1. Articles from Andreas Ebneter

    1-14 of 14
    1. Expert-level Automated Biomarker Identification in Optical Coherence Tomography Scans

      Expert-level Automated Biomarker Identification in Optical Coherence Tomography Scans

      In ophthalmology, retinal biological markers, or biomarkers , play a critical role in the management of chronic eye conditions and in the development of new therapeutics. While many imaging technologies used today can visualize these, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is often the tool of choice due to its ability to image retinal structures in three dimensions at micrometer resolution. But with widespread use in clinical routine, and growing prevalence in chronic retinal conditions, the quantity of scans acquired worldwide is surpassing the capacity of retinal specialists to inspect these in meaningful ways. Instead, automated analysis of scans using machine learning algorithms ...

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    2. Repeatability of Wide-field Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Normal Retina

      Repeatability of Wide-field Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Normal Retina

      Purpose : We evaluated the repeatability of wide-field en face swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) in healthy subjects. Methods : Healthy subjects underwent two imaging sessions, on average 8 days apart, with a 100 kHz SS-OCTA instrument. The imaging protocol included a central 3 × 3 and 12 × 12 mm scans of the four quadrants resulting in more than a 70° wide-field OCTA of the posterior pole. Quantitative analysis was performed using the inbuilt Macular Density Algorithm Version v0.6.1 and AngioTool software. Consistency for the foveal avascular zone (FAZ), vessel density, and perfusion density of the superficial and deep capillary ...

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    3. Comparison of Choroidal Thickness Measurements Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Six Different Settings and With Customized Automated Segmentation Software

      Comparison of Choroidal Thickness Measurements Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Six Different Settings and With Customized Automated Segmentation Software

      Purpose : We investigate which spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) setting is superior when measuring subfoveal choroidal thickness (CT) and compared results to an automated segmentation software. Methods : Thirty patients underwent enhanced depth imaging (EDI)-OCT. B-scans were extracted in six different settings (W+N = white background/normal contrast 9; W+H = white background/maximum contrast 16; B+N = black background/normal contrast 12; B+H = black background/maximum contrast 16; C+N = Color-encoded image on black background at predefined contrast of 9, and C+H = Color-encoded image on black background at high/maximal contrast of 16), resulting in 180 images ...

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    4. Cataract significantly influences quantitative measurements on swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography imaging

      Cataract significantly influences quantitative measurements on swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography imaging

      Purpose To analyze retinal blood flow before and after cataract surgery using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Methods Prospective observational study. Consecutive patients were recruited and scanned using SS-OCTA before and after cataract surgery. Laser flare photometry were performed post-surgery. Perfusion and vessel density of superficial (SCP) and deep capillary plexuses (DCP) of the 3 × 3 mm images as well as foveal avascular zone (FAZ) measurements were assessed. Vessel continuity, vessel visibility and presence of artefacts were evaluated by two blinded graders using a predefined grading protocol. Results Thirteen eyes of 12 patients met the inclusion criteria. There was ...

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    5. In Vivo Imaging of Cx3cr1gfp/gfp Reporter Mice with Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography and Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy

      In Vivo Imaging of Cx3cr1gfp/gfp Reporter Mice with Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography and Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy

      Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) are extensively used in experimental ophthalmology. In the present protocol, mice expressing green fluorescent protein (gfp) under the promoter of Cx3cr1 (BALB/c-Cx3cr1 gfp/gfp ) were used to image microglia cells in vivo in the retina. Microglia are resident macrophages of the retina and have been implicated in several retinal diseases 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 . This protocol provides a detailed approach for generation of retinal B-scans, with SD-OCT, and imaging of microglia cell distribution in Cx3cr1 gfp/gfp mice with SLO in vivo, using an ophthalmic imaging ...

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    6. In Vivo Imaging of Cx3cr1 Reporter Mice with Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography ...

      In Vivo Imaging of Cx3cr1 Reporter Mice with Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography ...

      This protocol describes how high-resolution imaging techniques such as spectral domain optical coherence tomography and scanning laser ophthalmoscopy can be utilized in small rodents, using an ophthalmic imaging platform system, to obtain information on retinal thickness and microglial cell distribution, respectively.

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    7. OCT-angiography: A qualitative and quantitative comparison of 4 OCT-A devices

      OCT-angiography: A qualitative and quantitative comparison of 4 OCT-A devices

      Article Authors Metrics Comments Related Content Abstract Introduction Methods Results Discussion Supporting information Acknowledgments Author Contributions References Reader Comments (0) Media Coverage Figures Abstract Purpose To compare the quality of four OCT-angiography(OCT-A) modules. Method The retina of nineteen healthy volunteers were scanned with four OCT-devices (Topcon DRI-OCT Triton Swept-source OCT, Optovue RTVue-XR, a prototype Spectralis OCT2, Heidelberg-Engineering and Zeiss Cirrus 5000-HD-OCT). The device-software generated en-face OCT-A images of the superficial (SCP) and deep capillary plexuses (DCP) were evaluated and scored by 3 independent retinal imaging experts. The SCP vessel density was assessed using Angiotool-software. After the inter-grader reliability assessment ...

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    8. Imaging of macrophage dynamics with optical coherence tomography in anterior ischemic optic neuropathy

      Imaging of macrophage dynamics with optical coherence tomography in anterior ischemic optic neuropathy

      Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) is a relatively common cause of visual loss and results from hypoperfusion of the small arteries of the anterior portion of the optic nerve. AION is the leading cause of sudden optic nerve related vision loss with approximately 10 cases per 100′000 in the population over 50 years. To date there is no established treatment for AION and therefore a better understanding of the events occurring at the level of the optic nerve head (ONH) would be important to design future therapeutic strategies. The optical properties of the eye allow the imaging of the ...

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    9. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Mice: Comparison with Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy and Fluorescein Angiography

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Mice: Comparison with Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy and Fluorescein Angiography

      Purpose : Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) allows noninvasive visualization of retinal vessels in vivo. OCT-A was used to characterize the vascular network of the mouse retina and was compared with fluorescein angiography (FA) and histology. Methods : In the present study, OCT-A based on a Heidelberg Engineering Spectralis system was used to investigate the vascular network in mice. Data was compared with FA and confocal microscopy of flat-mount histology stained with isolectin IB4. For quantitative analysis the National Cancer Institute's AngioTool software was used. Vessel density, the number of vessel junctions, and endpoints were measured and compared between the imaging ...

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    10. Relationship Between Presumptive Inner Nuclear Layer Thickness and Geographic Atrophy Progression in Age-Related Macular Degeneration

      Relationship Between Presumptive Inner Nuclear Layer Thickness and Geographic Atrophy Progression in Age-Related Macular Degeneration

      Purpose : To analyze inner retinal changes in patients with geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration and identify morphological cues for progression. Methods : A total of 100 eyes with GA were assessed in this longitudinal, observational case series. Patients with GA and absent confounding pathology were compared with age-matched controls. The retinal layers on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, acquired in tracking mode, were segmented manually on central scans through the fixation point. Zones of GA were defined based on choroidal signal enhancement from retinal pigment epithelium loss. An area of unaffected temporal retina was used for comparison. Progression of ...

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    11. Time-Resolved Ultra–High Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography for Real-Time Monitoring of Selective Retina Therapy

      Time-Resolved Ultra–High Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography for Real-Time Monitoring of Selective Retina Therapy

      Purpose : Selective retina therapy (SRT) is a novel treatment for retinal pathologies, solely targeting the RPE. During SRT, the detection of an immediate tissue reaction is challenging, as tissue effects remain limited to intracellular RPE photodisruption. Time-resolved ultra-high axial resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) is thus evaluated for the monitoring of dynamic optical changes at and around the RPE during SRT. Methods : An experimental OCT system with an ultra-high axial resolution of 1.78 μm was combined with an SRT system and time-resolved OCT M-scans of the target area were recorded from four patients undergoing SRT. Optical coherence tomography scans ...

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    12. Metrics of the normal anterior sclera: imaging with optical coherence tomography

      Metrics of the normal anterior sclera: imaging with optical coherence tomography

      Background To investigate anterior scleral thickness in a cohort of healthy subjects using enhanced depth imaging anterior segment optical coherence tomography. Methods Observational case series. The mean scleral thickness in the inferonasal, inferotemporal, superotemporal, and superonasal quadrant was measured 2 mm from the scleral spur on optical coherence tomography in healthy volunteers. Results Fifty-three eyes of 53 Caucasian patients (25 male and 28 female) with an average age of 48.6 years (range: 18 to 92 years) were analysed. The mean scleral thickness was 571 μm (SD 84 μm) in the inferonasal quadrant, 511 μm (SD 80 μm) in the ...

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    13. Investigation of Retinal Morphology Alterations Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in a Mouse Model of Retinal Branch and Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

      Investigation of Retinal Morphology Alterations Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in a Mouse Model of Retinal Branch and Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

      Retinal vein occlusion is a leading cause of visual impairment. Experimental models of this condition based on laser photocoagulation of retinal veins have been described and extensively exploited in mammals and larger rodents such as the rat. However, few reports exist on the use of this paradigm in the mouse. The objective of this study was to investigate a model of branch and central retinal vein occlusion in the mouse and characterize in vivo longitudinal retinal morphology alterations using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Retinal veins were experimentally occluded using laser photocoagulation after intravenous application of Rose Bengal, a photo-activator ...

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    14. Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography Findings after Severe Exogenous Endophthalmitis

      Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography Findings after Severe Exogenous Endophthalmitis

      Purpose : To report outcomes and assess structural changes in the retina in patients with severe endophthalmitis . Methods : Retrospective, nonrandomized, interventional case series at a tertiary referral centre. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of both eyes were acquired at least 5 months after pars plana vitrectomy. OCT images were analyzed using retinal layer segmentation. Results : Nine patients (46–80 years of age) were included in this study. Average ETDRS visual acuity before treatment was 23 letters and improved to 74 letters. In our cohort we did not find a generalized reduction of retinal layers using automated layer segmentation. Conclusion ...

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    1-14 of 14
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    Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography Findings after Severe Exogenous Endophthalmitis Investigation of Retinal Morphology Alterations Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in a Mouse Model of Retinal Branch and Central Retinal Vein Occlusion Metrics of the normal anterior sclera: imaging with optical coherence tomography Time-Resolved Ultra–High Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography for Real-Time Monitoring of Selective Retina Therapy Relationship Between Presumptive Inner Nuclear Layer Thickness and Geographic Atrophy Progression in Age-Related Macular Degeneration Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Mice: Comparison with Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy and Fluorescein Angiography Imaging of macrophage dynamics with optical coherence tomography in anterior ischemic optic neuropathy OCT-angiography: A qualitative and quantitative comparison of 4 OCT-A devices In Vivo Imaging of Cx3cr1 Reporter Mice with Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography ... In Vivo Imaging of Cx3cr1gfp/gfp Reporter Mice with Spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography and Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy Full-range space-division multiplexing optical coherence tomography angiography Measuring 3D Optic Nerve Head Deformations using Digital Volume Correlation of in vivo Optical Coherence Tomography Data (Thesis)