1. Articles in category: Oncology

    1-24 of 437 1 2 3 4 ... 17 18 19 »
    1. New imaging techniques for nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer

      New imaging techniques for nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer

      Purpose of review: Recent advances in imaging techniques provide innovative tools for the detection of bladder cancer. In patients with nonmuscle invasive cancer, there is a need for enhanced visualization of flat growing lesions and multifocal tumors. The aim of new imaging modalities is the improved detection and staging of bladder lesions, as an adjunct to conventional white light endoscopy. Recent findings: Fluorescence cystoscopy with 5-aminolevulinic acid and hexaminolevulinate has been shown to improve the detection of papillary and flat bladder lesions in comparison to conventional white light cystoscopy. Prospective phase III clinical trials have demonstrated advanced diagnostic ability, enhanced ...

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    2. Diagnostic potential of multimodal imaging of ovarian tissue using optical coherence tomography and second-harmonic generation microscopy

      Diagnostic potential of multimodal imaging of ovarian tissue using optical coherence tomography and second-harmonic generation microscopy

      Ovarian cancer is particularly deadly because it is usually diagnosed after it has metastasized. We have previously identified features of ovarian cancer using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and second-harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy (targeting collagen). OCT provides an image of the ovarian microstructure, while SHG provides a high-resolution map of collagen fiber bundle arrangement. Here, we investigated the diagnostic potential of dual-modality OCT and SHG imaging. We conducted a fully crossed, multireader, multicase study using seven human observers. Each observer classified 44 ex vivo mouse ovaries (16 normal and 28 abnormal) as normal or abnormal from OCT, SHG, and simultaneously viewed ...

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    3. Optical Coherence Tomography for Neurosurgery and Cancer Research (Thesis)

      Optical Coherence Tomography for Neurosurgery and Cancer Research (Thesis)

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) provides non-labeling, real-time and high resolution images, which has the potential to transform the paradigm of surgical guidance and preclinical animal studies. The design and development of OCT devices for neurosurgery guidance and novel imaging algorithms for monitoring anti-cancer therapy have been pursued in this work. A forward-imaging needle-type OCT probe was developed which can fit into minimally invasive tools (I.D. ~ 1mm), detect the at-risk blood vessels, and identify tissue micro-landmarks. This promising guidance tool improves the safety and the accuracy of needle-based procedures, which are currently performed without imaging feedback. Despite the great imaging ...

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    4. Polarization Sensitive Multimodal Imaging for Detecting Breast Cancer

      Polarization Sensitive Multimodal Imaging for Detecting Breast Cancer

      Intra-operative delineation of breast cancer is a significant problem in surgical oncology. A reliable method for demarcation of malignant breast tissue during surgery would reduce the re-excision rate due to positive margins. We present a novel method of identifying breast cancer margins using combined dye-enhanced wide-field fluorescence polarization (FP) imaging for en face cancer margins and polarization sensitive (PS) optical coherence tomography (OCT) for cross-sectional evaluation. Tumor specimens were collected following breast surgery, stained with methylene blue, and imaged. Wide-field FP images were excited at 640 nm and registered between 660 and 750 nm. Standard and PS OCT images were ...

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    5. The handheld smartphone device which could spot cancer

      The handheld smartphone device which could spot cancer

      A £240 ($400) handheld device which can analyse potential tumours is being developed in Tel Aviv. The Mobile OCT device consists of a smartphone to take the images, a lens, some lights and a plastic handle. The images are assessed by the device's operator and are then uploaded for review by a professional. BBC Click's Spencer Kelly reports.

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    6. MobileOCT uses a 3D printed case to turn smartphones into cancer screening devices

      MobileOCT uses a 3D printed case to turn smartphones into cancer screening devices

      There are plenty of nifty smartphone accessories out there today, but how many of them can potentially save lives? MobileOCT is one of the latest startups to raise their hand to that question. The self-described “point-of-care diagnostics company” based in Tel Aviv, Israel, has developed a 3D printed smartphone accessory that leverages a mobile phone’s camera to detect cancer. MobileOCT (pronounced “Mobile Oh-See-Tee” – the “OCT” stands for optical coherence tomography) is starting out by pushing its mobile colposcope, which is a magnifying device used to take images of the vagina or cervix. The company’s first target is cervical ...

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    7. Optical and Photoacoustic Imaging for Ovarian Cancer Detection (Thesis)

      Optical and Photoacoustic Imaging for Ovarian Cancer Detection (Thesis)

      Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cancer among women and has the highest mortality rate of all gynecologic cancers. Current clinical imaging modalities are limited by poor sensitivity and specificity. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop effective tools to detect ovarian cancer. In this dissertation, two imaging modalities, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and photoacoustic imaging have been investigated for ovarian cancer detection and characterization. In the first modality, optical scattering coefficient, phase retardation and phase retardation rate were quantitatively extracted from polarization-sensitive OCT (PS-OCT) images. A highly positive correlation was found between those three parameters and collagen ...

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    8. Full field optical coherence tomography (FFOCT) of prostate biopsies: A step towards pre-histological diagnosis?

      Full field optical coherence tomography (FFOCT) of prostate biopsies: A step towards pre-histological diagnosis?

      Full-field optical coherence tomography (FFOCT) may be a potential additional tool in the strategy of prostate cancer detection. If the technique can be performed safely during transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy, and without adding significant time to the procedure, the information provided by FFOCT imaging during biopsy would increase the performance level of cancer detection. FFOCT imaging would allow immediate additional sampling in an area suspicious of cancer involvement, thus optimizing its characterization. In cases where there’s an absence of suspicious FFOCT image results in other areas, sampling could be limited to one core, thus decreasing the total number of ...

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    9. OCT Developments Address Skin

      OCT Developments Address Skin

      Recent developments in optical coherence tomography (OCT) address skin cancer diagnosis. MedLumics (Madrid, Spain) has launched a three-year initiative to translate research into new clinical applications—with help from $4.9 million (€3.6 million) in Series A funding from EU joint investors. Called the BiopsyPen Project, the initiative is led by MedLumics and the Medical University of Vienna (Austria), along with European members including VTT Finland (Espoo, Finland), Delft University of Technology in The Netherlands, Exalos (Schlieren, Switzerland), the Polytechnic University of Madrid, and Optocap (Livingston, Scotland). The organizations are working to develop a handheld system for point-of-care diagnosis ...

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    10. Gradient index lens based combined two-photon microscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Gradient index lens based combined two-photon microscopy and optical coherence tomography

      We report a miniaturized probe-based combined two-photon microscopy (TPM) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. This system is to study the colorectal cancer in mouse models by visualizing both cellular and structural information of the colon in 3D with TPM and OCT respectively. The probe consisted of gradient index (GRIN) lenses and a 90° reflecting prism at its distal end for side-viewing, and it was added onto an objective lens-based TPM and OCT system. The probe was 2.2 mm in diameter and 60 mm in length. TPM imaging was performed by raster scanning of the excitation focus at the ...

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    11. Advances in tumor diagnosis using OCT and Raman spectroscopy

      Advances in tumor diagnosis using OCT and Raman spectroscopy

      Complex investigation of malignant tumors was performed with combined optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Raman spectroscopy (RS) setup: 22 ex vivo lung tissue samples and 23 in vivo experiments with skin tumors. It was shown that combined RS-OCT unit may be used for precise tissue morphology visualization with simultaneous tumor type determination (BCC, malignant melanoma of skin tissues, adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of lung). Fast RS phase method for skin and lung tumors identification was proposed. It is based on alteration of Raman spectral intensity in 1300-1340, 1440-1460 and 1640-1680 cm -1 bands for healthy and malignant tissue. Complex ...

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      Mentions: Pavel Zakharov
    12. Detection of breast surgical margins with optical coherence tomography imaging: a concept evaluation study

      Detection of breast surgical margins with optical coherence tomography imaging: a concept evaluation study

      This study aimed to evaluate the concept of using high-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging to rapidly assess surgical specimens and determine if cancer positive margins were left behind in the surgical bed. A mouse model of breast cancer was used in this study. Surgical specimens from 30 animals were investigated with OCT and automated interpretation of the OCT images was performed and tested against histopathology findings. Specimens from 10 animals were used to build a training set of OCT images, while the remaining 20 specimens were used for a validation set of images. The validation study showed that automated ...

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    13. Adaptive replanning intensity-modulated radiotherapy for choroidal metastasis of breast cancer using optical coherence tomography

      Adaptive replanning intensity-modulated radiotherapy for choroidal metastasis of breast cancer using optical coherence tomography

      Swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) is a convenient method for precise, early-stage detection of choroidal metastatic lesions, involving assessment of tumor response, and for regular follow-up studies. Using information obtained with SS-OCT, we performed intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for a patient with choroidal metastasis from breast cancer with more accuracy than had been previously possible. We made replanning adaptive radiotherapy (ART) three times based on the rapid tumor shrinkage detected by weekly assessments with SS-OCT. Accordingly, the planning target volume (PTV) decreased from 1.6 cm 3 to 0.61 cm 3 (38%), with 0.95 cm 3 (59%) and ...

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      Mentions: Osaka University
    14. Optical Coherence Tomography in Staging Patients With Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer

      Optical Coherence Tomography in Staging Patients With Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer

      This clinical trial studies how well optical coherence tomography works in staging patients with upper-tract urothelial carcinomas. Staging describes the severity of a person's cancer based on the size and/or extent (reach) of the original (primary) tumor and whether or not cancer has spread in the body. It also helps the doctor plan the appropriate treatment. Optical coherence tomography is a procedure that uses infrared light waves to give three-dimensional pictures of structures inside tissues and organs. The pictures are made by a computer linked to the light source. Optical coherence tomography may be effective in staging patients ...

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    15. Photoacoustics Technology Holds Promise For Advances In Cancer Research

      Photoacoustics Technology Holds Promise For Advances In Cancer Research

      Photoacoustic and thermoacoustic imaging is an emerging hybrid biomedical imaging technology based on the photoacoustic effect when non-ionizing laser pulses are delivered into biological tissues. In recognition of advances in the photoacoustics (AKA optoacoustics) and thermoacoustics field, last fall, Amsterdam-based scientific, technical and medical information products and services publisher Elsevier launched of the new open access journal eponymously called “Photoacoustics .” The goal of Photoacoustics is to publish original research and review contributions within this fast-growing scientific field, in which optically and electromagnetically excited acoustical and thermal phenomena are exploited for visualization and characterization of a variety of materials and biological ...

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    16. Three-dimensional, distendable bladder phantom for optical coherence tomography and white light cystoscopy

      Three-dimensional, distendable bladder phantom for optical coherence tomography and white light cystoscopy

      We describe a combination of fabrication techniques and a general process to construct a three-dimensional (3-D) phantom that mimics the size, macroscale structure, microscale surface topology, subsurface microstructure, optical properties, and functional characteristics of a cancerous bladder. The phantom also includes features that are recognizable in white light (i.e., the visual appearance of blood vessels), making it suitable to emulate the bladder for emerging white light + optical coherence tomography (OCT) cystoscopies and other endoscopic procedures of large, irregularly shaped organs. The fabrication process has broad applicability and can be generalized to OCT phantoms for other tissue types or phantoms ...

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    17. Combined information from Raman spectroscopy and optical coherence tomography for enhanced diagnostic accuracy in tissue discrimination

      Combined information from Raman spectroscopy and optical coherence tomography for enhanced diagnostic accuracy in tissue discrimination

      Optical spectroscopy and imaging methods have proved to have potential to discriminate between normal and abnormal tissue types through minimally invasive procedures. Raman spectroscopy and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) provides chemical and morphological information of tissues respectively, which are complementary to each other. When used individually they might not be able to obtain high enough sensitivity and specificity that is clinically relevant. In this study we combined Raman spectroscopy information with information obtained from OCT to enhance the sensitivity and specificity in discriminating between Colonic Adenocarcinoma from Normal Colon. OCT being an imaging technique, the information from this technique is ...

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    18. Optical coherence tomography imaging of ocular and periocular tumours

      Optical coherence tomography imaging of ocular and periocular tumours

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become pivotal in the practice of ophthalmology. Similar to other ophthalmic subspecialties, ophthalmic oncology has also incorporated OCT into practice. Anterior segment OCT (AS-OCT), ultra-high resolution OCT (UHR-OCT), spectral domain OCT (SD-OCT) and enhanced depth imaging OCT (EDI-OCT), have all been described to be helpful in the diagnosis, treatment planning and monitoring response of ocular and periocular tumours. Herein we discuss the role of OCT including the advantages and limitations of its use in the setting of common intraocular and adnexal tumours.

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      Mentions: Cleveland Clinic
    19. Controversial Data Show RFA Beneficial for LGD in Barrett's, but Accurate Diagnosis Is Key

      Controversial Data Show RFA Beneficial for LGD in Barrett's, but Accurate Diagnosis Is Key

      Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in Barrett’s esophagus (BE) patients with low-grade dysplasia (LGD) provides significant protection against progression to high-grade dysplasia (HGD) or esophageal adenocarcinoma, according to the findings of a multicenter, randomized trial presented at the 2013 Digestive Disease Week (DDW) meeting. In fact, the benefit of RFA relative to surveillance alone was so great, that the trial’s safety monitoring committee recommended terminating the trial after an interim analysis. The demonstration that RFA can reduce the risk for progression in patients with LGD has immediate relevance to clinical practice, said the senior author of the study, Jacques J ...

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    20. Segmentation And Correlation Of Optical Coherence Tomography And X-RAY Images For Breast Cancer Diagnostics.

      Segmentation And Correlation Of Optical Coherence Tomography And X-RAY Images For Breast Cancer Diagnostics.

      Pre-operative X-ray mammography and intraoperative X-ray specimen radiography are routinely used to identify breast cancer pathology. Recent advances in optical coherence tomography (OCT) have enabled its use for the intraoperative assessment of surgical margins during breast cancer surgery. While each modality offers distinct contrast of normal and pathological features, there is an essential need to correlate image -based features between the two modalities to take advantage of the diagnostic capabilities of each technique. We compare OCT to X-ray images of resected human breast tissue and correlate different tissue features between modalities for future use in real-time intraoperative OCT imaging . X-ray ...

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    21. Fast diagnostic cancer imaging technique displayed at Photonics West 2014

      Fast diagnostic cancer imaging technique displayed at Photonics West 2014

      One of the numerous technologies and applications being highlighted at Photonics West 2014 was a non-invasive optical imaging system used to quickly obtain images at the cellular level to assist in diagnoses and biopsies. CAReIOCA began in 2012 as a collaborative project funded by the European Commission’s Seventh Framework Programme. The project saw the development of an imaging system with the purpose of providing a medical tool for better localization and analysis of cancer biopsies in the operating room in order to "reduce failure and reoperation rates in pre-operative diagnosis." CAReIOCA’s technical partners, LLTech , CMOSIS, and Adimec collaborated ...

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      Mentions: LLTech
    22. Intraoperative assessment of margins in breast conserving therapy: A systematic review

      Intraoperative assessment of margins in breast conserving therapy: A systematic review

      Approximately one quarter of patients undergoing breast conserving therapy for breast cancer will require a second operation to achieve adequate clearance of the margins. A number of techniques to assess margins intraoperatively have been reported. This systematic review examines current intraoperative methods for assessing margin status. The final pathology status, statistical measures including accuracy of tumour margin assessment, average time impact on the procedure and second operation rate, were used as criteria for comparison between studies. Although pathological methods, such as frozen section and imprint cytology performed well, they added on average 20–30 min to operation times. An ultrasound ...

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    23. Deep-Tissue Dysplasia Detection with Real-Time Subcellular Analysis

      Deep-Tissue Dysplasia Detection with Real-Time Subcellular Analysis

      Angle-resolved low coherence interferometry (a/LCI) directly measures diagnostically relevant sub-cellular features in epithelial tissues up to 500 μm below the surface. Unlike optical coherence tomography (OCT), which requires image interpretation, a/LCI performs analysis of tissue and delivers to the physician direct confirmation of precancerous disease. Because it offers the greatest opportunity for successful intervention and therapy, a key weapon in the fight against cancer is early detection. If disease can be found in the precancerous stage, before abnormal cells have had the chance to spread throughout the body, the efficacy of treatment can be quite high. The clinical ...

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    24. Imaging of noncarious cervical lesions by means of a fast swept source optical coherence tomography system

      Imaging of noncarious cervical lesions by means of a fast swept source optical coherence tomography system

      Non-carious cervical lesions (NCCL) are defined as the loss of tooth substance at the cemento-enamel junction and are caused by abrasion, erosion and/or occlusal overload. In this paper we proved that our fast swept source OCT system is a valuable tool to track the evolution of NCCL lesions in time. On several extracted bicuspids, four levels of NCCL were artificially created. After every level of induced lesion, OCT scanning was performed. B scans were acquired and 3D reconstructions were generated. The swept source OCT instrument used in this study has a central wavelength of 1050 nm, a sweeping range ...

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    1-24 of 437 1 2 3 4 ... 17 18 19 »
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