1. Articles from Behrooz Zabihian

    1-10 of 10
    1. Mapping Retinal and Choroidal Thickness in Unilateral Nongranulomatous Acute Anterior Uveitis Using Three-Dimensional 1060-nm Optical Coherence Tomography

      Mapping Retinal and Choroidal Thickness in Unilateral Nongranulomatous Acute Anterior Uveitis Using Three-Dimensional 1060-nm Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose : To analyze retinal thickness (RT) and choroidal thickness (ChT) changes in patients with unilateral nongranulomatous acute anterior uveitis (AAU) using three-dimensional (3D) 1060-nm optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods : Retinal and choroidal thickness maps were statistically analyzed for 24 patients with newly diagnosed unilateral AAU before therapy. A total of 17 patients were followed until resolution of inflammatory activity (twice in the first week, then weekly). Resolution occurred in all subjects within 6 weeks after the initial diagnosis. After resolution, thickness maps were again generated. All patients were imaged by high-speed spectral-domain (SD) 3D 1060-nm OCT over a 10 × 10-mm ...

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    2. Mapping diurnal changes in choroidal, Haller’s and Sattler’s layer thickness using 3-dimensional 1060-nm optical coherence tomography

      Mapping diurnal changes in choroidal, Haller’s and Sattler’s layer thickness using 3-dimensional 1060-nm optical coherence tomography

      Purpose To test the significance of diurnal changes in choroidal, Haller’s and Sattler’s layer thickness in healthy subjects using spatial analysis of three-dimensional (3D) 1060-nm optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans. Methods Automatically generated choroidal, Haller’s and Sattler’s layer thickness maps were statistically analyzed for 19 healthy subjects at two time points (8 a.m. and 6 p.m.) that represent the currently proposed ChT peak and nadir. All subjects were imaged by high-speed 1060-nm OCT over a 36° × 36° field of view. Spatial distribution of layer thickness was analyzed using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study ...

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    3. Comprehensive vascular imaging using optical coherence tomography-based angiography and photoacoustic tomography

      Comprehensive vascular imaging using optical coherence tomography-based angiography and photoacoustic tomography

      Studies have proven the relationship between cutaneous vasculature abnormalities and dermatological disorders, but to image vasculature noninvasively in vivo , advanced optical imaging techniques are required. In this study, we imaged a palm of a healthy volunteer and three subjects with cutaneous abnormalities with photoacoustic tomography (PAT) and optical coherence tomography with angiography extension (OCTA). Capillaries in the papillary dermis that are too small to be discerned with PAT are visualized with OCTA. From our results, we speculate that the PA signal from the palm is mostly from hemoglobin in capillaries rather than melanin, knowing that melanin concentration in volar skin ...

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    4. Combined multi-modal photoacoustic tomography, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography system with an articulated probe for in vivo human skin structure and vasculature imaging

      Combined multi-modal photoacoustic tomography, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography system with an articulated probe for in vivo human skin structure and vasculature imaging

      Cutaneous blood flow accounts for approximately 5% of cardiac output in human and plays a key role in a number of a physiological and pathological processes. We show for the first time a multi-modal photoacoustic tomography (PAT), optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography system with an articulated probe to extract human cutaneous vasculature in vivo in various skin regions. OCT angiography supplements the microvasculature which PAT alone is unable to provide. Co-registered volumes for vessel network is further embedded in the morphologic image provided by OCT. This multi-modal system is therefore demonstrated as a valuable tool for comprehensive non-invasive ...

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    5. In vivo dual-modality photoacoustic and optical coherence tomography imaging of human dermatological pathologies

      In vivo dual-modality photoacoustic and optical coherence tomography imaging of human dermatological pathologies

      Vascular abnormalities serve as a key indicator for many skin diseases. Currently available methods in dermatology such as histopathology and dermatoscopy analyze underlying vasculature in human skin but are either invasive, time-consuming, and laborious or incapable of providing 3D images. In this work, we applied for the first time dual-modality photoacoustic and optical coherence tomography that provides complementary information about tissue morphology and vasculature of patients with different types of dermatitis. Its noninvasiveness and relatively short imaging time and the wide range of diseases that it can detect prove the merits of the dual-modality imaging system and show the great ...

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    6. Speckle reduction process based on digital filtering and wavelet compounding in optical coherence tomography for dermatology

      Speckle reduction process based on digital filtering and wavelet compounding in optical coherence tomography for dermatology

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) has shown a great potential as a complementary imaging tool in the diagnosis of skin diseases. Speckle noise is the most prominent artifact present in OCT images and could limit the interpretation and detection capabilities. In this work we propose a new speckle reduction process and compare it with various denoising filters with high edge-preserving potential, using several sets of dermatological OCT B-scans. To validate the performance we used a custom-designed spectral domain OCT and two different data set groups. The first group consisted in five datasets of a single B-scan captured N times (with N ...

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    7. Dual modality optical coherence and whole-body photoacoustic tomography imaging of chick embryos in multiple development stages

      Dual modality optical coherence and whole-body photoacoustic tomography imaging of chick embryos in multiple development stages

      Chick embryos are an important animal model for biomedical studies. The visualization of chick embryos, however, is limited mostly to postmortem sectional imaging methods. In this work, we present a dual modality optical imaging system that combines swept-source optical coherence tomography and whole-body photoacoustic tomography, and apply it to image chick embryos at three different development stages. The explanted chick embryos were imaged in toto with complementary contrast from both optical scattering and optical absorption. The results serve as a prelude to the use of the dual modality system in longitudinal whole-body monitoring of chick embryos in ovo .

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    8. Choroidal Haller's and Sattler's Layer Thickness Measurement Using 3-Dimensional 1060-nm Optical Coherence Tomography

      Choroidal Haller's and Sattler's Layer Thickness Measurement Using 3-Dimensional 1060-nm Optical Coherence Tomography

      Objectives To examine the feasibility of automatically segmented choroidal vessels in three-dimensional (3D) 1060-nmOCT by testing repeatability in healthy and AMD eyes and by mapping Haller's and Sattler's layer thickness in healthy eyes Methods Fifty-five eyes (from 45 healthy subjects and 10 with non-neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) subjects) were imaged by 3D-1060-nmOCT over a 36°x36° field of view. Haller's and Sattler's layer were automatically segmented, mapped and averaged across the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study grid. For ten AMD eyes and ten healthy eyes, imaging was repeated within the same session and on another ...

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    9. Photonic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer with an on-chip reference arm for optical coherence tomography

      Photonic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer with an on-chip reference arm for optical coherence tomography

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive, three-dimensional imaging modality with several medical and industrial applications. Integrated photonics has the potential to enable mass production of OCT devices to significantly reduce size and cost, which can increase its use in established fields as well as enable new applications. Using silicon nitride (Si 3 N 4 ) and silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ) waveguides, we fabricated an integrated interferometer for spectrometer-based OCT. The integrated photonic circuit consists of four splitters and a 190 mm long reference arm with a foot-print of only 10 × 33 mm 2 . It is used as the core of ...

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    10. In vivo three dimensional dual wavelength photoacoustic tomography imaging of the far red fluorescent protein E2-Crimson expressed in adult zebrafish

      In vivo three dimensional dual wavelength photoacoustic tomography imaging of the far red fluorescent protein E2-Crimson expressed in adult zebrafish

      For the first time the far red fluorescent protein (FP) E2-Crimson genetically expressed in the exocrine pancreas of adult zebrafish has been non-invasively mapped in 3D in vivo using photoacoustic tomography (PAT). The distribution of E2-Crimson in the exocrine pancreas acquired by PAT was confirmed using epifluorescence imaging and histology, with optical coherence tomography (OCT) providing complementary structural information. This work demonstrates the depth advantage of PAT to resolve FP in an animal model and establishes the value of E2-Crimson for PAT studies of transgenic models, laying the foundation for future longitudinal studies of the zebrafish as a model of ...

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    1-10 of 10
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  2. Topics in the News

    1. (9 articles) Medical University of Vienna
    2. (4 articles) University College London
    3. (2 articles) Insight Photonic Solutions
    4. (1 articles) Bern University of Applied Sciences
    5. (1 articles) University of Pittsburgh
    6. (1 articles) Singapore Eye Research Institute
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    In vivo three dimensional dual wavelength photoacoustic tomography imaging of the far red fluorescent protein E2-Crimson expressed in adult zebrafish Photonic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer with an on-chip reference arm for optical coherence tomography Choroidal Haller's and Sattler's Layer Thickness Measurement Using 3-Dimensional 1060-nm Optical Coherence Tomography Dual modality optical coherence and whole-body photoacoustic tomography imaging of chick embryos in multiple development stages Speckle reduction process based on digital filtering and wavelet compounding in optical coherence tomography for dermatology In vivo dual-modality photoacoustic and optical coherence tomography imaging of human dermatological pathologies Combined multi-modal photoacoustic tomography, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography system with an articulated probe for in vivo human skin structure and vasculature imaging Comprehensive vascular imaging using optical coherence tomography-based angiography and photoacoustic tomography Mapping diurnal changes in choroidal, Haller’s and Sattler’s layer thickness using 3-dimensional 1060-nm optical coherence tomography Mapping Retinal and Choroidal Thickness in Unilateral Nongranulomatous Acute Anterior Uveitis Using Three-Dimensional 1060-nm Optical Coherence Tomography The truth about invisible posterior vitreous structures Increased Macrophage-like Cell Density in Retinal Vein Occlusion as Characterized by en Face Optical Coherence Tomography