1. Articles from Leo A. Kim

    1-13 of 13
    1. Nonperfusion Area and Other Vascular Metrics by Wider Field Swept-Source OCT Angiography as Biomarkers of Diabetic Retinopathy Severity

      Nonperfusion Area and Other Vascular Metrics by Wider Field Swept-Source OCT Angiography as Biomarkers of Diabetic Retinopathy Severity

      Purpose: To study the wider field swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (WF SS-OCTA) metrics, especially non-perfusion area (NPA), in the diagnosing and staging of DR. Design: Cross-sectional observational study (November 2018-September 2020). Participants: 473 eyes of 286 patients (69 eyes of 49 control patients and 404 eyes of 237 diabetic patients). Methods: We imaged using 6mm×6mm and 12mm×12mm angiograms on WF SS-OCTA. Images were analyzed using the ARI Network and FIJI ImageJ. Mixed effects multiple regression models and receiver operator characteristic analysis was used for statistical analyses. Main outcome measures: Quantitative metrics such as vessel density (VD); vessel ...

      Read Full Article
    2. Quantifying Retinal Microvascular Morphology in Schizophrenia Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Quantifying Retinal Microvascular Morphology in Schizophrenia Using Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Background: Retinovascular changes are reported on fundus imaging in schizophrenia (SZ). This is the first study to use swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) to comprehensively examine retinal microvascular changes in SZ. Methods: This study included 30 patients with SZ/schizoaffective disorder (8 early and 15 chronic) and 22 healthy controls (HCs). All assessments were performed at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Massachusetts Eye and Ear. All participants underwent swept-source OCT-A of right (oculus dextrus [OD]) and left (oculus sinister [OS]) eye, clinical, and cognitive assessments. Macular OCT-A images (6 × 6 mm) were collected with the DRI Topcon Triton ...

      Read Full Article
    3. Wide-field swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in the assessment of retinal microvasculature and choroidal thickness in patients with myopia

      Wide-field swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in the assessment of retinal microvasculature and choroidal thickness in patients with myopia

      Background/aims: Pathological myopia (PM) is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. We aimed to evaluate microvascular and chorioretinal changes in different stages of myopia with wide-field (WF) swept-source (SS) optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: This prospective cross-sectional observational study included 186 eyes of 122 patients who had undergone imaging between November 2018 and October 2020. Vessel density (VD) and vessel skeletonised density (VSD) of superficial capillary plexus, deep capillary plexus and whole retina, as well as foveal avascular zone parameters, retinal thickness (RT) and choroidal thickness (CT), were calculated. Results: This study evaluated 75 eyes of 48 patients ...

      Read Full Article
    4. Inter-device reliability of swept source and spectral domain optical coherence tomography and retinal layer differences in schizophrenia

      Inter-device reliability of swept source and spectral domain optical coherence tomography and retinal layer differences in schizophrenia

      Introduction Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used to study retinal structure in schizophrenia. Changes in retinal structure, especially the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) has been correlated with psychotic disorders. Measurement variability is a concern since there are various generations of OCT devices. We investigated the inter- and intra-device agreement of macular thickness between spectral domain (SD−OCT) and swept source−OCT (SS−OCT), and compared macula and peripapillary group differences in schizophrenia using SS−OCT. Methods Macular OCT thickness was obtained for schizophrenia (SZ, n = 30) and healthy controls (HC, n = 22) subjects using SD−OCT (Heidelberg Spectralis) and ...

      Read Full Article
    5. Widefield Swept-source OCT Angiography Metrics Associated with the Development of Diabetic Vitreous Hemorrhage A Prospective Study

      Widefield Swept-source OCT Angiography Metrics Associated with the Development of Diabetic Vitreous Hemorrhage A Prospective Study

      Objective: To investigate the association among widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (WF SS-OCTA) metrics and systemic parameters and the occurrence of vitreous hemorrhage (VH) in eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Design: Prospective, observational study. Participants: Fifty-five eyes from 45 adults with PDR, with no history of VH, followed for at least 3 months. Methods: All patients were imaged with WF SS-OCTA (Montage 15×15mm and HD-51 Line scan). Images were independently evaluated by two graders for quantitative and qualitative WF SS-OCTA metrics defined a priori. Systemic and ocular parameters and WF SS-OCTA metrics were screened using Least Absolute ...

      Read Full Article
    6. Detection of neovascularisation in the vitreoretinal interface slab using widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic retinopathy

      Detection of neovascularisation in the vitreoretinal interface slab using widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic retinopathy

      Aims To compare the efficacy of diabetic retinal neovascularisation (NV) detection using the widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (WF SS-OCTA) vitreoretinal interface (VRI) Angio slab and SS-OCT VRI Structure slab. Methods A prospective, observational study was performed at Massachusetts Eye and Ear from January 2019 to June 2020. Patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy and patients with diabetes but without diabetic retinopathy were included. All patients were imaged with WF SS-OCTA using the 12×12 mm Angio scan protocol centred on the fovea and optic disc. The en-face SS-OCTA VRI Angio slab and SS-OCT ...

      Read Full Article
    7. A quantitative comparison of four optical coherence tomography angiography devices in healthy eyes

      A quantitative comparison of four optical coherence tomography angiography devices in healthy eyes

      Purpose Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) is a novel imaging modality for the diagnosis of chorioretinal diseases. A number of FDA-approved OCT-A devices are currently commercially available, each with unique algorithms and scanning protocols. Although several published studies have compared different combinations of OCT-A machines, there is a lack of agreement on the consistency of measurements across OCT-A devices. Therefore, we conducted a prospective quantitative comparison of four available OCT-A platforms. Methods Subjects were scanned on four devices: Optovue RTVue-XR, Heidelberg Spectralis OCT2 module, Zeiss Plex Elite 9000 Swept-Source OCT, and Topcon DRI-OCT Triton Swept-Source OCT. 3 mm × 3 mm ...

      Read Full Article
    8. Comparison of widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography with ultra-widefield colour fundus photography and fluorescein angiography for detection of lesions in diabetic retinopathy

      Comparison of widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography with ultra-widefield colour fundus photography and fluorescein angiography for detection of lesions in diabetic retinopathy

      Aims To compare widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (WF SS-OCTA) with ultra-widefield colour fundus photography (UWF CFP) and fluorescein angiography (UWF FA) for detecting diabetic retinopathy (DR) lesions. Methods This prospective, observational study was conducted at Massachusetts Eye and Ear from December 2018 to October 2019. Proliferative DR, non-proliferative DR and diabetic patients with no DR were included. All patients were imaged with a WF SS-OCTA using a Montage 15×15 mm scan. UWF CFP and UWF FA were taken by a 200°, single capture retinal imaging system. Images were independently evaluated for the presence or absence of DR ...

      Read Full Article
    9. Retinal Microvasculature Changes After Repair of Macula-off Retinal Detachment Assessed with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Retinal Microvasculature Changes After Repair of Macula-off Retinal Detachment Assessed with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Objective: To characterize the microvascular retinal changes after repair of macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). Patients and Methods: A retrospective review of patients who underwent repair of macula-off RRD. Fellow unaffected eyes were used as controls. Post-operative OCT-A allowed comparison of vessel density (VD) and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area in the superficial and deep retinal capillary plexus (DCP) as well as VD in the choriocapillaris layer. Results: Seventeen eyes of 17 RRD patients were included in the final analysis. There was a reduction in VD of the deep retinal capillary plexus in affected ...

      Read Full Article
    10. Different Scan Protocols Affect the Detection Rates of Diabetic Retinopathy Lesions by Wide-field Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Different Scan Protocols Affect the Detection Rates of Diabetic Retinopathy Lesions by Wide-field Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Purpose To compare different scan protocols of wide field swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) for the detection of diabetic retinopathy (DR) lesions. Design Comparison of diagnostic approaches. Methods A prospective, observational study was conducted at Mass Eye and Ear from December 2018 to July 2019. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) and diabetic patients without DR were included. All patients were imaged with a SS-OCTA using following scan protocol: Angio 3mm×3mm centered on fovea, Angio 6mm×6mm centered on fovea and optic disc, Montage 15mm×9mm and Angio 12mm×12mm centered on fovea and optic disc ...

      Read Full Article
    11. Imaging Artifacts and Segmentation Errors With Wide-Field Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Diabetic Retinopathy

      Imaging Artifacts and Segmentation Errors With Wide-Field Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Diabetic Retinopathy

      Purpose : To analyze imaging artifacts and segmentation errors with wide-field swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) in diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods : We conducted a prospective, observational study at Massachusetts Eye and Ear from December 2018 to March 2019. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), diabetic patients with no diabetic retinopathy (DR), and healthy control eyes were included. All patients were imaged with a SS-OCTA and the Montage Angio (15 × 9 mm) was used for analysis. Images were independently evaluated by two graders using the motion artifact score (MAS). All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 25.0 and ...

      Read Full Article
    12. ACUTE POSTERIOR MULTIFOCAL PLACOID PIGMENT EPITHELIOPATHY ON OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      ACUTE POSTERIOR MULTIFOCAL PLACOID PIGMENT EPITHELIOPATHY ON OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY

      Purpose: To investigate choroidal involvement in acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE). Methods: A retrospective observational case series using multimodal imaging including optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography. Results: Five patients with APMPPE were included. In most acute lesions, OCT angiography revealed outer retinal and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) hyperreflective lesions with attenuated OCT signal in the underlying choroid, but careful examination allowed us to identify a single lesion with decreased choriocapillaris flow outside the signal attenuation. Optical coherence tomography angiography obtained after healing of lesions revealed areas of hypointense circular flow voids clustered in groups surrounded by either isointense ...

      Read Full Article
    13. Fully automated detection of diabetic macular edema and dry age-related macular degeneration from optical coherence tomography images

      Fully automated detection of diabetic macular edema and dry age-related macular degeneration from optical coherence tomography images

      We present a novel fully automated algorithm for the detection of retinal diseases via optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. Our algorithm utilizes multiscale histograms of oriented gradient descriptors as feature vectors of a support vector machine based classifier. The spectral domain OCT data sets used for cross-validation consisted of volumetric scans acquired from 45 subjects: 15 normal subjects, 15 patients with dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and 15 patients with diabetic macular edema (DME). Our classifier correctly identified 100% of cases with AMD, 100% cases with DME, and 86.67% cases of normal subjects. This algorithm is a potentially impactful ...

      Read Full Article
    1-13 of 13
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks
  2. Topics in the News

    1. (10 articles) Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
    2. (10 articles) Harvard University
    3. (3 articles) Wenzhou Medical College
    4. (3 articles) Topcon Medical Systems
    5. (2 articles) Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
    6. (1 articles) Boston University
    7. (1 articles) Johns Hopkins University
    8. (1 articles) University of Michigan
    9. (1 articles) Cornell University
    10. (1 articles) Duke University
    11. (1 articles) Columbia University
    12. (1 articles) University of Rochester
    13. (1 articles) Stanford University
    14. (1 articles) Johns Hopkins University
    15. (1 articles) National University of Singapore
  3. Popular Articles

  4. Picture Gallery

    Fully automated detection of diabetic macular edema and dry age-related macular degeneration from optical coherence tomography images ACUTE POSTERIOR MULTIFOCAL PLACOID PIGMENT EPITHELIOPATHY ON OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY Imaging Artifacts and Segmentation Errors With Wide-Field Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Diabetic Retinopathy Different Scan Protocols Affect the Detection Rates of Diabetic Retinopathy Lesions by Wide-field Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Retinal Microvasculature Changes After Repair of Macula-off Retinal Detachment Assessed with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Comparison of widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography with ultra-widefield colour fundus photography and fluorescein angiography for detection of lesions in diabetic retinopathy A quantitative comparison of four optical coherence tomography angiography devices in healthy eyes Detection of neovascularisation in the vitreoretinal interface slab using widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic retinopathy Widefield Swept-source OCT Angiography Metrics Associated with the Development of Diabetic Vitreous Hemorrhage A Prospective Study Inter-device reliability of swept source and spectral domain optical coherence tomography and retinal layer differences in schizophrenia Optical coherence tomography findings in patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia Higher-order regression three-dimensional motion-compensation method for real-time optical coherence tomography volumetric imaging of the cornea