1. Articles in category: Dentistry

    1-24 of 362 1 2 3 4 ... 13 14 15 »
    1. Validation of Optical Coherence Tomography against Micro-computed Tomography for Evaluation of Remaining Coronal Dentin Thickness

      Validation of Optical Coherence Tomography against Micro-computed Tomography for Evaluation of Remaining Coronal Dentin Thickness

      Introduction Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive modality to obtain in-depth images of biological structures. A dental OCT system has become available for chairside application. This in vitro study hypothesized that swept-source OCT can be used to measure the remaining dentin thickness (RDT) at the roof of the dental pulp chamber during excavation of deep caries. Methods Human molar teeth with deep occlusal caries were investigated. After obtaining 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional OCT scans using a swept-source OCT system at a 1330-nm center wavelength, RDT was evaluated by image analysis software. Microfocus x-ray computed tomographic (micro-CT) images were obtained from ...

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    2. Novel digital imaging techniques to assess the outcome in oral rehabilitation with dental implants: a narrative review

      Novel digital imaging techniques to assess the outcome in oral rehabilitation with dental implants: a narrative review

      Aim To examine the literature on novel digital imaging techniques for the assessment of outcomes in oral rehabilitation with dental implants. Material and methods An electronic search of Medline and Embase databases including studies published prior to 28th December 2014 was performed and supplemented by a manual search. A synthesis of the publications was presented describing the use of computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasonography, optical scanning, spectrophotometry or optical coherence tomography (OCT) related to the outcome measures in implant therapy. Results and conclusions Most of the digital imaging techniques have not yet sufficiently been validated to be ...

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    3. Noninvasive Quantitative Evaluation of the Dentin Layer during Dental Procedures Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Noninvasive Quantitative Evaluation of the Dentin Layer during Dental Procedures Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      A routine cavity preparation of a tooth may lead to opening the pulp chamber. The present study evaluates quantitatively, in real time, for the first time to the best of our knowledge, the drilled cavities during dental procedures. An established noninvasive imaging technique, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), is used. The main scope is to prevent accidental openings of the dental pulp chamber. Six teeth with dental cavities have been used in this ex vivo study. The real time assessment of the distances between the bottom of the drilled cavities and the top of the pulp chamber was performed using an ...

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    4. Validation of Optical Coherence Tomography against Micro–computed Tomography for Evaluation of Remaining Coronal Dentin Thickness

      Validation of Optical Coherence Tomography against Micro–computed Tomography for Evaluation of Remaining Coronal Dentin Thickness

      Introduction Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive modality to obtain in-depth images of biological structures. A dental OCT system has become available for chairside application. This in vitro study hypothesized that swept-source OCT can be used to measure the remaining dentin thickness (RDT) at the roof of the dental pulp chamber during excavation of deep caries. Methods Human molar teeth with deep occlusal caries were investigated. After obtaining 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional OCT scans using a swept-source OCT system at a 1330-nm center wavelength, RDT was evaluated by image analysis software. Microfocus x-ray computed tomographic (micro-CT) images were obtained from ...

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    5. In vitro near-infrared imaging of natural secondary caries

      In vitro near-infrared imaging of natural secondary caries

      Secondary caries stands as the leading reason for the failure of composite restorations and dentists spend more time replacing existing restorations than placing new ones. Current clinical strategies, and even modern visible light methods designed to detect decay, lack the sensitivity to distinguish incipient lesions, are confounded by staining on the surface and within the tooth, or are limited to detecting decay on the tooth surface. Near-IR (NIR) imaging methods, such as NIR reflectance and transillumination imaging, and optical coherence tomography are promising strategies for imaging secondary caries. Wavelengths longer than 1300-nm avoid interference from stain and exploit the greater ...

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    6. Selective removal of demineralized enamel using a CO2 laser coupled with near-IR reflectance imaging

      Selective removal of demineralized enamel using a CO2 laser coupled with near-IR reflectance imaging

      Detection and diagnosis of early dental caries lesions can be difficult due to variable tooth coloration, staining of the teeth and poor contrast between sound and demineralized enamel. These problems can be overcome by using near-infrared (NIR) imaging. Previous studies have demonstrated that lasers can be integrated with NIR imaging devices, allowing image-guided ablation. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that NIR light at 1500 – 1700 nm can be used to guide a 9.3-μm CO 2 laser for the selective ablation of early demineralization on tooth occlusal surfaces. The occlusal surfaces of ten sound human molars ...

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    7. Enhanced detection of dentinal lesions in OCT images using the RKT transformation

      Enhanced detection of dentinal lesions in OCT images using the RKT transformation

      Several studies have shown that optical coherence tomography (OCT) can be used to measure the remaining enamel thickness and detect the location of subsurface lesions hidden under the sound enamel. The purpose of this study was to develop algorithms to enhance the visibility of subsurface structures such as hidden occlusal lesions and the dentinal-enamel junction. Extracted teeth with natural occlusal lesions were imaged with OCT with and without added high index fluids. A Rotating Kernel Transformation (RKT) nonlinear image processing filter was applied to PS-OCT images to enhance the visibility of the subsurface lesions under the sound enamel. The filter ...

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    8. Imaging of 3D Tissue-Engineered Models of Oral Cancer Using 890 and 1300 nm Optical Coherence Tomography

      Imaging of 3D Tissue-Engineered Models of Oral Cancer Using 890 and 1300 nm Optical Coherence Tomography

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) generates its primary form of contrast from elastic backscatter. It is now the gold standard technique for retinal screening and is emerging rapidly in cardiovascular research however it remains a research goal to establish it to the same degree in epithelial cancer detection and diagnosis. In this report we compare two different OCT systems: an 890 nm spectrometer-based OCT system with 2.5 µm axial resolution and a 1300 nm swept-source OCT system with 7.5 µm axial resolution to determine the effect of these different OCT parameters on the endogenous backscatter contrast of dysplastic/malignant ...

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    9. Optical Coherence Tomography for Non-Invasive ex vivo Investigations in Dental Medicine — a Joint Group Experience (Review)

      Optical Coherence Tomography for Non-Invasive ex vivo Investigations in Dental Medicine — a Joint Group Experience (Review)

      This review emphasizes the current knowledge related to optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a non-invasive diagnostic tool to perform ex vivo and showing great potential for in vivo structural imaging of features in the oral cavity. OCT technology can generate high-resolution cross-sectional and en-face images of the internal architecture of the investigated sample (2–3 mm in depth). To this goal, en-face time domain OCT (TD-OCT) and spectral domain OCT (SD-OCT) were employed. Topics included in this review refer to OCT non-destructive evaluations of: dental abfraction and attrition, material defects and micro-leakages at the tooth-filling interface, temporal-mandibular joint disc, quality ...

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    10. Non-Invasive Periodontal Probing Through Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Non-Invasive Periodontal Probing Through Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Background: Periodontitis is a multifatorial and infectious disease that may result in significant debilitation. The aim of this study was to exploit two optical coherence tomography (OCT) systems operating in the Fourier Domain and different wavelengths, 930 nm and 1325 nm, for structural analysis of periodontal tissue in porcine jaws. Methods: Five fresh porcine jaws were sectioned and stored in formalin before OCT analysis. 2D and 3D OCT images of tooth/gingiva interface were performed, and measurements of the gingival structures could be obtained. The 930 nm OCT system operates in the Spectral Domain , whilst the 1325 nm one is ...

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    11. National Research Council of Canada Receives NIH Grant for Validating OCT and Raman Spectrosopy for Assessment of Tooth De/Remineralization

      National Research Council of Canada Receives NIH Grant for Validating OCT and Raman Spectrosopy for Assessment of Tooth De/Remineralization

      National Research Council of Canada Receives NIH Grant for $208,382 for Validating OCT and Raman Spectrosopy for Assessment of Tooth De/Remineralization. The principal investigator is Michale Sowa. The program began in 2006 and ends in 2017. Below is a summary of the proposed work. Dental caries continues to be prevalent in children and youth, with significant oral health disparities existing in some population groups. This disease arises when the balance between pathological factors (e.g. cariogenic bacteria) and protective factors (e.g. saliva flow) is tipped in favour of demineralization. The prevalence of caries suggests that the disease ...

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    12. Application of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for Diagnosis of Caries, Cracks, and Defects of Restorations

      Application of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for Diagnosis of Caries, Cracks, and Defects of Restorations

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive technique providing cross-sectional images of a tooth structure. This review describes the use of OCT for detecting dental caries, tooth fractures, and interfacial gaps in intraoral restorations. OCT can be a reliable and an accurate method and a safer alternative to X-ray radiography.

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    13. Evaluation of penetration effect of resin infiltrant using optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of penetration effect of resin infiltrant using optical coherence tomography

      Objective The aims of this in vitro study were to investigate whether optical coherence tomography (OCT) could analyze infiltration of resin infiltrant (RI) into early dental caries (EC), and to confirm the correlation between the results of OCT and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) for evaluation of RI infiltration into EC. Methods Sound bovine permanent teeth were used to produce sixty specimens by making two windows on the teeth. Each 20 specimens were demineralized for 20, 30, and 40 days, and the RI was treated on one of the windows. As a result, the images of the fifty two specimens ...

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    14. MicroCT and optical coherence tomography imagistic assessment of the dental roots adhesive

      MicroCT and optical coherence tomography imagistic assessment of the dental roots adhesive

      Several obturation methods are available today to study the 3D filling of the root canal. There are also several methods capable to evaluate the ability to seal apically the root canals. However, the common methods of investigation are invasive; they also lead to the destruction of the samples. If the sectioning differs slightly from the desired area, the investigation is non-conclusive regarding the micro-leakages. Also, although the use of Cone-Beam Micro Computer Tomography (CBCT) appears to be most promising for endodontic purposes, its effective radiation doses are higher than with conventional intra-oral and panoramic imaging. In contrast, enface (ef) Optical ...

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    15. Application of swept-source optical coherent tomography to caries diagnosis

      Application of swept-source optical coherent tomography to caries diagnosis

      Swept-source optical coherence tomography(SS-OCT) is a new imaging technology using optical light with the wavelengths around 1300nm. The SS-OCT provides us the 3 dimensional image with much higher resolution than dental X-ray. The extent of caries lesion is very clearly observed in the obtained image. The purposes of this article is to introduce the recent research on the SS-OCT imaging of tooth and to discuss the possibility of clinical application of the SS-OCT for diagnosing occlusal caries, inter-proximal caries, recurrent caries, root caries, cracks, and monitoring the early caries lesion.

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    16. Surface pre-conditioning with bioactive glass air-abrasion can enhance enamel white spot lesion remineralization

      Surface pre-conditioning with bioactive glass air-abrasion can enhance enamel white spot lesion remineralization

      Objective To evaluate the effect of pre-conditioning enamel white spot lesion (WSL) surfaces using bioactive glass (BAG) air-abrasion prior to remineralization therapy. Methods Ninety human enamel samples with artificial WSLs were assigned to three WSL surface pre-conditioning groups ( n = 30): (a) air-abrasion with BAG-polyacrylic acid (PAA-BAG) powder, (b) acid-etching using 37% phosphoric acid gel (positive control) and (c) unconditioned (negative control). Each group was further divided into three subgroups according to the following remineralization therapy ( n = 10): (I) BAG paste (36 wt.% BAG), (II) BAG slurry (100 wt.% BAG) and (III) de-ionized water (negative control). The average surface roughness and ...

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    17. Automated detection of dentinal lesions in OCT images using the RKT transformation

      Automated detection of dentinal lesions in OCT images using the RKT transformation

      Several studies have shown that optical coherence tomography (OCT) can be used to measure the remaining enamel thickness and detect the location of subsurface lesions hidden under the sound enamel. The purpose of this study was to develop algorithms to enhance the visibility of subsurface structures such as hidden occlusal lesions and the dentinal-enamel junction. Extracted teeth with natural occlusal lesions were imaged with OCT with and without added high index fluids. A Rotating Kernel Transformation (RKT) nonlinear image processing filter was applied to PS-OCT images to enhance the visibility of the subsurface lesions under the sound enamel. The filter ...

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    18. Apices of maxillary premolars observed by swept source optical coherence tomography

      Apices of maxillary premolars observed by swept source optical coherence tomography

      Apicoectomy is performed for the management of apical periodontitis when orthograde root canal treatment is not possible or is ineffective. Prior to the surgery, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) examination is often performed to evaluate the lesion and the adjacent tissues. During the surgical procedure, the root apex is resected and the resected surface is usually observed under dental operating microscope (DOM). However, it is difficult to evaluate the details and the subsurface structure of the root using CBCT and DOM. A new diagnostic system, swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), has been developed to observe the subsurface anatomical structure ...

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    19. Observation of the pulp horn by swept source optical coherence tomography and cone beam computed tomography

      Observation of the pulp horn by swept source optical coherence tomography and cone beam computed tomography

      Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is one of the most useful diagnostic techniques in dentistry but it involves ionizing radiation, while swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) has been introduced recently as a nondestructive, real-time, high resolution imaging technique using low-coherence interferometry, which involves no ionizing radiation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of SS-OCT to detect the pulp horn (PH) in comparison with that of CBCT. Ten extracted human mandibular molars were used. After horizontally removing a half of the tooth crown, the distance from the cut dentin surface to PH was measured using microfocus computed ...

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    20. Assessment of defects at tooth/self-adhering flowable composite interface using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT)

      Assessment of defects at tooth/self-adhering flowable composite interface using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT)

      Abstract Objectives Assessment of adhesive defects of a self-etch adhesive and a self-adhering flowable composite at the tooth/composite interface before and after water storage by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods 16 extracted human molars ( n = 8 each) with box-shaped, class-V cavities were restored either with an experimental self-adhering flowable composite (EF, DMG) or with the filling system Adper™ Prompt™ L-Pop™/Filtek™ Supreme XT Flowable composite (PLP, 3M ESPE). Restorations of both groups were non-invasively imaged using swept-source OCT before and after storage in water. The OCT signal for adhesive defects at the tooth/composite interface was quantified. Results At ...

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    21. Sensing of Tooth Microleakage Based on Dental Optical Coherence Tomography

      Sensing of Tooth Microleakage Based on Dental Optical Coherence Tomography

      This study describes microleakage sensing based on swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). With a handheld scanning probe, the SS-OCT system can provide portable real-time imaging for clinical diagnosis. Radiography is the traditional clinical imaging instrument used for dentistry; however, it does not provide good contrast images between filling material and the enamel of treated teeth with microleakage. The results of this study show that microleakage can be detected with oral probing using SS-OCT in vivo . The calculated microleakage length was 401  μ m and the width is 148  μ m, which is consistent with the related histological biopsy measurements. The diagnosis of ...

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    22. Assessment of natural enamel lesions with optical coherence tomography in comparison with microfocus x-ray computed tomography

      Assessment of natural enamel lesions with optical coherence tomography in comparison with microfocus x-ray computed tomography

      A technology to characterize early enamel lesions is needed in dentistry. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive method that provides high-resolution cross-sectional images. The aim of this study is to compare OCT with microfocus x-ray computed tomography ( μ CT ) for assessment of natural enamel lesions in vitro . Ten human teeth with visible white spot-like changes on the enamel smooth surface and no cavitation (ICDAS code 2) were subjected to imaging by μCT (SMX-100CT, Shimadzu) and 1300-nm swept-source OCT (Dental SS-OCT, Panasonic Health Care). In μ CT , the lesions appeared as radiolucent dark areas, while in SS-OCT, they appeared as areas of ...

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    23. Optical coherence tomography for evaluation of enamel and protective coatings

      Optical coherence tomography for evaluation of enamel and protective coatings

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an interferometric imaging technique. This study aimed to employ OCT to evaluate four different resin-based materials including a coating containing glass-ionomer filler and calcium, a giomer, and two fluoride-releasing self-etch resins. The coating and its underlying and adjacent enamel were monitored using swept-source OCT (center wavelength: 1330 nm) at baseline, after 5,000 thermal cycles, and after 1, 4 and 7 days of demineralization (pH 4.5). The coatings showed different thicknesses (60–250 micrometers) and various levels of structural and interfacial integrity. OCT could detect a demineralization inhibition zone adjacent to the edge of ...

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    24. Failure analysis of adhesive restorations with SEM and OCT: from marginal gaps to restoration loss

      Failure analysis of adhesive restorations with SEM and OCT: from marginal gaps to restoration loss

      Objective The objective of this study was to analyse the failure mode of adhesive interfaces by comparing OCT and scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of class V restoration margins located on enamel and dentin. Materials and methods Three groups were tested that differed in the application of a 3-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system (OptiBond FL) prior to cavity filling with restorative composite resin (Clearfil AP-X). After tooth restoration and polishing, the samples were loaded in a fatigue machine, and adhesive interfaces were evaluated with OCT and SEM. Results Important and complementary information could be obtained with OCT analysis in respect to ...

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    1-24 of 362 1 2 3 4 ... 13 14 15 »
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