1. Articles from Philip Wijesinghe

    1-17 of 17
    1. Feature Of The Week 04.26.2020: Diagnostic Accuracy of Quantitative Micro-Elastography for Margin Assessment in Breast-Conserving Surgery

      Feature Of The Week 04.26.2020: Diagnostic Accuracy of Quantitative Micro-Elastography for Margin Assessment in Breast-Conserving Surgery

      Inadequate margins in breast-conserving surgery (BCS) are associated with an increased likelihood of local recurrence of breast cancer. Currently, approximately 20% of BCS patients require repeat surgery due to inadequate margins at the initial operation. Implementation of an accurate, intraoperative margin assessment tool may reduce this re-excision rate. This study determined, for the first time, the diagnostic accuracy of quantitative micro-elastography (QME), an optical coherence tomography (OCT)–based elastography technique that produces images of tissue microscale elasticity, for detecting tumor within 1 mm of the margins of BCS specimens. Simultaneous OCT and QME were performed on the margins of intact ...

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    2. Diagnostic Accuracy of Quantitative Micro-Elastography for Margin Assessment in Breast-Conserving Surgery

      Diagnostic Accuracy of Quantitative Micro-Elastography for Margin Assessment in Breast-Conserving Surgery

      Inadequate margins in breast-conserving surgery (BCS) are associated with an increased likelihood of local recurrence of breast cancer. Currently, approximately 20% of BCS patients require repeat surgery due to inadequate margins at the initial operation. Implementation of an accurate, intraoperative margin assessment tool may reduce this re-excision rate. This study determined, for the first time, the diagnostic accuracy of quantitative micro-elastography (QME), an optical coherence tomography (OCT)–based elastography technique that produces images of tissue microscale elasticity, for detecting tumor within 1 mm of the margins of BCS specimens. Simultaneous OCT and QME were performed on the margins of intact ...

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    3. Handheld volumetric manual compression‐based quantitative micro‐elastography

      Handheld volumetric manual compression‐based quantitative micro‐elastography

      Compression optical coherence elastography typically requires a mechanical actuator to impart a controlled uniform strain to the sample. However, for handheld scanning, this adds complexity to the design of the probe and the actuator stroke limits the amount of strain that can be applied. In this work, we present a new volumetric imaging approach that utilises bidirectional manual compression via the natural motion of the user's hand to induce strain to the sample, realising compact, actuator‐free, handheld compression optical coherence elastography. In this way, we are able to demonstrate rapid acquisition of three‐dimensional quantitative micro‐elastography (QME ...

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    4. Handheld probe for quantitative micro-elastography

      Handheld probe for quantitative micro-elastography

      Optical coherence elastography (OCE) has been proposed for a range of clinical applications. However, the majority of these studies have been performed using bulky, lab-based imaging systems. A compact, handheld imaging probe would accelerate clinical translation, however, to date, this had been inhibited by the slow scan rates of compact devices and the motion artifact induced by the user’s hand. In this paper, we present a proof-of-concept, handheld quantitative micro-elastography (QME) probe capable of scanning a 6 × 6 × 1 mm volume of tissue in 3.4 seconds. This handheld probe is enabled by a novel QME acquisition protocol that ...

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    5. Finger-mounted quantitative micro-elastography

      Finger-mounted quantitative micro-elastography

      We present a finger-mounted quantitative micro-elastography (QME) probe, capable of measuring the elasticity of biological tissue in a format that avails of the dexterity of the human finger. Finger-mounted QME represents the first demonstration of a wearable elastography probe. The approach realizes optical coherence tomography-based elastography by focusing the optical beam into the sample via a single-mode fiber that is fused to a length of graded-index fiber. The fiber is rigidly affixed to a 3D-printed thimble that is mounted on the finger. Analogous to manual palpation, the probe compresses the tissue through the force exerted by the finger. The resulting ...

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    6. Analysis of spatial resolution in phase-sensitive compression optical coherence elastography

      Analysis of spatial resolution in phase-sensitive compression optical coherence elastography

      Optical coherence elastography (OCE) is emerging as a method to image the mechanical properties of tissue on the microscale. However, the spatial resolution, a main advantage of OCE, has not been investigated and is not trivial to evaluate. To address this, we present a framework to analyze resolution in phase-sensitive compression OCE that incorporates the three main determinants of resolution: mechanical deformation of the sample, detection of this deformation using optical coherence tomography (OCT), and signal processing to estimate local axial strain. We demonstrate for the first time, through close correspondence between experiment and simulation of structured phantoms, that resolution ...

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    7. Optical palpation for the visualization of tumor in human breast tissue

      Optical palpation for the visualization of tumor in human breast tissue

      Accurate and effective removal of tumor in one operation is an important goal of breast‐conserving surgery. However, it is not always achieved. Surgeons often utilize manual palpation to assess the surgical margin and/or the breast cavity. Manual palpation, however, is subjective and has relatively low‐resolution. Here, we investigate a tactile imaging technique, optical palpation, for the visualization of tumor. Optical palpation generates maps of the stress at the surface of tissue under static preload compression. Stress is evaluated by measuring the deformation of a contacting thin compliant layer with known mechanical properties using optical coherence tomography. In ...

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    8. Optical Coherence Tomography of the Tympanic Membrane and Middle Ear: A Review

      Optical Coherence Tomography of the Tympanic Membrane and Middle Ear: A Review

      Objective To evaluate the recent developments in optical coherence tomography (OCT) for tympanic membrane (TM) and middle ear (ME) imaging and to identify what further development is required for the technology to be integrated into common clinical use. Data Sources PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science. Review Methods A comprehensive literature search was performed for English language articles published from January 1966 to January 2018 with the keywords “tympanic membrane or middle ear,”“optical coherence tomography,” and “imaging.” Conclusion Conventional imaging techniques cannot adequately resolve the microscale features of TM and ME, sometimes necessitating diagnostic exploratory surgery ...

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    9. Ultrahigh-Resolution Optical Coherence Elastography Images Cellular-Scale Stiffness of Mouse Aorta

      Ultrahigh-Resolution Optical Coherence Elastography Images Cellular-Scale Stiffness of Mouse Aorta

      Cellular-scale imaging of the mechanical properties of tissue has helped to reveal the origins of disease; however, cellular-scale resolution is not readily achievable in intact tissue volumes. Here, we demonstrate volumetric imaging of Young’s modulus using ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence elastography, and apply it to characterizing the stiffness of mouse aortas. We achieve isotropic resolution of better than 15 μ m over a 1-mm lateral field of view through the entire depth of an intact aortic wall. We employ a method of quasi-static compression elastography that measures volumetric axial strain and uses a compliant, transparent layer to measure surface axial stress ...

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    10. The emergence of optical elastography in biomedicine

      The emergence of optical elastography in biomedicine

      Optical elastography, the use of optics to characterize and map the mechanical properties of biological tissue, involves measuring the deformation of tissue in response to a load. Such measurements may be used to form an image of a mechanical property, often elastic modulus, with the resulting mechanical contrast complementary to the more familiar optical contrast. Optical elastography is experiencing new impetus in response to developments in the closely related fields of cell mechanics and medical imaging, aided by advances in photonics technology, and through probing the microscale between that of cells and whole tissues. Two techniques — optical coherence elastography and ...

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    11. Depth-encoded optical coherence elastography for simultaneous volumetric imaging of two tissue faces

      Depth-encoded optical coherence elastography for simultaneous volumetric imaging of two tissue faces

      Depth-encoded optical coherence elastography (OCE) enables simultaneous acquisition of two three-dimensional (3D) elastograms from opposite sides of a sample. By the choice of suitable path-length differences in each of two interferometers, the detected carrier frequencies are separated, allowing depth-ranging from each interferometer to be performed simultaneously using a single spectrometer. We demonstrate depth-encoded OCE on a silicone phantom and a freshly excised sample of mouse liver. This technique minimizes the required spectral detection hardware and halves the total scan time. Depth-encoded OCE may expedite clinical translation in time-sensitive applications requiring rapid 3D imaging of multiple tissue surfaces, such as tumor ...

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    12. Investigation of optical coherence micro-elastography as a method to visualize micro-architecture in human axillary lymph nodes

      Investigation of optical coherence micro-elastography as a method to visualize micro-architecture in human axillary lymph nodes

      Background Evaluation of lymph node involvement is an important factor in detecting metastasis and deciding whether to perform axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) in breast cancer surgery. As ALND is associated with potentially severe long term morbidity, the accuracy of lymph node assessment is imperative in avoiding unnecessary ALND. The mechanical properties of malignant lymph nodes are often distinct from those of normal nodes. A method to image the micro-scale mechanical properties of lymph nodes could, thus, provide diagnostic information to aid in the assessment of lymph node involvement in metastatic cancer. In this study, we scan axillary lymph nodes ...

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    13. Wide-field optical coherence micro-elastography for intraoperative assessment of human breast cancer margins

      Wide-field optical coherence micro-elastography for intraoperative assessment of human breast cancer margins

      Incomplete excision of malignant tissue is a major issue in breast-conserving surgery, with typically 20 - 30% of cases requiring a second surgical procedure arising from postoperative detection of an involved margin. We report advances in the development of a new intraoperative tool, optical coherence micro-elastography, for the assessment of tumor margins on the micro-scale. We demonstrate an important step by conducting whole specimen imaging in intraoperative time frames with a wide-field scanning system acquiring mosaicked elastograms with overall dimensions of ~50 × 50 mm, large enough to image an entire face of most lumpectomy specimens. This capability is enabled by a ...

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    14. Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence elastography

      Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence elastography

      Visualizing stiffness within the local tissue environment at the cellular and subcellular level promises to provide insight into the genesis and progression of disease. In this Letter, we propose ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence elastography (UHROCE), and demonstrate 3D imaging of local axial strain of tissues undergoing compressive loading. We combine optical coherence microscopy (OCM) and phase-sensitive detection of local tissue displacement to produce strain elastograms with resolution (

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    15. Investigation of optical coherence micro-elastography as a method to visualize cancers in human breast tissue

      Investigation of optical coherence micro-elastography as a method to visualize cancers in human breast tissue

      Accurate intraoperative identification of malignant tissue is a challenge in the surgical management of breast cancer. Imaging techniques that help address this challenge could contribute to more complete and accurate tumor excision, and thereby help reduce the current high re-excision rates without resorting to the removal of excess healthy tissue. Optical coherence micro-elastography (OCME) is a three-dimensional, high-resolution imaging technique that is sensitive to micro-scale variations of the mechanical properties of tissue. As tumor modifies the mechanical properties of breast tissue, OCME has the potential to identify, on the micro-scale, involved regions of fresh, unstained tissue. OCME is based on ...

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    16. Parametric imaging of viscoelasticity using optical coherence elastography

      Parametric imaging of viscoelasticity using optical coherence elastography

      We demonstrate imaging of soft tissue viscoelasticity using optical coherence elastography. Viscoelastic creep deformation is induced in tissue using step-like compressive loading and the resulting time-varying deformation is measured using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography. From a series of co-located B-scans, we estimate the local strain rate as a function of time, and parameterize it using a four-parameter Kelvin–Voigt model of viscoelastic creep. The estimated viscoelastic strain and time constant are used to visualize viscoelastic creep in 2D, dual-parameter viscoelastograms. We demonstrate our technique on six silicone tissue-simulating phantoms spanning a range of viscoelastic parameters. As an example in soft ...

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    17. Three-dimensional optical coherence micro-elastography of skeletal muscle tissue

      Three-dimensional optical coherence micro-elastography of skeletal muscle tissue

      In many muscle pathologies, impairment of skeletal muscle function is closely linked to changes in the mechanical properties of the muscle constituents. Optical coherence micro-elastography (OCME) uses optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging of tissue under a quasi-static, compressive mechanical load to map variations in tissue mechanical properties on the micro-scale. We present the first study of OCME on skeletal muscle tissue. We show that this technique can resolve features of muscle tissue including fibers, fascicles and tendon, and can also detect necrotic lesions in skeletal muscle from the mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. In many instances, OCME provides ...

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    1-17 of 17
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    1. (16 articles) University of Western Australia
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    Three-dimensional optical coherence micro-elastography of skeletal muscle tissue Parametric imaging of viscoelasticity using optical coherence elastography Investigation of optical coherence micro-elastography as a method to visualize cancers in human breast tissue Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence elastography Wide-field optical coherence micro-elastography for intraoperative assessment of human breast cancer margins Investigation of optical coherence micro-elastography as a method to visualize micro-architecture in human axillary lymph nodes Depth-encoded optical coherence elastography for simultaneous volumetric imaging of two tissue faces The emergence of optical elastography in biomedicine Optical Coherence Tomography of the Tympanic Membrane and Middle Ear: A Review Finger-mounted quantitative micro-elastography High space-bandwidth in quantitative phase imaging using partially spatially coherent optical coherence microscopy and deep neural network Optical coherence tomography assessment of macrophages accumulation in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes