1. Articles in category: Other Non-Medical

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    1. Synchronous fingerprint acquisition system based on total internal reflection and optical coherence tomography

      Synchronous fingerprint acquisition system based on total internal reflection and optical coherence tomography

      he research of external fingerprint collected by total internal reflection (TIR) has been carried out for decades and research of internal fingerprint of optical coherence tomography (OCT) has just begun. The internal fingerprint can be hardly affected by the finger surface status, due to its strong anti-interference and anti-spoofing ability, which can serve as a powerful supplement to external fingerprint. However, matching fingerprints acquired by different ways can lead to a drop in fingerprint recognition accuracy owing to the differences in fingerprint quality, distortions and detection areas. Whether the internal fingerprint can be used to replace the external fingerprint for ...

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    2. Robust and high-security fingerprint recognition system using optical coherence tomography

      Robust and high-security fingerprint recognition system using optical coherence tomography

      Traditional fingerprint recognition systems are vulnerable to attacks, such as the use of artificial fingerprints, and poor performance will be achieved if the captured surface fingerprints are of low-quality. Developing high-security and robust fingerprint recognition systems is of increasing concern in modern society. The introduction of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for fingerprint imaging opens up a new research domain for fingerprint recognition due to its ability to capture the depth information of skin layers. This paper proposes a fingerprint recognition system based on OCT. The research first establishes a database with normal, worn-out, artificial and degraded fingerprints imaged by our ...

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    3. 3D-printed corals could improve bioenergy and help coral reefs

      3D-printed corals could improve bioenergy and help coral reefs

      Researchers from Cambridge University and University of California San Diego have 3D printed coral-inspired structures that are capable of growing dense populations of microscopic algae. Their results, reported in the journal Nature Communications , open the door to new bio-inspired materials and their applications for coral conservation. In the ocean, corals and algae have an intricate symbiotic relationship. The coral provides a host for the algae, while the algae produce sugars to the coral through photosynthesis. This relationship is responsible for one of the most diverse and productive ecosystems on Earth, the coral reef. "Corals are highly efficient at collecting and ...

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    4. An open-source robotic platform that enables automated monitoring of replicate biofilm cultivations using optical coherence tomography

      An open-source robotic platform that enables automated monitoring of replicate biofilm cultivations using optical coherence tomography

      The paper introduces a fully automated cultivation and monitoring tool to study biofilm development in replicate experiments operated in parallel. To gain a fundamental understanding of the relation between cultivation conditions and biofilm characteristics (e.g., structural, mechanical) a monitoring setup allowing for the standardization of methods is required. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging modality ideal for biofilms since it allows for the monitoring of structure in real time. By integrating an OCT device into the open-source robotic platform EvoBot, a fully automated monitoring platform for investigating biofilm development in several flow cells at once was realized. Different ...

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    5. Optical coherence tomography imaging of plant root growth in soil

      Optical coherence tomography imaging of plant root growth in soil

      Complex interactions between roots and soil provide the nutrients and physical support required for robust plant growth. Yet, visualizing the root–soil interface is challenged by soil’s opaque scattering characteristics. Herein, we describe methods for using optical coherence tomography (OCT) to provide non-destructive 3D and cross-sectional root imaging not available with traditional bright-field microscopy. OCT is regularly used for bioimaging, especially in ophthalmology, where it can detect retinal abnormalities. Prior use of OCT in plant biology has focused on surface defects of above-ground tissues, predominantly in food crops. Our results show OCT is also viable for detailed, in situ ...

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    6. A Flexible Touch-based Fingerprint Acquisition Device and A Benchmark Database using Optical Coherence Tomography

      A Flexible Touch-based Fingerprint Acquisition Device and A Benchmark Database using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a high resolution imaging technology probing the internal structure of multilayered tissues. Since it provides subsurface fingerprint information which is identical to the surface texture but unaffected by any surface defects, OCT-based fingerprints open up a new domain for establishing robust and high security automatic fingerprint identification systems (AFISs). However, the development of OCT-based fingerprint recognition is hindered by the lack of public OCT-based fingerprint database for algorithm analysis and testing. This paper, for the first time, established an OCT-based fingerprint database with thousands of fingers using our custom-built acquisition device.(The website of this ...

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    7. Integrated terahertz radar based on leaky-wave coherence tomography

      Integrated terahertz radar based on leaky-wave coherence tomography

      Terahertz wave radar offers a higher resolution and smaller aperture compared with microwave radar. However, despite the emergence of terahertz sources and detectors suitable for radar front ends, the integration of a phased-array radar system remains challenging due to the lack of phase shifters and circulators, the basic components for beam steering and input–output isolation. Here we show that leaky-wave coherence tomography, which can integrate a terahertz radar system using a pair of reverse-connected leaky-wave antennas, can be used to implement beam steering and homodyne detection in one package. Our approach can detect direction and range without using phase ...

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    8. Compact and Mobile Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography Sensor for Subsurface Fingerprint Imaging

      Compact and Mobile Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography Sensor for Subsurface Fingerprint Imaging

      Conventional fingerprint sensors that are deployed in real-life applications lack the ability to peer inside a finger beyond the external surface. Subsurface information can provide complimentary biometric characteristics associated with the finger. The subsurface fingerprints can also be employed when the quality of the external/surface fingerprints is affected. One of the most promising technologies for imaging below the surface of an external fingerprint is full-field optical coherent tomography (FF-OCT). However, the FF-OCT can be expensive and cumbersome, despite its proven ability for biometric use. In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of a compact, mobile and cost-effective ...

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    9. Acquisition and Extraction of Surface and Internal Fingerprints from Optical Coherence Tomography through 3D Fully Convolutional Network

      Acquisition and Extraction of Surface and Internal Fingerprints from Optical Coherence Tomography through 3D Fully Convolutional Network

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-destructive, high-resolution, and non-invasive imaging technique that has recently been applied to biometric field for three dimensional (3D) fingertip data acquisition. Fingertip volume data contains the epidermis and part of the dermis layers representing the surface fingerprint and internal fingerprint, respectively. As a 3D and under skin feature, internal fingerprint provides much higher anti-counterfeiting capability compared with traditional 2D fingerprints. Furthermore, it is not affected by fingertip conditions such as wet, worn out (old) and small scars/injuries. However, the extraction of surface and internal fingerprints is challenging due to the speckle noise and ...

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    10. Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography system in the terahertz region

      Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography system in the terahertz region

      In this study, a frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) system in the terahertz frequency range was developed. To generate tunable continuous-wave terahertz radiation, the outputs of two near-infrared external cavity diode lasers were mixed in an antenna-coupled photo-mixer. Using the FD-OCT system, tomographic profiling of the front and back surfaces of a high-resistivity silicon plate was realized.

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      Mentions: Osaka University
    11. Identification of Fungus-infected Tomato Seeds Based on Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography

      Identification of Fungus-infected Tomato Seeds Based on Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography

      The morphological changes of anthracnose (fungus) -infected tomato seeds have been studied to identify the infection and characterize its effect. Full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) has been utilized as a nondestructive but efficient modality for visualizing the effects of fungal infection. The cross-sectional images extracted from a stack of en face FF-OCT images showed significant changes with infection in the seed structure. First of all, the seed coat disappeared with the infection. The thickness of the seed coat of a healthy seed was measured as 28.2 µm, with a standard deviation of 1.2 µm. However, for infected seeds ...

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    12. Investigation of sputtering target re-deposits by Optical Coherence Tomography and Grazing Incident X-ray Diffraction

      Investigation of sputtering target re-deposits by Optical Coherence Tomography and Grazing Incident X-ray Diffraction

      The sputtering target re-deposit grown by cumulative sputtering has been investigated in this work by studying both fresh and rigorously sputtered zirconium oxide target by Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (FDOCT), a depth resolved optical imaging modality. The Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) depth profiles have further been analyzed to extract optical attenuation coefficient of sputtered target surface as well as fresh target surface. Re-deposited sputtered target surface shows larger optical attenuation coefficient in the range of 1.5-4.4 mm −1 as opposed to that of 1.1 mm −1 for fresh ZrO 2 target. The same sputtered target surfaces ...

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      Mentions: K. Divakar Rao
    13. Method to characterize cut gemstones using optical coherence tomography

      Method to characterize cut gemstones using optical coherence tomography

      The invention includes an improvement in a method of assessing a gemstone having at least one planar face with an internally reflecting surface including the steps of optically modifying the at least one planar face of the gemstone to return a sample beam from an internally reflecting plane corresponding to the at least one planar face to an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system; selectively directing the sample beam from an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system onto the gemstone; and generating an OCT image map of the gemstone to determine volume, gem carat weight and/or quality.

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    14. Assessing internal fouling during microfiltration optical coherence tomography and evapoporometry

      Assessing internal fouling during microfiltration optical coherence tomography and evapoporometry

      The internal fouling of membranes is typically presumed and inferred, but the direct characterization of representative samples is challenging. This study targeted to assess internal fouling using the Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Evapoporometry (EP) techniques for real-time monitoring during filtration and off-line measurement of the pore size distributions (PSDs) of the fouled membranes, respectively. The results were validated by atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements and also the three-mechanism fouling model. The foulant used was the well-studied bovine serum albumin (BSA), while the membranes were three commercially available polymeric microfiltration membranes with similar nominal pore sizes and porosities. Although the ...

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    15. Machining head for a laser machining device

      Machining head for a laser machining device

      The invention relates to a machining head for a laser machining device, which is equipped for machining a workpiece (24) using laser radiation (30). The laser machining head comprises an adjustable focusing optical unit (34), which focuses the laser radiation (30) in a focal spot (22). The distance between the focal spot (22) and a machining head can be modified by modifying the focal length of the focusing optical unit (34). A scanning apparatus (44) deflects the laser radiation (30) in different directions. An optical coherence tomography device (48) measures a distance between the treatment head and the workpiece (24 ...

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    16. 3D Fingerprint Gender Classification Using Deep Learning

      3D Fingerprint Gender Classification Using Deep Learning

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a high resolution imaging technology, which provides a 3D representation of the fingertip skin. This paper for the first time investigates gender classification using those 3D fingerprints. Different with current fingerprint gender classification methods, the raw multiple longitudinal( X - Z ) fingertip images of one finger can be applied instead of studying features extracted from fingerprints, and the model can be trained effectively when the training data set is relatively small. Experimental results show that the best accuracy of 80.7% is achieved by classifying left fore finger on a small database with 59 persons. Meanwhile ...

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    17. Electromagnetic analysis for optical coherence tomography based through silicon vias metrology

      Electromagnetic analysis for optical coherence tomography based through silicon vias metrology

      This paper reports on progress in the analysis of time-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) applied to the dimensional metrology of through-silicon vias (TSVs), which are vertical interconnect accesses in silicon, enabling three-dimensional (3D) integration in microelectronics, and estimates the deviations from earlier, simpler models. The considered TSV structures are 1D trenches and circular holes etched into silicon with a large aspect ratio. As a prerequisite for a realistic modeling, we work with spectra obtained from reference interferograms measured at a planar substrate, which fully includes the dispersion of the OCT apparatus. Applying a rigorous modal approach, we estimate the differences ...

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    18. Separation of Overlapping Fingerprints in Multilayered Carrier Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Separation of Overlapping Fingerprints in Multilayered Carrier Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Fingerprints lifted from crime scenes are often overlapped because of multiple impressions of fingers. Current methods to separate overlapping fingerprints are primarily based on algorithms that estimate the orientation field of component prints. However, these methods need human intervention, and the accuracy of the separation may easily be degraded. In this paper, a novel tomographic imaging technique, optical coherence tomography (OCT), was used to separate overlapping fingerprints intuitively and noninvasively. The OCT system was also applied to reveal a hidden blood fingerprint that was completely covered by one layer of nontransparent paint. An additional experiment was conducted using a piece ...

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    19. PHD POSITION – OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ON AGRO-FOOD PRODUCTS

      PHD POSITION – OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ON AGRO-FOOD PRODUCTS

      (ref. BAP-2019-576) The MeBioS group performs groundbreaking research on innovative sensor technologies and the associated data analysis methods to understand and control the quality of products and ongoing processes. The research on sensors mainly focusses on optical sensor systems (spectroscopy, hyperspectral imaging, thermography, smart cameras,…). While the data research involves the optimal design of experiments, chemometrics, process monitoring and control, as well as artificial intelligence and deep learning. OCT/OCM is a challenging new technique for non-destructive 3D imaging of biological tissues, without the need for sample preparation! Project Monitoring living tissues and organisms for an extended period of time ...

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      Mentions: K. U. Leuven
    20. Optical properties of human milk

      Optical properties of human milk

      With human milk being the most important source of infant nutrition, the protection and support of breastfeeding are essential from a global health perspective. Nevertheless, relatively few objective methods are available to investigate human milk composition and lactation physiology when a mother experiences breastfeeding problems. We argue that optics and photonics offer promising opportunities for this purpose. Any research activity within this new application field starts with a thorough understanding on how light interacts with human milk. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the full set of optical properties for human milk and the biological variability therein ...

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    21. Optical coherence tomography in forensic sciences: a review of the literature

      Optical coherence tomography in forensic sciences: a review of the literature

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an interferometric imaging technique that has revolutionized clinical ophthalmology since the first half of the 1990’s. Despite this approach being successfully employed in ophthalmology and having great potential in forensic cases, its use in different forensic fields appears to be quite limited. In this review we reviewed the scientific literature regarding the application of OCT in forensic science and legal medicine from 1995 to 2019. Our research showed the usefulness of this approach for the study of coronary injuries, postmortem ocular changes, forensic entomology, and several other applications of specific forensic interest (the study ...

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    22. Subsurface and Layer Intertwined Template Protection Using Inherent Properties of Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography Fingerprint Imaging

      Subsurface and Layer Intertwined Template Protection Using Inherent Properties of Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography Fingerprint Imaging

      The emergence of Full Field-Optical Coherence Tomography (FF-OCT) for fingerprint imaging has shown it’s ability in addressing and solving the drawbacks of traditional fingerprinting solutions such as spoofing attacks, low accuracy for abraded fingerprint. With the availability of multiple internal fingerprints (from subsurface captured at different depths), it is also essential to consider the aspects of ideal biometrics where the privacy of the fingerprint data is preserved. In this work, we propose a new framework for fingerprint template protection, highly customized to FF-OCT by exploring the interplay between subsurface. As a first of it’s kind work attempting template ...

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    23. NinePoint Medical Announces Publication of 1000 Patient Registry Study

      NinePoint Medical Announces Publication of 1000 Patient Registry Study

      NinePoint Medical, Inc, a transformative medical device company pioneering the use of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for gastrointestinal applications, today announced the publication of their 1000 patient Volumetric Laser Endomicroscopy (VLE) Registry study focused on Barrett’s Esophagus. The 18 site study, published in Diseases of the Esophagus , enrolled 1000 patients between 2014 and 2016 for imaging using the NvisionVLE® Imaging System. The study was designed to determine usage patterns of VLE in clinical practice and to estimate quantitative and qualitative performance metrics, with this publication focused on Barrett’s Esophagus. All enrolled patients were examined with standard upper endoscopy ...

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