Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Reveals Depth-Resolved Dynamics during Functional Brain Activation
Optical intrinsic signal imaging (OISI) provides two-dimensional, depth-integrated activation maps of brain activity. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides depth-resolved, cross-sectional images of functional brain activation. Co-registered OCT and OISI imaging was performed simultaneously on the rat somatosensory cortex through a thinned skull during forepaw electrical stimulation. Fractional signal change measurements made by OCT revealed a functional signal that correlates well with that of the intrinsic hemodynamic signals and provides depth-resolved, layer-specific dynamics in the functional activation patterns indicating retrograde vessel dilation. OCT is a promising a new technology which provides complementary information to OISI for functional neuroimaging.