1. Articles from Kojiro Miki

    1-7 of 7
    1. Impact of low tissue backscattering by optical coherence tomography on endothelial function after drug-eluting stent implantation

      Impact of low tissue backscattering by optical coherence tomography on endothelial function after drug-eluting stent implantation

      This study evaluated the impact of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-derived low-backscattered tissue on mid-term coronary endothelial function after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Although OCT enables detailed in vivo evaluation of neointimal tissue characterization after DES implantation, its association with physiological vascular healing response is unclear. Thirty-three stable angina pectoris patients underwent OCT examination and endothelial function testing with intracoronary infusion of incremental doses of acetylcholine 8-month after DES implantation in a single lesion of the left anterior descending artery. Neointimal tissue was classified into two patterns based on the predominant OCT light backscatter: high backscatter and low backscatter. Although ...

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      Mentions: Kenichi Fujii
    2. Comparing the vascular response in implantation of self-expanding, bare metal nitinol stents or paclitaxel-eluting nitinol stents in superficial femoral artery lesions: a serial optical frequency domain imaging study

      Comparing the vascular response in implantation of self-expanding, bare metal nitinol stents or paclitaxel-eluting nitinol stents in superficial femoral artery lesions: a serial optical frequency domain imaging study

      Aims: This study sought to investigate differences in vascular response between self-expanding bare metal nitinol stents (BMS) and paclitaxel-eluting nitinol stents (PES), in superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease, using optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI). Methods and results: Six months after stent implantation, follow-up quantitative vascular angiography (QVA) and OFDI assessment were scheduled to evaluate vascular response. Volume index (VI) was defined as volume divided by stent length. The primary endpoint was OFDI-derived late lumen area loss, defined as lumen VI post stent implantation minus lumen VI at follow-up. A total of 28 SFA lesions were analysed, with cases randomised to ...

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    3. Ex Vivo Assessment of Neointimal Characteristics After Drug-eluting Stent Implantation: Optical Coherence Tomography and Histopathology Validation Study

      Ex Vivo Assessment of Neointimal Characteristics After Drug-eluting Stent Implantation: Optical Coherence Tomography and Histopathology Validation Study

      Background Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is one of the tools trying to distinguish neoatherosclerosis from other neointimal tissue but its role has to be still validated. This study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of OCT for characterization of lipid-atherosclerotic neointima following drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods Twelve stented coronary arteries from the 7 autopsy hearts were imaged by OCT. These OCT images were compared with histology. By OCT, the morphological appearances of neointima were classified into three patterns: homogeneous pattern, heterogeneous pattern with visible strut, or heterogeneous pattern with invisible strut. Results Of 21 histological cross-sections, 6 were categorized as homogeneous ...

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    4. Tissue Characterization of In-Stent Neointima Using Optical Coherence Tomography in the Late Phase After Bare-Metal Stent Implantation – An Ex Vivo Validation Study –

      Tissue Characterization of In-Stent Neointima Using Optical Coherence Tomography in the Late Phase After Bare-Metal Stent Implantation – An Ex Vivo Validation Study –

      Background: We performed an ex vivo study to investigate optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging for differentiating several types of neointimal tissue during the later phases after bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation as compared with histologic results. Methods and Results: OCT imaging was performed in 6 autopsy hearts for 10 BMS with implant duration >4 years. OCT qualitative neointimal tissue characterization was based on tissue structure and classified as homogeneous pattern, heterogeneous pattern with visible struts, or heterogeneous pattern with invisible struts. Corresponding histological analyses of each 2-mm cross-section of the entire BMS were performed. Of 81 cross-sections, histological analysis revealed that ...

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      Mentions: Abbot Kenichi Fujii
    5. Accuracy of OCT, Grayscale IVUS, and Their Combination for the Diagnosis of Coronary TCFA An Ex Vivo Validation Study

      Accuracy of OCT, Grayscale IVUS, and Their Combination for the Diagnosis of Coronary TCFA An Ex Vivo Validation Study

      Objectives This study sought to assess the accuracy of optical coherence tomography (OCT), gray-scale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and their combination for detecting thin-cap fibroatheromas (TCFA). Background The extent to which the imaging characteristics of OCT and IVUS correlate with histologically defined TCFA is unknown. Methods IVUS and OCT examinations identified focal plaques in 165 coronary arteries from 60 autopsy hearts. A total of 685 pairs of images of OCT and IVUS were compared with histology. By OCT, a TCFA was defined as a signal-poor region with diffuse borders and cap thickness <65 μm. By IVUS, a TCFA was defined by ...

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    6. Natural history of low-intensity neointimal tissue after an everolimus-eluting stent implantation: a serial observation with optical coherence tomography

      Natural history of low-intensity neointimal tissue after an everolimus-eluting stent implantation: a serial observation with optical coherence tomography

      Although previous optical coherence tomography (OCT) studies reported that restenosis tissue after implantation of a drug-eluting stent (DES) was composed of a variety of cells, the clinical significance of morphologic characteristics for in-stent neointimal tissue as assessed by OCT has not been clarified. We experienced a patient with stable angina who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with a 2.5 × 18-mm DES implantation 6 months before the OCT examination. OCT imaging showed a mild intimal hyperplasia (39 % neointimal hyperplasia) with eccentric, heterogeneous tissue, predominantly of low signal intensity. Seventeen months after the initial procedure, OCT revealed a significant increase in percent ...

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    7. Multiple complex coronary atherosclerosis in diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction: a three-vessel optical coherence tomography study

      Multiple complex coronary atherosclerosis in diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction: a three-vessel optical coherence tomography study

      Aims: The main cause of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the disruption of a thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) and subsequent thrombosis. Mortality increases in diabetic patients due to cardiovascular events; there may be differences in the vulnerable plaques between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. We used optical coherence tomography (OCT) to assess the incidence of vulnerable plaques in diabetic patients with AMI. Methods and results: OCT was performed in all three major coronary arteries of 70 AMI patients: 48 non-diabetic and 22 diabetic patients. The OCT criterion for TCFA was the presence of both a lipid-rich plaque composition and a fibrotic cap ...

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    1-7 of 7
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    1. (5 articles) Kenichi Fujii
    2. (3 articles) Mitsumasa Ohyanagi
    3. (2 articles) Abbot
    4. (2 articles) Massachusetts General Hospital
    5. (1 articles) Stanford University
    6. (1 articles) Peter J. Fitzgerald
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    Multiple complex coronary atherosclerosis in diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction: a three-vessel optical coherence tomography study Natural history of low-intensity neointimal tissue after an everolimus-eluting stent implantation: a serial observation with optical coherence tomography Accuracy of OCT, Grayscale IVUS, and Their Combination for the Diagnosis of Coronary TCFA An Ex Vivo Validation Study Tissue Characterization of In-Stent Neointima Using Optical Coherence Tomography in the Late Phase After Bare-Metal Stent Implantation – An Ex Vivo Validation Study – Ex Vivo Assessment of Neointimal Characteristics After Drug-eluting Stent Implantation: Optical Coherence Tomography and Histopathology Validation Study Comparing the vascular response in implantation of self-expanding, bare metal nitinol stents or paclitaxel-eluting nitinol stents in superficial femoral artery lesions: a serial optical frequency domain imaging study Impact of low tissue backscattering by optical coherence tomography on endothelial function after drug-eluting stent implantation Optical Coherence Tomography: Critical Tool to Manage Expectations after Cataract Extraction Improving the characterization of ex vivo human brain optical properties using high numerical aperture optical coherence tomography by spatially constraining the confocal parameters Choroidal, macular and ganglion cell layer thickness assessment in Caucasian children measured with spectral domain optical coherence tomography Examination of retinal vascular density changes via optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with glaucoma 3D reconstruction of coronary artery bifurcations from coronary angiography and optical coherence tomography: feasibility, validation, and reproducibility