1. Articles in category: Ophthalmology

    11185-11208 of 11253 « 1 2 ... 464 465 466 467 468 469 »
    1. Iris recognition and tracking for optical treatment

      A system and method are provided in which an iris or eye image is taken during a refractive diagnostic analysis. The image is employed for aligning data from the analysis with data from other refractive analysis instruments, as well as aligning a refractive surgical tool, such as a laser, with the eye for treatment. Further, the stored iris image is compared with the patient's iris before treatment, verifying that the correct eye is to be treated with a developed treatment pattern. A variety of refractive instruments can be used, such as corneal topography systems and wavefront aberration systems.
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    2. Optical apparatus and method for comprehensive eye diagnosis

      An eye examination instrument is presented that can perform multiple eye tests. The instrument includes an illumination optical path and an imaging optical path, wherein a focus element in the illumination optical path is mechanically coupled to a focus element in the imaging optical path. In some embodiments, the eye examination instrument can perform a visual eye test, a fundus imaging test, and an optical coherence tomography test.
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      Mentions: Optovue Jay Wei Nidek
    3. Integrated scanning and ocular tomography system and method

      Systems and methods of the present invention measure at least one reflecting surface of an object disposed along an optical path. In some embodiments a measured optical interference signal for each of at least three wavelengths of reflected light may be used to determine a modulation of frequency components of a Fourier series. Frequency components of a Fourier series may be transformed to spatial components that describe intensities and positions of light reflected along an optical path.Systems and methods of the present invention permit rapid measuring and may monitor corneal thickness during surgery. The invention may do so by ...
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    4. System and method for predictive ophthalmic correction

      A system and method for providing a predictive outcome in the form of a predictive best instruction for a therapeutic ophthalmic correction of a patient's vision defects. The predictive best instruction is derived from prospective therapeutic-outcome-influencing, new information that is analyzed in conjunction with optimized, historical therapeutic-outcome information. The instruction is preferably an optimized, custom, photoablative algorithm for driving a photoablative, excimer laser. The instruction can be provided on a fee basis.
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      Mentions: Bausch & Lomb
    5. Everyday OCT: A Handbook for Clinicians and Technicians (Book)

      Everyday OCT: A Handbook for Clinicians and Technicians (Book)
      Authorities on OCT technology and imaging, Dr. Joel S. Schuman, Dr. Carmen A. Puliafito, and Dr. James G. Fujimoto review OCT and provide both the beginning and advanced user with expert pearls on how to effectively perform and interpret OCT imaging. Everyday OCT contains a wealth of technical information about the principles of operating the Stratus OCTTM and the main components of this medical diagnostic imaging technology. Everyday OCT explains how to: Set up and employ OCT technology Select and facilitate scans Ensure and assess the quality of scans Accurately interpret OCT images Additional Features: Over 200 color images Tips ...
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    6. Assessment of macular function by microperimetry in unilateral resolved central serous chorioretinopathy

      Purpose To determine macular sensitivity and fixation characteristics in patients with unilateral resolved central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) using fundus-related microperimetry. Methods We reviewed 15 eyes with resolved CSC and 15 normal healthy eyes that had undergone fundus-related microperimetry. The macular sensitivity was measured using the recently introduced fundus-related microperimeter, MP-1. The best-corrected visual acuity (VA) (BCVA), mean retinal sensitivity in the central 10° (central microperimetry, cMP-1) and in the paracentral 10–20° (paracentral microperimetry, pMP-1), and fixation stability and location were determined and compared with measurements in control eyes. Results BCVA at the time of this study was 20/20 ...
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    7. Medical device and methods of use of glaucoma treatment

      The invention relates generally medical devices and methods for the treatment of glaucoma in an animal eye and, more particularly, to medical devices and methods for treating tissue of the trabecular meshwork and/or Schlemm's canal of the eye to restore or rejuvenate a portion or all of the normal physiological function of directing aqueous outflow for maintaining a normal intraocular pressure in the eye.
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    8. System for measuring the optical image quality of an eye in a contactless manner

      A system is used for contactless measurement of the optical imaging quality of an eye with an interferometer by which at least one light pulse with a short coherence length is coupled into the eye from a light source. The optical path length of at least one arm of the interferometer is varied for measuring the length of the eye until a typical interference pattern between a reflection of the cornea and a reflection of the retina of the eye occurs in a detector. This interference pattern together with a known path segment of the variation of the optical path ...
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    9. In vivo measurements of macular and nerve fibre layer thickness in retinal arterial occlusion

      Aim To investigate the structure–function relationship in patients with retinal arterial occlusion by measuring the macular and the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness and the visual sensitivity. Methods This is an observational case series with three patients with central retinal arterial occlusion (CRAO) and two patients with branch retinal arterial occlusion (BRAO). The macular/peripapillary RNFL thickness and the visual field were measured with Stratus optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Humphrey visual field analyzer, respectively, at least 1 year after the diagnosis of CRAO or BRAO. Results The macular thickness, in particular the inner retinal layer, and ...
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    10. Change of foveal and perifoveal thickness measured by OCT after phacoemulsification and IOL implantation

      Purpose Cataract surgery is known to elicit postoperative macular oedema owing to its traumatic effect. The aim of the study was to measure the foveal and perifoveal thickness of the retina after uneventful phacoemulsification and posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC-IOL) implantation. Methods Retinal thickness values of the foveal and perifoveal (fovea+3.0 mm, fovea+6.0 mm) sectors and the minimum values were measured in a prospective study using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in 71 eyes of 71 patients (34 men, 37 women, mean age: 68.8 years) who underwent cataract surgery. Phacoemulsification and 'in the bag' implantation of ...
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    11. Optical frequency domain imaging of human retina and choroid (Thesis)

      Optical frequency domain imaging of human retina and choroid (Thesis)
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has emerged as a practical noninvasive technology for imaging the microstructure of the human eye in vivo. Using optical interferometry to spatially-resolve backreflections from within tissue, this high-resolution technique provides cross-sectional images of the anterior and posterior eye segments that had previously only been possible with histology. Current commercially-available OCT systems suffer limitations in speed and sensitivity, preventing them from effective screening of the retina and having a larger impact on the clinical environment. While other technological advances have addressed this problem, they are inadequate for imaging the choroid, which can be useful for evaluating choroidal ...
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    12. Optical Coherence Tomography For The Screening of Donor Corneas and Examination of the Retinal Nerve Fiber Directional Reflectance (Thesis)

      Optical Coherence Tomography For The Screening of Donor Corneas and Examination of the Retinal Nerve Fiber Directional Reflectance (Thesis)
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high resolution, non-invasive imaging technology that employs light to create detailed images of the body. In medicine, OCT is most widely used in ophthalmology to create high resolution images of the cornea and the retina. The group index of cornea, rather than phase refractive index, is required for thickness calculations with optical coherence tomography (OCT). Recent advances with high speed OCT at 1.3 m make index measurement at this wavelength of great interest. Group indices of 3 human eye bank corneas were measured in vitro using optical low-coherence reflectometry. Measurements were made in ...
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    13. Implant with pressure sensor for glaucoma treatment

      A trabecular shunt and methods for treating glaucoma are disclosed. One of the methods comprises transporting fluid from the anterior chamber of an eye to Schlemm's canal through an implant, the implant extending between the anterior chamber and Schlemm's canal; sensing an intraocular pressure using a sensor incorporated into the implant; and transmitting a signal indicative of the sensed pressure to an external receiver.
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    14. Automated detection of retinal layer structures on optical coherence tomography images

      Automated detection of retinal layer structures on optical coherence tomography images
      Segmentation of retinal layers from OCT images is fundamental to diagnose the progress of retinal diseases. In this study we show that the retinal layers can be automatically and/or interactively located with good accuracy with the aid of local coherence information of the retinal structure. OCT images are processed using the ideas of texture analysis by means of the structure tensor combined with complex diffusion filtering. Experimental results indicate that our proposed novel approach has good performance in speckle noise removal, enhancement and segmentation of the various cellular layers of the retina using the STRATUSOCTTM system.
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    15. Novel Diagnostics With Optical Coherence Tomography: Retinal Imaging

      The purpose of this research is to evaluate optical coherence tomography (OCT) and FDA approved device used to image diseases of the eye. The ultra-high resolution OCT is a non-significant risk device used in this study. Optical Coherence Tomography may be useful for early diagnosis and monitoring of different types of eye diseases.
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    16. Method and apparatus for improving vision and the resolution of retinal images

      A method of and apparatus for improving vision and the resolution of retinal images is described in which a point source produced on the retina of a living eye by a laser beam is reflected from the retina and received at a lenslet array of a Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor such that each of the lenslets in the lenslet array forms an aerial image of the retinal point source on a CCD camera located adjacent to the lenslet array. The output signal from the CCD camera is acquired by a computer which processes the signal and produces a correction signal which ...

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    17. System and method for evaluating a secondary Lasik treatment

      A method and system are disclosed for evaluating the safety of a prospective secondary LASIK treatment to correct a person's vision. The difficulties with making an accurate, direct measurement of corneal thickness of a cornea having a pre-existing keratectomy are overcome by using pre-LASIK topography and pachymetry measurements, and per- and post-LASIK wavefront measurements to determine post-LASIK corneal thickness, and thus the suitability and safety of a prospective secondary LASIK procedure. A system embodiment includes diagnostic and computing platforms for generating and analyzing data, and a device readable medium for storing and transferring an instruction to a laser ablation ...
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      Mentions: Bausch & Lomb
    18. Device and method for monitoring aqueous flow within the eye

      The present invention provides a device and method for monitoring the flow of aqueous humor within the eye. The invention provides that the aqueous flow rate and/or pattern within the anatomical structures of the eye can be determined by monitoring a traceable component. Such determination provides diagnostic indications of the degree and location of ocular disease associated with aqueous outflow, such as glaucoma, and can further provide post-treatment indications of effectiveness.
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    19. Optical multiplex short coherence interferometry on the eye

      The invention is directed to the detection and imaging of the internal geometry of the eye, particularly of the important components for imaging in the eye such as the cornea, lens, vitreous body and retinal surface, by multichannel short coherence interferometry. A method and arrangement for obtaining topograms and tomograms of the eye structure by many simultaneously recorded interferometric depth scans through transversely adjacent points in the pupil using spatially coherent or spatially partially coherent light sources. The depth scan is carried out by changing the optical length of the interferometer measurement arm by means of a retroreflector. By continuously ...
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    20. Heidelberg Engineering Adds OCT Product Line

      Heidelberg Engineering Adds OCT Product Line

      DOSSENHEIM, Germany--June 6, 2005--Heidelberg Engineering GmbH announced today the purchase of assets of the company 4optics AG, Lubeck, Germany. The transaction adds optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology to its ophthalmic product offering. "Heidelberg Engineering has a wide range of expertise in laser scanning technology for diagnostic eye care. With this move, we are adding a well-qualified scientific team and additional products to our R&D pipeline," noted Dr. Gerhard Zinser, managing director and head of R&D for Heidelberg Engineering. "We now have command of the two most important technological innovations in diagnostic eye care.” The company will take over ...

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    21. Enhanced visualization of retinal pathologies with ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography (Thesis)

      Enhanced visualization of retinal pathologies with ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography (Thesis)
      Current clinical practice calls for the development of techniques to diagnose diseases in its early stages, when treatment is most effective and significant irreversible damage can either be prevented or delayed. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an emerging medical diagnostic technology being investigated for applications in a number of medical fields including ophthalmology, cardiology, and gastroenterology. OCT is analogous to ultrasound except that it uses light waves rather than sound waves. OCT can achieve a much higher resolution than ultrasound in measuring the underlying tissue microstructures. Another advantage of OCT is that it can achieve imaging in a non-contact and ...
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    22. Optical coherence tomography for retinal imaging (Thesis)

      Optical coherence tomography for retinal imaging (Thesis)
      In this thesis, two new imaging modalities are proposed for the early detection of glaucoma. Both modalities are based on optical coherence tomography, a technology that uses low-coherence light to create two-dimensional images of the retina. Depth scans are made as reflections are detected as a function of path length difference by rapidly changing the reference arm length of an interferometer. The sensitive coherence window that is created rejects light returning from other depths.
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    23. A Test Eye for Wavefront Eye Refractors

      A Test Eye for Wavefront Eye Refractors
      PURPOSE A multi-site study was conducted to test feasibility of a modified automatic refractor style test eye as a test device for wavefront refractors of various types and to determine whether a) they could be measured and b) when measurements could be made, to see if they were similar. This study did not attempt to assess which instrument most accurately measures the aberrations of the test eye or human eye. METHODS Three automatic refractor style test eyes were modified for use as test devices for wavefront refractors. One had a simple spherical front surface, and two had additional aberrations added ...
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  3. Organizations in the News

    1. (3 articles) Harvard University
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