1. Articles in category: Oncology

    1-24 of 466 1 2 3 4 ... 18 19 20 »
    1. “How Does Breast Cancer Develop?” Pilot Grants Awarded to Multidisciplinary Teams Using the Intraductal Approach to Advance Breast Cancer Prevention

      “How Does Breast Cancer Develop?” Pilot Grants Awarded to Multidisciplinary Teams Using the Intraductal Approach to Advance Breast Cancer Prevention

      Dr. Sheldon Feldman and Dr. Fatih Balci study intraductal approaches to breast cancer. They are currently investigating the effectiveness of optical coherence tomography (OCT), which is used in cardiology to look at blood vessels from the inside using light instead of sound (as an ultrasound does) to create three-dimensional images. OCT may be able to identify early changes in the breast duct before ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or cancer forms. This consortium received $17,000 to study whether it is feasible to use OCT to distinguish different types of breast cells and tissues and whether OCT can show features ...

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    2. Estimation of elastic parameters of ovarian tissue using phase stabilized swept source optical-coherence tomography

      Estimation of elastic parameters of ovarian tissue using phase stabilized swept source optical-coherence tomography

      We have estimated the micro-mechanical properties of ovarian tissue using phase-sensitive swept source optical coherence tomography. Ovary samples were mechanically excited by periodical vibration of an ultrasound transducer. The displacement and strain of the tissues were calculated during loading. Significant difference in strain was observed between the normal and malignant ovary groups, which indicates much softer and heterogeneous tissue structure for malignant ovaries. The initial results show that the phase sensitive swept source optical coherence elastography (OCE) can be an effective tool for characterization of stiffness and other micro-mechanical properties of normal and malignant ovarian tissue.

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    3. Doppler optical coherence tomography and co-registered autofluorescence imaging of peripheral lung cancer

      Doppler optical coherence tomography and co-registered autofluorescence imaging of peripheral lung cancer

      Diagnosis of peripheral lung nodules is challenging because they are rarely visualized endobronchially. Imaging techniques such as endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) are employed to improve tumor localization. The current EBUS probe provides limited nodule characterization and has an outer diameter of 1.4 mm that restricts access to small peripheral airways. We report a novel co-registered autofluoresence Doppler optical coherence tomography (AF/DOCT) system with a 0.9 mm diameter probe to characterize peripheral lung nodules prior to biopsy in vivo. Method: Patients referred for evaluation of peripheral lung nodules underwent bronchoscopy with examination of standard EBUS and the novel AF ...

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    4. VivoSightOCT Education Centre

      VivoSightOCT Education Centre

      Welcome to the VivoSight OCT Education Centre website This is an open access facility providing information about the use of Optical Coherence Tomography in Dermatology. Please feel free to browse using the navigation guides, We hope you will find the site useful. If you would like to contribute images or just give us some feedback please contact us on info@vivosightatlas.com

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    5. OCT firm Michelson Diagnostics closes £2.5m 'Series B' funding

      OCT firm Michelson Diagnostics closes £2.5m 'Series B' funding

      Michelson Diagnostics , the UK-based medical device company focused on multi-beam Optical Coherence Tomography technology, has closed the £2.5m first tranche of its “Series B” financing, led by strategic investor and medical specialist Smith & Nephew alongside new investor Kent County Council as well as existing investors. The £2.5m investment will be used to expand Michelson Diagnostics’ commercial presence in Germany; launch the Company’s next generation VivoSight OCT tissue-imaging system; complete the ongoing US multi-center clinical biopsy avoidance study; and explore further applications in wound care and dentistry. VivoSight is a point-of-care tissue-imaging system that for the first time ...

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    6. Optical coherence tomography predicts visual outcome for pituitary tumors

      Optical coherence tomography predicts visual outcome for pituitary tumors

      We evaluate if the relationship between optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) continued over long-term visual recovery in 107 patients undergoing pituitary decompression. Recently, it has been recognized that OCT of RNFL has prognostic value in predicting visual outcomes after surgery for chiasmal compression caused by pituitary tumours. Patients were followed up at three time points: pre-operative (visit 1), 6 –10 weeks post-operative (visit 2) and 9–15 months follow-up (visit 3). We found that patients with thin pre-operative RNFL had more severe visual field defects (mean deviation [MD] -9.22 versus -3.96 decibels ...

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    7. Integrated Ultrasound And Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Endoscope For Image Guided Cancer Biopsy - Available technology for licensing from the University of California, Irvine

      Integrated Ultrasound And Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Endoscope For Image Guided Cancer Biopsy - Available technology for licensing from the University of California, Irvine

      Gastrointestinal cancers are very difficult to diagnosis due to poor biopsy and diagnosis techniques. The invention is a device that is minimally invasive and improves biopsy technique by enabling the physician to visualize a tissue in real time prior to its biopsy. This allows for improved biopsy collection and thereby increases the diagnosis accuracy. FULL DESCRIPTION Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers cause 140,000 deaths and more than 290,000 new cases in the US in 2014. These include esophageal, colorectal cancer and many others. The current standard for early diagnosis of GI cancers is to perform histological analysis based on biopsy ...

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    8. Feature Of The Week 01/25/15: Detection and characterisation of biopsy tissue using quantitative optical coherence elastogaphy (OCE) in men with suspected prostate cancer.

      Feature Of The Week 01/25/15: Detection and characterisation of biopsy tissue using quantitative optical coherence elastogaphy (OCE) in men with suspected prostate cancer.

      Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common non-cutaneous malignancy in men. Men suspected with PCa are then offered transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided prostate biopsies to confirm the diagnosis, which falls short of making a reliable differentiation between cancer and benign hyperplasia of the gland. Suspected cancerous lesions tend to be stiffer (or harder to feel) than benign tissue. Various elastography modalities such as Ultrasound elastography and MRI elastography are known to have poor spatial resolution, which limits their ability to differentiate small lesions and in identifying early and subtle changes. OCT is an optical imaging technique that enables high-resolution, cross-sectional ...

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    9. The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in Intracranial Tumor in a Child – Case Report

      The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in Intracranial Tumor in a Child – Case Report

      We report the case of a three-year-old child referred to the Neuro-ophthalmology Department with the diagnosis of benign intracranial tumor in close relation to the left optic nerve and to the optic chiasm. Visual acuity, intrinsic and extrinsic ocular motility and fundoscopy were normal and without asymmetries. Given the age of the child and the impossibility of performing perimetry, we decided to perform visual evoked potentials and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) of the optic nerve, with measurement of the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer. The result was considered normal and symmetrical. The tomographic study the optic nerve, combined with visual ...

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    10. University of North Carolina Receives NIH Grant for Quantitative Motility Phenotyping of Basal Breast Cancer in a 3D Microenvironment.

      University of North Carolina Receives NIH Grant for  Quantitative Motility Phenotyping of Basal Breast Cancer in a 3D Microenvironment.

      University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Received at 2015 NIH Grant for $142,199 for Quantitative Motility Phenotyping of Basal Breast Cancer in a 3D Microenvironment. The principal investigator is Amy Oldenburg. The program began in 2014 and ends in 2015. Below is as summary of the proposed work. With no available targeted therapies, basal-like breast cancers are particularly aggressive cancers with a poor prognosis. Basal-like breast cancers have unique stromal-epithelial interactions within their microenvironments. The availability of quantitative 3D tissue culture assays to measure the response of basal-like cell line models in their microenvironments may lead to new ...

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    11. Optical design of an optical coherence tomography and multispectral fluorescence imaging endoscope to detect early stage ovarian cancer

      Optical design of an optical coherence tomography and multispectral fluorescence imaging endoscope to detect early stage ovarian cancer

      The five year survival rate for ovarian cancer is over 90% if early detection occurs, yet no effective early screening method exists. We have designed and are constructing a dual modality Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Multispectral Fluorescence Imaging (MFI) endoscope to optically screen the Fallopian tube and ovary for early stage cancer. The endoscope reaches the ovary via the natural pathway of the vagina, cervix, uterus and Fallopian tube. In order to navigate the Fallopian tube the endoscope must have an outer diameter of 600 μm, be highly flexible, steerable, tracking and nonperforating. The imaging systems consists of six ...

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    12. Monitoring of permeability of different analytes in human normal and cancerous bladder tissues invitro using optical coherence tomography

      Monitoring of permeability of different analytes in human normal and cancerous bladder tissues invitro using optical coherence tomography

      We report our preliminary results on quantification of glucose and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) diffusion in normal and cancerous human bladder tissues in vitro by using a spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). The permeability coefficients (PCs) of a 30% aqueous solution of glucose are found to be (7.92 ± 0.81) × 10 -6 cm s -1 and (1.19 ± 0.13) × 10 -5 cm s -1 in normal and cancerous bladder tissues, respectively. The PCs of 50% DMSO are calculated to be (8.99 ± 0.93) × 10 -6 cm s -1 and (1.43 ± 0.17) × 10 -5 cm s ...

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    13. Dual optical modality endoscopic imaging of cancer development in the mouse colon

      Dual optical modality endoscopic imaging of cancer development in the mouse colon

      Background and Objective We utilize a miniature, dual-modality endoscope that combines fluorescence-based surface magnifying chromoendoscopy (SMC) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) to follow the anatomical changes that occur during adenoma development in the mouse colon. Materials and Methods Twenty-five mice were treated with the carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM) to induce tumor development in the distal colon, or were treated with saline as control, and were imaged over six months. OCT detects adenoma number with high sensitivity and specificity and can measure lesion size. In methylene blue-lavaged colons, SMC detects changes in the colonic crypts. SMC images of control mouse colons exhibit ...

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    14. Computed Optical Margin Assessment for Breast Cancer Surgery, Phase I (Part B)

      Computed Optical Margin Assessment for Breast Cancer Surgery, Phase I (Part B)

      This intraoperative study is a prospective study analyzing specimens from fifty subjects. Patients scheduled to undergo breast- conserving surgery will be recruited in accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study period per subject is the time it takes to assess the ex vivo breast tissue sample using the study device. Image review will be conducted during surgery and compared to the margin status findings in the post-operative pathology report.

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    15. Detection and characterisation of biopsy tissue using quantitative optical coherence elastography (OCE) in men with suspected prostate cancer

      Detection and characterisation of biopsy tissue using quantitative optical coherence elastography (OCE) in men with suspected prostate cancer

      We present first quantitative three-dimensional (3D) data sets recorded using optical coherence elastography (OCE) for the diagnosis and detection of prostate cancer (PCa). 120 transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy specimens from 10 men suspected with prostate cancer were imaged using OCE. 3D quantitative mechanical assessment of biopsy specimens obtained in kilopascals (kPa) at an interval of 40 µm was compared with histopathology. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were calculated for OCE in comparison to histopathology. The results show OCE imaging could reliably differentiate between benign prostate tissue, acinar atypical hyperplasia, prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and malignant PCa. The ...

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    16. Optical Coherence Tomography for Prostate Cancer and Beyond (Book Chapter)

      Optical Coherence Tomography for Prostate Cancer and Beyond (Book Chapter)

      Since it was first used to evaluate human genitourinary tissue in 1997, OCT has emerged as a promising modality to provide real-time, high-resolution imaging of urologic organs. In the bladder, it has demonstrated a high sensitivity in identifying regions of the bladder suspicious for CIS and between invasive and noninvasive malignancy; it has been studied as an “optical biopsy” both during the initial cystoscopic diagnosis and intraoperatively in bladder-preserving surgery. Several small, ex vivo studies have shown promising results in the ability of OCT to demonstrate histopathologic alterations to renal morphology such as in renal ischemia and malignancy. It may ...

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    17. Optical Coherence Tomography in Bladder Cancer (Book Chapter)

      Optical Coherence Tomography in Bladder Cancer (Book Chapter)

      The current diagnostic standard for grading and staging of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is based on the histopathology obtained during transurethral resection of the bladder tumour (TURBT) or biopsies. Although considered reference standard, this technique has some limitations: First, no real-time intraoperative histological information is obtained on stage and grade. Real-time intraoperative histological information could be helpful when NMIBC is treated by electric coagulation or laser ablation. The urologist has to rely on his/her judgement of stage and grade since no tissue is harvested for histological confirmation. In addition, in many centres, patients with a history of low-grade, non-invasive ...

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    18. The Value of Optical Coherence Tomography in Determining Surgical Margins in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Vulva: A Single-Center Prospective Study.

      The Value of Optical Coherence Tomography in Determining Surgical Margins in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Vulva: A Single-Center Prospective Study.

      Background: Vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC) is treated with wide local excision. The challenge is to remove as much skin as necessary to prevent recurrence, but meanwhile preserve genital skin to diminish morbidity. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive imaging tool that produces cross-sectional images. Optical coherence tomography could be helpful in determining appropriate surgical margins during excision of VSCC. Objective: This study aimed to assess the value of OCT in determining appropriate surgical margins in patients operated for VSCC. We hypothesize that benign tissue will differ qualitatively (presence of clear epidermal layers) and quantitatively (epidermal layer thickness and ...

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    19. Endoscopic Eradication Therapy for Barrett's Esophagus

      Endoscopic Eradication Therapy for Barrett's Esophagus

      B arrett’s esophagus (BE) is the precursor lesion to esophageal adenocarcinoma, which in an invasive stage causes significant morbidity and mortality. Surgery was the mainstay of treatment for patients with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and adenocarcinoma associated with BE. However, surgery in itself carries substantial morbidity. There has been tremendous progress in the minimally invasive treatment of BE in the past decade. The premise to be aggressive in treating dysplastic BE and early-stage adenocarcinoma is to prevent progression to an advanced-stage cancer. Most interventional endoscopists are comfortable treating dysplasia and intramucosal esophageal cancer, although recently there have been emerging data ...

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    20. Feature Of The Week 10/12/14: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Investigates PS-OCT with Ultimate Aim of Intraoperative Breast Cancer Tumor Margin Assessment

      Feature Of The Week 10/12/14: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Investigates PS-OCT with Ultimate Aim of Intraoperative Breast Cancer Tumor Margin Assessment

      Successful treatment of breast cancer typically requires surgical removal of the tumor. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been previously developed for real-time imaging of the surgical margin. However, it can be difficult to distinguish between normal stromal tissue and cancer tissue based on scattering intensity and structure alone. Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) is sensitive to form birefringence of biological tissue. We report on the development of a high-speed PS-OCT system and imaging of ex vivo human breast tissue, showing enhanced contrast between healthy and cancerous tissues based upon collagen content confirmed with corresponding histology. These results demonstrate the feasibility ...

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    21. Automated identification of basal cell carcinoma by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Automated identification of basal cell carcinoma by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      We report an automated classifier to detect the presence of basal cell carcinoma in images of mouse skin tissue samples acquired by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). The sensitivity and specificity of the classifier based on combined information of the scattering intensity and birefringence properties of the samples are significantly higher than when intensity or birefringence information are used alone. The combined information offers a sensitivity of 94.4% and specificity of 92.5%, compared to 78.2% and 82.2% for intensity-only information and 85.5% and 87.9% for birefringence-only information. These results demonstrate that analysis of the ...

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    22. University Health Network Expands Relationship with Perimeter Medical Imaging

      University Health Network Expands Relationship with  Perimeter Medical Imaging

      Perimeter Medical Imaging Inc., a developer of real time imaging systems for in-surgery tumour margin assessment, today announced an expanded relationship with University Health Network (UHN), the largest hospital-based research program in Canada, which includes closer research ties and a unique risk-sharing partnership. Perimeter has worked closely with the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, a UHN hospital and recognized global leader in cancer research, to test the clinical capabilities of Perimeter’s ‘OTIS’ tumour margin assessment solution. Promising clinical results from the first trial have led to this expansion of the relationship which includes both additional clinical activities and a risk-sharing ...

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    1-24 of 466 1 2 3 4 ... 18 19 20 »
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