1. Articles in category: NDE/NDT

    1-24 of 403 1 2 3 4 ... 15 16 17 »
    1. Position sensing of ultrashort pulsed laser-welded seams in glass by optical coherence tomography

      Position sensing of ultrashort pulsed laser-welded seams in glass by optical coherence tomography

      Today's methods for the inspection of the position of weld seams in glass, which has a decisive effect on the strength and thus on the quality of the permanent bond, are costly and often carried out manually in a destructive manner. The present paper proposes the application of optical coherence tomography to determine the position of the weld seam by evaluation of the signals caused by the voids within weld seams. Blind welds of fused silica and alkali-aluminosilicate glass were investigated, and a method for data evaluation is presented. The method is predominantly suitable for glass that exhibits the ...

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    2. Dual-band infrared optical coherence tomography using a single supercontinuum source

      Dual-band infrared optical coherence tomography using a single supercontinuum source

      Recent developments and commercial availability of low-noise and bright infrared (IR) supercontinuum sources initiated intensive applied research in the last few years. Covering a significant part of near- and mid-infrared spectral ranges, supercontinuum radiation opened up unique possibilities and alternatives for the well-established imaging technique of optical coherence tomography (OCT). In this contribution, we demonstrate the development, performance, and maturity of a cost-efficient dual-band Fourier-domain IR OCT system (2 µm and 4 µm central wavelengths). The proposed OCT setup is elegantly employing a single supercontinuum source and a pyroelectric linear array. We discuss adapted application-oriented approaches to signal acquisition and ...

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    3. Monitoring and quantification of bioelectrochemical Kyrpidia spormannii biofilm development in a novel flow cell setup

      Monitoring and quantification of bioelectrochemical Kyrpidia spormannii biofilm development in a novel flow cell setup

      Spatially resolved data for biofilm structure can often not be assessed easily in bioelectrochemical setups due to the orientation and placement of anode and cathode. However, understanding the interplay of biofilm (structure) development and electrochemical parameters is crucial for optimizing bioelectrochemical biofilm systems. For example, to produce value added products. This study thus, presents a versatile flow cell setup allowing for control of hydrodynamic, substrate (liquid and gaseous), and nutritional conditions as well as physical parameters. Here, a versatile lab-scale flow cell system equipped with a cathode and an anode is presented to monitor the growth of Kyrpidia spormannii biofilm ...

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    4. Optical coherence tomography imaging of plant root growth in soil

      Optical coherence tomography imaging of plant root growth in soil

      Complex interactions between roots and soil provide the nutrients and physical support required for robust plant growth. Yet, visualizing the root–soil interface is challenged by soil’s opaque scattering characteristics. Herein, we describe methods for using optical coherence tomography (OCT) to provide non-destructive 3D and cross-sectional root imaging not available with traditional bright-field microscopy. OCT is regularly used for bioimaging, especially in ophthalmology, where it can detect retinal abnormalities. Prior use of OCT in plant biology has focused on surface defects of above-ground tissues, predominantly in food crops. Our results show OCT is also viable for detailed, in situ ...

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    5. Membrane fouling by clay suspensions during NF-like forward osmosis: Characterization via optical coherence tomography

      Membrane fouling by clay suspensions during NF-like forward osmosis: Characterization via optical coherence tomography

      The use of a membrane with a relatively loose ‘active layer’ opened a new paradigm for the application of osmotically driven processes. An effective way of imparting the osmotic pressure difference across the ‘active layer’ is to employ divalent salts as the draw solute, whose negative effects on the organic fouling have been documented in the literature. This study was targeted on investigating the fouling by clay suspensions when performing the forward osmosis (FO) with a nanofiltration (NF)-like membrane. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was exploited to analyze the fouling phenomena in a way of determining the critical point of ...

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    6. Three-dimensional detection and quantification of defects in SiC by optical coherence tomography

      Three-dimensional detection and quantification of defects in SiC by optical coherence tomography

      Silicon carbide (SiC) is widely used in high power electronic devices. However, defects on the SiC significantly reduce the yield and decrease the performance of SiC. Accurate detection of the defects is essential in the process control. We demonstrated a noninvasive three-dimensional (3D) defect detection method for SiC using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Defects including the triangular defects, hexagonal voids, grain boundaries, and carrot defects were inspected and analyzed on SiC wafers. The 3D images of defects acquired with OCT provided detailed information on the 3D structures and dimensions of defects, and the locations and orientations of the defects inside ...

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      Mentions: Pei Ma
    7. Dual-side view optical coherence tomography for thickness measurement on opaque materials

      Dual-side view optical coherence tomography for thickness measurement on opaque materials

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT), as an optical interferometric imaging technique, has found wide applications in various fields. In principle, OCT is well suited for imaging layered structures, and thus, one of the typical applications is thickness measurement. However, due to the limited imaging depth resulting from light attenuation, thickness measurement by OCT is limited to non-opaque materials. In this study, we developed a novel (to the best of our knowledge) dual-side view OCT (DSV-OCT) system for thickness measurement on opaque materials. The dual-side view was achieved on a conventional swept source OCT platform by creating two symmetrical sampling arms. This ...

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    8. Quasi-tomography by free space line field spectral domain optical coherence reflectometry

      Quasi-tomography by free space line field spectral domain optical coherence reflectometry

      This paper reports the development of a new technique, free space line field spectral domain optical coherence reflectometry (LF-SD-OCR), which is able to produce tomographic like (quasi) images. Furthermore, the capabilities and cost benefits of the technique are demonstrated by constructing a handheld LF-SD-OCR device. For glossy paint systems and other suitable samples, the line field format produces quasi-tomographic (cross-sectional) imaging through the layers, with axial and lateral image resolutions of 1.3 µm and 40 µm respectively. From these, the clear coat thicknesses on the bonnet of cars were measured by graph search segmentation and maximum A-scan projection. In ...

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      Mentions: Yalin Zheng
    9. Evaluation of anti-bacterial adhesion performance of polydopamine cross-linked graphene oxide RO membrane via in situ optical coherence tomography

      Evaluation of anti-bacterial adhesion performance of polydopamine cross-linked graphene oxide RO membrane via in situ optical coherence tomography

      Biofouling is a critical issue which accounts for >45% of all fouling in reverse osmosis (RO). Because fouling occurs on the surface of the membrane, surface modification has been considered an effective measure for fouling mitigation and for achieving sustainable membrane performance. Herein, we modified a RO membrane using graphene oxide (GO) crosslinked with a thin layer of polydopamine (PDA-GO) to obtain a bactericidal and antibiofouling surface. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used as a non-destructive, real-time, in situ monitoring tool to observe the fouling dynamics and to understand material-foulant interaction. In situ three-dimensional (3D) monitoring results showed that the ...

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    10. Compact and Mobile Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography Sensor for Subsurface Fingerprint Imaging

      Compact and Mobile Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography Sensor for Subsurface Fingerprint Imaging

      Conventional fingerprint sensors that are deployed in real-life applications lack the ability to peer inside a finger beyond the external surface. Subsurface information can provide complimentary biometric characteristics associated with the finger. The subsurface fingerprints can also be employed when the quality of the external/surface fingerprints is affected. One of the most promising technologies for imaging below the surface of an external fingerprint is full-field optical coherent tomography (FF-OCT). However, the FF-OCT can be expensive and cumbersome, despite its proven ability for biometric use. In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of a compact, mobile and cost-effective ...

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    11. Dimensional characterization of large opaque samples and microdeformations by low coherence interferometry

      Dimensional characterization of large opaque samples and microdeformations by low coherence interferometry

      We report on the application of an interferometric system based on the low-coherence interferometry technique to the dimensional characterization of large opaque mechanical parts as well as microdeformations experienced by them. The implemented scheme is capable of simultaneously measuring very small deformations and relatively large dimensions or thicknesses (several centimeters) of the sample. By applying the chirp Fourier transform algorithm, it was possible to measure changes in thickness with an uncertainty of 0.35  μm when a 7-cm-thick sample was measured. The measurement scheme was implemented in optical fiber, which makes it highly adaptable to industrial conditions. It employs a ...

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    12. Optical coherence elastography by ambient pressure modulation for high-resolution strain mapping applied to patterned cross-linking

      Optical coherence elastography by ambient pressure modulation for high-resolution strain mapping applied to patterned cross-linking

      The purpose of this study was to develop a novel non-contact optical coherence elastography (OCE) approach to measure laterally and axially highly resolved corneal strain distribution at different stages of patterned corneal cross-linking (CXL). Freshly enucleated rat eyes were obtained and prepared for accelerated patterned CXL treatment with distinct ultraviolet (UV) patterns (central, peripheral, bow-tie irradiation). Each cornea was measured repeatedly, in three different conditions: (i) virgin, (ii) after epithelial debridement and 0.5% hypo-osmolar riboflavin instillation for 30 min, and (iii) after patterned CXL at 9 mW cm −2 for 10 min. For biomechanical assessment, the corneal deformation response ...

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    13. Comparative study of the influence of linear and branched alkyltrichlorosilanes on the removal efficiency of polyethylene and polypropylene-based microplastic particles from water

      Comparative study of the influence of linear and branched alkyltrichlorosilanes on the removal efficiency of polyethylene and polypropylene-based microplastic particles from water

      Microplastics are a global environmental pollution. Due to this fact, new solutions are needed to reduce the amount in various aquatic environments. A new concept introduced by Herbort and Schuhen from the year 2016 describes the agglomeration of microplastics in water using silicon-based precursors. In the study presented here, alkyltrichlorosilanes with different linear and branched alkyl groups and a chain length between 1 and 18 carbon (C-) atoms are investigated for their suitability to fix microplastics (mixtures of polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP)) and to form larger agglomerates. As the alkyl group has a major influence on the reaction rate ...

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    14. Mechanical test study in composites using digital holographic interferometry and optical coherence tomography simultaneously

      Mechanical test study in composites using digital holographic interferometry and optical coherence tomography simultaneously

      A dual optical configuration to inspect the internal and external mechanical response of a composite specimen is presented. The inspection simultaneously uses two equally aligned optical techniques, digital holographic interferometry and Fourier domain optical coherence tomography, to retrieve surface and internal data, respectively. The sample under study is a composite specimen of poly-methyl-methacrylate reinforced with metallic particles. Two different sets of samples are analyzed to compare their mechanical behavior. A homemade, fully controlled testing machine is used to apply a controlled compression load while each technique registers an image. In this form, the surface and internal optical phase measurements are ...

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    15. Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography system in the terahertz region

      Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography system in the terahertz region

      In this study, a frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) system in the terahertz frequency range was developed. To generate tunable continuous-wave terahertz radiation, the outputs of two near-infrared external cavity diode lasers were mixed in an antenna-coupled photo-mixer. Using the FD-OCT system, tomographic profiling of the front and back surfaces of a high-resistivity silicon plate was realized.

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      Mentions: Osaka University
    16. Identification of Fungus-infected Tomato Seeds Based on Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography

      Identification of Fungus-infected Tomato Seeds Based on Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography

      The morphological changes of anthracnose (fungus) -infected tomato seeds have been studied to identify the infection and characterize its effect. Full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) has been utilized as a nondestructive but efficient modality for visualizing the effects of fungal infection. The cross-sectional images extracted from a stack of en face FF-OCT images showed significant changes with infection in the seed structure. First of all, the seed coat disappeared with the infection. The thickness of the seed coat of a healthy seed was measured as 28.2 µm, with a standard deviation of 1.2 µm. However, for infected seeds ...

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    17. Characterization of biofouling with 3D-printed spacers using 3D optical coherence tomography (Thesis)

      Characterization of biofouling with 3D-printed spacers using 3D optical coherence tomography (Thesis)

      Biofouling in membrane filtration is a common occurrence which impedes the efficiency of the separation process. By looking into the biofouling mechanisms via the observation of a filtration process, potential problems can be addressed and resolved. This study uses optical coherence tomography (OCT) to investigate the effects of using different 3D-printed spacers on the biofouling process. A compilation of OCT scans of a representative unit cell of each spacer was taken as a function of time to generate 3D-images showing the morphology of a foulant layer. Through the usage of various quantitative analysing methods (such as EIS, DOTM and etc ...

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    18. Investigation of sputtering target re-deposits by Optical Coherence Tomography and Grazing Incident X-ray Diffraction

      Investigation of sputtering target re-deposits by Optical Coherence Tomography and Grazing Incident X-ray Diffraction

      The sputtering target re-deposit grown by cumulative sputtering has been investigated in this work by studying both fresh and rigorously sputtered zirconium oxide target by Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (FDOCT), a depth resolved optical imaging modality. The Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) depth profiles have further been analyzed to extract optical attenuation coefficient of sputtered target surface as well as fresh target surface. Re-deposited sputtered target surface shows larger optical attenuation coefficient in the range of 1.5-4.4 mm −1 as opposed to that of 1.1 mm −1 for fresh ZrO 2 target. The same sputtered target surfaces ...

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      Mentions: K. Divakar Rao
    19. Non-contact characterization of compound optical elements using reflectance confocal microscopy, low-coherence interferometry, and computational ray-tracing

      Non-contact characterization of compound optical elements using reflectance confocal microscopy, low-coherence interferometry, and computational ray-tracing

      Advances in microscopy have enabled us to see at unprecedented depths and resolutions, even breaking the diffraction-limit by several fold. These improvements have come at the expense of system complexity with microscopes routinely employing multiple objective lenses and custom optical relays. Optimal system design is paramount for imaging performance, but research systems are limited by the use of commercial components because optical prescriptions are often inaccessible. System performance can be further degraded when these components are implemented in nonstandard configurations outside of manufacturer specifications. Here, we describe a method for characterization of compound optical elements including curvatures, material and air-gap ...

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      Mentions: Yuankai K. Tao
    20. Investigation of cell dynamics in 3D cell spheroids and cell interaction with 3D printed scaffolds by mOCT

      Investigation of cell dynamics in 3D cell spheroids and cell interaction with 3D printed scaffolds by mOCT

      Optical coherence tomography is a non-invasive and label-free imaging modality based on the detection of backscattered light in samples. As microscopic OCT (mOCT) combines high axial and lateral resolution, an investigation of biological and printed samples at subcellular level is feasible. The additional excellent depth resolution enables mOCT to be a suitable quality control of 3D printed samples. The use of speckle variance adds information about cell viability. Here we present the feasibility of investigating cell viability within a cell spheroid and monitoring the cell interaction with bioprinted scaffolds using mOCT.

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    21. At-line Validation of Optical Coherence Tomography as In-line/At-line Coating Thickness Measurement Method

      At-line Validation of Optical Coherence Tomography as In-line/At-line Coating Thickness Measurement Method

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a promising technology for monitoring of pharmaceutical coating processes. However, the pharmaceutical development and manufacturing require a periodic validation of the sensor’s accuracy. For this purpose, we propose polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films as a model system, which can be periodically measured during manufacturing coating monitoring via OCT. This study proposes a new approach addressing the method validation requirement in the pharmaceutical industry and presents results for complementary methods. The methods investigated include direct measurement of the layer thickness using a micrometer gauge as reference, X-ray micro computed tomography, transmission and reflectance terahertz pulsed imaging ...

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    22. Method to characterize cut gemstones using optical coherence tomography

      Method to characterize cut gemstones using optical coherence tomography

      The invention includes an improvement in a method of assessing a gemstone having at least one planar face with an internally reflecting surface including the steps of optically modifying the at least one planar face of the gemstone to return a sample beam from an internally reflecting plane corresponding to the at least one planar face to an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system; selectively directing the sample beam from an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system onto the gemstone; and generating an OCT image map of the gemstone to determine volume, gem carat weight and/or quality.

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    23. Assessing internal fouling during microfiltration optical coherence tomography and evapoporometry

      Assessing internal fouling during microfiltration optical coherence tomography and evapoporometry

      The internal fouling of membranes is typically presumed and inferred, but the direct characterization of representative samples is challenging. This study targeted to assess internal fouling using the Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Evapoporometry (EP) techniques for real-time monitoring during filtration and off-line measurement of the pore size distributions (PSDs) of the fouled membranes, respectively. The results were validated by atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements and also the three-mechanism fouling model. The foulant used was the well-studied bovine serum albumin (BSA), while the membranes were three commercially available polymeric microfiltration membranes with similar nominal pore sizes and porosities. Although the ...

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    24. 3D Fingerprint Gender Classification Using Deep Learning

      3D Fingerprint Gender Classification Using Deep Learning

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a high resolution imaging technology, which provides a 3D representation of the fingertip skin. This paper for the first time investigates gender classification using those 3D fingerprints. Different with current fingerprint gender classification methods, the raw multiple longitudinal( X - Z ) fingertip images of one finger can be applied instead of studying features extracted from fingerprints, and the model can be trained effectively when the training data set is relatively small. Experimental results show that the best accuracy of 80.7% is achieved by classifying left fore finger on a small database with 59 persons. Meanwhile ...

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    1-24 of 403 1 2 3 4 ... 15 16 17 »
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