1. Articles from Shuichi Makita

    25-48 of 87 « 1 2 3 4 »
    1. Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Birefringence imaging of posterior eye by multi-functional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      A clinical grade prototype of posterior multifunctional Jones matrix optical coherence tomography (JM-OCT) is presented. This JM-OCT visualized depth-localized birefringence in addition to conventional cumulative phase retardation imaging through local Jones matrix analysis. In addition, it simultaneously provides a sensitivity enhanced scattering OCT, a quantitative polarization uniformity contrast, and OCT-based angiography. The probe beam is at 1- μ m wavelength band. The measurement speed and the depth-resolution were 100,000 A-lines/s, and 6.6 μ m in tissue, respectively. Normal and pathologic eyes are examined and several clinical features are revealed, which includes high birefringence in the choroid and lamina cribrosa ...

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    2. Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging of Feeder Vessels in Exudative Macular Disease

      Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging of Feeder Vessels in Exudative Macular Disease

      We evaluated the three-dimensional vascular architecture of feeder vessels in exudative macular disease. A case of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy with choroidal neovascularization was examined with Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT), and the three-dimensional architecture of the feeder vessels could be clearly visualized in the Doppler OCT angiography image, showing the site of growth of the feeder vessels passing through Bruch’s membrane. Together, the results demonstrated in this case report that Doppler OCT was useful for the noninvasive assessment of feeder vessels in exudative macular disease.

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    3. In-plane and out-of-plane tissue micro-displacement measurement by correlation coefficients of optical coherence tomography

      In-plane and out-of-plane tissue micro-displacement measurement by correlation coefficients of optical coherence tomography

      We propose a method to measure the in-plane and out-of-plane displacements of tissue using the correlation coefficients of optical coherence tomography (OCT) signals. The displacements are determined by the local correlation coefficients between digitally shifted reference OCT images and a target image. The method achieves sub-micron displacement measurement with an accuracy better than 0.32 μm and repeatability better than 0.36 μm. The feasibility of the method was examined by measuring the displacement field of a laser irradiated porcine retina. This method successfully visualized the dynamic change of the displacement field during laser irradiation.

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    4. In vivo photothermal optical coherence tomography for non-invasive imaging of endogenous absorption agents

      In vivo photothermal optical coherence tomography for non-invasive imaging of endogenous absorption agents

      In vivo photothermal optical coherence tomography (OCT) is demonstrated for cross-sectional imaging of endogenous absorption agents. In order to compromise the sensitivity, imaging speed, and sample motion immunity, a new photothermal detection scheme and phase processing method are developed. Phase-resolved swept-source OCT and fiber-pigtailed laser diode (providing excitation at 406 nm) are combined to construct a high-sensitivity photothermal OCT system. OCT probe and excitation beam coaxially illuminate and are focused on tissues. The photothermal excitation and detection procedure is designed to obtain high efficiency of photothermal effect measurement. The principle and method of depth-resolved cross-sectional imaging of absorption agents with ...

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    5. Optically buffered Jones-matrix-based multifunctional optical coherence tomography with polarization mode dispersion correction

      Optically buffered Jones-matrix-based multifunctional optical coherence tomography with polarization mode dispersion correction

      Polarization mode dispersion (PMD) degrades the performance of Jones-matrix-based polarization-sensitive multifunctional optical coherence tomography (JM-OCT). The problem is specially acute for optically buffered JM-OCT, because the long fiber in the optical buffering module induces a large amount of PMD. This paper aims at presenting a method to correct the effect of PMD in JM-OCT. We first mathematically model the PMD in JM-OCT and then derive a method to correct the PMD. This method is a combination of simple hardware modification and subsequent software correction. The hardware modification is introduction of two polarizers which transform the PMD into global complex modulation ...

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    6. Two-dimensional micro-displacement measurement for laser coagulation using optical coherence tomography

      Two-dimensional micro-displacement measurement for laser coagulation using optical coherence tomography

      To improve the reproducibility of photocoagulation, the ability to quantitatively monitor the thermal change of laser-irradiated retinal tissue is required. Recently, optical coherence tomography has enabled non-invasive and non-contact monitoring of the tissue structural changes during laser irradiation. To further improve the capability of this technique, a method is proposed to measure tissue displacement by simultaneously using Doppler phase shifts and correlation coefficients. The theoretical approach for this method is described, and its performance is experimentally confirmed and evaluated. Finally, lateral and axial displacements in the laser-irradiated retinal tissues of an enucleated porcine eye are observed. The proposed method is ...

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    7. Degree of polarization uniformity with high noise immunity using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Degree of polarization uniformity with high noise immunity using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      A new metric representing polarization uniformity is presented. Noise corrected degree of polarization uniformity (DOPU) is computed from polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT), and selectively visualizes tissue with the multiple scattering, such as highly pigmented tissues. The new metric is designed to be minimally sensitive to systematic additive noise. The performance of this new metric is analyzed by numerical simulation and in vivo human retinal imaging, using Jones matrix OCT. The new metric exhibited only a small dependency on the signal-to-noise ratio. Selective in vivo visualization of pigmented tissues in the human retina is demonstrated, with cross sectional and en-face ...

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    8. Simultaneous Investigation of Vascular and Retinal Pigment Epithelial Pathologies of Exudative Macular Diseases by Multi-Functional Optical Coherence Tomography

      Simultaneous Investigation of Vascular and Retinal Pigment Epithelial Pathologies of Exudative Macular Diseases by Multi-Functional Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose: To investigate exudative macular disease, multi-functional optical coherence tomography (MF-OCT) using a 1-μm probe band was developed. The clinical utility of MF-OCT was examined in a descriptive case series. Methods: Ten eyes of nine subjects with exudative macular disease, including one eye with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), one eye with idiopathic neovascular maculopathy, and eight eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), were investigated. Areas of 6 × 6 mm 2 around the pathologic region were scanned with 512 × 1024 depth scans in 6.6 seconds. Structural OCT, Doppler optical coherence angiography (OCA) and cumulative phase retardation images were obtained ...

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    9. Bayesian maximum likelihood estimator of phase retardation for quantitative polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Bayesian maximum likelihood estimator of phase retardation for quantitative polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      This paper presents the theory and numerical implementation of a maximum likelihood estimator for local phase retardation (i.e., birefringence) measured using Jones-matrix-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography. Previous studies have shown conventional mean estimations of phase retardation and birefringence are significantly biased in the presence of system noise. Our estimator design is based on a Bayes’ rule that relates the distributions of the measured birefringence under a particular true birefringence and the true birefringence under a particular measured birefringence. We used a Monte-Carlo method to calculate the likelihood function that describes the relationship between the distributions and numerically implement ...

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    10. Toward absorption contrast imaging of biological tissues in vivo by using photothermal optical coherence tomography

      Toward absorption contrast imaging of biological tissues in vivo by using photothermal optical coherence tomography

      Optical coherence tomography has been proven in the last two decades its clinical value by providing 3D non-invasive in vivo biopsy of the biological samples. In addition to structural information given by the backscattered intensity, the optical absorption will also provide another powerful contrast. Optical absorbers in biological tissues exhibits important role such as hemoglobin and melanin. However, current methods of absorption contrast take long time and not suitable for in vivo imaging. Toward in vivo absorption contrast imaging, we developed photothermal OCT system by combining swept-source OCT system and excitation laser. A swept-source OCT system is used with a ...

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    11. Quantitative two-dimensional micro-displacement measurement by optical coherence tomography

      Quantitative two-dimensional micro-displacement measurement by optical coherence tomography

      There are several applications of quantitative micro-displacement measurement of a biological specimen, including characterization of mechanical property and monitoring a laser-induced photothermal expansion. In this study, we proposed a quantitative micro-displacement measurement method using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Specifically, the axial displacement is measured by Doppler OCT and magnitude of displacement is measured by correlation coefficient. By using this method, we measured the local and microdisplacement of the chicken muscles during laser irradiation. The proposed method successfully visualizes thermal changes of chicken muscle due to the laser irradiation. The measured displacement and deformation are useful information for the further understanding ...

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    12. Noise statistics of phase-resolved optical coherence tomography imaging: single-and dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence tomography

      Noise statistics of phase-resolved optical coherence tomography imaging: single-and dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence tomography

      Noise statistics of phase-resolved optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging are complicated and involve noises of OCT, correlation of signals, and speckles. In this paper, the statistical properties of phase shift between two OCT signals that contain additive random noises and speckle noises are presented. Experimental results obtained with a scattering tissue phantom are in good agreement with theoretical predictions. The performances of the dual-beam method and conventional single-beam method are compared. As expected, phase shift noise in the case of the dual-beam-scan method is less than that for the single-beam method when the transversal sampling step is large.

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    13. Advanced multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging

      Advanced multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging

      An advanced version of Jones matrix optical coherence tomography (JMT) is demonstrated for Doppler and polarization sensitive imaging of the posterior eye. JMT is capable of providing localized flow tomography by Doppler detection and investigating the birefringence property of tissue through a three-dimensional (3-D) Jones matrix measurement. Owing to an incident polarization multiplexing scheme based on passive optical components, this system is stable, safe in a clinical environment, and cost effective. Since the properties of this version of JMT provide intrinsic compensation for system imperfection, the system is easy to calibrate. Compared with the previous version of JMT, this advanced ...

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    14. Thickness mapping of the inner retina by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in an N-methyl-d-aspartate-induced retinal damage model

      Thickness mapping of the inner retina by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in an N-methyl-d-aspartate-induced retinal damage model

      Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is an interferometric optical tomography technique and provides high resolution and noninvasive visualization of retinal morphology. The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of thickness maps and quantitative thickness measurements of the ganglion cell complex (GCC: retinal nerve fiber layer, ganglion cell layer, and inner plexiform layer) obtained by SD-OCT of a mouse model of N -methyl- d -aspartate (NMDA)-induced retinal damage. SD-OCT imaging was performed in ddY mice at 1, 3, and 7 days and 1 month after intravitreal injection of NMDA. GCC thickness maps and circle cross-sectional OCT images ...

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    15. Noninvasive Investigation of Deep Vascular Pathologies of Exudative Macular Diseases by High Penetration Optical Coherence Angiography

      Noninvasive Investigation of Deep Vascular Pathologies of Exudative Macular Diseases by High Penetration Optical Coherence Angiography

      Purpose: A newly developed high-penetration Doppler optical coherence angiography (HP-OCA) with a 1-μm probe beam for non-invasive investigation of vascular pathology of exudative macular diseases is introduced. A descriptive case series is presented to discuss the clinical utility of HP-OCA. Methods: Eleven eyes of 10 subjects with exudative macular disease, including 2 eyes with myopic choroidal neovascularization (mCNV), 4 eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and 5 eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), were investigated. Two Doppler scanning modes (bi-directional and high-sensitive) of HP-OCA were used for the investigation. HP-OCA provides depth resolved and en face angiograms and a ...

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    16. Three-dimensional retinal and choroidal capillary imaging by power Doppler optical coherence angiography with adaptive optics

      Three-dimensional retinal and choroidal capillary imaging by power Doppler optical coherence angiography with adaptive optics

      Retinal and choroidal vascular imaging is a key to the better understanding and diagnosis of eye diseases. To achieve comprehensive three-dimensional capillary imaging, we used an enhanced vascular imaging technique, so called adaptive optics optical coherence angiography (AO-OCA). AO-OCA enables in vivo high-resolution and high-contrast micro-vascular imaging by detecting Doppler frequency shifts. Using this technique, the retinal and choroidal vasculatures of healthy subjects were imaged. The results show that both intensity and Doppler power images have sufficient contrast to discriminate almost all vasculatures from the static tissue. However, the choriocapillaris, pre-arterioles, and post-venules in the Sattler layer were more contrasted ...

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    17. Extended depth of focus adaptive optics spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Extended depth of focus adaptive optics spectral domain optical coherence tomography
      We present an adaptive optics spectral domain optical coherence tomography (AO-SDOCT) with a long focal range by active phase modulation of the pupil. A long focal range is achieved by introducing AO-controlled third-order spherical aberration (SA). The property of SA and its effects on focal range are investigated in detail using the Huygens-Fresnel principle, beam profile measurement and OCT imaging of a phantom. The results indicate that the focal range is extended by applying SA, and the direction of extension can be controlled by the sign of applied SA. Finally, we demonstrated in vivo human retinal imaging by altering the ...
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    18. An approach to measure blood flow in single choroidal vessel using Doppler optical coherence tomography

      An approach to measure blood flow in single choroidal vessel using Doppler optical coherence tomography

      Purpose:To evaluate the absolute blood flow rate in a single choroidal vessel using Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods:Three choroidal vessels were selected in the right eye of three normal subjects, and were measured with Doppler OCT at a 1,020-nm probe wavelength. The pulsatile change of the blood flow was obtained from synchronized measurement of Doppler OCT and plethysmography. Absolute blood flow rates in choroidal vessels were calculated from Doppler OCT volume data. Results:The cyclic change of the blood flow was quantitatively obtained. Absolute blood flow velocities and blood flow rates at peak systole [mean (SD ...

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    19. Optical Rheology of Porcine Sclera by Birefringence Imaging

      Optical Rheology of Porcine Sclera by Birefringence Imaging

      Purpose To investigate a relationship between birefringence and elasticity of porcine sclera ex vivo using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). Methods Elastic parameters and birefringence of 19 porcine eyes were measured. Four pieces of scleral strips which were parallel to the limbus, with a width of 4 mm, were dissected from the optic nerve head to the temporal side of each porcine eye. Birefringence of the sclera was measured with a prototype PS-OCT. The strain and force were measured with a uniaxial material tester as the sample was stretched with a speed of 1.8 mm/min after preconditioning. A ...

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    20. Office based multi-functional anterior eye segment optical coherence tomography

      Office based multi-functional anterior eye segment optical coherence tomography

      An office based Doppler and polarization sensitive swept-source optical coherence tomography (Doppler-PS-SS-OCT) was developed for diagnosis and evaluation of abnormalities of anterior eye segment in clinic. A healthy eye was measured in vivo by the Doppler PS-OCT. The results showed that the Doppler PS-OCT may have potential to identify blood vessels and discriminate fibrous tissues in abnormalities, such as scarring in bleb, and scleral inflammation.

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    21. High-Penetration Optical Coherence Tomography With Enhanced Depth Imaging of Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy

      High-Penetration Optical Coherence Tomography With Enhanced Depth Imaging of Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy

      Please wait Close Window A combination of high-penetration spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (central wavelength: 1,020 nm) and an enhanced depth imaging protocol (HP-EDI-OCT) was used to evaluate 5 eyes of 5 patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). In all eyes, HP-EDI-OCT provided high-contrast images of PCV lesions in the subretinal pigment epithelium (sub-RPE). In the space between the RPE line and Bruch’s membrane, various PCV lesions, including vascular networks, polypoidal lesions, and sub-RPE hemorrhage, were clearly identified. The chorioscleral interface was clearly observed, and the entire structure of the choroid was readily identified. Thus, HP-EDI-OCT was useful for ...

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    22. Dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence angiography for birefringence-artifact-free vasculature imaging

      Dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence angiography for birefringence-artifact-free vasculature imaging
      Dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence angiography (DB-OCA) enables high-speed, high-sensitivity blood flow imaging. However, birefringence of biological tissues is an obstacle to vasculature imaging. Here, the influence of polarization and birefringence on DB-OCA imaging was analyzed. A DB-OCA system without birefringence artifact has been developed by introducing a Faraday rotator. The performance was confirmed in vitro using chicken muscle and in vivo using the human eye. Birefringence artifacts due to birefringent tissues were suppressed. Micro-vasculatures in the lamina cribrosa and nerve fiber layer of human eyes were visualized in vivo. High-speed and high-sensitivity micro-vasculature imaging involving birefringent tissues is available with ...
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    23. High-penetration swept source Doppler optical coherence angiography by fully numerical phase stabilization

      High-penetration swept source Doppler optical coherence angiography by fully numerical phase stabilization
      A high-penetration swept-source optical coherence tomography (HP-SS-OCT) system based on a 1-μm short cavity laser is developed. Doppler OCT processing is applied, along with a custom-made numerical phase stabilization algorithm; this process does not require additional calibration hardware. Thus, our phase stabilization method is simple and can be employed in a variety of SS-OCT systems. The bidirectional blood flow and vasculature in the deep choroid was successfully imaged via two Doppler modes that use different time intervals for Doppler processing. En face projection image of squared power of Doppler shift is compared to ICGA, and the utility of our method ...
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    24. Variable velocity range imaging of the choroid with dual-beam optical coherence angiography

      Variable velocity range imaging of the choroid with dual-beam optical coherence angiography

      In this study, we present dual-beam Doppler optical coherence angiography with variable beam separation. Altering beam distance, independently of the scanning protocol, provides a flexible way to select the velocity range of detectable blood flow. This system utilized a one-micrometer wavelength light source to visualize deep into the posterior eye, i.e., the choroid. Two-dimensional choroidal vasculature maps of a human subject acquired with different beam separations, and hence with several velocity ranges, are presented. Combining these maps yields a semi-quantitative visualization of axial velocity of the choroidal circulation. The proposed technique may be useful for identifying choroidal abnormalities that ...

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    25-48 of 87 « 1 2 3 4 »
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    1. (86 articles) University of Tsukuba
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