optical coherence tomography (OCT) can volumetrically image oesophageal mucosa in unsedated patients and detect features of BE. We investigated ultrahigh-speed tethered capsule swept-source OCT (SS-OCT), improved device design, developed procedural techniques and measured capsule contact, longitudinal pullback non-uniformity and patient toleration. Design OCT was performed in 16 patients prior to endoscopic surveillance/treatment. Unsedated patients swallowed the capsule with sips of water and the tether was pulled back to image the oesophagus. SS-OCT at 1 000 000 A-scans/s enabled ...

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    17. System and method for detecting optical probe connection

      System and method for detecting optical probe connection

      A catheter system includes an electronic console; a catheter having a proximal end attachable to the console and a distal end configured to house therein an optical probe; an optical fiber configured to transmit from the console to the optical probe excitation radiation of a first wavelength, and configured to return to the console an optical response signal having a second wavelength longer than the first wavelength; a detector configured to detect intensity of the optical response signal; and a processor configured to determine, based on the detected intensity of the optical response signal, whether the catheter is properly connected ...

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    18. System and method for facilitating manual and/or automatic volumetric imaging with real-time tension or force feedback using a tethered imaging device

      System and method for facilitating manual and/or automatic volumetric imaging with real-time tension or force feedback using a tethered imaging device

      According to exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure, apparatus, device and method can be provided which can provide imaging of biological tissues, e.g., luminal organs in vivo, using optical techniques in an automatic or semiautomatic manner. The exemplary apparatus, device and method can utilize a tethered capsule catheter with a mechanism for manual, semi-automatic or automatic traversing in the luminal organ with a controlled velocity and/or image quality. The exemplary apparatus can include feedback information about tension applied to the catheter during its movement that can be used to adjust velocity and assure patient comfort and safety for ...

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    19. Chronic total occlusion crossing devices with imaging

      Chronic total occlusion crossing devices with imaging

      An imaging device includes a hollow flexible shaft having a central longitudinal axis and an imaging window therein. An optical fiber extends within the hollow flexible shaft substantially along the central axis. A distal tip of the optical fiber is attached to the hollow flexible shaft and aligned with the imaging window so as to transfer an optical coherence tomography signal through the imaging window. A handle is attached to the hollow flexible shaft configured rotate the hollow flexible shaft at speeds of greater than 1,000 rpm.

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      Mentions: Avinger
    20. Needle tip force estimation by deep learning from raw spectral OCT data

      Needle tip force estimation by deep learning from raw spectral OCT data

      Purpose Needle placement is a challenging problem for applications such as biopsy or brachytherapy. Tip force sensing can provide valuable feedback for needle navigation inside the tissue. For this purpose, fiber-optical sensors can be directly integrated into the needle tip. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can be used to image tissue. Here, we study how to calibrate OCT to sense forces, e.g., during robotic needle placement. Methods We investigate whether using raw spectral OCT data without a typical image reconstruction can improve a deep learning-based calibration between optical signal and forces. For this purpose, we consider three different needles with ...

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    21. Ultrathin monolithic 3D printed optical coherence tomography endoscopy for preclinical and clinical use

      Ultrathin monolithic 3D printed optical coherence tomography endoscopy for preclinical and clinical use

      Preclinical and clinical diagnostics increasingly rely on techniques to visualize internal organs at high resolution via endoscopes. Miniaturized endoscopic probes are necessary for imaging small luminal or delicate organs without causing trauma to tissue. However, current fabrication methods limit the imaging performance of highly miniaturized probes, restricting their widespread application. To overcome this limitation, we developed a novel ultrathin probe fabrication technique that utilizes 3D microprinting to reliably create side-facing freeform micro-optics (<130 µm diameter) on single-mode fibers. Using this technique, we built a fully functional ultrathin aberration-corrected optical coherence tomography probe. This is the smallest freeform 3D imaging probe ...

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    22. Device and system for doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the human middle ear

      Device and system for doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the human middle ear

      A device for Doppler optical coherence tomography (Doppler OCT), preferably of the human middle ear, is proposed. The device has an endoscope unit for at least partial insertion into the auditory canal. A sound source, a sound receiver, and OCT optics are integrated in the endoscope unit.

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    23. An imaging analysis and reconstruction method for multiple-micro-electro-mechanical system mirrors-based off-centre scanning optical coherence tomography probe

      An imaging analysis and reconstruction method for multiple-micro-electro-mechanical system mirrors-based off-centre scanning optical coherence tomography probe

      An endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) probe that can perform full circumferential scans using a circular array of six micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) mirrors has been developed. Inside the OCT probe, each of the six MEMS mirrors forms an independent scanning unit; circumferential OCT images are acquired by off-centre scanning and combining the image data from the individual multiple scanning units. Here, an imaging analysis and reconstruction (IAR) method is proposed to construct endoscopic OCT volumetric images from the multiple individual MEMS scanning unit. Imaging procedures of six-MEMS mirrors-based, eight-MEMS mirrors-based and twelve-MEMS mirrors-based OCT probes have been analyzed theoretically. All ...

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    24. Flexible endoscopic micro-optical coherence tomography for three-dimensional imaging of the arterial microstructure

      Flexible endoscopic micro-optical coherence tomography for three-dimensional imaging of the arterial microstructure

      Micro-optical coherence tomography (µOCT) is a novel imaging approach enabling visualization of the microstructures of biological tissues at a cellular or sub-cellular level. However, it has been challenging to develop a miniaturized flexible endoscopic µOCT probe allowing helical luminal scanning. In this study, we built a flexible endoscopic µOCT probe with an outer diameter of 1.2 mm, which acquires three-dimensional images of the arterial microstructures via helical scanning with an axial and lateral resolutions of 1.83 µm and 3.38 µm in air, respectively. Furthermore, the depth of focus of the µOCT imaging probe was extended two-fold using ...

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    1-24 of 625 1 2 3 4 ... 24 25 26 »
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