1. Articles from Johannes F. de Boer

    1-24 of 72 1 2 3 »
    1. Diagnostic Capability of 3D Peripapillary Retinal Volume for Glaucoma Using Optical Coherence Tomography Customized Software

      Diagnostic Capability of 3D Peripapillary Retinal Volume for Glaucoma Using Optical Coherence Tomography Customized Software

      Précis: The diagnostic capability of peripapillary retinal volume is similar to peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness for diagnosing glaucoma, but with fewer artifacts. Purpose: To compare the diagnostic capability of three-dimensional (3D) peripapillary retinal volume (RV) versus two-dimensional (2D) peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness for open-angle glaucoma . Patients and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis was conducted. A total of 180 subjects [113 open-angle glaucomas (OAG), 67 normal participants] had spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) volume scans and RNFL thickness measurements. Peripapillary RV values were calculated using a custom-designed program with 4 circumpapillary annuli (CA): CA1 ...

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    2. In vivo multifunctional optical coherence tomography at the periphery of the lungs

      In vivo multifunctional optical coherence tomography at the periphery of the lungs

      Remodeling of tissue, such as airway smooth muscle (ASM) and extracellular matrix, is considered a key feature of airways disease. No clinically accepted diagnostic method is currently available to assess airway remodeling or the effect of treatment modalities such as bronchial thermoplasty in asthma, other than invasive airway biopsies. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) generates cross-sectional, near-histological images of airway segments and enables identification and quantification of airway wall layers based on light scattering properties only. In this study, we used a custom motorized OCT probe that combines standard and polarization sensitive OCT (PS-OCT) to visualize birefringent tissue in vivo in ...

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    3. Classification and treatment follow-up of a juxtapapillary retinal hemangioblastoma with optical coherence tomography angiography

      Classification and treatment follow-up of a juxtapapillary retinal hemangioblastoma with optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose Only an endophytic growth pattern in juxtapapillary retinal hemangioblastoma (JRH) is an indication for surgical treatment, but classification of growth types is difficult using conventional imaging techniques. This case report describes the use of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) features for classification and treatment follow-up in a case with JRH. Observations The JRH of this patient was easily detected with two different OCT-A methods in both en-face and cross-sectional B-scan images, and was classified as a sessile growth type. This growth type excluded the treatment option of vitreoretinal surgery with excision of the lesion or ligation of the feeder ...

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    4. Optical coherence tomography to detect acute esophageal radiation-induced damage in mice: a validation study

      Optical coherence tomography to detect acute esophageal radiation-induced damage in mice: a validation study

      Radiation therapy for patients with non-small-cell lung cancer is hampered by acute radiation-induced toxicity in the esophagus. This study aims to validate that optical coherence tomography (OCT), a minimally invasive imaging technique with high resolution (~10 µm), is able to visualize and monitor acute radiation-induced esophageal damage (ARIED) in mice. We compare our findings with histopathology as the gold standard. Irradiated mice receive a single dose of 40 Gy at proximal and distal spots of the esophagus of 10.0 mm in diameter. We scan mice using OCT at two, three, and seven days post-irradiation. In OCT analysis we define ...

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    5. Precision analysis and optimization in phase decorrelation OCT velocimetry

      Precision analysis and optimization in phase decorrelation OCT velocimetry

      Quantitative flow velocimetry in Optical Coherence Tomography is used to determine both the axial and lateral flow component at the level of individual voxels. The lateral flow is determined by analyzing the statistical properties of reflected electro-magnetic fields for repeated measurements at (nearly) the same location. The precision or statistical fluctuation of the quantitative velocity estimation depends on the number of repeated measurements and the method to determine quantitative flow velocity. In this paper, both a method to determine quantitative flow velocity and a model for the prediction of the statistical fluctuations of velocity estimations are developed to analyze and ...

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    6. Effects of Age, Race, and Ethnicity on the Optic Nerve and Peripapillary Region Using Spectral-Domain OCT 3D Volume Scans

      Effects of Age, Race, and Ethnicity on the Optic Nerve and Peripapillary Region Using Spectral-Domain OCT 3D Volume Scans

      Purpose : To evaluate the effects of age, race, and ethnicity on the optic nerve and peripapillary retina using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) three-dimensional (3D) volume scans in normal subjects. Methods : This is a cross-sectional study performed at a single institution in Boston. All patients received retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) scans and an optic nerve 3D volume scan. The SD-OCT software calculated peripapillary RNFL thickness, retinal thickness (RT), and retinal volume (RV). Custom-designed software calculated neuroretinal rim minimum distance band (MDB) thickness and area. Results : There were 272 normal subjects, including 175 whites, 40 blacks, 40 Asians, and 17 ...

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    7. Diagnostic Capability of Three-Dimensional Macular Parameters for Glaucoma Using Optical Coherence Tomography Volume Scans

      Diagnostic Capability of Three-Dimensional Macular Parameters for Glaucoma Using Optical Coherence Tomography Volume Scans

      Purpose : To compare the diagnostic capability of three-dimensional (3D) macular parameters against traditional two-dimensional (2D) retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. To determine if manual correction and interpolation of B-scans improve the ability of 3D macular parameters to diagnose glaucoma. Methods : A total of 101 open angle glaucoma patients (29 with early glaucoma) and 57 healthy subjects had peripapillary 2D RNFL thickness and 3D macular volume scans. Four parameters were calculated for six different-sized annuli: total macular thickness (M-thickness), total macular volume (M-volume), ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness, and GCC volume of the innermost ...

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    8. Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to detect radiation-induced fibrosis and residual cancer extent after neoadjuvant chemo-radiation therapy: an ex vivo study

      Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to detect radiation-induced fibrosis and residual cancer extent after neoadjuvant chemo-radiation therapy: an ex vivo study

      Treatment of resectable esophageal cancer includes neoadjuvant chemo-radiation therapy (nCRT) followed by esophagectomy in operable patients. High-risk surgery may have been avoided in patients with a pathological complete response (pCR). We investigated the feasibility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect residual cancer and radiation-induced fibrosis in 10 esophageal cancer patients that underwent nCRT followed by esophagectomy. We compared our OCT findings with histopathology. Overall, OCT was able to differentiate between healthy tissue, fibrotic tissue, and residual cancer with a sensitivity and specificity of 79% and 67%, respectively. Hence, OCT has the potential to add to the assessment of a ...

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    9. Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to detect acute radiation-induced esophageal damage in small animal models

      Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to detect acute radiation-induced esophageal damage in small animal models

      Lung cancer survival is poor, and radiation therapy patients often suffer serious treatment side effects. The esophagus is particularly sensitive leading to acute radiation-induced esophageal damage (ARIED). We investigated the feasibility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for minimally invasive imaging of the esophagus with high resolution (10  μm) to detect ARIED in mice. Thirty mice underwent cone-beam computed tomography imaging for initial setup assessment and dose planning followed by a single-dose delivery of 4.0, 10.0, 16.0, and 20.0 Gy on 5.0-mm spots, spaced 10.0 mm apart in the esophagus. They were repeatedly imaged using ...

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    10. In vivo polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of human burn scars: birefringence quantification and correspondence with histologically determined collagen density

      In vivo polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of human burn scars: birefringence quantification and correspondence with histologically determined collagen density

      Obtaining adequate information on scar characteristics is important for monitoring their evolution and the effectiveness of clinical treatment. The aberrant type of collagen in scars may give rise to specific birefringent properties, which can be determined using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate a method to quantify the birefringence of the scanned volume and correlate it with the collagen density as measured from histological slides. Five human burn scars were measured in vivo using a handheld probe and custom-made PS-OCT system. The local retardation caused by the tissue birefringence was extracted using ...

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    11. Visibility of Fiducial Markers used for Image-Guided Radiation Therapy on Optical Coherence Tomography for Registration with CT: an Esophageal Phantom Study

      Visibility of Fiducial Markers used for Image-Guided Radiation Therapy on Optical Coherence Tomography for Registration with CT: an Esophageal Phantom Study

      Purpose Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is of interest to visualize microscopic esophageal tumor extensions to improve tumor delineation for radiation therapy (RT) planning. Fiducial marker placement is a common method to ensure target localization during planning and treatment. Visualization of these fiducial markers on OCT permits integrating OCT and computed tomography (CT) images used for RT planning via image registration. We studied the visibility of 13 (8 types) commercially available solid and liquid fiducial markers in OCT images at different depths using dedicated esophageal phantoms and evaluated marker placement depth in clinical practice. Materials and Methods We designed and fabricated ...

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    12. Twenty-five years of optical coherence tomography: the paradigm shift in sensitivity and speed provided by Fourier domain OCT

      Twenty-five years of optical coherence tomography: the paradigm shift in sensitivity and speed provided by Fourier domain OCT

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become one of the most successful optical technologies implemented in medicine and clinical practice mostly due to the possibility of non-invasive and non-contact imaging by detecting back-scattered light. OCT has gone through a tremendous development over the past 25 years. From its initial inception in 1991 [Science 254 , 1178 (1991)] it has become an indispensable medical imaging technology in ophthalmology. Also in fields like cardiology and gastro-enterology the technology is envisioned to become a standard of care. A key contributor to the success of OCT has been the sensitivity and speed advantage offered by Fourier ...

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    13. Automatic estimation of retinal nerve fiber bundle orientation in SD-OCT images using a structure-oriented smoothing filter

      Automatic estimation of retinal nerve fiber bundle orientation in SD-OCT images using a structure-oriented smoothing filter

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) yields high-resolution, three-dimensional images of the retina. A better understanding of retinal nerve fiber bundle (RNFB) trajectories in combination with visual field data may be used for future diagnosis and monitoring of glaucoma. However, manual tracing of these bundles is a tedious task. In this work, we present an automatic technique to estimate the orientation of RNFBs from volumetric OCT scans. Our method consists of several steps, starting from automatic segmentation of the RNFL. Then, a stack of en face images around the posterior nerve fiber layer interface was extracted. The image showing the best visibility ...

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    14. Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography – a review [Invited]

      Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography – a review [Invited]

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is now a well-established modality for high-resolution cross-sectional and three-dimensional imaging of transparent and translucent samples and tissues. Conventional, intensity based OCT, however, does not provide a tissue-specific contrast, causing an ambiguity with image interpretation in several cases. Polarization sensitive (PS) OCT draws advantage from the fact that several materials and tissues can change the light’s polarization state, adding an additional contrast channel and providing quantitative information. In this paper, we review basic and advanced methods of PS-OCT and demonstrate its use in selected biomedical applications.

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    15. Enhanced Diagnostic Capability for Glaucoma of 3-Dimensional Versus 2-Dimensional Neuroretinal Rim Parameters Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Enhanced Diagnostic Capability for Glaucoma of 3-Dimensional Versus 2-Dimensional Neuroretinal Rim Parameters Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose: To compare the diagnostic capability of 3-dimensional (3D) neuroretinal rim parameters with existing 2-dimensional (2D) neuroretinal and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness rim parameters using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) volume scans. Materials and Methods: Design: Institutional prospective pilot study. Study population: 65 subjects (35 open-angle glaucoma patients, 30 normal patients). Observation procedures: One eye of each subject was included. SD-OCT was used to obtain 2D RNFL thickness values and 5 neuroretinal rim parameters [ie, 3D minimum distance band (MDB) thickness, 3D Bruch's membrane opening-minimum rim width (BMO-MRW), 3D rim volume, 2D rim area, and 2D ...

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    16. Loosely coupled level sets for simultaneous 3D retinal layer segmentation in optical coherence tomography

      Loosely coupled level sets for simultaneous 3D retinal layer segmentation in optical coherence tomography

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) yields high-resolution, three-dimensional images of the retina. Reliable segmentation of the retinal layers is necessary for the extraction of clinically useful information. We present a novel segmentation method that operates on attenuation coefficients and incorporates anatomical knowledge about the retina. The attenuation coefficients are derived from in-vivo human retinal OCT data and represent an optical property of the tissue. Then, the layers in the retina are simultaneously segmented via a new flexible coupling approach that exploits the predefined order of the layers. The accuracy of the method was evaluated on 20 peripapillary scans of healthy subjects ...

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    17. Phase-resolved Doppler Optical Coherence Tomographic features in Retinal Angiomatous Proliferation

      Phase-resolved Doppler Optical Coherence Tomographic features in Retinal Angiomatous Proliferation

      Purpose To study patients diagnosed with retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) based on conventional imaging techniques with phase-resolved Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect and localize blood flow in RAP lesions and to compare these findings to conventional imaging, which are mostly invasive and give limited information concerning intra- and transretinal blood flow. Design Single-center, consecutive observational case series. Methods Twelve treatment-naïve patients diagnosed with RAP based on fundus examination, fluorescein and indocyanine-green angiography, were included. Median age was 79 years (range 65-90). Patients were imaged with an experimental 1040 nm swept-source phase-resolved Doppler-OCT instrument. Abnormal flow was defined ...

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    18. Apparatus, method and system for performing phase-resolved optical frequency domain imaging

      Apparatus, method and system for performing phase-resolved optical frequency domain imaging

      Apparatus, system and method are provided which utilize signals received from a reference and a sample. In particular, a radiation is provided which includes at least one first electro-magnetic radiation directed to the sample and at least one second electro-magnetic radiation directed to the reference. A frequency of the radiation varies over time. An interference can be detected between at least one third radiation associated with the first radiation and at least one fourth radiation associated with the second radiation. It is possible to obtain a particular signal associated with at least one phase of at least one frequency component ...

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    19. In vivo optical microscopy of peripheral nerve myelination with polarization sensitive-optical coherence tomography

      In vivo optical microscopy of peripheral nerve myelination with polarization sensitive-optical coherence tomography

      Assessing nerve integrity and myelination after injury is necessary to provide insight for treatment strategies aimed at restoring neuromuscular function. Currently, this is largely done with electrical analysis, which lacks direct quantitative information. In vivo optical imaging with sufficient imaging depth and resolution could be used to assess the nerve microarchitecture. In this study, we examine the use of polarization sensitive-optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) to quantitatively assess the sciatic nerve microenvironment through measurements of birefringence after applying a nerve crush injury in a rat model. Initial loss of function and subsequent recovery were demonstrated by calculating the sciatic function index ...

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    20. Depth-encoded synthetic aperture optical coherence tomography of biological tissues with extended focal depth

      Depth-encoded synthetic aperture optical coherence tomography of biological tissues with extended focal depth

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has proven to be able to provide three-dimensional (3D) volumetric images of scattering biological tissues for in vivo medical diagnostics. Unlike conventional optical microscopy, its depth-resolving ability (axial resolution) is exclusively determined by the laser source and therefore invariant over the full imaging depth. In contrast, its transverse resolution is determined by the objective’s numerical aperture and the wavelength which is only approximately maintained over twice the Rayleigh range. However, the prevailing laser sources for OCT allow image depths of more than 5 mm which is considerably longer than the Rayleigh range. This limits high ...

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    21. Polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging system for endobronchial imaging

      Polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging system for endobronchial imaging

      A polarization sensitive endoscopic optical frequency domain imaging (PS-OFDI) system with a motorized distal scanning catheter is demonstrated. It employs a passive polarization delay unit to multiplex two orthogonal probing polarization states in depth, and a polarization diverse detection unit to detect interference signal in two orthogonal polarization channels. Per depth location four electro-magnetic field components are measured that can be represented in a complex 2x2 field matrix. A Jones matrix of the sample is derived and the sample birefringence is extracted by eigenvalue decomposition. The condition of balanced detection and the polarization mode dispersion are quantified. A complex field ...

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    22. Direct Blood Flow Measurements in a Free RPE-Choroid Graft with Phase-Resolved Doppler OCT

      Direct Blood Flow Measurements in a Free RPE-Choroid Graft with Phase-Resolved Doppler OCT

      Purpose: We directly demonstrated the revascularization in a free retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-choroid graft with direct blood flow detection by experimental phase-resolved Doppler optical coherence tomography (PRD-OCT). Methods: Seven patients with age-related macular degeneration underwent an RPE-choroid graft translocation in a prospective institutional cohort study. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) was used to measure the revascularization stage. With PRD-OCT the presence of flow was imaged postoperatively. Results: The PRD-OCT confirmed flow in three patients when SD-OCT indicated the afferent vessel ingrowth stage, and in all seven patients when the SD-OCT indicated the efferent vessel ingrowth stage. Conclusions: The ...

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    23. Fiber-based polarization-sensitive OCT of the human retina with correction of system polarization distortions

      Fiber-based polarization-sensitive OCT of the human retina with correction of system polarization distortions

      In polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) the use of single-mode fibers causes unpredictable polarization distortions which can result in increased noise levels and erroneous changes in calculated polarization parameters. In the current paper this problem is addressed by a new Jones matrix analysis method that measures and corrects system polarization distortions as a function of wavenumber by spectral analysis of the sample surface polarization state and deeper located birefringent tissue structures. This method was implemented on a passive-component depth-multiplexed swept-source PS-OCT system at 1040 nm which was theoretically modeled using Jones matrix calculus. High-resolution B-scan images are presented of the ...

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    24. Feature Of The Week 7/21/13: VU University Amsterdam Demonstrates Focus-Extension by Depth-Encoded Synthetic Aperture in Optical Coherence Tomography

      Feature Of The Week 7/21/13: VU University Amsterdam Demonstrates Focus-Extension by Depth-Encoded Synthetic Aperture in Optical Coherence Tomography

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an interferometric technique that provides cross-sectional images of biological tissue. It has become an essential tool for clinical diagnosis and disease monitoring in ophthalmology and it shows great potential in other clinical areas such as dermatology, cardiology and gastroenterology. The axial resolution in OCT is provided by the coherence gate and is invariant over the full image depth. The lateral resolution is determined by the beam parameters such as wavelength and numerical aperture. The Rayleigh range determines the depth range over which the lateral resolution can be maintained. The depth of focus is generally defined ...

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    1-24 of 72 1 2 3 »
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    1. (70 articles) Johannes F. de Boer
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    In vitro ovarian tumor growth and treatment response dynamics visualized with time-lapse OCT imaging Retinal imaging with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography and adaptive optics In vivo 3D human vocal fold imaging with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography and a MEMS scanning catheter Optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis Extracting structural features of rat sciatic nerve using polarization-sensitive spectral domain optical coherence tomography Image contrast correction method in full-field optical coherence tomography Evaluation of posterior vitreous detachment using ultrasonography and optical coherence tomography Optical coherence tomography angiography characteristics of acute retinal arterial occlusion Computed Tomography–Mediated Registration of Trapeziometacarpal Articular Cartilage Using Intraarticular Optical Coherence Tomography and Cryomicrotome Imaging: A Cadaver Study Successful Treatment of Genital Warts with Ingenol Mebutate Monitored with Optical Coherence Tomography and Reflectance Confocal Microscopy Comparison of peripapillary and subfoveal choroidal thickness in normal versus primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) subjects using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) Methods for Quantifying Optic Disc Volume and Peripapillary Deflection Volume Using Radial Optical Coherence Tomography Scans and Association with Intracranial Pressure