1. Articles from Massimo Fineschi

    1-13 of 13
    1. Clinical outcomes of calcified nodules detected by optical coherence tomography

      Clinical outcomes of calcified nodules detected by optical coherence tomography

      Aims: The goal of the present post hoc analysis of the CLIMA registry was to establish the relationship between calcified nodules (CNs) with (CND) or without (CNWD) disruption of the superficial intimal fibrous layer and one-year occurrence of target lesion myocardial infarction (MI) and/or cardiac death. Methods and results: CND and CNWD were identified based on the presence or absence of superficial irregularities indicative of disruption of the intimal fibrous layer, with possible overlying local thrombus. In total, 222 CNs were found in the 1,776 non-culprit LAD plaques. CND had larger maximum calcific arc and smaller lumen area ...

      Read Full Article
    2. Prevalence and quantitative assessment of macrophages in coronary plaques

      Prevalence and quantitative assessment of macrophages in coronary plaques

      Although optical coherence tomography (OCT) proved to be able to identify macrophage clusters, there are no available data on the possibility to obtain reproducible measurements of their circumferential extension and location. The purpose of the present post-hoc analysis of the CLIMA study was to revise the clinical and demographic variables of patients having coronary plaques with macrophages and to investigate the reproducibility of their quantitative assessment. A total of 577 patients out of 1003 undergoing OCT showed macrophage accumulation. Three groups were identified; group 1 (426 patients) without macrophages, group 2 (296) patients with low macrophage content (less than median ...

      Read Full Article
    3. Comparison between different approaches to evaluate fibrous cap thickness in sequential OCT studies

      Comparison between different approaches to evaluate fibrous cap thickness in sequential OCT studies

      BACKGROUND: In this in vivo human study we tested the reproducibility for optical coherence tomography (OCT) assessment of lumen area (LA) and plaque components measurements, such as lipid arc extension and fibrous cap thickness (FCt). METHODS: We tested the variability of LA, lipid arc and FCt assessments in two repeated OCT pullbacks from the same diseased coronary segment matched using fiduciary anatomical landmarks. In particular, for the reliability of minimal FCt measurement we compared four different approaches based on continuous (longitudinal) or segmental (spot) individuation of smaller thickness: 1) comparison of single minimal FCt individuated alongside all plaque extension in ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: Francesco Prati
    4. Relationship between coronary plaque morphology of the left anterior descending artery and 12 months clinical outcome: the CLIMA study

      Relationship between coronary plaque morphology of the left anterior descending artery and 12 months clinical outcome: the CLIMA study

      Aims The CLIMA study, on the relationship between c oronary p l aque morphology of the left anter i or descending artery and twelve m onths clinic a l outcome, was designed to explore the predictive value of multiple high-risk plaque features in the same coronary lesion [minimum lumen area (MLA), fibrous cap thickness (FCT), lipid arc circumferential extension, and presence of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-defined macrophages] as detected by OCT. Composite of cardiac death and target segment myocardial infarction was the primary clinical endpoint. Methods and results From January 2013 to December 2016, 1003 patients undergoing OCT evaluation ...

      Read Full Article
    5. Role of optical coherence tomography in identifying sub-optimal stent positioning and predicting major adverse cardiac events in a comparative study with angiography: a CLIO-OPCI II sub-study

      Role of optical coherence tomography in identifying sub-optimal stent positioning and predicting major adverse cardiac events in a comparative study with angiography: a CLIO-OPCI II sub-study

      Background Quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) is the gold standard for evaluating correct stenting, despite its limitation in recognizing features indicative of suboptimal deployment. This subanalysis of the CLI-OPCI II registry addressed the role of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to verify whether suboptimal OCT deployment occurs in the presence of an optimal angiographic result. Patients and methods We retrospectively analyzed 125 lesions in the 105 patients with major adverse cardiac events of the CLI-OPCI II . Every lesion was evaluated with OCT and angiography , including visual and QCA assessment. Optimal angiographic result was defined as residual stenosis of less than 30% at ...

      Read Full Article
    6. Long-term consequences of optical coherence tomography findings during percutaneous coronary intervention: the centro per la lotta contro l\'infarto - optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention (cli-opci) late study

      Long-term consequences of optical coherence tomography findings during percutaneous coronary intervention: the centro per la lotta contro l\'infarto - optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention (cli-opci) late study

      Aims: The role of intra-procedural Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) on long-term clinical outcome of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) remains undefined. Methods and results: In the context of the multicenter Centro per la Lotta contro l’Infarto-Optimisation of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CLI-OPCI) registry, we compared long-term PCI outcome of 1211 patients from 13 independent OCT-experienced centers according to end-procedural OCT findings. OCT assessment revealed suboptimal stent implantation in 30.9% of lesions, with increased prevalence in patients experiencing device-oriented cardiovascular events (DoCE) (52.8% vs. 28.0%, p<0.001). At median follow-up of 833 (quartiles 415-1447) days, in-stent minimum lumen ...

      Read Full Article
    7. Long-tem consequences of optical coherence tomography findings during percutaneous coronary intervention: the centro per la lotta contro l\'infarto - optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention (cli-opci) late study

      Long-tem consequences of optical coherence tomography findings during percutaneous coronary intervention: the centro per la lotta contro l\'infarto - optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention (cli-opci) late study

      Aims: The role of intra-procedural Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) on long-term clinical outcome of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) remains undefined. Methods and results: In the context of the multicenter Centro per la Lotta contro l’Infarto-Optimisation of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CLI-OPCI) registry, we compared long-term PCI outcome of 1211 patients from 13 independent OCT-experienced centers according to end-procedural OCT findings. OCT assessment revealed suboptimal stent implantation in 30.9% of lesions, with increased prevalence in patients experiencing device-oriented cardiovascular events (DoCE) (52.8% vs. 28.0%, p<0.001). At median follow-up of 833 (quartiles 415-1447) days, in-stent minimum lumen ...

      Read Full Article
    8. Optical coherence tomography compared with fractional flow reserve guided approach in acute coronary syndromes: A propensity matched analysis

      Optical coherence tomography compared with fractional flow reserve guided approach in acute coronary syndromes: A propensity matched analysis

      Aim To compare in patients with ACS (Acute Coronary Syndromes) a PCI (Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) approach based on FFR (Fractional Flow Reserve) vs. one based on OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography). Methods and Results Consecutive patients admitted for ACS and treated with a PCI approach based on OCT or on FFR (recruited in two different studies) were compared and matched with propensity score analysis. Target Lesion revascularization (TLR) was the primary end point, while major adverse cardiovascular events [MACEs defined as the composite of death from cardiac causes, non- fatal MI, clinically driven target vessel revascularization (TVR), or re-hospitalization due to ...

      Read Full Article
    9. Mechanisms of Atherothrombosis and Vascular Response to Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Women Versus Men With Acute Myocardial Infarction : Results of the OCTAVIA (Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of Gender Diversity in Primary Angiop

      Mechanisms of Atherothrombosis and Vascular Response to Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Women Versus Men With Acute Myocardial Infarction : Results of the OCTAVIA (Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of Gender Diversity in Primary Angiop

      Objectives This study sought to assess in vivo sex differences in the pathophysiology of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and vascular response to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Background There is no consensus on whether differences in the pathophysiology of STEMI and response to primary PCI between women and men reflect biological factors as opposed to differences in age. Methods In this prospective, multicenter study, 140 age-matched men and women with STEMI undergoing primary PCI with everolimus-eluting stent were investigated with intravascular optical coherence tomography, histopathology-immunohistochemistry of thrombus aspirates, and serum biomarkers. Primary endpoints were the percentages of culprit plaque ...

      Read Full Article
    10. Stent-related defects in patients presenting with stent thrombosis: differences at optical coherence tomography between subacute and late/very late thrombosis in the Mechanism Of Stent Thrombosis (MOST) study

      Stent-related defects in patients presenting with stent thrombosis: differences at optical coherence tomography between subacute and late/very late thrombosis in the Mechanism Of Stent Thrombosis (MOST) study

      Aims: Subacute, late, and very late stent thrombosis (ST) may occur after stent implantation, but they are characterised by different underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. We sought to appraise differences between subacute and late/very late ST at the thrombus site by optical coherence tomography (OCT). The Mechanism Of Stent Thrombosis (MOST) study was a prospective multicentre non-randomised registry which enrolled six subacute ST and six controls (subacute ST study), and 17 late/very late ST and 17 controls (late/very late ST study). Methods and results: Patients with subacute ST had a minimum stent area at the thrombus site of 2 ...

      Read Full Article
    11. Optical coherence tomography evidence of endothelial erosion as a cause of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

      Optical coherence tomography evidence of endothelial erosion as a cause of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

      High-resolution intracoronary imaging provided relevant insights into the field of pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Human autopsy studies have shown that endothelial erosion may lead to intravascular thrombosis and acute myocardial infarction. We report the case of a 51-year-old woman presenting with ST-segment elevation ACS. In this patient, frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) was performed into the infarct-related artery, showing in-vivo findings suggestive of endothelial erosion, associated with no flow-obstructing luminal thrombus. In this rare case, endothelial erosion, and subsequent thrombosis, in the proximal third of the artery has probably caused embolization and thrombotic occlusion in the mid ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: Vasile Sirbu
    12. The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in Clarifying the Mechanisms for Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography-Induced Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy

      The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in Clarifying the Mechanisms for Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography-Induced Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy

      Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a clinical disorder characterized by a transient dilatation and akynesis or dyskinesis of the left ventricular (LV) apex, mimicking an anterior wall acute myocardial infarction in the absence of significant coronary artery disease (CAD). It typically occurs during an episode of severe emotional or physical stress. Recent reports suggested the potential of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in inducing the aforementioned syndrome. The transient dysfunction of the LV does not fit any known coronary distribution. Furthermore, there is no obstructive CAD demonstrated at angiography to account for the observed dysfunction. Consequently, the pathophysiology of this syndrome is still ...

      Read Full Article
      Mentions: Vasile Sirbu
    1-13 of 13
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks
  2. Topics in the News

    1. (8 articles) Francesco Prati
    2. (6 articles) University of Catania
    3. (6 articles) Corrado Tamburino
    4. (5 articles) Fernando Alfonso
    5. (4 articles) Azienda Ospedaliera San Paolo
    6. (4 articles) Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai
    7. (4 articles) Vasile Sirbu
    8. (3 articles) Sapienza University of Rome
    9. (3 articles) Rocco Vergallo
    10. (3 articles) Yukio Ozaki
    11. (1 articles) Academic Medical Center at the University of Amsterdam
    12. (1 articles) Jichi Medical University
    13. (1 articles) University of Milan
    14. (1 articles) Bern University Hospital
    15. (1 articles) Capital Medical University
    16. (1 articles) Nanjing University of Science and Technology
    17. (1 articles) Martin S. Zinkernagel
    18. (1 articles) Junya Ako
    19. (1 articles) Frank D. Verbraak
    20. (1 articles) Giovanni Staurenghi
  3. Popular Articles

  4. Picture Gallery

    The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in Clarifying the Mechanisms for Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography-Induced Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Optical coherence tomography evidence of endothelial erosion as a cause of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction Stent-related defects in patients presenting with stent thrombosis: differences at optical coherence tomography between subacute and late/very late thrombosis in the Mechanism Of Stent Thrombosis (MOST) study Mechanisms of Atherothrombosis and Vascular Response to Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Women Versus Men With Acute Myocardial Infarction : Results of the OCTAVIA (Optical Coherence Tomography Assessment of Gender Diversity in Primary Angiop Fate of Nonculprit Plaques in Patients With STEMI Undergoing Primary PCI Followed by Statin Therapy : A Serial Optical Coherence Tomography Analysis From the OCTAVIA Study Optical coherence tomography compared with fractional flow reserve guided approach in acute coronary syndromes: A propensity matched analysis Long-tem consequences of optical coherence tomography findings during percutaneous coronary intervention: the centro per la lotta contro l\'infarto - optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention (cli-opci) late study Long-term consequences of optical coherence tomography findings during percutaneous coronary intervention: the centro per la lotta contro l\'infarto - optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention (cli-opci) late study Role of optical coherence tomography in identifying sub-optimal stent positioning and predicting major adverse cardiac events in a comparative study with angiography: a CLIO-OPCI II sub-study Relationship between coronary plaque morphology of the left anterior descending artery and 12 months clinical outcome: the CLIMA study Correlation between optical coherence tomography, multifocal electroretinogram findings and visual acuity in diabetic macular edema Ciliary body length revisited by anterior segment optical coherence tomography: implications for safe access to the pars plana for intravitreal injections