1. Articles from Stanislava Fialova

    1-10 of 10
    1. In Vivo Characterization of Spontaneous Retinal Neovascularization in the Mouse Eye by Multifunctional Optical Coherence Tomography

      In Vivo Characterization of Spontaneous Retinal Neovascularization in the Mouse Eye by Multifunctional Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose : To investigate the early development of spontaneous retinal neovascularization in the murine retina by a multifunctional optical coherence tomography approach. To characterize involved tissue changes in vivo and describe structural and functional changes over time. Methods : A multifunctional optical coherence tomography (OCT) system providing 3-fold contrast comprising reflectivity, polarization sensitivity, and OCT angiography (OCTA) was utilized to image very-low-density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) knockout mice. Baseline measurements were acquired as early as postnatal day 14 and a follow-up of neovascularization development was performed until the age of 3 months. Control mice were imaged accordingly and a multiparametric image analysis was ...

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    2. Ocular fundus pulsations within the posterior rat eye: Chorioscleral motion and response to elevated intraocular pressure

      Ocular fundus pulsations within the posterior rat eye: Chorioscleral motion and response to elevated intraocular pressure

      A multi-functional optical coherence tomography (OCT) approach is presented to determine ocular fundus pulsations as an axial displacement between the retina and the chorioscleral complex in the albino rat eye. By combining optical coherence elastography and OCT angiography (OCTA), we measure subtle deformations in the nanometer range within the eye and simultaneously map retinal and choroidal perfusion. The conventional OCT reflectivity contrast serves as a backbone to segment the retina and to define several slabs which are subsequently used for quantitative ocular pulsation measurements as well as for a qualitative exploration of the multi-functional OCT image data. The proposed concept ...

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    3. Visible light spectral domain optical coherence microscopy system for ex vivo imaging

      Visible light spectral domain optical coherence microscopy system for ex vivo imaging

      A visible light spectral domain optical coherence microscopy system operating in the wavelength range of 450-680 nm was developed. The resulting large wavelength range of 230 nm enabled an ultrahigh axial resolution of 0.88μm in tissue. The setup consisted of a Michelson interferometer combined with a homemade spectrometer with a spectral resolution of 0.03 nm. Scanning of 1 x 1 mm 2 and 0.5 x 0.5 mm 2 areas was performed by an integrated microelectromechanical mirror. After scanning the light beam is focused onto the tissue by a commercial objective with a 10 x magnification ...

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    4. Posterior rat eye during acute intraocular pressure elevation studied using polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Posterior rat eye during acute intraocular pressure elevation studied using polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) operating at 840 nm with axial resolution of 3.8 µm in tissue was used for investigating the posterior rat eye during an acute intraocular pressure (IOP) increase experiment. IOP was elevated in the eyes of anesthetized Sprague Dawley rats by cannulation of the anterior chamber. Three dimensional PS-OCT data sets were acquired at IOP levels between 14 mmHg and 105 mmHg. Maps of scleral birefringence, retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) retardation and relative RNFL/retina reflectivity were generated in the peripapillary area and quantitatively analyzed. All investigated parameters showed a substantial correlation with ...

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    5. Multi-Functional OCT Enables Longitudinal Study of Retinal Changes in a VLDLR Knockout Mouse Model

      Multi-Functional OCT Enables Longitudinal Study of Retinal Changes in a VLDLR Knockout Mouse Model

      We present a multi-functional optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging approach to study retinal changes in the very-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor (VLDLR) knockout mouse model with a threefold contrast. In the retinas of VLDLR knockout mice spontaneous retinal-chorodoidal neovascularizations form, having an appearance similar to choroidal and retinal neovascularizations (CNV and RNV) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP). For this longitudinal study, the mice were imaged every 4 to 6 weeks starting with an age of 4 weeks and following up to the age of 11 months. Significant retinal changes were identified by the multi-functional imaging approach offering a ...

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    6. Polarization properties of single layers in the posterior eyes of mice and rats investigated using high resolution polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Polarization properties of single layers in the posterior eyes of mice and rats investigated using high resolution polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      We present a high resolution polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) system for ocular imaging in rodents. The system operates at 840 nm and uses a broadband superluminescent diode providing an axial resolution of 5.1 µm in air. PS-OCT data was acquired at 83 kHz A-scan rate by two identical custom-made spectrometers for orthogonal polarization states. Pigmented (Brown Norway, Long Evans) and non-pigmented (Sprague Dawley) rats as well as pigmented mice (C57BL/6) were imaged. Melanin pigment related depolarization was analyzed in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choroid of these animals using the degree of polarization uniformity (DOPU ...

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    7. Melanin Pigmentation in Rat Eyes: In Vivo Imaging by Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography and Comparison to Histology

      Melanin Pigmentation in Rat Eyes: In Vivo Imaging by Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography and Comparison to Histology

      Purpose : The purpose of this study was to demonstrate polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) for imaging pigmented structures in the posterior eye segments of albino and pigmented rats and to correlate depolarization contrast of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choroid in in vivo PS-OCT to melanin pigmentation detected in postmortem histologic serial sections. Methods : In vivo three-dimensional PS-OCT imaging was performed in adult albino and pigmented rat eyes at 70-kHz A-line rate. Degree of polarization uniformity (DOPU) fundus maps and radial DOPU profiles were generated. Postmortem histomorphologic analysis was performed in order to investigate melanin pigmentation of the RPE ...

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    8. Comparison of the polarization properties in the retinas of different rodents using high resolution polarization sensitive OCT

      Comparison of the polarization properties in the retinas of different rodents using high resolution polarization sensitive OCT

      Animal models play an important role for understanding the pathophysiology of glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration. With these models, longitudinal studies can be performed and therefore there is need for non-invasive evaluation of disease progress. For that purpose optical coherence tomography (OCT) can be used. Since tissues with different polarization properties are important in these diseases, polarization sensitive OCT (PS-OCT) could be a valuable tool in preclinical research. In this work a high resolution PS-OCT (HR-PS-OCT) system was used in-vivo for rodent retinal imaging. A super luminescent diode with a bandwidth of 100 nm was used as a light source ...

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    9. In vivo imaging of retinal and choroidal vasculature in the rodent eye using optical coherence tomography

      In vivo imaging of retinal and choroidal vasculature in the rodent eye using optical coherence tomography

      In vivo imaging technologies such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) and rodent models enable longitudinal studies of different ophthalmic pathologies and their underlying physiological changes. In this work a custom-made high resolution polarization sensitive OCT system is used to image the posterior eye of small rodents like mice and rats. Enface projections at certain depths/levels in the three-dimensional (3D) reflectivity images enable to visualize different vascular structures in the retina as well as in the choroid. Further, phase resolved motion contrast based OCT angiography allows to create vascular maps with a high contrast to distinguish between static tissue and ...

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    10. Peripapillary rat sclera investigated in vivo with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Peripapillary rat sclera investigated in vivo with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Purpose: To demonstrate polarization sensitive (PS) optical coherence tomography (OCT) for non-invasive, volumetric, and quantitative imaging of the birefringent properties of the peripapillary rat sclera. To compare the findings in PS-OCT images to state-of-the-art histomorphometric analysis of the same tissues. Methods: A high-speed PS-OCT prototype operating at 840 nm was modified for imaging the rat eye. Densely sampled PS-OCT raster scans covering an area of ~1.5 mm × 1.5 mm centered at the papilla were acquired in the eyes of anesthetized, male Sprague Dawley rats. Cross-sectional PS-OCT images were computed and fundus maps displaying the birefringent properties of the ...

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    1-10 of 10
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    1. (10 articles) Medical University of Vienna
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    Peripapillary rat sclera investigated in vivo with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography In vivo imaging of retinal and choroidal vasculature in the rodent eye using optical coherence tomography Comparison of the polarization properties in the retinas of different rodents using high resolution polarization sensitive OCT Melanin Pigmentation in Rat Eyes: In Vivo Imaging by Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography and Comparison to Histology Polarization properties of single layers in the posterior eyes of mice and rats investigated using high resolution polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography Multi-Functional OCT Enables Longitudinal Study of Retinal Changes in a VLDLR Knockout Mouse Model Posterior rat eye during acute intraocular pressure elevation studied using polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography Visible light spectral domain optical coherence microscopy system for ex vivo imaging Ocular fundus pulsations within the posterior rat eye: Chorioscleral motion and response to elevated intraocular pressure In Vivo Characterization of Spontaneous Retinal Neovascularization in the Mouse Eye by Multifunctional Optical Coherence Tomography Changes in the OCT angiographic appearance of type 1 and type 2 CNV in exudative AMD during anti-VEGF treatment Optical coherence angiography for pre-treatment assessment and treatment monitoring following photodynamic therapy: a basal cell carcinoma patient study