1. Articles from Joon Woo Song

    1-12 of 12
    1. Comprehensive Assessment of High-Risk Plaques by Dual-Modal Imaging Catheter in Coronary Artery

      Comprehensive Assessment of High-Risk Plaques by Dual-Modal Imaging Catheter in Coronary Artery

      Coronary plaque destabilization involves alterations in microstructure and biochemical composition; however, no imaging approach allows such comprehensive characterization. Herein, the authors demonstrated a simultaneous microstructural and biochemical assessment of high-risk plaques in the coronary arteries in a beating heart using a fully integrated optical coherence tomography and fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm). It was found that plaque components such as lipids, macrophages, lipids+macrophages, and fibrotic tissues had unique fluorescence lifetime signatures that were distinguishable using multispectral FLIm. Because FLIm yielded massive biochemical readouts, the authors incorporated machine learning framework into FLIm, and ultimately, their approach enabled an automated, quantitative imaging ...

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    2. Macrophage targeted theranostic strategy for accurate detection and rapid stabilization of the inflamed high-risk plaque

      Macrophage targeted theranostic strategy for accurate detection and rapid stabilization of the inflamed high-risk plaque

      Rationale: Inflammation plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of the acute coronary syndrome. Detecting plaques with high inflammatory activity and specifically treating those lesions can be crucial to prevent life-threatening cardiovascular events. Methods: Here, we developed a macrophage mannose receptor (MMR)-targeted theranostic nanodrug (mannose-polyethylene glycol-glycol chitosan-deoxycholic acid-cyanine 7-lobeglitazone; MMR-Lobe-Cy) designed to identify inflammatory activity as well as to deliver peroxisome proliferator-activated gamma (PPARγ) agonist, lobeglitazone, specifically to high-risk plaques based on the high mannose receptor specificity. The MMR-Lobe-Cy was intravenously injected into balloon-injured atheromatous rabbits and serial in vivo optical coherence tomography (OCT)-near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) structural-molecular imaging ...

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      Mentions: Korea University
    3. Flexible endoscopic micro-optical coherence tomography for three-dimensional imaging of the arterial microstructure

      Flexible endoscopic micro-optical coherence tomography for three-dimensional imaging of the arterial microstructure

      Micro-optical coherence tomography (µOCT) is a novel imaging approach enabling visualization of the microstructures of biological tissues at a cellular or sub-cellular level. However, it has been challenging to develop a miniaturized flexible endoscopic µOCT probe allowing helical luminal scanning. In this study, we built a flexible endoscopic µOCT probe with an outer diameter of 1.2 mm, which acquires three-dimensional images of the arterial microstructures via helical scanning with an axial and lateral resolutions of 1.83 µm and 3.38 µm in air, respectively. Furthermore, the depth of focus of the µOCT imaging probe was extended two-fold using ...

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    4. Comprehensive intravascular imaging of atherosclerotic plaque in vivo using optical coherence tomography and fluorescence lifetime imaging

      Comprehensive intravascular imaging of atherosclerotic plaque in vivo using optical coherence tomography and fluorescence lifetime imaging

      Comprehensive imaging of both the structural and biochemical characteristics of atherosclerotic plaque is essential for the diagnosis and study of coronary artery disease because both a plaque’s morphology and its biochemical composition affect the level of risk it poses. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) are promising optical imaging methods for characterizing coronary artery plaques morphologically and biochemically, respectively. In this study, we present a hybrid intravascular imaging device, including a custom-built OCT/FLIm system, a hybrid optical rotary joint, and an imaging catheter, to visualize the structure and biochemical composition of the plaque in an ...

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    5. Multispectral analog-mean-delay fluorescence lifetime imaging combined with optical coherence tomography

      Multispectral analog-mean-delay fluorescence lifetime imaging combined with optical coherence tomography

      The pathophysiological progression of chronic diseases, including atherosclerosis and cancer, is closely related to compositional changes in biological tissues containing endogenous fluorophores such as collagen, elastin, and NADH, which exhibit strong autofluorescence under ultraviolet excitation. Fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm) provides robust detection of the compositional changes by measuring fluorescence lifetime, which is an inherent property of a fluorophore. In this paper, we present a dual-modality system combining a multispectral analog-mean-delay (AMD) FLIm and a high-speed swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) to simultaneously visualize the cross-sectional morphology and biochemical compositional information of a biological tissue. Experiments using standard fluorescent solutions showed ...

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    6. Endoscopic micro-optical coherence tomography with extended depth of focus using a binary phase spatial filter

      Endoscopic micro-optical coherence tomography with extended depth of focus using a binary phase spatial filter

      Micro-optical coherence tomography (μOCT) is an advanced imaging technique that acquires a three-dimensional microstructure of biological samples with a high spatial resolution, up to 1 μm, by using a broadband light source and a high numerical aperture (NA) lens. As high NA produces a short depth of focus (DOF), extending the DOF is necessary to obtain a reasonable imaging depth. However, due to the complexity of optics and the limited space, it has been challenging to fabricate endoscopic μOCT, which is essential for clinical translation. Here, we report an endoscopic μOCT probe with an extended DOF by using a binary ...

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    7. Single cardiac cycle three-dimensional intracoronary optical coherence tomography

      Single cardiac cycle three-dimensional intracoronary optical coherence tomography

      While high-speed intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides three-dimensional (3D) visualization of coronary arteries in vivo , imaging speeds remain insufficient to avoid motion artifacts induced by heartbeat, limiting the clinical utility of OCT. In this paper, we demonstrate development of a high-speed intracoronary OCT system (frame rate: 500 frames/s, pullback speed: 100 mm/s) along with prospective electrocardiogram (ECG) triggering technology, which enabled volumetric imaging of long coronary segments within a single cardiac cycle (70 mm pullback in 0.7 s) with minimal cardiac motion artifact. This technology permitted detailed visualization of 3D architecture of the coronary arterial wall ...

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    8. Characterization of lipid-rich plaques using spectroscopic optical coherence tomography

      Characterization of lipid-rich plaques using spectroscopic optical coherence tomography

      Intravascular optical coherence tomography (IV-OCT) is a high-resolution imaging method used to visualize the internal structures of walls of coronary arteries in vivo . However, accurate characterization of atherosclerotic plaques with gray-scale IV-OCT images is often limited by various intrinsic artifacts. In this study, we present an algorithm for characterizing lipid-rich plaques with a spectroscopic OCT technique based on a Gaussian center of mass (GCOM) metric. The GCOM metric, which reflects the absorbance properties of lipids, was validated using a lipid phantom. In addition, the proposed characterization method was successfully demonstrated in vivo using an atherosclerotic rabbit model and was found ...

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    9. Automated detection of vessel lumen and stent struts in intravascular optical coherence tomography to evaluate stent apposition and neointimal coverage

      Automated detection of vessel lumen and stent struts in intravascular optical coherence tomography to evaluate stent apposition and neointimal coverage

      Purpose: Intravascular optical coherence tomography (IV-OCT) is a high-resolution imaging method used to visualize the microstructure of arterial walls in vivo . IV-OCT enables the clinician to clearly observe and accurately measure stent apposition and neointimal coverage of coronary stents, which are associated with side effects such as in-stent thrombosis. In this study, the authors present an algorithm for quantifying stent apposition and neointimal coverage by automatically detecting lumen contours and stent struts in IV-OCT images. Methods: The algorithm utilizes OCT intensity images and their first and second gradient images along the axial direction to detect lumen contours and stent strut ...

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    10. Intracoronary dual-modal optical coherence tomography-near-infrared fluorescence structural–molecular imaging with a clinical dose of indocyanine green for the assessment of high-risk plaques and stent-associated inflammation in a beating coronary artery

      Intracoronary dual-modal optical coherence tomography-near-infrared fluorescence structural–molecular imaging with a clinical dose of indocyanine green for the assessment of high-risk plaques and stent-associated inflammation in a beating coronary artery

      Aims Inflammation plays essential role in development of plaque disruption and coronary stent-associated complications. This study aimed to examine whether intracoronary dual-modal optical coherence tomography (OCT)-near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) structural–molecular imaging with indocyanine green (ICG) can estimate inflammation in swine coronary artery. Methods and results After administration of clinically approved NIRF-enhancing ICG (2.0 mg/kg) or saline, rapid coronary imaging (20 mm/s pullback speed) using a fully integrated OCT-NIRF catheter was safely performed in 12 atheromatous Yucatan minipigs and in 7 drug-eluting stent (DES)-implanted Yorkshire pigs. Stronger NIRF activity was identified in OCT-proven high-risk plaque compared ...

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    11. Feature Of The Week 8/31/14: Fully Integrated High-speed Intravascular OCT/NIRF Structural/Molecular Imaging In Vivo using a Clinically-available NIRF Emitting Indocyanine Green to Detect Inflamed Lipid-rich Atheromata in Coronary-sized Vessels

      Feature Of The Week 8/31/14: Fully Integrated High-speed Intravascular OCT/NIRF Structural/Molecular Imaging In Vivo using a Clinically-available NIRF Emitting Indocyanine Green to Detect Inflamed Lipid-rich Atheromata in Coronary-sized Vessels

      In current study, we fully integrated near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) molecular imaging into intravascular OCT structural imaging. The OCT/NIRF single catheter imaging clearly demonstrated the microstructure of atheromata and simultaneously identified ICG-enhancing macrophage abundant lipid-rich areas of the plaques. Ex vivo NIRF imaging evidently validated in vivo OCT-NIRF imaging. NIRF signals on ex vivo fluorescence reflectance imaging colocalized well with in vivo NIRF imaging. In vitro ICG cell uptake, correlative fluorescence microscopy, and histopathology corroborated the in vivo imaging findings. Herein, our research team have solved the issues critical for application of this OCT/NIRF imaging technology to clinical practice ...

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    12. Fully Integrated High-Speed Intravascular OCT/NIRF Structural/Molecular Imaging In Vivo Using a Clinically Available Near-Infrared Fluorescence–Emitting Indocyanine Green to Detect Inflamed Lipid-Rich Atheromata in Coronary-Sized Vessels

      Fully Integrated High-Speed Intravascular OCT/NIRF Structural/Molecular Imaging In Vivo Using a Clinically Available Near-Infrared Fluorescence–Emitting Indocyanine Green to Detect Inflamed Lipid-Rich Atheromata in Coronary-Sized Vessels

      Background— Lipid-rich inflamed coronary plaques a reprone to rupture. The purpose of this study was to assess lipid-rich inflamed plaques invivo using fully integrated high-speed optical coherence tomography (OCT)/ near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) molecular imaging with a Food and Drug Administration– a pproved indocyanine green (ICG). Methods a nd Results— A n integrated high-speed intravascular OCT/NIRF imaging c a theter a nd a du a l-mod a l OCT/NIRF system were constructed b a sed on a cl in ic a l OCT pl a tform. For imaging lipid-rich inflamed plaques, the Food and Drug Administration– approved NIRF-emitting ICG ...

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    1-12 of 12
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    1. (10 articles) Korea University
    2. (9 articles) Hanyang University
    3. (9 articles) Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
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    Fully Integrated High-Speed Intravascular OCT/NIRF Structural/Molecular Imaging In Vivo Using a Clinically Available Near-Infrared Fluorescence–Emitting Indocyanine Green to Detect Inflamed Lipid-Rich Atheromata in Coronary-Sized Vessels Feature Of The Week 8/31/14: Fully Integrated High-speed Intravascular OCT/NIRF Structural/Molecular Imaging In Vivo using a Clinically-available NIRF Emitting Indocyanine Green to Detect Inflamed Lipid-rich Atheromata in Coronary-sized Vessels Intracoronary dual-modal optical coherence tomography-near-infrared fluorescence structural–molecular imaging with a clinical dose of indocyanine green for the assessment of high-risk plaques and stent-associated inflammation in a beating coronary artery Automated detection of vessel lumen and stent struts in intravascular optical coherence tomography to evaluate stent apposition and neointimal coverage Characterization of lipid-rich plaques using spectroscopic optical coherence tomography Single cardiac cycle three-dimensional intracoronary optical coherence tomography Endoscopic micro-optical coherence tomography with extended depth of focus using a binary phase spatial filter Multispectral analog-mean-delay fluorescence lifetime imaging combined with optical coherence tomography Comprehensive intravascular imaging of atherosclerotic plaque in vivo using optical coherence tomography and fluorescence lifetime imaging Flexible endoscopic micro-optical coherence tomography for three-dimensional imaging of the arterial microstructure Diagnostic accuracy of OCTA and OCT for myopic choroidal neovascularisation: a systematic review and meta-analysis Intraoperative Use of Wide-Field Optical Coherence Tomography to Evaluate Tissue Microstructure in the Oral Cavity and Oropharynx