1. Articles from H. Zimmermann

    1-2 of 2
    1. Neuromyelitis optica and multiple sclerosis: Seeing differences through optical coherence tomography

      Neuromyelitis optica and multiple sclerosis: Seeing differences through optical coherence tomography

      Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that preferentially targets the optic nerves and spinal cord. The clinical presentation may suggest multiple sclerosis (MS), but a highly specific serum autoantibody against the astrocytic water channel aquaporin-4 present in up to 80% of NMO patients enables distinction from MS. Optic neuritis may occur in either condition resulting in neuro-anatomical retinal changes. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become a useful tool for analyzing retinal damage both in MS and NMO. Numerous studies showed that optic neuritis in NMO typically results in more severe retinal nerve fiber ...

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    2. Optical coherence tomography does not support optic nerve involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

      Optical coherence tomography does not support optic nerve involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

      Background and purpose In recent years a possible non-motor involvement of the nervous system in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has come into the focus of research and has been investigated by numerous techniques. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) – with its potential to reveal neuroaxonal retinal damage – may be an appropriate tool to investigate whether the anterior visual pathway is involved. Our aim was to determine whether OCT-based measures of retinal nerve fiber layer, ganglion cell layer, inner nuclear layer and outer nuclear layer thickness are abnormal in ALS, or correlated with disease severity. Methods Seventy-six ALS patients (144 eyes) and 54 ...

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    1-2 of 2
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    1. (2 articles) Johns Hopkins University
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