1. Articles from Véronique Del Marmol

    1-12 of 12
    1. Non-invasive scoring of cellular atypia in keratinocyte cancers in 3D LC-OCT images using Deep Learning

      Non-invasive scoring of cellular atypia in keratinocyte cancers in 3D LC-OCT images using Deep Learning

      Diagnosis based on histopathology for skin cancer detection is today's gold standard and relies on the presence or absence of biomarkers and cellular atypia. However it suffers drawbacks: it requires a strong expertise and is time-consuming. Moreover the notion of atypia or dysplasia of the visible cells used for diagnosis is very subjective, with poor inter-rater agreement reported in the literature. Lastly, histology requires a biopsy which is an invasive procedure and only captures a small sample of the lesion, which is insufficient in the context of large fields of cancerization. Here we demonstrate that the notion of cellular ...

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    2. Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography as a tool for three-dimensional in vivo quantification of healthy epidermis: a pilot study

      Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography as a tool for three-dimensional in vivo quantification of healthy epidermis: a pilot study

      Epidermal three-dimensional (3D) topography/quantification have not been completely characterized yet. The recently developed line-field confocal optical coherence tomography (LC-OCT) provides real-time, high-resolution, in-vivo 3D imaging of the skin. This pilot study aimed at quantifying epidermal metrics [epidermal thicknesses, dermal-epidermal junction (DEJ) undulation and keratinocyte number/shape/size] using 3D LC-OCT. For each study participant (8 female, skin-type-II, younger/older volunteers), seven body sites were imaged with LC-OCT. Epidermal metrics were calculated by segmentations and measurements assisted by artificial intelligence (AI) when appropriate. Thicknesses of epidermis/SC, DEJ undulation and keratinocyte nuclei volume varied across body sites. Evidence of keratinocyte ...

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    3. Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography of actinic keratosis: a case series

      Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography of actinic keratosis: a case series

      Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography (LC-OCT) is a non-invasive imaging technique that was recently developed, combining high penetration depth (up to 500-µm, approaching that of conventional OCT) with high isotropic resolution [lateral: 1.3 µm; axial: 1.1 µm - similar to that of reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM)]. 1 .

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    4. Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography of sebaceous hyperplasia: a case series

      Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography of sebaceous hyperplasia: a case series

      Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography (LC-OCT) is a newly developed non-invasive imaging technique that combines high penetration depth (500 µm, similar to conventional OCT) with high isotropic resolution (lateral 1.3 µm, axial 1.1 µm, similar to reflectance confocal microscopy [RCM]). 1 Moreover, with its ability to produce images in both vertical and horizontal planes, it enables a tridimensional (3D) analysis of the skin, which can prove very useful for assessing physiological 2 as well as pathological skin.

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    5. Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography for high-resolution noninvasive imaging of skin tumors

      Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography for high-resolution noninvasive imaging of skin tumors

      An optical technique called line-field confocal optical coherence tomography (LC-OCT) is introduced for high-resolution, noninvasive imaging of human skin in vivo . LC-OCT combines the principles of time-domain optical coherence tomography and confocal microscopy with line illumination and detection using a broadband laser and a line-scan camera. LC-OCT measures the echo-time delay and amplitude of light backscattered from cutaneous microstructures through low-coherence interferometry associated with confocal spatial filtering. Multiple A-scans are acquired simultaneously while dynamically adjusting the focus. The resulting cross-sectional B-scan image is produced in real time at 10  frame  /  s. With an isotropic spatial resolution of ∼1  μm, the ...

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      Mentions: Damae Medical
    6. In vivo assessment of optical properties of basal cell carcinoma and differentiation of BCC subtypes by high-definition optical coherence tomography

      In vivo assessment of optical properties of basal cell carcinoma and differentiation of BCC subtypes by high-definition optical coherence tomography

      High-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT) features of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) have recently been defined. We assessed in vivo optical properties (IV-OP) of BCC, by HD-OCT. Moreover their critical values for BCC subtype differentiation were determined. The technique of semi-log plot whereby an exponential function becomes linear has been implemented on HD-OCT signals. The relative attenuation factor ( µ raf ) at different skin layers could be assessed. . IV-OP of superficial BCC with high diagnostic accuracy (DA) and high negative predictive values (NPV) were (i) decreased µ raf in lower part of epidermis and (ii) increased epidermal thickness (E-T). IV-OP of nodular BCC with ...

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    7. High-definition optical coherence tomography: adapted algorithmic method for pattern analysis of inflammatory skin diseases: a pilot study

      High-definition optical coherence tomography: adapted algorithmic method for pattern analysis of inflammatory skin diseases: a pilot study

      High-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT) is a non-invasive technique for morphological investigation of tissue with cellular resolution filling the imaging gap between reflectance confocal microscopy and conventional optical coherence tomography. The aim of this study is first to correlate dermatopathologic descriptors of inflammatory skin conditions with epidermal alteration to features observed by HD-OCT. Secondly, to assess the discriminative accuracy of common inflammatory reaction patterns with epidermal alteration using HD-OCT by applying Ackerman’s algorithmic method of pattern recognition. The generated HD-OCT images of 160 patients presenting an inflammatory skin disease were analyzed with respect to the following criteria: visualization of ...

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    8. High-definition optical coherence tomography enables visualization of individual cells in healthy skin: comparison to reflectance confocal microscopy

      High-definition optical coherence tomography enables visualization of individual cells in healthy skin: comparison to reflectance confocal microscopy

      High-definition OCT (HD-OCT) is an innovative technique based on the principle of conventional OCT. Our objective was to test the resolution and image quality of HD-OCT in comparison with reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) of healthy skin. Firstly, images have been made of a ultra-high-resolution line-pair phantome with both systems. Secondly, we investigated 21 healthy volunteers of different phototypes with HD-OCT and RCM on volar forearm and compared the generated images. HD-OCT displays also differences depending on the skin phototype and anatomical site. The 3-μm lateral resolution of the HD-OCT could be confirmed by the phantom analysis. The identification of ...

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    1-12 of 12
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    1. (3 articles) University of Copenhagen
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    High-definition optical coherence tomography enables visualization of individual cells in healthy skin: comparison to reflectance confocal microscopy High-definition optical coherence tomography: adapted algorithmic method for pattern analysis of inflammatory skin diseases: a pilot study In vivo assessment of optical properties of basal cell carcinoma and differentiation of BCC subtypes by high-definition optical coherence tomography Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography for high-resolution noninvasive imaging of skin tumors Examination of circumscribed palmar hypokeratosis with line-field confocal optical coherence tomography: Dermoscopic, ultrasonographic and histopathologic correlates Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography of sebaceous hyperplasia: a case series Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography for non-invasive diagnosis of lichenoid dermatoses of the childhood: A case series Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography of actinic keratosis: a case series Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography: a case on the importance of full-lesion examination for basal cell carcinoma Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography as a tool for three-dimensional in vivo quantification of healthy epidermis: a pilot study Cascade Optical Coherence Tomography (C-OCT) for Surface Form Metrology of - ProQuest Comparison of Anterior Segment Measurements with a New Multifunctional Unit and Five Other Devices