1. Articles in category: Dentistry

    1-24 of 540 1 2 3 4 ... 21 22 23 »
    1. Dental Diagnosis and Treatment Assessments: Between X-rays Radiography and Optical Coherence Tomography

      Dental Diagnosis and Treatment Assessments: Between X-rays Radiography and Optical Coherence Tomography

      A correct diagnosis in dental medicine is typically provided only after clinical and radiological evaluations. They are also required for treatment assessments. The aim of this study is to establish the boundaries from which a modern, although established, imaging technique, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), is more suitable than the common X-ray radiography to assess dental issues and treatments. The most common methods for daily-basis clinical imaging are utilized in this study for extracted teeth (but also for other dental samples and materials), i.e., panoramic, intraoral radiography, and three-dimensional (3D) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The advantages of using OCT ...

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    2. Diagnosis of Occlusal Tooth Wear Using 3D Imaging of Optical Coherence Tomography Ex Vivo

      Diagnosis of Occlusal Tooth Wear Using 3D Imaging of Optical Coherence Tomography Ex Vivo

      The aim of this study was to assess the utility of 3D imaging of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the diagnosis of occlusal tooth wear ex vivo. Sixty-three extracted human molars with or without visible tooth wear were collected to take digital intraoral radiography and 3D OCT images. The degree of tooth wear was evaluated by 12 examiners and scored using 4-rank scale: 1—slight enamel wear; 2—distinct enamel wear; 3—tooth wear with slight dentin exposure; 4—tooth wear with distinct involvement of dentin. The degree of tooth wear was validated by the histological view of confocal laser ...

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    3. An Intraoral OCT Probe to Enhanced Detection of Approximal Carious Lesions and Assessment of Restorations

      An Intraoral OCT Probe to Enhanced Detection of Approximal Carious Lesions and Assessment of Restorations

      Caries, the world’s most common chronic disease, remains a major cause of invasive restorative dental treatment. To take advantage of the diagnostic potential of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in contemporary dental prevention and treatment, an intraorally applicable spectral-domain OCT probe has been developed based on an OCT hand-held scanner equipped with a rigid 90°-optics endoscope. The probe was verified in vitro. In vivo, all tooth surfaces could be imaged with the OCT probe, except the vestibular surfaces of third molars and the proximal surface sections of molars within a "blind spot" at a distance greater than 2.5 ...

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    4. Optical interference tomographic image generating apparatus and method for using same

      Optical interference tomographic image generating apparatus and method for using same

      Provided are an optical interference tomographic image generating apparatus and a method for using the same, whereby an image can be acquired in which the effect of unnecessary matter near a sample is reduced. An optical interference tomographic image generating apparatus is provided with an OCT control device for performing image processing for vertically inverting an image generated from a detection signal in the case of a setting whereby a reference mirror is disposed so that the optical path length of a reference optical path matches the optical path length of a sample optical path having as a reference position ...

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    5. Evaluation of dental caries, tooth crack, and age-related changes in tooth structure using optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of dental caries, tooth crack, and age-related changes in tooth structure using optical coherence tomography

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging technique that can visualize the internal biological structure without X-ray exposure. Swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) is one of the latest version of OCT, wherein the light source is a tunable laser that sweeps near-infrared wavelength light to achieve real-time imaging. The imaging depth of OCT is highly influenced by the translucency of the medium. The medium that does not transmit light and the deeper structure beyond the range of light penetration depth are not relevant for OCT imaging. In OCT, sound enamel is almost transparent at the OCT wavelength range, and enamel and dentin ...

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    6. Interfacial Evaluation of CAD/CAM Resin Inlays on the Cavity Floor Using Swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Interfacial Evaluation of CAD/CAM Resin Inlays on the Cavity Floor Using Swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose: The first objective of this study was to determine whether the luting material used for computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacture resin nanoceramic inlays affected interfacial adaptation. The second objective was to investigate whether application of a universal dentin adhesive before cementation affected interfacial adaptation. The final objective was to compare the inlay-side and dentin-side interfaces in the cement space. Methods and Materials: Seventy-four class I cavities were prepared on extracted human third molars. Cavities were optically scanned, and resin nanoceramic inlays were milled using Lava Ultimate blocks (3M ESPE). For the control groups, the fabricated inlays were cemented using ...

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    7. Biomimetic remineralization of artificial caries dentin lesion using Ca/P-PILP

      Biomimetic remineralization of artificial caries dentin lesion using Ca/P-PILP

      Objective To assess the ultrastructural change of demineralized dentin collagen during calcium phosphate polymer-induced liquid precursor (Ca/P-PILP) mediated remineralization process and to evaluate the biomimetic remineralization potential of high concentration Ca/P-PILP at demineralized artificial caries dentin lesion, additionally to investigate the bond interfacial integrity as well as the bonding strength of the biomimetic remineralized artificial caries dentin lesion. Methods Demineralized dentin collagen of 5 μm thick was biomimetically remineralized with low, medium concentration Ca/P-PILP for 10 days and high concentration Ca/P-PILP for 10, 15, 20 days. Artificial caries dentin lesion at a thickness of 150 ± 50 ...

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    8. Morphological, optical, and elemental analysis of dental enamel after debonding laminate veneer with Er,Cr:YSGG laser: A pilot study

      Morphological, optical, and elemental analysis of dental enamel after debonding laminate veneer with Er,Cr:YSGG laser: A pilot study

      Laminate veneer removal is becoming a routine procedure at the dental clinic and the use of laser can facilitate its removal. This work aimed to evaluate the morphological, elemental, and optical changes in the remaining enamel after veneer removal using Er,Cr:YSGG laser. Forty‐four enamel slabs were prepared and randomly distributed into nine experimental groups, for bonding using lithium disilicate laminates with three different luting agents (Variolink Veneer, RelyX U200, and RelyX Veneer). Then each agent was debonded using Er,Cr:YSGG laser (2.78 μm) using two different protocols:3.5 W, 48.14 J/cm 2 ...

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    9. 3D imaging of proximal caries in posterior teeth using optical coherence tomography

      3D imaging of proximal caries in posterior teeth using optical coherence tomography

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can create cross-sectional images of tooth without X-ray exposure. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of 3D imaging of OCT for proximal caries in posterior teeth. Thirty-six human molar teeth with 51 proximal surfaces visibly 6 intact, 16 slightly demineralized, and 29 distinct carious changes were mounted to take digital radiographs and 3D OCT images. The sensitivity, specificity and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for the diagnosis of enamel caries and dentin caries were calculated to quantify the diagnostic ability of 3D OCT in comparison with digital radiography. Diagnostic accuracy was ...

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    10. Monitoring fatigue damage in different CAD/CAM materials: A new approach with optical coherence tomography.

      Monitoring fatigue damage in different CAD/CAM materials: A new approach with optical coherence tomography.

      Purpose: To investigate fatigue damage over time, monolithic posterior computer-aided-designed/computer-aided-manufactured (CAD/CAM) crowns were artificially aged in a mouth-motion-simulator, and damage was monitored with optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Forty-eight crowns were milled of six different CAD/CAM-materials (n=8), including 3Y-TZP (Lava Plus,‘3Y’), 4Y-PSZ (Pritidentamultidisc,‘4Y’), 5Y-PSZ (Prettauanterior,‘5Y’), zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (CeltraDuo,‘ZLS’), hybrid ceramic (Vita Enamic,‘VE’),and resin composite (BrilliantCrios,‘COM’), and were adhesively luted on CAD/CAM-milled human molars. Specimens were artificially aged in a mouth-motion-simulator (50-500N, 2Hz, 37°C) for a period of 1 million cycles. Before loading and every 250,000 ...

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    11. Influence of tissue fixation on depth-resolved birefringence of oral cavity tissue samples

      Influence of tissue fixation on depth-resolved birefringence of oral cavity tissue samples

      Significance: To advance our understanding of the contrast observed when imaging with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) and its correlation with oral cancerous pathologies, a detailed comparison with histology provided via ex vivo fixed tissue is required. The effects of tissue fixation, however, on such polarization-based contrast have not yet been investigated. Aim: A study was performed to assess the impact of tissue fixation on depth-resolved (i.e., local) birefringence measured with PS-OCT. Approach: A PS-OCT system based on depth-encoded polarization multiplexing and polarization-diverse detection was used to measure the Jones matrix of a sample. A wide variety of ex ...

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    12. Sorptivity of water in enamel for categorizing caries lesions

      Sorptivity of water in enamel for categorizing caries lesions

      Objective The aim of this research was to determine the association between sorptivity of water and the state of mineralization in carious enamel of different stages of severity. Methods As a preliminary work, water droplets of 1.5 μL were placed on the surfaces of hydroxyapatite (HA) discs of different densities. The water droplet profile was dynamically recorded every second over a period of 10 s using a contact angle meter to determine the relationship between sorptivity and density. To measure and calculate sorptivity on enamel surfaces, varnish was painted on the labial surface of 96 extracted caries-free human teeth ...

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    13. University of California at San Francisco Receives NIH Grant for Infrared Methods for Lesion Activity Assessment

      University of California at San Francisco Receives NIH Grant for Infrared Methods for Lesion Activity Assessment

      University of California at San Francisco Receives a 2020 NIH Grant for $45,564 for Infrared Methods for Lesion Activity Assessment. The principal investigator is Nai-Yaun Chang. Below is a summary of the proposed work. The overall objective of this proposed research is to develop methods for the clinical assessment of lesion structure and activity. Improved imaging technologies employing non-ionizing radiation will significantly improve caries diagnosis and management. It is not sufficient to simply detect carious lesions, methods are needed to assess the activity of the lesion and determine if chemical intervention is needed. The central hypothesis underlying this proposal ...

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    14. Fracture resistance of extensive bulk-fill composite restorations after selective caries removal

      Fracture resistance of extensive bulk-fill composite restorations after selective caries removal

      This study evaluated the effect of selective carious tissue removal on the fracture strength and failure mode of composite restorations in molars presenting only the buccal cusps. Deep cavities were prepared on the occlusal surface, and the lingual cusps were removed. Carious lesions in the middle of the pulpal wall were artificially induced with acetic acid (pH = 4.5) for 35 days. The demineralized dentin was left intact or was completely removed prior to restoration with a bulk-fill composite (n = 10). Images of the specimens were obtained by optical coherence tomography (OCT) before and after the caries induction/removal. The ...

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    15. Diagnostic Accuracy of 870-nm Spectral-Domain OCT with Enhanced Depth Imaging for the Detection of Caries beneath Ceramics

      Diagnostic Accuracy of 870-nm Spectral-Domain OCT with Enhanced Depth Imaging for the Detection of Caries beneath Ceramics

      Abstract Objectives To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the non-invasive detection of caries adjacent to ceramic materials. Methods Disks made from five ceramic materials (hybrid ceramic, feldspathic ceramic, zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate, lithium disilicate, and high-translucent zirconia) were ground to the recommended material thickness for single crown restorations and laminated with a 100 µm thick layer of one of three adhesive cements. The disks were fixed to extracted human molars with or without carious lesions of one of three standardized sizes. A total of 240 stacks of cross-sectional scans obtained using an 870-nm SD-OCT with enhanced ...

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    16. Fabrication of Dental Crown by Optical Coherence Tomography: A Pilot Study

      Fabrication of Dental Crown by Optical Coherence Tomography: A Pilot Study

      Digital impressions have been studied for better gingival retraction in including the under subgingival finish line condition. Here, we employed swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) of 1310 nm wavelength, which is capable of noninvasive, high-resolution, and high-speed, to discern the utilization-possibility for supporting the fabrication of the dental crown. A three-dimensional (3D) abutment was used at the 0.5 mm of the subgingival finish line below the level of the gingiva. The SS-OCT system scanned a field of view of 10 mm × 10 mm using the 3D working model by the depth-directional three focal points. The obtained 1500 images of ...

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    17. OCT evaluation of orthodontic surface sealants: a 12-month follow-up randomized clinical trial

      OCT evaluation of orthodontic surface sealants: a 12-month follow-up randomized clinical trial

      Objectives The aim of this single-center randomized controlled trial (NCT03753256) was to assess orthodontic surface sealant layer thickness and integrity in vivo during a 12-month follow-up by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Materials and methods Using a split-mouth design, quadrants of 20 patients treated with fixed orthodontic appliances were included. Quadrants were randomly assigned to the sealants Pro Seal® (PS) or Opal® Seal™ (OS). OCT scans were performed immediately after the application of the sealants and after 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Sealant layer thicknesses and their integrity were determined at 5 regions of interest (ROIs) known for high risks ...

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    18. Assessment of the Inner Surface Roughness of 3D Printed Dental Crowns via Optical Coherence Tomography Using a Roughness Quantification Algorithm

      Assessment of the Inner Surface Roughness of 3D Printed Dental Crowns via Optical Coherence Tomography Using a Roughness Quantification Algorithm

      Abstract: Dental crowns are used to restore decayed or chipped teeth, where their surfaces play a key role in this restoration process, as they affect the fitting and stable bonding of the prostheses. The surface texture of crowns can interfere with this restoration process, therefore the measurement of their inner surface roughness is very important but difficult to achieve using conventional imaging methods. In this study, the inner surfaces of dental crowns were three-dimensionally (3D) visualized using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) system. Nine crowns were fabricated with a commercial 3D printer using three different hatching methods (one-way, cross, and ...

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    19. Comparative evaluation of interfacial gaps at the dentin-restorative interface using different bulk fill composites through optical coherence tomography

      Comparative evaluation of interfacial gaps at the dentin-restorative interface using different bulk fill composites through optical coherence tomography

      ABSTRACT: The main problem faced by composites is polymerization shrinkage and stresses which depends on multiple factors such as the configuration factor, composition of resin composites, material properties, various incremental placement techniques and different modes of curing. The aim of this in-vitro study was to evaluate interfacial gaps at dentin- restorative interface with different Bulk-fill composites using a new non-invasive technique, optical coherence tomography (OCT). Our null hypothesis was that there would be no difference in marginal adaptation to the cavity floor between different bulk fill resin composites.

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    20. IDENTIFICATION OF CARIOUS LESIONS IN ENAMEL USING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      IDENTIFICATION OF CARIOUS LESIONS IN ENAMEL USING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

      The aim of this research was to asses wether OCT could be used for early detection of carious/ demineralised lesions in enamel. If application of Optical coherence tomography (OCT) could be used in early, chair-side detection of caries and therefore initiate the prompt treatment strategies required. 10 extracted teeth were selected with no visible carious lesion. All teeth were scanned using Xray Microtomography (XMT). Four teeth were found with areas of demineralisation which were not visible to the naked eye. The same lesions were then scanned using OCT. SAM software was used to analyse the depth of penetration. OCTview software ...

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    21. Detection of Artificial Tooth Cracks based on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Detection of Artificial Tooth Cracks based on Optical Coherence Tomography

      Due to the hidden symptoms of the tooth cracks, the existing imaging technologies have problems of insufficient resolution and inaccurate detection. In this paper, a swept-source OCT system is designed, which is suitable for the full crown scanning of different kinds of teeth. And the artificial tooth-cracked model is prepared by the temperature difference method, the tooth cracks tomographic images of incisors, premolars and molars under different preparation conditions were obtained by the swept-source OCT. The experimental results show that the swept-source OCT system can image different grades of tooth cracks and monitor the progress of cracks. At the same ...

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    22. Effect of Pretreatment and Activation Mode on the Interfacial Adaptation of Nanoceramic Resin Inlay and Self-adhesive Resin Cementv

      Effect of Pretreatment and Activation Mode on the Interfacial Adaptation of Nanoceramic Resin Inlay and Self-adhesive Resin Cementv

      Objectives The first objective of this study was to determine if the luting material used for resin nanoceramic inlay affects interfacial adaptation. The second was to investigate whether pretreatment and the adhesive curing method before cementation affects interfacial adaptation. The final objective was to compare activation modes of luting material. Methods Class I cavities were prepared on extracted human third molars. Resin nanoceramic inlays were fabricated using Lava Ultimate CAD/CAM block (3 M). For the control groups, inlays were cemented using Panavia V5 (Kuraray Noritake). For the experimental groups, teeth were randomly divided into five experimental groups with four ...

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    23. Evaluation of Neurodegenerative and Inflammatory Processes in Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Evaluation of Neurodegenerative and Inflammatory Processes in Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Introduction: Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) is a process with systemic effects rather than local effects. The purpose of this study is to examine the retinal layer structure using optical coherence tomography (OCT) method in order to detect possible degenerative and inflammatory process in patients with TMD. Material and Methods: 35 healthy controls and 34 TMD patients were evaluated bilaterally in this study. The retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL) and choroidal thickness were analyzed using OCT. Results: When TMD patients were compared with healthy controls, GCL and IPL volumes and RNFL thickness decreased ...

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    24. Correlation between Lesion Progression and Depolarization Assessed by Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography

      Correlation between Lesion Progression and Depolarization Assessed by Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography

      The detection of early stages of caries is still one of the major challenges in preservative dentistry. Since it is known from polarized light microscopy (PLM) that intrinsic enamel birefringence is affected by demineralization, polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PSOCT) could facilitate the noninvasive detection and assessment of early carious lesions. The present study aims to correlate enamel lesion progression and depolarization measurements based on PSOCT in an artificial demineralization model. A total of 18 enamel slabs were prepared from bovine incisor teeth and demineralized in an acetic buffer solution for up to 49 days. The degree of polarization (DOP)—indicating ...

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