1. Articles in category: NDE/NDT

    1-24 of 292 1 2 3 4 ... 11 12 13 »
    1. Evaluating the effects of organic matter bioavailability on nanofiltration membrane using real-time monitoring

      Evaluating the effects of organic matter bioavailability on nanofiltration membrane using real-time monitoring

      We studied the influence of bioavailability of organic matter on membrane fouling layer development by comparing the filtration of two feed waters (wetland water and graywater). Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration, size exclusion chromatography (SEC), and fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (FEEM) were used to characterize the bioavailability of organic matter in these water samples during the nanofiltration process. The wetland sample contained a high proportion of humic acid- and fulvic acid-like matter with low bioavailability, whereas the graywater sample comprised substantial amounts of aromatic proteins and microbial byproduct-like matter with high bioavailability. In addition, the molecular size distribution revealed that the ...

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    2. Biofouling investigation in membrane filtration systems using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) (Thesis)

      Biofouling investigation in membrane filtration systems using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)  (Thesis)

      Biofouling represents the main problem in membrane filtration systems. Biofouling arises when the biomass growth negatively impacts the membrane performance parameters (i.e. flux decrease and feed channel pressure drop). Most of the available techniques for characterization of biofouling involve membrane autopsies, providing information ex-situ destructively at the end of the process. OCT, is non-invasive imaging technique, able to acquire scans in-situ and non-destructively. The objective of this study was to evaluate the suitability of OCT as in-situ and non-destructive tool to gain a better understanding of biofouling behavior in membrane filtration systems. The OCT was employed to study the ...

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    3. Viscoelastic Behavior of Tissues and Implant Materials: Estimation of the Elastic Modulus and Viscous Contribution Using Optical Coherence Tomography and Vibrational Analysis

      Viscoelastic Behavior of Tissues and Implant Materials: Estimation of the Elastic Modulus and Viscous Contribution Using Optical Coherence Tomography and Vibrational Analysis

      Recently, we have reported use of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and vibrational analysis to determine the resonant frequency of a material from which the moduli of decellularized dermis, pig skin, silicone rubber and chemically modified dermis were calculated. In this paper, we present data on viscoelastic mechanical properties of extracellular matrices and silicone rubber at frequencies above and below the resonant frequency. The results reported suggest that measurement of the modulus at the resonant frequency of a viscoelastic material provides a good estimate of the elastic modulus while measurements below and above the resonant frequency contain a larger viscous contribution ...

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    4. Analyzing external and internal membrane fouling by oil emulsions via 3D optical coherence tomography

      Analyzing external and internal membrane fouling by oil emulsions via 3D optical coherence tomography

      Membrane-based filtration is an emerging technique for processing oily wastewater. Improving the efficiency of oil-water separation via membranes entails novel techniques for studying the complex interactions between the oil droplets and membrane underlying fouling. This paper presents the first study that applies optical coherence tomography (OCT) to the characterization of membrane fouling by oil emulsions. A series of dead-end filtration experiments was performed to characterize the rejection of oil droplets (~ 10 µm; hexadecane) by the membrane structure (0.45 µm PVDF) via three-dimensional (3D) OCT scanning in real time. The experimental results were compared with the control experiments with ~ 10 ...

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    5. Polarisation-sensitive optical coherence tomography for material

      Polarisation-sensitive optical coherence tomography for material

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is an emerging technology for high-resolution non-contact imaging of semi-transparent structures. Originally developed for medical diagnostics, we extend the OCT-technique to problems posed in material testing and characterisation. Layer thickness and refractive indices as well as internal structures of polymer parts have been determined within this study. An extension of OCT, namely polarisation-sensitive OCT (PS-OCT) has been used to identify regions of increased anisotropy within injection-moulded plastic parts and to determine quantitatively internal strain within translucent materials in a non-destructive way.

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    6. Quantitative measurement of subsurface damage with self-referenced spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Quantitative measurement of subsurface damage with self-referenced spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      In this work, we present the three-dimensional reconstruction of the subsurface damage (SSD) within the optical components at the level of several microns with a self-referenced spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) system, from which the quantitative information, including the maximum depth, the cluster depth, the shape, the size and the damage density, can be acquired. First, to compare the actual maximum depths with the ones computed by the formulas for predicting the maximum depth, the theoretical and empirical formulas proposed so far were summarized. The values of the maximum depths of SSD within eight samples were then measured. It ...

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    7. Investigating Intra-Tablet Coating Uniformity With Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Investigating Intra-Tablet Coating Uniformity With Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) has recently attracted a lot of interest in the pharmaceutical industry as a fast and non-destructive modality for direct quantification of thin film coatings that cannot easily be resolved with other techniques. While previous studies with SD-OCT have estimated the intra-tablet coating uniformity, the estimates were based on limited number of B-scans. In order to obtain a more accurate estimate, a greater number of B-scans are required that can quickly lead to an overwhelming amount of data. To better manage the data so as to generate a more accurate representation of the intra-tablet coating ...

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    8. The Validity of the Diagnosis of Plant Leaf Infections Using Non-Destructive Optical Inspection Technique and Depth-Scan Signal Analysis

      The Validity of the Diagnosis of Plant Leaf Infections Using Non-Destructive Optical Inspection Technique and Depth-Scan Signal Analysis

      The applicability of non-destructive optical imaging technique for the diagnosis of infected leaf materials was investigated along with a depth-scan (amplitude depth profile) signal analysis. The experimented plant leaf specimens were collected from persimmon plantations and the specimens were categorized into three groups: healthy leaf specimens, infected leaf specimens, and apparently healthy leaf specimens collected from infected trees. The non-destructive diagnosis was performed using 840 nm spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system. The obtained OCT results confirmed that the proposed method is capable of identifying morphological differences between healthy specimens from infected specimens and partially infected specimens. Therefore, this ...

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    9. Baton Handover At Blackbird Robotics

      Baton Handover At Blackbird Robotics

      Since 2008, Blackbird Robotersysteme has stood for intelligent system solutions in the robot-assisted laser welding field. Its internally developed control technology and user software are combined with scan systems of affiliated company SCANLAB to create top-performing welding systems. The product range consistently focuses on requirements of customers in the automotive branch and other industrial sectors, while offering increasingly highly integrated system solutions. A laser welding system with OCT (optical coherence tomography) technology for integrated seam tracking and process monitoring, newly introduced just this June, is proof of the company's strategic advancement to system supplier. And international growth, particularly in ...

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    10. Feature Of The Week 09/17/2017: Non-Destructive Analysis of the Internal Anatomical Structures of Mosquito Specimens Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Feature Of The Week 09/17/2017: Non-Destructive Analysis of the Internal Anatomical Structures of Mosquito Specimens Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      The study of mosquitoes and analysis of their behavior are of crucial importance in the on-going efforts to control the alarming increase in mosquito-borne diseases. Furthermore, a non-destructive and real-time imaging technique to study the anatomical features of mosquito specimens can greatly aid the study of mosquitoes. In this study, we demonstrate the three-dimensional imaging capabilities of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for structural analysis of Anopheles sinensis mosquitoes. The anatomical features of An. sinensis head, thorax, and abdominal regions, along with the morphology of internal structures, such as foregut, midgut, and hindgut, were studied using OCT imaging. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional ...

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    11. Automatic Identification of Weave Patterns of Checked and Colored Fabrics Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Automatic Identification of Weave Patterns of Checked and Colored Fabrics Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Identifying the weave pattern of fabrics can be done manually or automatically. Carrying out the weave recognition automatically will reduce the procedure time and error rates since automatic systems can perform successive measurements at high speeds and with great repeatability and quality. Woven fabric repeat identification systems that are automatic, usually work by employing complex algorithms and techniques. It is known that these automatic techniques struggle when trying to identify highly complex patterns, composing of a combination of different structures, figures, and colors. For example, image processing algorithms are known to make errors when dealing with checked and colored fabrics ...

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    12. Application of a long-range swept source optical coherence tomography-based scheme for dimensional characterization of multilayer transparent objects

      Application of a long-range swept source optical coherence tomography-based scheme for dimensional characterization of multilayer transparent objects

      This work presents the use of a recently developed interferometric system based on the swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) technique, which allows the characterization of transparent and semitransparent multilayer systems employing a tunable fiber-optic laser with a coherence length suitable for achieving long-deep range imaging (<10  cm). The inclusion of fiber Bragg gratings in the system allows it to perform a self-calibration in each sweep of the light source. Measurements carried out on cuvettes, ampoules, small bottles, and glass containers used in the pharmaceutical industry are presented. The thicknesses of the walls and the distance between them were determined ...

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    13. Non-Destructive Analysis of the Internal Anatomical Structures of Mosquito Specimens Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Non-Destructive Analysis of the Internal Anatomical Structures of Mosquito Specimens Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      The study of mosquitoes and analysis of their behavior are of crucial importance in the on-going efforts to control the alarming increase in mosquito-borne diseases. Furthermore, a non-destructive and real-time imaging technique to study the anatomical features of mosquito specimens can greatly aid the study of mosquitoes. In this study, we demonstrate the three-dimensional imaging capabilities of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for structural analysis of Anopheles sinensis mosquitoes. The anatomical features of An. sinensis head, thorax, and abdominal regions, along with the morphology of internal structures, such as foregut, midgut, and hindgut, were studied using OCT imaging. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional ...

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    14. Advanced analysis of domain walls in Mg doped LiNbO3 crystals with high resolution OCT

      Advanced analysis of domain walls in Mg doped LiNbO3 crystals with high resolution OCT

      The structure of domain walls (DW) in ferroelectric media is of great interest as this material is used for frequency doublers and other applications. We show that the structure of the DWs can nicely be visualized by high resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT). While the high group refractive index of lithium niobate allows a resolution much better than 1 µm, the large dispersion can blur the image and has to be compensated. Therefore, we developed an adaptive dispersion compensation algorithm based on maximizing the intensity of the DWs. By measuring a group of DWs, the mean period of the DWs ...

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    15. Analyzing Car Paint Through Optical Coherence Tomography

      Analyzing Car Paint Through Optical Coherence Tomography

      Researchers at the University of Liverpool in the UK have demonstrated for the first time how the medical imaging technique optical coherence tomography (OCT) could provide the car industry with a practical way to automatically analyze the distribution and characteristics of the metallic flakes in car paint. Originally a medical imaging technique Medical professionals routinely use optical coherence tomography, invented in 1991, for applications such as diagnosing eye diseases. Meanwhile, OCT is advancing into new biomedical applications and is being explored as a tool for improving manufacturing and industrial processes. The Liverpool team reports that moving their OCT technique from ...

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    16. Non-destructive analysis of flake properties in automotive paints with full-field optical coherence tomography and 3D segmentation

      Non-destructive analysis of flake properties in automotive paints with full-field optical coherence tomography and 3D segmentation

      Automotive coating systems are designed to protect vehicle bodies from corrosion and enhance their aesthetic value. The number, size and orientation of small metallic flakes in the base coat of the paint has a significant effect on the appearance of automotive bodies. It is important for quality assurance (QA) to be able to measure the properties of these small flakes, which are approximately 10 μm in radius, yet current QA techniques are limited to measuring layer thickness. We design and develop a time-domain (TD) full-field (FF) optical coherence tomography (OCT) system to scan automotive panels volumetrically, non-destructively and without contact ...

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    17. Feature Of The Week 07/24/2017: Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography for Non-Destructive Testing of Protection Coatings on Metal Substrates

      Feature Of The Week 07/24/2017: Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography for Non-Destructive Testing of Protection Coatings on Metal Substrates

      Industrial monuments and other artefacts of vanishing industries have to be preserved as cultural heritage. For example, in Germany next year the public subsidy for the mining industry will end and with this the active mining will end as well. The Deutsches Bergbau-Museum in Bochum as one of the largest of its kind and as a research institution of the Leibnitz association is committed to preserve the cultural heritage of the mining industry. Thus it is facing the huge task to conserve a lot of mining industry objects in their actual authentic appearance, ranging from small tools like hammers to ...

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    18. Determination of Coefficient of Thermal Expansion in High Power GaN-Based Light-Emitting Diodes via Optical Coherent Tomography

      Determination of Coefficient of Thermal Expansion in High Power GaN-Based Light-Emitting Diodes via Optical Coherent Tomography

      One of the most challenging issues when operating a high-power light-emitting diode (LED) is to conduct appropriate packaging materials for the reliable thermal management of the entire device. Generally, the considerable amount of heat produced around the junction area of the LED would transfers to the entire device, and causes thermal expansion in the packaging material. It induces strain inevitably, and hinders the output performances and possible applications of high-power LEDs. The coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) is a physical quantity that indicates the expansion to which value a material will be upon heating. Therefore, as far as an advancement ...

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    19. Viewing a Weld Seam in 360°: New Scan Solution Utilizes OCT Technology to Coaxially Track and Inspect Seams

      Viewing a Weld Seam in 360°: New Scan Solution Utilizes OCT Technology to Coaxially Track and Inspect Seams

      At the Laser World of Photonics tradeshow in Munich, Germany, Blackbird Robotersysteme GmbH (acknowledged remote welding expert and SCANLAB GmbH associate company) will present an entirely new scan solution prototype with integrated distance sensor. Based on optical coherence tomography (OCT), the system detects and measures 3D laser weld seam topographies in high resolution. This is particularly advantageous for industrial system integrators and users looking to secure process safety and comprehensive quality management without a separate monitoring solution. In healthcare OCT has proven itself as an examination technique for opththamology, skin analysis, cancer diagnosis and more. For patients, this optical measurement ...

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    20. Feature Of The Week 07/07/2017: Tomographical process monitoring of laser transmission welding with OCT

      Feature Of The Week 07/07/2017: Tomographical process monitoring of laser transmission welding with OCT

      Laser transmission welding as a contactless and locally limited joining technique is well-established in different production areas. It is used in a variety of demanding applications like for example parts which require a particle-free joining process. Sensitive parts demand a joining technique which does not affect the inner components. The welding process itself faces higher requirements concerning for example tightness of the weld joint or cleanliness of the produced part (no material must impurify the part during the process). During the laser transmission welding process the laser radiation is locally focused on an absorbing surface. The joining is performed between ...

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    21. Pharmaceutical film coating catalogue for spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

      Pharmaceutical film coating catalogue for spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has recently been demonstrated to measure the film coating thickness of pharmaceutical tablets and pellets directly. The results enable the analysis of inter- and intra-tablet coating variability at an off-line and in-line setting. To date, only a few coating formulations have been tried and there is very little information on the applicability of OCT to other coatings. As it is well documented that optical methods including OCT are prone to scattering leading to limited penetration, some pharmaceutical coatings may not be measurable altogether. This study presents OCT measurements of 22 different common coatings for the assessment ...

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    22. Axsun Hopes to Break Into the 3D Printing Market | 3D Print Plan

      Axsun Hopes to Break Into the 3D Printing Market | 3D Print Plan

      Axsun is a 100-person Boston-based company that specializes in “advanced photonics”, a science involving light and microscopic devices. Their technology uses “Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)” in a way that could benefit 3D print operations. This technology is well-established in the medical community, where it is used to capture highly detailed images of sub-surface structures in transparent or translucent materials. Normally, this is used to “see” into patients for medical diagnoses. Specialized lasers provide the imaging through materials. However, the theory is that it could also be used in 3D printing. Axsun’s proposition is that this technology could be added ...

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    23. Structural Analysis of Polymer Composites Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Structural Analysis of Polymer Composites Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      The structural analysis of nylon/graphene oxide (NY/GO) and polyetherblockamide/ trisilinolphenyl-polyhederal oligomeric silsesquioxane (PEBA/t-POSS) composites were performed using high-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). This optical technology revealed both cross-sectional, as well as sub-layer depth information of sample. The non-destructive real-time imaging demonstrated the nature of defects in the composites. The thickness and location of each defect point in the composites were measured using A-scan analysis on the SD-OCT images. The cross-sectional and volumetric images clearly demonstrate the effectiveness of SD-OCT for composite research, as well as the for industrial quality assurance of polymer materials.

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    1-24 of 292 1 2 3 4 ... 11 12 13 »
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