1. Articles in category: Dentistry

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    1. Near-IR image-guided laser ablation of demineralization on tooth occlusal surfaces

      Near-IR image-guided laser ablation of demineralization on tooth occlusal surfaces

      Introduction Studies have shown that reflectance images at near-IR wavelengths coincident with higher water absorption are well-suited for image-guided laser ablation of carious lesions since the contrast between sound and demineralized enamel is extremely high and interference from stains is minimized. The objective of this study was to demonstrate that near-IR reflectance images taken at a wavelength range of 1,500–1,700 nm can be used to guide a 9.3 μm CO 2 laser for the selective ablation of early demineralization on tooth occlusal surfaces. Methods The occlusal surfaces of ten sound human molars were used in this ...

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    2. Effectiveness of fluoride sealant in the prevention of carious lesions around orthodontic brackets: an OCT evaluation

      Effectiveness of fluoride sealant in the prevention of carious lesions around orthodontic brackets: an OCT evaluation

      Objective: This article aimed to evaluate in vitro the efficiency of Pro Seal fluoride sealant application in the prevention of white spot lesions around orthodontic brackets. Material and Methods: Brackets were bonded to the buccal surface of bovine incisors, and five groups were formed (n = 15) according to the exposure of teeth to oral hygiene substances and the application of enamel sealant: G1 (control), only brushing was performed with 1.450 ppm fluoride; G2 (control) brushing associated with the use of mouthwash with 225 ppm fluoride; G3, only Pro Seal sealant application was performed with 1.000 ppm fluoride; G4 ...

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    3. Assessment of Self-Adhesive Resin Composites: Nondestructive Imaging of Resin–Dentin Interfacial Adaptation and Shear Bond Strength

      Assessment of Self-Adhesive Resin Composites: Nondestructive Imaging of Resin–Dentin Interfacial Adaptation and Shear Bond Strength

      Shear bond strength (SBS) and the interfacial adaptation (IA) of self-adhesive resin (SAR) composites to dentin were evaluated. Two SARs [Vertise Flow (VTF) and Fusio Liquid Dentin (FLD)] were evaluated and compared with a conventional restorative system [adhesive: OptiBond FL and composite: Herculite Précis (OBF/HP)]. Human third molars were used for SBS testing and IA imaging (n=7) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Flattened dentin disks were prepared and the composites were applied into molds (2.4 mm diameter) that were positioned on dentin. Samples were subjected to SBS testing and OCT analysis, which considered an increase in ...

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    4. Non-destructive evaluation of an internal adaptation of resin composite restoration with swept-source optical coherence tomography and micro-CT

      Non-destructive evaluation of an internal adaptation of resin composite restoration with swept-source optical coherence tomography and micro-CT

      Swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and micro-CT can be useful non-destructive methods for evaluating internal adaptation. There is no comparative study evaluating the two methods in the assessment of internal adaptation in composite restoration. The purpose of this study was to compare internal adaptation measurements of SS-OCT and micro-CT. Two cylindrical cavities were created on the labial surface of twelve bovine incisors. The 24 cavities were randomly assigned to four groups of dentin adhesives: (1) three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive, (2) two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive, (3) two-step self-etch adhesive, and (4) one-step self-etch adhesive. After application, the cavities were filled with resin composite ...

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    5. Assessment of curing behavior of light-activated dental composites using intensity correlation based multiple reference optical coherence tomography

      Assessment of curing behavior of light-activated dental composites using intensity correlation based multiple reference optical coherence tomography

      Background and Objectives Monitoring the curing kinetics of light-activated resin is a key area of research. These resins are used in restorative applications and particularly in dental applications. They can undergo volumetric shrinkage due to poor control of the depth dependent curing process, modulated by the intensity and duration of the curing light source. This often results in the formation of marginal gaps, causing pain and damage to the restoration site. In this study, we demonstrate the capabilities of a correlation method applied using a multiple references optical coherence tomography (MR-OCT) architecture to monitor the curing of the resin. Study ...

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    6. Evaluation of Composite Adaptation to Pulpal Chamber Floor Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Evaluation of Composite Adaptation to Pulpal Chamber Floor Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Introduction A coronal seal is fundamental for a positive outcome to endodontic therapy. In this in vitro study, we evaluated the adaptation of composite resins in postendodontic restorations using optical coherence tomographic (OCT) imaging. Our null hypothesis was that there would be no difference in marginal adaptation to the pulp chamber floor between resin composites of different viscosities. Methods Thirty intact upper molars extracted for periodontal reasons were selected, endodontically treated, and filled with gutta-percha. The excess gutta-percha was entirely removed from the pulp chamber floor, and teeth were randomly divided into 3 groups ( n = 10) according to the material ...

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    7. Marginal and internal analysis of preheated dental fissure-sealing materials using optical coherence tomography

      Marginal and internal analysis of preheated dental fissure-sealing materials using optical coherence tomography

      Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the influence of pre-photoactivation temperature on the marginal and internal integrity (occurrence of voids) of fissure-sealing materials on occlusal fissures using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods Occlusal fissures of 40 human third molars were sealed using a resin-based fissure sealant (Fluroshield) and a flowable composite (Permaflo) photoactivated at 68 °C (preheated) or at room temperature (25 °C) ( n = 10). After sealing, the teeth were subjected to thermocycling (500 cycles, 5–55 °C) and 14 days of pH cycling (demineralisation for 6 hours/day and remineralisation for 18 hours/day). The occlusal surfaces were scanned ...

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    8. Nondestructive observation of teeth post core-space using optical coherence tomography: comparison with microcomputed tomography and live images

      Nondestructive observation of teeth post core-space using optical coherence tomography: comparison with microcomputed tomography and live images

      No previous reports have observed inside the root canal using both optical coherence tomography (OCT) and x-ray microcomputed tomography ( μ CT ) for the same sample. The purpose of this study was to clarify both OCT and μ CT image properties from observations of the same root canal after resin core build-up treatment. As OCT allows real-time observation of samples, gap formation may be able to be shown in real time. A dual-cure, one-step, self-etch adhesive system bonding agent, and dual-cure resin composite core material were used in root canals in accordance with instructions from the manufacturer. The resulting OCT images were superior ...

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      Mentions: Osaka University
    9. OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY- A IMAGING MODALITY IN DENTISTRY BEYOND X RAYS

      OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY- A IMAGING MODALITY IN DENTISTRY BEYOND X RAYS

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a new technology for performing high-resolution cross sectional imaging. OCT is analogous to ultrasound imaging, except that it uses light instead of sound.OCT can provide cross sectional images of tissue structure on the micron scale in situ and in real time. OCT functions as a type of optical biopsy and is a powerful imaging technology for medical diagnostics because unlike conventional histopathology which requires removal of a tissue specimen and processing for microscopic examination, OCT can provide images of tissue in situ and in real time. 

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    10. Assessment of current adhesives in class I cavity: Nondestructive imaging using optical coherence tomography and microtensile bond strength

      Assessment of current adhesives in class I cavity: Nondestructive imaging using optical coherence tomography and microtensile bond strength

      Objectives To evaluate the sealing ability and the microtensile bond strength (MTBS) of different adhesive systems bonded to dentin in class I cavities. Methods Round tapered dentin cavities (3-mm diameter, 1.5-mm height) prepared in extracted human molars were restored using composite resin (Clearfil Majesty Posterior) with two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system (Adper Single Bond 2: ASB2), two-step self-etch adhesive (Clearfil SE Bond: CSEB), all-in-one adhesives (G-Bond Plus: GBP; Tri-S Bond Plus: TSBP), or no adhesive (Control), or bonded using low-shrinkage composite with its proper adhesive (Filtek Silorane, Silorane Adhesive System: FSS). After 24-h water storage or 10,000 cycles of ...

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    11. Evaluation of dental enamel caries assessment using Quantitative Light Induced Fluorescence and Optical Coherence Tomography

      Evaluation of dental enamel caries assessment using Quantitative Light Induced Fluorescence and Optical Coherence Tomography

      An in vitro study of morphological alterations between sound dental structure and artificially induced white spot lesions in human teeth, was performed through the loss of fluorescence by Quantitative Light-Induced Fluorescence (QLF) and the alterations of the light attenuation coefficient by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). To analyze the OCT images using a commercially available system, a special algorithm was applied, whereas the QLF images were analyzed using the software available in the commercial system employed. When analyzing the sound region against white spot lesions region by QLF, a reduction in the fluorescence intensity was observed, whilst an increase of light ...

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    12. Enamel Quality after Debonding: Evaluation by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Enamel Quality after Debonding: Evaluation by Optical Coherence Tomography

      The aims of this study were to evaluate quantitatively the enamel fractures, adhesive remnants and bracket fragments on enamel after debonding of metal and ceramic brackets, and to quantify the layer of adhesive remnants in depth after two different cleanup procedures. Metal and ceramic brackets were bonded on 120 human incisors and then debonded using two different techniques with Side Cutter (SC) and Anterior Bracket Removal plier (ABR). After this, a high-speed tungsten carbide finishing bur or a low-speed tungsten carbide finishing bur was used. The debonded samples were submitted to enamel assessment with optical coherence tomography (OCT). In sequence ...

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    13. Effect of Restorative System and Thermal Cycling on the Tooth-Restoration Interface – OCT Evaluation

      Effect of Restorative System and Thermal Cycling on the Tooth-Restoration Interface – OCT Evaluation

      The present study evaluated the tooth /noncarious cervical lesion restoration interface when using different adhesive systems and resin composites, submitted to thermal cycling (TC), using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Noncarious cervical lesion (NCCL) preparations (0.7 mm depth × 2 mm diameter) were performed on 60 human third molars and randomly divided into six groups, according to the adhesive system and resin composite used: group 1 = Adper Single Bond 2 (SB2) + Aelite LS Posterior (AP); group 2 = SB2 + Venus Diamond (VD); group = SB2 + Filtek Z250XT (Z250); group 4 = Clearfil SE Bond (CSE) + AP; group 5 = CSE + VD; group 6 = CSE + Z250 ...

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    14. Interfacial Adaptation of Composite Restorations Before and After Light Curing: Effects of Adhesive and Filling Technique

      Interfacial Adaptation of Composite Restorations Before and After Light Curing: Effects of Adhesive and Filling Technique

      Purpose: To investigate the effects of placement technique and adhesive material on adaptation of composites before and after light curing. Materials and Methods: Cylindrical cavities (3 mm diameter, 1.7 mm depth) in extracted human molars were restored in 6 groups (n = 5) using 2 adhesives - two-step self-etching Clearfil SE Bond 2 (SE2) and all-in-one Clearfil Tri-S Bond Plus (TSP) (Kuraray Noritake Dental) - and 2 composites - Estelite Sigma Quick (ESQ) and Estelite Flow Quick (FLQ) (Tokuyama Dental) - placed with three different techniques: ESQ bulk placed, FLQ lining followed by ESQ and FLQ bulk placed. Specimens were scanned twice using swept-source ...

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    15. Observation of white spot lesions using swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT): in vitro and in vivo study

      Observation of white spot lesions using swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT): in vitro and in vivo study

      This study aimed to assess swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) for in vitro and in vivo detection of enamel white spot lesion (WSL). WSLs without surface breakdown on 33 extracted human posterior teeth were non-invasively scanned using SSOCT. The teeth were then cross-sectioned and imaged under confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) and light microscopy (LM). SS-OCT cross-sectional images were compared with CLSM and LM. WSL shapes in SS-OCT images closely corresponded to those of LM. There were significant correlations ( p <0.001) in WSLs depth between SS-OCT and LM (r=0.92), SS-OCT and CLSM (r=0.80) and ...

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    16. Dental optical coherence tomography: new potential diagnostic system for cracked-tooth syndrome

      Dental optical coherence tomography: new potential diagnostic system for cracked-tooth syndrome

      Purpose The aim of the present study was to determine the reliability of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in detecting cracked teeth and its relative clinical effectiveness by comparing it with other diagnostic methods including conventional visual inspection, trans-illumination, and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Methods The reliability of swept source OCT (SS-OCT) was verified by comparing the number of detected crack lines on 109 surfaces of 61 teeth with those detected with other conventional methods. Results One to one comparison revealed that crack lines that were invisible with naked eyes could be found in SS-OCT images. The detection ability of SS-OCT was ...

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    17. Assessment of current adhesives in class I cavity: Nondestructive imaging using optical coherence tomography and microtensile bond strength

      Assessment of current adhesives in class I cavity: Nondestructive imaging using optical coherence tomography and microtensile bond strength

      Objectives To evaluate the sealing ability and the microtensile bond strength (MTBS) of different adhesive systems bonded to dentin in class I cavities. Methods Round tapered dentin cavities (3-mm diameter, 1.5-mm height) prepared in extracted human molars were restored using composite resin (Clearfil Majesty Posterior) with two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system (Adper Single Bond 2: ASB2), two-step self-etch adhesive (Clearfil SE Bond: CSEB), all-in-one adhesives (G-Bond Plus: GBP; Tri-S Bond Plus: TSBP), or no adhesive (Control), or bonded using low-shrinkage composite with its proper adhesive (Filtek Silorane, Silorane Adhesive System: FSS). After 24-h water storage or 10,000 cycles of ...

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    18. Analysis of photodynamic cream effect in dental caries using optical coherence tomography

      Analysis of photodynamic cream effect in dental caries using optical coherence tomography

      The aim of this study was to assess the effect in the enamel demineralization of low-intensity infrared laser (λ=810 nm, 100 mW/cm 2 , 90 sec, 4.47 J/cm 2 , 9 J) with or without photodynamic cream fluorinated or not fluorinated, using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Background data: Lasers can be used as tools for the prevention of tooth enamel demineralization. All enamel specimens (n= 105) were analyzed using OCT at baseline, and randomly assigned into seven groups (n=15): C (+), laser application; C(-), no treatment; (F), acid fluoride gel; cream (IV); cream and neutral fluoride (IVF); cream and ...

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    19. Optical coherence tomography applied to the evaluation of wear of composite resin for posterior teeth

      Optical coherence tomography applied to the evaluation of wear of composite resin for posterior teeth

      Resin composites are widely used as restorative materials due to their excellent aesthetical and mechanical properties. Posterior teeth are constantly submitted to occlusal stress and upon restoration require more resistant resins. The aim of this study was to analyze in vitro the wear suffered over time by restorations in resin composite in posterior teeth, by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). 30 molars had occlusal cavities prepared and were randomly divided into three groups (n=10) and restored with resin composite: G1: Filtek P90 (3M/ESPE), G2: Tetric N-Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent); G3: Filtek P60 (3M/ESPE). Specimens were subjected to initial analysis ...

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    20. Non-invasive detection of periodontal loss of attachment using optical coherence tomography

      Non-invasive detection of periodontal loss of attachment using optical coherence tomography

      This study aims at developing a non-invasive technique to evaluate periodontal loss of attachment in the oral cavity. A method of imaging periodontal loss of attachment based on time-domain optical coherence tomography is proposed and studied. Based on measurements, boundaries of gingival tissue and tooth were seen separated by ≈0.3 mm. Further study is in progress to image the anatomical landmarks and evaluate the periodontal loss of attachment. The conventional time domain OCT systems acquisition speed is limited by the speed of the mechanical scanning system. In order to overcome this issue, a novel electro-optic based scanning system is ...

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    21. Microgaps and Demineralization Progress around Composite Restorations

      Microgaps and Demineralization Progress around Composite Restorations

      This study investigated the influence of adhesives and marginal sealing on demineralization progress using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Cavities (4 × 2 mm) were prepared in bovine incisors and restored using Clearfil SE Protect (SP), Bond Force (BF), Scotchbond Universal (SB), or G-Bond Plus (GB), followed by Estelite Flow Quick flowable composite. The control group received no adhesive ( n = 10). After 3-d incubation in artificial saliva and 10,000 thermal cycles, gaps at enamel and dentin margins were measured at 8 locations on cross-sectional images obtained from each restoration using swept-source OCT at 1310-nm wavelength. Specimens were demineralized using acidified gel ...

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    22. Validation of Optical Coherence Tomography against Micro-computed Tomography for Evaluation of Remaining Coronal Dentin Thickness

      Validation of Optical Coherence Tomography against Micro-computed Tomography for Evaluation of Remaining Coronal Dentin Thickness

      Introduction Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive modality to obtain in-depth images of biological structures. A dental OCT system has become available for chairside application. This in vitro study hypothesized that swept-source OCT can be used to measure the remaining dentin thickness (RDT) at the roof of the dental pulp chamber during excavation of deep caries. Methods Human molar teeth with deep occlusal caries were investigated. After obtaining 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional OCT scans using a swept-source OCT system at a 1330-nm center wavelength, RDT was evaluated by image analysis software. Microfocus x-ray computed tomographic (micro-CT) images were obtained from ...

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    23. Novel digital imaging techniques to assess the outcome in oral rehabilitation with dental implants: a narrative review

      Novel digital imaging techniques to assess the outcome in oral rehabilitation with dental implants: a narrative review

      Aim To examine the literature on novel digital imaging techniques for the assessment of outcomes in oral rehabilitation with dental implants. Material and methods An electronic search of Medline and Embase databases including studies published prior to 28th December 2014 was performed and supplemented by a manual search. A synthesis of the publications was presented describing the use of computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasonography, optical scanning, spectrophotometry or optical coherence tomography (OCT) related to the outcome measures in implant therapy. Results and conclusions Most of the digital imaging techniques have not yet sufficiently been validated to be ...

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    24. Noninvasive Quantitative Evaluation of the Dentin Layer during Dental Procedures Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Noninvasive Quantitative Evaluation of the Dentin Layer during Dental Procedures Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      A routine cavity preparation of a tooth may lead to opening the pulp chamber. The present study evaluates quantitatively, in real time, for the first time to the best of our knowledge, the drilled cavities during dental procedures. An established noninvasive imaging technique, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), is used. The main scope is to prevent accidental openings of the dental pulp chamber. Six teeth with dental cavities have been used in this ex vivo study. The real time assessment of the distances between the bottom of the drilled cavities and the top of the pulp chamber was performed using an ...

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