1. Articles from Haibo Jia

    1-24 of 46 1 2 »
    1. Clinical use of intracoronary imaging. Part 2: acute coronary syndromes, ambiguous coronary angiography findings, and guiding interventional decision-making: an expert consensus document of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Intervent

      Clinical use of intracoronary imaging. Part 2: acute coronary syndromes, ambiguous coronary angiography findings, and guiding interventional decision-making: an expert consensus document of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Intervent

      This consensus document is the second of two reports summarizing the views of an expert panel organized by the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) on the clinical use of intracoronary imaging including intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-IVUS. Beyond guidance of stent selection and optimization of deployment, invasive imaging facilitates angiographic interpretation and may guide treatment in acute coronary syndrome. Intravascular imaging can provide additional important diagnostic information when confronted with angiographically ambiguous lesions and allows assessment of plaque morphology enabling identification of vulnerability characteristics. This second document focuses on useful ...

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    2. Clinical use of intracoronary imaging. Part 2: acute coronary syndromes, ambiguous coronary angiography findings, and guiding interventional decision-making: an expert consensus document of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Intervent

      Clinical use of intracoronary imaging. Part 2: acute coronary syndromes, ambiguous coronary angiography findings, and guiding interventional decision-making: an expert consensus document of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Intervent

      This consensus document is the second of two reports summarizing the views of an expert panel organized by the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) on the clinical use of intracoronary imaging including intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-IVUS. Beyond guidance of stent selection and optimization of deployment, invasive imaging facilitates angiographic interpretation and may guide treatment in acute coronary syndrome. Intravascular imaging can provide additional important diagnostic information when confronted with angiographically ambiguous lesions and allows assessment of plaque morphology enabling identification of vulnerability characteristics. This second document focuses on useful ...

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    3. Pre-infarction Angina and Culprit Lesion Morphologies in Patients with a First ST-segment Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction: Insights from In Vivo Optical Coherence Tomography

      Pre-infarction Angina and Culprit Lesion Morphologies in Patients with a First ST-segment Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction: Insights from In Vivo Optical Coherence Tomography

      Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between pre-infarction angina (PIA) and in vivo culprit lesion characteristics as assessed by intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods and results: A total of 305 consecutive patients with a first STEMI who underwent OCT imaging of culprit lesions during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were prospectively enrolled. OCT findings of the culprit plaque were compared between patients with (n=206) and without PIA (n=99). Patients with PIA showed lower rates of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) (62.6% vs. 80.8%, P=0 ...

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    4. Clinical use of intracoronary imaging. Part 1: guidance and optimization of coronary interventions. An expert consensus document of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions

      Clinical use of intracoronary imaging. Part 1: guidance and optimization of coronary interventions. An expert consensus document of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions

      his Consensus Document is the first of two reports summarizing the views of an expert panel organized by the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) on the clinical use of intracoronary imaging including intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). The first document appraises the role of intracoronary imaging to guide percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) in clinical practice. Current evidence regarding the impact of intracoronary imaging guidance on cardiovascular outcomes is summarized, and patients or lesions most likely to derive clinical benefit from an imaging-guided intervention are identified. The relevance of the use of IVUS or OCT prior ...

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    5. Non-culprit plaque characteristics in acute coronary syndrome patients with raised hemoglobinA1c: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Non-culprit plaque characteristics in acute coronary syndrome patients with raised hemoglobinA1c: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Background Raised hemoglobinA1c (HbA1c) is an indicator of pre-diabetes, which is associated with increased risk of coronary artery disease. However, the detailed morphological characteristics of non-culprit plaques in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients remain largely unknown. Methods A total of 305 non-culprit plaques from 216 ACS patients were analyzed by intravascular optical coherence tomography. These patients were divided into three groups according to the serum glycosylated hemoglobin level: normal HbA1c (< 5.7%), pre-diabetes with raised HbA1c (5.7–6.4%) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Results Plaques in patients with raised HbA1c had a longer lipid length (17.0 ± 8.3 ...

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    6. Impact of vessel curvature on neointimal healing after stent implantation as assessed by optical coherence tomography

      Impact of vessel curvature on neointimal healing after stent implantation as assessed by optical coherence tomography

      Purpose: Previous studies have indicated that stent implantation could alter the vessel geometry, which may impact the neointimal healing process. Curvature is an important parameter for evaluating vessel geometry. The purpose of our study was to investigate the relationship between vessel curvature and neointimal healing after stent implantation. Methods: Fifty-nine patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who underwent stent implantation were enrolled in the study. According to the post-percutaneous coronary intervention vessel curvature measured by quantitative coronary angiography, patients were divided into high (n = 30) and low (n = 29) curvature groups. Neointimal thickness and area together with the neointimal type ...

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    7. In vivo predictors of plaque erosion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: a clinical, angiographical, and intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      In vivo predictors of plaque erosion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: a clinical, angiographical, and intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Aims Plaque erosion is a significant substrate of acute coronary thrombosis. This study sought to determine in vivo predictors of plaque erosion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods and results A prospective series of 822 STEMI patients underwent pre-intervention optical coherence tomography. Using established diagnostic criteria, 209 had plaque erosion (25.4%) and 564 had plaque rupture (68.6%). Plaque erosion was more frequent in women <50 years when compared with those ≥50 years of age ( P  = 0.009). There was a similar, but less striking, trend in men ( P  = 0.011). Patients with plaque erosion were ...

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    8. Does spotty calcification attenuate the response of nonculprit plaque to statin therapy?: A serial optical coherence tomography study

      Does spotty calcification attenuate the response of nonculprit plaque to statin therapy?: A serial optical coherence tomography study

      Objectives The aim of this study was to determine if spotty calcification decreases the response of plaque progression to statin therapy. Background Previous studies showed that the presence of spotty calcification is a marker of vulnerable plaque. However, the relationship between spotty calcification and plaque progression is not clear. Methods Ninety-six nonculprit lipid-rich plaques in 69 patients who received serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging were included. Plaques were divided into three groups: spotty calcification ( n = 38), calcified ( n = 12) and noncalcified ( n = 46) plaques. Spotty calcification was identified by the presence of a lesion <4 mm in length with ...

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    9. EROSION Study (Effective Anti-Thrombotic Therapy Without Stenting: Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography–Based Management in Plaque Erosion)

      EROSION Study (Effective Anti-Thrombotic Therapy Without Stenting: Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography–Based Management in Plaque Erosion)

      Background— The initial EROSION study (Effective Anti-Thrombotic Therapy Without Stenting: Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography–Based Management in Plaque Erosion) demonstrated that patients with acute coronary syndrome caused by plaque erosion might be stabilized with aspirin and ticagrelor without stenting for ≤1 month. However, a long-term evaluation of outcomes is lacking. The aim of this study was to assess whether the initial benefit of noninterventional therapy for patients with acute coronary syndrome caused by plaque erosion is maintained for ≤1 year. Methods and Results— Among 53 patients who completed clinical follow-up, 49 underwent repeat optical coherence tomography imaging at 1 year ...

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    10. Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in Diagnosis and Treatment of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome

      Role of Optical Coherence Tomography in Diagnosis and Treatment of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome

      Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the main cause of death worldwide and the leading cause of disease burden in high-income countries. ACS refers to a constellation of clinical symptoms that are compatible with acute myocardial ischemia. It describes a spectrum of clinical manifestations that result from a common pathophysiological process. The most common cause of ACS are rupture of an atherosclerotic lesion containing a large necrotic core and a thin fibrous cap followed by acute luminal thrombosis. It was thought that a high-resolution imaging modality would be ideal to detect high-risk plaques before their disruption and the formation of an ...

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    11. Impact of statins therapy on morphological changes in lipid-rich plaques stratified by 10-Year framingham risk score: A serial optical coherence tomography study

      Impact of statins therapy on morphological changes in lipid-rich plaques stratified by 10-Year framingham risk score: A serial optical coherence tomography study

      The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of statins therapy on morphological changes of lipid-rich plaques by OCT (optical coherence tomography) in patients with known CHD (coronary heart disease), stratified by FRS. Ninety-seven lipid-rich plaques from sixty-nine patients who received statins therapy and underwent serial OCT images (baseline, 6-month and 12-month) were divided into 2 groups according to the FRS (framingham risk score): low risk group A (FRS<10%, N=35, n=45), moderate to high risk group B (FRS≥10%, N=34, n=52). Fibrous cap thickness (FCT) was measured at its thinnest part 3 times ...

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    12. Chronic total occlusion is associated with a higher incidence of malapposition and uncovered stent struts: OCT findings at 6 months following DES implantation

      Chronic total occlusion is associated with a higher incidence of malapposition and uncovered stent struts: OCT findings at 6 months following DES implantation

      Objectives To compare stent coverage and malapposition in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesions and non-CTO lesions (including lipid-rich plaque [LRP] and non-lipid-rich plaque [non-LRP]) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Background Different initial lesion characteristics may be related to heterogeneous vessel responses after DES implantation. However, the vessel response in patients with CTO and non-CTO lesions after stenting is unclear. Methods We retrospectively enrolled 64 patients with 68 target lesions. All of the patients underwent OCT imaging immediate after stenting and 6 months after stenting. LRP was defined as the plaque with lipid content ...

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    13. Management and Outcome of Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Caused by Plaque Rupture Versus Plaque Erosion: An Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Management and Outcome of Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Caused by Plaque Rupture Versus Plaque Erosion: An Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background Plaque rupture and erosion are the 2 most common mechanisms for acute coronary syndromes. However, the outcome of these 2 distinct pathologies in patients with acute coronary syndromes has never been studied. Methods and Results We retrospectively studied 141 patients with acute coronary syndromes who underwent optical coherence tomography ( OCT ) imaging of the culprit lesion prior to stenting from the Massachusetts General Hospital OCT Registry. Management (stent versus no stent), poststent OCT findings, and outcomes were compared. Among the 141 culprit lesions, rupture was found in 79 (56%) patients and erosion in 62 (44%). Stent implantation was performed in ...

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    14. Is age an important factor for vascular response to statin therapy? A serial optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound study

      Is age an important factor for vascular response to statin therapy? A serial optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound study

      Objective: Age-related structural and functional changes in vessel wall may affect the time course of vascular response to statin therapy. In this study, we sought to compare the response of lipid-rich plaque to statin therapy in elderly versus younger patients using optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound. Patients and methods: Sixty-nine patients who underwent serial optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound at the time point of baseline, 6, and 12 months were divided into two groups according to median age: group A (age<57 years, n=35) and group B (age>=57 years, n=34). Patients were treated with intensive ...

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    15. Effective anti-thrombotic therapy without stenting: intravascular optical coherence tomography-based management in plaque erosion (the EROSION study)

      Effective anti-thrombotic therapy without stenting: intravascular optical coherence tomography-based management in plaque erosion (the EROSION study)

      Aims Plaque erosion, compared with plaque rupture, has distinctly different underlying pathology and therefore may merit tailored therapy. In this study, we aimed to assess whether patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) caused by plaque erosion might be stabilized by anti-thrombotic therapy without stent implantation. Methods and results This was a single-centre, uncontrolled, prospective, proof-of concept study. Patients with ACS including ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were prospectively enrolled. If needed, aspiration thrombectomy was performed. Patients diagnosed with plaque erosion by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and residual diameter stenosis <70% on coronary angiogram were treated with anti-thrombotic therapy without stenting. OCT ...

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    16. Patterns of coronary plaque progression: phasic versus gradual. A combined optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound study

      Patterns of coronary plaque progression: phasic versus gradual. A combined optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound study

      Objective: Some plaques grow slowly in a linear manner, whereas others undergo a rapid phasic progression. However, the detailed in-vivo relationship between plaque characteristics and plaque progression pattern has not been reported. The current study aimed to investigate the plaque progression patterns with serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) examinations, and to correlate baseline plaque characteristics assessed by optical coherence tomography and IVUS with plaque progression patterns. Methods: A total of 248 coronary lesions from 157 patients were identified and imaged by both optical coherence tomography and IVUS at baseline. IVUS examination was repeated at 6 and 12 months. Plaque progression was ...

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    17. Three-dimensional morphological response of lipid-rich coronary plaques to statin therapy: a serial optical coherence tomography study

      Three-dimensional morphological response of lipid-rich coronary plaques to statin therapy: a serial optical coherence tomography study

      Objective: Previous studies have suggested that intensive statin therapy, compared with moderate statin therapy, provided greater reduction of LDL and better protection against major cardiovascular events. However, the exact dose-dependent mechanism of plaque stabilization remains unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the three-dimensional (3D) response of fibrous caps overlying lipid plaques to statin therapy. Methods: We applied a novel computer algorithm to investigate the fibrous cap 3D morphological change over time in patients with coronary artery disease. Patients were treated with either atorvastatin 20 mg/day (moderate intensity) or atorvastatin 60 mg/day (high intensity). Optical coherence ...

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    18. Serial Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Analysis of Gender Difference in Changes of Plaque Phenotype in Response to Lipid-lowering Therapy

      Serial Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Analysis of Gender Difference in Changes of Plaque Phenotype in Response to Lipid-lowering Therapy

      Although the clinical benefit of statins have been demonstrated in both genders, gender differences in the response to statin therapy on plaque morphological changes have not been reported. A total of 66 non-culprit plaques from 46 patients who had serial image acquisition at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months by both optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) were included. Patients were treated with atorvastatin 60mg (AT60) or 20mg (AT20). The baseline characteristics were similar between women (n=16) and men (n=30) except for age (59.3±6.8 vs. 52.5±10.6, years, P=0.027 ...

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    19. Comparison of Intensive versus Moderate Lipid-lowering Therapy on Fibrous Cap and Atheroma Volume of Coronary Lipid-rich Plaque Using Serial Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging

      Comparison of Intensive versus Moderate Lipid-lowering Therapy on Fibrous Cap and Atheroma Volume of Coronary Lipid-rich Plaque Using Serial Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging

      Despite marked clinical benefit, reduction in atheroma volume with statin therapy is minimal. Changes in plaque composition may explain this discrepancy. We aimed in the present study to assess the effect of statin therapy on coronary plaque composition as well as plaque volume using serial multimodality imaging. From an open-label, single-blinded study, patients with angiographically mild to moderate lesion were randomized to receive atorvastatin 60 (AT 60) mg or atorvastatin 20 (AT 20) mg for 12 months. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to assess fibrous cap thickness (FCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to assess atheroma burden at three time ...

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    20. Impacts of lesion angle on incidence and distribution of acute vessel wall injuries and strut malapposition after drug-eluting stent implantation assessed by optical coherence tomography

      Impacts of lesion angle on incidence and distribution of acute vessel wall injuries and strut malapposition after drug-eluting stent implantation assessed by optical coherence tomography

      Aims To investigate the impact of lesion angle on the incidence and distribution of acute vessel wall injuries and incomplete stent apposition (ISA) following second-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Several ex vivo studies demonstrated that angled arterial walls are exposed to imbalanced mechanical stress from deployed stents. Methods and results We included 243 lesions treated with a single DES (148 everolimus-eluting stent and 95 zotarolimus-eluting stent). Angled lesions were defined as lesions with angle ≥45° on an angiogram ( n = 58). The vessel wall injuries and ISA were evaluated by OCT. The results were compared with ...

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    21. Optical Coherence Tomographic Evaluation of the Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Vascular Healing after Sirolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation

      Optical Coherence Tomographic Evaluation of the Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Vascular Healing after Sirolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation

      Cigarette smoking is known to be deleterious to patients with coronary artery disease, however the effect of smoking on vascular responses after coronary drug-eluting stent implantation is unknown. We sought to examine vascular response after sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation in patients with ongoing smoking using optical coherence tomography (OCT), compared with former smokers and nonsmokers. We identified 181 SESs in 140 subjects who underwent follow-up OCT imaging. Subjects were divided into 3 groups: current smokers (n = 28), former smokers (n = 35), and nonsmokers (n = 77). Stent strut coverage, neointimal characteristics, and strut malapposition were evaluated. The incidence of uncovered stent ...

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    22. Insights into the spatial distribution of lipid-rich plaques in relation to coronary artery bifurcations: an in-vivo optical coherence tomography study

      Insights into the spatial distribution of lipid-rich plaques in relation to coronary artery bifurcations: an in-vivo optical coherence tomography study

      Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the spatial location of vulnerable plaques at coronary artery bifurcations using frequency domain-optical coherence tomography. Background: In-vivo data on geometric location of vulnerable plaques in relation to coronary bifurcation are limited. Materials and methods: A total of 40 patients with left anterior descending artery bifurcation were studied. Plaque characteristics in five regions in relation to a side branch were compared: opposite flow divider (OFD); bifurcation site (BF); main branch side proximal (MBP); side branch side proximal (SBP); and flow divider (FD). Frequency domain-optical coherence tomography was used for plaque characterization. Results ...

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    23. Nonangiographic assessment of coronary artery disease: a practical approach to optical coherence tomography and fractional flow reserve

      Nonangiographic assessment of coronary artery disease: a practical approach to optical coherence tomography and fractional flow reserve

      In an era of increased scrutiny of the appropriateness and safety of revascularization, interventional cardiologists must evolve by adding key tools to their armamentarium. This review highlights the utility of optical coherence tomography and fractional flow reserve in the catheterization lab and provides a practical guide for using these technologies during coronary intervention in various lesion subsets. We propose that fractional flow reserve informs the decision to intervene and optical coherence tomography guides the optimization of the outcome.

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    24. Bivalirudin versus unfractionated heparin for residual thrombus burden: A frequency-domain optical coherence tomography study

      Bivalirudin versus unfractionated heparin for residual thrombus burden: A frequency-domain optical coherence tomography study

      Objectives: This study aimed to compare the effect of bivalirudin and unfractionated heparin (UFH) on residual thrombus burden assessed by frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT), and on angiographic indices of microvascular obstruction (MVO). Background: The efficacy of bivalirudin to inhibit thrombus formation inside the stent during percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) as compared to UFH is unknown. Methods: Sixty patients with coronary artery disease who underwent post-PCI FD-OCT were studied, including 20 patients treated with bivalirudin and 40 control patients treated with UFH, matched by clinical presentation, stent characteristics, and periprocedural medications. In-stent thrombus volume, thrombus score (number of quadrants with ...

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