1. Articles from Yi Chen

    1-15 of 15
    1. High-Risk Culprit Plaque Predicts Cardiovascular Outcomes Independently of Plaque Rupture in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Insight From Optical Coherence Tomography

      High-Risk Culprit Plaque Predicts Cardiovascular Outcomes Independently of Plaque Rupture in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Insight From Optical Coherence Tomography

      The present study explored the predictive value of culprit high-risk plaque (HRP) detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) for predicting major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). HRP was defined as the simultaneous presence of four criteria: minimum lumen area <3.5 mm 2 , fibrous cap thickness <75 μm, lipid plaque with lipid arc extension >180°, and presence of macrophages. Patients (n = 274) were divided into non-HRP group (n = 206) and HRP group (n = 68). MACEs were defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and revascularization. During a mean follow-up of ...

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    2. Prognostic value of characteristics of plaque combined with residual syntax score among patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Prognostic value of characteristics of plaque combined with residual syntax score among patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Aim: The present study aimed to explore these characteristics, particularly thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), in relation to residual syntax score (rSS) in patients who presented with acute MI. Methods and outcomes: A total of 434 consecutive patients with MI aged ≥18 years who had STEMI underwent primary PCI. Notably, compared with other subgroups, the presence of TCFA in culprit lesions and a higher level of rSS, were significantly associated with MACE. When rSS was divided into three groups, high rSS levels were associated with a higher incidence of MACE, in the subgroups of without TCFA (P = 0.005), plaque erosion (P ...

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    3. Culprit-Plaque Morphology and Residual SYNTAX Score Predict Cardiovascular Risk in Acute Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Culprit-Plaque Morphology and Residual SYNTAX Score Predict Cardiovascular Risk in Acute Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Aims: Culprit-plaque morphology [plaque rupture (PR) and plaque erosion (PE)] and high-risk plaques (HRP) identified by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and residual SYNTAX score (rSS) have been reported to influence clinical outcomes. Thus, in this study, we aimed to investigate the prognostic implication of culprit-plaque morphology and rSS for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: Based on plaque morphology and rSS, 274 STEMI patients were divided into 4 groups: PE/low-rSS (n=61), PE/high-rSS (n=58), PR/low-rSS (n=55), and PR/high-rSS (n=100). According to HRP and rSS, patients ...

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    4. Plasma Pentraxin-3 Combined with Plaque Characteristics Predict Cardiovascular Risk in ST-Segment Elevated Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Plasma Pentraxin-3 Combined with Plaque Characteristics Predict Cardiovascular Risk in ST-Segment Elevated Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background: Culprit‑plaque morphology [plaque rupture (PR) and plaque erosion (PE) identified by optical coherence tomography (OCT)] and biomarker of vascular inflammation, pentraxin-3 (PTX3), have been reported to influence clinical outcomes in coronary diseases. We aimed to investigate the prognostic implication of culprit-plaque morphology and plasma PTX3 for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: A total of 236 patients were enrolled and divided into four groups: PE/low-PTX3 (n = 57), PE/high-PTX3 (n = 47), PR/low-PTX3 (n = 78) and PR/high-PTX3 (n = 54). MACE was defined as the composite of all-cause death ...

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    5. Prognostic Value of Characteristics of Plaque Combined With Residual Syntax Score Among Patients With STEMI Undergoing Primary PCI: an Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Prognostic Value of Characteristics of Plaque Combined With Residual Syntax Score Among Patients With STEMI Undergoing Primary PCI: an Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Aim The present study aimed to explore these characteristics, particularly thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), in relation to residual syntax score (rSS) in patients who presented with acute MI. Methods and outcomes A total of 434 consecutive patients with MI aged ≥18 years who had STEMI underwent primary PCI. Notably, compared with other subgroups, the presence of TCFA in culprit lesions and a higher level of rSS, were significantly associated with MACE. When rSS was divided into three groups, high rSS levels were associated with a higher incidence of MACE, in the subgroups of without TCFA ( P = 0.005), plaque erosion ( P ...

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    6. Residual SYNTAX Score in Relation to Coronary Culprit Plaque Characteristics and Cardiovascular Risk in ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: an Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Residual SYNTAX Score in Relation to Coronary Culprit Plaque Characteristics and Cardiovascular Risk in ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: an Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      This study aimed to investigate the association of high-risk culprit plaque features by optical coherence tomography (OCT) with residual SYNTAX score (rSS) and the predictive value of rSS for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We included 274 patients and divided them into 3 groups - rSS=0 (n=72), 0<rSS≤8 (n=134), and rSS>8 (n=68). There were significant differences in plaque characteristics among three groups (plaque rupture: 44.4% versus 59.0% versus 64.7%, lowest to highest rSS, p=0.040; OCT-defined high-risk plaques: 16.7% versus ...

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    7. Triglyceride glucose index combined with plaque characteristics as a novel biomarker for cardiovascular outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-elevated myocardial infarction patients: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Triglyceride glucose index combined with plaque characteristics as a novel biomarker for cardiovascular outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-elevated myocardial infarction patients: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Abstract Background and aim This prospective study explored plaque morphology according to the underlying culprit lesion pathology (rupture versus erosion) in relation to the triglyceride glucose (TyG) index in patients with acute ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention and optical coherence tomography (OCT) for culprit lesions to elucidate the effects of the TyG index and type of plaque on the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Methods and outcomes A total of 274 patients with STEMI aged ≥ 18 years who underwent pre-intervention OCT imaging of culprit lesions between March 2017 and March 2019 ...

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    8. Association of Trimethylamine N-Oxide Levels and Calcification in Culprit Lesion Segments in Patients With ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction Evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Association of Trimethylamine N-Oxide Levels and Calcification in Culprit Lesion Segments in Patients With ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction Evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography

      The presence of calcified plaques is one of the pathological phenotypes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and can be frequently found in culprit lesion segments. Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is reported to be involved in vascular calcification and plaque instability. This study investigated the relationship between plasma TMAO levels and calcified lesions in culprit lesion segments in STEMI patients. A prospective series of 179 patients with STEMI were enrolled, and calcified lesions from 127 patients were analyzed by OCT. The plasma TMAO levels were measured by using stable isotope dilution liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Patients were divided into two groups ...

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    9. Association of plasma trimethylamine N-Oxide level with healed culprit plaques examined by optical coherence tomography in patients with ST-Segment elevation myocardial infarction

      Association of plasma trimethylamine N-Oxide level with healed culprit plaques examined by optical coherence tomography in patients with ST-Segment elevation myocardial infarction

      Background and aims: Healed plaque is a hallmark of previous regional plaque rupture or erosion. We hypothesized that the plasma level of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is related to healed culprit plaque in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Methods and results: A prospective cohort of 206 patients with STEMI, who were examined by optical coherence tomography (OCT) was enrolled in our study. After exclusion, 156 patients were categorized into healed plaque (n = 54) and nonhealed plaque (n = 102) groups. Plasma TMAO levels were detected by stable isotope dilution liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in these two groups. Increased age and ...

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    10. Retinal Boundary Segmentation in Stargardt Disease Optical Coherence Tomography Images Using Automated

      Retinal Boundary Segmentation in Stargardt Disease Optical Coherence Tomography Images Using Automated

      Purpose : To use a deep learning model to develop a fully automated method (fully semantic network and graph search [FS-GS]) of retinal segmentation for optical coherence tomography (OCT) images from patients with Stargardt disease. Methods : Eighty-seven manually segmented (ground truth) OCT volume scan sets (5171 B-scans) from 22 patients with Stargardt disease were used for training, validation and testing of a novel retinal boundary detection approach (FS-GS) that combines a fully semantic deep learning segmentation method, which generates a per-pixel class prediction map with a graph-search method to extract retinal boundary positions. The performance was evaluated using the mean absolute ...

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    11. Patterns of Retinal Ganglion Cell Damage in Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Assessed by Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Patterns of Retinal Ganglion Cell Damage in Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Assessed by Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography

      Objective: To evaluate the ability of macular ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer (mGCIPL) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measurements by long-wavelength swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) to assess retinal ganglion cell (RGC) damage in nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). Methods: A retrospective study of 20 patients with unilateral NAION was performed. SS-OCT scanning of the macular and peripapillary areas was performed to measure the total and six-sector thicknesses of macular RNFL (mRNFL) and mGCIPL, as well as peripapillary RNFL (pRNFL) thicknesses in global and 12 clock-hour sectors. Further comparison of these thicknesses between NAION involved eyes ...

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    12. Discordant vascular parameter measurements in diabetic and non-diabetic eyes detected by different optical coherence tomography angiography devices

      Discordant vascular parameter measurements in diabetic and non-diabetic eyes detected by different optical coherence tomography angiography devices

      Purpose To compare quantitative changes in macular parameters in diabetic patients detected by two optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) instruments. Methods 80 phakic eyes were classified as no diabetes, diabetes without diabetic retinopathy (DR), mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), and severe NPDR or proliferative DR (PDR). OCTA was performed using devices from two manufacturers (Zeiss and Heidelberg). Superficial and deeper vascular skeleton density (SVSD, DVSD), superficial and deeper vessel area density (SVAD, DVAD), choriocapillaris flow voids (CCFV), and choroidal flow voids (CFV) were calculated. Inter-device comparisons were performed using the size comparison index (SCI) and the discrepancy index (DI). Results ...

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    13. Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion Secondary To A Retinal Arteriolar Macroaneurysm: A Novel Mechanism Supported By Multimodal Imaging

      Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion Secondary To A Retinal Arteriolar Macroaneurysm: A Novel Mechanism Supported By Multimodal Imaging

      Background/Purpose: To report a case of a branch retinal vein occlusion secondary to a retinal arteriolar macroaneurysm (RAM). Methods: Retrospective case report describing examination findings, treatment outcome and unique multimodal imaging features demonstrated on fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, optical coherence tomography angiography and adaptive optics photography of the retinal vessels and RAM. Results: A 61-year-old man presented with 20/200 vision in the right eye because of a branch retinal vein occlusion secondary to a RAM. After sector panretinal photocoagulation and a course of 24 intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor injections over 4 years, visual acuity improved to ...

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    14. Impact of retinal pigment epithelium pathology on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography-derived macular thickness and volume metrics and their intersession repeatability

      Impact of retinal pigment epithelium pathology on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography-derived macular thickness and volume metrics and their intersession repeatability

      Background To determine the impact of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) pathology on intersession repeatability of retinal thickness and volume metrics derived from Spectralis spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Design Prospective cross-sectional single centre study. Participants 56 eyes of 56 subjects were divided into 3 groups: (A) normal RPE band (25 eyes), (B) RPE elevation: macular soft drusen (13 eyes) and (C) RPE attenuation: geographic atrophy or inherited retinal diseases (18 eyes). Methods Each subject underwent three consecutive follow-up macular raster scans (61 B-scans at 119 micron separation) at 1-month intervals. Main outcome measures Retinal thicknesses and volumes for each zone ...

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    15. Advanced Technologies for Touchless Fingerprint Recognition

      A fingerprint capture consists of touching or rolling a finger onto a rigid sensing surface. During this act, the elastic skin of the finger deforms. The quantity and direction of the pressure applied by the user, the skin conditions, and the projection of an irregular 3D object (the finger) onto a 2D flat plane introduce distortions, noise, and inconsistencies on the captured fingerprint image. Due to these negative effects, the representation of the same fingerprint changes every time the finger is placed on the sensor platen, increasing the complexity of the fingerprint matching and representing a negative influence on the ...
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    1-15 of 15
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    1. (6 articles) Chinese Academy of Sciences
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    Impact of retinal pigment epithelium pathology on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography-derived macular thickness and volume metrics and their intersession repeatability Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion Secondary To A Retinal Arteriolar Macroaneurysm: A Novel Mechanism Supported By Multimodal Imaging Discordant vascular parameter measurements in diabetic and non-diabetic eyes detected by different optical coherence tomography angiography devices Patterns of Retinal Ganglion Cell Damage in Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Assessed by Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Retinal Boundary Segmentation in Stargardt Disease Optical Coherence Tomography Images Using Automated Association of plasma trimethylamine N-Oxide level with healed culprit plaques examined by optical coherence tomography in patients with ST-Segment elevation myocardial infarction Association of Trimethylamine N-Oxide Levels and Calcification in Culprit Lesion Segments in Patients With ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction Evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography Plasma Pentraxin-3 Combined with Plaque Characteristics Predict Cardiovascular Risk in ST-Segment Elevated Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study High-Risk Culprit Plaque Predicts Cardiovascular Outcomes Independently of Plaque Rupture in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Insight From Optical Coherence Tomography The truth about invisible posterior vitreous structures Increased Macrophage-like Cell Density in Retinal Vein Occlusion as Characterized by en Face Optical Coherence Tomography The Influence of Eyelid Position and Environmental Conditions on the Corneal Changes in Early Postmortem Interval: A Prospective, Multicentric OCT Study