1. Articles from Lev A. Matveev

    1-14 of 14
    1. Analysis of low-scattering regions in optical coherence tomography: applications to neurography and lymphangiography

      Analysis of low-scattering regions in optical coherence tomography: applications to neurography and lymphangiography

      Analysis of semi-transparent low scattering biological structures in optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been actively pursued in the context of lymphatic imaging, with most approaches relying on the relative absence of signal as a means of detection. Here we present an alternate methodology based on spatial speckle statistics, utilizing the similarity of a distribution of given voxel intensities to the power distribution function of pure noise, to visualize the low-scattering biological structures of interest. In a human tumor xenograft murine model, we show that these correspond to lymphatic vessels and nerves; extensive histopathologic validation studies are reported to unequivocally establish ...

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    2. Analysis of low-scattering regions in optical coherence tomography

      Analysis of low-scattering regions in optical coherence tomography

      Analysis of semi-transparent low scattering biological structures in optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been actively pursued in the context of lymphatic imaging, with most approaches relying on the relative absence of signal as a means of detection. Here we present an alternate methodology based on spatial speckle statistics, utilizing the similarity of a distribution of given voxel intensities to the power distribution function of pure noise, to visualize the low-scattering biological structures of interest. In a human tumor xenograft murine model, we show that these correspond to lymphatic vessels and nerves; extensive histopathologic validation studies are reported to unequivocally establish ...

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    3. Optical coherence elastography for strain dynamics measurements in laser correction of cornea shape

      Optical coherence elastography for strain dynamics measurements in laser correction of cornea shape

      We describe the use of elastographic processing in phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) for visualizing dynamics of strain and tissue-shape changes during laser-induced photothermal corneal reshaping, for applications in the emerging field of non-destructive and non-ablative (non-LASIK) laser vision correction. The proposed phase-processing approach based on fairly sparse data acquisition enabled rapid data processing and near-real-time visualization of dynamic strains. The approach avoids conventional phase unwrapping, yet allows for mapping strains even for significantly supra-wavelength inter-frame displacements of scatterers accompanied by multiple phase-wrapping. These developments bode well for real-time feedback systems for controlling the dynamics of corneal deformation with 10 ...

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    4. Multiparameter thermo-mechanical OCT-based characterization of laser-induced cornea reshaping

      Multiparameter thermo-mechanical OCT-based characterization of laser-induced cornea reshaping

      Phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used for visualizing dynamic and cumulative strains and corneashape changes during laser-produced tissue heating. Such non-destructive (non-ablative) cornea reshaping can be used as a basis of emerging technologies of laser vision correction. In experiments with cartilaginous samples, polyacrilamide phantoms and excised rabbit eyes we demonstrate ability of the developed OCT system to simultaneously characterize transient and cumulated strain distributions, surface displacements, scattering tissue properties and possibility of temperature estimation via thermal-expansion measurements. The proposed approach can be implemented in perspective real-time OCT systems for ensuring safety of new methods of laser reshaping of cornea.

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    5. Multimodal optical coherence tomography for in vivo imaging of brain tissue structure and microvascular network at glioblastoma

      Multimodal optical coherence tomography for in vivo imaging of brain tissue structure and microvascular network at glioblastoma

      In the case of infiltrative brain tumors the surgeon faces difficulties in determining their boundaries to achieve total resection. The aim of the investigation was to evaluate the performance of multimodal OCT (MM OCT) for differential diagnostics of normal brain tissue and glioma using an experimental model of glioblastoma. The spectral domain OCT device that was used for the study provides simultaneously two modes: cross-polarization and microangiographic OCT. The comparative analysis of the both OCT modalities images from tumorous and normal brain tissue areas concurrently with histologic correlation shows certain difference between when accordingly to morphological and microvascular tissue features.

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    6. Optical coherence tomography for visualizing transient strains and measuring large deformations in laser-induced tissue reshaping

      Optical coherence tomography for visualizing transient strains and measuring large deformations in laser-induced tissue reshaping

      In the context of the development of emerging laser-assisted thermo-mechanical technologies for non-destructive reshaping of avascular collagenous tissues (cartilages and cornea), we report the first application of phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) for visualizing transient strains involving supra-wavelength inter-frame displacements of scatterers. Usually phase-sensitive OCT assumes the visualization of sub-pixel and even sub-wavelength displacements of scatterers and fairly small strains (say, <10 −3 ), which conventionally implies the necessity of averaging for enhancing the effective signal-to-noise ratio and, correspondingly, the application of small-amplitude actuators producing periodic deformations. The original approach used here allows for direct estimation of elevated strains ~10 −2 ...

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    7. Vessel-contrast enhancement in label-free optical coherence angiography based on phase and amplitude speckle variability

      Vessel-contrast enhancement in label-free optical coherence angiography based on phase and amplitude speckle variability

      Recently proposed in vivo label-free optical coherence angiography techniques based on phase and amplitude speckle variability often require additional signal pre- and post processing operations to enhance vessel-contrast. We observe here 1) contrast enhancement by optimizing the signal normalization/weighing before processing; 2) algorithm based on Kasai estimator for phase compensation between processed A-scans to reduce masking role of motion artifacts; and 3) image projection through the imaging depth for en face plotting. We demonstrate the efficiency of proposed additional algorithms as for the microcirculation imaging of hamsters cheek in vivo as for the preliminary microcirculation imaging of patients after ...

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    8. Robust strain mapping in optical coherence elastography by combining local phase-resolved measurements and cumulative displacement tracking

      Robust strain mapping in optical coherence elastography by combining local phase-resolved measurements and cumulative displacement tracking

      We report a novel hybrid method of robust strain mapping in compressional optical coherence elastography using combined phase measurements on sub-wavelength-scale and cumulative pixel-scale displacement tracking. This hybrid nature significantly extends the range of measurable displacements and strains in comparison with conventional direct phase-resolved measurements. As a result, the proposed strain-mapping method exhibits significantly increased robustness with respect to both additive noise and decorrelation noise produced by displacements and strains. The main advantages of the proposed approach are illustrated by numerical simulations. Experimental examples of obtained strain maps for phantoms and real biological tissues are also presented

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    9. Deformation-induced speckle-pattern evolution and feasibility of correlational speckle tracking in optical coherence elastography

      Deformation-induced speckle-pattern evolution and feasibility of correlational speckle tracking in optical coherence elastography

      Feasibility of speckle tracking in optical coherence tomography (OCT) based on digital image correlation (DIC) is discussed in the context of elastography problems. Specifics of applying DIC methods to OCT, compared to processing of photographic images in mechanical engineering applications, are emphasized and main complications are pointed out. Analytical arguments are augmented by accurate numerical simulations of OCT speckle patterns. In contrast to DIC processing for displacement and strain estimation in photographic images, the accuracy of correlational speckle tracking in deformed OCT images is strongly affected by the coherent nature of speckles, for which strain-induced complications of speckle “blinking” and ...

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    10. Scan-pattern and signal processing for microvasculature visualization with complex SD-OCT: tissue-motion artifacts robustness and decorrelation time - blood vessel characteristics

      Scan-pattern and signal processing for microvasculature visualization with complex SD-OCT: tissue-motion artifacts robustness and decorrelation time - blood vessel characteristics

      We propose a modification of OCT scanning pattern and corresponding signal processing for 3D visualizing blood microcirculation from complex-signal B-scans. We describe the scanning pattern modifications that increase the methods’ robustness to bulk tissue motion artifacts, with speed up to several cm/s. Based on these modifications, OCT-based angiography becomes more realistic under practical measurement conditions. For these scan patterns, we apply novel signal processing to separate the blood vessels with different decorrelation times, by varying of effective temporal diversity of processed signals. 

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    11. Hybrid M-mode-like OCT imaging of 3D microvasculature in vivo using reference-free processing of complex-valued B-scans

      Hybrid M-mode-like OCT imaging of 3D  microvasculature in vivo using reference-free  processing of complex-valued B-scans

      We propose a novel OCT-based method for visualizing microvasculature in 3D using reference-free processing of individual complex-valued B-scans with highly overlapped A-scans. In the lateral direction of such a B-scan, the amplitude and phase of speckles corresponding to vessel regions exhibit faster variability, and thus can be detected without comparison with other B-scans recorded in the same plane. This method combines elements of several existing OCT angiographic approaches, and exhibits: (i) enhanced robustness with respect to bulk tissue motion with frequencies up to tens of Hz; (ii) resolution of microcirculation images equal to that of structural images and (iii) possibility ...

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    12. Combining the correlation-stability approach to OCT elastography with the speckle-variance evaluation for quantifying the stiffness differences

      Combining the correlation-stability approach to OCT elastography with the speckle-variance evaluation for quantifying the stiffness differences

      We discuss an advanced variant of the correlation-stability (CS) approach to OCT elastography that is capable of quantifying the stiffness differences. The modified variant is based on natural combination of CS approach with the speckle-variance (SV) approach. It allows one to determine the strain dependence of the normalized speckle intensity variance function for two compared subsets taken from the OCT images corresponding to the initial and deformed states of the tissue. In previous studies we considered the basic dependence of the normalized speckle intensity variance function on the tissue strain under the assumption that the influence of translational displacements can ...

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    13. Towards free-hand implementation of OCT elastography: displacement-based approaches versus correlation-stability ones

      Towards free-hand implementation of OCT elastography: displacement-based approaches versus correlation-stability ones

      In this report, we present a comparative discussion of a recently proposed method of elastographic mapping based on comparison of correlation stability (CS) of different parts of sequentially obtained OCT images of the strained tissue and more conventional correlation approaches to elastographic mapping based on the initial reconstruction of the displacement field. The performed study is based on numerical simulations of speckle patterns generated by reproducing main features of image formation in real OCT scanners. Distortions of such speckle patterns caused by either translational motion of the studied sample or its straining are also incorporated in the developed simulation method ...

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    14. Elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography using an unconventional approach based on correlation stability

      Elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography using an unconventional approach based on correlation stability

      An approach to elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography (OCT) using comparison of correlation stability of sequentially obtained intensity OCT images of the studied strained tissue is discussed. The basic idea is that for stiffer regions, the OCT image is distorted to a smaller degree. Consequently, cross-correlation maps obtained with compensation of trivial translational motion of the image parts using a sliding correlation window can represent the spatial distribution of the relative tissue stiffness. An important advantage of the proposed approach is that it allows one to avoid the stage of local-strain reconstruction via error-sensitive numerical differentiation of experimentally determined ...

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    1-14 of 14
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  2. Topics in the News

    1. (11 articles) Institute of Applied Physics
    2. (11 articles) Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy
    3. (11 articles) Grigory V. Gelikonov
    4. (9 articles) University of Toronto
    5. (9 articles) I. Alex Vitkin
    6. (7 articles) Valentin M. Gelikonov
    7. (3 articles) Natalia D. Gladkova
    8. (2 articles) National Research Council Canada
    9. (2 articles) Costel Flueraru
    10. (2 articles) Maria M. Karabut
    11. (1 articles) University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    12. (1 articles) Duke University
    13. (1 articles) Joseph A. Izatt
    14. (1 articles) Stephen A. Boppart
    15. (1 articles) Sina Farsiu
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    Elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography using an unconventional approach based on correlation stability Towards free-hand implementation of OCT elastography: displacement-based approaches versus correlation-stability ones Combining the correlation-stability approach to OCT elastography with the speckle-variance evaluation for quantifying the stiffness differences Hybrid M-mode-like OCT imaging of 3D  microvasculature in vivo using reference-free  processing of complex-valued B-scans Scan-pattern and signal processing for microvasculature visualization with complex SD-OCT: tissue-motion artifacts robustness and decorrelation time - blood vessel characteristics Deformation-induced speckle-pattern evolution and feasibility of correlational speckle tracking in optical coherence elastography Robust strain mapping in optical coherence elastography by combining local phase-resolved measurements and cumulative displacement tracking Vessel-contrast enhancement in label-free optical coherence angiography based on phase and amplitude speckle variability Optical coherence tomography for visualizing transient strains and measuring large deformations in laser-induced tissue reshaping Optical coherence elastography for strain dynamics measurements in laser correction of cornea shape IMAGING TECHNIQUE FROM BECKMAN LAB NAMED TOP 10 MICROSCOPY INNOVATION Optical coherence refraction tomography