1. Articles in category: Ophthalmology

    553-576 of 9298 « 1 2 ... 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 ... 386 387 388 »
    1. Optical surface identification for laser surgery

      Optical surface identification for laser surgery

      Systems and methods automatically locate optical surfaces of an eye and automatically generate surface models of the optical surfaces. A method includes OCT scanning of an eye. Returning portions of a sample beam are processed to locate a point on the optical surface and first locations on the optical surface within a first radial distance of the point. A first surface model of the optical surface is generated based on the location of the point and the first locations. Returning portions of the sample beam are processed so as to detect second locations on the optical surface beyond the first ...

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      Mentions: OptiMedica
    2. Longitudinal study of retinal status using optical coherence tomography after acute onset endophthalmitis following cataract surgery

      Longitudinal study of retinal status using optical coherence tomography after acute onset endophthalmitis following cataract surgery

      Purpose To analyse the macula imaged with optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients treated for acute postcataract endophthalmitis. Methods Patients presenting with acute postcataract endophthalmitis were included in this observational and multicentre study from January 2008 to December 2011. We recorded the following OCT data at the 3, 6 and 12-month visits: the central macular thickness, the perifoveal macular thickness, the central foveal point thickness and abnormalities of the outer retina, the macula and vitreoretinal interface. Results 46 patients were included in the OCT analysis. From month 3 to 12, epiretinal membrane (ERM) prevalence increased from 26% to 39%, vitreomacular ...

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    3. How Intrasurgical OCT can Impact the Surgical Approach to Membrane Peeling

      How Intrasurgical OCT can Impact the Surgical Approach to Membrane Peeling

      When treating patients with vitreomacular traction (VMT), peeling of the inner limiting membrane (ILM) or an epiretinal membrane (ERM) is often indicated. Successful outcomes depend on precise surgical maneuvers as well as the surgeon’s experience in order to assess whether the entire membrane has been removed, as this is crucial for successful release of traction. Having as much visual information as possible helps the surgeon confidently perform membrane peeling. It also supports identification of residual membranes, and examination of the retinal morphology immediately following the procedure for complications such as macular holes, sub-retinal edema or residual traction. High-resolution cross-sectional ...

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      Mentions: Leica
    4. Farsiu Wins ARVO Foundation/Pfizer Ophthalmics Carl Camras Translational Research Award

      Farsiu Wins ARVO Foundation/Pfizer Ophthalmics Carl Camras Translational Research Award

      Sina Farsiu , an associate professor at Duke University with appointments in biomedical engineering, ophthalmology, electrical and computer engineering, and computer science, has won the 2017 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) Foundation/Pfizer Ophthalmics Carl Camras Translational Research Award . Reserved for scientists under age 45, the award honors excellence in research and fundamental scientific discoveries, concepts and novel technologies. The discovery that each recipient is nominated for must also have led to, or have promise of leading to, clinical applications. Farsiu will receive the award, which includes a $12,000 honorarium, at the 2017 ARVO Annual Meeting held ...

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    5. Two- and three-dimensional topographic analysis of pathologically myopic eyes with dome-shaped macula and inferior staphyloma by spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Two- and three-dimensional topographic analysis of pathologically myopic eyes with dome-shaped macula and inferior staphyloma by spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Purpose To investigate the posterior anatomical structure of pathologically myopic eyes with dome-shaped macula and inferior staphyloma using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods Our database of 260 pathologically myopic eyes was analyzed retrospectively to identify patients with dome-shaped macula and inferior staphyloma. All patients underwent vertical and horizontal SD-OCT scans across the central fovea, with three-dimensional macular map reconstruction. Best-corrected visual acuity, axial length, and choroidal thickness measurements were recorded. The macular bulge height was also analyzed in eyes with dome-shaped macula. In the three-dimensional images, the symmetry and orientation of the main plane of the inward incurvation ...

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    6. OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY OF THE FOVEA IN CHILDREN BORN PRETERM

      OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY OF THE FOVEA IN CHILDREN BORN PRETERM

      Purpose: To compare the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area measured by optical coherence tomography angiography in children who had been born preterm with age-matched controls. Methods: In this cross-sectional observational comparative case series, 43 eyes of 26 children (28 eyes of 15 former preterm infants and 15 eyes of 11 former term infants) between the ages of 4 and 12 years old were included. Optical coherence tomography angiography with a scan size of 3 x 3 was performed for all eyes. Foveal avascular zone area was measured using the Optovue RTVue AVANTI instrument (Optovue Inc, Fremont, CA) software. Inner and ...

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    7. Evaluation of Retinal Changes Using Optical Coherence Tomography in a Pediatric Case of Susac Syndrome

      Evaluation of Retinal Changes Using Optical Coherence Tomography in a Pediatric Case of Susac Syndrome

      Susac syndrome is a rare occlusive vasculopathy affecting the retina, inner ear and brain. The cause is unknown, although it generally affects young women. This syndrome can be difficult to diagnose because its signs can only be revealed by detailed examination. These signs are not always concomitant, but may appear at different times. This report describes a pediatric case who was diagnosed with Susac syndrome when retinal lesions were identified in the inactive period with the help of optical coherence tomography (OCT). The purpose of this case report is to emphasize the importance of OCT in clarifying undefined retinal changes ...

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    8. CHOROIDAL BLOOD VESSELS IN RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIAL ATROPHY USING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      CHOROIDAL BLOOD VESSELS IN RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIAL ATROPHY USING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      Purpose: To observe choroidal blood vessels in cases sharply demarcated with retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) atrophy at the macular area using en-face optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and standard en-face optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: The retrospective study included 12 eyes (8 patients; 5 men, 3 women; average age, 64.3 years) with RPE atrophy seen by ophthalmoscopy. The macular areas with normal and atrophic RPE sections were examined using en-face OCTA with an 840-nm light source (RTVue XR Avanti; Optovue Inc), which system can obtain standard en-face OCT images at identical areas. Images on en-face OCTA and standard en-face ...

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    9. OCT-based full crystalline lens shape change during accommodation in vivo

      OCT-based full crystalline lens shape change during accommodation in vivo

      The full shape of the accommodating crystalline lens was estimated using custom three-dimensional (3-D) spectral OCT and image processing algorithms. Automatic segmentation and distortion correction were used to construct 3-D models of the lens region visible through the pupil. The lens peripheral region was estimated with a trained and validated parametric model. Nineteen young eyes were measured at 0-6 D accommodative demands in 1.5 D steps. Lens volume, surface area, diameter, and equatorial plane position were automatically quantified. Lens diameter & surface area correlated negatively and equatorial plane position positively with accommodation response. Lens volume remained constant and surface area ...

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    10. Choroid Segmentation from Optical Coherence Tomography with Graph-Edge Weights Learned from Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

      Choroid Segmentation from Optical Coherence Tomography with Graph-Edge Weights Learned from Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

      Examining choroid in Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) plays a vital role in pathophysiologic factors of many ocular conditions. Among the existing approaches to detecting choroidal boundaries, graph-searching based techniques belong to the state-of-the-art. However, most of these techniques rely on hand-crafted models on the graph-edge weight and their performances are limited mainly due to the weak choroidal boundaries, textural structure of the choroid, inhomogeneity of the textural structure of the choroid and great variation of the choroidal thickness. In order to circumvent this limitation, we present a multi-scale and end-to-end convolutional network architecture where an optimal graph-edge weight can be ...

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    11. Multimodal imaging analyses of hyperreflective dot-like lesions in acute syphilitic posterior placoid chorioretinopathy

      Multimodal imaging analyses of hyperreflective dot-like lesions in acute syphilitic posterior placoid chorioretinopathy

      Background Retrospective review of one acute syphilitic posterior placoid chorioretinitis (ASPPC) case with serological evidence of syphilis who had ocular signs and symptoms not attributable to other diseases. Enface and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography SD-OCT were analyzed at the time of presentation and at 1-month visit following initiation of treatment. The study patient underwent standard treatment for neurosyphilis. Results Ophthalmic examination and imaging studies were consistent with the diagnosis of ASPPC. The patient age was 33 year-old and the baseline visual acuity was 20/400 and 20/80 in the right and left eyes, respectively. At presentation, SD-OCT scans showed ...

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    12. Repeatability and Reproducibility of Foveal Avascular Zone Area Measurements Using AngioPlex Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Healthy Subjects

      Repeatability and Reproducibility of Foveal Avascular Zone Area Measurements Using AngioPlex Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Healthy Subjects

      Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area measurements using AngioPlex spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography in normal subjects. Methods: Twenty-two healthy subjects (25 eyes) underwent FAZ area measurements with AngioPlex OCT. Each volunteer was separately examined 3 consecutive times by the 2 experienced observers. The FAZ area was measured using ImageJ software. Intraobserver repeatability was evaluated by calculating the coefficient of variation (CoV) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Interobserver reproducibility was also assessed using the Bland-Altman test and concordance correlation coefficient (CCC). Results: The FAZ areas ...

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    13. OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY CHANGES IN EARLY TYPE 3 NEOVASCULARIZATION AFTER ANTI-VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR TREATMENT

      OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY CHANGES IN EARLY TYPE 3 NEOVASCULARIZATION AFTER ANTI-VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR TREATMENT

      Purpose: To investigate the morphologic changes on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) of treatment-naive Type 3 neovascularization secondary to exudative age-related macular degeneration after 1 year of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy. Methods: Consecutive patients diagnosed with treatment-naive early-stage Type 3 neovascularization were enrolled in this retrospective study. All patients underwent color fundus photographs/MultiColor (Heidelberg Engineering) imaging, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, structural spectral domain OCT, and OCTA Optovue RTVue XR Avanti (Optovue) at baseline, and repeated OCTA and structural spectral domain OCT at Month 12. Qualitative analysis of the 3 x 3 OCTA examinations at baseline and Month ...

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    14. Microarchitecture of Schlemm Canal Before and After Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty in Enhanced Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography

      Microarchitecture of Schlemm Canal Before and After Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty in Enhanced Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose: To characterize the in vivo effect of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) on the Schlemm canal (SC) in eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Materials and Methods: Eighty-one serial horizontal enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomograph B-scans (interval between B-scans, ~35 [mu]m) of the nasal corneoscleral limbus were obtained before and 4 weeks after SLT. Fifty B-scans in the overlapping regions before and after SLT were selected for analysis based on the structures of aqueous and blood vessels as landmarks. The SC cross-sectional area (CSA) was measured in each selected B-scan and averaged to generate the mean SC CSA ...

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    15. Quantitative Retinal Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Patients With Diabetes Without Diabetic Retinopathy

      Quantitative Retinal Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Patients With Diabetes Without Diabetic Retinopathy

      Purpose : To compare optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiographic parameters in retina and choriocapillaris between control subjects and diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy (NDR). Correlations were studied between OCT angiography parameters, retinal structure parameters, and systemic characteristics in all subjects. Methods : Sixty-two patients were included in the study: control subjects ( n = 33) and patients with NDR ( n = 29). Optical coherence topography angiographic parameters were as follows: vessel density (%) (in superficial, deep retinal vessel plexus and in choriocapillary layer) and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area (mm 2 ) in superficial and deep retinal vessel plexus of parafovea. Split-spectrum amplitude decorrelation angiography (SSADA) software ...

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    16. Application of CASIA SS-1000 Optical Coherence Tomography Tear Meniscus Imaging in Testing the Efficacy of New Strip Meniscometry in Dry Eye Diagnosis

      Application of CASIA SS-1000 Optical Coherence Tomography Tear Meniscus Imaging in Testing the Efficacy of New Strip Meniscometry in Dry Eye Diagnosis

      Purpose: To investigate the applicability of CASIA SS-1000 anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) imaging parameters in testing the efficacy of the new strip meniscometry (SM) namely "Strip Meniscometry Tube" (SMTube) in the diagnosis of dry eyes. Methods: Forty-three eyes of 22 patients (4 men and 18 women) with definite dry eye disease (DED) and 49 eyes of 28 normal controls (6 men and 22 women) were studied. All subjects underwent symptom questionnaires, SMTube, the Schirmer-1 test, tear film break-up time measurement, vital staining examinations, as well as tear meniscus height (TMH) and TM area (TMA) measurements using an AS-OCT system ...

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    17. NEOVASCULARIZATION SECONDARY TO HIGH MYOPIA IMAGED BY OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      NEOVASCULARIZATION SECONDARY TO HIGH MYOPIA IMAGED BY OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      Purpose: To describe the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) characteristics of active myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and to compare its sensitivity versus fluorescein angiography and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Methods: Consecutive highly myopic patients complicated with active myopic CNV were prospectively included. The OCTA features were analyzed and correlated with the findings of conventional imaging (spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and fluorescein angiography). Results: Twenty eyes of 19 patients (mean age: 59.6 +/- 12.1 years, mean spherical equivalent: -13.5 +/- 3.6 diopters) presenting with both treatment-naive CNV and recurrent CNV were included in the analysis. The OCTA showed a ...

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    18. Optical coherence tomography angiography microvascular findings in macular edema due to central and branch retinal vein occlusions

      Optical coherence tomography angiography microvascular findings in macular edema due to central and branch retinal vein occlusions

      The aim of this study was to evaluate retinal and choriocapillaris vessel density using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in eyes with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) complicated by macular edema (ME). Sixty eyes of 60 patients with CRVO or BRVO and ME and 40 healthy subjects underwent measurements of superficial and deep foveal and parafoveal vessel density (FVD, PFVD) and choricapillary density using OCTA at baseline and 60 days after intravitreal dexamethasone implant (IVDEX). FVD and PFVD of the superficial plexus were not significantly lower in CRVO group compared to the controls while ...

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    19. Investigation of the variability of anterior chamber scan protocol with Cirrus high definition optical coherence tomography

      Investigation of the variability of anterior chamber scan protocol with Cirrus high definition optical coherence tomography

      Importance The evaluation of anterior chamber scan (ACS) of Cirrus optical coherence tomography (OCT) for routine clinical use Background To assess the variability of anterior chamber angle (ACA) measurements using the ACS Design Cross-sectional observational study Participants Forty subjects aged 40-80 years Methods One randomly selected eye from 40 subjects was imaged with Cirrus OCT (model 5000, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA) by two different operators (expert vs non-expert) with a 15-minute interval for inter- and intra-observer variability of image acquisition. For image grading, the angle opening distance (AOD750) and the trabecular iris space area (TISA750) of nasal and temporal ...

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    20. OCT angiography offers dual advantage of imaging structure, blood flow

      OCT angiography offers dual advantage of imaging structure, blood flow

      tate-of-the-art of optical coherence tomography angiography in 2017 is for diagnosis and management of neovascularization, according to a speaker here. “It’s a single device, two modalities,” Jay S. Duker, MD , said at Retina 2017. “And once you get over the initial cost of buying OCTA, there’s really not a lot of added cost. It’s a few seconds of chair time per eye.” Jay S. Duker OCT angiography allows clinicians to view both the structure and blood flow of the retinal and choroidal tissue simultaneously via three-dimensional angiograms, providing a tool for diagnosing neovascularization and other abnormalities. It ...

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    21. Agreement Between Three Optical Coherence Tomography Devices to Assess the Insertion Distance and Thickness of Horizontal Rectus Muscles

      Agreement Between Three Optical Coherence Tomography Devices to Assess the Insertion Distance and Thickness of Horizontal Rectus Muscles

      PURPOSE: To assess the agreement between two different spectral domain (SD-OCT) and one swept source (SS-OCT) optical coherence tomography device to measure the insertion distance and the thickness of the horizontal rectus muscles. . METHODS: Seventy eyes from 35 healthy patients were studied. Three OCT instruments—Spectralis (Heidelberg Engineering Inc., Heidelberg, Germany), Cirrus 5000 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA), and Triton (Topcon, Inc., Tokyo, Japan)—were used to measure the limbus insertion distance and the thickness of the lateral rectus and medial rectus muscles. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated to determine the reproducibility and the agreement between the three ...

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    22. Distinguishing features of acute Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease and acute central serous chorioretinopathy on optical coherence tomography angiography and en face optical coherence tomography imaging

      Distinguishing features of acute Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease and acute central serous chorioretinopathy on optical coherence tomography angiography and en face optical coherence tomography imaging

      Background The aim of this study is to determine the differences in optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) features of acute Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH) and acute central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Clinical and imaging data of patients with acute CSC and VKH in a tertiary-care institute were analyzed. Multimodal imaging including fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), and enhanced-depth imaging OCT were performed. OCTA images were analyzed for alterations in retinochoroidal microvasculature. Results Thirty-four eyes (24 patients; 10 with VKH and 14 with CSC) were included. OCTA en face images showed apparent areas of choriocapillaris flow void due to shadowing effect from ...

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      Mentions: Vishali Gupta
    23. Waheed gives four steps for detecting CNV with OCT angiography

      Waheed gives four steps for detecting CNV with OCT angiography

      Even though fluorescein angiography plus high-resolution optical coherence tomography is the gold standard for detecting neovascularization, OCT angiography does a better job than FA in some situations, Nadia K. Waheed , MD, said at Retina 2017. However, interpreting the OCT angiography findings can be time consuming, with the reader needing sometimes to scroll through entire data sets. In cases of suspected choroidal neovascularization, Waheed offered guidance to help OCT angiography users interpret the data. First, she said, make sure to look at the right spot using the 3 by 3 scan to provide the highest resolution. “The second step that I ...

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