1. Articles in category: Oncology

    1-24 of 445 1 2 3 4 ... 17 18 19 »
    1. Endoscopic Eradication Therapy for Barrett's Esophagus

      Endoscopic Eradication Therapy for Barrett's Esophagus

      B arrett’s esophagus (BE) is the precursor lesion to esophageal adenocarcinoma, which in an invasive stage causes significant morbidity and mortality. Surgery was the mainstay of treatment for patients with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and adenocarcinoma associated with BE. However, surgery in itself carries substantial morbidity. There has been tremendous progress in the minimally invasive treatment of BE in the past decade. The premise to be aggressive in treating dysplastic BE and early-stage adenocarcinoma is to prevent progression to an advanced-stage cancer. Most interventional endoscopists are comfortable treating dysplasia and intramucosal esophageal cancer, although recently there have been emerging data ...

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    2. Feature Of The Week 10/12/14: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Investigates PS-OCT with Ultimate Aim of Intraoperative Breast Cancer Tumor Margin Assessment

      Feature Of The Week 10/12/14: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Investigates PS-OCT with Ultimate Aim of Intraoperative Breast Cancer Tumor Margin Assessment

      Successful treatment of breast cancer typically requires surgical removal of the tumor. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been previously developed for real-time imaging of the surgical margin. However, it can be difficult to distinguish between normal stromal tissue and cancer tissue based on scattering intensity and structure alone. Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) is sensitive to form birefringence of biological tissue. We report on the development of a high-speed PS-OCT system and imaging of ex vivo human breast tissue, showing enhanced contrast between healthy and cancerous tissues based upon collagen content confirmed with corresponding histology. These results demonstrate the feasibility ...

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    3. Automated identification of basal cell carcinoma by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Automated identification of basal cell carcinoma by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      We report an automated classifier to detect the presence of basal cell carcinoma in images of mouse skin tissue samples acquired by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). The sensitivity and specificity of the classifier based on combined information of the scattering intensity and birefringence properties of the samples are significantly higher than when intensity or birefringence information are used alone. The combined information offers a sensitivity of 94.4% and specificity of 92.5%, compared to 78.2% and 82.2% for intensity-only information and 85.5% and 87.9% for birefringence-only information. These results demonstrate that analysis of the ...

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    4. Differentiation of ex vivo human breast tissue using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Differentiation of ex vivo human breast tissue using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Successful treatment of breast cancer typically requires surgical removal of the tumor. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been previously developed for real-time imaging of the surgical margin. However, it can be difficult to distinguish between normal stromal tissue and cancer tissue based on scattering intensity and structure alone. Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) is sensitive to form birefringence of biological tissue. We report on the development of a high-speed PS-OCT system and imaging of ex vivo human breast tissue, showing enhanced contrast between healthy and cancerous tissues based upon collagen content confirmed with corresponding histology. These results demonstrate the feasibility ...

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    5. Importance of Optical Coherence Tomography Grows

      Importance of Optical Coherence Tomography Grows

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become essential to the practice of ophthalmology, offering superior resolution of the retina and some of the adjacent tissues for diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases. New OCT modalities have now been assimilated into ophthalmic oncology to help track the status of ocular and periocular tumors through retinal symptoms. “ Optical coherence tomography imaging of ocular and periocular tumours ,” a review of newer OCT modalities including anterior segment (AS), ultra-high resolution (UHR), spectral domain (SD) and enhanced depth imaging (EDI), describes the current advantages and limitations of their use. Use of OCT shows mixed results The ...

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      Mentions: Cleveland Clinic
    6. Noninvasive Esophageal Cancer Imaging 2014 R&D 100 Winner

      Noninvasive Esophageal Cancer Imaging 2014 R&D 100 Winner

      2014 R&D 100 Winner There are two forms of esophageal cancer: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Adenocarcinoma is increasing at a rate greater than all other cancers in the U.S. In fact, the American Cancer Society estimated that in 2013, nearly 18,000 new cases of esophageal cancer cases will be diagnosed and more than 15,000 people will die from the condition. Currently, imaging and screening practices of esophageal tissue are time consuming and costly with questionable effectiveness. For the patient, this process is also invasive. However, NinePoint Medical and Farm Design have developed a solution, the ...

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    7. Line-scan Raman microscopy complements optical coherence tomography for tumor boundary detection

      Line-scan Raman microscopy complements optical coherence tomography for tumor boundary detection

      Current technique for tumor resection requires biopsy of the tumor region and histological confirmation before the surgeon can be certain that the entire tumor has been resected. This confirmation process is time consuming both for the surgeon and the patient and also requires sacrifice of healthy tissue, motivating the development of novel technologies which can enable real-time detection of tumor-healthy tissue boundary for faster and more efficient surgeries. In this study, the potential of combining structural information from optical coherence tomography (OCT) and molecular information from line-scan Raman microscopy (LSRM) for such an application is presented. The results show a ...

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    8. Strategies for the prevention of oesophageal adenocarcinoma

      Strategies for the prevention of oesophageal adenocarcinoma

      The incidence of oesophageal adenocarcinoma has increased by 500% over the past 30 years [1] . Improved understanding of the mechanisms of neoplastic progression provides an opportunity to reverse this trend. A thorough review of emerging strategies aiming to prevent the formation of oesophageal malignancy is presented. These include dietary modification, chemoprevention, early endoscopic identification and treatment of premalignant disease, and the potential for a non-endoscopic screening test. Oesophageal adenocarcinoma has become a major public health problem in the West and it is essential that clinicians are fully informed of risk reduction strategies so that they can be actively promoted in ...

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    9. New imaging techniques for nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer

      New imaging techniques for nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer

      Purpose of review: Recent advances in imaging techniques provide innovative tools for the detection of bladder cancer. In patients with nonmuscle invasive cancer, there is a need for enhanced visualization of flat growing lesions and multifocal tumors. The aim of new imaging modalities is the improved detection and staging of bladder lesions, as an adjunct to conventional white light endoscopy. Recent findings: Fluorescence cystoscopy with 5-aminolevulinic acid and hexaminolevulinate has been shown to improve the detection of papillary and flat bladder lesions in comparison to conventional white light cystoscopy. Prospective phase III clinical trials have demonstrated advanced diagnostic ability, enhanced ...

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    10. Diagnostic potential of multimodal imaging of ovarian tissue using optical coherence tomography and second-harmonic generation microscopy

      Diagnostic potential of multimodal imaging of ovarian tissue using optical coherence tomography and second-harmonic generation microscopy

      Ovarian cancer is particularly deadly because it is usually diagnosed after it has metastasized. We have previously identified features of ovarian cancer using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and second-harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy (targeting collagen). OCT provides an image of the ovarian microstructure, while SHG provides a high-resolution map of collagen fiber bundle arrangement. Here, we investigated the diagnostic potential of dual-modality OCT and SHG imaging. We conducted a fully crossed, multireader, multicase study using seven human observers. Each observer classified 44 ex vivo mouse ovaries (16 normal and 28 abnormal) as normal or abnormal from OCT, SHG, and simultaneously viewed ...

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    11. Optical Coherence Tomography for Neurosurgery and Cancer Research (Thesis)

      Optical Coherence Tomography for Neurosurgery and Cancer Research (Thesis)

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) provides non-labeling, real-time and high resolution images, which has the potential to transform the paradigm of surgical guidance and preclinical animal studies. The design and development of OCT devices for neurosurgery guidance and novel imaging algorithms for monitoring anti-cancer therapy have been pursued in this work. A forward-imaging needle-type OCT probe was developed which can fit into minimally invasive tools (I.D. ~ 1mm), detect the at-risk blood vessels, and identify tissue micro-landmarks. This promising guidance tool improves the safety and the accuracy of needle-based procedures, which are currently performed without imaging feedback. Despite the great imaging ...

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    12. Polarization Sensitive Multimodal Imaging for Detecting Breast Cancer

      Polarization Sensitive Multimodal Imaging for Detecting Breast Cancer

      Intra-operative delineation of breast cancer is a significant problem in surgical oncology. A reliable method for demarcation of malignant breast tissue during surgery would reduce the re-excision rate due to positive margins. We present a novel method of identifying breast cancer margins using combined dye-enhanced wide-field fluorescence polarization (FP) imaging for en face cancer margins and polarization sensitive (PS) optical coherence tomography (OCT) for cross-sectional evaluation. Tumor specimens were collected following breast surgery, stained with methylene blue, and imaged. Wide-field FP images were excited at 640 nm and registered between 660 and 750 nm. Standard and PS OCT images were ...

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    13. The handheld smartphone device which could spot cancer

      The handheld smartphone device which could spot cancer

      A £240 ($400) handheld device which can analyse potential tumours is being developed in Tel Aviv. The Mobile OCT device consists of a smartphone to take the images, a lens, some lights and a plastic handle. The images are assessed by the device's operator and are then uploaded for review by a professional. BBC Click's Spencer Kelly reports.

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    14. MobileOCT uses a 3D printed case to turn smartphones into cancer screening devices

      MobileOCT uses a 3D printed case to turn smartphones into cancer screening devices

      There are plenty of nifty smartphone accessories out there today, but how many of them can potentially save lives? MobileOCT is one of the latest startups to raise their hand to that question. The self-described “point-of-care diagnostics company” based in Tel Aviv, Israel, has developed a 3D printed smartphone accessory that leverages a mobile phone’s camera to detect cancer. MobileOCT (pronounced “Mobile Oh-See-Tee” – the “OCT” stands for optical coherence tomography) is starting out by pushing its mobile colposcope, which is a magnifying device used to take images of the vagina or cervix. The company’s first target is cervical ...

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    15. Optical and Photoacoustic Imaging for Ovarian Cancer Detection (Thesis)

      Optical and Photoacoustic Imaging for Ovarian Cancer Detection (Thesis)

      Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cancer among women and has the highest mortality rate of all gynecologic cancers. Current clinical imaging modalities are limited by poor sensitivity and specificity. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop effective tools to detect ovarian cancer. In this dissertation, two imaging modalities, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and photoacoustic imaging have been investigated for ovarian cancer detection and characterization. In the first modality, optical scattering coefficient, phase retardation and phase retardation rate were quantitatively extracted from polarization-sensitive OCT (PS-OCT) images. A highly positive correlation was found between those three parameters and collagen ...

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    16. Full field optical coherence tomography (FFOCT) of prostate biopsies: A step towards pre-histological diagnosis?

      Full field optical coherence tomography (FFOCT) of prostate biopsies: A step towards pre-histological diagnosis?

      Full-field optical coherence tomography (FFOCT) may be a potential additional tool in the strategy of prostate cancer detection. If the technique can be performed safely during transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy, and without adding significant time to the procedure, the information provided by FFOCT imaging during biopsy would increase the performance level of cancer detection. FFOCT imaging would allow immediate additional sampling in an area suspicious of cancer involvement, thus optimizing its characterization. In cases where there’s an absence of suspicious FFOCT image results in other areas, sampling could be limited to one core, thus decreasing the total number of ...

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    17. OCT Developments Address Skin

      OCT Developments Address Skin

      Recent developments in optical coherence tomography (OCT) address skin cancer diagnosis. MedLumics (Madrid, Spain) has launched a three-year initiative to translate research into new clinical applications—with help from $4.9 million (€3.6 million) in Series A funding from EU joint investors. Called the BiopsyPen Project, the initiative is led by MedLumics and the Medical University of Vienna (Austria), along with European members including VTT Finland (Espoo, Finland), Delft University of Technology in The Netherlands, Exalos (Schlieren, Switzerland), the Polytechnic University of Madrid, and Optocap (Livingston, Scotland). The organizations are working to develop a handheld system for point-of-care diagnosis ...

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    18. Gradient index lens based combined two-photon microscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Gradient index lens based combined two-photon microscopy and optical coherence tomography

      We report a miniaturized probe-based combined two-photon microscopy (TPM) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. This system is to study the colorectal cancer in mouse models by visualizing both cellular and structural information of the colon in 3D with TPM and OCT respectively. The probe consisted of gradient index (GRIN) lenses and a 90° reflecting prism at its distal end for side-viewing, and it was added onto an objective lens-based TPM and OCT system. The probe was 2.2 mm in diameter and 60 mm in length. TPM imaging was performed by raster scanning of the excitation focus at the ...

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    19. Advances in tumor diagnosis using OCT and Raman spectroscopy

      Advances in tumor diagnosis using OCT and Raman spectroscopy

      Complex investigation of malignant tumors was performed with combined optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Raman spectroscopy (RS) setup: 22 ex vivo lung tissue samples and 23 in vivo experiments with skin tumors. It was shown that combined RS-OCT unit may be used for precise tissue morphology visualization with simultaneous tumor type determination (BCC, malignant melanoma of skin tissues, adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of lung). Fast RS phase method for skin and lung tumors identification was proposed. It is based on alteration of Raman spectral intensity in 1300-1340, 1440-1460 and 1640-1680 cm -1 bands for healthy and malignant tissue. Complex ...

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      Mentions: Pavel Zakharov
    20. Detection of breast surgical margins with optical coherence tomography imaging: a concept evaluation study

      Detection of breast surgical margins with optical coherence tomography imaging: a concept evaluation study

      This study aimed to evaluate the concept of using high-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging to rapidly assess surgical specimens and determine if cancer positive margins were left behind in the surgical bed. A mouse model of breast cancer was used in this study. Surgical specimens from 30 animals were investigated with OCT and automated interpretation of the OCT images was performed and tested against histopathology findings. Specimens from 10 animals were used to build a training set of OCT images, while the remaining 20 specimens were used for a validation set of images. The validation study showed that automated ...

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    21. Adaptive replanning intensity-modulated radiotherapy for choroidal metastasis of breast cancer using optical coherence tomography

      Adaptive replanning intensity-modulated radiotherapy for choroidal metastasis of breast cancer using optical coherence tomography

      Swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) is a convenient method for precise, early-stage detection of choroidal metastatic lesions, involving assessment of tumor response, and for regular follow-up studies. Using information obtained with SS-OCT, we performed intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for a patient with choroidal metastasis from breast cancer with more accuracy than had been previously possible. We made replanning adaptive radiotherapy (ART) three times based on the rapid tumor shrinkage detected by weekly assessments with SS-OCT. Accordingly, the planning target volume (PTV) decreased from 1.6 cm 3 to 0.61 cm 3 (38%), with 0.95 cm 3 (59%) and ...

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      Mentions: Osaka University
    22. Optical Coherence Tomography in Staging Patients With Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer

      Optical Coherence Tomography in Staging Patients With Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer

      This clinical trial studies how well optical coherence tomography works in staging patients with upper-tract urothelial carcinomas. Staging describes the severity of a person's cancer based on the size and/or extent (reach) of the original (primary) tumor and whether or not cancer has spread in the body. It also helps the doctor plan the appropriate treatment. Optical coherence tomography is a procedure that uses infrared light waves to give three-dimensional pictures of structures inside tissues and organs. The pictures are made by a computer linked to the light source. Optical coherence tomography may be effective in staging patients ...

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    23. Photoacoustics Technology Holds Promise For Advances In Cancer Research

      Photoacoustics Technology Holds Promise For Advances In Cancer Research

      Photoacoustic and thermoacoustic imaging is an emerging hybrid biomedical imaging technology based on the photoacoustic effect when non-ionizing laser pulses are delivered into biological tissues. In recognition of advances in the photoacoustics (AKA optoacoustics) and thermoacoustics field, last fall, Amsterdam-based scientific, technical and medical information products and services publisher Elsevier launched of the new open access journal eponymously called “Photoacoustics .” The goal of Photoacoustics is to publish original research and review contributions within this fast-growing scientific field, in which optically and electromagnetically excited acoustical and thermal phenomena are exploited for visualization and characterization of a variety of materials and biological ...

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    24. Three-dimensional, distendable bladder phantom for optical coherence tomography and white light cystoscopy

      Three-dimensional, distendable bladder phantom for optical coherence tomography and white light cystoscopy

      We describe a combination of fabrication techniques and a general process to construct a three-dimensional (3-D) phantom that mimics the size, macroscale structure, microscale surface topology, subsurface microstructure, optical properties, and functional characteristics of a cancerous bladder. The phantom also includes features that are recognizable in white light (i.e., the visual appearance of blood vessels), making it suitable to emulate the bladder for emerging white light + optical coherence tomography (OCT) cystoscopies and other endoscopic procedures of large, irregularly shaped organs. The fabrication process has broad applicability and can be generalized to OCT phantoms for other tissue types or phantoms ...

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    1-24 of 445 1 2 3 4 ... 17 18 19 »
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