1. Articles from Yoshihiro Morino

    1-19 of 19
    1. Cut-off value of strut-vessel distance for the resolution of acute incomplete stent apposition in the early phase using serial optical coherence tomography after cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent implantation

      Cut-off value of strut-vessel distance for the resolution of acute incomplete stent apposition in the early phase using serial optical coherence tomography after cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent implantation

      Objective The purpose of this study was to identify a cut-off value to predict the resolution of incomplete-stent-apposition (ISA) after cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent (CoCr-EES) implantation at early follow-up. Background To date, appropriate stent apposition at the acute period using intracoronary imaging has been recommended because persistent ISA is considered to be a risk factor for stent thrombosis. We examined the indices for resolving acute ISA. In particular, we determined the cut-off value for strut vessel distance (SV-distance) as visualized by optical coherence tomography (OCT) at 8 months after CoCr-EES implantation. However, the cut-off value of SV-distance for the earlier resolution ...

      Read Full Article
    2. Early and mid-term vascular responses to optical coherence tomography guided everolimus-eluting stent implantation in stable coronary artery disease

      Early and mid-term vascular responses to optical coherence tomography guided everolimus-eluting stent implantation in stable coronary artery disease

      Background Analysis of pooled clinical data has shown the safety of 3 months of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with everolimus-eluting cobalt–chromium stents (Co-Cr EESs). This study evaluated early and mid-term vascular responses to Co-Cr EESs in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods The MECHANISM-Elective trial (NCT02014818) is a multicenter optical coherence tomography (OCT) registry. Enrolled patients were evaluated by OCT immediately after EES implantation (post), were prospectively allocated to either 1 month (n = 50) or 3 months (n = 50) OCT follow-up, and then received a 12 months OCT evaluation. The incidences of intrastent thrombus (IS-Th) and irregular ...

      Read Full Article
    3. Comparison between Optical COherence tomography guidance and Angiography guidance in percutaneous coronary intervention (COCOA): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

      Comparison between Optical COherence tomography guidance and Angiography guidance in percutaneous coronary intervention (COCOA): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

      Background Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is increasingly used as an adjunct to coronary angiography for guiding percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The current consensus on PCI is that the large final stent area offers the best chance of a good late clinical outcome. Since OCT provides more accurate information about the coronary artery and implanted stents, OCT-guided stent implantation is expected to achieve greater stent expansion than angiography guidance alone. Therefore, we designed the COCOA (Comparison between Optical COherence tomography guidance and Angiography guidance in percutaneous coronary intervention) study to evaluate whether OCT-guided stent implantation would result in a minimum stent ...

      Read Full Article
    4. Early vascular responses to everolimus-eluting cobalt–chromium stent in the culprit lesions of st-elevation myocardial infarction: results from a multicenter prospective optical coherence tomography study (MECHANISM-AMI 2-week follow-up study)

      Early vascular responses to everolimus-eluting cobalt–chromium stent in the culprit lesions of st-elevation myocardial infarction: results from a multicenter prospective optical coherence tomography study (MECHANISM-AMI 2-week follow-up study)

      The use of cobalt–chromium everolimus-eluting stents (CoCr-EES) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) reduces the incidence of stent thrombosis compared with bare metal stents, and a substantial difference is apparent in the initial 2 weeks. However, vascular behavior during this early period remains unclear. This was a prospective study (MECHANISM-AMI-2W) to investigate early vascular responses in STEMI patients immediately after CoCr-EES implantation and at 2-week follow-up using frequency domain-optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). The study enrolled 52 patients (age 63.7 ± 11.7 years, male 85.0%), of whom 44 patients were available for complete serial FD-OCT analyses. Both % uncovered ...

      Read Full Article
    5. Optical Frequency Domain Imaging Versus Intravascular Ultrasound in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (OPINION Trial) : Results From the OPINION Imaging Study

      Optical Frequency Domain Imaging Versus Intravascular Ultrasound in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (OPINION Trial) : Results From the OPINION Imaging Study

      Objectives We sought to clarify how intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography affect percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with current-generation drug-eluting stents in a pre-specified substudy of the OPINION (OPtical frequency domain imaging versus INtravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary interventiON) trial, a multicenter, prospective, randomized, noninferiority trial comparing optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI)-guided PCI with IVUS-guided PCI. Background The impact of these 2 imaging modalities in guiding PCI remains unknown. Methods Of 829 patients enrolled in the OPINION trial, 106 were included in the present imaging substudy. Their PCI was guided by either IVUS or OFDI, but all patients ...

      Read Full Article
    6. Coronary risk factors associated with OCT macrophage images and their response after CoCr everolimus-eluting stent implantation in patients with stable coronary artery disease

      Coronary risk factors associated with OCT macrophage images and their response after CoCr everolimus-eluting stent implantation in patients with stable coronary artery disease

      Background and aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the accumulation of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-macrophages and OCT findings after CoCr everolimus-eluting stent placement, in addition to coronary risk factors. Methods A total of 89 lesions in 89 patients were registered in the 1- and 3-month cohort of the multi-centre study. Lesion characteristics and post-procedure OCT images were evaluated immediately and 1 and 3 months after stenting. Patients were divided into low and high macrophage grade groups based on the median macrophage grade. Results Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, HbA1c and blood ...

      Read Full Article
    7. Optical frequency domain imaging vs. intravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary intervention (OPINION trial): one-year angiographic and clinical results

      Optical frequency domain imaging vs. intravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary intervention (OPINION trial): one-year angiographic and clinical results

      Aims Optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) is a recently developed, light-based, high-resolution intravascular imaging technique. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a widely used, conventional imaging technique for guiding percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We aimed to demonstrate the non-inferiority of OFDI-guided PCI compared with IVUS-guided PCI in terms of clinical outcomes. Methods and results We did a prospective, multicentre, randomized (ratio 1:1), active-controlled, non-inferiority study to compare head-to-head OFDI vs. IVUS in patients undergoing PCI with a second generation drug-eluting stent. The primary endpoint was target vessel failure defined as a composite of cardiac death, target-vessel related myocardial infarction, and ischaemia-driven ...

      Read Full Article
    8. Two-year vascular responses to drug-eluting stents with biodegradable polymer versus durable polymer: An optical coherence tomography sub-study of the NEXT

      Two-year vascular responses to drug-eluting stents with biodegradable polymer versus durable polymer: An optical coherence tomography sub-study of the NEXT

      Background This study aimed to compare very late vascular response after stent implantation between everolimus-eluting stent (EES) with a thin, non-adhesive, durable, biocompatible fluorinated polymer and biolimus-eluting stent (BES) with a biodegradable polymer by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and results In the NOBORI-BES Versus XIENCE V/PROMUS-EES Trial (NEXT), a formal OCT substudy investigated 48 patients (27 EES-treated lesions in 23 patients and 28 BES-treated lesions in 25 patients) with 2-year (18–30 months) follow-up imaging at 18 centers. The percentage of uncovered strut by neointima was significantly lower in EES compared with BES (2.1 ± 4.7% vs ...

      Read Full Article
    9. Distribution characteristics of coronary calcification and its substantial impact on stent expansion: an optical coherence tomography study

      Distribution characteristics of coronary calcification and its substantial impact on stent expansion: an optical coherence tomography study

      According to previous studies, the presence of coronary calcification was associated with worse clinical outcomes due to plaque fracture after angioplasty and stent underexpansion. It remained the biggest issue even after the emergence of drug-eluting stents (DES). Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) played an important role in the evaluation of coronary calcification during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, due to limited resolution and inevitable artefacts such as acoustic shadowing and side lobes, only the arc or the “approximate” degree of superficiality of coronary calcifications could be assessed. Currently, optical coherence tomography (OCT), another intravascular imaging technique with a higher spatial resolution, has ...

      Read Full Article
    10. Optical frequency domain imaging vs. intravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary intervention (OPINION trial): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

      Optical frequency domain imaging vs. intravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary intervention (OPINION trial): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

      Background Optical coherence tomography is becoming increasingly widespread as an adjunctive intravascular diagnostic technique in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), because of its ability to visualize coronary structures at high resolution. Several studies have reported that intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance in PCI might be helpful to reduce subsequent stent thrombosis, restenosis, repeat revascularization, myocardial infarction, and cardiac death. The OPtical frequency domain imaging vs. INtravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary InterventiON (OPINION) trial is aimed at evaluating the impact of optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) guidance in PCI on clinical outcomes compared with IVUS guidance. Methods and design The OPINION trial is ...

      Read Full Article
    11. Comparison of neointimal coverage between everolimus-eluting stents and sirolimus-eluting stents: an optical coherence tomography substudy of the RESET (Randomized Evaluation of Sirolimus-eluting versus Everolimus-eluting stent Trial)

      Comparison of neointimal coverage between everolimus-eluting stents and sirolimus-eluting stents: an optical coherence tomography substudy of the RESET (Randomized Evaluation of Sirolimus-eluting versus Everolimus-eluting stent Trial)

      Aims: The aim of the present study was to compare vascular healing response between the first-generation sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) and the second-generation everolimus-eluting stent (EES) by using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and results: The RESET was a prospective, multicentre, randomised, open-label trial comparing EES and SES. Of the 3,197 patients enrolled in the RESET, nine-month follow-up OCT after stent implantation was performed in 100 patients (48 EES-treated lesions in 44 patients and 62 SES-treated lesions in 56 patients), thus constituting the OCT substudy population. The percentage of uncovered struts per lesion (8±15% vs. 14±19%, p=0 ...

      Read Full Article
    12. Evaluation of Coronary Arterial Calcification - Ex-vivo Assessment by Optical Frequency Domain Imaging

      Evaluation of Coronary Arterial Calcification - Ex-vivo Assessment by Optical Frequency Domain Imaging

      Aims The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic ability of optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) to carry out quantitative and qualitative evaluation of coronary calcification in comparing with ex vivo human autopsy heart specimens. Methods Analysis was carried out in 25 coronary artery specimen obtained from 16 cadavers that were imaged ex-vivo imaging by OFDI and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Of 235 cross-sections obtained for histologic evaluation, 149 were classified as showing calcified plaques, and in this group a comparison between histology versus co-registered images by OFDI and IVUS was performed. Results Maximum thickness of calcification measured by ...

      Read Full Article
    13. Early Phase Arterial Reaction Following Drug-Eluting and Bare-Metal Stent Implantation in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment at 2 Weeks

      Early Phase Arterial Reaction Following Drug-Eluting and Bare-Metal Stent Implantation in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment at 2 Weeks

      The early phase arterial reaction after implantation of second-generation drug-eluting stents (2nd DES) and baremetal stents (BMS) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains unclear. The MECHANISM pilot study is a multi-center prospective registry that enrolled 24 STEMI patients (from 11 centers) who had undergone implantation of everolimus-eluting ( n = 6), biolimus A9-eluting ( n = 6) or zotarolimus-eluting stents ( n = 6), or BMS ( n = 6). Scheduled optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed 2 weeks after implantation, and images were independently analyzed at a core laboratory in a blinded fashion. Intra-stent thrombus was quantitatively analyzed in terms of the maximal area ...

      Read Full Article
    14. Clinical and pathological characteristics of homogeneous and nonhomogeneous tissue of in-stent restenosis visualized by optical coherence tomography

      Clinical and pathological characteristics of homogeneous and nonhomogeneous tissue of in-stent restenosis visualized by optical coherence tomography

      Background: Although it is known that in-stent restenosis (ISR) patterns appear homogeneous or nonhomogeneous by optical coherence tomography (OCT), interpretations of the ISR inflammatory response, of the OCT image, and its pathological implications are unclear. The aim of this study was to use OCT to characterize ISR and its inflammatory index in patients after coronary stenting. Methods: OCT was performed at follow-up in 100 angiographic ISR lesions. ISR lesions were divided into two groups: (a) homogeneous (n=48) and (b) nonhomogeneous (n=52) image groups. We assessed the ISR images produced by OCT for tissue heterogeneity and neo-intimal hyperplasia using ...

      Read Full Article
    15. Outcomes of everolimus-eluting stent incomplete stent apposition: a serial optical coherence tomography analysis

      Outcomes of everolimus-eluting stent incomplete stent apposition: a serial optical coherence tomography analysis

      Aim The aim of the present study was to evaluate the natural course of acute incomplete stent apposition (ISA) after second-generation everolimus-eluting stent (EES) when compared with first-generation sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) by using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and results From the OCT substudy of the RESET trial, we identified 77 patients (EES = 38 and SES = 39) who successfully underwent serial OCT examination at post-stenting and 8–12-month follow-up. The presence of ISA was assessed in the OCT images, and ISA distance was measured from the centre of the strut blooming to the adjacent lumen border. Incomplete stent apposition was ...

      Read Full Article
    16. Vascular Response to Drug-Eluting Stent With Biodegradable vs. Durable Polymer

      Vascular Response to Drug-Eluting Stent With Biodegradable vs. Durable Polymer

      Background: The aim of the present study was to compare vascular healing response between everolimus-eluting stent (EES) and biolimus-eluting stent (BES) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and Results: In the NOBORI Biolimus-Eluting Versus XIENCE V/PROMUS Everolimus-Eluting Stent Trial (NEXT), a formal OCT substudy investigated 91 patients (55 EES-treated lesions in 48 patients and 51 BES-treated lesions in 43 patients) with 8–12 months follow-up imaging at 18 centers. A total of 980 frames with 8,996 struts in EES and 907 frames with 8,745 struts in BES were analyzed. Mean neointima thickness in EES and BES was ...

      Read Full Article
    17. A unique stenosis in saphenous vein graft visualized by optical coherence tomography

      A unique stenosis in saphenous vein graft visualized by optical coherence tomography

      We present a case of a unique stenosis in a 12-year-old saphenous vein graft (SVG), to the right coronary artery, which was visualized by optical coherence tomography (OCT), before percutaneous coronary intervention. The patient was an 80-year-old man in whom the stenosis was documented by area-detector coronary computed tomography. OCT imaging demonstrated that the culprit lesion was a venous valve containing a thrombus before preintervention imaging. Coronary stenting was performed with a distal protection device, and pathologic examination of the aspirate verified the OCT findings. Coronary angiography 12 years previously, just after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), had shown a ...

      Read Full Article
    18. Very late stent thrombosis after paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation with full neointimal tissue coverage visualized by optical coherence tomography

      Very late stent thrombosis after paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation with full neointimal tissue coverage visualized by optical coherence tomography

      We present findings of a very late stent thrombosis (VLST) involving paclitaxel-eluting stents (PESs) that were fully covered by thin neointima, visualized by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in a patient receiving dual antiplatelet therapy. A 69-year-old Japanese man had been treated with 2 overlapping PESs for chronic coronary artery disease in the proximal right coronary artery. A follow-up coronary computed tomography angiography showed no restenosis in the stent site, and the result of stress myocardial perfusion imaging showed no ischemic changes. Seventeen months after the percutaneous coronary intervention, he was transported to our clinic with a diagnosis of acute myocardial ...

      Read Full Article
    1-19 of 19
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks
  2. Topics in the News

    1. (12 articles) Toshiro Shinke
    2. (9 articles) Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine
    3. (9 articles) Takashi Kubo
    4. (8 articles) Iwate Medical University
    5. (8 articles) Hiromasa Otake
    6. (8 articles) Takashi Akasaka
    7. (6 articles) Wakayama Medical University
    8. (6 articles) Yasushi Ino
    9. (6 articles) Tomonori Itoh
    10. (5 articles) Junya Shite
    11. (2 articles) FDA
    12. (1 articles) California Institute of Technology
    13. (1 articles) National Institutes of Health
    14. (1 articles) UC Irvine
    15. (1 articles) Brian K. Courtney
    16. (1 articles) Conavi Medical Inc.
  3. Popular Articles

  4. Picture Gallery

    Very late stent thrombosis after paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation with full neointimal tissue coverage visualized by optical coherence tomography A unique stenosis in saphenous vein graft visualized by optical coherence tomography Vascular Response to Drug-Eluting Stent With Biodegradable vs. Durable Polymer Outcomes of everolimus-eluting stent incomplete stent apposition: a serial optical coherence tomography analysis A honeycomb-like structure in the right coronary artery visualized by three-dimensional optical coherence tomography Early Phase Arterial Reaction Following Drug-Eluting and Bare-Metal Stent Implantation in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment at 2 Weeks Evaluation of Coronary Arterial Calcification - Ex-vivo Assessment by Optical Frequency Domain Imaging Comparison of neointimal coverage between everolimus-eluting stents and sirolimus-eluting stents: an optical coherence tomography substudy of the RESET (Randomized Evaluation of Sirolimus-eluting versus Everolimus-eluting stent Trial) Optical frequency domain imaging vs. intravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary intervention (OPINION trial): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial Optical frequency domain imaging vs. intravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary intervention (OPINION trial): one-year angiographic and clinical results Beating Cancer - One Patient at a Time Conavi Medical and Japan Lifeline Announce MHLW Approval of Novasight Hybrid Intravascular Imaging System for Japanese Market