1. Articles from Azhar Zam

    1-14 of 14
    1. Long-range optical coherence tomography with extended depth-of-focus: a visual feedback system for smart laser osteotomy

      Long-range optical coherence tomography with extended depth-of-focus: a visual feedback system for smart laser osteotomy

      This work presents a long-range and extended depth-of-focus optical coherence tomography (OCT) system using a Bessel-like beam (BLB) as a visual feedback system during laser osteotomy. We used a swept-source OCT system ( λ c  = 1310 nm) with an imaging range of 26.2 mm in the air, integrated with a high energy microsecond Er:YAG laser operating at 2.94 µm. We demonstrated that the self-healing characteristics of the BLB could reduce the imaging artifacts that may arise during real-time monitoring of laser ablation. Furthermore, the feasibility of using long-range OCT to monitor a deep laser-induced incision is demonstrated.

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    2. Nano-sensitive fourier-domain optical coherence tomography inspection system

      Nano-sensitive fourier-domain optical coherence tomography inspection system

      An OCT imaging system (100) comprising a radiation emitter (SLD), a radiation receiver CCD), an interferometer (FC, PC, X-Scan, Y-Scan), a controller (COMP) which controls the emitter and processes received radiation data according to OCT to provide an output image. The controller (COMP) forms a spectrum of spatial frequencies along the depth direction. It calculates from the spectrum local spectra of spatial frequencies or periods along the depth direction for individual volume elements along the depth direction. It translates the local spectra of spatial frequencies or periods along the depth direction into the OCT image domain. It maps the local ...

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    3. Ph.D. Student Position in Optical Coherence Tomography at University of Basel in Switzerland

      Ph.D. Student Position in Optical Coherence Tomography at University of Basel in Switzerland

      The Department of Biomedical Engineering (DBE) has recently been awarded a Flagship project from the Werner Siemens Foundation (Zug/Switzerland). The principal aim of this interdisciplinary project called Minimally Invasive Robot Assisted Computer-guided LaserosteotomE (MIRACLE) is the development of a minimally invasive robotic endoscope for cutting bone with laser light. The successful PhD candidate will be part of an interdisciplinary team of biomedical engineers, mechatronics engineers, computer scientists, physicists, and medical doctors. He or she will be able to contribute to the development of a disruptive technology in robotic surgery. Topic Description In this project, the Ph.D. candidate will ...

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      Mentions: Siemens
    4. Measuring intracellular motion in cancer cell using optical coherence tomography

      Measuring intracellular motion in cancer cell using optical coherence tomography

      In this study, we demonstrate that OCT speckle decorrelation techniques can be used to probe intracellular motion in cancer cells. Spheroids and cell pellets were used as a model to probe intracellular motion. ZnCl 2 was used to inhibit mitochondrial motion within the cells. The results reveal the changes in intracellular motion during the spheroid growth phase. Moreover, to modify the motion of mitochondria, cell pellet were exposed to ZnCl 2 , and agent known to o impair cellular energy production through inhibition of mitochondrial function. The speckle decorrelation time during the growth phase of spheroids decreased by 35 ms over ...

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    5. In vivo wide-field multispectral scanning laser ophthalmoscopy–optical coherence tomography mouse retinal imager: longitudinal imaging of ganglion cells, microglia, and Müller glia, and mapping of the mouse retinal and choroidal vasculature

      In vivo wide-field multispectral scanning laser ophthalmoscopy–optical coherence tomography mouse retinal imager: longitudinal imaging of ganglion cells, microglia, and Müller glia, and mapping of the mouse retinal and choroidal vasculature

      Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) provide complementary views of the retina, with the former collecting fluorescence data with good lateral but relatively low-axial resolution, and the latter collecting label-free backscattering data with comparable lateral but much higher axial resolution. To take maximal advantage of the information of both modalities in mouse retinal imaging, we have constructed a compact, four-channel, wide-field ( ∼ 50     deg ) system that simultaneously acquires and automatically coregisters three channels of confocal SLO and Fourier domain OCT data. The scanner control system allows “zoomed” imaging of a region of interest identified in a wide-field image ...

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    6. A NANO-SENSITIVE FOURIER-DOMAIN Optical Coherence Tomography Inspection System

      A NANO-SENSITIVE FOURIER-DOMAIN Optical Coherence Tomography Inspection System

      ntroduction The invention relates to inspection of a variety of objects, including body tissue (also in vivo), cell cultures, materials for material science, and micro and nano electronics components, for example. Most of the fundamental pathological processes in living tissues, including cancer, exhibit changes at the nanoscale level. Recently the diffraction resolution limit has been broken and optical nanoscale microscopy has led to creation of nanoscopic medicine. However, nanoscopy largely requires labelling, is limited to superficial 2D imaging, and is not in general suitable for in vivo applications. Furthermore, it is currently believed that in many cases 2D biology does ...

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    7. Progress on developing wavefront sensorless adaptive optics optical coherence tomography for in vivo retinal imaging in mice

      Progress on developing wavefront sensorless adaptive optics optical coherence tomography for in vivo retinal imaging in mice

      We present a new design for a wavefront sensorless adaptive optics (WS-AO) Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) system for small animal retinal imaging in vivo. Without the optical complications necessary for inclusion of a wavefront sensor in the optical system, this version of WS-AO FD-OCT system has a simplified optical design, including elimination of long focal length scanning optics and optical conjugation of vertical and horizontal scanners. This modification provides a modular large Field of View for retinal screening (25 degree visual angle), while also allowing a “zoom” capability for allocating all the scanning resources to a smaller region ...

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    8. Multispectral scanning laser ophthalmoscopy combined with optical coherence tomography for simultaneous in vivo mouse retinal imaging

      Multispectral scanning laser ophthalmoscopy combined with optical coherence tomography for simultaneous in vivo mouse retinal imaging

      A compact, non-invasive multi-modal system has been developed for in vivo mouse retina imaging. It is configured for simultaneously detecting green and red fluorescent protein signals with scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) back-scattered light from the SLO illumination beam, and depth information about different retinal layers by means of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Simultaneous assessment of retinal characteristics with different modalities can provide a wealth of information about the structural and functional changes in the retinal neural tissue and chorio-retinal vasculature in vivo. Additionally, simultaneous acquisition of multiple channels facilitates analysis of the data of different modalities by automatic temporal and ...

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      Mentions: UC Davis
    9. Evaluation of OCT for quantitative in-vivo measurements of changes in neural tissue scattering in longitudinal studies of retinal degeneration in mice

      Evaluation of OCT for quantitative in-vivo measurements of changes in neural tissue scattering in longitudinal studies of retinal degeneration in mice

      Optical coherence tomography is an imaging modality that is broadly used in ophthalmic diagnostics. The current generation of OCT systems enables reliable acquisition of volumetric scans containing information about the thicknesses of the various retinal layers. Thus, monitoring layer thickness changes is the main quantitative analysis performed by commercial instruments. In principle, measurements of the OCT signal intensity could also provide information on the health status of the retinal tissue. Unfortunately quantitative measurements and interpretation of scattering changes in retinal OCT is very limited due to variation in overall brightness of the OCT B-scans between imaging sessions. These changes might ...

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      Mentions: UCSD
    10. Nano-sensitive optical coherence tomography (nsOCT) for depth resolved characterization of 3D submicron structure

      Nano-sensitive optical coherence tomography (nsOCT) for depth resolved characterization of 3D submicron structure

      Nowadays optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a rapidly developing technique with various applications, including biomedical imaging and diagnosis. One of the main shortcomings of current OCT techniques is low resolution and sensitivity to structural changes (typically about 10 microns). The best ultra-high resolution OCT techniques demonstrate sensitivity to structural changes and depth resolution of about 1 micron. Since many applications of interest (such as cancer) depend on structural changes at the nanoscale, OCT would definitely benefit from improved structural resolution and sensitivity. A new spectral encoding of spatial frequency (SESF) approach for quantitative characterization of the structure with nanoscale sensitivity ...

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    11. Nano-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Nano-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Depth resolved label-free detection of structural changes with nanoscale sensitivity is an outstanding problem in the biological and physical sciences and has significant applications in both the fundamental research and healthcare diagnostics arenas. Here we experimentally demonstrate a novel label-free depth resolved sensing technique based on optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect structural changes at the nanoscale. Structural components of the 3D object, spectrally encoded in the remitted light, are transformed from the Fourier domain into each voxel of the 3D OCT image without compromising sensitivity. Spatial distribution of the nanoscale structural changes in the depth direction is visualized in ...

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    12. Feature Of The Week 5/19/13: Using Optical Coherence Tomography For Anti-Spoof Fingerprint Detection

      Feature Of The Week 5/19/13: Using Optical Coherence Tomography For Anti-Spoof Fingerprint Detection

      Fingerprint biometrics, including automated fingerprint identification systems (AFIS), currently occupy two-thirds of the biometric market and are expected to remain the dominant player in this area. The technology can be integrated into small, compact devices and the instruments are relatively fast. However, the overall success of using fingerprints for identification and verification purposes greatly depends upon the quality of the fingerprints initially enrolled. For example, fingerprints captured from older people are significantly lower quality than those from younger people due primarily to ridge-wearing and difficulty of interacting effectively with conventional fingerprint scanners. The ramification is that the problem of obtaining ...

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    13. Feasibility of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmOCT) for anti-spoof sub-surface fingerprinting

      Feasibility of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmOCT) for anti-spoof sub-surface fingerprinting

      We propose the use of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmOCT) to deliver additional biometrics associated with the finger that could complement existing fingerprint technology for law enforcement applications. The current study extends the existing fingerprint paradigm by measuring additional biometrics associated with sub-surface finger tissue such as sub-surface fingerprints, sweat glands, and the pattern of the capillary bed to yield a user-friendly cost effective and anti-spoof multi-mode biometric solution associated with the finger. To our knowledge no other method has been able to capture sub-surface fingerprint, papillary pattern and horizontal vessel pattern in a single scan or to show ...

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    14. In vivo microcirculation imaging of the sub surface fingertip using correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmOCT)

      In vivo microcirculation imaging of the sub surface fingertip using correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmOCT)

      We describe a novel application of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmOCT) for sub-surface fingerprint biometric identification. Fingerprint biometrics including automated fingerprint identification systems, are commonly used to recognise the fingerprint, since they constitute simple, effective and valuable physical evidence. Spoofing of biometric fingerprint devices can be easily done because of the limited information obtained from the surface topography. In order to overcome this limitation a potentially more secure source of information is required for biometric identification applications. In this study, we retrieve the microcirculation map of the subsurface fingertip by use of the cmOCT technique. To increase probing depth ...

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    1-14 of 14
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  2. Topics in the News

    1. (6 articles) National University of Ireland, Galway
    2. (3 articles) University of Houston
    3. (3 articles) UC Davis
    4. (2 articles) Simon Fraser University
    5. (2 articles) Thorlabs
    6. (2 articles) Duke University
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    In vivo microcirculation imaging of the sub surface fingertip using correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmOCT) Feasibility of correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmOCT) for anti-spoof sub-surface fingerprinting Feature Of The Week 5/19/13: Using Optical Coherence Tomography For Anti-Spoof Fingerprint Detection Nano-sensitive optical coherence tomography Nano-sensitive optical coherence tomography (nsOCT) for depth resolved characterization of 3D submicron structure Evaluation of OCT for quantitative in-vivo measurements of changes in neural tissue scattering in longitudinal studies of retinal degeneration in mice Multispectral scanning laser ophthalmoscopy combined with optical coherence tomography for simultaneous in vivo mouse retinal imaging Progress on developing wavefront sensorless adaptive optics optical coherence tomography for in vivo retinal imaging in mice A NANO-SENSITIVE FOURIER-DOMAIN Optical Coherence Tomography Inspection System Ph.D. Student Position in Optical Coherence Tomography at University of Basel in Switzerland Repeatability of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Measurements in Patients with Retinal Vein Occlusion Retinal Vascularization Analysis on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography before and after Intraretinal or Subretinal Fluid Resorption in Exudative Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Pilot Study