1. Articles in category: Other Non-Medical

    1-24 of 146 1 2 3 4 5 6 »
    1. A Novel Approach to Characterizing the Growth of a Fouling Layer during Membrane Filtration via Optical Coherence Tomography

      A Novel Approach to Characterizing the Growth of a Fouling Layer during Membrane Filtration via Optical Coherence Tomography

      Fouling control is one of the critical issues in membrane filtration and plays a very important role in water/wastewater treatment. Better understanding of the underlying fouling mechanisms entails novel characterization techniques that can realize a real-time non-invasive observation and provide high resolution images recording the formation of a fouling layer . This work presents a characterization method based on optical coherence tomography (OCT), which is able to detect the internal structures and motions by analyzing the interference signals. An OCT system was incorporated with a lab-scale membrane filtration system, and the growth of the fouling layer was observed by using ...

      Read Full Article
    2. The Application of Optical Coherence Tomography to Image Subsurface Tissue Structure of Antarctic Krill Euphausia superba

      The Application of Optical Coherence Tomography to Image Subsurface Tissue Structure of Antarctic Krill Euphausia superba

      Many small open ocean animals, such as Antarctic krill, are an important part of marine ecosystems. To discover what will happen to animals such as krill in a changing ocean, experiments are run in aquaria where conditions can be controlled to simulate water characteristics predicted to occur in the future. The response of individual animals to changing water conditions can be hard to observe, and with current observation techniques it is very difficult to follow the progress of an individual animal through its life. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical imaging technique that allows images at high resolution to ...

      Read Full Article
    3. Optical coherence tomography for shape and radius of curvature measurements of deeply curved machined metallic surfaces: a comparison with two-beam laser interferometry

      Optical coherence tomography for shape and radius of curvature measurements of deeply curved machined metallic surfaces: a comparison with two-beam laser interferometry

      An application of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for measuring shape and the radius of curvature of deeply curved metallic surfaces in precision mechanical components is demonstrated. Measurements carried out by OCT technique on concave and convex hemispherical metallic surfaces generated by diamond turning process is presented. The technique is compared with a two-beam laser interferometric method for determinations of shape errors and radius of curvature. It is shown that OCT is a useful tool for three-dimensional shape determinations for deeply curved surfaces such as hemispheres and has advantages over two-beam laser interferometric method.

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: K. Divakar Rao
    4. Michelson Diagnostics launches new improved version of VivoSight OCT scanner with Micro-Camera to aid skin cancer diagnosis

      Michelson Diagnostics launches new improved version of VivoSight OCT scanner with Micro-Camera to aid skin cancer diagnosis

      Michelson Diagnostics, the UK based medical device company focused on multi-beam Optical Coherence Tomography (‘OCT’) technology, announces the launch of a new improved version of its innovative VivoSight OCT scanner at the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV) Annual Meeting, 8-12 October, Amsterdam. The VivoSight scanner probe is now equipped with a new Micro Camera that provides the user with a real-time, colour, magnified view of the skin lesion being scanned. The new Micro Camera image is shown simultaneously with the vertical and en face OCT images, making the VivoSight scanner the only dermatological clinical OCT device to provide ...

      Read Full Article
    5. Extreme optical confinement in a slotted photonic crystal waveguide

      Extreme optical confinement in a slotted photonic crystal waveguide

      Using Optical Coherence Tomography, we measure the attenuation of slow light modes in slotted photonic crystal waveguides. When the group index is close to 20, the attenuation is below 300 dB cm −1 . Here, the optical confinement in the empty slot is very strong, corresponding to an ultra-small effective cross section of 0.02  μ m 2 . This is nearly 10 times below the diffraction limit at λ  = 1.5  μ m, and it enables an effective interaction with a very small volume of functionalized matter.

      Read Full Article
    6. Feature Of The Week 9/21/14: National University of Singapore Investigates OCT as a Tool for Characterization of Complex Biological Surfaces Including Morphology of Crab Shells

      Feature Of The Week 9/21/14: National University of Singapore Investigates OCT as a Tool for Characterization of Complex Biological Surfaces Including Morphology of Crab Shells

      The advent of scanning electron microscopy has facilitated our understanding of the In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the study of natural biological surfaces in the search for novel solutions in surface engineering design from nature. Most methods for surface imaging of natural biological samples are however, sacrificial and require that samples be sectioned and prepared for characterization. One example is the use of the scanning electron microscope (SEM) to obtain detailed images of microtopography, where a section of the specimen is cut and sputter coated with electrically conductive material like gold or platinum for scanning ...

      Read Full Article
    7. 3D Polymer Weld Seam Characterization Based on Optical Coherence Tomography for Laser Transmission Welding Applications

      3D Polymer Weld Seam Characterization Based on Optical Coherence Tomography for Laser Transmission Welding Applications

      Laser transmission welding is an established single-stage plastic joining process, which enables hermetically sealed joints under the workpiece surface. The process requires joining partners with proper degrees of transmission and absorption to the processing wavelength. For reaching a stable process an in-process quality assurance is very valuable. Current monitoring systems have a limited usage, as no quantitative information of the weld itself is obtained without its destruction. In medical and pharmaceutical applications a weld with leakage is e.g. unacceptable. The main objective of this paper is the presentation of the optical coherence tomography as a tool for the quality ...

      Read Full Article
    8. Surface imaging of metallic material fractures using optical coherence tomography

      Surface imaging of metallic material fractures using optical coherence tomography

      We demonstrate the capability of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to perform topography of metallic surfaces after being subjected to ductile or brittle fracturing. Two steel samples, OL 37 and OL 52, and an antifriction Sn–Sb–Cu alloy were analyzed. Using an in-house-built swept source OCT system, height profiles were generated for the surfaces of the two samples. Based on such profiles, it can be concluded that the first two samples were subjected to ductile fracture, while the third one was subjected to brittle fracture. The OCT potential for assessing the surface state of materials after fracture was evaluated by ...

      Read Full Article
    9. Using Optical Coherence Tomography to Examine Additives in Chinese Song Jun Glaze

      Using Optical Coherence Tomography to Examine Additives in Chinese Song Jun Glaze

      We use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to acquire microstructure images of Chinese Song Jun glaze to reveal the copper and quartz additives used and, in two typical samples, we show that the amount added is considerable. Focusing on these two additives, including the species, amount and granule (particle) size added in the glaze, the objective of the present study is to explore how they functioned in relation to the Jun glaze's visual characteristics, opalescence and sky-blue colour, attributed to the unique liquid–liquid phase separation that occurs in Jun glaze.

      Read Full Article
    10. En-face full-field optical coherence tomography for fast and efficient fingerprints acquisition

      En-face full-field optical coherence tomography for fast and efficient fingerprints acquisition

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been recently proposed by a number of laboratories as a promising tool for fingerprints acquisitions and for fakes discrimination. Indeed OCT being a non-contact, non-destructive optical method that virtually sections the volume of biological tissues that strongly scatter light it appears obvious to use it for fingerprints. Nevertheless most of the OCT setups have to go through the long acquisition of a full 3D image to isolate an “en-face” image suitable for fingerprint analysis. A few “en-face” OCT approaches have been proposed that use either a complex 2D scanning setup and image processing, or a ...

      Read Full Article
    11. Improved inspection and micrometrology of embedded structures in multi-layered ceramics: Development of optical coherence tomographic methods and tools (Thesis)

      Improved inspection and micrometrology of embedded structures in multi-layered ceramics: Development of optical coherence tomographic methods and tools (Thesis)

      Roll-to-roll manufacturing of micro components based on advanced printing, structuring and lamination of ceramic tapes is rapidly progressing. This large-scale and cost-effective manufacturing process of ceramic micro devices is however prone to hide defects within the visually opaque tape stacks. To achieve a sustainable manufacturing with zero defects in the future, there is an urgent need for reliable inspection systems. The systems to be developed have to perform high-resolution in-process quality control at high speed. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising technology for detailed in-depth inspection and metrology. Combined with infrared screening of larger areas it can solve the ...

      Read Full Article
    12. Growth Kinetics of Concave Nanocubes Studied by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Growth Kinetics of Concave Nanocubes Studied by Optical Coherence Tomography

      This work presents the analysis of the growth kinetics of two syntheses of concave gold nanocubes with a mean size of 72 and 108 nm followed by the optical coherence tomography (OCT) technique by acquiring B-scan images each 5 s. In addition, ultra violet-visible (UV-Vis) spectra and mean size from dynamic light scattering (DLS) were acquired during nanoparticle growth to generate kinetic plots in order to corroborate the OCT results. Kinetic plots from OCT images were obtained by plotting contrast enhancement of B-scan images as function of time. Fitting parameters values given by using the classical Kolmogorov-Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (KJMA) equation show ...

      Read Full Article
    13. Spectroscopic measurement of absorptive thin films by Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Spectroscopic measurement of absorptive thin films by Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      A non-invasive method for measuring the refractive index, extinction coefficient and film thickness of absorptive thin films using spectral-domain optical coherent tomography is proposed, analyzed and experimentally demonstrated. Such an optical system employing a normal-incident beam of light exhibits a high spatial resolution. There are no mechanical moving parts involved for the measurement except the transversal scanning module for the measurement at various transversal locations. The method was experimentally demonstrated on two absorptive thin-film samples coated on transparent glass substrates. The refractive index and extinction coefficient spectra from 510 to 580 nm wavelength range and film thickness were simultaneously measured ...

      Read Full Article
    14. Evaluation of fingerprint deformation using optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of fingerprint deformation using optical coherence tomography

      Biometric identification systems have important applications to privacy and security. The most widely used of these, print identification, is based on imaging patterns present in the fingers, hands and feet that are formed by the ridges, valleys and pores of the skin. Most modern print sensors acquire images of the finger when pressed against a sensor surface. Unfortunately, this pressure may result in deformations, characterized by changes in the sizes and relative distances of the print patterns, and such changes have been shown to negatively affect the performance of fingerprint identification algorithms. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel imaging ...

      Read Full Article
    15. Cost-effective optical coherence tomography spectrometer based on a tilted fiber Bragg grating

      Cost-effective optical coherence tomography spectrometer based on a tilted fiber Bragg grating

      A compact, fiber-based spectrometer for biomedical application utilizing a tilted fiber Bragg grating (TFBG) as integrated dispersive element is demonstrated. Based on a 45° UV-written PS750 TFBG a refractive spectrometer with 2.06 radiant/μm dispersion and a numerical aperture of 0.1 was set up and tested as integrated detector for an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. Featuring a 23 mm long active region at the fiber the spectrum is projected via a cylindrical lens for vertical beam collimation and focused by an achromatic doublet onto the detector array. Covering 740 nm to 860 nm the spectrometer was optically ...

      Read Full Article
    16. Optical characterization of ultra-short Bragg grating on lithium niobate ridge waveguide

      Optical characterization of ultra-short Bragg grating on lithium niobate ridge waveguide

      In this Letter, we report a technique to etch giant aspect ratio nanostructures in lithium niobate. An 8 μm long Bragg grating on a Ti : LiNbO 3 ridge waveguide was fabricated by combining optical-grade dicing and focused ion beam milling. The reflectivity was evaluated using an optical coherence tomography system: it is measured to be 53% for the TM wave and 47% for the TE wave. We study by 2D-FDTD the modeled behavior of the electromagnetic field when an angle exists between two consecutive sidewalls of the grating in order to understand the difference between ideal Bragg grating and experimental ...

      Read Full Article
    17. Feasibility of non-invasive detection of engineered nanoparticles in food mimicking matrices by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Feasibility of non-invasive detection of engineered nanoparticles in food mimicking matrices by Optical Coherence Tomography

      The study was dedicated towards the detection of Engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) by means ofOptical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Polymeric films were produced to mimic complex food matrices whereas gold nanorods (AuNRs) were embedded to act as ENPs. The straightforward coating application resulted in a sufficient film wetting, adhesion and homogenous AuNR distribution. Compared to food samples, these films are simpler and better defined. Such artefacts are therefore promising candidate materials for quality assurance and regulatory matters. The OCT investigations revealed a dependency of the measured signal intensity on the AuNR concentration in the film. The limit of detection for the setup ...

      Read Full Article
    18. Optical Coherence Tomography as a Characterization Method in Printed Electronics (Thesis)

      Optical Coherence Tomography as a Characterization Method in Printed Electronics (Thesis)

      This Thesis proposes and describes the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a non-contact and non-destructive characterization technique for printed electronics. It is based on and includes the first published results of such an application of the OCT technique. Several different types of structures were studied to evaluate the feasibility of the application. The measurement data was used to define the surface topography, physical dimensions of the specimen features, and to evaluate the ability to characterize multi-layered and multi-material structures. Presented OCT measurements were done for: screen-printed conductive and insulating structures, microfluidic channels, microscopy glass and organic field effect ...

      Read Full Article
    19. Characterization of PET preforms using spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Characterization of PET preforms using spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) preforms are massively produced nowadays with the purpose of producing food and beverages packaging and liquid containers. Some varieties of these preforms are produced as multilayer structures, where very thin inner film(s) act as a barrier for nutrients leakage. The knowledge of the thickness of this thin inner layer is important in the production line. The quality control of preforms production requires a fast approach and normally the thickness control is performed by destructive means out of the production line. A spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) method was proposed to examine the thin layers in ...

      Read Full Article
    20. CAPTURING THE VITAL VASCULAR FINGERPRINT WITH OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      CAPTURING THE VITAL VASCULAR FINGERPRINT WITH OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      Using fingerprints as a method to identify an individual has been accepted in forensics since the 19 th century, and the fingerprint has become one of the most widely used biometric characteristics. Most of the modern fingerprint recognition systems are based on the print pattern of the finger surface and are not robust against spoof attaching. There may be problems where there are scars or cuts on fingertips. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noncontact imaging technique which can capture high resolution, 3D images from within highly scattering biological tissues. There has been great interest to use OCT for fingerprint ...

      Read Full Article
    21. Volume Determination of Fresh and Dried Bloodstains by Means of Optical Coherence Tomography

      Volume Determination of Fresh and Dried Bloodstains by Means of Optical Coherence Tomography

      The volume of bloodstains found on crime scenes may help forensic investigators reconstruct the location and kinematics of bloodletting events, as stain size, volume, and impact velocity are related. Optical coherence tomography was used as a method to determine the volume and volume ratio of dried and fresh bloodstains on both glass and irregular surfaces or deposited with an impact velocity. The volume of blood drops deposited on smooth glass surfaces was measured within a deviation of 2%. This deviation increased for droplets on irregular surfaces or deposited with an impact velocity. The volume ratio of dried and fresh bloodstains ...

      Read Full Article
    22. Highly accurate measurement of lens surface distances within optical assemblies for quality testing

      Highly accurate measurement of lens surface distances within optical assemblies for quality testing

      In the assembly of multi-component optical systems the precise positioning of every single lens element respectively lens surface is key to reach an optical performance that corresponds to the optical design. Here, in addition to lateral decentering of single elements – such as shift and tilt – the accurate positioning of the optical surfaces along the optical axis is an essential requirement. In this contribution we present the highly accurate determination of lens center thicknesses and air gaps of optical assemblies in a non-contact manner. The measurement technique is based on time-domain low coherent interferometry (also known as A-scan optical coherence tomography ...

      Read Full Article
    23. Pearl Thickness Measurements from Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      Pearl Thickness Measurements from Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      By measuring the thickness of the nacreous layer, pearl optical coherence tomography (OCT) images are now increasingly used in identification and characterization. An approach to automated thickness measurement of pearl OCT image has been reported in this paper. A Total Variational (TV) Model filter has been used to remove noise in images. After the image filtering, edges are detected by self-adaptive Canny operator. In the end we used circle fitting technologies to archive the goal of automated thickness measurement. The experimental results show this approach is accurate and adaptable.

      Read Full Article
    1-24 of 146 1 2 3 4 5 6 »
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks
  2. Popular Articles