1. Articles from Qinqin Zhang

    1-24 of 62 1 2 3 »
    1. Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Detection of Bruch’s Membrane and Choriocapillaris Abnormalities in Sorsby Macular Dystrophy

      Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Detection of Bruch’s Membrane and Choriocapillaris Abnormalities in Sorsby Macular Dystrophy

      Purpose: Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) was used to analyze Bruch's membrane (BM) and choriocapillaris (CC) abnormalities in undiagnosed family members with Sorsby macular dystrophy (SMD). Methods: In a family with SMD (TIMP3 Tyr191Cys), SS-OCTA imaging was performed using the 6X6mm scan patter and previously validated algorithms to detect abnormalities in BM and the CC, as well as the presence of reticular pseudodrusen (RPD) and macular neovascularization (MNV). Genetic analyses were performed for TIMP3 mutations. Results: Of eight family members, two were previously diagnosed with SMD and six were asymptomatic. SS-OCTA imaging of the 33-year-old proband revealed type ...

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    2. Automatic geographic atrophy segmentation using optical attenuation in OCT scans with deep learning

      Automatic geographic atrophy segmentation using optical attenuation in OCT scans with deep learning

      A deep learning algorithm was developed to automatically identify, segment, and quantify geographic atrophy (GA) based on optical attenuation coefficients (OACs) calculated from optical coherence tomography (OCT) datasets. Normal eyes and eyes with GA secondary to age-related macular degeneration were imaged with swept-source OCT using 6 × 6 mm scanning patterns. OACs calculated from OCT scans were used to generate customized composite en face OAC images. GA lesions were identified and measured using customized en face sub-retinal pigment epithelium (subRPE) OCT images. Two deep learning models with the same U-Net architecture were trained using OAC images and subRPE OCT images. Model ...

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    3. OCTA Derived Vessel Skeleton Density Versus Flux and Their Associations With Systemic Determinants of Health

      OCTA Derived Vessel Skeleton Density Versus Flux and Their Associations With Systemic Determinants of Health

      Purpose: To examine the associations of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA)-derived retinal capillary flux with systemic determinants of health. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of subjects recruited from the African American Eye Disease Study. A commercially available swept-source (SS)-OCTA device was used to image the central 3 × 3 mm macular region. Retinal capillary perfusion was assessed using vessel skeleton density (VSD) and flux. Flux approximates the number of red blood cells moving through vessel segments and is a novel metric, whereas VSD is a previously validated measure commonly used to quantify capillary density. The associations of OCTA ...

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    4. Interocular asymmetry of choroidal thickness and vascularity index measurements in normal eyes assessed by swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Interocular asymmetry of choroidal thickness and vascularity index measurements in normal eyes assessed by swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Background: To investigate the symmetry of interocular choroidal thickness and vascularity index measurements in normal eyes using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Cross-sectional and observational study. This study included 244 eyes of 122 normal adults with ages uniformly distributed from 19 to 89 years. Methods: SS-OCT imaging was performed using a scanning pattern of 12×12 mm. Mean choroidal thickness (MCT) and choroidal vascularity index (CVI) measurements in the entire scanning region were obtained using a validated and published automatic method. The correlation and differences (including signed and absolute differences) between bilateral MCT and CVI measurements were analyzed at the ...

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    5. Analysis of correlations between local geographic atrophy growth rates and local OCT angiography-measured choriocapillaris flow deficits

      Analysis of correlations between local geographic atrophy growth rates and local OCT angiography-measured choriocapillaris flow deficits

      The purpose of this study is to quantitatively assess correlations between local geographic atrophy (GA) growth rates and local optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA)-measured choriocapillaris (CC) flow deficits. Thirty-eight eyes from 27 patients with GA secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) were imaged with a commercial 1050 nm swept-source OCTA instrument at 3 visits, each separated by ∼6 months. Pearson correlations were computed between local GA growth rates, estimated using a biophysical GA growth model, and local OCTA CC flow deficit percentages measured along the GA margins of the baseline visits. The p-values associated with the null hypothesis of ...

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    6. Swept-Source OCT Angiographic Characteristics of Treatment-Naïve Nonexudative Macular Neovascularization in AMD Prior to Exudation

      Swept-Source OCT Angiographic Characteristics of Treatment-Naïve Nonexudative Macular Neovascularization in AMD Prior to Exudation

      Purpose: To investigate the characteristics of treatment-naïve nonexudative macular neovascularization (MNV) in age-related macular degeneration before the onset of exudation using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography. Methods: MNV area, choriocapillaris (CC) flow deficits (FDs), vessel area density (VAD), vessel skeleton density (VSD), retinal pigment epithelial detachment (PED) volume, mean choroidal thickness (MCT), and choroid vascularity index (CVI) measurements were assessed at two visits prior to exudation. We compared measurements made at the second visit and the rate of change between visits in eyes with and without exudation. The differences in these parameters between eyes with and without subsequent exudation ...

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    7. Retinal Capillary Nonperfusion on OCT-Angiography and Its Relationship to Kidney Function in Patients with Diabetes

      Retinal Capillary Nonperfusion on OCT-Angiography and Its Relationship to Kidney Function in Patients with Diabetes

      Background: Diabetic retinopathy and kidney disease share underlying mechanisms of microvascular damage and are often comorbid in people with diabetes. We evaluated whether there is a relationship between retinal capillary perfusion as measured by swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria in patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Method: A cross-sectional pilot study was conducted at the University of Washington among a subset of participants with diabetes and CKD participating in a larger cohort study. Participants were excluded if they were known to have kidney disease from conditions other than diabetes. Ten ...

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    8. Optical coherence tomography angiography measures blood pulsatile waveforms at variable tissue depths

      Optical coherence tomography angiography measures blood pulsatile waveforms at variable tissue depths

      Background: Photoplethysmography (PPG) is routinely used to detect the blood pulse signal from skin tissue beds in clinics. However, the origin of the PPG signal remains controversial. The purpose of this study is to explore optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) to indicate pulsatile waveforms in the papillary plexus and dermal plexus separately under different hand elevations. Method: Optical microangiography (OMAG) algorithm was used to obtain a 3D OCTA signals, from which the depth-resolved pulsatile blood flow signals were extracted from different skin vascular plexus. The systolic amplitude, crest time, and delta T were measured from the OCTA pulsatile signals when ...

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    9. Correlations Between Choriocapillaris and Choroidal Measurements and the Growth of Geographic Atrophy using Swept Source OCT Imaging

      Correlations Between Choriocapillaris and Choroidal Measurements and the Growth of Geographic Atrophy using Swept Source OCT Imaging

      Purpose The correlations between enlargement rates (ERs) of geographic atrophy (GA) and choriocapillaris (CC) flow deficits (FDs), mean choroidal thickness (MCT), and choroidal vascularity index (CVI) were investigated using swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Design Retrospective review of prospective, observational case series. Methods Eyes with GA from AMD were imaged with SS-OCT (PLEX® Elite 9000; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc, Dublin, CA) using 6x6 mm scan pattern. GA lesions were identified and measured using custom en face structural images and annual square root ERs of GA were calculated. At baseline, CC FDs from different regions ...

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    10. Reduced Pulsatile Trabecular Meshwork Motion in Eyes With Primary Open Angle Glaucoma Using Phase-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography

      Reduced Pulsatile Trabecular Meshwork Motion in Eyes With Primary Open Angle Glaucoma Using Phase-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference in pulsatile trabecular meshwork (TM) motion between normal and eyes with POAG using phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PhS-OCT). Methods: In this cross-sectional study, eight healthy subjects (16 eyes) and nine patients with POAG (18 eyes) were enrolled. A laboratory-based prototype PhS-OCT system was used to measure pulsatile TM motion. PhS-OCT images were analyzed to obtain parameters of pulsatile TM motion (i.e. maximum velocity [MV] and cumulative displacement [CDisp]). Outflow facility and ocular pulse amplitude were measured using pneumotonography. Detection sensitivity was compared among various parameters by calculating the ...

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    11. Quantitative assessment of choriocapillaris flow deficits in diabetic retinopathy: A swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography study

      Quantitative assessment of choriocapillaris flow deficits in diabetic retinopathy: A swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography study

      Purpose To quantitatively assess choriocapillaris (CC) flow deficits in eyes with diabetic retinopathy (DR) using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Methods Diabetic subjects with different stages of DR and age-matched healthy subjects were recruited and imaged with SS-OCTA. The en face CC blood flow images were generated using previously published and validated algorithms. The percentage of CC flow deficits (FD%) and the mean CC flow deficit size were calculated in a 5-mm-diameter circle centered on the fovea from the 6×6-mm scans. Results Forty-five diabetic subjects and 27 control subjects were included in the study. The CC FD% in ...

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    12. Relative retinal flow velocity detection using optical coherence tomography angiography imaging

      Relative retinal flow velocity detection using optical coherence tomography angiography imaging

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) imaging is a valuable tool for the visualization of retinal vasculature at an unprecedented level of details. However, due to relatively long time-interval between repeated scans in the conventional OCTA scanning protocol, the OCTA flow signal suffers from low dynamic range and loss of velocity-intensity correlation. The ability to distinguish fast and slow flow in the retina may provide a powerful tool for the assessment of early-stage retinal diseases such as vein occlusion. Here, we report a method to detect relative flow velocity in human retina using a 67.5 kHz spectral-domain OCTA device. By ...

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    13. Macular microvascular parameters in the ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer derived by optical coherence tomography angiography: Vascular structure-central visual function analysis

      Macular microvascular parameters in the ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer derived by optical coherence tomography angiography: Vascular structure-central visual function analysis

      Purpose To investigate the relationships between global and sectoral macular vascular microcirculation parameters in the ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and global and sectoral visual field (VF) central mean sensitivity (CMS) assessed by standard automated perimetry. Methods Fifty-four eyes with open angle glaucoma were scanned using a swept-source OCTA (Plex Elite 9000, Zeiss, Dublin, CA) and macular vascular microcirculation was measured by calculating the overall flux and vessel area density (VAD) over the entire 6mm x 6mm area, excluding large retinal vessels. Central 10-degree VF CMS was calculated based on 24–2 VF ...

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    14. Automated vessel diameter quantification and vessel tracing for OCT angiography

      Automated vessel diameter quantification and vessel tracing for OCT angiography

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is capable of non‐invasively imaging the vascular networks within circulatory tissue beds in vivo. Following improvements in OCTA image quality, it is now possible to extract vascular parameters from imaging data to potentially facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of human disease. In this paper, we present a method for automated mapping of vessel diameter down to the individual capillary level, through gradient‐guided minimum radial distance (MRD). During validation using well‐characterized microfluidic flow phantoms, this method demonstrated superior consistency and a nearly threefold decrease in error when compared to currently accepted techniques. In ...

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    15. OCT Angiography to Predict Geographic Atrophy Progression using Choriocapillaris Flow Void as a Biomarker

      OCT Angiography to Predict Geographic Atrophy Progression using Choriocapillaris Flow Void as a Biomarker

      Purpose : To investigate the relationship between choriocapillaris (CC) flow void (FV) percentage and geographic atrophy (GA) growth rate, and study how variations in FV percentage surrounding GA predict regional GA growth. Methods : This prospective, longitudinal study enrolled subjects with GA secondary to nonexudative age-related macular degeneration. Optical coherence tomography angiography imaged the CC and FV percentage was evaluated using a validated algorithm. GA growth rate was measured as the difference in the square root of GA area divided by the months between baseline and follow-up imaging. Results : Twelve eyes from 7 subjects with a mean age of 80 ± 5 years ...

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    16. Peripapillary and Macular Microcirculation in Glaucoma Patients of African and European Descent Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Peripapillary and Macular Microcirculation in Glaucoma Patients of African and European Descent Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Précis: We found no significant differences in peripapillary and macula microcirculation blood flow metrics in eyes with open angle glaucoma of African descent (AD) and European Descent (ED) as detected by optical coherence tomography-angiography ( OCTA ). Purpose: To investigate the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular vascular microcirculation in subjects of African descent (AD) and European descent (ED) with open-angle glaucoma using optical coherence tomography-angiography ( OCTA ). Patients and Methods: One eye from each subject was scanned using AngioPlex OCTA system (Zeiss Meditec Inc., Dublin, CA) covering both a 6 ×6▒mm scanning area centered at the optic nerve ...

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    17. Impacts of Axial Length on Retinal and Choriocapillaris Blood Flow Quantification in Myopia with Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Impacts of Axial Length on Retinal and Choriocapillaris Blood Flow Quantification in Myopia with Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Purpose : To evaluate the impact of image magnification correction on retinal and choriocapillaris (CC) blood flow quantification using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in myopic eyes. Methods : Subjects with myopia were recruited for ocular biometry, refraction, and OCTA imaging with a 6 × 6-mm protocol. The retinal vascular area density (RVAD), retinal vascular skeleton density (RVSD), retinal flow impairment area (RFIA), percentage of CC flow deficits (FD%), and the mean size of CC flow deficits (FDs) were quantified within a 5-mm-diameter circle centered on the fovea before and after magnification correction using the Littman and the modified Bennett formulae. Results ...

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    18. Ultra-Widefield Protocol Enhances Automated Classification of Diabetic Retinopathy Severity with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Ultra-Widefield Protocol Enhances Automated Classification of Diabetic Retinopathy Severity with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Purpose To assess the diagnostic utility of retinal nonperfusion to classify eyes based on diabetic retinopathy (DR) severity on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). To determine whether wider field of view (FOV) OCTA protocols enhance the diagnostic utility of retinal nonperfusion in the classification of DR severity. Design Retrospective cross-sectional study Subjects Diabetic patients undergoing ultra-widefield OCTA imaging at one academic retina practice Methods Ultra-widefield OCTA images with 100 degree FOV were obtained from 60 eyes. Eyes were grouped as diabetes without retinopathy (DWR), nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) or proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). The ratio of nonperfusion (RNP) was expressed ...

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    19. Correlations between Different Choriocapillaris Flow Deficit Parameters in Normal Eyes using Swept Source OCT Angiography

      Correlations between Different Choriocapillaris Flow Deficit Parameters in Normal Eyes using Swept Source OCT Angiography

      Purpose Choriocapillaris (CC) imaging of normal eyes with swept-source optical coherence tomography SS-OCTA was performed, and the percentage of CC flow deficits (FD%) and the average area of CC flow deficits (FDa) were compared within given macular regions. Design A prospective, cross-sectional study. Methods Subjects with normal eyes ranging in age from their 20s through their 80s were imaged with SS-OCTA (PLEX Elite 9000, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA) using both 3x3 mm and 6x6 mm macular scan patterns. The CC images were generated using a previously published and validated algorithm. In both 3x3 mm and 6x6 mm scans, the ...

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    20. Two-Year Risk of Exudation in Eyes with Nonexudative Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Subclinical Neovascularization Detected with Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Two-Year Risk of Exudation in Eyes with Nonexudative Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Subclinical Neovascularization Detected with Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Purpose Swept source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) was used to study the prevalence, incidence, and natural history of subclinical macular neovascularization (MNV) in eyes with unilateral nonexudative age-related macular degeneration. Design Prospective cohort study. Methods Patients were imaged using 3- × 3-mm and 6- × 6-mm SS-OCTA scan patterns. MNV was detected using the outer retina to choriocapillaris en face slab. Prevalence and incidence of subclinical MNV, Kaplan–Meier cumulative estimates for the overall risk of exudation, and the association between neovascular lesion size and the risk of exudation were assessed through 2 years. Results From August 2014 through March 2018 ...

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    21. Quantifying choriocapillaris hypoperfusion in patients with choroidal neovascularization using swept-source OCT angiography

      Quantifying choriocapillaris hypoperfusion in patients with choroidal neovascularization using swept-source OCT angiography

      Purpose: To compare choriocapillaris flow voids (FV) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with age-matched normal controls using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Patients and methods: Eleven eyes of 11 subjects with neovascular AMD and 11 eyes of 11 age-similar normal subjects were imaged using SS-OCTA with a 6x6mm scanning pattern. Choriocapillaris FV, defined as a percentage of regions determined to have flow deficits divided by the total scanned region, was measured using a one standard deviation thresholding algorithm developed from a database of age-similar normal subjects. Results: Choriocapillaris FV was more extensive in patients with choroidal ...

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    22. Systems and methods for quantitative assessment of microvasculature using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Systems and methods for quantitative assessment of microvasculature using optical coherence tomography angiography

      A five-index quantitative analysis of OCT angiograms is disclosed. One method of analyzing an anatomical region of interest of a subject includes acquiring vascular image data from the region of interest and generating a binary vasculature map from the vascular image data. A vessel skeleton map and vessel perimeter map are generated from the binary vasculature map. Based on the three generated maps, a vessel area density, vessel skeleton density, vessel perimeter index, vessel diameter index, and vessel complexity can be determined, in addition to detection of any flow impairment zones in the region of interest. These metrics can be ...

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    23. Two-Year Risk of Exudation in Eyes with Non-Exudative AMD and Subclinical Neovascularization Detected with Swept Source OCT Angiography

      Two-Year Risk of Exudation in Eyes with Non-Exudative AMD and Subclinical Neovascularization Detected with Swept Source OCT Angiography

      Purpose Swept source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) was used to study the prevalence, incidence, and natural history of subclinical macular neovascularization (MNV) in eyes with unilateral non-exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Design Prospective cohort study. Methods Patients were imaged using 3x3 mm and 6x6 mm SS-OCTA scan patterns. MNV was detected using the outer retina to choriocapillaris en face slab. Prevalence and incidence of subclinical MNV, Kaplan-Meier cumulative estimates for the overall risk of exudation, and the association between neovascular lesion size and the risk of exudation were assessed through 2 years. Results From August 2014 through March 2018 ...

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    24. Visualizing choriocapillaris using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography with various probe beam sizes

      Visualizing choriocapillaris using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography with various probe beam sizes

      Imaging choriocapillaris (CC) is a long-term challenge for commercial OCT angiography (OCTA) systems due to limited transverse resolution. Effects of transverse resolution on the visualization of a CC microvascular network are explored and demonstrated in this paper. We use three probe beams with sizes of ~1.12 mm, ~2.51 mm and ~3.50 mm at the pupil plane, which deliver an estimated transverse resolution at the retina of 17.5 µm, 8.8 µm and 7.0 µm, respectively, to investigate the ability of OCTA to resolve the CC capillary vessels. The complex optical microangiography algorithm is applied to ...

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    1-24 of 62 1 2 3 »
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