1. Articles from Rika Kawakami

    1-8 of 8
    1. Tangential Signal Dropout Mimicking the Appearance of Lipid-rich Plaques and Macrophage Infiltration on Optical Frequency Domain Imaging

      Tangential Signal Dropout Mimicking the Appearance of Lipid-rich Plaques and Macrophage Infiltration on Optical Frequency Domain Imaging

      Aims: This study evaluated the optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) artifact of tangential signal dropout (TSD), which mimics the appearance of lipid-rich plaque and macrophage (Mø) infiltration. Methods and results: A total of 1,019 histological cross-sections from 23 autopsy hearts were matched with the corresponding OFDI images. Of those, 232 OFDI cross-sections that contained signal-poor regions with diffuse borders were classified as lipid-rich plaques. The angle θ was calculated between the OFDI beam that strikes the edge of the luminal surface of the low-intensity region and that which strikes the surface line of the low-intensity region. On histological evaluation, 182 ...

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      Mentions: Kenichi Fujii
    2. Histopathological validation of optical coherence tomography findings of the coronary arteries

      Histopathological validation of optical coherence tomography findings of the coronary arteries

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT), a catheter-based imaging modality for the visualization of coronary arteries, is widely used during percutaneous coronary intervention to improve the understanding of the anatomy of coronary artery stenosis and to elucidate the mechanisms of atherosclerosis. In this review, we provide a short description of the histopathological validations of OCT for visualizing atherosclerotic plaques and vascular healing response after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Because OCT measures the intensity of light returning from within a tissue, tissue having a higher heterogeneity of optical index of refraction, such as microcalcification deposition and foam cell accumulation on the luminal surface ...

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      Mentions: Kenichi Fujii
    3. Ex Vivo Assessment of Neointimal Characteristics After Drug-eluting Stent Implantation: Optical Coherence Tomography and Histopathology Validation Study

      Ex Vivo Assessment of Neointimal Characteristics After Drug-eluting Stent Implantation: Optical Coherence Tomography and Histopathology Validation Study

      Background Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is one of the tools trying to distinguish neoatherosclerosis from other neointimal tissue but its role has to be still validated. This study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of OCT for characterization of lipid-atherosclerotic neointima following drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods Twelve stented coronary arteries from the 7 autopsy hearts were imaged by OCT. These OCT images were compared with histology. By OCT, the morphological appearances of neointima were classified into three patterns: homogeneous pattern, heterogeneous pattern with visible strut, or heterogeneous pattern with invisible strut. Results Of 21 histological cross-sections, 6 were categorized as homogeneous ...

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    4. Thin-cap fibroatheroma and large calcification at the proximal stent edge correlate with a high proportion of uncovered stent struts in the chronic phase

      Thin-cap fibroatheroma and large calcification at the proximal stent edge correlate with a high proportion of uncovered stent struts in the chronic phase

      Objective: A high proportion of uncovered stent struts is associated with late stent thrombosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, which frequently results in myocardial infarction or death. However, the predictors of uncovered stent struts remain unknown. Here, using optical coherence tomography (OCT), we studied the baseline tissue characteristics of the target coronary segment and evaluated their influence on the neointimal coverage of the strut in the chronic phase. Methods: We analyzed 118 coronary lesions treated with OCT-guided DES implantation. OCT examinations of target lesions were performed before and after DES implantation, and tissue characteristics were evaluated within 5 mm outer ...

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    5. Restenosis After Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation in a Patient With Polycythemia Vera Optical Coherence Tomography and Pathological Findings

      Restenosis After Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation in a Patient With Polycythemia Vera Optical Coherence Tomography and Pathological Findings

      An 83-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to diverticular bleeding of the colon. She had a history of everolimus-eluting stent implantation in the left anterior descending artery (31 months before) and the right coronary artery (20 and 31 months before) because of stable angina. She was prescribed aspirin 100 mg/day and clopidogrel 75 mg/day, followed by single antiplatelet therapy by aspirin during the last 8 months. Aspirin was discontinued for the endoscopic therapy at her admission. Complete blood count showed hemoglobin of 17.5 g/dl and hematocrit of 55.2%, from which polycythemia vera (PV ...

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      Mentions: Abbot Kenichi Fujii
    6. Different Findings in a Calcified Nodule Between Histology and Intravascular Imaging Such as Intravascular Ultrasound, Optical Coherence Tomography, and Coronary Angioscopy

      Different Findings in a Calcified Nodule Between Histology and Intravascular Imaging Such as Intravascular Ultrasound, Optical Coherence Tomography, and Coronary Angioscopy

      An 89-year-old woman who suffered a stroke and congestive heart failure was admitted to our hospital. She died of heart failure and autopsy was performed. Coronary arteries were removed from the heart and used for ex vivo imaging of intravascular ultrasound ([IVUS]; Atlantis, Boston Scientific Corporation, Natick, Massachusetts), optical coherence tomography (LightLab imaging Inc., Westford, Massachusetts), and coronary angioscopy (FiberTech, Tokyo, Japan) within 6 h after death before fixation with 10% buffered formalin. IVUS illustrated a convex lesion with superficial hyperechoic signal accompanied by acoustic shadowing at the left anterior descending artery (Figure 1 , arrows). Optical coherence tomography demonstrated an ...

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    7. Colocalization of thin-cap fibroatheroma and spotty calcification is a powerful predictor of procedure-related myocardial injury after elective coronary stent implantation

      Colocalization of thin-cap fibroatheroma and spotty calcification is a powerful predictor of procedure-related myocardial injury after elective coronary stent implantation

      Objectives Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-related cardiac enzyme elevation is an independent risk factor for adverse clinical outcomes, but preprocedural predictors of this complication have not been established. This study evaluated the morphological characteristics of culprit lesions by frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT), and examined their predictive value for procedure-related myocardial injury in patients undergoing elective PCI. Methods Sixty-eight patients treated by FD-OCT-guided elective PCI were studied. On the basis of the presence or absence of postprocedural plasma cardiac troponin T (cTnT) elevation, patients were divided into elevation (cTnT-E, n =25) and nonelevation (cTnT-nonE, n =43) groups. FD-OCT examinations of ...

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    8. Side branch complication after a single-stent crossover technique: prediction with frequency domain optical coherence tomography

      Side branch complication after a single-stent crossover technique: prediction with frequency domain optical coherence tomography

      Objectives: To identify preprocedural predictors of side branch (SB) complications after coronary bifurcation stent implantation using frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). Background: Coronary bifurcation lesions are common but difficult to treat. Longitudinal reconstruction images of FD-OCT have high image quality and less motion artifacts. Methods: Among 49 patients (age: 69.9 years) who underwent elective coronary stenting, 52 bifurcation lesions without baseline SB stenosis were studied. SB complication was defined as angiographic worsening of SB stenosis (>75%). On the basis of preprocedural FD-OCT imaging, plaque distribution, SB angle, carina tip angle (CT angle), and length between proximal branching point ...

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    1-8 of 8
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    1. (4 articles) Kenichi Fujii
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    Side branch complication after a single-stent crossover technique: prediction with frequency domain optical coherence tomography Colocalization of thin-cap fibroatheroma and spotty calcification is a powerful predictor of procedure-related myocardial injury after elective coronary stent implantation Different Findings in a Calcified Nodule Between Histology and Intravascular Imaging Such as Intravascular Ultrasound, Optical Coherence Tomography, and Coronary Angioscopy Restenosis After Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation in a Patient With Polycythemia Vera Optical Coherence Tomography and Pathological Findings Thin-cap fibroatheroma and large calcification at the proximal stent edge correlate with a high proportion of uncovered stent struts in the chronic phase Ex Vivo Assessment of Neointimal Characteristics After Drug-eluting Stent Implantation: Optical Coherence Tomography and Histopathology Validation Study Histopathological validation of optical coherence tomography findings of the coronary arteries Tangential Signal Dropout Mimicking the Appearance of Lipid-rich Plaques and Macrophage Infiltration on Optical Frequency Domain Imaging Factors Associated with Changes in Retinal Layers Following Acute Optic Neuritis: A Longitudinal Study Using Optical Coherence Tomography Relationship between N95 Amplitude of Pattern Electroretinogram and Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Open-Angle Glaucoma Historic Effort to 'End Blindness" Marks a Major Milestone with Leading Scientist Recognized for Pioneering Work at VIP Ceremony Featuring Tribute to Ruth Bader Ginsburg Healing and early stent coverage after ultrathin strut biodegradable polymer‐coated sirolimus‐eluting stent implantation: SiBi optical coherence tomography study